SS has boss rush but SS has the worst/least varied bosses in the entire series. You fight the same two or three bosses like four times. I would love a boss rush for TP, and ALTTP. ALTTP boss rush would be so challenging haha.
It might not have had a boss rush mode but The Cave of Ordeals definitely made up for that IMO. I loved both Cave of Ordeals runs, I remember getting absolutely destroyed my first few times through it but I must have completed that place 100 times, I absolutely loved it.