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    FAQ/Walkthrough by timski

    Version: 1.02 | Updated: 10/24/04 | Printable Version | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

    v1.02, 24 October 2004
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             Praetorians Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ/Strategy Guide)
    1. Preface
    - 1.1 Notes 
    - 1.2 Credits and Legal 
    - 1.3 Version 
    2. Introduction
    - 2.1 What is Praetorians? 
    - 2.2 Who developed the game? 
    - 2.3 What are the minimum requirements? 
    - 2.4 Where can I get demos and patches? 
    3. Gameplay
    3.1 Setup and Interface 
    - 3.1.1 Can I play as Barbarians or Egyptians? 
    - 3.1.2 What do the difficulty settings change? 
    - 3.1.3 Is there a list of keyboard shortcuts? 
    - 3.1.4 Can the map view be zoomed or rotated? 
    - 3.1.5 Can the game speed be changed? 
    - 3.1.6 How do I group troops? 
    - 3.1.7 How do I change the width of formations? 
    3.2 Unit Training 
    - 3.2.1 How can I replenish loses? 
    - 3.2.2 What is the difference between a village and barracks, and how do I 
    use them? 
    - 3.2.3 How do I train a Centurion or commanding officer? 
    - 3.2.4 What limits the number of units? What are Unit and Troop Control 
    - 3.2.5 What limits troop recruitment? Why can't I train a certain unit? 
    - 3.2.6 How do I gain Honour points? 
    3.3 Unit Usage 
    - 3.3.1 How do Stamina and Health work? 
    - 3.3.2 How do I treat poison? 
    - 3.3.3 What is the advantage of commanders? 
    - 3.3.4 Can I kill my own troops? 
    - 3.3.5 Can I stop my troops 'doing their own thing'? 
    - 3.3.6 Why don't troops retreat from battle? 
    - 3.3.7 Can I set multi-point patrols? 
    - 3.3.8 Does weather make a difference? 
    - 3.3.9 How does the hunters' ambush work? 
    - 3.3.10 Why won't my catapults attack? 
    - 3.3.11 Can I extinguish fires on war machines? 
    3.4 Buildings and Structures 
    - 3.4.1 Can I destroy bridges? 
    - 3.4.2 How do I rebuild bridges without infantry? 
    - 3.4.3 How do I move troops into towers? 
    - 3.4.4 Can the fortress's gate be repaired? 
    - 3.4.5 Can I build a fortress or village? 
    - 3.4.6 Can the protect command be used for buildings or areas of ground? 
    3.5 Multiplayer 
    - 3.5.1 How do I chat in multiplayer games? 
    - 3.5.2 Do any multiplayer maps feature fortifications and castles? 
    - 3.5.3 What's inferiority? 
    4. Strategies
    4.1 Introduction 
    - 4.1.1 Tactics 
    - 4.1.2 Campaign vs Skirmish 
    4.2 General Tactics 
    - 4.2.1 Movement and formations 
    - 4.2.2 Leaders and heroes 
    - 4.2.3 Healers 
    - 4.2.4 Spearmen 
    - 4.2.5 Luring 
    - 4.2.6 Towers 
    - 4.2.7 War machines 
    - 4.2.8 Sieges 
    - 4.2.9 Bridges 
    4.3 Romans 
    - 4.3.1 General 
    - 4.3.2 Formations and tactics 
    - 4.3.3 Turtle formation 
    - 4.3.4 Praetorians 
    4.4 Barbarians 
    - 4.4.1 General 
    - 4.4.2 Melee Infantry 
    - 4.4.3 Cavalry 
    - 4.4.4 Hunters 
    4.5 Egyptians 
    - 4.5.1 General 
    - 4.5.2 Slut Rape 
    4.6 Skirmish and Multiplayer 
    - 4.6.1 Skirmish 
    - 4.6.2 Online 
    5. Campaign
    5.1 Tutorial I 
    - 5.1.1 Overview 
    - 5.1.2 Strategy 
    5.2 Tutorial II 
    - 5.2.1 Overview 
    - 5.2.2 Strategy 
    5.3 Tutorial III 
    - 5.3.1 Overview 
    - 5.3.2 Strategy 
    5.4 Tutorial IV 
    - 5.4.1 Overview 
    - 5.4.2 Strategy 
    5.5 Crossing the River Arar 
    - 5.5.1 Overview 
    - 5.5.2 Strategy 
    5.6 Escort to Bibracte 
    - 5.6.1 Overview 
    - 5.6.2 Strategy 
    5.7 Of All the Gallic Tribes 
    - 5.7.1 Overview 
    - 5.7.2 Strategy 
    5.8 Divide and Conquer 
    - 5.8.1 Overview 
    - 5.8.2 Strategy 
    - 5.8.3 Why does the mission not finish? 
    5.9 The Everlasting Frontier 
    - 5.9.1 Overview 
    - 5.9.2 Resist the German Onslaught 
    - 5.9.3 Capture Mainz 
    5.10 A Land Lost in the Mist 
    - 5.10.1 Overview 
    - 5.10.2 Bridgehead 
    - 5.10.3 Alliance strategy 
    - 5.10.4 Independent strategy 
    - 5.10.5 Rescue 
    5.11 Greed 
    - 5.11.1 Overview 
    - 5.11.2 Strategy 
    5.12 Fear the Eagles 
    - 5.12.1 Overview 
    - 5.12.2 Strategy 
    5.13 Cold Treason 
    - 5.13.1 Overview 
    - 5.13.2 Relieve the siege 
    - 5.13.3 Defend the fortress 
    - 5.13.4 Conquer enemy villages 
    5.14 When All Hell Breaks Loose 
    - 5.14.1 Overview 
    - 5.14.2 Strategy 
    5.15 He Who Dares... 
    - 5.15.1 Overview 
    - 5.15.2 Introduction 
    - 5.15.3 Gathering an army 
    - 5.15.4 Defeating the horde 
    - 5.15.5 Dealing with villages 
    - 5.15.6 When I get attacked by Hunters my troops freeze. Why? 
    5.16 Homecoming 
    - 5.16.1 Overview 
    - 5.16.2 Strategy 
    5.17 War of Attrition 
    - 5.17.1 Overview 
    - 5.17.2 Strategy 
    5.18 Alea Iacta Est 
    - 5.18.1 Overview 
    - 5.18.2 Crossing the southern river 
    - 5.18.3 Pisaurus and Fanum 
    - 5.18.4 Ancona 
    5.19 War Within the Mountains 
    - 5.19.1 Overview 
    - 5.19.2 Introduction 
    - 5.19.3 Defense 
    - 5.19.4 Offense 
    5.20 Let the Hunt Begin 
    - 5.20.1 Overview 
    - 5.20.2 Defend the fortress 
    - 5.20.3 Reinforcements 
    5.21 The End of the Republic 
    - 5.21.1 Overview 
    - 5.21.2 Strategy 
    5.22 The Battle for Alexandria 
    - 5.22.1 Overview 
    - 5.22.2 Defend the fortress 
    - 5.22.3 Port and boats 
    5.23 Friends and Allies 
    - 5.23.1 Overview 
    - 5.23.2 Strategy 
    5.24 Just One... More... Fight 
    - 5.24.1 Overview 
    - 5.24.2 Mercenaries 
    - 5.24.3 River, Osuna and fortress 
    6. Editing and Technical Issues
    - 6.1 Are there any cheats or trainers? Can I skip a level? 
    - 6.2 Where are game save files stored? 
    - 6.3 Can the resolution be changed? 
    - 6.4 How can I take screenshots? 
    - 6.5 Are there any custom or multiplayer siege maps? 
    - 6.6 Can I play as Greeks? 
    - 6.7 Is there a map editor? 
    - 6.8 Are there any guides to modifying the game? 
    - 6.9 Can I open .pak files? 
    - 6.10 Can I extract music from the game? 
    - 6.11 I can't connect to an online game. Any suggestions? 
    - 6.12 I have video/display problems. Any suggestions? 
    - A. Unit Abilities 
    - B. Unit Training 
    - C. Terrain 
    1. PREFACE
    1.1 Notes
    This FAQ/guide is based on the United Kingdom release of Praetorians, patched 
    to v1.04. It contains comments and strategies based on other versions. I am 
    not aware of any differences between versions released in different countries. 
    Parts of the FAQ will be appropriate to demo versions, although I believe 
    certain balancing changes occurred between the demo and release version, so 
    use with caution. Praetorians was one of those games that tried to break out 
    of an established real time strategy formula (resource gathering - production 
    - battle), was received quite favourably by many that played it, but 
    ultimately sunk without trace soon after it was released - particularly in the 
    English speaking world. 
    Praetorians is a relatively easy game to start playing but includes many tough 
    missions likely to send players looking for a walkthrough or hints. It also 
    has scope for various different strategies, not all of which are immediately 
    apparent. Prima have published an official strategy guide ( 
    http://www.primagames.com/strategy/book/5682/ ) - it has not been used 
    directly in the creation of this document. Praetorians is not well documented 
    in English on the internet, with only one fan-site of note, and only one 
    regularly used English forum. The later, http://forums.eidosgames.com/ , 
    contains a wealth of strategies and mission tips, which I have edited down and 
    integrated into this guide. This guide also draws on material originally 
    written in Spanish or German. 
    This document is aimed at newer players, not multiplayer veterans. Both 
    multiplayer and singleplayer strategies have been included, but this text is 
    biased towards singleplayer, specifically the campaign. This reflects my 
    personal experience of the game, the overall level of forum discussion, and 
    what I think is needed most in a guide such as this. This FAQ was awarded the 
    title "FAQ of the Month" for August 2003 by GameFAQs. Cool.
    1.2 Credits and Legal
    This FAQ was written by Tim Howgego (also known as timski), copyright 2003-
    2004, unless otherwise stated. Errors and suggestions should be reported to 
    tim (at) capsu (dot) org. Please put "Praetorians" somewhere in the email 
    subject field. This FAQ includes ideas and strategies posted on forums, 
    primarily http://forums.eidosgames.com/ , and fan sites including Nitroace30 
    (now closed), http://praetorianzone.gamigo.de/ (in German) and 
    http://www.geocities.com/vent40k/ (in Spanish) - contributors are noted with 
    the relevant text. 
    You may save and print this document for your own personal use only. You may 
    copy and repost this FAQ, but the content of the document, including the 
    credits, must remain unchanged. You must not charge for it, sell, rent, or 
    otherwise profit from it. Informing the author that you are hosting it is 
    appreciated, but not mandatory. Ensuring you host the most recent version is 
    also appreciated, but not mandatory. If converting from text to HTML, please 
    note the use of fixed width text in diagrams and greater/less-than characters. 
    Praetorians copyright Pyro Studios SL 2003. Praetorians is a registered 
    trademark of Pyro Studios 99 SL. Eidos and Eidos Interactive are trademarks of 
    the Eidos Group of companies. All rights reserved. Other trademarks and 
    copyright are owned by their respective trademark and copyright holders. This 
    is not an official FAQ. It is not endorsed by the game's developer or 
    publisher. The author is not affiliated to the game's developer or publisher.
    1.3 Version
    This is version 1.02, 24 October 2004. Added new patch information, updated 
    modding section, and fixed dead URLs.
    2.1 What is Praetorians?
    Praetorians is a real time strategy game for PC/Windows, set in Roman Europe 
    around the time of Julius Caesar. The game involves almost no resource 
    management and is focused on tactical battle with a ability to capture 
    villages and recruit additional troops. Praetorians includes three 
    civilizations - Romans, Barbarians and Egyptians - the later often take the 
    role of other 'Arab' tribes. The main campaign is based on Romans. The game's 
    name is inspired by the Praetoriani (Praetoriae Cohortes), an elite cohort 
    formed to protect the general of the Roman army. Units in the game reflect 
    those that existed, but there are many concessions to gameplay balance, such 
    as the equal availability of war machines to all civilizations. Similarly, 
    while the storyline is set against a backdrop of events circa 50BC, the actual 
    missions and battles are somewhat contrived. Praetorians is not intended to be 
    a perfect historical re-creation. It should be regarded as a Roman themed real 
    time strategy game, rather than a traditional historical war-game. A summary 
    of the game's features can be found at http://www.praetoriansgame.com/ .
    2.2 Who developed the game?
    Pyro Studios ( http://www.pyrostudios.com/ ), based in Madrid, Spain, wrote 
    the game. They are better known for developing the Commandos series of games. 
    Praetorians was published by Eidos Interactive. Originally intended to be 
    released in 2002, the game finally appeared in February/March 2003.
    2.3 What are the minimum requirements?
    The absolute minimums are: Pentium III 500MHz, 128MB RAM (256MB for Windows 
    2000/XP), 16MB graphics card (DirectX 8.1 compatible, 32MB recommended), 
    display resolution 1024x768, 600MB free hard drive space, Windows 98/2000/XP, 
    quad-speed CD-ROM drive, keyboard and mouse. Multiplayer requires a slightly 
    faster processor (at least 700MHz) with at least a 56k modem connection 
    (broadband recommended).
    2.4 Where can I get demos and patches?
    Two demo versions are available - a single player version (which I believe 
    features the campaign mission Crossing the River Arar) and a multiplayer 
    version (which features a single multiplayer/skirmish map). Demos can be found 
    at http://www.eidosinteractive.com/downloads/search.html?gmid=124 and several 
    other gaming sites. Installing both the demo and the full game on the same 
    machine may cause to video glitches. 
    The most recent official patch at the time of writing is v1.04, 24 April 2003. 
    It can be found at several locations, including 
    http://ftp.eidos.com/pub/patches/praetorians/patchinstaller.exe , 
    http://www.fileplanet.com/section.aspx?s=93629 and http://www.pyrostudios.com/ 
    . The patch is 2.7MB. However Jare, one of the game's developers, released an 
    unofficial (unsupported) patch v1.05, 22 October 2004. This patch "fixes the 
    bug with troops becoming invulnerable after splitting them". It can be 
    downloaded from http://www.fileplanet.com/files/140000/146941.shtml . There is 
    no need to apply earlier patches first - v1.05 can be applied to a freshly 
    installed game. The game's current version number is displayed in the bottom 
    left corner of game's main menu screen.
    This section contains answers to commonly asked gameplay questions. It does 
    not specifically replace the manual. The manual explains the basic interface, 
    concepts and abilities. To be honest, even if you do not have the manual it is 
    possible to learn most of the game's features from a combination of the 
    tutorials and the readme file on the CD.
    3.1 Setup and Interface
    3.1.1 Can I play as Barbarians or Egyptians?
    You can in multiplayer/skirmish mode. There is only one campaign, which is 
    based on Romans. There are a few opportunities during the campaign to use or 
    train non-Roman troops, however there are no missions that use entirely non-
    Roman forces.
    3.1.2 What do the difficulty settings change?
    Difficulty influences the size and makeup of your initial forces. For example, 
    the first non-tutorial mission, Crossing the River Arar (see below), includes 
    two units of Auxiliary Infantry and three Legionaries on "easy", one less 
    Auxiliary Infantry on "Normal", and one less unit of Legionaries on "Hard". 
    The enemy generally has additional units on harder settings. RogueImpaler 
    notes: "Enemy villages will produce lots more troops on hard also." Less 
    obviously, on harder settings the enemy's AI (Artificial Intelligence) is 
    better. Centurion, on harder difficulties: "The AI was employing better 
    tactics such as flanking my archers by moving through woods, but the blatant 
    change was that I had less troops starting and there seemed to be more enemy 
    troops. I thought arrows from enemy archers/mounted archers inflicted a little 
    more damage."
    3.1.3 Is there a list of keyboard shortcuts?
    Yes. Such a list may be found in section 3.2 of the game's readme.htm file.
    3.1.4 Can the map view be zoomed or rotated?
    The camera height can be changed _slightly_ by altering the slider found under 
    game options. This can also be achieved by rolling the mouse wheel or pressing 
    Page-Up/Page-Down. The map cannot be rotated. It is not clear why the 
    developers decided to lock the camera.
    3.1.5 Can the game speed be changed?
    No, although you can pause single player games by pressing Esc to bring up the 
    game menu.
    3.1.6 How do I group troops?
    Select the required units, assign a group by pressing CRTL+1-9, then 1-9 to 
    recall the group, and 1-9 again to jump to them. Rufus adds: "You can add 
    units to an already existing group by selecting the new troops, then holding 
    shift and pressing the number of your existing group and finally once again 
    assign a group number. It is possible to have troops belong to several groups. 
    To activate this you need to go to the Game Options panel and click the 
    'Troops in Multiple Groups' button."
    3.1.7 How do I change the width of formations?
    The width of individual units cannot be changed, except by changing the facing 
    or (for certain units) adopting a special formation. Facing can be changed by 
    selecting the unit, then either: (1) right clicking at the destination, 
    holding down with the mouse and moving it in the direction desired to face, or 
    (2) by selecting the 'facing' icon from actions menu in the bottom right of 
    the screen, and then clicking at a point you wish the unit to face. Multiple 
    units can be set into a formation of variable width. Gaius Julius writes: 
    "After you've selected your troops, right-click where you want them to go; 
    don't let go of the right mouse button yet, then either use the mouse's scroll 
    wheel to set the width of the formation, or you can use the Page up, or Page 
    down buttons on the keyboard." There is no direct way of ensuring certain 
    units take certain positions in the formation. However, Shamaani writes: "In 
    order to get spearmen in the front, standard army corps in the middle, and 
    archer behind I do like this: Select army corps and set them to 'Defend' the 
    pikemen. Select archers and set them to 'Defend' the army corps. For moving 
    the whole army, just move the pikemen." Alternatively assign groups to 
    different sets of units and order them separately.
    3.2 Unit Training
    3.2.1 How can I replenish loses?
    New squads can be trained using a village or barracks. Sometimes during 
    campaign missions additional reinforcements will join your army during the 
    mission. Injured troops can be healed with a healer such as a Physician. The 
    Physician can be ordered to heal a specific unit. Alternatively units within 
    the Physician's area of influence will slowly be healed. Where an existing 
    squad is missing men, squads can be joined. Select the units to be joined and 
    press the join button (or J). For example, two half-strength (15 man) legions 
    can be joined to form one full strength (30 man) legion. No one squad can ever 
    exceed full strength.
    3.2.2 What is the difference between a village and barracks, and how do I use 
    Villages must first be captured by destroying any existing garrison, building 
    your own garrison next to the village using infantry, and then assigning a 
    commander (Centurion or similar) to recruit at the village. Barracks have 
    fixed ownership and cannot be captured, only destroyed. Barracks do not 
    require a commander. Barracks are only ever found inside fortresses. Both 
    barracks and villages can be destroyed. Destroyed villages or barracks cannot 
    be rebuilt or captured; they are permanently removed from the map for the rest 
    of the mission. 
    Both villages and barracks function in the same way: Assuming you have 
    completed the steps above, left-click on the building, then select units to 
    train from the menu in the bottom-right of the screen. Up to seven units may 
    be queued for training. Training will automatically stop if there is 
    insufficient population, honour points or unit control points (see below).
    3.2.3 How do I train a Centurion or commanding officer?
    You don't. Instead commanders are promoted from other units. Select a unit and 
    then press Promote on the actions menu in the bottom right of the screen. A 
    small tent will appear momentarily. One member of the unit will become a level 
    0 commander and the remainder of the unit will be unchanged. The civilization 
    of the commander is determined by the civilization of the promoted unit. For 
    example, if you want a Chieftain rather than a Centurion, you must promote a 
    Barbarian unit (in most circumstances you will only control one civilization, 
    and so will not have this choice). Prior combat experience or unit type is not 
    transferred to the promoted unit: There is no advantage to promoting battle-
    hardened Praetorians instead of Auxiliary Infantry. Commanders instead gain 
    experience from combat within their area of influence. Any regular or special 
    unit can be promoted. Characters, single man units such as scouts, and siege 
    engines cannot be promoted. 
    There is a limit to the number of commanders you may promote. This limit is 
    not entirely understood. It seems that you may have one commander per 1-100 
    troops. For example if you have 30 troops, one commander; 190 troops, two 
    commanders; 210 troops three commanders. You may never have more than five 
    commanders in total. There are some oddities, particularly in campaign 
    missions where this may not hold true. For example, certain named character 
    commanders may not count towards the five-commander limit. If you are already 
    at the limit and additional commanders join your army, you automatically keep 
    all the commanders and exceed the limit.
    3.2.4 What limits the number of units? What are Unit and Troop Control Points?
    Overall army size is limited by Unit Control Points (UCPs) and Troop Control 
    Points (TCPs). These are specified by the mission and cannot be changed. 
    Typically UCPs range from 500 to 1000, TCPs from 50 to 75. To display the 
    current values, press and hold down Shift to show the Battle Status Panel. 
    Gaius Julius adds: "If you enabled it in the 'Game Options' section, it should 
    be visible on screen." Unit Control Points refer to the total number of men 
    you may command, so a unit of Legionaries might count as 30 men, a scout as 
    one man. Troop Control Points refer to the total number of units that may be 
    commanded as separate entities (yes I know that sounds the wrong way round), 
    for example a unit of Legionaries counts as one TCP, as does a scout. 
    Commanders, healers and scouts are exceptions to this rule. Commanders are 
    described above (see How do I train a Centurion or commanding officer? above). 
    Healers are restricted to two. Scouts are restricted to five. These levels can 
    sometimes be exceeded during the campaign when additional troops join your 
    army. For example, if the UCP limit is 500, your starting army accounts for 
    400, and 200 points worth of reinforcements join you, you can still keep the 
    total 600 points worth. You will not however be able to train any new units at 
    a village or barracks until the total drops below 500.
    3.2.5 What limits troop recruitment? Why can't I train a certain unit?
    The village or barracks recruiting the unit must have the pre-requisite 
    population available. Most villages grow population slowly over time, although 
    there are occasional campaign reports of villages where population does not 
    re-grow. Any honour point requirement must be met (see How do I gain Honour 
    points? below). There must be enough space remaining in your army for the 
    units (see What limits the number of units? What are Unit and Troop Control 
    Points? above). Full troop requirements are shown in the Unit Training 
    appendix. Not all units are immediately available in the campaign. This varies 
    by mission and is listed at the start of the walkthrough for each mission. 
    Generally, special units are not freely available until later in the campaign. 
    The only mission where absolutely every unit from every civilization is 
    available is the final mission, Just One... More... Fight (see below).
    3.2.6 How do I gain Honour points?
    Honour Points (or "Honor Points" for Americans) are required in order to 
    recruit certain units types, notably cavalry (1 point per unit) and special 
    units (2 points per unit). Honour points are gained from battle. They 
    accumulate slowly as your troops gain experience from fighting. The precise 
    relationship between combat experience and honour points is unknown. Gaius 
    Julius notes: "The number of HPs you accumulate varies by troop type." The 
    current honour point total is displayed on the Battle Status Panel (press and 
    hold down Shift). Gaius Julius continues: "You'll see an icon of a star with a 
    wreath around it, next to it you'll see a number. This number is the number of 
    HP's you have. To the right of this you'll see a bar, when it fills up 
    completely, you've earned another HP."
    3.3 Unit Usage
    The Appendices contain data covering unit strengths, abilities and use of 
    3.3.1 How do Stamina and Health work?
    Health reflects the overall life and damage of the unit. Single-man units will 
    survive until their health reaches zero. For multi-man units, health is an 
    average across the unit. Such units typically start losing men once the unit's 
    health declines below about 50%. Health can be recovered using a healer such 
    as a Physician. Stamina is used when running or (in certain cases) when using 
    special abilities. Stamina declines at different rates. For example, 
    Legionaries' stamina will decline fast when running because all that armor is 
    heavy - try it ;-) . Stamina recovers over time once the unit stops trying to 
    use it. Certain abilities such as Extra Energy Regeneration and Prayer can be 
    used to recover stamina more quickly. Steal Energy Effect drains stamina from 
    3.3.2 How do I treat poison?
    Poison is only used by Nubian Archers. It can be treated using the Physician's 
    Cure Disease ability. The later ability also cures blindness.
    3.3.3 What is the advantage of commanders?
    Commanders (Centurions, Chieftains or Barbarians) are required to recruit at 
    villages. They also have advantages in the field. Troops within their area of 
    influence gain bonuses to attack and defense. These bonuses vary by 
    civilization and experience/level - as shown in the Unit Abilities appendix 
    below. Bonuses do not stack, however it is thought that where two commanders 
    of different civilizations are present, the highest bonus available applies. 
    This would mean that a level 4 Centurion and a level 4 Chieftain collectively 
    give a 30% bonus to both attack and defense. This is only relevant to a few 
    campaign missions, since in most only one civilization is available. The area 
    of influence is shown by a faint blue circle around the commander. 
    RogueImpaler adds: "You can tell if your troops are affected by their leader 
    when they have a little extra eagle in their flag." Combat that takes place 
    within a commander's area of influence increases the commander's experience 
    and level. Higher ranking commanders can make a significant difference to the 
    outcome of a battle, so ensuring they gain experience is useful.
    3.3.4 Can I kill my own troops?
    There is no command to do this, however there are tricks to destroy your own 
    units. From no_pulse: "Build a tower and garrison it with the units you want 
    destroyed. Then send a battering ram in to destroy the tower, and it will not 
    only destroy the tower, but also the units inside." Athos suggests: "You can 
    also position your troops between a ballista and the ballista's target." 
    Mercurypitt writes: "I like to hide them in grass and then burn the grass 
    while forcing my troops to run through the flames." Kmorg74 adds: "I just 
    break them up into small groups and send them to probe or decoy enemy troops."
    3.3.5 Can I stop my troops 'doing their own thing'?
    Yes. Assign them 'Hold Position' orders (press H). Stationary formations may 
    also be used, although these generally have a more specific purpose than 
    simply telling your troops to remain still. Troops will still react to the 
    enemy when holding. This reaction can be modified by setting them to 
    'Aggressive' or 'Defensive' mode. In 'Aggressive' mode units will engage the 
    enemy as soon as they come into view/range. In 'Defensive' mode units will 
    wait until they come under attack or the enemy comes very close before 
    3.3.6 Why don't troops retreat from battle?
    Troops cannot be retreated once they have been engaged in melee. This is 
    considered realistic. Troops can retreat from ranged attacks, however they may 
    sustain heavy casualties doing so.
    3.3.7 Can I set multi-point patrols?
    By default patrols are set between the starting point of the unit and the 
    location you set the patrol. By holding Shift down while setting the patrol 
    route, multiple patrol points can be set. Similarly, if CTRL is held down 
    while setting a patrol point, the unit will run that part of the route.
    3.3.8 Does weather make a difference?
    No. Weather is essentially there to look pretty. It does not affect how troops 
    fight, their stamina, or anything else.
    3.3.9 How does the hunters' ambush work?
    Andrex Aurelius writes: "Place your Hunters in a forest and wait until their 
    Stamina regenerates to full. When it has, the Hunters will automatically go 
    into Ambush mode and will attack enemies that walk over their position. When 
    in Ambush mode Hunters become invisible to the enemy (except to Wolves) and 
    deal much higher damage."
    3.3.10 Why won't my catapults attack?
    War machines are generally the least likely to respond to an approaching 
    enemy. This partly reflects the time taken to load and fire them. To make them 
    more responsive set them to 'Aggressive' mode. The main danger with auto-
    firing siege engines is the risk your troops will get caught by them. This is 
    particularly true of Ballistas, which fire straight at the target, rather than 
    over the heads of your own troops. Alternatively, assign attack targets 
    3.3.11 Can I extinguish fires on war machines?
    Yes. Retire the machine or siege engine from the front line and assign 
    Auxiliary Infantry (or similar) to repair the machine.
    3.4 Buildings and Structures
    The use of villages and barracks is discussed under Unit training above.
    3.4.1 Can I destroy bridges?
    Wooden bridges can be destroyed using archers or Catapults. Simply order them 
    to attack the bridge and after a short time the bridge will start burning and 
    then collapse. Stone bridges cannot be destroyed.
    3.4.2 How do I rebuild bridges without infantry?
    Demote an existing regular or special unit. Click on the unit, select demote 
    from the bottom-right menu and confirm the demotion. The unit will put up a 
    tent for a few seconds, and then reappear as infantry. The infantry can then 
    be used to rebuild the bridge. Demoted units cannot return to their former 
    unit type.
    3.4.3 How do I move troops into towers?
    Select the unit and then right-click on the tower. From Random: "It's 
    important to click the base of the tower. I was clicking the top of it, but it 
    wasn't registering." Cicero notes: "Make sure that the towers are in good or 
    perfect condition. They get damaged by attacks, in which case your archers may 
    not get in. If there's damage to towers, simply get your auxiliary troops to 
    repair them." Only foot troops can enter towers - not cavalry or siege 
    3.4.4 Can the fortress's gate be repaired?
    Yes, so long as it is your fortress and the gate has not been completely 
    destroyed. Assign Auxiliary Infantry (or similar) to repair the gate, by 
    selecting them and then clicking on the gate. The unit will attempt to repair 
    the gate to full health and then stop repairs. They will not attend to 
    subsequent damage and must be reassigned each time new repairs are required. 
    Once the gate has been destroyed it cannot be repaired.
    3.4.5 Can I build a fortress or village?
    No. Major fortifications and villages are defined by the map and cannot be 
    built from new, moved or modified.
    3.4.6 Can the protect command be used for buildings or areas of ground?
    No. The protect command works with troops only.
    3.5 Multiplayer
    For technical issues see I can't connect to an online game. Any suggestions? 
    3.5.1 How do I chat in multiplayer games?
    Press Enter to chat to your allies, Shift+Enter to chat to everyone.
    3.5.2 Do any multiplayer maps feature fortifications and castles?
    Officially no. Jare writes: "The plans for fortress sieges in skirmish and 
    multiplayer had to be put on hold in order to make the release date we had 
    committed to." However existing siege maps have been hacked to make them 
    playable in multiplayer or skirmish mode - see Are there any custom or 
    multiplayer siege maps? below.
    3.5.3 What's inferiority?
    This feature is designed to make it easy to finish a multiplayer game without 
    having to search for every last enemy unit. When the enemy no longer has any 
    villages, or their force is 10% the size of your force, inferiority is 
    enabled. This starts a 60 second timer. Once the timer has run out the 
    location of all the enemy's remaining units can be seen.
    4.1 Introduction
    4.1.1 Tactics
    Gaius Julius writes: "This game forces you to use the 'right' unit for the 
    'right' task, for example, don't use archers for melee combat." While this is 
    partly true of many similar games, in Praetorians it is far more noticeable. 
    Use the wrong unit and you may suffer 100% casualties for no loss by the 
    enemy. Use the right unit and it is often possible to do the reverse. 
    Athos writes: "There is actually a good amount of strategy in this game. 
    Primarily in the match-up of units and how you move around the map. If you 
    just move your troops toward an objective they will get murdered; have a scout 
    and know everything about where they are about to move..." Ah, scouting - more 
    about that later; it is perhaps the most important tactic of all.
    4.1.2 Campaign vs Skirmish
    LordJohnDrinksalot: "I'm not saying tactics don't matter. They matter - I've 
    seen enemy archers cut to pieces in melee combat without a loss to friendly 
    Legionaries and ballistas decimate an advancing legion company - but they pale 
    in significance to the same old Real Time Strategy 'recruit troops quicker 
    than the enemy' tactic. This is obviously less true for the campaigns (you 
    have to employ tactics), but very true for the skirmish battles (you have to 
    capture villages quicker)." There are many times during the campaign when 
    careful scouting and tactical positioning of units is the only way to win. In 
    skirmish mode this is not true. "While I'm trying to cleverly ambush the AI 
    [Artificial Intelligence], the AI is grabbing another village. Frankly, 
    grabbing villages quicker than your enemy seems to be 80% of the game, and 
    everything else is a distant second place consideration." 
    While some of this strategy section is applicable to both campaign and 
    skirmish modes, it is likely to be more useful in a campaign context.
    4.2 General Tactics
    This section covers specific tactics applicable regardless of civilization. 
    Different civilizations are discussed in subsequent sections.
    4.2.1 Movement and formations
    Scouting is crucial in Praetorians. This applies to extending the effective 
    range of units such as archers, but most importantly it prevents your troops 
    walking into an ambush. From Athos: "You should always know what stands 
    between you and the place where you want your troops, and what is there 
    waiting for you. Do these through proper scouting and planning, and you'll be 
    able to take out the ambushes before they ambush you. ... Scout as much as 
    possible and know what you're facing, and plan how to get around it before 
    bull rushing into anything and everything." From loki: "Although I can 
    understand the need to have basic formations/patterns while the troops are 
    stationary, I don't have the slightest idea why I would need complicated 
    formations while moving. Here's why: you should always know where you are 
    going, that's what scouts are for." 
    Combat in Praetorians is relatively fast once it starts, but often during the 
    campaign there is plenty of time to prepare. One can march a 'perfect' 
    formation into a pitch battle, but once the battle has started almost all hope 
    of control has been lost when additional enemy troops are drawn in. By 
    planning battles, you opt to control the battle by the terms on which you 
    fight it, not by a 'click-fest' of orders to units that often cannot respond 
    because they are busy fighting off an enemy that happens to have engaged them 
    Latbat writes: "The basics are to put your infantry ahead and archers behind, 
    but this tactic isn't enough to win against a good player. You have to have 
    your hand on the pulse of battle, and do what's the best for current 
    situation, not to just blindly attack if the forces are equal." Mark OHearn 
    writes: "Clearly archers are far too weak to be at the front so keep them back 
    behind melee troops. In most missions I just hotkey my important units - 
    special unit, healers, centurion, and scouts. Make sure you make these units 
    auto-stay [hold] or your healers will go into the melee attacks and die." 
    From Random: "Tell your archers to protect your infantry and manually control 
    the horses. Tell your chief units and priests to 'protect' the infantry too, 
    so they'll give you the good benefits while not exposing themselves. Keep your 
    groups under easy control by assigning group numbers, so if you tell your 
    archers to attack something else, it's easy to make them 'protect' the 
    infantry again after the battle." Quintus writes: "When building up formations 
    for all out assaults, place stationary spearmen, stationary archers behind, 
    and all the heavy infantry behind them. Any attacks from the front the 
    Legionaries will skirmish." Cavalry can be used to charge down poorly defended 
    units such as archers. Once other enemy units are engaged in skirmish cavalry 
    will be able to ride through their lines. 
    Finally, remember that your troops can run (assign orders while holding down 
    the CTRL key). They cannot run forever, since their stamina decreases. Also 
    consider that if their stamina declines, they may not be able to use a special 
    4.2.2 Leaders and heroes
    Heroes are only found during the campaign. They are named characters. They 
    always have the abilities of other single units - typically Centurions, but 
    sometimes healers or scouts. Their main advantage is a higher than average hit 
    point total. Unfortunately they are almost always mission critical - should 
    they die the mission will be failed. Mark OHearn writes: "In certain missions 
    I was able to leave a hero at or near the starting position in the woods. In 
    other missions, you need them to recruit troops, so just always keep them back 
    from the action with a troop to protect. Hotkey them is the best way to move 
    them around." Sometimes it is possible to use a hero to take the brunt of an 
    enemy attack: Their above average hit point total allows them to survive while 
    other troops do the damage. But avoid baiting Hunters with them - if unlucky, 
    it's an instant 'game over' moment. 
    Commanders gain considerable bonuses at higher levels. If the commander 
    survives long enough, these bonuses can make a significant difference to the 
    performance of troops, both offensively and defensively. Commanders also have 
    special abilities. From RogueImpaler: "Your troops are much more capable with 
    their leader in the vicinity. Image your Legionaries have just thrown their 
    pilums - now they are exhausted. With their Centurion close by they regenerate 
    much faster." This particular trick is specific to the Roman army, because 
    only their Centurion has the ability to provide extra energy regeneration, but 
    it is a good example of using commanders' special abilities. From bond0bhave: 
    "Using this way I killed 2 squads of Praetorians and one Gladiator in the 
    campaign. I had a group of Nubian Archers, a Barbarian Chieftain and a 
    Centurion. Use the Barbarian Chieftain to sap the stamina, and then use the 
    Nubians to poison the gladiators. Retreat them when the enemy gets close and 
    then attack with more poison, using the Centurion to refill stamina." 
    RogueImpaler continues: "The Centurion is willing to sacrifice himself in 
    order to let his troops escape if that time has come. Troops can't get out of 
    a rumble once they've been attacked or have attacked themselves. You can send 
    in your Centurion at this time. He will give the troops the opportunity to 
    break loose and run for it." This particular trick is unconfirmed.
    4.2.3 Healers
    Healers are particularly important when you cannot afford to take heavy 
    casualties - specifically when you have no village at which to recruit 
    replacement troops. This occurs quite frequently during the campaign. Healers 
    will attempt to heal wounded soldiers automatically. Mark OHearn writes: "It 
    is not unusual for them to go to the frontlines, and if your fighting troops 
    are killed, so goes the medic. Therefore, consider putting him on hold (you 
    can auto-hold) to keep him from doing this. After the battle, un-select the 
    hold so he can go heal the remaining troops." Jare writes: "I would suggest 
    using the 'protect' command, so the medics follow your lead troops without 
    getting ahead of them. Protecting troops helps a lot when managing a large 
    group in battle." By default healers automatically use their abilities to heal 
    injured troops, in addition to slow healing within their area of influence. 
    This ability appears to extend to every unit except the healer himself, so 
    occasionally intervene and 'manually' heal your healer.
    4.2.4 Spearmen
    Spearmen (including Guards and Pikemen) have a special formation called 
    'Stationary'. Stationary spearmen are particularly effective against charging 
    cavalry. Athos adds: "Spearmen are perfect for stopping those charges, only 
    problem is you have to protect them from archers or they get torn apart." A 
    common strategy is to place archers behind stationary Spearmen. This entices 
    the cavalry to try and attack the archers, but in doing so generally forces 
    them onto the stationary line of Spearmen (see Luring below). 
    RogueImpaler writes: "Use spearmen at the last moment to counter mass attack - 
    they can be very, very deadly indeed." Rather than luring, this tactic 
    involves advancing Spearmen forward with other troops, and just before the 
    enemy cavalry engage in melee switching the Spearmen to stationary. 
    ShadowFiend writes: "A nasty strategy is to place pikemen in stationary form 
    in front of the village entrance of the enemy if you don't have enough forces 
    to swiftly destroy the village. Everything comes out dying quickly."
    4.2.5 Luring
    The lure is a classic technique, primarily relying on the other players' units 
    stupidity to drag them into an ambush. One unit is sent close to an enemy 
    unit, then once the enemy unit gives chase, the friendly unit retreats back to 
    where other friendly units are waiting to pounce. Luring only partly works in 
    Praetorians - enemy units cannot be dragged far, and should the initial lure 
    fail subsequent lures are progressively less likely to succeed. From Athos: "I 
    have the archers right behind the spearmen in stationary to lure enemies onto 
    my troops, and the Legionaries to sweep onto the attacking forces (though they 
    don't necessarily need to, the spearmen should handle them) and to protect the 
    flank should it be threatened... and don't forget a good ballista on the right 
    or left to cut through the troops." 
    On performing the lure itself, Loki writes: "Archer-cavalry is the right unit 
    for this, because you can attack the defending cavalry from a long range and 
    force them to chase you. As you are about as fast as them, you can retreat 
    behind your pikemen and let the enemy cavalry crash into your impaling 
    polearms." Egyptian Parthian Cavalry is the ultimate unit to use to lure 
    enemies, since it can both fire and ride at the same time. If cavalry are not 
    available Centurions may be used effectively. They can also generally sustain 
    more damage before suffering loses, although sustained luring is still likely 
    to require a healer to be available. Avoid luring with low-hit point troops, 
    since they tend to die in the attempt.
    4.2.6 Towers
    From Mark OHearn: "Towers are an interesting aspect of the game. They provide 
    your weak archers with a 10,000-point defence bonus, making it almost 
    impossible for a small group of melee troops to successfully overcome." Andrex 
    Aurelius writes: "If you put archers in they cause a lot of damage to 
    approaching troops but they die quickly once the tower is destroyed. If you 
    put weak troops like Auxiliary Infantry in then you have a cheap rock dropping 
    defence, which is useless against archers and siege weapons, but good against 
    other units attacking the base of the tower. Also, if you have Auxiliary 
    Infantry in towers they are very useful for putting out fires during an attack 
    but they have to be covered by other units." Ranged troops will also drop 
    rocks from towers if the enemy gets close enough. Towers can be repaired 
    conventionally by assigning infantry to repair them, much like damaged 
    fortress gates and seige engines. From plastikman: "The best units to put in 
    the towers are the Nubian Archers, if you can spare the unit cost. They have 
    the longest range of all the archers in the game and the height of the tower 
    can provide a little boost too. If you want to be really evil, set them to 
    poison arrows before you place them in the tower." 
    Mark OHearn continues: "Beware, however, that you do not build towers near 
    your village and then not occupy them immediately. There's nothing quite like 
    watching your opponent build a tower next to his village and then sneaking 
    your own archers into it and start attacking. Depending on the map, a forest 
    nearby might make the tower an easy attack by archers unless you also occupy 
    the said forest with melee units." 
    From Latbat: "Those towers with archers in them you can knock down with rams 
    easily. ... I usually use two rams, because they destroy a tower quicker and 
    with all archers in it. But it can take some time before you can get to those 
    towers if facing strong opposition on ground, so I'm considering using 
    catapults more, set on flaming stones of course." Nitroace30 notes: "Catapults 
    are very effective against towers. Defend them with spearman/pikeman and they 
    will work very well." Archers can also be used to set towers on fire. Normally 
    once the towers become 50% damaged the occupants will spill out onto the 
    ground and melee ensues. Rams have the advantage of eliminating the defending 
    units along with the tower. 
    Significant tower building comes with its own problems. Mark OHearn again: 
    "Firstly, it will limit how many troops you can send into battle. Secondly, if 
    you do need to empty troops from their towers, the enemy will have the 
    opportunity to sneak into your village and take over these towers." Instead 
    consider building towers only on regularly contended or particularly strategic 
    parts of the map.
    4.2.7 War machines
    Many war machines and siege engines are highly effective outside of a strict 
    siege environment. War machines require careful use because there is a high 
    risk of damaging your own troops. The combination of slow reload-time and 
    apparent unwillingness to fire until enemy units come close can be in part 
    off-set by setting them to 'Aggressive' mode. 
    As mentioned above, rams are effective against Towers. Chronoshift notes that 
    they are also effective at destroying village garrisons. Of course their main 
    purpose is destroying the gates to fortresses (see below). 
    Athos writes: "Ballistas are incredible useful when it comes to defense. You 
    know those annoying turtles, and how arrows can't really pick them apart? 
    Ballistas slice right through them. Perfect for disrupting those advancing 
    troops as it can kill 7-10 troops at once. Or more." The main disadvantage 
    with Ballistas is a tendency to murder ones own troops. Positioning of the 
    Ballista is clearly important, with many favouring higher ground or a position 
    on the flank of an army. Ballistas are generally better than Catapults when 
    used against close formations of troops, however they need much closer 
    supervision or better tactical placement than Catapults if friendly fire is to 
    be avoided. 
    From loki: "While catapults are not very effective, they can be devastating 
    when used to defend an elevated position. Four catapults on barrage can wipe 
    marching troops when combined with archers." Multiple Catapults can indeed be 
    highly effective when defending a position against infantry attack, 
    particularly when they have a range advantage over the attacking troops. 
    Although Catapults have a numerical range advantage, they need to be able to 
    use that range by setting them to 'Aggressive' mode and having some form of 
    scout or nearby tower coverage. AI players very rarely use scouts. 
    Consequently, AI units often cannot see any further than their normal units 
    are capable of seeing. AI controlled infantry have a tendency to retreat 
    slightly once they have come under heavy barrage attack from enemies they 
    cannot see. This can result in the AI units making several false advances, 
    each one of which damages them. From chronoshift: "You can easily burn down 
    garrisons/towers/villages from far away distances if you can setup a few 
    catapults on hills just outside of main bases. You may need to send a hawk in 
    for your catapults to fire."
    4.2.8 Sieges
    Officially fortresses only exist in the campaign. Consequently, the majority 
    of strategies for dealing with sieges can be found in the walkthrough. 
    Consider the following when defending a fortress: 
    - Move fast. This is one aspect of the game you cannot take at your own pace. 
    - Hold the gate(s). Repair them whenever possible using infantry. Generally 
    once the gates have been destroyed, long term defense of a fortress becomes 
    impossible unless the enemy is very weak. 
    - Place ranged troops on the walls, particularly in the fortified towers where 
    they are better defended. Switch these troops to 'Aggressive' mode so they 
    fire at enemies sooner. Use special ranged troops if available (Slingers are 
    great against siege engines). 
    - Keep support units such as commanders and healers close to the walls, but 
    not on them. 
    - Use cavalry sparingly to ride out against dangerous, but poorly defended 
    threats, such as siege engines and ladders. 
    - Use heavy infantry to counter any enemy that climb the walls. Ideally the 
    enemy should not get this close. 
    - Use stationary Spearmen to guard the gate, to give a final line of defense 
    in case the gate should be destroyed. 
    - Use Catapults to fire over the walls (again, set on 'Aggressive'). 
    - Use your barracks to replace loses. 
    When attacking a fortress, many more options are available. From loki: "Attack 
    the fortress from both sides at the same time, which is, I gather, one of the 
    most useful tactics against _any_ computer." 
    Generally computer based fortresses' defenses are predictable. First lure out 
    any enemy cavalry, conventionally done by starting to attack wall defenders 
    with a Catapult. Cavalry are normally lured into a stationary Spearman ambush. 
    The next threat are defenders on the walls. For Roman players, Dramaticus 
    writes: "Use turtle formation to divert defenders while you roll up your siege 
    items." Enemy archers generally fire on the nearest target, at least until an 
    alternative target starts to hurt them. Since Legionaries are almost immune to 
    arrow fire, they make excellent decoys. With a healer behind them they can 
    survive several minutes of attack. Dramaticus continues: "You can load up to a 
    couple of troops into siege towers before you roll them up to walls. The risk 
    is that the tower may burn down before the offload, but the advantage is 
    immediate deployment, rather than having your troops catch up with the tower 
    and then attacking." 
    Rather than assaulting the walls with siege engines and troops, consider 
    either ramming the fortress gate with a Battering Ram, or using Catapults to 
    bombard the defenders on the walls. BadGuysAlwaysWin writes: "To eliminate 
    archers on walls, use 2-3 catapults for maximum result. Set 2 to 'spread' and 
    1 to 'normal' (neither fireball nor spread). Now, march forward with 2-4 
    legions in turtle formation. Bring up your catapults and get rid of the 
    archers one group at a time." Catapults normally have a range advantage over 
    archers, so with careful use of scouts catapults can be very effective at 
    range. However, walls give a range advantage to archers manning those walls, 
    so it is not possible to completely eliminate the chance of enemy archers 
    setting your Catapults on fire. If they do so Catapults can always be 
    retreated and infantry set to work repairing them immediately. Rams are the 
    most effective way to break down gates, but Catapults can also be used. 
    BadGuysAlwaysWin continues: "Set 1 [Catapult] to 'fireball' and 2 to 'normal'. 
    With no archers on the walls, it's very simple. Set pikemen in stationary in 
    front, Legionaries on flanks, destroy the door, then advance."
    4.2.9 Bridges
    Mark OHearn writes: "Often you need to repair broken bridges. Instead of doing 
    so and attacking the enemy on the other side, I now build a tower or two, and 
    more importantly, some siege weapons and lure my enemies towards the bridge. 
    You need scouts and a way to start the battle - usually siege with hawk can do 
    this. Since the bridge is not built there is no melee combat, and usually they 
    cannot engage in range attack (or at least not effectively)." Also remember 
    that bridges make good ambush spots when built.
    4.3 Romans
    4.3.1 General
    Roman units are characterised by organisation and defense. Entity comments: 
    "Romans have strong defence so, with a healer, your men survive a bunch more 
    battles." They are well suited to many of the campaign missions where the 
    player initially starts without a base or any means of recruiting additional 
    troops. In many campaign scenarios there is no particular need to rush, which 
    allows short sharp battles to be followed by a period of healing. The same 
    time can also be used for scouting. 
    From nitroace30: "I think the Legionaries are the best standard fighting unit 
    in the game - their turtle formation looks so good." Turtle formation is 
    discussed below. From xtend13: "The Romans are the most balanced, and the 
    square formations are easy to control." From Centurion: "Slingers are great 
    for destroying siege weapons and wearing down the enemy so they can't charge. 
    And don't forget the 30 troops to a unit either - makes their spearmen the 
    best in my eyes." Basic regular Roman units generally have about twice as many 
    men as other civilizations. In the case of Spearmen this is clearly an 
    advantage, since the more Spearmen one has, the easier it is to hold a line 
    with them. Having more men per unit should logically make the unit more combat 
    effective. This is in part true - Romans are certainly better than most 
    Egyptians man for man. However, the same logic does not always follow when 
    compared to Barbarians - in offensive combat a smaller total number of 
    Barbarian warriors can be quite effective, as discussed further below. 
    Shadow_Praetorian writes: "The Romans are the exact opposite to the Egyptians: 
    They have awesome infantry but they lack in the cavalry department." FV 
    Constantinus writes: "I love the speed of the Equites, very good for speeding 
    to the aid of a failing attack." Superdroideka adds: "Never use them [Equites] 
    for frontal assaults. They are best used to attack archers when your infantry 
    are fighting enemy infantry." The minor speed advantage of the Equites is 
    about their only advantage, especially when compared to the special cavalry of 
    other civilizations (German Cavalry, Parthian Cavalry and War Chariots). The 
    Roman commander must use native cavalry very carefully. From nitroace30: 
    "Sure, the Romans ain't got the best cavalry, but what they lack in mounted 
    units they make up for in infantry." Centurion writes: "Problems with the 
    Romans are that their Legionaries are slow, and man for man they can't take 
    4.3.2 Formations and tactics
    While the game punishes those who, for example, put archers in front of heavy 
    infantry when entering battle, there is no single correct formation. Often 
    formations need to be adapted for particular terrain or circumstances. Galen's 
    suggested Roman formation: 
    "- (a) Skirmishers in the front of the pack, expendables who can absorb the 
    first hit and reduce the ranks, for this Auxiliary Infantry. 
    - (b) Spearmen, with archers assigned to protect them. 
    - (c) Legionaries, assigned to protect Spearman. 
    - (d) Second wave of two units of archers moving together, with a right or 
    left flank Spearman unit protecting them. 
    - (e) 2-4 Legionaire groups. 
    - (f) The rear guard, auxiliary fighters and Spearman." 
    Telemach's suggestion is particularly useful when defending or ambushing: 
    "- Spearmen (kneeling [stationary] if taking an assault). 
    - Legions (holding position, or they'll rush the enemy). 
    - Archers (definitely kneeling). 
    - Cavalry (ready to rush lone groups of archers/catapults)." 
    RogueImpaler writes: "Have 9 sets of Legionaries stand in a cube form. Send 
    sets of archers in that cube and line them up nicely. Have your Centurion and 
    medics in the middle and line them up. Spearmen can form in the cube too. Now 
    give all of these troops a CTRL key assignment... It's awesome to see what 
    happens if you get rushed with this mega formation and you go to turtle 
    Centurion writes: "When I'm moving to engage the enemy on open ground I have 2 
    Legionaries at the front and 2 archers behind them with a slight space so they 
    don't get drawn into the melee. Then I have at the back another Legionaire 
    unit to be thrown into the fight as reinforcements. Protecting the rear of the 
    archers I have Auxillary Infantry." 
    From Athos: "I think the best use of formations in this game is when it comes 
    to luring the enemy upon your stationary army. Three spearmen troops up front, 
    with 2 ballistas on each flank. Then legionaries behind in standard formation, 
    with archers in front of the Legionaries and behind the spearmen in stationary 
    position. Then catapults behind all that with medics and leader. Cavalry to 
    the right or left to sweep behind the enemy assault for archers or artillery 
    (so they don't take out your stationary spearmen)." 
    Loki writes: "Don't move all your units at the same time. If you suspect an 
    archer ambush in the woods along the roads, send your legions in turtle mode - 
    they can't harm you much. When you encounter the enemy, use your legions to 
    block enemy pikemen, then send your cavalry (which you had previously hot-
    keyed) to slaughter enemy archers who stand behind the pikemen. You really 
    need to master the turtle/archers/cavalry routines if you want to travel with 
    minimal damage. If the enemy archers are in the forest, your best bet is to 
    send a turtled legion to attack them or 'deturtle' a legion and RUN to attack 
    them. It's a lot bloodier, but archers are very nasty and can wipe 
    cavalry/pikemen in no time when protected by forests. Of course, the same 
    tactics apply to you when you are attacked - put your archers in forests, but 
    ALWAYS leave a legion with them to protect them."
    4.3.3 Turtle formation
    Centurion writes: "Turtle formation makes your Legionaries practically 
    invulnerable to a small amount of missile fire (even Balaeric Slingers). When 
    in turtle formation advance towards the archers. When near, come out of the 
    turtle formation and charge. In turtle formation Legionaries' fighting 
    capacity is severely lessened than in standard formation, so if an enemy is 
    coming at you stay in standard formation. It's also a good idea to have a 
    medic to accompany them, in case there is much missile fire." With modest 
    arrow-fire, a healer can keep alive a few turtled Legionaries for several 
    minutes. The healer is gerenally not fired upon, so long as he remains behind 
    the Legionaries. 
    From Random: "I use turtle formation whenever possible. Use standard formation 
    when walking across the map or it will take forever, but in combat it's best 
    to use turtle formation. Especially if the enemy has archers, since the turtle 
    is almost invincible against arrows." Loki adds: "Send a turtled legion if you 
    suspect an archer ambush. Using the scouts, you send a turtled legion because 
    you KNOW there is an archer ambush." 
    From superdroideka: "How to counter turtle formation? Move your archers to 
    water or attack the turtle with melee warriors." Ballistas are also rather 
    effective against turtled Legionaries - the target is slow moving, so easy to 
    hit, and the troops are close together so casualties will be high.
    4.3.4 Praetorians
    From superdroideka: "Praetorians are extremely powerful melee troops. Use them 
    to aid Legionaries against melee warriors. The only thing they are afraid of 
    are archers using hit and run attacks." Athos writes: "The Romans may be 
    boring, but when you see a unit of Praetorians fight their way out of 
    overwhelming odds because of their immense defense, well, that is amazing." 
    From Centurion: "The Praetorian unit pretty much destroys anything in its 
    path. I use Praetorians to burst through stationary spearmen lines followed 
    with Legionaries and my own spearmen." 
    Prefect comments: "Praetorians are easily defeated by Berserkers, and 
    Chariots." Mark OHearn writes: "There is no single unit capable of destroying 
    a Praetorian troop. German Calvary are great but won't kill the troop, even 
    with a charge. And the Bersekers simply don't have enough defence to last. 
    Ranged attacks are great while melee troops engage. A troop of Praetorians 
    with a medic is very difficult to stop. While I still love the fast-pace and 
    aggressive nature of the Barbarians, and can certainly appreciate War Chariots 
    and Nubian Archers, there is a good reason why the game was named after the 
    Praetorian unit - they are the best single unit."
    4.4 Barbarians
    4.4.1 General
    Barbarian units are characterised by a strong offensive attack, generally 
    slightly faster infantry, and overall more power per man. Centurion writes: 
    "They are the strongest fighters in the game, man for man they will always 
    win, unfortunately they are the slowest to build (72 seconds for 16 warriors) 
    and are usually swamped by enemy forces that out-number them. But with a 
    Chieftain at a high level the Barbarians get an insane offensive bonus, and 
    they can steal enemy mana/stamina." Barbarians are perhaps the most difficult 
    army to use effectively: In my experience they are not as easy to keep alive 
    as Romans, but lack the rapid replacement abilities of Egyptians. While their 
    special units are excellent, some are very hard to use effectively, notably 
    4.4.2 Melee Infantry
    Shadow_Praetorian writes: "Barbarians have the best attacking infantry. 
    Beserkers and Warriors throw rocks." From Lt_Kerensky: "Infantry are tough, 
    but expensive and, due to throwing axes being slightly worse than Pilum, not 
    as combat effective as Roman Auxiliary Infantry. As catapults and other siege 
    engines use the same number of infantry to man them, this actually means that 
    siege machines are more expensive for the Barbarians." Of course the 
    'cheapest' war machines and siege engines are produced by the Egyptians, by 
    virtue of the low 'cost' of their slave units. Lt_Kerensky continues: 
    "Warriors are the toughest standard infantry. In large numbers they are the 
    masters of the open battle due their speed and power. Throwing stones can be a 
    treat when pursuing a fleeing enemy. ... Berserkers excel when fighting large 
    masses of foot enemies. They are 'mob' killers, and will dispatch, with ease, 
    up to 2 Legionaire troops or 4 Soldier troops. Bad choice when fighting 
    cavalry, Gladiators, Praetorians and ranged troops." Neoendofday adds: "Try 
    Berserkers and pair them with slingers."
    4.4.3 Cavalry
    FV Constantinus writes: "The Noblemen are awesome. They are great fighters. I 
    can send them to the front of the attack many times before they start to take 
    big loses." From Lt_Kerensky: "Noblemen are the best standard cavalry. They 
    are not as quick as the Equites, and are as vulnerable to spears and arrows. 
    [But] They can defeat almost any unit on their own." 
    From Athos: "The Barbarians are great for the sheer power they have with their 
    units, and how German Cavalry can dominate the field when put to good use. The 
    fact that they can ride into the woods does make them almost uber units." 
    Centurion notes: "They [German Cavalry] get severely kicked by Praetorians." 
    German Cavalry are highly effective against the majority of single targets, 
    particularly when they charge them. I find they perform less well when swamped 
    by several enemy and are forced to fight their way out.
    4.4.4 Hunters
    Hunters have the ability to hide, almost unseen in woodland, and pounce on 
    passing enemy, causing huge amounts of damage. This ability sounds 
    particularly dangerous, but in practice it is hard to make effective use of. 
    From Kmorg74: "The ambush is a great leveller for the Barbarians. Best way is 
    to avoid that wood area if you can do so. They cannot hurt you if you do not 
    need control of that area. And if they come after you, cavalry slaughters 
    them." Centurion writes: "I send Legionaries just outside their position. Then 
    send a cheap unit such as a scout to the forest very close to were they are. 
    When hunters use ambush tactics, they just kill the scout leaving me free to 
    charge with Legionaries." 
    LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "If I have the time, I always send a scout's wolf 
    ahead into the forests. I avoid attacking Hunters in forests with melee units, 
    if I can help it. I have archers hit them. If the Hunters attack, they're 
    easily wiped out in the open. When I've used Hunters in multiplayer, my 
    opponents run them down with Germanic cavalry (which operate in forests) with 
    no losses to them. One guy I played had three Hunter units in grasslands when 
    my Wolf Scout found them: lucky I had some archers and flaming arrows... When 
    I've used Hunters against the AI skirmish, I've found it was a time-waster: 
    One good ambush isn't too important when the AI is capturing more villages 
    than me."
    4.5 Egyptians
    4.5.1 General
    Basic Egyptian units are quick to build, but generally very fragile. Their 
    special cavalry is excellent. Prefect writes: "Can't beat their 
    cavalry/chariots. Soldiers are way underpowered though. Guards have nice 
    defense, and Nubian Archers rule. Everything is built quickly, and rushes 
    well." They are favoured for those seeking to win a game rapidly, using a 
    Slave rush tactic called Slut Rape (see below). Entity writes: "Egyptians can 
    pump out units fast, not to mention having archers that can actually replace 
    the basic ones totally. However, if you can't organize mass units well in 
    battle, prepare to get your butt kicked." Egyptians perform poorly man for 
    man, however with good tactics they can still be effective and inflict 
    disproportionately heavy loses on the enemy. 
    From Centurion: "Their units are so fragile, even Guards set to stationary can 
    be obliterated with ease, however War Chariots are great at decimating 
    standard infantry types, Nubian Archers are excellent at harassing the enemy 
    [using poison]. And Parthian Cavalry is good for leading troops away and 
    wearing them down gradually, however if fighting the Romans you have to be 
    careful of Equities, which are really fast and can run Parthian Cavalry down. 
    Also the Egyptians have balanced officials for their armies. Their infantry 
    can 'pray' to regain stamina and are cheap to produce so you can get more 
    troops out of a village than any other group in the game, so you can have 
    superiority in numbers." 
    From superdroideka: "Build lots and lots of troops because you'll lose many of 
    them. The backbone of your army will be Soldiers, supported with many archers. 
    Double click on the location where you want your soldiers to go to: they don't 
    have a special attack so don't save their stamina. If you have honour points, 
    create Camel Riders and War Chariots first, build expensive missile warriors 
    when you have enough powerful melee cavalry to support you shock infantry. A 
    few Ballistas are always welcome: they kill any unit in their path so use them 
    on approaching powerful soldiers like Praetorians, Berserkers or German 
    Cavalry." ShadowFiend describes a non-rush tactic for Egyptians: "Basically 
    amassing Soldiers and basic archers. Barbarians fall like flies from arrows so 
    they are easy prey. Furthermore with numbers I can easily match the better 
    quality troops and overcome them." 
    From DTRY: "Nubian Archers can fire poison arrows - a real pain to the enemy." 
    Me$$iaH writes: "Nubian Archers aren't that strong. Their only strong point is 
    the poison, but that doesn't do extraordinary damage. I believe Hunters are 
    stronger." With a Physician nearby, Nubian Archers are not effective. However, 
    in most games there is a limit of two on the number of healers allowed. 
    Without healers nearby, poison is very effective, especially if the Nubian 
    Archers can fire one volley of poison darts, then flee, leaving their prey to 
    slowly die. 
    Superdroideka writes: "[War] Chariots have more hit points than German Cavalry 
    but one squad contains only 8 chariots. Use them to assist your melee infantry 
    during the battle. Try to attack archers first and when the enemy archers are 
    dead, attack the rear of the enemy infantry." 
    From Mark OHearn: "A neat trick with the Egyptians is the mirage ability of 
    their leader." The mirage creates what appears to be an extra unit. It can be 
    moved and will draw fire until engaged in melee combat.
    4.5.2 Slut Rape
    From Athos: "The whole 'slut rape' tactic makes me think of anyone who plays 
    as an Egyptian a rusher." This tactic involves a 'rush' of slave units early 
    in the game. "Nubian Archers and their poison, do rock, and the Parthian 
    Cavalry is amazing, but mostly you see them being used for their super rush 
    Athos continues: "Here's a picture of the infamous slut rape strategy that 
    many newbie Egyptian players employ to win the game in under 3 minutes: 
    Essentially once your Egyptian enemy has greater than two cities taken, and 
    are whipping out Slaves like no tomorrow the game is already over. The worst 
    part is, you can't counter-rush because you know more Slaves are on the way. 
    ... It doesn't take 3000 Slaves to take out a legion, more like 500 who 
    swiftly sweep onto their opponents who only have 2 maybe 3 legions, some 
    spearmen and some archers. Slaves = 12 seconds. Legionaries = 75 seconds. That 
    means you can get out 6 Slave units by the time it takes your opponent to get 
    out one legion troop." 
    ShadowFiend writes: "With Barbarian spearmen I can block any kind of rush. 1 
    Barbarian spearmen = 2 1/4 Slaves in strength. One tower with 1 archer can 
    block slut rape quite easily. ... The basic of blocking rush is to always 
    stick to fortified places and where you can exploit the terrain to your 
    advantage... and have spearmen. 4-5 of them in the row. The first unit you 
    should train is a healer."
    4.6 Skirmish and Multiplayer
    4.6.1 Skirmish
    Skirmishes against computer players undoubtedly benefit from simply capturing 
    villages as fast as possible. This gives a greater troop production capacity, 
    so in any war of attrition the player with the most villages wins. From 
    Outcast_Rebel: "I tend to grab at least 3 settlements as soon as possible, and 
    start pumping out units as fast as the settlements will allow. I go for my 
    tower defences as I am pumping out units. You tend to get a jump on the enemy 
    quicker this way." Shamaani writes: "[I send] my first Auxiliary Infantry to 
    the first village with its Centurion. I demote my Pikemen and get 1 or 2 new 
    Auxiliary Infantry and Centurion to get 1 or 2 villages in the first minute of 
    play. Then, for each village, I build a tower and get archers first (for the 
    tower). Only after that do I start developing my army." 
    Random writes: "I usually recruit, alternately, Legionaries and archers to 
    begin with. You can build up an army fairly quickly. The important thing, I 
    think, is to protect your towns with towers and keep attacking the enemy. 
    Don't let them build too many troops without a challenge. Don't worry if you 
    lose some troops too, because your towers will protect you from whatever 
    forces the computer has left. Capturing one village with a high population is 
    a good idea, like the centre town in the demo's map. Some of the best battles 
    can be fought over that centre town. My games usually last around 20 minutes, 
    so the troops I usually recruit are archers and Legionaries and maybe some 
    Equites later. Praetorians and such take too long to recruit in a 20 minute 
    game. Make sure you recruit some priests and have them 'protect' your 
    infantry; that'll give you a big advantage when fighting. Also, don't 
    underestimate the power of a levelled-up Centurion. Just keep attacking and 
    don't let up. After a few battles you'll get on top."
    4.6.2 Online
    This section is based heavily on the writings of Mark OHearn, and owes little 
    or nothing to the experience of this author. Basic concepts like understanding 
    the strengths and weaknesses of troops and formations are still important. 
    However, most players find that the online multiplayer game is not like the 
    campaign. Tactics applicable to the campaign, or even the AI player in a 
    skirmish, do not always work well in multiplayer. From Mark OHearn: "For the 
    most part forget about thinking - do. What I mean is that if at the start of 
    the game you have to think what your plan of attack will be, you're certainly 
    at a significant disadvantage, so much so that you may have already lost." 
    Before playing online, practice. Mark OHearn again: "You are going to learn 
    the computer's strategy, but more importantly, you are going to learn the map 
    terrain." The learning process extends into multiplayer itself. OHearn 
    suggests saving each game sequence (this options is available at the end of 
    the game) and replaying them to learn from your opponent. 
    Me$$iaH writes: "I choose a race based on the race my opponent chooses. If my 
    opponent is Roman, I choose Barbarians because Barbarians can take on Romans 
    easily with a big army. If my opponent is Barbarian, I choose Egyptians - with 
    a large number of soldiers, 2 priests and a few pharaohs [officials?], Egypt 
    takes on Barbarians easily. When my opponent is playing Egyptians, I choose 
    Romans - Egyptians often build large groups of archers, so turtle formation 
    gives you an advantage, and Soldiers are no match for Legionaries." 
    Mark OHearn writes: "After studying countless openings from very skilful 
    players, I have concluded that there is NO ultimate best start, so stop 
    searching for it. My only advice is to keep your units together so they are 
    harder to destroy. A general opening includes building immediately at the 
    closest base and moving my soldiders (spearmen and archers) to the next 
    village with the largest population. This may be closest to me or to my enemy. 
    Scouting should be established right away, before your opponent spreads out 
    and kills your scouts as they try to get into place. ... I was very successful 
    in most of my earlier games at destroying the villages closer to my enemy and 
    winning with superior population. Later, people became better players and 
    realized this and either protected them better (spread out quicker), or 
    attacked/took over 'my' bases." 
    Athos writes: "Don't avoid contact with your opponents. The more you fight 
    them (and hopefully the more casualties you inflict) and the more you move on, 
    the harder it gets for them. Plus, more honor points, which means better units 
    like Praetorians or German Cavalry." This can work against you if your attacks 
    are effectively repelled by the enemy - losing you a lot of troops and giving 
    the enemy Honour Points. This particularly applies to attacking villages - 
    attack with everything you can to ensure success. RogueImpaler comments: "I 
    try to build an army really quickly and then go all out leaving only one set 
    behind for little defense." 
    From Mark OHearn: "Understand whether you should takeover a certain village or 
    destroy it. Usually, unless your plan says otherwise, first destroy the 
    garrison. Then you can later decide whether to: (a) burn it; (b) control it; 
    (c) leave it alone for later use. ... Early in the game if you do decide to 
    burn a village close to your opponent's starting position, consider demoting 
    your archers after you set the village on fire to slow down and possibly 
    prevent your opponent's workers from killing your archers and saving the 
    Athos again: "One thing I've noticed is to keep pressing the attack. Expand 
    and fast, keep building units, but don't sit still. Just keep moving, 
    attacking. Don't settle on 3 villages and then decide to build up, because the 
    enemy is building up more on the villages you decided not to capture. 
    Basically the more you attack and the more you push your opponent back, the 
    more difficult it is for them." Mark OHearn adds: "Never give up, if you are 
    being cornered start building towers and setting up a strong defence. ... At 
    the end of a game, if your enemy is cornered and has setup a strong defence, 
    re-create (demote) your army into a siege assault force." 
    OHearn continues: "Always start training better troops when you have the 
    honour points. Always ensure your villages have troops waiting to be trained. 
    Try to limit access to your base of operation by the least number of paths, 
    and build up your forces in these areas. And always have another plan of 
    attack when your enemy defeats your initial assault plan, including falling 
    back to regroup instead of losing too many troops in a hopeless cause." 
    RogueImpaler writes: "Most of the time the people you team up with don't 
    really play as a team, while your enemies do. This is because either your 
    allies want to build up defense first or they don't even care to help you 
    out." From Mark OHearn: "When playing multiplayer games, you absolutely have 
    to work together. Clans easily win games when playing non-clan players who 
    rather protect themselves then help their allies. Same principal applies in 
    multiplayer games - assemble a mass of troops together and attack one village 
    at a time. The trick, of course, is to have your other allies work together on 
    this strategy. Imagine your chances against the troops of three armies against 
    your own, while either your allies are staying at their home base or are too 
    far away to help in time. Destroy or take over large populated villages - 
    again, as a team."
    This section provides a 'walkthrough' for the single-player campaign. This is 
    not a blow by blow account of precisely how to fight battles, rather a guide 
    to possible strategies for meeting objectives. It is likely that personal 
    preference for defensive or offensive styles or different troop deployments 
    will affect how battles are fought. Where specific battles are particularly 
    tough I have included some possible tactics. These may not be the only viable 
    tactics; they are intended to help players that might otherwise regard the 
    battle or mission as impossible to win. 
    The 'walkthrough' assumes 'normal' difficulty, except for the first two 
    tutorial levels which can only be played as 'easy'. Difficulty settings affect 
    a number of factors, including starting army, and overall intelligence and 
    tactical ability of the AI (Artificial Intelligence) players. Some of the 
    strategies presented may not be as effective at the 'hard' difficulty setting. 
    Likewise, other options may be viable when playing 'easy'. All the strategies 
    presented have been tested on 'normal' difficulty, so do work; although player 
    inexperience with basic game concepts and troop usage may make some missions 
    seem impossible regardless of strategy: 
    Many missions are tough. Even die-hard strategy fans or war-gamers will find 
    themselves replaying some missions a few times before they are successful. 
    This document will hopefully help, but cannot entirely replace the process of 
    learning by trial and error. Don't be afraid to restart a few times when 
    things go wrong: Although frustrating, you will get much better at playing. If 
    you cannot get past a certain mission, even on 'easy', it is possible to edit 
    the game to allow you to play subsequent missions - see Are there any cheats 
    or trainers? Can I skip a level? below. 
    Basic maps have been provided in ASCII. They show important paths, rivers, 
    bridges, villages and fortifications. They omit elevations and terrain types 
    completely. These maps are not intended to show every detail, rather as a 
    guide to the approximate position of mission critical elements such as 
    villages or objectives. They should be used in conjunction with the in-game 
    maps. Note that one can see all terrain once the mission starts - 'fog of war' 
    only applies to hostile units. Compass point directions given in the text 
    assume north is at the top of the page/screen, south at the bottom. 
    Missions last until all the objectives have been completed. Current objective 
    status can be seen in-game by pressing F9, or Esc and selecting objectives 
    from the menu. Some objectives simply need to be maintained throughout the 
    mission, for example keeping a certain character alive. Other objectives can 
    be completed during a mission and then forgotten about - such objectives 
    appear as green on the in-game list. Objectives often change during a mission. 
    They are shown in a format such as: 
    - Starting objective. 
    - + New objective once that starting objective is complete. 
    - Another starting objective. 
    + Objective added during the mission (triggered by something other than 
    another objective being met). 
    The starting units shown are those under your control at the outset; not 
    allies or future reinforcements. The starting units listed are those on 
    'normal' difficulty, and may not be relevant to 'easy' or 'hard' (see What do 
    the difficulty settings change? above). 'Available units' are troops types 
    that may be trained, often later in the mission once a village has been 
    gained. 'Available construction' indicates what infantry may build.
    5.1 Tutorial I
    5.1.1 Overview
    Location: Province of Cisalpine Gaul, Northern Italy. 
    Date: February 17, 58 BC. 
    - Meet your guide at the river. 
    - + Agrado of Talagatta must survive. 
    - + Escort Agrado of Talagatta to the end of the valley. 
    - Destroy all enemy forces. 
    Unit Control Points: 84/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 4/50. 
    Starting units: Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), 2x Spearmen 
                       .-'      '-.
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    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Agrado of Talagatta (Scout). 
    3 = Gaul Bandit Infantry. 
    4 = Gaul Bandit Bowmen. 
    5 = Gaul Bandit army. 
    6 = Exit location.
    5.1.2 Strategy
    You can opt not to play the four tutorial levels, and jump straight to 
    Crossing the River Arar. I strongly recommend you work through the tutorials. 
    Even if you have played a few skirmish games, some features such as siege 
    techniques may be new. 
    As with all the tutorials, follow the instructions that appear in the top 
    right hand side of the screen. Take some time to become familiar with your new 
    units and their special formations and attacks. Remember Auxiliary Infantry 
    have a limited combat ability: They are primarily engineers used for building 
    and repairing (and in true Roman style, making the army look bigger). 
    Practice troop selection and basic movement. Running decreases troops' 
    stamina. Stamina recovers naturally over time. Make use of key-based troop 
    groups (CTRL+1-9, then 1-9 to recall). I tend to assign keys based on unit 
    type, or at the very least assign ranged, melee, and special units to 
    different key groups. While such groups may seem excessive in this mission 
    they are almost essential when fighting with ten or twenty units, so using 
    them is a good habit to get into. You will then be asked to march to the river 
    (2 on the map above). When you arrive, Agrado of Talagatta, a Scout, will join 
    your forces. Use his hawk to scout out the area close to the bridge (3 on the 
    map above), revealing a small enemy force of Gaul Bandits. Use your spearmen 
    and archers to kill these enemies, and in doing so, secure the bridge. (There 
    is no formal way to capture a bridge, just destroy enemy units nearby.) 
    Battles here are quite easy because you generally out-number the enemy. Try to 
    experiment with tactics that play to your troops' strengths. Archers work best 
    in a stationary formation protected by a line of melee troops. In particular, 
    ranged troops gain an advantage from good scouting. Very often scouts (in this 
    case via the hawk) will be able to spot targets that are within archers' 
    range, but which those archers cannot see. This becomes more important later 
    when attacking enemy positioned on higher ground or hidden in vegetation. 
    Spearmen can also be highly effective in a stationary formation when the enemy 
    is forced to attack them. While spearmen will be successful here in a direct 
    assault and melee, you may wish to try luring enemy melee troops into an 
    ambush. For example, position your Spearmen in a line on the southern side of 
    the bridge. Move your archers up behind the Spearmen and set them to the 
    stationary position. Your archers should have the enemy in their range, luring 
    those enemy into the line of Spearmen. Where possible, plan your attacks - you 
    cannot retreat troops that have been engaged in battle, so try to get all your 
    fighting troops into battle at the same time. Keep your Auxiliary Infantry out 
    of the battle at this stage. 
    After the battle, join your two Spearmen units into one unit. Head west until 
    you see the enemy unit hiding in the trees (4 on the map above). Spearmen 
    cannot enter dense woodland, so you will need deal with this enemy using a 
    combination of archers and Auxiliary Infantry, or lure the enemy out into the 
    open (harder because this enemy has a ranged attack). Your Hawk Scout cannot 
    spot units hidden in woodland (for this you would need a Wolf Scout, not 
    available in this mission). 
    Scout the elevated area just to the north (5 on the map above) to reveal enemy 
    infantry and bowmen. On the road just north of the elevated area there is a 
    further enemy army. Try to take the elevated area quickly, and then position 
    your archers upon it. Your archers will gain a range and visibility advantage 
    over the enemy, while the ridge affords them some protection. Position your 
    remaining troops on the approach to the elevated area. Once the battle is 
    over, move Agrado of Talagatta to the far north of the map (6 on the map 
    above) to complete the mission.
    5.2 Tutorial II
    5.2.1 Overview
    Location: Province of Transalpine Gaul, Southern Gaul. 
    Date: March 2, 58 BC. 
    - Capture the village of Talagatta. 
    - Eliminate all enemy forces. 
    - Cnaeus Gabinus must survive. 
    - Caius Titus must survive. 
    - Agrado must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 123/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 7/50. 
    Starting units: Agrado of Talagatta (Scout), 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Caius 
    Titus Rudus (Centurion, level 1), Cnaeus Gabinus Illyricus (Physician), 2x 
    Spearmen (30). 
    Available units: Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Spearmen. 
    Available construction: Defensive Tower (after first troop trained), repair.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Talagatta. Population 200. 
    3 = Enemy tower. 
    4 = Stone bridge. 
    5 = Ford.
    5.2.2 Strategy
    At the start of the mission you will be attacked from the north. Quickly 
    switch your Spearmen and archers to stationary position and you should be able 
    to kill the attackers without taking any loses. The mission starts with two 
    new units - Centurion and Physician. The Centurion is a commanding officer and 
    gives troops in his area of influence (blue circle) combat bonuses. These 
    bonuses increase the more battles he commands. The Physician automatically 
    heals injured troops within his area of influence (green circle), and can also 
    be instructed to heal specific units. Physicians cannot bring troops back from 
    the dead. 
    March north up the road to Talagatta. As you approach you will be attacked by 
    enemy infantry and bowmen. Once the defenders have been killed, attack the 
    garrison building on the north-west side of the village. Do not attack the 
    village itself. Once the garrison has been destroyed, the village chieftain 
    will be evicted from the village, so be ready to fight him. Demote one unit 
    (either spearmen or archers) to form a unit of Auxiliary Infantry, with which 
    to build a new garrison. Finally, move your Centurion into the village to 
    allow troops to be recruited. 
    Each village has a population pool from which troops may be recruited. In 
    Talagatta's case, the total population is 200. Each of the three recruitment 
    options available in this mission decreases the population by 30. While 
    population recovers slowly over time, initially you will only be able to train 
    six new units. There are further limitations on current army size, neither of 
    which is immediately relevant: Unit Control Points (total head-count limit for 
    the mission, currently 500) and Troop Control Points (total unit-count limit 
    for the mission, currently 50). Feel free to keep pumping out new archers and 
    spearmen; at least until you need your Centurion again to command the battle. 
    Construct a defensive tower just to the east of the village, and place some 
    archers in it. Shortly afterwards two waves of light enemy troops will attack 
    from the east. Once their attack is over build additional troops - you will 
    struggle with only 3 or 4 units, but 10 will be plenty :-) . Once training is 
    complete, order your Centurion to return to commanding the troops. Now attack 
    the enemy tower (3 on the map above). 
    There are two alternative approaches to the tower. The direct road via the 
    stone bridge (4 on the map above) forces your troops to march directly below 
    the tower and then loop back onto elevated ground before they can assault it. 
    The alternative ford crossing (5 on the map above) avoids fighting close to 
    the tower. There are additional enemy troops lurking in the woods, both on the 
    route to the tower and just to the south of the tower. The tower itself is 
    guarded by a small enemy force. Attack the tower using archers, who will set 
    it alight. Melee attacks against towers tend to do less damage, and inflict 
    greater casualties on your troops. If you have trained some additional troops 
    the battle should be quite straightforward.
    5.3 Tutorial III
    5.3.1 Overview
    Location: Near the City of Matisco, Gaul Kingdom of Aeduii. 
    Date: March 25, 58 BC. 
    - Capture the village of Matisco. 
    - Eliminate all enemy forces. 
    - Caius Titus must survive. 
    - Cnaeus Gabinus must survive. 
    - Agrado of Talagatta must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 158/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 9/50. 
    Starting units: Agrado of Talagatta (Scout), Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary 
    Infantry (30), Caius Titus Rudus (Centurion, level 0), Cnaeus Gabinus 
    Illyricus (Physician), 2x Legionaries (30), Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Hawk Scout, 
    Legionaries, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder (once Fortress reached), Catapult (once 
    ladders complete), Defensive Tower, repair.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Matisco. Population 200. 
    3 = Aeduii fortress.
    5.3.2 Strategy
    This mission starts with two new units - Legionaries and the Wolf Scout. The 
    later allows dense woodland and grassland to be scouted, and you should use 
    the wolf to find the enemy troops hidden in the woodland just to the east of 
    your start location. Use your Legionaries and archers to kill them. Unlike 
    Spearmen, Legionaries are capable of fighting in woodland. 
    Capture Matisco (2 on the map above) by using your Auxiliary Infantry to build 
    a new garrison next to the village. This village is neutral at the outset, so 
    there is no need to destroy anything. A group of enemy troops will attack from 
    the north. As you engage them you may be fired at by enemy bowmen positioned 
    on the ridged area on the far west side. Recruit the two additional Auxiliary 
    Infantry as instructed, plus a range of other combat units: Archers, 
    Legionaries and Spearmen are all potentially useful in the coming battle. If 
    you are patient, you can produce as many troops as the mission Unit/Troop 
    Control Points (500/50) allow. Ensure you bring your Centurion to the front 
    line before commencing battle. 
    March towards the fortress (3 on the map above), but do not get too close. 
    Select a unit of Auxiliary Infantry and construct some ladders. Follow these 
    by a few Catapults. Construction should take place behind your lines - these 
    units can be moved to the front at the appropriate time. Reform the remaining 
    Auxiliary Infantry once construction is complete. 
    As you approach the fortress enemy cavalry will ride out and attack you. 
    Stationary Spearmen are very effective against cavalry. Set them up in a line, 
    and send a fast unit (such as your Centurion) towards the fortress to lure the 
    cavalry into an ambush. 
    The final assault on the fortress benefits from similar decoy tactics. Siege 
    weapons such as ladders and Catapults are very vulnerable to attack. For 
    example, Catapults firing stones are very effective against stationary troops 
    (such as those enemy units on the walls), however it only takes a few fire 
    arrows to set a Catapult alight. While burning Catapults can be repaired 
    (order spare Auxiliary Infantry to repair them), conducting repairs mid-battle 
    is somewhat inconvenient. The main threat while outside the fortress is from 
    enemy bowmen on the walls. Rather than letting them fire at vulnerable units, 
    use Legionaries in 'Turtle' formation. In this formation, very little damage 
    will be taken from arrows. Your Legionaries can safely soak enemy fire while 
    you advance those units you intend to assault the fortress walls with, such as 
    Catapults, archers and ladders. 
    There are two ways into the fortress. Either move ladders up to the walls, and 
    then let melee troops climb onto the walls; or break down the gate. The 
    easiest way to break down a gate is to use a battering ram; but those are not 
    available in this mission. While regular melee troops or Catapults can attack 
    the gate, this will take a long time. I think it is preferable to try and 
    advance by climbing the walls. When using ladders, try to ensure all enemy on 
    the walls have been killed, then move the ladder into position and quickly 
    order melee troops (Legionaries are ideal) up onto the walls to deal with 
    enemy melee troops that will attempt to repel your attack. Defeat all the 
    enemy defenders, including the Chieftain, to complete the mission. 
    This tutorial is a good introduction to the idea of using the right unit for 
    right job. Randomly throwing units at the fortress will result in huge loses, 
    while careful tactics can reduce loses to almost nothing.
    5.4 Tutorial IV
    5.4.1 Overview
    Location: Near the City of Carilocus, Gaul Kingdom of the Aeduii. 
    Date: April 1, 58 BC [ok, where's the joke...?]. 
    - Dubalix must be stopped. 
    - Caius Titus Rudus must survive. 
    - Cnaeus Gabinus Illyricus must survive. 
    + Agrado of Talagatta must survive (new objective after reinforcements 
    Unit Control Points: 296/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 13/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Caius Titus Rudus (Centurion, level 
    0), Cnaeus Gabinus Illyricus (Physician), 2x Equites (12), 4x Legionaries 
    (30), 2x Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Equites, Hawk Scout, 
    Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Balia. Population 100. 
    3 = Lancre. Population 100. 
    4 = Carilocus. Population 200. Dubalix retreats to here. 
    5 = Aeduii bowmen. 
    6 = Aeduii infantry and bowmen. 
    7 = Destroyed bridge. 
    8 = Agrado of Talagatta with reinforcements. 
    9 = Tower on ridged area.
    5.4.2 Strategy
    Again the mission introduces a new unit, Equite cavalry. These are fast, with 
    a poor defense, and cannot enter woodland. They are best used to race towards 
    an otherwise poorly defended unit, such as the bowmen found to the north of 
    your start location (5 on the map above). If you take the most direct route, 
    your Legionaries will not be able to follow, since they cannot cross the 
    shallow water. 
    Once the bowmen have been killed, move your main force towards the next enemy 
    group (6 on the map above). As you approach the enemy infantry and bowmen, 
    cavalry will attack from the south-east. The cavalry are best repelled using 
    stationary Spearmen. Let your Legionaries handle the main enemy force, only 
    using Equites to pick off vulnerable bowmen. This will be easier if you give 
    certain troops hold orders before the battle commences. 
    Dubalix retreats and destroys the bridge marked 7 on the map above. Place 
    archers on the opposite bank of the river (in stationary position to gain 
    range), and let them fire on the enemy Catapults. 
    Demote one unit to create an Auxiliary Infantry unit (I think Spearmen are the 
    least useful here, so I would demote one unit of them) and repair the bridge. 
    Wooden bridges can be repaired in this way. Stone bridges cannot be destroyed 
    or repaired. Now cross the bridge and engage the enemy army on the other side. 
    Try to lead with your Legionaries and Spearmen, position archers near the 
    bridge where they can fire at most targets from safety, and use Equites to 
    chase down vulnerable enemy units. If you wish to use some of your Auxiliary 
    Infantry to construct a Catapult or two, do so before any unit crosses the 
    After the battle, Agrado of Talagatta arrives with reinforcements (at location 
    8 on the map above). This force contains Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary 
    Infantry, level 0 Centurion, Equites, and two units of Legionaries. Gather 
    your forces together and scout ahead. Gaius Julius notes: "It's important to 
    use scouts in this game; they're your eyes, and ears. You'll hear this over, 
    and over." ...and this is one of many missions without time pressure, so a 
    minute or two spent scouting ahead has no obvious disadvantage. Also learn to 
    advance in a defensive style - notably 'turtle' your Legionaries to protect 
    them from enemy arrows as they slowly advance. Be prepared to lock your 
    Legionaries into melee combat (de-turtle them beforehand), then send your 
    Equites through the line to deal with enemy bowmen and Catapults. 
    I suggest you capture Balia first (2 on the map above), and produce additional 
    troops before advancing further. Equites require Honour Points, in addition to 
    population. Honour Points are gained from battles - you should have more than 
    enough by this stage of the mission. Lopodunus writes: "I built three towers 
    at the first village and let the Gauls run into my Auxiliary Archers. That way 
    they lost lots of men while I was beefing up my forces through recruiting." 
    Just placing your troops on the ridge the village is built on, pointing east, 
    with hold orders, and waiting for enemy patrols to walk past is remarkably 
    effective too. 
    Lancre (3 on the map above) can be approach by pathway, but the route runs 
    close to the tower (marked 9 on the map above). One option is to send troops 
    through the woodland and attack the village from the south. This is the 
    easiest attack route, but Equites and Spearmen will not pass through the wood. 
    You may be able to skirt around the enemy tower, but the tower has an annoying 
    habit of firing at your troops on nearby paths, so you may end up attacking it 
    anyway. From Lopodunus: "I ran two legions up the hill (moving west first and 
    then east towards the tower) and let them go ballistic on the tower." If your 
    loses have been modest, you may not need to take a second settlement in order 
    to produce enough troops. 
    Prepare for the final assault on Carilocus (4 on the map above) by taking the 
    high ground just to the east of the approach road. Consider building some 
    Catapults to deal with the two towers protecting the village. Once ready, draw 
    the main enemy army out of the village into an ambush. Then attack the towers 
    - turtled Legionaries as a decoy for Catapults and archers work well, but 
    watch out for reserve enemy cavalry. Lastly kill Dubalix to complete the 
    mission: There is no need to take all the villages or destroy every last enemy 
    5.5 Crossing the River Arar
    This mission also exists in the single-player demo version.
    5.5.1 Overview
    Location: River Arar, Gaul Kingdom of the Aeduii. 
    Date: May 2, 58 BC. 
    - Find Divitiacus. 
    - + Divitiacus must survive. 
    - Caius Titus must survive. 
    - Capture the village of Pons. 
    - Capture the village of Dubis. 
    Unit Control Points: 191/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 9/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), Caius 
    Titus Rudus (Centurion, level 1), Hawk Scout, 3x Legionaries (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Dubis. Population 300. 
    3 = Pons. Population 300. 
    4 = Allied Noblemen. 
    5 = Western bridge. Divitiacus. 
    6 = Eastern bridge. 
    7/8 = Enemy bowmen in wooded ridged area.
    5.5.2 Strategy
    Dubis (2 on the map above) is not heavily defended and can potentially be 
    taken almost immediately. However, I suggest that you meet with the allied 
    Noblemen (4 on the map above first), since this provides you with additional 
    troops - including Divitiacus himself, who is a Druid. Druids function in a 
    similar way to Physicians, but also have the ability to blind enemy troops. 
    Noblemen are similar to Equites, albeit slightly slower and better in combat. 
    Divitiacus is just to the north of the Noblemen, next to the western bridge (5 
    on the map above). Once you find Divitiacus and he joins your forces, retreat 
    to the south immediately - there are various enemy ranged troops on the 
    opposite side of the river, many of which you cannot see, let alone 
    effectively fight. 
    Now head towards Dubis (2 on the map above). I suggest you skirt round the 
    southern side of the map, picking off small groups of enemy as you go. Avoid 
    attacking from the north-west: You would come into the range of a group of 
    enemy bowmen who are hiding in a ridged area of woodland - point 7 on the map 
    above. With Dubis under your control deal with any remaining enemy on the 
    southern side of the river and crank out extra troops. Remember you can 
    promote a unit or two to create additional Centurions. You will also be able 
    to recruit Archer Cavalry for the first time. Archer Cavalry make good escorts 
    for melee cavalry and are an excellent unit to use when attempting to lure the 
    enemy into an ambush. You can only recruit Roman troops - not additional 
    Druids or Noblemen. 
    If you wish to attack Pons (3 on the map above) using Legionaries you must 
    secure the western bridge (5 on the map above). Legionaries can cross the 
    eastern bridge (6 on the map above) but they cannot then cross the shallow 
    water and advance further onto the northern side of the map. Of the two 
    bridges, the eastern is the most lightly defended. MaLiCe425 writes: "Set up 
    archers (about 2 full divisions) in stationary slightly behind the bridge 
    while your builders [Auxiliary Infantry] repair the bridge. This way the enemy 
    forces will be eliminated before the bridge is fixed." 
    A direct assault on the western bridge is possible. From Caius Vinceus XXI: 
    "Place some catapults before you repair the bridge. When you have repaired the 
    bridge, build a defensive tower as fast as possible and garrison it with 
    archers." The main difficulty with such an assault is that the bridge is both 
    guarded by Catapults on the path behind it, and bowmen in a wooded ridged area 
    just above the bridge (8 on the map above). Heavy casualties are likely while 
    you attempt to repair the bridge. Maximus Dominicus asks: "Why not try the 
    right bridge first, send equites (2 groups should do the trick) to eliminate 
    the archers waiting by the hill? In doing so your Auxiliary Infantry can 
    repair and cross the left bridge without any casualties." Take the eastern 
    bridge, then attack the defenders of the western bridge from behind their own 
    lines using cavalry. Take care not to stray too close to Pons, or you risk 
    luring the village's defenders out to attack your cavalry. Once the eastern 
    bridge has been cleared, repair it and move your Legionaries across. 
    Pons is defended by enemy troops on the main approach road and surrounding 
    woodland, and by troops on the ridged area to the north. A direct assault on 
    one or both of these is possible, but it is likely that an attack on one will 
    also cause the other group to join the battle. Maximus Dominicus suggests 
    moving your troops through woodland on to the ridged area just to the south-
    east of the village, and leaving cavalry by the eastern bridge. "Try 
    positioning your archers behind that village. Two legions to the north and 
    send one over the hill hiding by the trees. Don't forget to build a tower as 
    well. ... Send your Auxiliary [Infantry] to taunt the enemy using their Pilums 
    and quickly retreat behind your archers. The enemy will follow and they will 
    be greeted by raining arrows and your catapults. As soon as you see that you 
    are outnumbered bring in the Legionaries." Finish the confused enemy off with 
    cavalry. Personally I found it was difficult to get troops into position 
    without being spotted by the enemy, which lessened the effectiveness of this 
    tactic. Capture the village by building a new garrison next to it to complete 
    the mission.
    5.6 Escort to Bibracte
    5.6.1 Overview
    Location: Near the City of Bibracte, Capital of the Aeduii Kingdom. 
    Date: May 21, 58 BC. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    - Publius Licinius Crassus must survive. 
    - Escort Labienus and Publius to Bibracte. 
    Unit Control Points: 281/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 14/50. 
    Starting units: 3x Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), Equites 
    (12), Hawk Scout, 3x Legionaries (30), Physician, Publius Licinius Crassus 
    (Centurion, level 0), Spearmen (30), Titus Labienus (Centurion, level 0), Wolf 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Boxum. Population 400. 
    3 = Sidolacum. Population 700. 
    4 = Bibracte. 
    5 = Hidden bowmen. 
    6 = Ballista on ridge.
    5.6.2 Strategy
    At the start of the mission, your forces will come under moderately heavy 
    attack. Fortunately the start location is easily defended. Rapidly reposition 
    your units so that the Auxiliary Archers are on the ridged area overlooking 
    both main approaches, along with non-combat units such as the Physician and at 
    least one scout. Set the archers to 'Aggressive' mode so they fire at the 
    enemy as early as possible, and stationary mode so that their range is 
    maximised. Split your melee troops into two groups, one to guard each 
    approach. Place slightly more units on the eastern side. Assign a Centurion to 
    each group. Try to keep your troops where archers can give covering fire. 
    Unless you are very skilled, you will need to capture at least one village to 
    enable the creation of enough units to reach Bibracte. You have the option to 
    capture up to two villages. Attacking Boxum (2 on the map above) is entirely 
    optional, but it is quite lightly defended. Centurion writes: "After taking 
    the town prepare some defence (put archers in stationary mode on high ground, 
    have Legionaries in forests, and defend when the Barbarians attack)." From 
    xtend13: "Set up a garrison and make troops until the population is gone. You 
    should have enough honor points to build a strong cavalry. Create a mass of 
    Legionaries and back them up with archers." When ready, advance towards 
    Sidolacum (3 on the map above). 
    An alternative is to ignore Boxum, and use your starting force to capture 
    Sidolacum. This is a moderately tough battle, but can be won. As you approach 
    Sidolacum, use Legionaries in turtle formation to soak fire from enemy bowmen 
    hiding on higher ground at point 5 on the map above. Other units can avoid 
    this ambush by crossing the shallow water to the north of Sidolacum, however 
    this entails splitting your forces and attacking from different angles, which 
    may not be ideal. If you need additional troops, capture Sidolacum - its 700 
    population will allow you to more than rebuild your entire army if required. 
    The final approach to Bibracte (4 on the map above) is relatively well 
    guarded. Various cunning tactics are possible, for example, to sneak troops up 
    onto the ridge on the southern side of the road (marked 6 on the map above), 
    destroy the enemy Ballista, and then fire on waiting enemy soldiers below; or 
    to circle through woodland and engage the enemy from the north. However, one 
    can recruit so many troops that almost any rational tactic will succeed by 
    weight of numbers. Rush the two Centurions into Bibracte to complete the 
    mission: There is no need to 'mop up' every last enemy.
    5.7 Of All the Gallic Tribes
    5.7.1 Overview
    Location: River Sambre, Belgian Kingdom of Nervii. 
    Date: July 25, 57 BC. 
    - Publius Licinius Crassus must survive. 
    - Dumnorix must survive. 
    - Defend the fort [for 20 minutes]. 
    Unit Control Points: 474/700. 
    Troop Control Points: 21/60. 
    Starting units: 6x Auxiliary Archers (30), 3x Auxiliary Infantry, Dumnorix 
    (Centurion, level 0), 4x Legionaries (30), 3x Noblemen (12), Publius Licinius 
    Crassus (Centurion, level 0), 3x Spearmen (30). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                       .-'   _  '-.
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                                           '-.    .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start fortress/barracks. Population 250. 
    2 = Nervian villages. 
    3 = Western bridging point. 
    4 = Eastern stone bridge.
    5.7.2 Strategy
    Multiple waves of enemy will attack your fortress from the north throughout 
    the 20 minute mission duration. Initially they will come over the eastern 
    stone bridge (4 on the map above), but after a few minutes they will repair 
    and use the western bridge too (3 on the map above). You are massively 
    outnumbered, so you must use your starting units and location wisely. From 
    Rasm: "The only reason I died the first time was that I didn't know all the 
    stuff you could do, like move soldiers on the walls and repair the gate." 
    There is no one way to survive, but a combination of the strategies below will 
    result in success. Gaius Julius writes: "I think the one thing you have to 
    remember to beat this level, is to stay calm. It's easy to get frustrated, 
    when all those enemy units are coming at you from every side. Especially, when 
    you're informed that there is 1 minute left; it's the longest 1 minute you'll 
    The fortress includes a barracks. This functions much like a village, except 
    no garrison or Centurion is required to recruit new units. Immediately recruit 
    a few Physicians and place them close to the walls to help heal defenders. 
    Build additional troops throughout the mission - you can never have enough. 
    Precisely what troop type depends on wider strategies. Remember recruitment 
    orders can be made in advance. 
    Make use of your Centurions' command bonuses. Position them close to the 
    action and they will gain a lot of experience during the first few attacks. 
    Towards the end of the mission troops in their area of influence will get a 
    significant defensive bonus. Consider creating (by promoting another unit) 
    additional Centurions at the start so that all your units are covered. 
    The fortified towers built into the walls offer greater protection to units 
    than placing units directly on the walls. Try to keep the fortified towers 
    filled with Auxiliary Archers, and place any excess archers nearby on walls. 
    Gatt notes: "Remember to set all of them as 'aggressive'." The aggressive 
    setting results in archers engaging enemy units as soon as they come into 
    range. This gains you a valuable few extra shots. Wall based archers will not 
    be able to deal with everything. They are very vulnerable to attack from enemy 
    siege engines such as Catapult. Enemy archers also tend to sneak into woodland 
    and fire upon your archers. Should the enemy manage to reach the walls with 
    ladders or Assault Towers, archers die rapidly in melee. 
    Legionaries (and less so Spearmen) can be placed on the walls to deal with 
    enemy attempts to climb the walls. This allows you to concentrate on other 
    aspects of the battle. However, until enemy arrive on the walls, melee troops 
    are simply targets for enemy ranged attacks, particularly from siege engines. 
    Consequently it may be preferable to keep melee troops off the walls until you 
    see the enemy are about to climb the wall. 
    BobC writes: "Use catapults (make sure they're set on barrage) to take out 
    archers and enemy cavalry outside the walls when they stop moving. I usually 
    have 2 pairs of catapults to do this, hotkeyed so I can quickly select 
    targets. One pair by the right wall and one in the middle just behind the 
    door. Two Catapults with barrage can pretty much take down an archer troop 
    with one volley." Setting Catapults to 'aggressive' mode often removes the 
    need to fire them manually. RogueImpaler adds: "Divide your auxiliary troops 
    before you make catapults, or else half of them will take a break." Each 
    Catapult requires only 7 men. 
    Wall based archers are quite effective against enemy melee troops that cannot 
    find a way over the walls. Certain types of enemy units are more of a threat. 
    Siege engines are, as their name suggests, a potent force in this situation. 
    Battering Rams will rapidly break down your gates, Catapults will wipe whole 
    units off the walls in an instant, Assault Towers will deliver a small enemy 
    army onto a tiny section of wall. Battering Rams are probably the biggest 
    threat, since once your fortress's gates have been destroyed you will suddenly 
    find yourself flooded with melee troops that would otherwise have died quietly 
    outside to your archers' arrows. Gates can (and should) be repaired using 
    Auxiliary Infantry, but repairs are far slower than a Battering Ram can do 
    Waiting for enemy siege engines to be set alight is not a good strategy - 
    whilst they are burning they are still doing damage. The most common way to 
    deal with approaching siege engines is to charge them with cavalry. The 
    mission introduction suggests using the Noblemen that start outside the gate 
    to attack the first wave. Cicero comments: "Don't sacrifice them there, they 
    can't delay the rush that much. Bring them in, and beef them up with new 
    cavalry recruits." Augment the initial Noblemen with fresh Equites and Archer 
    Cavalry. "When the catapults [or Batter Rams or similar] appear near the 
    bridge to your side, ride out to destroy them. ... Then get your cavalry back 
    to camp at once after the attack." Between attacks using Physicians to heal 
    the cavalry. LordJohnDrinksalot notes that the cavalry do not always need to 
    be brought back into the fortress: "Use the east gap at times to hide cavalry 
    from direct attack and then sally forth and hit catapults while their 
    supporting infantry are attacking the fort." Timing is critical. If the 
    cavalry are positioned outside the fortress permanently they will be swamped 
    by other enemy troops. 
    Sentient Cheese highlights a problem with the strategy of riding out each time 
    a new siege engine appears: "The siege engines have a much large escort than 
    you seem to realize. The troops always rush the gates first, well ahead of the 
    slow moving rams. My troops can't just ignore the initial escort forces and 
    run past them to the ram." To some extent this depends on timing. 
    LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "Danger is in clashing with enemy melee units; if 
    you do then you're out-of-luck. Be conservative: retreat into the fort often." 
    One strategy relies on archers and friendly Catapults dealing with enemy melee 
    troops before riding out with cavalry, however this risks allowing the enemy 
    siege engines to get _too_ close. 
    Other approaches leave less to chance by giving the enemy melee troops 
    something else to attack first. Rasm writes: "Move a group of pikemen right in 
    front of your gate. Then shift all your archers on the platform directly above 
    the gate opening. Get them really crammed together. The next wave should come 
    then. If you have about 10 groups of archers on the wall then you should start 
    seeing most of the ground soldiers get wasted." While cramming troops together 
    in this way does effectively focus firepower on the enemy, care needs to be 
    taken to ensure the group does not get hit by fire from enemy Catapults. 
    Sentient Cheese considers: "In between waves, I will station a single legion 
    troop in the center forest and have them hold ground there, on Defensive mode. 
    Then, as the rams roll by and their escort is already hacking away at my 
    gates, I'll have the Legionaries kamikaze the rams." 
    An alternative to charging siege engines with cavalry, from RogueImpaler: 
    "Roll 3 sets Legionaries and 3 sets archer out to the north forest to hide. 
    Put the Legionaries in front of the archers and the whole bunch on 
    turtle/stationary and then hold. You can take out the rams with the archers 
    while the Legionaries cover. You might want to have a medic with those." 
    Archers can be positioned in the forest close to the western (wooden) bridge. 
    "Wait till new troops come to build the wooden bridge. When they finished and 
    the new troops advance to cross it, quickly set it on fire." Sneaking about in 
    forests also prevents enemy archers hiding in them. Bond0bhave suggests 
    placing Wolf Scouts in woodland to gather such intelligence and provide 
    advanced warning of approaching Catapults. 
    Rasm has a tactic for dealing with Battering Rams that are at the gate: "Have 
    a group of legions handy right on the other side of it. When the ram starts to 
    bash the door, have the legions walk through it. This causes the ram to stop 
    (since the doors are open). Just walk your legions into the ram. Make sure NOT 
    to do this when there are swarms of enemy infantry around the ram." Once the 
    gate has been broken down, it cannot be repaired. While it is preferable to 
    keep the gate up as long as possible, a few tactics can be used to stem the 
    tide once the gate has been destroyed. WhiteSkull writes: "I stuck 3 spearmen 
    in stationary formation behind the gate 4 legions behind them. Replace 
    spearmen as needed at the gate." From malleus1: "I put one group of archers at 
    the bottom edge of the map facing the gate in stationary position and the 
    catapults beside them, firing 'out the gate', so anything that got through the 
    gate could be held there by a legion or two and bombarded." 
    The final enemy assault (in the last minute of the mission) is quite tough. 
    From Cicero: "Ready all your legions in open formation and let them attack 
    everything that's outside the fort. Commit all pikemen, auxiliaries and 
    cavalries too." There is a reasonable chance that the enemy will breach the 
    walls right at the end. Keep them engaged with whatever troops you have, but 
    make sure the two (mission critical) Centurions survive and the barracks are 
    not destroyed.
    5.8 Divide and Conquer
    5.8.1 Overview
    Location: German Frontier, Belgian Kingdom of the Menapii. 
    Date: May 18, 55 BC. 
    - Publius Licinius Crassus must survive. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    - Divitiacus must survive. 
    - Capture or destroy the four German Villages. 
    - Eliminate the four German chiefs. 
    Unit Control Points: 449/700. 
    Troop Control Points: 18/75. 
    Starting units: 
    - Northern army: 3x Auxiliary Archers (30), 2x Auxiliary Infantry (30), 3x 
    Legionaries (30), Publius Licinius Crassus (Centurion, level 1). 
    - Southern army: 2x Archer Cavalry (16), Divitiacus (Druid), 2x Noblemen (12), 
    3x Spearmen (30), Titus Labienus (Centurion, level 1). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                                .-'    . '-.
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                      '-.         . . .            .-'
                         '-.    .       .       .-'
                            '-.  .     .     .-'
                               '-.. 2     .-'
                                  '-.  .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    1 = Start location for northern army. 
    2 = Start location for southern army. 
    3 = Sublones. Population 300. 
    4 = Car Menaphi. Population 300. 
    5 = Asciburgium. Population 300. 
    6 = Gelduba. Population 500. 
    7 = Suevii army. 
    8 = Lake and grassland.
    5.8.2 Strategy
    Your forces start divided on different sides of the map. You also lack any of 
    your own scouting capability, although allied Menapii Explorer Hawk Scouts 
    provide some intelligence on enemy positions. The northern army (1 on the map 
    above) will eventually come under light attack if it remains stationary. The 
    southern army (2 on the map above) is unlikely to be attacked until it moves. 
    You must capture or destroy the four villages. I recommend capturing 
    initially, since you will be able to increase your army size by recruiting. 
    There is no need to attack the Suevii (who start at point 7 on the map above), 
    however it is quite likely you will run into them at some stage. All four 
    villages are defended, but their defenders tend to be spread out, allowing 
    small groups of enemy to be engaged separately. If you are seen to have a 
    large army the village may surrender before you get close (this is more likely 
    to happen towards the end). Villages that surrender cannot be used to recruit 
    troops. Once you start attacking troops around the village, their Chieftains 
    will flee. They often leave while you are engaging defenders, rather than 
    waiting for you to actually destroy the garrison or village. The mission 
    orders hint that the village Chieftains should not be allowed to escape, 
    suggesting that "things will get a lot worse" if they do. I'm not sure how 
    much worse - in reality it seems almost impossible to stop one or more 
    Chieftains from escaping their villages. 
    It is possible to immediately join your forces. The safest route between 
    starting positions uses the path to loop round the south-eastern side of 
    Gelduba (6 on the map above), skirt the grassland on the eastern side of the 
    inland lake (8 on the map above), and then take the path north. The southern 
    army is the most mobile, and is just about able to deal with most enemy troops 
    on the route at the start of the mission. Take particular care with the enemy 
    troops hiding in the grassland by the lake, and heal between battles. The only 
    units the southern army cannot attack effectively are those in woodland. After 
    a few minutes Suevii cavalry will start moving around the centre of the map, 
    making this route considerably more dangerous. There is no need to join forces 
    first. With careful use of troops, the southern army can attack Gelduba and 
    the northern army attack Sublones. In order to capture Gelduba you will need 
    to demote some Spearmen from the southern army. 
    Use the captured villages to build the troop types missing from each army. Be 
    sure to recruit some scouts. Once ready, join your armies and advance on the 
    remaining villages one at a time. Pay careful attention to the terrain. For 
    example, around Asciburgium (5 on the map above) consider a two-pronged attack 
    with Legionaries attacking through the woodland from the north and cavalry 
    attacking across the shallow water from the east.
    5.8.3 Why does the mission not finish?
    Check the objectives (press F9). If you have destroyed or captured all the 
    villages (or had one or more surrender to you) and the mission remains 
    incomplete, it is likely that one or more village Chieftain are still on the 
    run. They can be a real pain to find, but show up eventually if you sweep the 
    map using troops and scouts.
    5.9 The Everlasting Frontier
    5.9.1 Overview
    Location: River Rhine, Near the City of Mainz. 
    Date: July 5, 55 BC. 
    - Resist the German onslaught. 
    - Capture the village of Mainz. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 276/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 11/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), Balearic 
    Slingers (16), Centurion (level 0), 2x Legionaries (30), 3x Noblemen (12), 
    Titus Labienus (Centurion, level 1). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                           .-' '-.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. Mogontiacum. Population 500. 
    2 = Mainz. 
    3 = Advanced ridged area. 
    4 = Central wooden bridge. 
    5-6 = Forest paths. 
    7 = Enemy ballistas.
    5.9.2 Resist the German Onslaught
    A few minutes after the start of the mission, the enemy will cross the river 
    and attack you. They may use all the bridges but favour the central wooden 
    bridge (6 on the map above). Reinis writes: "The main secret of this mission 
    is to not defend the bridges. Leave them and fortify your troops on heights on 
    your side of the river." There are two distinct groups of enemy: (1) the 
    'onslaught', enemy who will seek out and attack your troops or village 
    regardless of where you mount a defense, and (2) troops defending the western 
    side of the river. Fight on the bridges and draw both these groups into the 
    battle - rapidly one becomes overrun by enemy. By fighting away from the 
    bridges you only engage the first 'onslaught' group, which is a manageable 
    battle. This goes against the most obvious (ultimately flawed) strategy, which 
    involves using Catapults to attack across the river while the enemy are trying 
    to repair those wooden bridges. 
    It is possible to mount your defense very close to Mogontiacum, your starting 
    village. From BobC: "Build 3 towers at your town, 2 just to the west of the 
    town by the bottom of the ramp, and one at the top of the hill. Stuff them 
    with your archers and slingers. Pump out a few troops of spearmen first from 
    the town and set them on stationary to guard the two ramps to the hill and in 
    front of the towers. I'd also keep one or two troops of Legionaries just 
    sitting in the forest south of your town, because if you don't guard that the 
    Barbarians just come in through the forest." Ensure your Legionaries remain in 
    the forest, and do not get drawn out by bowmen in the shallow water. 
    WhiteSkull suggests: "Put a scout in the woods to the left and one of the hill 
    to the north." Loki comments: "I have also used a catapult (put it where the 
    Gaul cavalry stands at the beginning of the mission) with great effect." 
    A viable alternative is to take the higher ground closer to the river (3 on 
    the map above). This tends to allow enemy troops to be targeted earlier and 
    allows you to use Legionaries effectively in open battle - this is more of a 
    problem when fighting close to the village, because Legionaries cannot cross 
    the shallow water. Care must be taken not to advance and start fighting on the 
    bridge, or else you risk engaging additional enemy. Of the two approaches, the 
    defense closer to the village seems to be the easiest. 
    The Noblemen should not be relied upon because they will mutiny once they 
    start taking casualties. Reinis suggests using them solely to attack enemy war 
    machines and archers. You can recruit additional Equites. Also recruit a 
    Physician early on. This is the first mission where Balearic Slingers are 
    available. These have greater range than archers, better defensive capability, 
    and do slightly more damage, particularly against targets vulnerable to 
    stoning such as siege engines. You will not be able to recruit them initially 
    because each requires two honour points, which you must gain in battle first.
    5.9.3 Capture Mainz
    Once the 'onslaught' has finished you will hear "the Germans flee to their 
    camp, routed". At this point start preparing to attack Mainz. There are three 
    main routes of approach: (1) the main path straight across the map, (2) skirt 
    the lakes on the northern side, (3) skirt the woodland on the southern side. 
    The first (direct) approach engages the majority of the enemy's troops in the 
    field as a series of battles using melee ground troops supported by 
    archers/slingers and cavalry. You will end up fighting almost all the enemy's 
    regular troops, but no one battle is particularly unpleasant. Cross using the 
    central wooden bridge (4 on the map above) to avoid engaging one of the enemy 
    Ballistas (7 on the map above). 
    The second (northern) approach involves the hardest river crossing: the bridge 
    is guarded by a Ballista, which in turn is supported by enemy cavalry, archers 
    and a second Ballista. Once the area on the opposite side of the bridge has 
    been cleared, stick close to the northern side of the map and advance towards 
    the village (5 on the map above). A further battle occurs close to the lake. 
    One can use a small ridged area just to the north-east of the village to 
    launch a massive assault against the village garrison. This avoids the need to 
    fight troops to the south of the village. 
    The third (southern) approach evades almost all enemy troops until you arrive 
    at Mainz. Cross via the southern bridge, and then use the woodland track on 
    the far western side of the map (6 on the map above). A large army is 
    positioned on the ridged area just south of Mainz, which poses the main 
    threat. As you move into the village itself enemy troops will attack you from 
    the woodland to the east.
    5.10 A Land Lost in the Mist
    5.10.1 Overview
    Location: The Cliffs of Dover, Britannia. 
    Date: September 5, 55 BC. 
    - Rescue Commius from the Catuvellauni Fortress. 
    - + Escort Commius back to the beach. 
    - Quintus Tulius Cicero must survive. 
    - Caius Crastinus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 327/700. 
    Troop Control Points: 18/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), Ballista, 
    Caius Crastinus (Centurion, level 0), 2x Catapult, 2x Equites (12), Hawk 
    Scout, 3x Legionaries (30), Physician, Quintus Tulius Cicero (Centurion, level 
    0), 2x Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units (varies by method): 
    - Roman: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic 
    Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    - Barbarian: Bowmen, Druid, Hawk Scout, Infantry, Mounted Bowmen, Noblemen, 
    Pikemen, Warriors, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Durovibrae (Atrebatean). Population 600. 
    3 = Durolitum (Cantiacum). Population 400. 
    4 = Catuvellauni Fortress. Commius of the Atrebates. 
    5 = Catuvellauni Tower and coastal defenders. 
    6 = Allied army and siege engines. 
    7 = Enemy Ballistas on ridge. 
    8 = Wooded island. 
    9 = Grassland ambush. 
    10 = Ridged area overlooking Durolitum's defenders. 
    11 = Cantiacum reserves. 
    12 = Catuvellauni/Cantiacum reserve cavalry.
    5.10.2 Bridgehead
    Initially you have no way to replenish loses, so it is important to make 
    landfall without significant casualties. Immediately to the north of your 
    start position (1 on the map above) is a tower surrounded by enemy troops (5 
    on the map above). On each of the ridges either side of the tower there are 
    enemy bowmen. A pair of enemy siege engines are positioned on the small island 
    just to the west. 
    My strategy involved coaxing the majority of enemy melee troops into an 
    ambush, then sending turtled Legionaries towards the towers, with Catapults 
    and archers behind them. At the same time, the cavalry ran first to destroy 
    the enemy siege engines on the island to the west, then to attack the enemy 
    bowmen on each of the ridged areas. Such a strategy relies on good timing, but 
    can succeed without a single casualty. 
    On the ridge just to the west of where the tower stood (close to point 5 on 
    the map above), you will find the Atrebatean Messenger. The messenger offers 
    an alliance. Initially the alliance makes the Atrebatean tribe neutral, 
    however if you subsequently follow the Alliance strategy below, full control 
    over their troops and village can be gained. You can ignore the messenger 
    completely if you wish and take an Independent strategy. It is also possible 
    to combine strategies.
    5.10.3 Alliance strategy
    It is unlikely that anyone can successfully storm the fortress with only the 
    starting troops and no base. This strategy gains both a base and extra 
    Barbarian forces. 
    Follow the messenger to his village in the west (2 on the map above). Deal 
    with the various enemy ambushes on the route. The messenger seems immune from 
    these ambushes - this is not true for you. Do not be concerned when your 
    ally's village comes under attack - it is well defended at the start, and can 
    deal with its attackers alone. Rushing your own troops into the defense 
    exposes them to unnecessary loses. 
    At this stage the allied village is still effectively neutral - you cannot 
    recruit troops there or control their units. Once you arrive at the village, 
    the messenger suggests you follow him north to where the Atrebatean army are 
    waiting (6 on the map above). From eccehomo: "There are more ambushes 
    particularly in a patch of long grass [9 on the map above] along the way. So 
    keep scouts ahead of you and be prepared to move slowly with some troops ready 
    to clear the ambushes. You don't need to follow the messenger all the time; he 
    can get you into even more ambushes by taking you the direct way." The worst 
    ambush is in the grassland at point 9 on the map. A method of dealing with the 
    grassland ambush is to fire flaming arrows into the grassland from the higher 
    ground above and let the remaining enemy units lurch up the hill into a line 
    of your finest Spearmen and Legionaries. 
    Once your forces have reached the allied army (point 6 on the map above), the 
    Atrebatean village and all their troops come under your control. The northern 
    Barbarian army includes Infantry (equivalent of Auxiliary Infantry), Pikemen 
    (equivalent of Spearmen), and various siege engines - better than nothing, but 
    not much better ;-) . The village allows you to recruit new Barbarian units. 
    If you wish to recruit Roman units, you should select the village, order the 
    Barbarian Chieftain to exit it, and then order a Roman Centurion to recruit at 
    the village. An alternative is to remove all defenders from the village, then 
    wait for the enemy to attack and destroy the garrison. Now kill the attackers 
    and build your own (Roman) garrison, thus capturing the village as a Roman 
    village, rather than an allied Barbarian village (from Dramaticus and 
    Once any new recruitment is complete you have the option of moving all the 
    village defenders north to help attack the fortress, however the village will 
    be attacked whilst you are away. Instead of immediately attacking the 
    fortress, consider using your extra troops to attack Durolitum (3 on the map 
    above) and follow the Independent strategy below.
    5.10.4 Independent strategy
    Instead of following the allied messenger, attack and capture the village of 
    Durolitum (3 on the map above). Build your own troops with which to attempt 
    the final rescue. This is my preferred strategy. Although you may find the 
    battle for the village tough, it gives more options when conducting the 
    Durolitum is well defended, and a direct frontal assault will probably fail or 
    involve many friendly casualties. Instead make use of the part-wooded ridged 
    area to the south-east of the map (marked 10 on the map above). Guard the 
    southern entrance with stationary Spearmen, and the northern entrance with 
    Legionaries. Place archers and Catapults towards the centre - the archers can 
    be placed in woodland for added protection. Athos writes: "Have the archers 
    assume stationary position and they should start picking off all the troops 
    stationed outside of the town." Use your scout to locate enemy forces if 
    needed, and hold your cavalry to the south ready to pounce on any poorly 
    defended enemy units. Watch out for the two towers guarding the village - 
    these are probably best taken at range using Catapults. Using this method it 
    is possible to capture the village with no casualties on your own side. This 
    is one situation where good tactics turn an 'impossible' battle into an easy 
    Capturing Durolitum will allow you to produce additional Roman units. In 
    particular consider recruiting Balearic Slingers, which are tougher than 
    archers and so tend to be preferable during attacks against fortifications. Of 
    course, having captured Durolitum, you can now follow the Alliance strategy if 
    you wish. Maximise the size of your own army first, then when the Barbarian 
    units join your total army will be far larger than otherwise possible. This 
    initially leaves you with two separate forces with which to mount the final 
    rescue. However, if you clear the enemy Ballistas at point 7 on the map above, 
    you can march units between different approaches to the Fortress in relative 
    5.10.5 Rescue
    To rescue Commius you must storm the Catuvellauni Fortress (4 on the map 
    above) and kill the fortress's Chieftain. You should expect to kill all the 
    enemy within the fortress. Once the Chieftain has been killed the majority of 
    remaining enemy on the map will become active. The reserve cavalry at point 8 
    on the map will probably attack Durovibrae. The reserve army at point 11 on 
    the map head towards the coast. 
    Depending on your intended escape route, you may wish to deal with these enemy 
    reserves before they become active - before you start to attack the fortress. 
    The group at point 11 is particularly easy to deal with if you have taken the 
    Independent strategy - use the high ground to the west of them. Bond0bhave 
    offers a method of dealing with the reserve at point 12, again assuming the 
    Independent strategy. It utilises the small wooded island in the lake (8 on 
    the map above), just to the south-west of Durolitum: "On the island in the 
    trees there are some enemy archers. Get your archers and some Auxiliary 
    Infantry to go kill them. Place 2 sets of archers in there. Get a Hawk Scout, 
    Physician and Centurion into those trees with the archers. Now scout up above 
    the raised land to the north. Use your Archer Cavalry to fire on some of the 
    units. Retreat you Archer Cavalry into you base. Now your archers are in range 
    to pop off a couple of them." 
    Most strategies for attacking the fortress seek first to draw the enemy 
    cavalry inside the fortress into some form of ambush. The enemy cavalry 
    normally ride out as soon as you start attacking the fortress with Catapults. 
    Kmorg74 writes: "Approach the fort from the east. Send in wolves to have 
    visibility against a cavalry sally. Build up two rams and five catapults. 
    Place your archers on defensive on the safe side of the bridge and position a 
    turtled legion squad on the bridge. Send in one catapult with fire-bombs on 
    the gate. The enemy will sally with cavalry. Retreat the catapult to the 
    bridge and intercept the sally with the legion. Hit back on the enemy cavalry 
    with yours and wipe it out." If attacking from the east, position stationary 
    Spearmen on the bridge and draw enemy cavalry into them. You may need to be 
    prepared to accept the loss of a Catapult. An alternative is to position 
    turtled Legionaries in front of the Catapult to soak enemy archer fire. When 
    attacking from the west it is somewhat harder to ambush the enemy cavalry, 
    since the approach is flat and open, providing no way of funnelling the enemy 
    into an ambush. The enemy cavalry have further to travel to reach your forces, 
    which gives more time to retreat and position units. 
    A variation on the previous strategy also allows the fortress to be stormed 
    immediately. LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "Advance several legion testudos 
    [turtled] near the East gate and, once there, quickly attack with four or five 
    catapults against the bowmen on the East wall. The catapults cause the enemy 
    cavalry to attack (it seems this is scripted and so they always do attack), 
    the gates open, the legions enter, switch formations, and head for the enemy 
    bowmen. If the gates close, have a ram or two hit the gates while your archers 
    move in attack any remaining bowmen on the walls." 
    Once the enemy cavalry have been killed, you can advance on the fortress with 
    only its walled defenders to consider. One option is to clear the walls of 
    troops first. Use Catapults, but try and protect them by placing other troops 
    in front - turtled Legionaries if you have them (support by a Physician they 
    should be able to remain under fire for long periods without loss). Telemach 
    writes: "I never throw away a catapult when I have enemy installations to 
    attend to. I refer to the hundreds of Barbarian spearmen I found myself in 
    control of at the North of the map. Dirty, smelly, and improperly trained. I 
    kept the tower and catapult and sent the spearmen to 'scout' the borders of 
    the castle." 
    Rather than methodically clearing wall defenders at range, you may either 
    storm the gate or climb the walls. The former option is only practical if you 
    have approached from the east: Bigfuzz19 writes: "Use siege towers and get on 
    the walls of the fortress. You are going to loose a few troops and a tower or 
    two but you will eventually make it onto the wall. Have any ranged units you 
    have concentrate on the archers on the wall and you might not even loose any 
    towers." This is a particularly useful tactic if the attack is being made only 
    from the west using Barbarian units. Barbarian units naturally favour offense 
    over defense, and so are very effective once on the walls, but will tend to 
    die in droves getting to the walls. Alternatively send in a Battering Ram or 
    two against the gate. Battering Rams will inevitably be set alight by enemy 
    archers, but this can be countered initially using the turtled Legionaries 
    tactic to soak arrow fire. Kmorg74 suggests supporting the Battering Rams with 
    Catapults in order to maximise damage. If all else fails simply throwing 
    troops at the problem may solve it. From najapi: "As a last resort I tried a 
    full on assault, no great strategy just got the siege machines on the bridge, 
    got all my troops together (selected them all) and double clicked on the 
    gate... I lost very few men, maybe 2 or 3 units at most." 
    A two pronged attack can be quite successful. You are most likely to have this 
    option if you have followed both the Independent and Alliance strategies 
    above. From bond0bhave: "While my units were fighting in the south, I sent in 
    an attack of all the Barbarian units I had from the north. These managed to 
    take care of most of the archers." 
    Once inside the fortress, kill the remaining defenders - there are very few 
    melee troops guarding the fortress, so this should be quite straightforward. 
    Finally, kill the fortress's Chieftain to free Commius. 
    To complete the mission, get Commius back to the start location (1 on the map 
    above). As noted above, if you have not dealt with the remaining Catuvellauni 
    they will now be active, either attacking Durovibrae (2 on the map above) or 
    moving south from point 11 on the map above towards the start location. This 
    can be a serious problem if your only village is Durovibrae, you had stripped 
    most of its defenders to help with the fortress attack, and the fortress 
    attack went badly and you lost almost all your troops.
    5.11 Greed
    5.11.1 Overview
    Location: Roman Province of Syria, Near East (sic). 
    Date: March 9, 54 BC. 
    - Capture Tyre. 
    - Capture Samaria. 
    - Capture Jerusalem. 
    - Capture Petra. 
    - Publius Licinius Crassus must survive. 
    - Gaius Cassius Longinus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 324/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 15/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Auxiliary Infantry (30), Gaius 
    Cassius Longinus (Centurion, level 0), Hawk Scout, 4x Legionaries (30), 3x 
    Noblemen (12), Physician, Publius Licinius Crassus (Centurion, level 0), 
    Spearmen (30). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                          .-'  ~  '-.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Samaria (Samarian). Population 200. 
    3 = Gerasa (Samarian). Population 200. 
    4 = Tyre (Phoenician). Population 200. 
    5 = Jerusalem (Judean). Population 200. 
    6 = Jazer (Judean). Population 200. 
    7 = Petra (Nabatean). Population 400. 
    8 = Oasis.
    5.11.2 Strategy
    The mission briefing hints at the possibility of diplomacy. Diplomacy makes 
    this mission straightforward. At the start of the mission, a Samarian 
    messenger will approach and make an offer: If you attack Judea's garrison they 
    will ally with you (thus completing the capture of Samaria). In the meantime 
    the Samarians become neutral - they will not attack you unless provoked. 
    However, the Judeans are not immediately hostile. When you get close to 
    Jerusalem, a messenger will make a second offer to you: If you capture Petra 
    from the Nabatean Arabs, they will ally with you. So capturing Petra completes 
    the capture of Jerusalem. The Samarians will declare war on Rome in response 
    to Petra being captured, however this also triggers both the Judean and 
    Samarian armies to fight one another. This makes capturing Samaria far easier. 
    The Phoenicians are hostile from the outset. Tyre, their village (4 on the map 
    above), can be captured quite easily: Use the ridged area to the north-east of 
    the village to ambush the majority of their army, before assaulting the 
    village itself. Before securing the ridge, clear the nearby woodland of enemy 
    units. Tyre can be used to build your army in preparation for attacking Petra. 
    Watch out for roaming enemy units, notably Camel Archers and Camel Riders, 
    which can appear 'from nowhere' right behind you lines while you are busy 
    attacking someone else. 
    Petra is guarded by two groups of defenders, one at the Oasis (8 on the map 
    above), one closer to Petra (7 on the map above). The ridge above Petra is 
    inaccessible, so the battle must be fought in the open approaches. The 
    Nabatean Arabs are very fond of camel based units. Camel Riders fall quickly 
    against stationary spearmen. Chase down Camel Archers with cavalry. Lastly, 
    watch out for the tower on the western side of the village. 
    Once Petra has been captured, the Judeans should attack Samaria. In my 
    experience they succeed in destroying the garrison. Feel free to throw some 
    extra troops into the battle to ensure this happens. Finally build your own 
    garrison in Samaria to complete the mission.
    5.12 Fear the Eagles
    5.12.1 Overview
    Location: River Thames, Britannia. 
    Date: July 20, 54 BC. 
    - Defeat Cassivellaunus. 
    - Protect the Roman encampment. 
    - Caius Crastinus must survive. 
    - Commius must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 363/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 17/50. 
    Starting units: Auxiliary Infantry (30), 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Caius 
    Crastinus (Centurion, level 0), Centurion (level 0), Commius of the Atrebates 
    (Chieftain, level 0), 3x Equites (12), Hawk Scout, 4x Legionaries (30), 2x 
    Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                             .-'  _  '-.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Roman Encampment. Population 200. Start location. 
    2 = Chichester (Atrebates). Population 100. 
    3 = Durovernum (Cantiacum). Population 100. 
    4 = Camulodumun (Trinovantes). Population 100. 
    5 = Verulanium (Catuvellauni). Population 200. 
    6 = The Altar of the Trinovantes. 
    7 = The Altar of the Atrebates. 
    8 = The Altar of the Cantiacum. 
    9 = Forest path.
    5.12.2 Strategy
    First and foremost you must guard your encampment (1 on the map above). This 
    will be attacked at regular intervals. The majority of enemy will approach 
    along the path from the north-east. However, a small proportion will attack 
    using the forest path from the north-west (shown 9 on the map above). The 
    Catuvellauni are the most frequent attackers, typically sending ground troops, 
    but sometimes Catapults or cavalry. Watch out for German Cavalry approaching 
    from the north-west - German Cavalry are the only cavalry capable of riding 
    through woodland. 
    The mission brief hints at the possibility of destroying temples belonging to 
    the allied tribes. The three altars are shown 6-8 on the map above. Altars are 
    destroyed by attacking them, preferably with melee troops. Once the altar has 
    fallen the relevant tribe becomes neutral. Neutral tribes will not send troops 
    to attack and allow your troops to march around their villages. It is possible 
    to attack and capture or destroy the relevant tribe's village, and ignore the 
    altars completely. Such attacks require more combat and the villages 
    themselves have little strategic value: You should have no difficulty 
    recruiting enough troops using the starting encampment. 
    The Cantiacum altar (8 on the map above) can be taken without engaging nearby 
    defenders, so long as one approaches directly from the west. The Trinovantes 
    altar (6 on the map above) is slightly tougher because the woodland 
    surrounding the path to the altar contains various enemy units, including 
    Berserkers. It is virtually impossible to attack the Atrebates altar (7 on the 
    map above) without the village defenders responding. The most effective method 
    seems to be to attack it with several units, while others hold off the first 
    few enemy to respond. The altar should be destroyed before most of the 
    village's defenders reach the battle, and once the altar is destroyed the 
    tribe turns neutral so the battle ceases. 
    With all the allied tribes turned neutral, move your forces up to the river in 
    preparation for the final assault on Cassivellaunus at Verulanium (5 on the 
    map above). Two groups of troops are able to prevent raiders from slipping 
    across the river, hence removing the need to defend your encampment directly. 
    The final attack should be straightforward, just watch out for the War 
    Chariots - I guess the Catuvellauni hired some Egyptian mercenaries. 
    Cassivellaunus should be lurking somewhere in the village - kill him to finish 
    the mission.
    5.13 Cold Treason
    5.13.1 Overview
    Location: Near the City of Namur, Belgian Kingdom of the Nervii. 
    Date: January 19, 53 BC. 
    - Relieve the siege. 
    - + Defend the fortress. 
    - + Conquer or destroy at least 2 enemy villages. 
    - Quintus Tulius Cicero must survive. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 240/700. 
    Troop Control Points: 11/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Archer Cavalry (16), 3x Equites (12), 2x German Cavalry 
    (12), Physician, 2x Messenger, Titus Labienus (Centurion, level 1). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                             .-'     '-.
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    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. Allied Spearmen. 
    2 = Ariola (Nervii). Population 100. 
    3 = Basilia (Eburones). Population 300. 
    4 = Nastum (Treviri). Population 200. 
    5 = Cicero's Encampment/Fortress. Population 500. 
    6 = Allied Spearmen/Archers/Hawk Scout. 
    7 = Allied Spearmen/Legionaries. 
    8 = Allied Berserkers/Physician. 
    9 = Allied Spearmen/Legionaries/Archers/Physician.
    5.13.2 Relieve the siege
    As soon as you start moving your troops a group of Roman Spearmen will appear 
    on the ridge to the west of the start location. They will head towards the 
    fortress (5 on the map above), albeit via a route that takes them close to 
    point 7, thus avoiding the enemy village of Basilia (3 on the map above). Four 
    further groups of Roman troops appear at different map locations (6-9 on the 
    map above). 
    Allied troops behave like this: They remain inactive until one of your units 
    comes close, at which point they become active. If you are in control of the 
    fortress, they then come directly under your control. If you are not in 
    control of the fortress, they will head towards the fortress, sometimes 
    stopping to attack enemy units that get in their way. 
    The mission starts with two new unit types, neither of which can be recruited 
    at the fortress's barracks. German Cavalry function like normal melee cavalry, 
    except they can enter woodland and have a special Impale Charge ability. 
    Messengers conserve stamina when running, so they can run further than other 
    You have a choice of three main strategies for relieving the siege (there are 
    minor variations on each): (1) Follow the group of Roman Spearmen on their 
    circuitous route to the fortress, (2) rush some or all of your troops towards 
    the fortress and ignore the Spearmen, (3) ignore the siege completely at the 
    start, capture a village, train additional troops, then head for the fortress. 
    The first group of Roman Spearmen head towards the fortress via a point close 
    to 7 on the map above. This avoids the enemy village of Basilia (3 on the map 
    above). Lt_Kerensky warns: "Try not to fight the first Gaul town, they are too 
    many." If the Spearmen are unaided they will almost certainly die after a few 
    battles and never reach the fortress. Instead use your cavalry to chase down 
    attackers and generally help the Spearmen survive. Speed is important. From 
    Centurion: "When you are at the river with the other troops on the other side 
    [7 on the map above], send a messenger to run over the bridge to meet them." 
    Take care because most of the woods contain hostile units capable of killing 
    your Messenger if he gets too close. If you get the timing right, both the 
    initial Spearmen and the new group of Spearmen/Legionaries will march up to 
    the fortress together. 
    If you wish, send units out to collect other groups of allied troops. For 
    example, split the German Cavalry into a separate group and send them through 
    the woodland on the northern side of Basilia (3 on the map above) to the 
    allied group at point 6 on the map above. This creates two columns of troops 
    to approach the fortress with, which gives more firepower on the ground, but 
    can be hard to manage. Lt_Kerensky writes: "You can always try to reach the 
    fortress with the messenger, evading all enemies. Then you can take command of 
    the defense forces." The main benefit of sending some troops ahead to the 
    fortress is that you gain control of the various groups of allied troops 
    advancing towards the fortress. Remember to re-order these troops once you 
    gain control, since they have a habit of just stopping in the middle of a 
    The second strategy involves rushing one or more units straight to the 
    fortress. The main advantage is that you gain control of the fortress before 
    the worst of the enemy attacks start, meaning most of the defenders are still 
    alive and both gates are in tact. Nixolus writes: "I ignored the first allies, 
    went directly north toward a watchtower with some more allies [6 on the map 
    above] and continued straight on to the fort." A group of enemy Pikemen and 
    Bowmen guard the approaches, but can be killed using your full starting force. 
    Only single man units (Centurion, Physician, etc) and German Cavalry can 
    complete the journey because of the need to pass through woodland to reach the 
    allied troops. However this relatively modest force can still be highly 
    effective. Stiffler comments: "If you use this method, you can send one of 
    your messengers to some nearby roman troops." A variation on this approach is 
    to send a Messenger directly to the fortress and then use only the fortress's 
    troops for defense. This requires careful use of stamina so as only to run 
    when enemy are close, but just about works. It gets the fortress under your 
    control almost immediately. 
    An example of the third strategy, from FV Constantinus: "Attack the southern-
    most village [2 on the map above] and recruit in it for a while. I divided 
    into two forces then. I just broke one Auxiliary Infantry unit off the rest of 
    the army at the village and had them pick up the allies on the ridge on the 
    right side of the map. That force went to the fort." Although the fortress 
    comes under some fairly heavy attacks, it should just about survive, even if 
    you do nothing to help save it. After about 15 minutes the siege will quieten 
    down to nothing. Unfortunately, some of the fortress's most useful defenses 
    (such as its gates) are likely to be destroyed, making it harder to defend. A 
    somewhat underhand variation on this method is to invade two villages prior to 
    relieving the siege. Once you arrive at the fortress the new objectives will 
    have already been met.
    5.13.3 Defend the fortress
    Many of the same techniques used in Of All the Gallic Tribes (see above) can 
    be used to defend the fortress. In particular, place archers in the fortress's 
    towers set to 'aggressive' and group up your cavalry into a rapid response 
    force to deal with enemy siege engines and vulnerable bowmen. 
    Demote some units to create Auxiliary Infantry with which to repair gates. 
    Yes, the fortress has two gates - it is easy to miss one of them... Keeping 
    the gates in tact is very useful, and you should have enough time between 
    attacks to mend them. If the gates are about to be destroyed, consider opening 
    them by sending melee troops through them. This saves the gates (which cannot 
    be replaced once destroyed), even if you take a few casualties (which can be 
    replaced assuming you survive the battle). From bond0bhave: "I was unlucky. As 
    I got to my base the gate in the north was destroyed. Just get some spearman 
    on stationary and have your archers pick off all the enemy archers before they 
    get in range." 
    A more offensive defense, from blackwulf: "I also placed units in areas (just 
    south of the fort on the hill) where the enemy liked to marshal his forces for 
    an assault - 'cut them off at the pass'." 
    Use the barracks inside the fortress to replace loses - you can produce new 
    troops as fast as the enemy, and the enemy should be losing more. In between 
    attacks consider sending a Messenger out to collect up the remaining allied 
    troops. Attacks against the fortress never cease, but after about 20 minutes 
    they become sporadic and easy to repel with a handful of archers and melee 
    5.13.4 Conquer enemy villages
    Once the attacks against the fortress have quieten down, use a proportion of 
    your forces to capture or destroy two enemy villages. I suggest destroying the 
    villages since this removes the need to defend a second or third location. 
    Nastum (4 on the map above) and Ariola (2 on the map above) tend not to be as 
    well defended as Basilia (3 on the map above), so it is preferable to attack 
    the former pair and ignore Basilia. None of the villages are particularly well 
    defended, partly because the tribes send almost all their new units to attack 
    the fortress. This makes attacking their villages easy. 
    The most effective way to destroy Nastum (4 on the map above) is to meet up 
    with the allied troops at point 9 on the map above, place archers on the 
    ridge, in stationary mode, and let them burn down the village (from Centurion 
    and bond0bhave). Alternatively, archers on the ridge can be used to damage 
    enemy troops prior to a ground attack.
    5.14 When All Hell Breaks Loose
    5.14.1 Overview
    Location: Fortress City of Carrhae, Mesopotamia, Parthian Kingdom. 
    Date: May 9, 53 BC. 
    - Defend yourself. 
    - + Meet with Crassus at Edessa. 
    - - + Marcus Licinius Crassus must survive. 
    - + Meet with Publius at Charax. 
    - - + Bring Cassius and Crassus to the boats. 
    - - - + Destroy the catapults blocking the port. 
    - Gaius Cassius Longinus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 317/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 16/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers, 4x Auxiliary Infantry, Centurion (level 
    0), 3x Equites, Gaius Cassius Longinus (Centurion, level 0), Hawk Scout, 2x 
    Legionaries, Spearmen. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                             .-'     '-.
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                                     '-.     .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Carrhae. Population 170. 
    2 = Edessa. Population 300. 
    3 = Parthian Village. 
    4 = Parthian Village. 
    5 = Charax. Population 300. 
    6 = Boats. 
    7 = Enemy Catapults.
    5.14.2 Strategy
    The key to winning this mission is speed. Forget about time consuming details 
    like careful unit organisation or detailed advanced scouting. You cannot 
    expect to hold out against the enemy for long. At the very start of the 
    mission your village (1 on the map above) comes under attack. Do not try and 
    defend it. Random suggests: "Use the double-click to select everyone on screen 
    and get out quick." Try to also gather the odd unit not visible on the screen 
    at the start. Head towards Edessa (2 on the map above), engaging only those 
    enemy units that physically block your path. I think the path to the north-
    east is slightly easier travelled than the path to the east, but either is 
    viable. Run where possible. While you are retreating the mission objectives 
    will change to order you to do what you are already doing. See? You were 
    already one step ahead of the computer. But don't stop just yet. 
    When you arrive at Edessa (2 on the map above) its forces will come under your 
    control. Gather together all the new troops and again, do not try and defend 
    the village. Random writes: "Take good care of your Praetorians, since they're 
    your most precious resource toward the end of the mission. Don't worry about 
    protecting your legions, because they're useless at the end (they can't cross 
    the river), so feel free to sacrifice them. Keep your archers in the trees to 
    take out the Parthian Cavalry, and protect them with legions. Don't let your 
    troops chase the Parthians, because they'll get stuck full of arrows." 
    Praetorians have exceptional melee combat abilities and can take a lot of 
    damage. You will not be able to recruit any replacement Praetorians during 
    this mission. Immediately run for Charax (5 on the map above). Yes, this means 
    marching straight past one or other of the enemy villages. Since one cannot 
    hope to avoid all combat, consider sacrificing a few less useful units (such 
    as Auxiliary Infantry) to keep the enemy busy while the main body of your 
    force rushes past to the friendly village. 
    On arrival at Charax additional troops come under you control. At this point 
    you can attempt to 'dig in' - from Mark OHearn: "Build up a minimal defence 
    (maybe put some archers in towers - there's already one there to use). Put a 
    generic general [Centurion] in village and build a force that can cross the 
    water and go in the trees. Set your rally point to the boat dock [6 on the map 
    above], and run all your troops to the boat, keeping them along the southern 
    edge of the map." However, LordJohnDrinksalot comments: "I have the feeling 
    (after playing this mission two or three times in a conventional manner - you 
    know, recruiting troops, building towers, etc) that the longer you delay the 
    more Parthians you have to deal with." The one unit your should train is a 
    Physician - the ability to heal will make all the difference in the final 
    stages of the mission. 
    Fight your way to the boats (6 on the map). Leave some troops by the boats 
    with your (mission critical) characters. A couple of units of Legionaries or 
    Equites should be sufficient unless you plan to spend a long time dealing with 
    the final objective. Then gather together units capable of both crossing water 
    and entering forests (primarily archers and Praetorians) and destroy the 
    Catapults on the opposite side of the river (7 on the map above). 
    LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "Keep moving - the Praetorians and archers are most 
    important now because you'll need them to cross the river and destroy the 
    enemy siege units. Stick to the forests and you'll be setting enemy Catapults 
    on flame before they know what's what." From Mark OHearn: "You can take out 
    their horse units by staying in the forest, since they can't engage your 
    archers there." Avoid using cavalry when attacking the Catapults: They cannot 
    enter woodland and so take a far more circuitous route, engaging more enemies 
    in the process. Once the Catapults have been destroyed, the mission finishes - 
    don't worry about the final death, there is nothing you can do to avoid it.
    5.15 He Who Dares...
    5.15.1 Overview
    Location: The Cevennes Mountains, Gaul Kingdom of the Avernii. 
    Date: February 2, 52 BC. 
    - Capture or destroy Ilanna. 
    - Capture or destroy Ursoli. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    + Caius Crastinus must survive (after gaining reinforcements). 
    Unit Control Points: 234/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 12/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), 2x Equites (12), Hawk Scout, 2x 
    Legionaries (30), Physician, 2x Spearmen (25), Titus Labienus (Centurion, 
    level 0), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: 
    - Roman: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic 
    Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Praetorians, Spearmen, 
    Wolf Scout. 
    - Barbarian: Bowmen, Druid, Hawk Scout, Infantry, Mounted Bowmen, Noblemen, 
    Pikemen, Warriors, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                          .-'  '-.
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                               '-. .G   .     .     . .   .-'
                                  '-.    .  . . . .    .-'
                                     '-.     .   .  .-'
                                        '-.  1   .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Ilanna. Population 400. 
    3 = Ursoli. Population 300. 
    4 = Lucan. Population 300. 
    5 = Caius Crastinus' reinforcements. 
    6 = Gobannitio. 
    7 = Enemy Hunters. 
    8 = Suggested defensive position. 
    9 = Possible defensive position near stone circle south of Ilanna. 
    10 = Possible defensive position on ridge south of Lucan. 
    G = Gobannitio units.
    5.15.2 Introduction
    If you haven't used a 'walkthrough' up until now, there is a good chance 
    you'll be reading now ;-) . This mission seems to be the one most likely to 
    cause frustration and failure. There are two elements that make it 
    particularly hard: 
    - 1. For the majority of the mission you have no villages and so can train no 
    additional troops. The map however is littered with enemy units, so it is easy 
    to sustain significant casualties before you even get within range of a 
    - 2. Once your troops get close to the villages (the northern half of the 
    map), a huge enemy hoard attacks. The ferosity of this attack can be 
    overwhelming, even if you are expecting it. 
    The first half of the mission is spent gathering an army. After that select a 
    suitable position to fight the horde. Only then can the two enemy villages be 
    effectively captured or destroyed. The introduction to the mission mentions 
    Lucan as one of the villages that must be captured or destroyed - this is not 
    the case, and Lucan's capture is entirely optional.
    5.15.3 Gathering an army
    New recruits cannot be recruited until quite close to the end of the mission. 
    Your starting force is relatively modest and must be bolstered prior attacking 
    the villages. There are two sources of extra troops - Caius Crastinus' 
    reinforcements in the east (5 on the map above) and Gobannitio's tribe (meet 
    him at point 6 on the map above). The first stage of the mission should be 
    spent assembling an army. 
    Caius Crastinus' reinforcements will join you as soon as one of your units 
    comes within range. Once you meet Gobannitio he will join you. Gobannitio 
    suggests travelling to Lucan (4 on the map above). Do not do this initially - 
    it is considered as an option under Defeating the horde (see below). Any of 
    his troops (shown as G on the map above) that Gobannitio comes close to will 
    join your army. You should aim to collect as many of Gobannitio's troops as 
    possible - that is all that are found in the southern half of the map. 
    Do not go north of the line of three towers that divide the north and south of 
    the map; at least not until you have a strategy ready for Defeating the horde 
    (see below). 
    The map is crawling with enemy units - some hiding in woodland or on high 
    ground, some patrolling along certain paths. You cannot train replacement 
    units and you will need all or most of those that can be gathered to fight the 
    enemy horde later. It is therefore imperative that you keep your loses to a 
    minimum. Dramaticus writes: "That might seem like a no-brainer, but it is easy 
    to have them whittled away." Players that favour overtly offensive tactics may 
    grimace at the thought of trying to prevent every friendly death. However, on 
    'Normal' difficulty you should expect to kill around 700 enemy during this 
    initial stage, and this simply cannot be done if each battle results in 20% 
    casualties. From LordJohnDrinksalot: "Gather your reinforcements carefully. 
    Scout ahead. Lure the enemy into attacking in small groups. It's possible to 
    have a ten to one kill ratio or better." [Indeed, I've managed to complete the 
    first stage with zero loses, although it took about 90 minutes of painfully 
    slow scouting, positioning, luring and shouting expletives at the screen ;-) 
    .] Plan attacks carefully. Use woodland and high ground to your advantage. Mr 
    Frag writes: "Basically step from high ground to high ground with your 
    archers, and pull the enemy to you with your scouts. Use the leader who steals 
    stamina [Gobannitio] in the attack to deplete their charge ability." 
    Dramaticus comments: "Preserve your Physicians and scouts. Their loss, 
    especially of the scouts, hurt me in many of my early attempts. Keep them back 
    from the action and then rush the Physicians forward to heal after a battle." 
    Many battles will be fought in this initial stage. Use these to advance your 
    Centurions and Chieftain to level 4. Experienced commanders will start to make 
    a big difference to the outcome of battles. From Mr Frag: "Keep all your 
    command units in each fight so they gain levels as soon as possible. The bonus 
    to attack and defence provided to a level 4 unit is fantastic." 
    Take extra care against special Barbarian units: Berserkers, Hunters and 
    German Cavalry. You should be familiar with German Cavalry from earlier 
    missions - they are fairly easily disposed of by luring them into a line of 
    stationary Spearmen. Berserkers have a powerful melee attack, however they 
    appear to take a few seconds to 'psych themselves up', so a very rapid, 
    overpowering attack can sometimes avoid the worst of their damage. Another 
    tactic that sometimes works is to send a high-health unit such as a character 
    into the frontline to soak some damage - save before trying this though, since 
    should their health fail them, you'll fail the mission ;-) . Berserkers may be 
    found in the woodland just to the east of Gobannitio (6 on the map above) and 
    on a ridge just to the north-west of Caius Crastinus' reinforcements (5 on the 
    map above). Hunters lay in ambush in woodland, and can only be found by very 
    precise wolf scouting - they are not visible to other units. They attack 
    apparently from nowhere, causing huge amounts of damage - indeed it is 
    possible for them to eliminate a unit completely if (un)lucky. Hunters may be 
    found in the woodland at point 7 on the map above. The most effective way to 
    deal with them in this mission is to ignore them - don't go into the woodland 
    and they will remain inactive. A more conventional anti-hunter technique is to 
    sacrifice a cheap unit such as a scout to their ambush; however at this stage 
    in the game you need ever unit you can get. Alternatively locate them using 
    the scout's wolf, then attempt to engage them with archers, backed up by melee 
    troops once the Hunters become active. 
    I suggest you first advance north and meet with Gobannitio. Deal with enemy 
    patrols and units in the surrounding woodland before sending a unit to met 
    him. Then slowly work north to the line of towers, then east, then south, 
    picking up the majority of his troops and clearing enemy units in the process. 
    Leave Caius Crastinus' reinforcements until close to the end. I suggest this 
    because: (1) although Caius Crastinus is relatively easy to reach, he is 
    surrounded by some quite unpleasant enemy units (notably the Berserkers on the 
    ridge just to his north-west); (2) Gobannitio's troops cannot join your army 
    until Gobannitio has joined you, so you will waste more time walking across 
    the map; and (3) overall Gobannitio has more troops to offer, arguably of the 
    same or higher quality. 
    Mr Frag writes: "Don't worry about having a city to recruit [from], as you 
    will already have far more units then you can actually command." Once your 
    army has been assembled, consider how best to defeat the horde.
    5.15.4 Defeating the horde
    Once your troops enter the northern half of the map, specifically close to any 
    one of the three villages, several groups of enemy troops attack you. From 
    LordJohnDrinksalot: "The central village and a broad area around it triggers a 
    horde of attackers. The friendly village at the top right also seems to 
    trigger major attacks. The enemy village at the left also triggers waves of 
    attackers. They will probably wipe you out and leave your head on a pole." 
    This attack needs to be prepared for. The most common method is to find a 
    location in or close to the northern half of the map that can be easily 
    fortified, preferably higher ground, preferably with a single entrance. An 
    alternative (generally less successful) strategy is to immediately take 
    control of one of the villages and fortify that. The later is what Gobannitio 
    suggests you do at Lucan. 
    The capture and defense of Lucan (4 on the map above) is not recommended, but 
    I describe it first to highlight some of the problems. When you get close to 
    Lucan with Gobannitio in your party, the village comes under your control. 
    From bond0bhave: "The key is to stop the Barbarian leader from getting control 
    of the village while you use the Barbarian Infantry you get to build lots of 
    defense towers around the village." The ridge to the south of the village (10 
    on the map above) contains several enemy units which should be eliminated as 
    soon as possible. It commands views over two approaches to the village and has 
    only one entrance, only accessible to units that can enter woodland. 
    Bond0bhave continues: "When you take the village just mass produce archers, 
    and stack them into the towers you have built on the ridge, I managed to have 
    it so that most enemy attack forces had lost most of their strength by the 
    time they got to the base." The main advantage of capturing Lucan is the 
    ability to recruit troops, including powerful units such as Praetorians. 
    Unfortunately if you have gathered an army without taking heavy casualties, 
    there will be insufficient Unit Control Points to build additional troops 
    until the first attacks start to do damage, at which point there will only be 
    enough training time for a handful of units. There are only a few minutes to 
    build defenses before the attacks start. There are two major disadvantages to 
    trying to defend Lucan. Firstly the village is inherently difficult to defend, 
    with three main approaches and a very exposed village garrison. Secondly, 
    where other locations tend to attract several waves of attackers, Lucan seems 
    positioned such that many of the attackers appear in one main wave - to quote 
    Mark OHearn: "It will cause a massive onslaught no one can overcome." While it 
    is probably feasible to survive at Lucan on the easier difficulties, the 
    defense of Lucan is not the best overall strategy. 
    Instead of trying to defend Lucan, find a readily defensible position, fortify 
    your troops in it, and wait for the horde to attack. The position needs to be 
    close to the northern half of the map, however if you use a position in the 
    middle of the map it is possible to set up your defenses, then take a group of 
    fast moving units such as Archer Cavalry close to one of the villages, but 
    break off and flee just before the village defenders attack. This seems to be 
    enough to trigger the horde. 
    My suggested location is shown as 8 on the map above. Destroy the enemy tower 
    first. This position is on high ground, with a single narrow approach and 
    enough space to hide the majority of your forces at the rear. Since it is 
    closer to one enemy village than the other, the horde will attack in waves, 
    which allows time between attacks for healing and repairs. Mark OHearn 
    suggests: "Set up a strong defensive position south of the village, on the 
    hill near the ruins." This location is marked 9 on the map above. Again it is 
    on high ground and the enemy will tend to attack in waves. It is not quite as 
    easy to defend as location 8. 
    General tactics are the same at each location. Build several towers to allow 
    archers to fire down onto approaching troops. Catapults and Ballistas can also 
    be effective. Scouts can be used to gain maximum visibility. Since the enemy 
    do not use scouts against you, they are blind to the location of your ranged 
    troops until they reach the same height. So don't let them: Use stationary 
    Spearmen to block the approach(es). You may lose some, but so long as the line 
    holds this will not be a problem. Keep Centurions, Chieftains and Physicians 
    nearby. From blackwulf: "[Keep] allied warriors and legions in reserve. The 
    mounted horsemen (Equites and Noblemen) were way south. I kept baiting the 
    enemy against this defense; moved the legions up in turtle formation with 
    allied warriors." Legionaries in turtle formation act as an effective decoy - 
    just ensure they do not become swamped by enemy. From LordJohnDrinksalot: 
    "Hotkey Equites to run down Bowmen and retreat from Pikemen." 
    A third alternative location is the ridged area immediately to the south of 
    Lucan (10 on the map above). Random writes: "The access to this ridge is 
    surrounded by forest. Have some archers set up on the ridge in stationary mode 
    ... and set up your foot troops close by. Then lure some enemy troops into the 
    forest and ambush them." From loki: "Deploy, legions turtled on the front, 
    keep your cavalry way behind, keep the warriors behind the legions." Cavalry 
    will not be able to reach the ridge, since they cannot pass through woodland. 
    This is the most significant advantage when using this method against the 
    enemy. Your cavalry can either be used to bait enemy troops or held in reserve 
    a long way to the south.
    5.15.5 Dealing with villages
    Once the attacks die down counter-attack immediately. The enemies throw the 
    majority of their troops into assaulting your fortified position, leaving 
    their villages relatively unguarded. They will continue to train additional 
    units, so there is nothing to be gained from delay. If you survive the horde 
    with the majority of your troops alive, capturing or destroying the two enemy 
    villages will be very straightforward. If your survived, but only just, 
    tactics will be needed. 
    Both enemy villages have woodland nearby that can be used to sneak attack 
    enemy defenders or burn the village to the ground - particularly useful when 
    attacking Ursoli (3 on the map above). Alternatively, when attacking Ilanna (2 
    on the map above), Publius suggests: "Capture the elevated terrain just on the 
    south east of the allied village with your Legionaries, send some foot archers 
    and auxiliary to build a catapult there to harass the enemy troops surrounding 
    the allied village. Once provoked, they will meet your Legionaries placed 
    south of the allied village." From LordJohnDrinksalot: "Try and ambush the 
    enemy troops moving from the top left village by various methods. Your wolf 
    scouts help a great deal still. I caught a four 16-man bowmen units with a 
    quick Equite charge and lost no one." 
    If replacement troops are needed, capture one of the cities. Very capable 
    units such as Praetorians can be produced - and you _will_ have enough Honour 
    Points to produce an army of them ;-) . Publius writes: "It's a good idea too 
    to send the allied chief [Gobannitio] to convert troops in his range." 
    There is no need to capture Lucan. You can if you wish, but you may have to 
    fight your way through as many enemy troop to reach Lucan as you would to 
    capture one of the other villages.
    5.15.6 When I get attacked by Hunters my troops freeze. Why?
    This is supposed to be fixed by patch 1.04. If they do become stuck there is 
    nothing that you can do to regain control of the units.
    5.16 Homecoming
    5.16.1 Overview
    Location: Near Antioch, Roman Province of Syria. 
    Date: February 21, 52 BC. 
    - Escort Cassius Longinus to Antioch. 
    - + Expel the Nabatean and Parthian invaders. 
    - Gaius Cassius Longinus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 163/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 9/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (24/27), Auxiliary Infantry (19), Gaius 
    Cassius Longinus (Centurion, level 2), Hawk Scout, 3x Legionaries (26/27/29), 
    Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Praetorians, 
    Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                       .-'  '-.
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                                  '-.~ ~ ~ ~  .       .  ~ ~ .-'
                                     '-.  ~     .   .     .-'
                                        '-.~      1    .-'
                                           '-.      .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Batuae. Population 600. 
    3 = Chalcis. Population 500. 
    4 = Antioch. 
    5 = Woodland. 
    6 = Wooden bridge.
    5.16.2 Strategy
    At the very start of the mission, select all your units (including the Wolf 
    Scout by the river) and run them over the bridge to the north. Since 
    Legionaries cannot cross water, this route must be used to advance. If you 
    wait more than a few seconds a large group of enemy cavalry will ride across 
    the river and take up a position on the bridge. While it is perhaps possible 
    to defeat the cavalry, such a fight inflicts heavy casualties on your troops - 
    no Spearmen are available, so there is no 'easy' combat solution. Initially 
    you have no Physician or village to recruit additional troops, so should try 
    to avoid as much combat as possible. 
    Once across the bridge head for the woodland on the western side (marked 5 on 
    the map above). Try to avoid the enemy units to the north-east. There are far 
    too many enemy on the main path to Antioch to contemplate using the direct 
    route. Once you reach the wood, you will see Syrian allies on the ridge to the 
    north. Race in to help them defeat their attackers. Whatever allied units you 
    save will join your forces. It is not critical to save them, but very useful. 
    To the north is a broken bridge (6 on the map above), which can be repaired. 
    Use your archers to kill enemy archers on the opposite bank first. 
    Now you have a choice. Sooner or later you must capture the village of Chalcis 
    (3 on the map above) since additional troops are needed to complete the 
    mission. If you proceed directly on to Antioch using the path to the north and 
    then east the additional allied forces at Antioch will join you. Unfortunately 
    Antioch itself cannot be used to produce new troops, so retreat back and 
    capture Chalcis. The longer you wait, the better defended Chalcis will be. So 
    although the first method provides more troops, you will lose more troops 
    attempting the capture. I therefore suggest you capture Chalcis as soon as 
    possible and delay moving to Antioch until you have secured the village and 
    built up your forces. 
    Consider building a Catapult and positioning it, along with archers, on the 
    ridge above Chalcis. Use these to support your Legionaries. Once the village 
    has been captured immediately start producing replacement troops: Consider 
    Praetorians (you should have amassed enough Honour Points for a handful by 
    this stage) and of course a Physician. While the army is being built up small 
    groups of enemy will attack. Watch out for Nubian Archers who fire poisoned 
    arrows. Poison can be treated by the Roman Physician. Prevent your troops from 
    advancing too far away from the village, since they will engage the large 
    group of enemy troops waiting in the centre of the map. 
    Once Cassius has visited Antioch and a sizable army has been built up, head 
    towards the enemy village of Batuae (2 on the map above), killing enemy units 
    as you find them. Take care when approaching the village through grassland - 
    many enemy units are lurking there; and those enemy archers never miss a 
    chance to set your troops on fire should your forces enter the grass >:) . FV 
    Constantinus writes: "After you neutralize this town, the map opens up and you 
    can see all the enemy forces." To complete the mission, destroy all the 
    remaining groups of enemy soldiers. There is no need to chase after every last 
    5.17 War of Attrition
    5.17.1 Overview
    Location: Kingdom of the Avernii, Gaul. 
    Date: April 9, 52 BC. 
    - Escort a wagon to the first fortress. 
    - Escort a wagon to the second fortress. 
    - Escort a wagon to the third fortress. 
    - Titus Labienus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 292/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 12/50. 
    Starting units (under your control): 3x Auxiliary Archers (30), 2x German 
    Cavalry (12), 2x Legionaies (30), Spearmen (30), Titus Labienus (Centurion, 
    level 0), 3x Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                                .-'  *. * '-.
                             .-'      .  .   '-.
                          .-'         .   .     '-.
                       .-'            .   .        '-.
                    .-'               .    .          '-.
                 .-' .               .     .             '-.
              .-'. .   . .  . .  . .       .                '-.
           .-' .                   .  .  . 5  .  .  .  .  . .  '-.
        .-' *   .                         .  .                 .  '-.
     .-'   2 *  .       .  .             .     .                 . *4'-.
    '-.  * *   . . .  .       .  . . .  .       . .             .  *.-'
       '-.         .                                .        .   .-'
          '-.       .                           .      .  .   .-'
             '-.      .                       .            .-'
                '-.     .                   .           .-'
                   '-.    . . . .  1 . .  .          .-'
                      '-.          .              .-'
                         '-. ~ ~ ~ ] [ ~ ~ ~ ~ .-'
                            '-.   *      *  .-'
                               '-.  *  * .-'
                                  '-. .-'
    * * = Fortification/wall.
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = West fortress. 
    3 = North fortress. 
    4 = East fortress. 
    5 = Crossroads.
    5.17.2 Strategy
    Each of the three wagons has an escort of Auxiliary Archers and Spearmen. In 
    addition, the party is lead by a group of Praetorians and Balearic Slingers. 
    You cannot control these units. They will only proceed once you start moving, 
    and only move towards the fortress that you appear to be moving towards. This 
    gives some flexibility and control over how fast the convoy progresses, 
    although the lead party will always be ahead of your main army, so try to rest 
    in a position where it is not under attack - Praetorians and Balearic Slingers 
    may be good, but they can only take so much. 
    The fortresses can be visited in any order. I suggest you travel to the 
    western fortress (2 on the map above) first because once you arrive you will 
    gain a Physician, without which it will be exceptionally hard to keep your 
    army alive. The north fortress (3 on the map above) should be the final 
    destination, since it is the most heavily defended. 
    A few additional troops can be picked up at fortresses, but no new units may 
    be trained. Again, care needs to be taken not to take significant casualties 
    in any one battle. From jiehao85: "I tried to avoid the forests to keep away 
    from the hunters. Make sure you have your spearmen to guard the back." In 
    particular there are a few groups of Noblemen that will attempt to attack any 
    part of the convoy they see is not well defended. LordJohnDrinksalot writes: 
    "I used my hero and German Cavalry to charge any enemies my scouts found. 
    Awesome attack: must charge but at end game I had something like 100+ kills 
    for each German Cavalry troop with zero cavalry losses." Once you get him, 
    keep your Physician close and your cavalry should last the mission. Without 
    German Cavalry the mission becomes quite hard. 
    As you approach the northern fortress (3 on the map above) you will come under 
    heavy attack. This is survivable if careful use is made of troops, 
    particularly the Berserkers gained at the East fortress. However, the attack 
    is tough and can be pre-empted, as Mark OHearn explains: "Instead of engaging 
    in battle, set-up a strong fortified defence at the crossroads [marked 5 on 
    the map above]. A couple of towers and siege weapons. Make sure you have 
    medics and scouts to extend range. There is a small hill at your back that's 
    great for siege/tower. Hide your legions in woods on hold until overrun. You 
    will need to bait your enemies out of the woods - Centurions are good for this 
    use." Finally send Titus Labienus up to the fortress to bait the remaining 
    enemy before waiting for the final wagon to arrive at the fortress.
    5.18 Alea Iacta Est
    5.18.1 Overview
    Location: River Rubicon, Italian Frontier. 
    Date: January 12, 49 BC. 
    - Capture the village of Pisaurus. 
    - + Defend the village of Pisaurus. 
    - Capture the village of Fanum. 
    - + Defend the village of Fanum. 
    - Capture the village of Ancona. 
    - + Defend the village of Ancona. 
    - Caius Crastinus must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 390/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 13/50. 
    Starting units: 3x Balearic Slingers (16), Caius Crastinus (Centurion, level 
    0), 5x Legionaries (30), Physician, 3x Spearmen (30). 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                             .-'.    '-.
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                   '-.  . . .      ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . . .-'
                      '-.     . .                        .  .-'
                         '-.      . .               . .  .-'
                            '-.       .           .   .-'
                               '-.      .       .  .-'
                                  '-.    .  . . .-'
                                     '-.  1  .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Pisaurus. Population 100. 
    3 = Fanum. Population 120. 
    4 = Ancona. Population 350. 
    5-8 = Bridging points. 
    9 = Militia of Ancona.
    5.18.2 Crossing the southern river
    This is the first mission where Romans fight Romans, and you may need to 
    modify established tactics slightly. Use this mission to become familiar with 
    Roman vs Roman battles. There are many large groups of Pompeians lurking, any 
    one of which is capable of doing significant damage to your forces. 
    The initial advance is frustrated by the lack of a scout. Without adequate 
    scouting your troops will walk blindly into various ambushes. Fortunately 
    there is a scout nearby. The scout is on the ridge immediately to the north-
    west of your start position. Advance slightly along the north-west path, first 
    taking a group of Auxiliary Infantry hiding in the trees, then ambushing the 
    cavalry just ahead using stationary Spearmen, before rushing up onto the ridge 
    to dispatch the archers. The Hawk Scout on the far corner of the ridge will 
    join your forces once you come close. 
    There are two bridging points crossing the south river, east and west (marked 
    5 and 6 on the map above). The east bridge (5 on the map above) is by far the 
    easiest way to cross, both in terms of the volume of enemy that need to be 
    fought to reach the crossing and the ease of making the crossing itself. 
    The East bridge method is as follows: Immediately north-east of the start 
    point (1 on the map above) is an area of grassland. This contains a sizable 
    enemy army of Legionaries, supported by archers on the ridge to the west, and 
    archers in the shallow water to the north. Once any of these units are 
    attacked, or your troops travel too far north, the whole army will attack. Use 
    your new scout to locate the archers on the ridge, and send your troops into 
    the woodland just to the west of them. Now attack the archers with a legion 
    and let your slingers bombard the enemy in the grassland below. Keep your 
    Legionaries in the woodland until the (damaged) enemy come close: Do not let 
    them head towards the shallow water they cannot enter, or let them wander into 
    the (surprisingly given all the rain) flammable grassland. Using this method 
    it is possible to destroy the enemy army with almost no casualties. Surviving 
    this battle with your army in tact helps greatly once you cross the river. 
    At the northern end of the path are a group of enemy cavalry. Use a 
    combination of stationary Spearmen and slingers on the ridge above to kill 
    them without loss. Demote one unit (probably a Spearmen) to create Auxiliary 
    Infantry and repair the bridge. There is a large enemy army on the ridge to 
    the north-east, but it will not respond to you crossing the bridge. Cross and 
    set up another ambush to deal with the nearby cavalry. 
    The West bridge method is not recommended, but is still possible. Advance 
    along the north-east path until your forces reach the point with a ridge on 
    each side. Take the ridge to the north. This will draw in enemy from the 
    opposite ridge but gives you the advantage of height when attacking them. Then 
    use a your slingers to attack enemy units on the opposite side of the river. 
    You may also wish to demote a unit (probably of Spearmen) and create a 
    Catapult. The woodland on your side of the bridge (6 on the map above) 
    contains another army of enemy foot soldiers. Draw them out and then use the 
    valley between ridges to bombard them from above. 
    Now repair the bridge (if you have not already done so, demote a unit to 
    create Auxiliary Infantry). Observe the heavy enemy presence near the tower on 
    the opposite ridge. The moment you cross the bridge this army will attack. The 
    only viable tactic seems to be to rush across the bridge into the woodland 
    opposite and engage the enemy melee troops there. Then quickly advance to the 
    tower to destroy their ranged troops. This is not an easy fight and will 
    probably cost a unit or two of Legionaries, even if your army was at full 
    strength to begin with.
    5.18.3 Pisaurus and Fanum
    Both Pisaurus (2 on the map above) and Fanum (3 on the map above) will 
    'surrender' to you as soon as your troops come close. When they do, the 
    objective to capture the town will change to an objective to defend it. In 
    each case there are two enemy armies ready to pounce on the village. They are 
    triggered by the village being captured. The village will defend itself using 
    its own troops, however these battles are far easier to win if you have 
    already defeated (or are at the very least busy attacking) one of the enemy 
    armies when the village is captured. 
    If you used the east bridge crossing (5 on the map above), it is likely that 
    Pisaurus will be captured first. Before capture, engage the army on the ridge 
    immediately north-east of the bridge. It is then possible to use the woodland 
    close to the northern river to kill some enemy cavalry patrols. The second 
    enemy army is waiting on a ridge just to the east of the village. Immediately 
    to the north of this enemy army is a clump of trees. This woodland can be used 
    very effectively to mount an attack against the enemy army. When capturing 
    Fanum (3 on the map above), try to take the ridge on the southern side of the 
    village before capturing it. Otherwise the enemy Catapult will rain down 
    stones onto the village, rapidly wiping out its defenders. Balearic Slingers 
    are very effective against Catapults. 
    Once the relevant enemy armies for each village have been destroyed, the 
    objective to defend the village will be completed - there are no further 
    counter-attacks. Whatever remain of the village's own troops join your army. 
    Any loses can be replaced by training fresh troops. Note the small population 
    totals for these villages - don't expect to be able to rebuild your entire 
    army, just train a few essential troops. This is the first mission in which 
    Gladiators can be trained. Gladiators are elite units similar to Praetorians, 
    except with worse defense and a slightly better attack, notably including the 
    ability to throw a net over their victims just before they attack.
    5.18.4 Ancona
    Before proceeding across the northern river, move your troops close to the 
    Militia of Ancona (point 9 on the map above). Initially the militia will 
    attack, but after taking damage will retreat and declare that they are no 
    longer with the Pompeians. This makes capturing Ancona far easier because only 
    the Pompeian troops surrounding the village need to be killed, not the 
    defenders of the village itself. 
    Again there is a choice of locations to bridge the river - east and west (7 
    and 8 on the map above). The east crossing is guarded by a group of enemy 
    archers. If they remain in the woodland they can be a real pain. It is 
    possible to lure them into the open by letting them fire on a unit then slowly 
    retreat the unit to the west; but this can be a frustrating process. Once 
    across the bridge, a group of Equites guard the path. 
    The bridge at the west crossing can be repaired in peace. However, when 
    advancing towards the town your forces will come under attack from enemy on 
    the ridge by the river. With careful positioning of slingers or Catapults, 
    combined with Hawk based scouting, these enemy units can be destroyed prior to 
    crossing the river. 
    As soon as your troops cross the river, the village will surrender to you. The 
    Pompeians then attack from all of the ridged areas surrounding the village, 
    and with archers hidden in woodland. Overwhelming force should win the day 
    easily, and by now your army will be at least 500 men strong, if not larger, 
    with a several elite units. Final victory comes once the enemy armies have 
    been destroyed.
    5.19 War Within the Mountains
    5.19.1 Overview
    Location: Pyrenees Mountains, Hispania. 
    Date: June 27, 49 BC. 
    - Defend the pass across the Pyrenees. 
    + Meet Sextus Calpurnius and his men (new objective after 10 minutes). 
    + Sextus Calpurnis must survive (new objective after 10 minutes). 
    + Meet with Titus Lucius and his men (new objective after 20 minutes). 
    + Titus Lucius must survive (new objective after 20 minutes). 
    Unit Control Points: 391/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 17/50. 
    Starting units: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), 3x Auxiliary Infantry (30), 
    Centurion (level 3), Centurion (level 0), 2x Equites (12), Hawk Scout, 2x 
    Legionaries (30), Physician, Praetorians (16), 2x Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                       .-'      '-.
                    .-'   _ .    8 '-.
                 .-'.  . |1|  .       '-.
              .-'.       .     .  .      '-.
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        .-'  .                      .       .  '-.
     .-'   _    . .          .      .          .  '-.
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                         '-.    5  . .   ~       . .  .  . . . |4|  .-'
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                                  '-.      . .     .     ~ .-'
                                     '-.       _ .     ~.-'
                                        '-.   |3|    .-'
                                           '-.    .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Your village. Population 300. Start location. 
    2 = Ally's village. Population 300. 
    3 = Enemy village. Population 1000. 
    4 = Enemy village. Population 1000. 
    5 = Sextus Calpurnius. 
    6 = Titus Lucius. 
    7 = Suggested defensive ridge. 
    8-10 = Alternative defensive ridges.
    5.19.2 Introduction
    The orders imply both your village (1 on the map above) and your ally's 
    village (2 on the map above) must be defended. However, it is possible to have 
    your garrison destroyed and not fail the mission. Of course, without a base it 
    will become increasingly difficult to complete the mission. If your ally's 
    garrison is destroyed the mission will be failed. Aside from surviving, the 
    mission lasts until the Pompeians and their provincial allies decide to 
    retreat. There are two known methods of getting the Pompeians to leave: 
    The first is to destroy at least one enemy village in a bold offensive 
    strategy (see below - it is arguably the easiest strategy, but is the least 
    The second (more common) way to complete the mission revolves around the 
    defecting generals. After 10 minutes of play, Sextus Calpurnius and his men 
    defect (at location 5 on the map above). After 20 minutes Titus Lucius defects 
    (at location 6 on the map above). Once the defections occur, send a unit (any 
    type will do) to meet the defectors and then ensure the officer reaches the 
    protection of your fortifications. There is no need to ensure the defecting 
    troops survive, just their officer. LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "I sent Wolf 
    Scouts to contact the Centurions as they defected." From loki: "I kind of 
    cheated, I sent two Auxiliary Infantry in the woods where the defections would 
    be, putting them on hold, and defensive, right at the beginning of the 
    mission. That way, I was able to reach them as soon as they defect, thus I 
    could carry them back very quickly to my base without having to spend troops 
    to reach them." You will need to survive just over 20 minutes, so a strong 
    defense is suggested.
    5.19.3 Defense
    On normal difficulty, more than 2000 enemy units attack from the south over 
    the course of about 20 minutes. These are mostly Roman units, so may be 
    somewhat harder to defeat than the Barbarian and Egyptian regulars found in 
    most of the previous missions. 
    My suggested defensive strategy involves fortifying and defending the ridged 
    area south of your village, overlooking the shallow water (marked 7 on the map 
    above). The ridge has two approaches, one on the northern side, and another on 
    the east. At the southern end of the ridge there is woodland, with a small 
    area of open ground on the southern-most tip. Immediately select all your 
    troops and run them to the ridge. Leave one Centurion (the level 0 Centurion) 
    to recruit at the village. Order recruitment of a few Auxiliary Archers, 
    followed by Praetorians. By the time the Praetorians start training you will 
    have the required Honour Points ;-) . 
    Build a Catapult on the southern-most tip of the ridge, and position a Wolf 
    Scout next to it. Place your initial archers in the woodland, as stationary 
    and aggressive. The Wolf Scout is important because it extends the reach of 
    these ranged units out across the shallow water *and* into the nearby 
    woodland, thus keeping enemy targets in view for as long as possible. On the 
    northern half of the ridge build two towers, one facing each of the entrances. 
    Fill these with newly recruited archers as they become available. Place a unit 
    of stationary Spearmen across the mouth of each entrance. Hotkey cavalry and 
    melee troops (initially mostly Legionaries, later Praetorians), but keep them 
    on the ridge with hold orders until you need them. Once the initial 
    constructions have been completed use the remaining Auxiliary Infantry to 
    build Catapults. Aim to have half a dozen Catapults in operation by the end. 
    Set all Catapults to aggressive, and give them the option to fire barrage 
    shot. Ballistas may be a viable alternative for the careful commander - in my 
    experience they tend to cause slightly too many friendly casualties in what is 
    already a fairly chaotic mission to manage. 
    Around this time the first wave of enemy attackers should arrive. The majority 
    of attacks come directly from the south. Let your archers and Catapults do as 
    much damage as possible. LordJohnDrinksalot notes: "The archers really hurt 
    the enemy the most, with hundreds of kills, especially if they attempt to 
    cross the river near the hilltop." Only use other troops once the enemy get 
    close to the ridge entrance(s). Then use the most appropriate group of troops 
    to deal with whatever enemy units are approaching - let enemy cavalry charge 
    the Spearmen, use your cavalry to mow down their archers, and send melee 
    troops out to deal with others. When the enemy attacks from the woodland to 
    the east, send melee troops out to deal with them - this approach is rarely 
    used. When the battle is over, pull everyone back up onto the ridge 
    immediately and let the Physician heal them. Only take your eye off the battle 
    momentarily to bring newly trained troops to the front-line or to meet with 
    the defectors: Some groups of enemy such as Gladiators and Praetorians will 
    reach the ridge and wipe out half of your defenses if you are not ready to 
    respond with melee troops. 
    Although not directly protecting either village, this method covers two of the 
    three possible approaches to both villages, including the only two approaches 
    that cavalry and Spearmen can use. The main group of archers and Catapult on 
    the southern-most tip will engage the majority of enemy coming directly from 
    the south so long as they have the extended range afforded by a nearby Wolf 
    Scout. Those that get through head towards your allied village, but so few 
    survive your aerial bombardment that your ally is more than capable of 
    finishing them off. This is less true on hard difficulty, since the allied 
    village appears to train fewer new units. However a veteran player should be 
    able to spare troops to assist their ally in the closing stages of the 
    There are several other possible ridges close to the villages that may be used 
    for defense, shown 8-10 on the map above. Location 10 (the ridge just to the 
    south of the allied village) will be used by your ally anyway. Location 9 
    contains a clump of trees that may be used to hide archers and an area behind 
    suitable for Catapults and other troops. Unfortunately the single access to 
    the ridge is directly from the south, so the enemy engage your melee troops 
    far sooner than using the method outlined above. This only protects against 
    forces coming directly from the south, allowing the enemy to out-flank the 
    villages' defenses unless alternative defenses are set in place. The ridge to 
    the east of your village is of little practical use since it only fires down 
    on troops that have already reached your village - and enemy archers can 
    happily set fire to the garrison without leaving the shelter of the nearby 
    Instead of defending a ridge, consider defending your village itself. Kmorg74 
    writes: "The trick here is to keep concentrated and inside the town. Build up 
    three towers in your village and keep tight. Build catapults next, at least 
    five. Keep the Praetorian big guys in the middle small wood with a Centurion 
    and a healer. Build only enough archers to fill towers and Praetorians." 
    Praetorians are excellent troops for defense, and will very often be the only 
    troops still standing after a huge enemy onslaught. Random writes: "I built 3 
    or 4 defense towers close by my town and filled them with archers. My infantry 
    hid in the trees just south of my town to attack anyone that came close, while 
    the towers could shoot them easily. I sent my Equites out on hit and run 
    missions on enemy archers that attacked the allied town." From Shinobi: "I 
    placed the Praetorians near the towers and let the melee units come to them so 
    the towers could help them with boulders. When the melee units are eliminated, 
    I send the Praetorians to the nearby forests to kill hidden archers." 
    Shorty writes: "But there is one problem: your ally won't hold the village - 
    therefore send a couple of infantry to his town and start building a couple of 
    towers." Shinobi writes: "On the ally side I placed 2 archer groups on the 
    forest/hill just south of the village and placed the 2 spearmen groups on the 
    pathway to the forest/hill to protect the archers. When the spearmen kill the 
    melee units, I use the Equites to kill the remaining archers. To protect the 
    middle portion, I placed the 2 Legionaries groups on the forest with defensive 
    and hold position commands." From artifax: "I was more successful when I tried 
    to conserve my troops using my Equites to sally back and forth protecting 'our 
    allies village'."
    5.19.4 Offense
    FV Constantinus writes: "Defense? Yeah right! I got to thinking, I am 100% 
    better at attacking than defending and the only way I won the previous defense 
    missions was by counter attacking. I did the unthinkable under stress and took 
    my whole force on an offensive. I burnt the garrison of the village in the 
    bottom left corner while the enemy took out mine. To my surprise they didn't 
    tell me I had failed, so I kept it up and the Pompeians stopped attacking." 
    This is the easiest way to win the mission. Immediately run all your troops 
    south, close to the western enemy village (3 on the map above). Be quick or 
    else your forces will run into enemy troops coming north from the other 
    village (4 on the map above). Leave one Centurion hidden in woodland away from 
    the battle - it is important that one unit survive. Now engage the huge army 
    by the village with everything except archers. Once the battle has started, 
    move your archers to within range of the village, and order them to attack the 
    village (note _village_ not garrison). Everyone in the battle will probably 
    die. That is not important. Hopefully your archers will have managed to set 
    the village alight. Keep your remaining Centurion hidden and wait for the 
    village to burn down. The enemy should logically put out the fire, but they 
    seem too busy fighting to notice. Once the village is destroyed the Pompeians 
    retreat and the mission is victorious - total time less than 5 minutes.
    5.20 Let the Hunt Begin
    5.20.1 Overview
    Location: Coast of Macedonia, North of Greece. 
    Date: April 10, 48 BC. 
    - Defend the fortress. 
    - + Meet with the reinforcements. 
    - - + Help the reinforcements reach the fortress (this objective is added 
    after a period of time, even if the meeting does not occur). 
    Unit Control Points: 459/750. 
    Troop Control Points: 18/80. 
    Starting units: Archer Cavalry (16), 3x Auxiliary Archers (30), 2x Auxiliary 
    Infantry (30), 3x Balearic Slingers (16), Caius Crastinus (Centurion, level 
    0), Equites (12), Legionaries (30), 2x Physician, 2x Spearmen (30), 2x Wagon. 
    Available units: Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic Slingers, 
    Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                                .-'   '-.
                             .-' _     * '-.
                          .-'   |1|  *      '-.
                       .-'*      * * * . .  . .'-.
                    .-' .   *  *   .             .'-.
                 .-'  .       *     .               .'-.
              .-'   .                .                 .'-.
           .-'   .  .              .            +       .  '-.
        .-'   .       . .        +               .      .     '-.
     .-' ~      .         .     .             .         _        '-.
    '-.     ~     .          .   _          .          |3|      ~   '-.
       '-.     ~     .  .       |2|   +                      ~       .-'
          '-.     ~       .     . .                       ~       .-'
             '-.     ~       .      .                ~  ~      .-'
                '-.     ~            +        ~  ~ ~        .-'
                   '-.    ~    ~ ~    ~     ~            .-'
                      '-.  ~       ~           ~      .-'
                         '-. ~  ~  ~     4     ~   .-'
                            '-.     ~         ~ .-'
                               '-.    ~  ~  ~.-'
                                  '-.     .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    1 = Caesar's Fortress. Population 700. Start location. 
    2 = Nymphaeum. Population 800. 
    3 = Mercenary Camp. 
    4 = Port of Nymphaeum.
    5.20.2 Defend the fortress
    There are two distinct attacks against the fortress. The first tends to target 
    the west gate, without significant attempts to climb the walls. The second 
    tends to target the south gate, with multiple attempts to climb the walls. 
    Set-up your forces in preparation for the first attack on the western side. 
    LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "Run the slingers to the left side walls, they're 
    deadly to siege-craft. Instantly create new Centurions by promoting Spearmen 
    units. Run all leaders near the left side walls so they can level up from all 
    the kills. Run Physicians underneath units on wall to heal them." Consider 
    building several Catapults. Set your ranged troops to aggressive. Place 
    Spearmen on stationary by the gates in case the gate should be breached. Group 
    up cavalry and use them to ride out to any poorly defended enemy units. As 
    noted above, Balearic Slingers are very effective against siege engines. 
    Initially train extra 'cheap' units such archers, Spearmen or Legionaries. 
    Later, once the fights start, switch to elite units such as Balearic Slingers, 
    Gladiators and Praetorians in preparation for the final part of the mission. 
    After the first attack prepare for the second by moving some units round to 
    the southern side of the fortress and repair any damaged gates. Try to prevent 
    the enemy from climbing the wall. From LordJohnDrinksalot: "The Equites can 
    cut ladders to pieces, but don't get very far from the walls because the enemy 
    archers will turn their attention on the Equites. The Spearmen can be 
    stationed on the walls now (because the towers and ladders have to be 
    destroyed) without delay or else the enemies get inside." Try to keep as many 
    units alive as possible - the second half of the mission requires troops too 
    ;-) . This mission is a rare case where (by accident or design, I'm not sure) 
    the special character (Caius Crastinus) can be killed without failing the 
    mission. But after surviving four mission appearances it seems a shame to kill 
    him off now...
    5.20.3 Reinforcements
    The mission orders hint that reinforcements will be arriving. As soon as the 
    second attack against the fortress has been defeated start to prepare for the 
    reinforcements. Shortly afterwards they will arrive, triggering the objective 
    to meet them on the beach (location 4 on the map above). However, after a few 
    minutes they become impatient and start fighting their way towards the 
    fortress, even if you have not yet met with them. Of course there are far too 
    many enemy for them to succeed alone... The mission will fail when the last of 
    the reinforcements are killed. 
    If the two wagons in the fortress can reach the Mercenary Camp (3 on the map 
    above), additional mercenary cavalry are gained, including some German 
    Cavalry. LordJohnDrinksalot comments: "Avoid any enemies not on that narrow 
    path to the mercenary village. You really need these mercenaries, I feel, 
    because their cavalry and numbers really add a powerful punch." Cavalry are a 
    useful asset, but gaining them is by no means essential. Indeed it might be 
    regarded as a diversion from the main objective - instead the time can be used 
    building up your own army by recruitment. I think the decision to travel to 
    the Mercenary Camp primarily depends what type of unit best suits your 
    fighting style. The main advantage of cavalry is speed. This is useful when 
    running between small groups of enemy stationed on the higher ground in the 
    centre of the map, however, speed is of little use when assaulting towers or 
    the enemy village. 
    From bond0bhave: "I never used the mercenaries. I took a few assaults and then 
    sent a catapult and an archer group with 2 Legionaries south, straight to the 
    enemy base [2 on the map above] ... Hit the base nicely, then retreated to my 
    base." Eliminating the enemy base greatly improves the probability of the 
    reinforcements making it safely to the fortress, not least because it prevents 
    additional troops being trained. Also, watch out for further enemy attacks on 
    your fortress - you may spot a group of Battering Rams circling round to the 
    east - either take these in the field or leave adequate defenders at the 
    Once the reinforcements start moving they will survive reasonable well until 
    they reach the enemy village (2 on the map above). By this point they must 
    have your help, or will die. Once the village and its surrounding towers have 
    been eliminated, the worst of the fighting should be over. This is achievable 
    if the first half of the mission was completed with a reasonable number of 
    troops surviving. It is quite easy if you have subsequently recruited some 
    additional elite units such as Balearic Slingers or Praetorians. Finally mop 
    up various small groups of enemy troops on the higher ground either side of 
    the path from the village to the fortress. The reinforcements will gradually 
    work their way to towards the fortress, attacking almost every enemy in sight 
    on the way. Ensure some of them survive and the mission will be completed once 
    the remaining reinforcements reach the fortress.
    5.21 The End of the Republic
    5.21.1 Overview
    Location: The Plains of Pharsalus, Central Greece. 
    Date: June 6, 48 BC. 
    - Destroy the Pompeian encampment. 
    - Quintus Tulius Cicero must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 474/700. 
    Troop Control Points: 19/50. 
    Starting units: 3x Assault Ladders, Assault Tower, 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), 
    2x Auxiliary Infantry (30), 2x Balearic Slingers (16), Battering Ram, 4x 
    Catapult, German Cavalry (12), Hawk Scout, 3x Legionaries (30), Physician, 
    Praetorians (16), Quintus Tulius Cicero (Centurion, level 0). 
    Available units (varies by method): 
    - Roman: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic 
    Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    - Egyptian: Archers, Guardsmen, Hawk Scout, Nubian Archers, Priest, Slaves, 
    Soldiers, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                             .-' .  .'-.
                          .-' .    _  . '-.
                       .-'  .   6 |3| .    '-.
                    .-'  .            . ~     '-.
                 .-'   .           . ~  . ~      '-.
              .-'    .     ~ ~     . ~    .  ~ .    '-.
           .-' .  .     ~ ~ ~        . . .       . .  .'-.
        .-' .               ~ ~      .   .     .  .      .'-.
     .-'  .   .  .   . .  .  .        * *   .       .       .'-.
    '-. 1+ .  .                .    *  _  *          .         .'-.
       '-.      .                 *   |2| *  .        .          . '-.
          '-.    .                . *  *  .    .   .  .  .  _   .     '-.
             '-.  .     .      .  .         . .  .         |5|.      .-'
                '-. . .  . ~   .                  .  ] [~ ~ ~ ] [ .-'
                   '-.  .    ~    _   ~              ~  . .  7 .-'
                      '-. .    ~ |4|   ~          . ~  .    .-'
                         '-. .  . .     . .  .   ~] [.   .-'
                            '-.   . .        ~ ~      .-'
                               '-.  ] [~ ~ ~ ] [   .-'
                                  '-.  .  .  . ~.-'
                                     '-.     .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Pompey's encampment. 
    3 = Mercenary Camp (Syrian). Population 400. 
    4 = Mercenary Camp (Thracian). Population 400. 
    5 = Mercenary Camp (Macedonian). Population 400. 
    6-7 = Mercenary Berserkers.
    5.21.2 Strategy
    The main objective is to destroy the barracks in the Pomeian encampment (2 on 
    the map above). There are three viable opening strategies, some allowing 
    further variations. The first involves a direct assault on the enemy fortress. 
    This is not as impossible as it sounds, although care is needed. The remaining 
    two strategies first capture one or more bases - either the Syrian camp in the 
    north (3 on the map above), or the Thracian camp to the south of your starting 
    position (shown 4 on the map above). The Syrian camp is easier to reach but is 
    likely to force the use a lot of Egyptian units and may prove harder to defend 
    subsequently. The Thracian camp involves a much tougher fight, but allows the 
    immediate production of Roman units and is probably easier to defend. 
    Initially it is not practical to reach the third Macedonian village (5 on the 
    map above) without fighting your way past either the fortress or one of the 
    other villages. 
    In each case, approach the destination with caution, clearing all the ridges 
    and forests before proceeding. Watch your rear because small groups of enemy 
    raiders will appear behind you and cause carnage. Don't let the term 'raider' 
    mislead you - the Macedonian groups typically include Praetorians and Balearic 
    Slingers. Siege engines and ladders can temporarily be kept in the far western 
    corner (at the starting point) without apparently attracting the attention of 
    the enemy. 
    An immediate fortress attack is not the easiest strategy in my opinion, but 
    may suit an offensive play style and does complete the mission relatively 
    quickly. It may not be appropriate to 'hard' difficulty, but can be 
    accomplished at 'normal'. When approaching the fortress, use the path direct 
    from the starting position (obviously clearing nearby ridges first). Draw at 
    least some of the Syrians guarding the western side of the fortress out into 
    an ambush. Then charge everything except a reserve unit of Auxiliary Infantry 
    towards the western corner of the fortress. Get an Assault Tower or ladder up 
    onto the walls and/or order the Battering Ram to remove the south-west gate. 
    Use your cavalry to kill various groups of enemy archers and siege engines 
    outside the walls. Let your Praetorians lead the fight on the walls. That's 
    about it for tactics - a mad battle with huge loses, but it is winnable. It 
    works because the defenders on the opposite side of the fortress will not 
    respond if the attack is restricted to one corner/gate of the fortress. I 
    suggest using the south-west corner because it is easy to get to and slightly 
    less well defended (significantly, not defended with Praetorians or 
    Gladiators). Once the south-west corner of the fortress has been secured, 
    destroy the gate. Now send a Catapult through the gate to attack the barracks. 
    Build a new one if the original Catapults were destroyed. If the barracks is 
    attacked at range the enemy units on the eastern side of the fortress will not 
    respond until it is too late. Once the fortress has been destroyed, victory is 
    The best way to capture mercenary villages is to kill the camp's 
    Centurion/Official and Physician/Priest. Once killed, the village surrenders 
    and its troops become neutral. When Quintus Tulius Cicero (your Centurion) 
    comes within range of these neutral troops they will join your army. Killing 
    the Centurion/Official and Physician/Priest therefore not only removes the 
    need to fight all the camp's defenders, but also bolsters your army. 
    The Syrian camp (3 on the map above) is the easiest to capture, but is the 
    most difficult to subsequently defend. It may ultimately favour players who 
    excel at defense rather than attack. Use the woodland to the west of the 
    village to your advantage, and target the Official and Priest as quickly as 
    possible. It is likely the majority of the village's defenders will join with 
    you, rather than get killed in the fight. While this gains many troops, 
    Egyptian units are not renown for their survivability; their main advantage is 
    a short training time. Basic Egyptian troops can be trained at the village. 
    Alternatively, order the Official in the village to leave, and send in a Roman 
    Centurion replacement. This will allow Roman units to be trained. 
    Capturing the Thracian camp (4 on the map above) involves a tougher fight, but 
    ultimately the village is easier to defend. There is no easy approach to the 
    village, and chances are you will be fighting over shallow water or grassland. 
    The village is primarily defended by Roman units and you may fight most of 
    them before getting a shot at the Centurion and Physician. From Random: "I 
    pretty much had to do an all-out attack on the base to occupy their forces, 
    while I had some horses run down their Centurion and priest. I lost a few men, 
    but then you get their men back, so it was okay. Then you can start recruiting 
    your own guys." 
    As soon as the village has been captured, and nearby troops acquired, heavily 
    fortify the area. Use your spare Auxiliary Infantry to build towers, Catapults 
    and Ballistas while fresh troops are being trained. The former Thracian 
    village is the easiest to defend, as demonstrated by the difficulty in 
    attacking it ;-) . But still place 6-7 towers and a similar number of war 
    machines for a robust defense. The former Syrian village may need more 
    defenses to stem the tide of incoming enemy units. 
    With a secure base, consider mounting an attack on the fortress - the method 
    described above may be used, or a more subtle method of your choosing. 
    Alternatively capture a second or even third base before taking the fortress. 
    The main advantage of capturing subsequent camps is the overall reduction in 
    the amount of attacks against your first camp. Clearly the additional troops 
    help, as does the slight reduction in troops defending the fortress. The 
    Macedonian camp in the south-east (5 on the map above) may also provide 
    additional siege engines. (In my experience one of the camp's Centurions fled 
    to one of the other villages, making capture of these units somewhat harder.) 
    Attack from the south - there is a small wooded ridged area just to the south-
    west of the village that may be used to ambush the camp's defenders, and (once 
    the broken bridge has been repaired) a back route into the village from the 
    south. Lastly there are two groups of neutral mercenary Berserkers (marked 6 
    and 7 on the map above). These units will join your army if your troops come 
    5.22 The Battle for Alexandria
    5.22.1 Overview
    Location: City of Alexandria, Delta of the Nile, Egypt. 
    Date: January 25, 47 BC. 
    - Defend the fortress. 
    - + Defend the port. 
    - - + Burn the boats. 
    Unit Control Points: 924/1000. 
    Troop Control Points: 32/75. 
    Starting units: 2x Archer Cavalry (16), 4x Auxiliary Archers (30), 4x Balearic 
    Slingers (16), 2x Ballista, 2x Catapult, Centurion (level 0), 2x Equites (12), 
    3x Gladiators (16), Hawk Scout, 4x Legionaries (30), Physician, 2x Praetorians 
    (16), 4x Spearmen (30), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, 
    Balearic Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                                   .-' '-.
                                .-'*      '-.
                             .-'     *       '-.
                          .-'   _   *           '-.
                       .-'     |3|    *            '-.
                    .-'  _          *                 '-.
                 .-'    |2|      1    *                  '-.
              .-'    *  *     *     *                      _'-.
           .-'   * *      * *   * *      .                |4|  '-.
        .-'                           .      .           .        '-.
     .-'        .        .    .                 .       .         _  '-.
    '-.       .                         .          +       _     |6|.-'
       '-.   .           .      .                 ~  .  . |5|. . .-'
          '-.  .     9              10  .         ~           .-'
             '-.  .       .      .                .        .-'
                '-. .        .          .      .        .-'
                   '-. 8                    .        .-'
                      '-.       ~  ~ 7            .-'
                         '-.  ~   ~   ~        .-'
                            '-.   ~ ~    ~  .-'
                               '-.  ~  ~ .-'
                                  '-. .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    1 = Palace of Alexandria. Start location. 
    2-3 = Roman barracks. Population 400 each. 
    4-6 = Rebel villages. 
    7 = Port. 
    8-10 = Egyptian allies.
    5.22.2 Defend the fortress
    The Egyptian rebels (which include a mixture of Egyptian and Roman units) will 
    launch an assault on the fortress soon after the start of the mission. Since 
    the fortress needs to be defended throughout the mission, keeping the gates up 
    is essential. Once one of the gates is destroyed the enemy will rush large 
    numbers of troops at your forces, which is likely to overwhelm the defenders. 
    If either barracks in the fortress is destroyed, the mission will be failed. 
    There are three tactics that used together will ensure the gates survive and 
    your forces suffer minimal casualties: 
    - 1. Demote three units of Spearmen to Auxiliary Infantry. Have them ready at 
    the gates for repairs. Throughout the mission keep reassigning these to repair 
    the gates. 
    - 2. Position a unit of Balearic Slingers in a tower overlooking each gate, 
    with two units overlooking the central gate. Slingers are very effective 
    against siege engines, which represent the biggest threat to the gates and 
    walls. The heaviest attacks come in at the central gate. Place archers in 
    other towers. 
    - 3. Place a unit of melee troops hidden in each of the woods surrounding the 
    fortress. Use these only to kill enemy archers that creep in there from time 
    to time and otherwise attack troops in towers without being seen. 
    Various other 'standard' siege tactics can be used. From bond0bhave: "Promote 
    your Spearmen and move the Centurions to be by the archers, these [ultimately] 
    give them a nice 30% bonus on defense and a 10% on attack. Also get your 
    Physicians under the archers to heal them. ... Get the 2 groups of Equites and 
    use them to hit any archers or siege engines that look vulnerable." 
    The rebels have three villages (shown 4-6 on the map above). These are very 
    heavily defended. With the large army this mission allows for, it might be 
    possible to destroy the villages. However, there is little time available for 
    this - the whole mission is unlikely to last more than about 20 minutes. I 
    think a strong defense is the only viable tactic.
    5.22.3 Port and boats
    Once the rebel attacks die down, a messenger will approach and instruct you to 
    defend the port (7 on the map above). In addition, three groups of Egyptian 
    allies (8-10 on the map above) appear. These will join your army once your 
    troops come close. Mark OHearn writes: "Send your army out along the western 
    edge of the map, and place your units with your allies near the harbour when 
    the action on the fortress dies down a bit. This is very tactical in order to 
    immediately recruit them." It is still possible to rush your troops south 
    after the messenger arrives, collecting most of these allies on the way. 
    Equally, allies are not essential, just useful. 
    The fortress will still need to be defended, but rebel attacks will become 
    more sporadic and use fewer siege engines: A combination of slingers and 
    regular gate repairs should be effective. This allows your melee troops, some 
    archers and any new recruits to be gathered together to defend the port. 
    Approach the port using the path to the western side of the map, thus avoiding 
    rebel units coming to attack the fortress from their villages in the east. Oh; 
    and avoid the ambush in the grassland... 
    The port has two piers, either of which makes a reasonable defensive position. 
    In preparation for the final objective at least one unit of archers should be 
    placed at the end of each pier. Since the rebels tend to attack the southern-
    most pier first, that is where defenders should be positioned. 
    After a few minutes the objective will change to "burn the boats". Use your 
    archers to set fire to each of the four boats in the port. Each boat will take 
    a while to catch fire. Once it has caught fire, attack the next boat. Once all 
    four boats are on fire they will start to sink. Once they do victory will be 
    declared. If the boats are not burnt within about 10 minutes the rebels will 
    capture them and the mission will fail.
    5.23 Friends and Allies
    5.23.1 Overview
    Location: Near Pelusium, Desert of Sinai, Egypt. 
    Date: March 27, 47 BC. 
    - Capture or destroy all enemy villages. 
    - Your Syrian allies must survive. 
    - Your Judean allies must survive. 
    Unit Control Points: 376/500. 
    Troop Control Points: 18/75. 
    Starting units: 
    - At central Roman village: 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Centurion (level 0), 3x 
    Legionaries (30), Praetorians (16). 
    - At Eastern Roman village: Auxiliary Archers (30), Centurion (level 0), 
    Equites (12), Spearmen (30). 
    - At Egyptian village: Camel Archers (12) Camel Riders (12), Guardsmen (16), 
    Offical (level 0), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: 
    - Roman: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic 
    Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    - Egyptian: Archers, Camel Archers, Camel Riders, Guardsmen, Hawk Scout, 
    Nubian Archers, Parthian Cavalry, Priest, Slaves, Soldiers, War Chariots, Wolf 
    Available construction: Ballista, Battering Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, 
                                .-'   ~ '-.
                             .-'  .   _  ~ '-.
                          .-' .      |8| .  ~ '-.
                       .-' .             ~   . ~ '-.
                    .-' .    .        .      .  . ~ '-.
                 .-'          .      .     .    ~  . ~ '-.
              .-'    .          .  .    .          +  . ~_'-.
           .-'    .               .   .    _~    ~      |7|~ '-.
        .-'    .      .            .  . . |6|  ~           .  ~ '-.
     .-' _  .           .  _  .  .  .          .             .   ~ '-.
    '-. |9|  .            |5|       .    ~   ~    .            _    ~  .
       '-.     . .  .  . .          .      ~         .        |2|   .-'
          '-.     .          .     ~ ~               _       .   .-'
             '-.     .         .  . ~  _            |4| .  .  .-'
                '-.     .             |1|                  .-'
                   '-.     .     .     .            .   .-'
                      '-.     .         .         .  .-'
                         '-. ~   .  . ~ _      .  .-'
                            '-. ~      |3|  .  .-'
                               '-.          .-'
                                  '-.    .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    1 = Your central Roman village. Population 500. 
    2 = Your Eastern Roman village. Population 500. 
    3 = Your Egyptian village. Population 500. 
    4 = Allied Syrian village. Population 600. 
    5 = Allied Judean village. Population 600. 
    6 = Central enemy village. Population 350. 
    7 = Eastern enemy village. Population 350. 
    8 = Northern enemy village. Population 350. 
    9 = Western enemy village. Population 350.
    5.23.2 Strategy
    At the start of the mission, rush your Roman troops from the central village 
    (1 on the map above) forward to help the Judeans (around the village marked 5 
    on the map above). After that, the mission is similar to a regular skirmish 
    game: There is no one way to win, and different players will wish to adopt 
    very different strategies. The most important tip is this - keep producing new 
    units and don't be afraid to get troops killed in action against the enemy. 
    The allied side has a greater aggregate population than the rebels, so will 
    tend to win any simple war of attrition. This is the first mission with the 
    option to train every type of Egyptian unit. Basic Egyptian units can work 
    well when 'rushing' (overwhelming with troops) an enemy village. The casualty 
    rate is high, but the training time is short ;-) . 
    Adopting a primarily offensive style, I found that once the initial Judean 
    attack had been repelled and one enemy village had been destroyed (the central 
    one, shown 6 on the map above), the enemy ceased to threaten either of my 
    allies. They were attacked, but never overwhelmed by the enemy and so never 
    required any further support. The Judeans were then able to hold most 
    attackers from the north, while in a totally uncoordinated way my forces and 
    the Syrians destroyed villages on the eastern side of the map. It is equally 
    possible to fortify your villages and those of your allies, let the rebel 
    attacks 'bounce off' while building an army with which to wipe their villages. 
    There are many possible variations.
    5.24 Just One... More... Fight
    5.24.1 Overview
    Location: Near Munda, Hispania. 
    Date: March 17, 45 BC. 
    - Kill Titus Labienus. 
    Unit Control Points: 255/750. 
    Troop Control Points: 12/75. 
    Starting units: Auxiliary Infantry (30), 2x Auxiliary Archers (30), Catapult, 
    Centurion (level 4), Hawk Scout, 3x Legionaries (30), Physician, Praetorians 
    (16), Wolf Scout. 
    Available units: 
    - Roman: Archer Cavalry, Auxiliary Archers, Auxiliary Infantry, Balearic 
    Slingers, Equites, Gladiators, Hawk Scout, Legionaries, Physician, 
    Praetorians, Spearmen, Wolf Scout. 
    - Egyptian: Archers, Camel Archers, Camel Riders, Guardsmen, Hawk Scout, 
    Nubian Archers, Parthian Cavalry, Priest, Slaves, Soldiers, War Chariots, Wolf 
    - Barbarian: Berserkers, Bowmen, Druid, German Cavalry, Hawk Scout, Hunters, 
    Infantry, Mounted Bowmen, Noblemen, Pikemen, Warriors, Wolf Scout. 
    Available construction: Assault Ladder, Assault Tower, Ballista, Battering 
    Ram, Catapult, Defensive Tower, repair.
                             .-'  '-.
                          .-'      . '-.
                       .-' .      .   ~ '-.
                    .-' .         . ~      '-.
                 .-' .             .  .  7    '-.
              .-' _         *       .      .   ~ '-.
           .-'   |3|          *     .   ~ ~   .  ~ ~'-.
        .-'  .  .    * * *  *              ~ ~   ~     '-.
     .-'   .       *                          ~           '-.
    '-.               .                     ~    .  .  .  6+ '-.
       '-.          .                   ] [  . .              . '-.
          '-. . . .                    ~   +5                  .   '-.
             '-.                    ~   .     .                    . + .
                '-.       _       ~  ~          .                .  .-'
                   '-.   |2|    ~   . ~           .           .  .-'
                      '-.     ~   .                .       .  .-'
                         '-.~    .                  .   .  .-'
                            '-.   +4            .   1   .-'
                               '-.  .  .  .  .    .  .-'
                                  '-.          .  .-'
                                     '-.     . .-'
    | | = Village/barracks (may include various defenses).
    * * = Fortification/wall.
     +  = Tower (free-standing from village).
    . . = Path (minor pathways not shown).
    ~ ~ = River, sea or lake.
    ] [ = Bridge or location for bridge.
    1 = Start location. 
    2 = Osuna. Population 500. 
    3 = Labienus' Encampment. 
    4 = Iberian mercenaries' tent. 
    5 = Mauretanian mercenaries' tent. 
    6 = Provincial mercenaries' tent. 
    7 = Additional mercenaries.
    5.24.2 Mercenaries
    The first part of the mission should be spent gathering mercenaries. You will 
    need as many troops as possible before attempting to cross the river. For each 
    group of mercenaries destroy the relevant tent (4-6 on the map above). Once 
    the tent has been destroyed the relevant mercenary commander comes under your 
    control and all his troops become neutral. When you bring the commander near 
    to his troops, those troops join your army. 
    Three aspects need to be considered in gaining mercenaries: 
    - 1. You have no base, so cannot afford to take heavy casualties in the first 
    stage of the mission. You do however have scouts and no specific time 
    - 2. The more mercenaries fought while trying to reach or destroy the tent, 
    the fewer ultimately gained. 
    - 3. Mercenary commanders that are surrounded by the units of other still 
    hostile tribes will be attacked as soon as they join with you. If the 
    commander is killed, his former units cannot be gained. 
    There is no ideal order in which mercenaries should be collected. The order 
    may be changed to reflect player preference for certain types of unit. The 
    only caveat is that the Provincial (Roman) mercenaries should not be gained 
    first. If you do so, the Provincial commander will be overwhelmed by a mixture 
    of Nubian Archers and Hunters from other tribes, and is likely to die before 
    he can be reached. 
    The Iberian mercenaries' tent (4 on the map above) can be destroyed relatively 
    easily by taking the ridge immediately to the east of the tent. Three or four 
    units will need to be destroyed. Let archers set the tent on fire from range. 
    Centurion writes: "A few green spearmen will move slowly towards you but won't 
    reach you in time to stop the camp being destroyed." Eos suggests setting your 
    troops to 'defensive' mode so that they are less likely to fire at soon-to-be-
    converted mercenaries. Quickly grab the mercenary Chieftain and surrounding 
    units (including the archers in the tower) and move them south slightly to 
    avoid alerting nearby enemy troops. Also try and avoid accidentally firing on 
    Provincial troops stationed in the woods to the north of the ridge. The 
    Iberian troops primarily consist of Pikemen and Hunters. 
    The Provincial mercenaries' tent (6 on the map above) can be destroyed by a 
    direct frontal assault along the path from the north-west, or by positioning 
    archers on the opposite side of the ridge to the north-east of the start 
    location. Although a viable tactic, the first method ends up killing most of 
    the Provincial units along the route. Centurion writes: "There are enemy 
    Praetorians near the orange camp so after dealing with the Gladiators [in the 
    grassland to the north-east] run the Nubian Archers to the tall grass down 
    from the forest near the orange camp. Now have them fire poison arrows at the 
    Praetorians, then when the Praetorians are in the tall grass set fire to the 
    grass in front of their path." The second method (positioning archers on the 
    opposite side of the ridge) requires several tough enemy units to be engaged 
    first. From bond0bhave: "There are some Gladiators in most of the long grasses 
    - use archers to set them on fire first. Then use Nubians to attack 
    Praetorians and run away." Without Nubian Archers, enemy Praetorians are 
    slightly harder to deal with. Use woodland as cover from the Provincial 
    slingers on the ridge above. Once the Provincial commander joins your army, 
    act quickly to counter any remaining hostile mercenaries on the ridge, and 
    avoid getting into a fight with a large group of enemy waiting on the southern 
    side of the ridge. 
    The most effective way of destroying the Mauretanian mercenaries' tent (5 on 
    the map above) is to use archers at range. First take the small wooded area on 
    the top of the hill just north-west of the start location. It contains some 
    Nubian Archers. Try to avoid dragging any Provincial units into the battle - 
    this is easier said than done unless the Provincials are already neutral. Once 
    the Mauretanian Official joins your army there is a chance his tower based 
    archers will fire at nearby Provincial units if those Provincials are still 
    5.24.3 River, Osuna and fortress
    Just to the north of the bridge is a large enemy army. To the west of them 
    lies the village of Osuna (2 on the map above). There are a number of 
    mercenaries on the island in the north-east (7 on the map above). 
    By carefully guiding your commanders along the northern bank of the river it 
    is possible to gain the extra mercenaries on the north-east island. Send a few 
    other troops along too, because there is a unit of enemy Praetorians lurking 
    in the woodland in the centre of the island. Return to the bridge carefully, 
    evading the enemy to the north. Rather than gaining these units immediately, 
    Centurion suggests waiting until after the village has been captured: "Build 
    troops until your unit limit is 'maxed' out, THEN go and collect the troops." 
    The aim is to gain a bigger army than would otherwise be possible. 
    If your forces approach Osuna the village and its militia will join your army. 
    However, this also causes all the enemy forces just north of the river to 
    immediately attack, so is not an advisable strategy. From bond0bhave: "I took 
    all my troops and went to the bridge, built some towers, placed the archers, 
    Hunters, slingers and Nubians in them. All the rest of the archers were on the 
    other side of the river and all the melee units on the bridge. I then used 
    some archers to lure the massive enemy force into range of my units, and 
    destroyed them all." If towers are built on the southern side of the bridge 
    Pikemen can be used effectively on the bridge to kill cavalry. However, fewer 
    enemies can be lured across the bridge. Building towers on the northern side 
    of the bridge allows more enemy to be lured, but may be slightly more messy. 
    Of course, since towers just take time to build and do not cost anything, you 
    can build as many as you wish, slowly working your way north. 
    With the majority of the enemy army to the north destroyed, taking and holding 
    Osuna should be straightforward. This is the only mission where it is possible 
    to produce absolutely every unit type from all three civilizations, simply by 
    rotating which officer recruits at Osuna. Unfortunately there is unlikely to 
    be any need to recruit extensively from the village. At this stage there is no 
    need to defend the village since Labienus appears only to produce new troops 
    once his fortress is being attacked, and never uses them to patrol outside the 
    The final assault on the fortress is relatively simple, and little different 
    from earlier fortress-attack missions. LordJohnDrinksalot writes: "I used my 
    slingers to take out the enemy catapults/ballista on the hills before I went 
    on the attack." There are many methods of taking the fortress, including the 
    use of Assault Towers or Battering Rams. Once inside the fortress, kill Titus 
    Labienus to complete the mission and the campaign. Congratulations. Enjoy your 
    statue :-) .
    In the first instance, direct technical support queries to Eidos - see the 
    game's readme.htm file, http://support.eidosinteractive.com/ or 
    http://www.eidosinteractive.co.uk/support/ .
    6.1 Are there any cheats or trainers? Can I skip a level?
    There are no cheat codes. There are a few trainers available from the 
    internet, for example iMSDOX produced one to give Honor Points, maximise unit 
    and troop control points, and increase town population. The file can be found 
    here, http://www.gamewinners.com/DOSWIN/blpraetorians.htm . 
    The same site also includes a saved profile with all campaign levels unlocked. 
    This can be achieved manually. From jaycw2309: "Go to your profile directory 
    in the /My Documents/Praetorians folder [see Where are game save files stored? 
    below]. Open up the .USR file [in a text editor such as notepad] (make a copy 
    of it if you are worried). In there you'll see a section under 
    'Flags_misiones'. This is where it lists which missions you've done, and on 
    what difficulty. The top 4 are the tutorials, so only have 1 difficulty, all 
    you need to do is change the 0 to a 1." For example:
    *FILE_FASE "Misiones\ZZZ_Rio Arar.mis"
    *VARIANTE 1 0
    *VARIANTE 2 0
    *VARIANTE 3 0
    Edit to:
    *FILE_FASE "Misiones\ZZZ_Rio Arar.mis"
    *VARIANTE 1 1
    *VARIANTE 2 1
    *VARIANTE 3 1
    6.2 Where are game save files stored?
    In .../My Documents/Praetorians. On Windows 9x this folder normally resides 
    directly on the main hard drive. On Windows 2000/XP it can be found within the 
    user directory, for example "Drive:/Documents and Settings/[Username]/". 
    Profiles and save games are stored in separate sub-directories. Copy the 
    contents of both sub-directories when creating a backup.
    6.3 Can the resolution be changed?
    Yes, but not higher than 1024 x 768. Resolutions can be set under Options--
    Video Options.
    6.4 How can I take screenshots?
    Print Screen works for most people - simply paste the contents of the 
    clipboard into an application such as Paint. Random suggests using Fraps ( 
    http://www.fraps.com/ ) which allows a key to be bound in order to capture a 
    6.5 Are there any custom or multiplayer siege maps?
    Officially no. However, campaign siege maps have been hacked to create 
    multiplayer/skirmish versions, thereby allowing multiplayer sieges. At the 
    time of writing these are in the early stage of development and replace 
    existing skirmish maps - read the accompanying documentation carefully. Jason 
    Novak's original siege map based on Tutorial III can be found at 
    http://www.merlinsoftware.com/praetorians/fortress_siege.zip . Pauldls's map 
    collection can be found here, http://home.earthlink.net/~axel44/wl/maps.html . 
    Others can be found here, http://usuarios.lycos.es/ipklan/ , 
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/toxa/map.html and 
    http://www.geocities.com/klanpharaoh/dwnloads.html .
    6.6 Can I play as Greeks?
    Yes. Download and install aWaKeNiNG's Imperial Mod from 
    http://www.clan-gd.com/modules.php?name=Downloads . The modification adds 
    Greek units to existing multiplayer and skirmish maps. The campaign remains 
    6.7 Is there a map editor?
    Officially no. Pyro wrote one for internal use, but at the time of writing 
    this has not been released. However, Jare (Praetorians developer) has made 
    available enough information on the file structure to allow some simple map 
    editors to be developed. Such an editor and documentation can be found here, 
    http://clanpharaoh.com/paulus/ .
    6.8 Are there any guides to modifying the game?
    Yes. Tom Sikking has a comprehensive guide here, 
    http://home.quicknet.nl/qn/prive/jsikking/Praetorians/Guides/v1.0.doc (also 
    see http://www.freewebs.com/pyrostudios/guides.htm ), and a guide to changing 
    the amount of units - 
    http://home.quicknet.nl/qn/prive/jsikking/Praetorians/Guides/Units.doc . Jason 
    Novak described the basics of modifying maps, along with an explanation of 
    file types and terminology. It can be found here, 
    http://www.merlinsoftware.com/praetorians/tutorial/ . Various modding tools 
    can be downloaded here, http://clanpharaoh.com/paulus/ , including a 3D Studio 
    Max plugin for importing PBA files and a PTX converter.
    6.9 Can I open .pak files?
    Pak files are the format the game uses to store resources. Jare writes: 
    "Praetorians pak files are actually ZIP files; however, some of them are 
    encrypted by XORing each byte with the value 171 (0xAB). Either type will be 
    recognized automatically, in fact, you can see that the patch datafiles (and 
    some of the original pak files) are not encrypted. The only important thing is 
    that sound files are in their own pakfiles, NOT encrypted and NOT compressed." 
    Jason Novak's utility decrypts encrypted pak files. It is available here, 
    http://www.pctechzone.com/praetorians/pak.zip .
    6.10 Can I extract music from the game?
    Yes. Shamaani writies: "Extract the music.pak file into a new folder [see Can 
    I open .pak files? above], you will get .OGG files. Use Winamp to read the 
    .OGG files or convert the files with an OGG2MP3 program."
    6.11 I can't connect to an online game. Any suggestions?
    Ensure you are using the latest patch - all players must be running the same 
    version. Zeta writes: "You need to configure your router so that it redirects 
    DirectPlay ports to your computer. Try with ports 2300-2400 and 47624." The 
    same ports (2300 and 2400 and 47624) apply to firewalls. For help with 
    firewalls in Windows XP, see Microsoft Knowledge Base Article - 283673 "Enable 
    or Disable Internet Connection Firewall in Windows XP" - 
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;283673 . Pauldls 
    writes: "GameSpy says: Arcade needs the following TCP ports open in order to 
    function: 6667 (IRC), 3783 (Voice Chat Port), 27900 (Master Server UDP 
    Heartbeat), 28900 (Master Server List Request), 29900 (GP Connection Manager), 
    29901 (GP Search Manager), 13139 (Custom UDP Pings), 6515 (Dplay UDP), 6500 
    (Query Port)."
    6.12 I have video/display problems. Any suggestions?
    The three most common solutions are: (1) upgrading drivers (often said, but it 
    does solve many problems), (2) updating DirectX (to at least 8.1), (3) 
    uninstalling any demo version(s) and then reinstalling the game (the two 
    versions overlap slightly with negative results).
    A. Unit Abilities
    The first appendix is based on the A2 foldout table that accompanies the game, 
    augmented by observations and data found at http://www.geocities.com/vent40k/ 
    . Data has been reproduced here for ease of comparison between similar types 
    of unit. Tribe (civilization) is shown R = Roman, B = Barbarian, E = Egyptian, 
    and All. Health, stamina, speed, attack, defense, range attack, and range have 
    been assigned numbers based on: 
    * 1 = Very low 
    * 2 = Low 
    * 3 = Medium 
    * 4 = High (long) 
    * 5 = Very high (very long) 
    Do not interpret these numbers as meaning anything other than the higher the 
    number the better. For example, a "4" is not necessarily twice as 'good' as a 
    "2", but "4" is better than "3". The number of people is the maximum number of 
    troops per unit, or in the case of siege engines, the number required to 
    operate the machine.
    Unit              |-be|lth|ina|eed|ack|nse|Atk|-ge|ple|Special
    INFANTRY          |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Auxiliary Infantry| R | 1 | 3 | 3 | 1 | 1 |   |   |30 |Throw Pilum, Construct
    Infantry          | B | 2 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 1 |   |   |16 |Throwing Axes, Const.
    Slaves            | E | 1 | 3 | 3 | 1 | 1 |   |   |16 |Building Effect, Const
    ARCHERS           |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Auxiliary Archers | R | 1 | 3 | 3 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 3 |30 |Stationary
    Bowmen            | B | 2 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 2 | 4 | 3 |16 |Stationary
    Archers           | E | 1 | 3 | 3 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 3 |16 |Stationary, Pray
    SPEARMEN          |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Spearmen          | R | 2 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 2 |   |   |30 |Stationary, Protecting
    Pikemen           | B | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 2 |   |   |16 |Stationary
    Guards            | E | 2 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 2 |   |   |16 |Stationary, Pray
    HEAVY INFANTRY    |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Legionaries       | R | 3 | 2 | 2 | 3 | 4 |   |   |30 |Turtle, Throw Pilum
    Warriors          | B | 4 | 3 | 3 | 4 | 3 |   |   |16 |Throwing Stones
    Soldiers          | E | 3 | 2 | 2 | 3 | 4 |   |   |16 |Pray
    CAVALRY           |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Equites           | R | 4 | 4 | 4 | 4 | 3 |   |   |12 |
    Nobles            | B | 4 | 4 | 4 | 4 | 3 |   |   |12 |
    Camel Riders      | E | 4 | 4 | 4 | 4 | 3 |   |   |12 |
    ARCHER CAVALRY    |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Archer Cavalry    | R | 3 | 4 | 4 | 2 | 2 | 3 | 3 |16 |
    Mounted Bowmen    | B | 3 | 4 | 4 | 2 | 2 | 3 | 3 |16 |
    Camel Archers     | E | 3 | 4 | 4 | 2 | 2 | 3 | 3 |16 |
    SPECIAL INFANTRY  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Gladiators        | R | 3 | 3 | 3 | 5 | 3 |   |   |16 |Dragnet
    Praetorians       | R | 4 | 3 | 2 | 4 | 5 |   |   |16 |
    Berserkers        | B | 5 | 3 | 3 | 4 | 2 |   |   |12 |
    SPECIAL RANGED UNITS  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Balearic Slingers | R | 3 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 4 | 4 | 3 |16 |
    Hunters           | B | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 3 | 4 | 3 |16 |Ambush, Frenzy
    Nubian Archers    | E | 3 | 3 | 3 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 4 |16 |Poison
    SPECIAL CAVALRY   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    German Cavalry    | B | 4 | 4 | 4 | 5 | 4 |   |   |12 |Impale Charge
    Parthian Cavalry  | E | 3 | 4 | 4 | 2 | 4 | 4 | 3 |16 |Moving Shot
    War Chariots      | E | 5 | 4 | 4 | 4 | 4 |   |   | 8 |
    COMMANDERS (additional bonuses below) |   |   |   |   |
    Centurion         | R |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Extra Energy Regen.
    Chieftain         | B |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Steal Energy Effect
    Official          | E |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Mirage Effect
    HEALERS           |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Physician         | R |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Cure Disease, Heal
    Druid             | B |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Blind Troop, Heal
    Priest            | E |   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Mana Aura, Heal
    SCOUTS            |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Hawk Scout        |All|   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Send Hawk
    Wolf Scout        |All|   |   |   |   |   |   |   | 1 |Send Wolf
    SEIGE ENGINES     |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
    Assault Ladder    |All| 1 |   | 3 |   | 1 |   |   | 6 |
    Assault Tower     |All| 5 |   | 1 |   | 5 |   |   | 8 |
    Ballista          |All| 3 | 4 | 1 |   | 1 | 5 | 4 | 8 |
    Battering Ram     |All| 5 |   | 2 | 5 | 5 |   |   | 7 |
    Catapult          |All| 3 | 4 | 1 |   | 1 | 4 | 5 | 7 |Barrage, Flaming Stone
    Unit              |Tri|Hea|Stm|Sp-|Att|Def|Rng|Ran|Cr-|Special
                      |-be|lth|ina|eed|ack|nse|Atk|-ge|ew |
    Commanders gain bonuses based on rank. Bonuses are applied to troops within 
    their area of influence. These are shown below (again R = Roman, B = 
    Barbarian, E = Egyptian):
         |          | Offensive Bonus | Defensive Bonus
    Level|Experience|  R  |  B  |  E  |  R  |  B  |  E
      0  |      0   |  0% | 10% |  5% | 10% |  0% |  5%
      1  |    200   |  2% | 15% |  8% | 15% |  2% |  8%
      2  |    500   |  5% | 20% | 13% | 20% |  5% | 13%
      3  |   1500   |  7% | 25% | 17% | 25% |  7% | 17%
      4  |   4000   | 10% | 30% | 20% | 30% | 10% | 20%
    Special formations are as follows: 
    * Protecting: Protection from arrows. 
    * Stationary: Immobile. Archers gain increased range and damage. Spearmen gain 
    increased damage to enemy, particularly cavalry. 
    * Turtle: Improved defense, particularly from arrows, but with penalties to 
    speed and attack.
    Special abilities are as follows: 
    * Ambush: Hide in woodland and later assault passing enemy unit. 
    * Barrage: Attack with multiple small missiles, suited to groups of enemy. 
    * Blind Troop: Blind enemy temporarily. 
    * Building Effect: Work faster, but at cost of health. 
    * Construct: Build or repair siege engines and fortifications. 
    * Cure Disease: Cures poison and blindness. 
    * Dragnet: Thrown net over enemy. 
    * Extra Energy Regeneration: Troops in area of influence regain stamina 
    * Flaming Stone: For use against flammable targets. 
    * Frenzy: Undocumented. Appears to give some sort of combat bonus but can only 
    be used after running. 
    * Heal: Regenerate lost health. 
    * Impale Charge: Lanced based charge. 
    * Mana Aura: As Extra Energy Regeneration, troops in area of influence regain 
    stamina quicker. 
    * Mirage Effects: Creates illusion of nearby unit, lasting until melee combat 
    * Moving Shot: Fire bows whilst riding. 
    * Poison: Dart which ignores armor and causes damage over time. 
    * Pray: Regain stamina quicker. 
    * Send Hawk: Aerial scouting. 
    * Send wolf: Ground/woodland scouting. 
    * Steal Energy Effect: Drain energy from enemy. 
    * Throw Pilum: Thrown javelin at range, normally used before engaging in 
    * Throwing Axes: Thrown axes at range, normally used before engaging in melee. 
    * Throwing Stones: Thrown stones at range that immobilise enemy temporarily. 
    All archers will fire flaming arrows at flammable targets by default.
    The next table compares total hit points (health):
    Unit Type         |  Roman  |Barbarian| Egyptian
    REGULAR           |         |         |
    Infantry          |   1000  |   1500  |   1000
    Archers           |   1000  |   1500  |   1000
    Spearmen          |   1500  |   2250  |   1500
    Heavy Infantry    |   2000  |   2900  |   2000
    Cavalry           |   3000  |   3000  |   3000
    Archer Cavalry    |   2000  |   2000  |   2000
    SPECIAL           |         |         |
    Gladiators        |   2000  |         |
    Praetorians       |   3000  |         |
    Berserkers        |         |   3500  |
    Balearic Slingers |   2000  |         |
    Hunters           |         |   2500  |
    Nubian Archers    |         |         |   2000
    German Cavalry    |         |   3000  |
    Parthian Cavalry  |         |         |   2500
    War Chariots      |         |         |   4000
    OTHER             |         |         |
    Commanders        |   1000  |   1000  |   1000
    Healers           |   1000  |   1000  |   1000
    Scouts            |    100  |    100  |    100
    Assault Ladder    |   2000  |   2000  |   2000
    Assault Tower     |   5000  |   5000  |   5000
    Ballista          |   4000  |   4000  |   4000
    Battering Ram     |   8000  |   8000  |   8000
    Catapult          |   4000  |   4000  |   4000
    B. Unit Training
    The following table shows the requirements to train different units. It is 
    based on observations and data found at http://www.geocities.com/vent40k/ . 
    Tribe (civilization) is shown R = Roman, B = Barbarian, E = Egyptian, and All:
    Unit              |Tribe|Time/sec|Population|Honour Points
    INFANTRY          |     |        |          |
    Auxiliary Infantry|  R  |   30   |    30    |
    Infantry          |  B  |   32   |    32    |
    Slaves            |  E  |   16   |    16    |
    ARCHERS           |     |        |          |
    Auxiliary Archers |  R  |   60   |    30    |
    Bowmen            |  B  |   60   |    32    |
    Archers           |  E  |   32   |    16    |
    SPEARMEN          |     |        |          |
    Spearmen          |  R  |   49   |    30    |
    Pikemen           |  B  |   50   |    32    |
    Guards            |  E  |   26   |    16    |
    HEAVY INFANTRY    |     |        |          |
    Legionaries       |  R  |   75   |    30    |
    Warriors          |  B  |   74   |    32    |
    Soldiers          |  E  |   40   |    16    |
    CAVALRY           |     |        |          |
    Equites           |  R  |   69   |    24    |    1
    Nobles            |  B  |   69   |    24    |    1
    Camel Riders      |  E  |   69   |    24    |    1
    ARCHER CAVALRY    |     |        |          |
    Archer Cavalry    |  R  |   60   |    32    |    1
    Mounted Bowmen    |  B  |   60   |    32    |    1
    Camel Archers     |  E  |   60   |    32    |    1
    SPECIAL INFANTRY  |     |        |          |
    Gladiators        |  R  |   90   |    48    |    2
    Praetorians       |  R  |   90   |    48    |    2
    Berserkers        |  B  |   90   |    48    |    2
    SPECIAL RANGED UNITS    |        |          |
    Balearic Slingers |  R  |   90   |    48    |    2
    Hunters           |  B  |   90   |    48    |    2
    Nubian Archers    |  E  |   90   |    48    |    2
    SPECIAL CAVALRY   |     |        |          |
    German Cavalry    |  B  |   90   |    48    |    2
    Parthian Cavalry  |  E  |   90   |    48    |    2
    War Chariots      |  E  |   90   |    48    |    2
    HEALERS           |     |        |          |
    Physician         |  R  |    5   |     5    |
    Druid             |  B  |    5   |     5    |
    Priest            |  E  |    5   |     5    |
    SCOUTS            |     |        |          |
    Hawk Scout        | All |    5   |     5    |
    Wolf Scout        | All |    5   |     5    |
    Unit              |Tribe|Time/sec|Population|Honour Points
    C. Terrain
    This appendix lists the type of terrain different units can access. The same 
    terrain limitations apply regardless of climate. All unit can use flat terrain 
    or pathways to elevated terrain. No units can walk up the side of ridges 
    without such pathways - only scouts' hawks can fly over them. "Yes" means the 
    unit can enter the terrain, "hide" means it can both enter and actively hide 
    in the terrain, and "no" means the unit cannot enter the terrain. All units 
    that can enter woodland become somewhat hard to spot, but only Hunters can 
    completely disappear in woodland. All units can enter grassland, but only some 
    can attempt to hide in it.
                      |  Shallow  |           |
    Unit Type         |   Water   | Grassland | Woodland
    REGULAR           |           |           |
    Infantry          |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Archers           |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Spearmen          |    Yes    |    Hide   |    No
    Heavy Infantry    |    No     |    Hide   |    Yes
    Cavalry           |    Yes    |    Yes    |    No
    Archer Cavalry    |    Yes    |    Yes    |    No
    SPECIAL           |           |           |
    Gladiators        |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Praetorians       |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Berserkers        |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Balearic Slingers |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Hunters           |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Hide
    Nubian Archers    |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    German Cavalry    |    Yes    |    Yes    |    Yes
    Parthian Cavalry  |    Yes    |    Yes    |    No
    War Chariots      |    Yes    |    Yes    |    No
    OTHER             |           |           |
    Commanders        |    Yes    |    Yes    |    Yes
    Healers           |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Scouts            |    Yes    |    Hide   |    Yes
    Siege Engines     |    No**   |    Yes    |    No
    ** = Game documentation states Assault Ladders can cross shallow water, but 
    they cannot. It also mentions that Assault Towers cannot go up or down slopes, 
    which they can.