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    Translation Differences FAQ by Gouki of Borg

    Version: 1.0 | Updated: 08/22/09 | Printable Version | Search This Guide

    Final Fantasy Legend III / SaGa 3: Jikuu no Hasha
    Translation Differences FAQ
    By Gouki of Borg
    
    Table of Contents:
    -------------------
    
    I. Introduction
    
    II. Version History
    
    III. General Differences
    
         a. Gameplay changes
         b. Graphical Changes
         c. Key terms
    
    
    IV. Name Changes
    
         a. Characters
         b. Character Classes
         c. Places
         d. Items
         e. Units
         f. Weapons
         g. Spells
         h. Armor
         i. Monsters
         j. Talents
    
    
    V. Closing Remarks
    
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    I. Introduction
    
    In December 1991, Square released an RPG for the Game Boy titled SaGa 3:
    Jikuu no Hasha (SaGa 3: Master of Space-Time). SaGa 3 was developed by
    a different team than its predecessors (Makaitoushi SaGa and SaGa 2:
    Hihou Densetsu) because the original staff was working on Romancing
    SaGa for the Super Famicom. As a result, SaGa 3 is something of an odd
    duck among the Game Boy trilogy, featuring more traditional JRPG
    gameplay elements.
    
    It was not until nearly two years later, in September 1993, that SaGa 3
    was released in North America as Final Fantasy Legend III - perhaps due
    to the game's comparatively poor reception in Japan. It was initially
    uncertain whether the game would make it to the NA market at all.
    The more "Final Fantasy-like" gameplay of FFL3, however, caused it to
    be much better received on this side of the Pacific. In its translation
    and localization, many interesting changes were made. Of the three
    Game Boy SaGas, 3 appears to have been changed the most for the North
    American release. This FAQ will document the many differences.
    
    Possibly interesting side note: The team that worked on SaGa 3
    later went on to develop Final Fantasy: Mystic Quest. You'll notice some
    similarities between the two games, such as the inclusion of jumping and
    push puzzles.
    
    Some translations have accompanying notes; do a CTRL+F with the tag
    following the translation to jump to the corrosponding notes.
    
    
    II. Version History
    --------------------
    
        Version 1.0 (8/18/09)
    
    First release; the FAQ should be complete other than a few uncertain
    translations.
    
    III. General Differences
    --------------------------
    
    -Because it is possible to write more in less space in the Japanese writing
    system, item names are written out and there are no icons telling you what
    type of item it is.
    
    
    a. Gameplay Changes
    ---------------------
    -In the original, magic is set up much like it is in Final Fantasy III. There
    are eight spell levels, and characters can learn up to three spells per
    level. In the NA version, characters can learn as many spells as you wish.
    
    
    b. Graphical Changes
    ---------------------
    
    -Now this is strange. Several monsters had their sprites changed for the NA
    version. The trixter-type enemies were originally mechanical clowns, the
    big-lipped tattlers were demonic, syringe-wielding nurses, and the Loonyguy-
    types were evil doctors. Common belief is that these were "too scary" for
    Western audiences. You can see a side-by-side comparison here:
    
    http://xb_lim.at.infoseek.co.jp/gbffl3/monsuta-mei.htm
    
    -Not technically a graphical change, since her sprite is the same in both
    versions, but it's worth mentioning that Faye/Nemesis is supposed to be
    dressed in a nun's habit. This isn't exactly clear until you see her
    Japanese version manual art. This explains how she's the only one able
    to draw the holy sword Excalibur. The English version manual, on the other
    hand, just has her drawn as a generic "sassy amazon".
    
    c. Key Terms
    -----------------
    
    
    FFL3                SaGa 3                    Trans
    -----               ------                    ------
    
    GP                  KERO                      Kero
    
    Talon               SUTESUROSU                Steslos
    
    Pureland Entity     Ijigen no Mizugame        Waterjug of Another Dimension
    
    Pureland            Ijigen                    Another Dimension
    
    Masters             Kamigami                  Gods
    
    Mystic Sword        Seiken                    Holy Sword
    
    
    IV. Name Changes
    -------------------
    
    
    a. Characters
    ---------------
    
    
    FFL3             SaGa 3               Trans
    -----            ------               ------
    
    Arthur           DYUUN                Dune
    
    Curtis           PORUNAREFU           Polnareff
    
    Gloria           MIRUFII              Milfi
    
    Sharon           SHIRYUU              Sireugh [char1]
    
    Myron            MERUROOZU            Melrose
    
    Lara             FUREIYA              Freya
    
    Dion             DIOORU               Dior
    
    Faye             NEMESHISU            Nemesis
    
    Borgin           BORAAJIUU            Vorlage
    
    Elder            GIRU                 Gill
    
    Cronos           KURONOSU             Cronos
    
    Granny           Oobabasama           Grandmother
    
    Pulcer           PARUSAA              Pulsar
    
    Eitar            EITAARU              Eitar
    
    Belski           BORUFESU             Borfes
    
    Quacer           KUEESAA              Quasar
    
    Buzi             BARUZAI              Balzsay
    
    Shar             SHYARURU             Sharl
    
    Juba             ZUKAUBA              Zukauba
    
    Masa             Masamune             Masamune
    
    Clamin           KURENESU             Krennes
    
    Jupiah           JYUPITAA             Jupiter
    
    
    [char1]: I'm not entirely sure how to localize Sharon's original name.
    I've seen this translation on certain Japanese sites, so strange as it
    looks I'm going with it for now.
    
    
    b. Character Classes
    -----------------------
    
    FFL3             SaGa3                 Trans
    ----             ------                -----
    
    Human            Ningen                Human
    
    Mutant           ESUPAA                Esper
    
    Beast            Jyuujin               Therianthrope
    
    Monster          MONSUTAA              Monster
    
    Cyborg           SAIBOOGU              Cyborg
    
    Robot            ROBOTTO               Robot
    
    
    c. Places
    ----------------
    
    FFL3             SaGa3                 Trans
    ----             ------                -----
    
    Dharm            DAAMU                 Dharm
    
    Elan             IREMU                 Irem/Ilem
    
    Lae              REI                   Lei
    
    Muu              MUU                   Muu
    
    Viper            BAIPAA                Viper
    
    Floatland        Fuyuu Tairiku         Floating Continent
    
    [Floatland Town] YADISU                Yadis [plac1]
    
    [Eitar's Towm]   HAAMITTO              Hermit [plac1]
    
    Darius           DARIUSU               Darius
    
    Knaya            KINAIA                Knaya
    
    Mt. Hasid        HASHIDO Yama          Hasid Mountain
    
    Talonsburg       SUTESUROSU no Chou    Steslos Town
    
    Zhakal           ZAKARION              Zakarion
    
    Cirrus           KURAUDO               Cloud
    
    Porle            POOTORU               Portal
    
    Donmac           KOMANDO no Chou       Commando Town [plac1]
    
    Mt. Goht         GOOTO Yama            Goht Mountain
    
    
    [plac1]: These 3 names are not mentioned in-game but are used on a number
    of Japanese sites, leading me to believe they're official. It's possible
    that they're used on the Japanese version's in-box game map, though I
    can't confirm this.
    
    
    d. Items
    ------------
    
    FFL3             SaGa 3                Trans
    -----            ------                ------
    
    Cure1            Kizugusuri            Salve
    
    Cure2            POOSHON               Potion
    
    Cure3            H POOSHON             H(i) Potion
    
    Soft             Kin no Hari           Gold Needle
    
    Throat           Nodoame               Lozenge
    
    Eyedrop          Megusuri              Eyedrop
    
    Antedot          Gedokuzai             Antidote
    
    Relax            Gin no Hari           Silver Needle
    
    Awake            KOOFII                Coffee
    
    Relax            Tonkachi              Hammer
    
    Elixir           ERIKUSAA              Elixer
    
    Tent             KOTEEJI               Cottage
    
    [None]           DOA                   Door [item1]
    
    Magic            Maryoku no Mi         Magic Seed
    
    Attack Pill      Kougeki P             Attack P(ill)
    
    Defense Pill     Bougyo P              Defense P(ill)
    
    Speed Pill       Subayasa P            Speed P(ill)
    
    Earth Stone      Daichi no Ishi        Earth Stone
    
    Water Stone      Mizu no Ishi          Water Stone
    
    Fire Stone       Honoo no Ishi         Flame Stone
    
    Air Stone        Kaze no Ishi          Wind Stone
    
    Dark Stone       Yami no Ishi          Darkness Stone
    
    Light Stone      Hikari no Ishi        Light Stone
    
    Radar            REEDAA                Radar
    
    Remote           RIMOKON               Remote Control
    
    Rocket           ROKETTOBERUTO         Rocket Belt
    
    Radio            Tsuushinki            Communicator
    
    Tower Key        Tou no Kagi           Tower Key
    
    Chaos Key        KAOS no Kagi          Chaos Key
    
    Ifram Seed       IFURAMU no Tane       Ifram Seed
    
    [None]           Aikotoba              Password [item1]
    
    Tablet           Mamono no Mukuro      Monster Corpse [item2]
    
    [None]           Ijigen KEESU          Another Dimension Case
    
    Katana           Tsurugi               Sword [item3]
    
    Emblem           Magatama              Magatama [item3]
    
    Crystal          Kagami                Mirror [item3]
    
    Metal            Chougoukin            Super Alloy [item4]
    
    Oil              Seinaru OIRU          Sacrifying Oil
    
    Catnip           Matatabi              Catnip
    
    [None]           PUROTONIUMU           Plutonium
    
    
    [item1]: These are all dummy items that were removed completely from
    the NA version. Even if you hack them into your inventory, they have no
    purpose.
    
    [item2]: Since Sharl has to study this item in order to break the Gods'
    hold over the people from the Other Dimension, my best guess is that
    he would do a necropsy of sorts to figure out how the Gods' magic works.
    Skygor_II suggests this might be a reference to Lovecraft's Necronomicon.
    In the NA version, he was just "uncursing a tablet".
    
    [item3]: The "Sword" (Ame no Murakumo), the "Mirror" (Mizu no Kagami), and
    the "Magatama" (a colon-shaped jewel) are Japan's Three Imperial Treasures.
    
    [item4]: The "Super Alloy" is a fictitious metal that first appeared in the
    "Mazinger Z" comic. It was later adopted for a line of die-cast metal robot
    toys in Japan.
    
    
    e. Units
    ----------
    
    FFL3             SaGa3                Trans
    -----            -----                ------
    
    Past             Kako WAAPU           Past Warp
    
    Future           Mirai WAAPU          Future Warp
    
    X-Plane          Jikuu WAAPU          Space-Time Warp
    
    Rover            Kudou ENJIN          Drive Engine
    
    Hover            HOBAAENJIN           Hover Engine
    
    Soar             Hikou ENJIN          Flight Engine
    
    Flushex          Jouka MASHIN         Purification Machine
    
    Berth            KAPUSERUHOTERU       Capsule Hotel
    
    Shield           SUTERUSUBARIA        Stealth Barrier
    
    Cannon           Hadou Hou            Wave Cannon
    
    Missile          MEEZAA Hou           Maser Cannon
    
    Laser            TAKION Hou           Tachyon Cannon
    
    E-Ray            MEBIUSU Hou          Moebius Cannon
    
    [None]           WAAPU2               Warp 2
    
    
    f. Weapons
    ------------
    
    FFL3             SaGa3                Trans
    -----            ------               -----
    
    Long Sword       RONGUSOODO           Long Sword
    
    Battle Sword     Seiryuu Tou          Seiryuu Sword
    
    Silver Sword     Katana               Katana
    
    Gold Sword       MISURIRUSOODO        Mithril Sword
    
    Laser Sword      RAITOSEEBAA          Lightsaber
    
    Psi Sword        SAIKOSOODO           Psycho Sword
    
    Defence Sword    DIFENDAA             Defender
    
    Drain Sword      BURADDOSOODO         Blood Sword
    
    Emperor Sword    Kusanagi no Ken      Kusanagi Sword [weap1]
    
    Xcalibr          EKUSUKARIBAA         Excalibur
    
    Durend           SOROMONSOODO         Solomon Sword [weap2]
    
    Masmune          Masamune             Masamune
    
    Muramas          MURAMASA             Muramasa
    
    X-Plane Sword    Jikuu no Tsurugi     Space-Time Sword
    
    Dragon Sword     DORAGONSOODO         Dragon Sword
    
    Sun Sword        Haja no Tsurugi      Haja Sword [weap3]
    
    Adamant Knife    ORIHARUKON           Orichalcum
    
    Psi Knife        SAIKODAGAA           Psycho Dagger
    
    Iron Nunchucks   NUNCHAKU             Nunchaku
    
    Gold Nunchucks   Sansetsukon          Three-Part Staff
    
    Rune Axe         Masakari             Broadaxe
    
    Tomhawk          TOMAHOOKU            Tomahawk
    
    Battle Axe       BATORUAKUSU          Battle Axe
    
    Para Axe         GIROCHINAKUSU        Guillotine Axe
    
    CatClaw          NEKO no Tsume        Cat Claw
    
    Poison Claw      FUREDI no Tsume      Freddy's Claw [weap4]
    
    Petrify Hammer   Gennou               Bushhammer
    
    Gungnir Spear    GUNGUNIRU            Gungnir
    
    White Spear      HORIIRANSU           Holy Lance
    
    Thunder Staff    Ikadzuchi no Tsue    Thunder Staff
    
    X-Plane Staff    Jikuu no Tsue        Space-Time Staff
    
    Gold Staff       MISURIRUROODO        Mithril Rod
    
    Bronze Staff     BURONZUROODO         Bronze Rod
    
    Fire Staff       Madoushi no Tsue     Wizard's Staff
    
    Fast Staff       Shakujou             Khakkhara [weap5]
    
    X-Fire Staff     Kenja no Tsue        Sage's Staff
    
    Wall Staff       MEBIUS no Tsue       Moebius Staff
    
    Razor Whip       2maiba               2-Blade
    
    B-Jack           Harisen              Harisen [weap6]
    
    Blitz Whip       Dengeki MUCHI        Electric Shock Whip
    
    Saw              CHEENSOO             Chainsaw
    
    Boomrng          BUUMERAN             Boomerang
    
    Ninja Boomerang  Shuriken             Shuriken
    
    Poison Gun       BACHIRUSUGAN         Baccilus Gun
    
    Magnum           44MAGUNAMU           .44 Magnum
    
    SMG              SABUMASHINGAN        Submachine Gun
    
    Laser Gun        BIIMURAIFURU         Beam Rifle
    
    Psi Gun          SAIKOGAN             Psycho Gun
    
    Fire             Kaenhoushaka         Flamethrower
    
    Punch            Karate CHOPPU        Karate Chop
    
    Kick             DOROPPUKIKKU         Drop Kick
    
    Headbut          Enzuigiri            Enzuigiri [weap7]
    
    X-Kick           AKUSUBONBAA          Axe Bomber [weap7]
    
    Smother          KOBURATUISUTO        Cobra Twist [weap7]
    
    Kneebut          BURENBASUTAA         Brain Buster [weap7]
    
    Jyudo            PAIRUDORAIBA         Piledriver
    
    Karate           Manji Gatame         Manji Hold [weap7]
    
    Long Bow         Yumi                 Bow
    
    Gold Bow         MISURIRU no Yumi     Mithril Bow
    
    Elven Bow        KUROSUBOU            Crossbow
    
    Samurai Bow      Yoichi no Yumi       Yoichi's Bow
    
    TearGas          Sairui GASU          Tear Gas
    
    Star             Shoumeidan           Flare
    
    Nuke             Kakubakudan          Nuclear Bomb
    
    TNT              DAINAMAITO           Dynamite
    
    Grenade          Shuryuudan           Hand Grenade
    
    ATM              BAZUUKA              Bazooka
    
    Missile          ROKETTO Hou          Rocket Cannon
    
    Vulkan           BARUKAN Hou          Vulcan Cannon
    
    Napalm           Kaen BIN             Molotov Cocktail
    
    
    
    [weap1]: The Kusanagi Sword was a sword found in the fourth tail of the
    Yamata no Orochi after it was slain by Susanoo. Originally called the "Ame
    no Murakumo" (incidentally, the full name of the "Sword" used to forge this
    weapon in SaGa 3), it is one of Japan's Imperial Treasures.
    
    [weap2]: Durend is short for Durendal, a sword that once belonged
    to Hector of Troy. It was later given to Roland, a paladin of Charlemagne.
    Solomon's Sword is likely a reference to the Hebrew king.
    
    [weap3]: "Haja" is the Buddhist concept of destroying evil and spreading
    truth.
    
    [weap4]: Certainly a reference to Freddy Krueger.
    
    [weap5]: A Khakkhara is a ringed staff used by Buddhist monks. The jingling
    of its rings is meant to scare away dangerous animals or to alert others
    that there is a monk nearby. It can also be used as a weapon.
    
    [weap6]: A harisen is a folding paper fan used as a slapstick in Japanese
    comedy. B-Jack is short for Blackjack, an easily concealed leather club for
    self-defense.
    
    [weap7]: Most of the techniques are named after professional wrestling
    moves.
    
            -Enzuigiri: Generally, any strike to the back of the head.
    
            -Axe Bomber: A crooked-arm clothesline.
    
            -Cobra Twist: Also called the Cobra Clutch or Abdominal Stretch,
    a certain type of submission hold.
    
            -Brain Buster: A type of vertical suplex that lands the opponent on
    their head.
    
            -Manji Hold: Another type of submission hold in which the user
    stretches out the opponent's right arm with both hands.
    
    
    g. Spells
    -----------
    
    Note: Many of the spells in the Japanese version use Final Fantasy spell-
    name conventions. I've used the familiar, localized FF names for
    clarity; Firaga for example would be directly translated as "Figa",
    and Esuna should really be "S-na" (-na in FF games tends to indicate that
    it heals that status, and since Esuna heals everything, it would be
    status-na). I just stuck with the familiar names to keep things simple.
    
    
    FFL3              SaGa3               Trans
    ----              -----               -----
    
    Cure1             KEARU               Cure
    
    Shell             PUROTESU            Protect
    
    Aero              ARO                 Aero
    
    Spark             SUPAAKU             Spark
    
    Cure2             KEARURA             Cura
    
    Conf              BUREIN              Brain
    
    Quake             KUEIKU              Quake
    
    Stone             SUTOON              Stone
    
    Cure3             KEARUGA             Curaga
    
    Fast              HEISUTO             Haste
    
    Weak              TORUNEDO            Tornado
    
    Heal              ESUNA               Esuna
    
    Life              REIZU               Raise
    
    Wall              RIFUREKU            Reflect
    
    Magma             MAGUMA              Magma
    
    White             HOORII              Holy
    
    Ice 1             BURIZADO            Blizzard
    
    Sleep             SURIPURU            Sleepel
    
    Fire 1            FAIA                Fire
    
    Venom             POIZUN              Poison
    
    Lit 1             SANDAA              Thunder
    
    Para              PARADI              Paradi
    
    Ice 2             BURIZAGA            Blizzaga
    
    Mute              SAIRESU             Silence
    
    Fire 2            FAIGA               Firaga
    
    Erase             IREESU              Erase
    
    Lit 2             SANDAGA             Thundaga
    
    Exit              TEREPO              Teleport
    
    Virus             BAIO                Bio
    
    Drain             DOREIN              Drain
    
    Nuke              FUREA               Flare
    
    Fatal             DESU                Death
    
    Dive              SAMON               Samon
    
    Float             MUON                Muon
    
    Pure              HYUPUNO             Hypno
    
    CureA             HIIRU               Heal
    
    Flood             HARIKEN             Hurricane
    
    Morph             METAMORU            Metamor
    
    CureB             HIIRAA              Heala
    
    Wind              TAKION              Tachyon
    
    FireX             OORA                Aura
    
    Cycle             DAMIAN              Damian
    
    Shake             METEO               Meteor
    
    LifeA             KAOSU               Chaos
    
    Exit2             DOGURA              Dogra
    
    Lit X             MEZA                Maser
    
    LifeB             MIROKU              Maitreya
    
    Flare             ASHURA              Ashura
    
    
    h. Armor
    ---------
    
    FFL3              SaGa3               Trans
    -----             -----               -----
    
    Bronze Shield     BURONZU no Tate     Bronze Shield
    
    Silver Shield     GOORUDO no Tate     Gold Shield
    
    Gold Shield       MISURIRU no Tate    Mithril Shield
    
    Speed Shield      MEBIUS no Tate      Moebius Shield
    
    X-Plane Shield    Jikuu no Tate       Space-Time Shield
    
    Dragon Shield     DAIYA no Tate       Diamond Shield
    
    Fire Shield       Honoo no Tate       Flame Shield
    
    Ice Shield        AISUSHIIRUDO        Ice Shield
    
    Diamond Shield    DORAGON no Tate     Dragon Shield
    
    Mirror Shield     MIRAASHIIRUDO       Mirror Shield
    
    Samurai Shield    Genji no Tate       Genji's Shield
    
    Aegis Shield      IIJISU no Tate      Aegis Shield
    
    Bronze Helmet     BURONZU Kabuto      Bronze Helmet
    
    Silver Helmet     GOORUDO Kabuto      Gold Helmet
    
    Gold Helmet       MISURIRU Kabuto     Mithril Helmet
    
    Leather Helmet    Kawa no Boushi      Leather Hat
    
    X-Plane Helmet    Jikuu no Kabuto     Space-Time Helmet
    
    Dragon Helmet     DAIYA no Kabuto     Diamond Helmet
    
    Speed Helmet      SAIBAAHERUMU        Cyber Helm
    
    SandMan Helmet    BEREE Bou           Beret Hat
    
    Diamond Helmet    DORAGONHERUMU       Dragon Helm
    
    Mirror Helmet     MIRAAHERUMU         Mirror Helm
    
    Samurai Helmet    Genji no Kabuto     Genji's Helmet
    
    Hecate Helmet     MEBIUSUMASUKU       Moebius Mask
    
    Leather Armor     REZAAAMAA           Leather Armor
    
    Bronze Armor      BURONZUMEIRU        Bronze Mail
    
    Silver Armor      GOORUDOMEIRU        Gold Mail
    
    Gold Armor        MISURIRUMEIRU       Mithril Mail
    
    Psi Armor         SAIKOAAMAA          Psycho Armor
    
    Fur Armor         MINKU no KOOTO      Mink Coat
    
    Speed Armor       SAIBAASUUTSU        Cyber Suit
    
    Battle Armor      BATORUSUUTSU        Battle Suit
    
    Mage Armor        Madoushi no Fuku    Wizard's Clothes
    
    Dragon Armor      DAIYAMEIRU          Diamond Mail
    
    Diamond Armor     DORAGONMEIRU        Dragon Mail
    
    Mirror Armor      MIRAAAMAA           Mirror Armor
    
    Wizard Armor      Kenja no Fuku       Sage's Clothes
    
    Samurai Armor     Genji no Yoroi      Genji's Armor
    
    Power Armor       PAWAADOSUUTSU       Powered Suit
    
    Light Armor       MEBIUS no Fuku      Moebius Clothes
    
    Leather Glove     Kawa no Kote        Leather Gauntlet
    
    Iron Glove        GANTORETTO          Gauntlet
    
    Silver Glove      GOORUDO no Kote     Gold Gauntlet
    
    Gold Glove        MISURIRU Udewa      Mithril Bracelet
    
    Bronze Glove      BURONZU no Kote     Bronze Gauntlet
    
    Dragon Glove      DAIYA no Kote       Diamond Gauntlet
    
    Diamond Glove     DORAGONRISUTO       Dragon Wrist
    
    Mirror Glove      MIRAAGUROOBU        Mirror Glove
    
    Samurai Glove     Genji no Kote       Genji's Gauntlet
    
    Power Glove       MEBIUSU no Kote     Moebius Gauntlet
    
    Leather Boots     SUNIIKAA            Sneaker
    
    Iron Boots        METARUBUUTSU        Metal Boots
    
    Gold Boots        MISURIRU no Kutsu   Mithril Shoes
    
    Bronze Boots      BURONZU no Kutsu    Bronze Shoes
    
    Speed Boots       Koumei no Kutsu     Kong Ming's Shoes [arm1]
    
    Dragon Boots      DAIYA no Geta       Diamond Geta
    
    Geta Boots        SAIBAABUUTSU        Cyber Boots
    
    Diamond Boots     DORAGONBUUTSU       Dragon Boots
    
    Hecate Boots      MIRAABUUTSU         Mirror Boots
    
    Hermes Boots      MEBIUSU no Kutsu    Moebius Shoes
    
    Scarf             SAAKURETTO          Circlet
    
    Ribbon            RIBON               Ribbon
    
    Bangle            ONIKUSURINGU        Onyx Ring
    
    Armlet            Dokuro no Yubiwa    Skull Ring
    
    Belt              BANDANA             Bandanna
    
    Pendant           PENDANTO            Pendant
    
    Plume             KOSAAJU             Corsage
    
    Brooch            BUROOCHI            Brooch
    
    Earring           PIASU               Earring
    
    Shades            SANGURASU           Sunglasses
    
    Cool              Taika MANTO         Fireproof Cape
    
    Warm              Boukan MANTO        Arctic Cape
    
    
    
    [arm1]: AKA Zhuge Liang, Kong Ming was another figure from the Three
    Kingdoms period. Folklore associates him with Taoism-based magic powers,
    such as summoning the wind. He is roughly analagous to Merlin.
    [Credit: Alex Jackson & Niahak]
    
    
    i. Monsters
    ------------
    
    FFL3              SaGa 3               Trans
    ----              ------               -----
    
    Fungus            WARAIDAKE            Poisonous Mushroom
    
    Mushroom          ASHIDOMASSHU         Acid Mush
    
    Starfish          Doku Hitode          Poison Starfish
    
    Pentagon          PENTAGON             Pentagon
    
    F-Drake           Hi TOKAGE            Fire Lizard
    
    F-Liz.            BARUKAN              Vulcan
    
    Salamand          SARAMANDAA           Salamander
    
    Raven             SHISOCHOU            Archeoptryx
    
    Amprex            SHIIMURUGU           Shimurgh
    
    Griffon           GURIFON              Griffin
    
    Worm              Imomushi             Caterpillar
    
    LandWorm          RANDOUOOMU           Land Worm
    
    GigaWorm          KINGUUOOMU           King Worm
    
    Turtle            Umigame              Sea Turtle
    
    Adamant           ADAMANTAIMAI         Adamant Shell
    
    Igasaur           AAKERON              Acheron [mons1]
    
    Wisper            Onibi                Will O'Wisp
    
    Fireball          HERUUISUPU           Hell Wisp
    
    Big Eye           Oomedama             Big Eye
    
    Evil Eye          IIBURUAI             Evil Eye
    
    BlackCat          Bakeneko             Bakeneko [mons2]
    
    MummyCat          MAMIIKYATTO          Mummy Cat
    
    Squid             YARIIKA              Spear Squid
    
    Amoeba            BEREMUNAITO          Belemnite
    
    Tire              Hi no Kuruma         Fire Wheel
    
    Wheel             Unmei no Wa          Wheel of Fortune
    
    FireFan           Enma Guruma          Devil Wheel
    
    BabyWyrm          YOKURYUU             Pterosaur
    
    Wyrm Kid          RAMUFORINKUSU        Ramphoryncus
    
    Wyrm              PUTERANODON          Pteranodon
    
    Wolf              Teoi OOKAMI          Wounded Wolf
    
    GreyWolf          HAUNDODOGGU          Hound Dog
    
    Romulus           KERUBEROSU           Cerberus
    
    Ray               AbareEI              Rayge [mons3]
    
    DrainRay          BURADDOREI           Blood Ray
    
    BoltRay           BORUTOREI            Bolt Ray
    
    D. Bone           Kaseki Ryuu          Fossil Dragon
    
    D. Fossil         SUKARUREKKUSU        Skull Rex
    
    Typhoon           Kamaitachi           Kamaitachi [mons4]
    
    Tempest           HARIKEEN             Hurricane
    
    Scorpion          SASORI               Scorpion
    
    Hunter            DEZAATOHANTAA        Desert Hunter
    
    Angler            Shinkaigyo           Deep-Sea Fish
    
    BulbFish          DEBIRUANGURAA        Devil Angler
    
    DualMask          SHIROKURO Kamen      Black & White Mask
    
    EvilMask          DESUMASUKU           Death Mask
    
    Ghost             GOOSUTO              Ghost
    
    Specter           SUPEKUTAA            Specter
    
    Snake             Daija                Serpent
    
    Serpent           YAMATANOOROCHI       Yamata no Orochi [mons5]
    
    Hydra             HIDORA               Hydra
    
    Octopus           Odori DAKO           Dancing Octopus
    
    Ammonite          Oumugai              Nautilus
    
    Kraken            KURAAKEN             Kraken
    
    Baby-D            DORAGONPAPII         Dragon Puppy
    
    Young-D           SHIISAAPENTO         Sea Serpent
    
    Sei-Ryu           BURAKKUDORAGON       Black Dragon
    
    Gargoyle          GAAGOIRU             Gargoyle
    
    Remora            BURADDOSAKAA         Bloodsucker
    
    Garuda            PAZUZU               Pazuzu
    
    Silver            KUREEJIIHOOSU        Crazy Horse
    
    Kelpie            SUTARION             Stallion
    
    Mustang           MUSUTANGU            Mustang
    
    Centaur           KENTAUROSU           Centaur
    
    Nitemare          NAITOMEA             Nightmare
    
    Orc-Orc           PIGGUMAN             Pig Man
    
    Mad Boar          OOKU                 Orc
    
    Pirate            PAIREETSU            Pirate
    
    Werepig           UOOPIGGU             War Pig
    
    Viking            BAIKINGU             Viking
    
    Diviner           JIPUSHII             Gypsy
    
    Broomer           Uranai Obaba         Divining Granny
    
    Witch             UICCHI               Witch
    
    Magician          NEKUROMANSAA         Necromancer
    
    Wizard            UIZAADO              Wizard
    
    Sprite            BATAFURAI            Butterfly
    
    Nymph             NINFU                Nymph
    
    Fairy             FEARII               Faery
    
    Pixie             PIKUSHII             Pixie
    
    Sylph             SHIRUFU              Sylph
    
    Medusa            HEBI Onna            Snake Woman
    
    Lamia             RAMIA                Lamia
    
    Naga              EKIDONA              Echidna
    
    Scylla            MEDYUUSA             Medusa
    
    Echidna           NAAGA                Naga
    
    Fish Man          Hangyojin            Merman
    
    Merman            MAAMAN               Merman
    
    Nix               NIKUSU               Nix
    
    Selkie            SERUKII              Selkie
    
    Gill Man          OANNESU              Oannes
    
    Watcher           Kanrinin             Manager
    
    Hermit            Kakure Sennin        Hermit [mons6]
    
    Mage              MEIJI                Mage
    
    Sorceror          SOOSARAA             Sorcerer
    
    Warlock           WAAROKKU             Warlock
    
    Thanos            TAKA Musume          Hawkgirl
    
    Soarx             HAAPII               Harpy
    
    Siren             SEIREEN              Siren
    
    Succubus          SAKKYUBASU           Succubus
    
    Sphinx            SUFINKUSU            Sphinx
    
    Fighter           TOKAGE Heishi        Lizard Soldier
    
    Warrior           RIZAADOMAN           Lizard Man
    
    Liz Man           RIZAADONAITO         Lizard Knight
    
    Liz Duke          RIZAADOPURINSU       Lizard Prince
    
    Liz King          RIZAADOKINGU         Lizard King
    
    SeaMonk           Umibouzu             Sea Monster
    
    SaltMonk          SHIIMONKU            Sea Monk
    
    Brooder           ROONMASUTAA          Lone Master
    
    Big Head          SHIIBISHOPPU         Sea Bishop
    
    Dagon             DAGON                Dagon
    
    Thoth             TOOTO                Thoth
    
    Horus             KUNUMU               Khnum
    
    Familiar          REONARUDO            Leonardo
    
    Fiend             SARUGATANASU         Sargatanas [mons7]
    
    Osiris            OSHIRISU             Osiris
    
    Set               SETO                 Set
    
    Loki              KUROURII             Crowley [mons8]
    
    Mephisto          MEFISUTO             Mephisto
    
    Anubis            ANUBISU              Anubis
    
    Aeshma            RUKIFERU             Lucifer
    
    Hooligan          Touzoku              Thief
    
    Thief             CHINPIRA             Hoodlum
    
    Burgler           GUREIBUSHIIFU        Grave Thief
    
    Brigand           Shishigashira        Lion Mask
    
    Outlaw            KABUKIMONO           Kabukimono [mons9]
    
    Quacky            Yabuisha             Quack
    
    Stranger          Kirisaki Otoko       Cut-Loving Man
    
    Imposter          INTAAN               Intern
    
    LoonyGuy          OPERANNAA            Operanna
    
    Cracker           MADDODOKUTAA         Mad Doctor
    
    Soldier           Mihari Hei           Lookout Soldier
    
    Terrorist         SORUJAA              Soldier
    
    Commando          KOMANDO              Commando
    
    HiredGun          TERORISUTO           Terrorist
    
    SS                GASUMASUKU           Gas Mask
    
    Ronin             Hagure Bouzu         Stray Priest
    
    Samurai           Komusou              Komusou [mons10]
    
    Hatamoto          Onmitsu              Spy
    
    Daimyo            KIRAAMONKU           Killer Monk
    
    Shogun            ZENPURIISUTO         Zen Priest
    
    Talker            Kangofu              Nurse
    
    Busybody          SUKEBAN              Sukeban [mons11]
    
    Rumorer           Hakui no Tenshi      (Doctor's) Gown Angel
    
    Tattler           KARUTEKUIIN          Karte Queen
    
    Virago            MADDONAASU           Mad Nurse
    
    Headless          DYUUKU               Duke
    
    Duke              BUROKKEN             Brocken [mons12]
    
    Dullahan          DYURAHAN             Dullahan
    
    Brain             HAIPAABUREIN         Hyper Brain
    
    Removed           NOOMAJIIN            Norma Jean
    
    Orb Rat           MAUSU                Mouse
    
    Tomtom            JIIJO                Gigio [mons13]
    
    Jerrit            JERII                Jerry [mons13]
    
    Maitie            MAITII               Mighty [mons13]
    
    Spectrat          MIKKII               Mickey [mons13]
    
    Flower            BIIMUFURAWAA         Beam Flower
    
    Cosmos            AMMUDOKOSUMOSU       Armored Cosmos
    
    IronRose          AIANROOZU            Iron Rose
    
    Reaper            SAIBAARIIPAA         Cyber Reaper
    
    Cactus            KAKUTASU             Cactus
    
    Guard             SUPAIDAA             Spider
    
    Keeper            UOCCHAA              Watcher
    
    Monitor           ZUUMU                Zoom
    
    Searcher          SEKYURITII           Security
    
    Alert             FOOKASU              Focus
    
    Bazooka           Oodzutsu             Cannon
    
    75mm              Taamayaa             Tamaya [mons14]
    
    105mm             TSUINHEDDO           Twin Head
    
    150mm             DABURURANCHAA        Double Launcher
    
    210mm             KYANONHEDDO          Cannon Head
    
    Trixter           CHINDON              Chindon [mons15]
    
    Con Man           PIERO                Clown (Fr.)
    
    Beguiler          JOOKAA               Joker
    
    Swindler          Kuidaore             Kuidaore [mons16]
    
    Hustler           Yoshimoto            Yoshimoto [mons17]
    
    AirMaid           NIKE                 Nike
    
    IronLady          AFURODAI             Aphrodite
    
    Valkyrie          BARUKIRII            Valkyrie
    
    Iken              SHIRUBAAMEIDEN       Silver Maiden
    
    Venus             TORANSUREDI          Trance Lady
    
    WaterHag          SAHAGIN              Sahagin
    
    Dwelg             MOZUMA               Mozuma [mons18]
    
    Jorgandr          YORUMUNGANDO         Jormungand
    
    Ashura            ASHURA               Ashura
    
    Dogra             DOGURA               Dogra [mons18]
    
    Chaos             KAOSU                Chaos
    
    Maitreya          MIROKU               Maitreya
    
    Fenrir            FENRIRU              Fenrir
    
    Guha              BERIARU              Belial
    
    Dahak             PAGOSU               Pagos [mons18]
    
    Agron             BORUBOKKU            Volvokk [mons18]
    
    Ballor            TIIRU                Tyr
    
    Sol               SOORU                Sol
    
    Xagor             RAGUNA               Raguna [mons19]
    
    
    
    [mons1]: Acheron is one of the five rivers in Hades in Greek mythology.
    
    [mons2]: Bakeneko, lit. "Ghost Cat", is a prominent creature in Japanese
    myth. It is generally a cat with supernatural abilities. A cat can become
    a Bakeneko either by living a long time, growing to a certain size, or being
    allowed to keep its long tail.
    
    [mons3]: AbarEI is a pun; "Abarekurou" is to rage, while "Rei" means "Ray".
    I thought "Rayge" would be the closest way to capture the intent of the
    original.
    
    [mons4]: Kamaitachi is a spirit in Japanese mythology depicted as three
    weasels with razor-sharp claws riding on a gust of wind, whirling about
    and cutting unsuspecting victims' legs.
    
    [mons5]: Yamata no Orochi is an eight-headed serpent in Japanese mythology,
    slain by Susanoo.
    
    [mons6]: Hermit basically works; the original translates to "Hidden Sennin",
    "Sennin" being an immortal Taoist mountain wizard.
    
    [mons7]: A Sargatanas demon is a brigadier major of Hell.
    
    [Mons8]: Probably a reference to Aleister Crowley, a famed English occultist
    writer.
    
    [mons9]: A kabukimono is the early 17th-century equivalent of the modern
    Yakuza. They were Edo-period eccentrics who gained the public's attention
    with their flashy clothes, unusual hairstyles, and weird behavior.
    
    [mons10]: A komusou is a begging Zen priest of the Fuke sect.
    
    [mons11]: A sukeban is the leader of a female gang/group of delinquent
    girls.
    
    [mons12]: Brocken (and its enemy sprite) is based on Count Brocken from
    the comic Mazinger Z. [Credit: Zoogelio]
    
    [mons13]: Most of the mouse-type monsters are named after animated mice:
    
              -Gigio: Apparently a cartoon mouse in Japan; all I have to go on
    is a DVD cover I found via Google image search.
    
              -Jerry: From Tom and Jerry.
    
              -Mighty: Mighty Mouse.
    
              -Mickey: Mickey Mouse.
    
    
    [mons14]: Tamaya is a Japanese fireworks company dating back to the Edo
    period. It is customary even today to shout "Tamaya" during a fireworks
    show.
    
    [mons15]: Chindon is a traditional Japanese marching band of sandwich board
    advertisers.
    
    [mons16]: Kuiadore is a mechanical drum-playing clown that stood outside
    the now-defunct Kuiadore restaurant in Osaka.
    
    [mons17]: Yoshimoto is a Japanese comedy corporation.
    
    [mons18]: The names of several Gods/Masters appear to be references to
    monsters from Japanese TV series. [Credit: Zoogelio]
    
             -Dogra: Actually from a 1935 surrealist novel.
    
             -Mozuma: Henshin Ninja Arashi
    
             -Pagos: Ultra Q
    
             -Volvok: A 70's series whose name is often garbled by translators?
    
    
    [mons19]: The All Sounds of SaGa OST translates the final boss' name as
    Laguna; I've translated it as Raguna because a connection to the Norse
    "Ragnarok" is more likely.
    
    
    j. Talents
    -----------
    
    FFL3            SaGa 3                Trans
    -----           ------                -----
    
    Nail            Tsume                 Claw/Nail
    
    Tusk            Kiba                  Fang/Tusk
    
    Tongue          Shita                 Tongue
    
    Horn            Tsuno                 Horn
    
    Beak            Kuchibashi            Beak
    
    Tail            Shippo                Tail
    
    Fin             Hire                  Fin
    
    Tentacle        Shokushu              Tentacle
    
    Acid            Ensaneki              Hydrochloric Fluid
    
    Sunburst        SANBAASUTO            Sunburst
    
    D-Beam          Satsujin BIIMU        Killer Beam
    
    P-Blast         SAIKOBURASUTO         Psycho Blast
    
    Rocket          ROKETTOPANCHI         Rocket Punch
    
    Drill           PAWAADORIRU           Power Drill
    
    Slicer          MEGAKATTAA            Mega Cutter
    
    SpinCut         SUPINBUREEDO          Spin Blade
    
    Laser           RINGUREEZA            Ring Laser
    
    Beam            Hakai Kousen          Destruction Beam
    
    Punch           PANCHI                Punch
    
    Kick            KIKKU                 Kick
    
    Upper           APPAA                 Upper
    
    Stab            Tsuki                 Stab
    
    Headbut         Zutsuki               Headbutt
    
    WindUp          Makitsuki             Entwine
    
    Crash           Noshikakaru           Body Press
    
    Bash            Taiatari              Body Blow/Ramming
    
    Dive            Kyuukouka             Dive
    
    Breath          Hanaiki               Nasal Breath/Snort
    
    Bite            Kamitsuki             Bite
    
    Sneer           Buki Minawari         Eerie Smile
    
    Dispel          Joubutsu              Rest in Peace
    
    Scream          HISUTERII             Hysteria
    
    Knife           Shujutsu              Surgery
    
    Dash            BODIATTAKKU           Body Attack
    
    LowKick         JETTOKIKKU            Jet Kick
    
    Drop            SUKAIATAKKU           Sky Attack
    
    Freeze          AISUBURESU            Ice Breath
    
    Dance           Koroshino no DANSU    Murder Dance
    
    Tromp           PACHIPACHIPANCHI      Pop-Pop Punch
    
    W-Attack        2kai Kougeki          Double Attack
    
    2-Sword         2tou Ryuu             2 Sword Style
    
    2X-Kick         DABURUKIKKU           Double Kick
    
    2-Tusks         2hon no Kiba          2 Fangs
    
    3-Heads         3tsu no Atama         3 Heads
    
    4-Heads         4tsu no Kubi          4 Heads
    
    6-Arms          6pon no Ude           6 Punch Arms
    
    8-Legs          Shokushu8             8 Tentacles
    
    Twice           2renpatsu             2 Rapid Fire
    
    6times          6renpatsu             6 Rapid Fire
    
    Quake           Jishin                Quake
    
    Squirt          Mizu Deppou           Squirt Gun
    
    Frost           Reiki                 Cold Air
    
    Whirl           Uzushio               Whirling Tides
    
    Flame           Honoo                 Flame
    
    Burning         Sawaru to Yakedo      Touch and Burn
    
    Glow            Honoo no Mai          Flame Dance
    
    Storm           Tatsumaki             Tornado
    
    Cyclone         Daisenpuu             Great Whirlwind
    
    Thunder         Inazuma               Thunder
    
    Explode         Jibaku                Explode/Self-Destruct
    
    Barrier         MEBIUSUBARIA          Moebius Barrier
    
    Swallow         Nomikomu              Swallow
    
    Dk-Virus        Yami no UIRUSU        Dark virus
    
    Dk-Force        Yami no Hadou         Dark Wave/Energy
    
    Fluid           Kuroi Eneki           Black Fluid
    
    Touch           DOREINTACCHI          Drain Touch
    
    Dissolv         Tokasu                Melt/Dissolve
    
    Absorb          Chi wo Suu            Blood Suck
    
    Drain           DOREINAI              Drain Eye
    
    Remedy          Chiryou               Medical Treatment
    
    Remedy          Chuusa                Injection
    
    X-Powder        Shi no Kona           Death Powder
    
    X-Gaze          DESU Nirami           Death Gaze
    
    X-Flash         DESUFURASSHU          Death Flash
    
    X-Heat          Houshanou             Radioactivity
    
    StonSkin        Sawaru to Sekika      Touch and Stone
    
    StonGaze        Sekika Nirami         Stone Gaze
    
    StoneGas        Sekika GASU           Stone Gas
    
    Petrify         GYAGU Kousen          Gag Beam
    
    Mute            Chinmoku              Silence
    
    Silence         Jumon Fuuji           Spell Sealing
    
    Blind           Metsubushi            Blinder [skil1]
    
    Ink             Sumi                  Ink
    
    Flash           FURASSHUAI            Flash Eye
    
    Poison          Doku                  Poison
    
    Poison          Doku no Kona          Poison Powder
    
    P-Skin          Sawaru to Doku        Touch and Poison
    
    Gaze            Noroi no Me           Curse Eye
    
    CursSong        Noroi no Uta          Curse Song
    
    ParaSkin        Sawaru to MAHI        Touch and Paralysis
    
    ParaNail        MAHI Dzume            Paralysis Claw
    
    Gaze            MAHI Nirami           Paralysis Gaze
    
    Paralyze        Chouonpa              Ultrasonic Waves
    
    Lullaby         Komori Uta            Lullaby
    
    SpeepGas        Nemuri no Kona        Sleep Powder
    
    Hypnosis        Saiminjutsu           Hypnosis
    
    Sleep           ARUFAA Ha             Alpha Wave
    
    Decoy           Yuuwaku               Temptation/Seduction
    
    Riddle          Nazonazo              Riddle
    
    Charm           Nagashime             Flirtatious Glance
    
    Psych           Dengeki               Electric Shock
    
    Numb            Chikara wo Ubau       Power Snatch
    
    Stench          Akushuu               Stench
    
    Sand            Suna Jigoku           Sand Hell
    
    Blitz           SANDAATASUKU          Thunder Task
    
    Soften          AIANNEIRU             Iron Nail
    
    Multiply        Zoushoku              Multiply
    
    Steal           Nusumu                Steal
    
    Avenge          Hangeki               Counterattack
    
    Counter         KAUNTAA               Counter
    
    Repair          MENTENANSU            Maintenance
    
    Selfix          Jokoshuufuku          Self-Repair
    
    
    [skil1]: I.e., something like sand thrown in the opponent's eyes to blind
    them.
    
    V. Closing Remarks
    -----------------------------
    
    Some links I found incredibly useful:
    
    http://www.solon.org/cgi-bin/j-e/
    
    Jeffrey's Japanese-English Dictionary Server: This is the best Japanese
    translation site I've come across on the web so far. I could not have done
    these translations without it.
    
    http://xb_lim.at.infoseek.co.jp/
    
    Pledge of Bahamut: A Japanese site providing a comparison of
    SaGa and FFL, for Japanese players who are curious about the English version.
    Its
    listings of the Japanese names made my job infinitely easier. There are also
    comparisons for the other two Gameboy SaGas and Seiken Densetsu/
    Final Fantasy Adventure.
    
    http://www.towerreversed.org/dump
    
    Text dumps of item/enemy names for all three Gameboy SaGas, allowing me to
    check my romanizations and provide quick lists for translation.
    
    Questions? Comments? Contributions? E-mail me: unlimited_justice@yahoo.com
    
    SaGa 3, Final Fantasy Legend III, and all related names are
    copyright 1991/1993 Squaresoft. This document is copyright 2009
    Frank Force, aka Gouki of Borg.