Sword of Vermilion(c) Sega, 1990

Save State Hacking Guide 
Copyright 2009 Carlos Eugenio

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   This guide is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike,
avaiable here http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/legalcode. 
Simplifying the legalese, that means that you are free to copy, print, 
distribute, and otherwise use this guide any way you want as long as you don't
violate the license i.e. give credit where it is due! :)
   Derivative works of this guide are allowed provided that you credit me for
the original work *AND* release it under this same license or other free, 
copyleft license compatible with Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike. If
you indeed produce a derivate, kindly inform me after it's done so I can enjoy
it too and maybe even improve this guide (you will be credited for it too of
course!)
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Version History
------------------------------------
2009 March 18: v. 1.0
        -First Version of this guide. AFAIK everything is fine.
2009 October 6: v. 1.1
        -Corrected my name in the beggining (not everyone uses ISO-8859-1 or
         Unicode after all)
        -Changed license terms, this work now licensed under a open license,
         check it out right above. 
        -Added some text here and there, hopefully improving the guide :)
------------------------------------

        This is a save state hacking guide for Sword of Vermillion, a classic 
Genesis RPG by Sega. Why I bothered writing this stuff for a game that has 
almost 20 years? Well... this game smells like my childhood, and I played it 
beginning to end many many times over the years. I wanted to play it again 
but... couldn't bear the thought of grinding for hours to level up & acquire 
money! (or kim in this case). So I did fiddle a little with a hexeditor, a 
diff tool, some save states and now I want to share it with you, my dear lazy
classic RPG gamer. Enjoy :)

PS: This guide won't teach you hex editing. There are plenty of other guides 
who'll teach you better than me.

PS2: I used Gens 2.15.5 for Linux as emulator, I think that the offsets are 
the same on Gens for Windows but since I can't and won't install that OS on my
machine I can only guess. Dunno if any of this will work on any other 
emulators too, mail me if it does so I can update this notice.

PS3: Use this guide with moderation! You can ruin your fun if you go overboard
and max out everything. In fact, I recommend that you beat the game first
without cheating, and in subsequent replays hexedit away.

And, before anyone bug me with annoying accusations, I played on a emulator
yes, but I DO OWN a copy of this game!

Well, on to the guide...



Index
1.0 Save state?
1.1 Stats offsets
1.2 Money
1.3 Experience
1.4 Magic
1.5 Items
1.6 Battle Gear
1.7 Lists
1.8 Thanks & contact info


1.0 Save state?
        Save state is a file with a snapshot of the game progress on a given
instant. More specifically, its the CPU & Memory data on a given instant. This
guide was made and tested on Gens for Linux as stated above, before the index.
The files you want to edit ends with the extension .gs* (where * goes from 0 
to 9). Open it on your favorite hex editor, hack away the values you want to
edit, load the save state on the emulator and voila!


1.1 Stats offsets
*All values must be between 0001 - 270F, else they overflow (i.e start over 
from zero again)

HP (current/max) 0xEAA4, 0xEAA5 / 0xEAA6, 0xEAA7 
MP (current/max) 0xEAAA, 0xEAAB / 0xEAA8, 0xEAA9
STR: 0xEAAC, 0xEAAD
AC:  0xEAAE, 0xEAAF
INT: 0xEAB0, 0xEAB1
DEX: 0xEAB2, 0xEAB3
LUK: 0xEAB4, 0xEAB5

1.2 Money
0xEA99, 0xEA9A, 0xEA9B 
Note: value is NOT hexadecimal, dunno why... Must be between 000000 - 999999

1.3 Experience
0xEA9D, 0xEA9E, 0xEA9F
Note: not hexadecimal, like the money offsets. Likewise, values must be 
between 000000 - 999999

1.4 Magic
Magic quantity: 0xE8DB, max value is 08.
        From this offset on begins the magics list. An magic is composed of two
bytes, the first a modifier and the second the magic value itself (refer to the
magics list for valid values). The modifier values which work are 00 (for field
magics), 02 (for battle magics not readied) and 82 (for readied battle magics).
BUT even if you change the modifier byte for a magic that isn't meant for 
combat and equip it, nothing happens - the same battle magic readied before it 
still applies when you enter in a battle.
        Note: if you go beyond the values the game accepts as valid magics, 
funny things occur sometimes.  For example, beyond the last acceptable value
(16 - Sanguios spell), weapons & other battle gear appear on the list (and 
some even work as field magic, healing you for free). And, further on, phrases
used by various salesmen on the game pop on! You can try them later just for 
some cheap laughs.

Funny overflow values
50-52 Maybe next time!
53-55 Thank you. 
56-58 Anything else for you today? 
59-5B Thank you for your business! 
5C Do you have anything to...
...got bored and did'nt went all the way to FF.

Be careful, using some of the bugged "spells" freeze the game sometimes :)

1.5 Items
Item quantity: 0xE8BB, max value is 08.
        From this offset on begins the item list. Like magics (explained in
1.4 Magics), an item is composed of two bytes, a modifier and the item value
itself (refer to the items list for valid values). BUT, for items, the modifier
seems to do nothing meaningful, mail me if you find out what they do!

1.6 Battle Gear
Battle gear quantity: 0xE8FB, max value is 08.
        Battle gear list follows the same rules of the Magics and Items list.
The modifier byte indicates where you can equip the item and it if is already
equipped. Valid modifier values are:
04 - Sword
08 - Shield
10 - Armor
84 - Equipped Sword
88 - Equipped Shield
90 - Equipped Armor

Refer to the Battle Gear lists for valid values for the second byte.

1.7 Lists
* = Cursed Item
        
Magic           Weapons                Shields               Armors 
00 Aero         00 Bronze Sword        14 Leather Shield     28 Leather Armor
01 Aerios       01 Iron Sword          15 Small Shield       29 Bronze Armor
02 Volti        02 Sharp Sword         16 Large Shield       2A Metal Armor
03 Voltio       03 Long Sword          17 Silver Shield      2B Scale Armor
04 Voltios      04 Silver Sword        18 Gold Shield        2C Plate Armor
05 Ferros       05 Prime Sword         19 Platinum Shield    2D Silver Armor
06 Copperos     06 Golden Sword        1A Gem Shield         2E Gold Armor
07 Mercurios    07 Mirage Sword        1B Sapphire Shield    2F Crystal Armor
08 Argentos     08 Platinum Sword      1C Diamond Shield     30 Emerald Armor
09 Hydro        09 Diamond Sword       1D Dragon Shield      31 Diamond Armor
0A Hydrios      0A Graphite Sword      1E Magic Shield       32 Knight Armor
0B Chrono       0B Royal Sword         1F Phantom Shield     33 Ultimate Armor
0C Chronios     0C Ultimate Sword      20 Grizzly Shield     34 Odin Armor
0D Terrafissi   0D Sword of Vermillion 21 Carmine Shield     35 Secret Armor
0E Aries        0E Dark Sword*         22 Royal Shield       36 Skeleton Armor
0F Extrios      0F Death Sword*        23 Poison Shield      37 Crimson Armor
10 Inaudios     10 Barbarian Sword     24 Knight Shield      38 Old Nick Armor*
11 Luminos      11 Critical Sword      25 Carmine Shield
12 Sangua       12 Dark Sword*         26 Carmine Shield
13 Sanguia      13 Dark Sword*         27 Carmine Shield
14 Sanguio        
15 Toxios        
16 Sanguios

Items                    Effect
00 Herbs                recover some HP
01 Candle               illuminate a dungeon for some time
02 Lantern              illuminate a dungeon, lasts while you don't leave it
03 Poison Balm          Removes poison status
04 Alarm Clock          Needed to wake dr. Basil
05 Vase                 Nothing (need to buy while in Malaga to forge the 
                              Sword of Vermillion)
06 Joke Book            Nothing (need to buy while in Malaga to forge the 
                              Sword of Vermillion)
07 Small Bomb           Nothing (need to buy while in Malaga to forge the 
                             Sword of Vermillion)
08 Old Woman's Sketch   Needed to find the Crimson Armor and the Dragon Shield
09 Old Man's Sketch     Needed to find the Crimson Armor and the Dragon Shield
0A Pass to Cartahena    Needed to get inside Cartahena
0B Truffle              Give to the king of Deepdale
0C Digot Plant          Needed if you get poisoned by Cartahenan spy
0D Treasure of Troy     Give to the fake king of Parma
0E White Crystal        Give to the king of Swaffham
0F Red Crystal          Give to the king of Swaffham
10 Blue Crystal         Give to the king of Swaffham
11 White Key            Opens the White Crystal cave
12 Red Key              Opens the Red Crystal cave
13 Blue Key             Opens the Blue Crystal cave
14 Crown                Give to Bruno
15 Sixteen Rings        Won't spoil this for ya ;)
16 Bronze Key           Last cave key
17 Silver Key           Last cave key
18 Gold Key             Last cave key 
19 Thule Key            Last cave key
1A Secret Key           Secret cave key
1B Medicine             recover some HP
1C Agate Jewel          recover some MP
1D Griffin Wing         Teleports you to last visited town
1E Titania's Mirror     Shows temporary map of uncharted lands
1F Gnome Stone          Teleports out of dungeons
20 Topaz Jewel          recover some MP
21 Banshee Powder       Kills you! but you don't lose any money
22 Rafael's Stick       Remove curses
23 Mirror of Atlas      Gives you ALL maps of the game
24 Ruby Brooch          Same as Inaudios spell
25 Dungeon Key          Needed in a cave (forgot which)
26 Kulm Vase            Raises AC with a funny message
27 Kasan's Chisel       Raises DEX with a funny message
28 Book of Kiel         Raises INT with a funny message
29 Danegeld Water       Raises Max MP with funny message
2A Mineral Bar          Raises STR with a funny message
2B Mega Blast           Raises LUK with a funny message


1.8 Thanks & contact info

-Thanks to Sega, for this wonderful game, I enjoy it to this day!
-Thanks to the free & open source software people!
-Thanks to the GameFAQs people!
-Thanks to anyone who deserves a thanks but I forgot to mention!

You can reach me on demonsword at gmail dot com. Please, if you want to mail
me, write in proper English so I can understand you. Offensive mails won't 
get replied. And please, I'm a busy man, so if I don't reply to you the same
day/month/year/century don't be mad at me ok? :)

---EOF