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Stone, also known as Smooth Stone or Natural Stone is a type of block. It uses the same texture on all six sides of the block. Stone appears abundantly on naturally generated maps, and (besides Air) has the most blocks in a normal map.
Stone is available for use in Creative mode. The Stone layer of a Creative map contains Caverns, Ore and underground pools of Water and Lava.
When there were not many block types, Stone was an often-used building material. Currently, Stone is an all-around block used in buildings, basements, tunnels, roads, paths and many other things.
In Survival mode, Stone is a useful resource. Stone can only be successfully mined with a Pickaxe and will drop Cobblestone, which is used in many crafting recipes and as a sturdy building material. As of Beta 1.9pre4 Stone can also be successfully mined with a pickaxe enchanted with Silk Touch I and will then drop one stone block. If it is not mined with a pickaxe, then it will not drop anything. Cobblestone can be smelted into Smooth Stone again. Stone can be used as a building material as well and can be used in several crafting recipes.
As of Beta 1.9pre1, Stone can be made by having lava flow on top of water. In previous versions the lava would replace the water and continue falling. Later, Beta 1.9pre5 changed the texture of Stone.
Unless counting air, stone is the most common block found in a generated map.