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    FAQ/Strategy Guide by KChang

    Updated: 01/16/03 | Printable Version | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

                                  
                         Warlords: Battlecry
                                  
                  Unofficial Strategy Guide and FAQ
                                  
                           by Kasey Chang
                                  
                      released January 16, 2003
    
    
    0    Introduction
       
    This section is for "what the FAQ is about" and things like
    that. Feel free to skip this section.
    
    If you like the FAQ, please send me a dollar. :-)  See [0.3]
    
    This FAQ is primarily about the single player game, though
    it has some references to the multiplayer game. However, I
    don't much on the multiplayer aspect as there is a MUCH more
    comprehensive guide to it, "Tomes of Knowledge", that covers
    the stuff much better than I can.
    
    
    0.1   A WORD FROM THE AUTHOR
    
    I don't see a FAQ for Warlords: Battlecry, so here's my
    version. There is a mutliplayer guide (Tome of Knowledge),
    and a Gamespot (tm) guide, but no FAQ.
    
    This is a FAQ, NOT a manual. You probably will not be able
    to learn how to play the game with this document.
    
    This USG only covers the PC version since that's the only
    version that I have (and existed).
    
    Some of you may recognize my name as the editor for the XCOM
    and XCOM2: TFTD FAQ's, among others.
    
    
    0.2   TERMS OF DISTRIBUTION
    
    This document is copyrighted by Kuo-Sheng "Kasey" Chang (c)
    2003, all rights reserved excepted as noted above in the
    disclaimer section.
    
    This document is available FREE of charge subjected to the
    following conditions:
    
    1)This notice and author's name must accompany all copies
      of this document: "Warlords: Battlecry Unofficial
      Strategy Guide and FAQ" is copyrighted (c) 2003 by Kasey
      K.S. Chang, all rights reserved except as noted in the
      disclaimer."
      
    2)This document must NOT be modified in any form or manner
      without prior permission of the author with the following
      exception: if you wish to convert this document to a
      different file format or archive format, with no change
      to the content, then no permission is needed.
      
      2a) In case you can't read, that means TXT only. No
      banners, no HTML borders, no cutting up into multiple
      pages to get you more banner hits, and esp. no adding
      your site name to the site list. [Small exception: a
      "small" toolbar with no banners embedded is okay. See IGN
      or Neoseeker for examples.]
    3)No charge other than "reasonable" compensation should
      charged for its distribution. Free is preferred, of
      course. Sale of this information is expressly prohibited.
      If you see any one selling this guide, contact me (see
      below).
      
    4)If you used material from this, PLEASE ACKNOWLEDGE the
      source, else it is plagiarism.
      
    5)The author hereby grants all games-related websites the
      right to archive and link to this document to share among
      the game fandom, provided that all above restrictions are
      followed.
      
      Sidenote: The above conditions are known as a statutory
      contract. If you meet them, then you are entitled to the
      rights I give you in 5), i.e. archive and display this
      document on your website. If you don't follow them, then
      you did not meet the statutory contract conditions, and
      therefore you have no right to display this document. If
      you do so, then you are infringing upon my copyright.
      This section was added for any websites that don't seem
      to understand this.
      For the gamers: You are under NO obligation to send me
      ANY compensation.  However, I do ask for a VOLUNTARY
      contribution of one (1) US Dollar if you live in the
      United States, and if you believe this guide helped your
      game. If you choose to do so, please make your US$1.00
      check or $1.00 worth of US stamps to "Kuo-Sheng Chang",
      and send it to "2220 Turk Blvd. #6, San Francisco, CA
      94118 USA".
      If you don't live in the US, please send me some local
      stamps. I collect stamps too.
    
    0.3   VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTION
    
    Gamers who read this guide are under NO obligation to send
    me ANY compensation.
    
    However, a VOLUNTARY contribution of one (1) US Dollar would
    be very appreciated.
    
    If you choose to do so, please make your US$1.00 check or
    $1.00 worth of stamps to "Kuo-Sheng Chang", and send it to
    "2220 Turk Blvd. #6, San Francisco, CA 94118 USA".
    
    If you don't live in the US, please send me some local
    stamps. I collect stamps too.
    
    For the record, out of ALL the FAQs I wrote (33 at least
    count) over the past six years, I've received exactly 7
    dollars and 2 sets of stamps, as of release of this guide.
    So I'm NOT making any money off these guides, folks.
    
    
    0.4   HOW AND WHEN TO CONTACT ME
    
    PLEASE let me know if there's a confusing or missing remark,
    mistakes, and thereof... If you find a question about this
    game that is not covered in the USG, e-mail it to me at the
    address specified below.  I'll try to answer it and include
    it in the next update.
    
    Please do NOT write me for technical support. That is the
    job of the publisher.
    
    Please do NOT ask me to send you a list of controls, the
    manual, etc. If you borrowed the game without borrowing the
    manual, blame your own stupidity. If you bought the game
    without a manual, blame your own stupidity. If you copied
    the game without copying the manual, you're not only scum,
    but STUPID scum.
    
    Please do NOT ask me to answer questions that have already
    answered in this FAQ/guide. It makes you REALLY idiotic.
    
    I will NOT answer stupid questions like the ones above
    unless I'm in a really good mood. If you send questions like
    that, do NOT expect a reply.
    
    The address below is spelled out phonetically so spammers
    can't use spambots on it:
    
    Kilo-Sierra-Charlie-Hotel-Alpha-November-Golf-Seven-Seven AT
    Yankee-Alpha-Hotel-Oscar-Oscar DOT Charlie-Oscar-Mike
    
    To decipher this, simply read the first letter off each word
    except for the numbers and the punctuation. This is
    "military phonetics" or "aeronautical phonetics" in case
    you're wondering.
    
    This document was produced on Microsoft Word 97. Some
    editing was done with Editpad (editpadclassic.com).
    
    
    0.5    THE AUTHOR
    
    I am just a game player who decided to write my own FAQs
    when the ones I find don't cover what I want to see.  Lots
    of people like what I did, so I kept doing it.
    
    Previously, I've written Unofficial Strategy Guides (USGs)
    for XCOM, XCOM2:TFTD, Wing Commander, Wing Commander 2, Wing
    Commander 3, Wing Commander 4, Privateer, Spycraft, 688(I)
    Hunter/Killer. Mechwarrior 3, MW3 Expansion Pack,
    Mechwarrior 4, Mechwarrior 4: Black Knight, Need for Speed:
    Porsche Unleashed, The Sting!, Terranova, Fallout Tactics,
    Starfleet Command Volume II, DS9: The Fallen, DS9: Dominion
    War, Driver, and a few more.
    
    To contact me, see 0.4 above.
    
    
    0.6   DISCLAIMER / COPYRIGHT INFORMATION
    
    Warlords: Battlecry was published by SSI (Strategic
    Simulations Inc.), part of Mindscape and "The Learning
    Company".  It was created by SSG (Strategic Studies Group)
    of Australia.
    
    This USG is not endorsed or authorized by ANY of the
    companies mentioned above. There is an official strategy
    guide published by PrimaGames (primagames.com)
    
    The information compiled in this USG has been gathered
    independently through the author's efforts except where
    noted otherwise. Some analysis and information are excerpts
    taken from "WBC Community Tome of Knowledge".
    
    This document is based on the V1.04b patch, and thus
    information listed here may NOT apply fully to earlier
    versions.
    
    The campaign walkthru was written with the game difficulty
    setting at "easy". It can be assumed that enemy will attack
    earlier with more force and build up faster if you play at
    "medium" or "hard" difficulty levels.
    
    
    0.7   HISTORY
    
    16-JAN-2003         Initial release
    
    
    
    1    Warlords: Battlecry General Info
       
    
    1.1   THE MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
    
    Q: Can you send me the game (or portions thereof)?
    A: No.
    
    Q: Can you send me the manual (or portions thereof)?
    A: No.
    
    Q: Can you tell me how to play the game?
    A: Read the manual.
    
    Q: Can you help me get the game working?
    A: That's the publisher's job, isn't it?
    
    Q: How about a patch?
    A: There is one official patch: V1.01. There are three
    unofficial patches: V1.02, V1.03, and V1.04b. There is an
    "all-in-one" patch that will patch the original V1.00
    release all the way up to V1.04b. While also released by
    SSG, the unofficial patches are considered "beta" and are
    NOT supported. You can download those from the SSG website
    below. There is also a main EXE patch which allows custom
    scenarios to have introduction speech as well.
    
    Q: How about Expansion Packs? More missions? User-created
    missions and campaigns?
    A: You can download extra missions from SSG's webiste at
    http://www.ssg.com/au/download.htm. There is no expansion
    pack.
    
    Q: How about a sequel?
    A: Warlords: Battlecry 2 is already out.
    
    Q: Is WBC compatible with Win2K and/or WinXP?
    A: Unknown. It may depend on the number of hotfixes and such
    applied. Some people have luck, others don't.
    
    Q: Can I play any race other than human in the campaign?
    A: Unfortunately, no. There are some hacks that allow you to
    put in a non-human hero. However, you WILL command more than
    just humans in the campaign.
    
    Q: What network modes does WBC support?
    A: IPX, TCP/IP (MPlayer, Gamespy, Direct IP), and Modem.
    
    Q: Why is the game telling me "You have too many men"?
    A: You have reached your army limit. Look on upper left hand
    corner of the screen. That shows your army limit and
    capacity used. If you have reached your limit, the building
    still stop at 99% and the queue gets "stuck".
    
    
    1.2   WARLORDS SERIES HISTORY
    
    Warlords franchise is one of the oldest names in fantasy
    strategy gaming, even older than the original Warcraft from
    Blizzard. It defined turn-based fantasy strategy as a
    computer game genre overall. There has been 3 Warlords
    titles, with the fourth due sometime in 2003.
    
    Warlords: Battlecry took the mechanics of the game, balanced
    it for real-time gameplay, added many innovations, and
    produced a modern classic.
    
    
    1.3   WBC HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
    
    Excerpt from the README file:
    
    Minimum Specification
      
    Pentium 233 or equivalent
      
    64MB of RAM
      
    Windows 95/98 (Windows NT and Windows 2000 are not
      officially supported)
      
    Direct X 7
      
    For 56K modem games, we require at least 33.6K connection to
    an ISP to access the Internet.  Warlords Battlecry games
    which have one or more players who have less than this
    connection speed may expEyrience extreme lags,
    synchronization problems and/or game dropouts.
    CD Requirements
    You must have the CD in your drive to play either single
    player or to host a multiplayer game.  You must also have
    the CD in the drive if you are hosting OR joining a game
    from a lobby (such as MPlayer)
    
    Without the CD in the drive all you will able to do is to
    join multiplayer games.
    
    NOTE: Some of the unsupported "beta" patches removes the CD
    requirement.
    
    NOTE: The game is rather small. Even with the movies, it
    takes up
    
    
    1.4   HOW DOES THE GAME PLAY?
    
    WBC is basically a fantasy real-time strategy game, albeit
    with heroes. As your "personal avatar", he or she has
    special abilities that can affect the course of battle, and
    you can develop him/her in RPG fashion by modifying their
    attributes, giving him/her new skills, and such...
    
    Think of this game as the prequel to Warcraft 3 and you
    won't be too far off. Almost all features in Warcraft 3 can
    be found in some primitive form here, including heroes,
    learning experience over multiple battles, branching
    campaign, retinue (units that you can keep from one battle
    to another), decent story, lots of units, multiple sides,
    developing heroes where different branches offer different
    capabilities, and so on.
    
    
    1.5   BUGS AND FIXES
    
    Those using V1.04 may encounter a sound bug. There is a fix
    available at the SSG website.
    
    The patches rebalanced the units by adding or subtracting
    slightly the cost, the combat effectiveness, and so on. For
    a full list of changes, please see the README file.
    
    
    1.6   EXPANSION PACKS? SEQUELS? RELATED TITLES?
    
    There is no expansion pack for WBC.
    
    There is a sequel to WBC called Warlords: Battlecry 2.
    
    Related title would be the older Warlords sEyries, which is
    turn-based fantasy combat.
    
    Warlords IV is in design and may appear sometime in 2003.
    
    
    1.7   NOTES ON ORGANIZATION
    
    This guide is organized as similar to the actual manual as
    possible, mainly acting as a supplement.
    
    After all the areas of the manual have been covered, there
    will be a full analysis of each and every unit available,
    plus all the spells, and such.
    
    The finally, there will be the campaign walkthru, and
    miscellaneous stuff.
    
    
    
    2    Armies
       
    This section explains additional items about the armies, and
    adds tips as well. .
    
    
    2.1   PRODUCING ARMIES
    
    TIP: Army production (actually, ANY production, including
    "skills" which are really upgrades) can be queued beyond the
    5 shown onscreen. Actual limit is not known, though I've
    queued at least 15 before. Usually you should keep the queue
    to less than 10 items.
    
    NOTE: Only the first five items can be REMOVED from the
    queue.
    
    NOTE: To remove queued items, click on the item in the
    queue. Thus, only the first 5 items can be removed.
    
    TIP: It is better to remove items from the queue that is NOT
    being worked on (i.e. don't remove the first item). If you
    remove the first item, you lose any progress that's been
    done.
    
    TIP: All production buildings should have a rally point set,
    and changed as you see fit.
    
    TIP: Set rally points to somewhere the units can be out of
    the way and be useful. Just outside the camp "entrance" is
    good.
    
    TIP: You can set the rally point to be a building. If you
    set the rally point to be a defense tower, then the units
    will enter the tower.
    
    
    2.2   ARMY LIMIT
    
    TIP: You can SEE the army limit via that little indicator on
    the upper left, which shows used capacity versus total
    capacity. Most units count as 1 against the limit. Some
    units, like cavalry, count as 2, and so on. Dragons, giants,
    etc. count as 4.
    
    TIP: Convert enemy buildings when you can. While they can't
    produce things (unless you can build that structure), they
    do add toward your army limit, and you don't need to spend
    resources and time to build them.
    
    TIP: Orcs can build orc huts, which are cheap and adds to
    their army limits. Undead can build gravestones, which also
    adds to the army total.
    
    NOTE: You get a voice warning about "too many units" when
    you're about to exceed the limit. Your production of new
    units will stop, but the queue remains intact. The
    production stops at 99% and stays there until you free up
    enough unit limits.
    
    TIP: Watch the limit, and build new capacity before it's too
    late. Build additional level 1 keeps to increase the limit,
    or anything else that's cheap.
    
    NOTE: Sheep counts against army limit, so don't overbuild,
    esp. if playing minotaurs.
    
    
    2.3   ARMIES AND MEDALS
    
    TIP: Killing heroes and buildings gain more points than
    killing enemy units. See manual for details on what can be
    gained.
    
    TIP: Units with more experience are more effective in
    fighting, and should be preserved as much as possible. They
    gain more hit points and have more combat ratings.
    
    TIP: With higher "training" skill, not only do you get more
    XP for your hero, but the units being produced also start
    with more XP (instead of zero). This has the effect of
    making ALL your armies stronger.
    
    TIP: If you want a lot of XP's for a specific unit, attack
    enemy building until the building is ALMOST dead, pull the
    armies away, then send in one unit to deliver the coup-de-
    grace (final hit). That unit will get the kill credit and
    the XP.
    
    NOTE: Lower level units (less than level 5) must gain high
    experience (level 2 or 3, to be exact) by the end of the
    scenario to join your retinue. Other "generals" may appear
    randomly with no experience.
    
    
    2.4   GENERALS AND ALLIES
    
    NOTE: Your retinue may swell with generals from other races.
    For example, a human hero can get Moonguard, Reaver, Dryad,
    and more in addition to the 3 types of Mages that usually
    appear for humans.
    
    NOTE: Allies are basically special "Neutral" units, like
    Elementals, Archons, and Daemons. They can't convert or
    command, but they are REALLY fierce in battle. Archons and
    such have combat ratings in the mid-teens, and do like 30-50
    damage per hit. Preserve them and they can REALLY help you
    in battle.
    
    TIP: Keep those generals that can convert buildings (see
    manual). They can go out and convert those places instead of
    your hero taking the risk.
    
    TIP: Don't keep TOO many high value units, as you don't have
    enough "keep points" to take them into battle.
    
    
    2.5   RESEARCHING SKILLS
    
    TIP: Skills cost resources to research, and once researched,
    improve ALL your army units (including those in production
    or already produced). Usually, the researched skills are
    worth it if you got the resources to spare and don't need
    the building to crank out more units (at least not
    temporarily).
    
    NOTE: Sometimes you'll see me calling these "upgrades"
    instead of "skills". To clarify, these are the stuff you pay
    for at a building, like "Weaponsmith" at the Smithy.
    
    TIP: It is possible to build MORE THAN ONE of the buildings
    and have them conduct different researches at the same time,
    or have one produce units and the other do research. That
    depends on how much resources you have. In fact, you should
    make two (or more) buildings or more of the same time and
    use them together.
    
    TIP: Human's "Jack of All Trades" hero skill means all
    research skills gets 25% discount, which can be quite
    significant.
    
    TIP: Merchant skill also affects the amount of resources
    needed for research, as well as other stuff.
    
    
    
    3    Heroes
       
    
    3.1   STATISTICS AND SKILLS
    
    NOTE: AP = ability point. You win those after gaining a
    level after level 3, to improve your hero, such as
    statistic, skill, spells, or special abilities. How much you
    get depends on your level, training skill, and your level of
    victory in the battle.
    
    NOTE: A full list of how your hero's statistics and skills
    are on page 29 of the manual, and will not be repeated here.
    
    TIP: To view full stats of your hero, right-click the hero's
    portrait while on the hero selection screen or while in
    battle.
    
    NOTE: See how "Training" is affected by ST+IQ? So gains in
    ST or IQ will improve the amount of AP and XP you receive
    from each battle. Similar changes in other statistics will
    affect other skills.
    
    ANALYSIS: When you get AP, you can enhance Statistics for 5
    or 6 APs depending on the skill, or enhance Skills for 1 AP.
    But how many skills does each Statistic actually affect?
    Here's a little chart:
    
    Statistic Skills Affected by Increase
              
    Strength  Combat (2x), Health, Training, Conversion
              
    Intellige Command, Magery (2x), Resistance, Training
    nce       
    
    Dexterity Health, Speed (2x), Morale, Resistance
              
    Charisma  Command, Morale, Conversion, Merchant (2x)
              
    
    
    NOTE: You can use AP enhance the skills. However, it is not
    quite as cost effective after a while. While the first pt
    cost 1 AP, the second pt cost 2 AP, and so on.
    
    Depending on which profession and specialty you picked,
    different parts of your statistic are designated as primary,
    secondary, and tertiary. Primary stats can be increased for
    slightly less cost in AP than secondary and tertiary stats.
    For exact deals, please see "Tomes of Knowledge" appendix.
    
    TIP: Most people agree, it is best to increase "training",
    until rating 19 or 25, so you and your armies gets bonus.
    
    
    3.2   CASTING SKILL
    
    NOTE: the skill level you have in that magic sphere gives
    you the "chance" of success. This is called the "casting
    skill". For higher level spells, there's a "penalty" in
    casting.
    
    For example, if your casting skill is 10 in Alchemy, and a
    level 4 spell "Create Artifact" has a -8 penalty, your net
    rating is "2", which is pretty low. So your chance in
    succeeding in the cast is pretty darn low, like 15%.
    
    TIP: Picking one of the specialties can gain you some more
    casting skill points. For example, choosing "Ranger" gives
    you +5 in "Nature" magic sphere in addition to other gains.
    In other areas, choosing "Research" as special ability will
    give you +5 in Alchemy as well as give you the first level
    spell.
    
    NOTE: All spells must be purchased with APs. This has
    nothing to do with the casting skill itself. However,
    casting skill itself can also be purchased with APs, at
    great cost.
    
    NOTE: With nine different "spheres" of magic, there sure are
    plenty of choices. However, NOT ALL are equally useful.
    Humans, with their selection of white, red, and black mages,
    may want to concentrate on some other forms of magic than
    those available to those mages. Other races with
    spellcasters have similar choices.
    
    
    3.3   HEROES AND LEVELS
    
    NOTE: Choosing a profession (Warrior, Wizard, Rogue, or
    Priest), will give you a 1 pt enhancement to one of your
    statistics, depending on your choice. Choosing a profession
    also limits your specialty later, which gives you further
    enhancements. Consider the chart in [1.1] and the quick
    reference card before making your final choice.
    
    For exact bonuses of the various choices, see the WBC Quick
    Reference card.
    
    NOTE: For level 1 and level 2, you can ONLY gain 12 XP per
    level. That is as designed. From level 3 on you can gain
    more XPs (if the map allows that many).
    
    TIP: For skirmish/multiplayer heroes, it is possible to
    create "training maps" that pit your hero against a horde of
    enemies, and earn over 100 XP per win.
    
    How this actually works: when you gain a level and get some
    AP to spend, the game looks at your race and profession (for
    example, "human fighter", "orc pyromancer", etc.) and
    display all the special abilities that applies to you. A
    "human fighter" would see both "human special abilities" and
    "fighter special abilities", and so on.
    
    I'm not going to list the AP cost for each and every one.
    You can look those up in the manual and the README file.
    Some of the costs have changed slightly.
    
    Here's an analysis of the various "special abilities" on how
    they pertain to the race, specialty, and so on.
    
    
    3.3.1     Human Special Abilities
         
    Jack of All Trades: As the humans are always short on gold,
    ANY type of savings in gold (or any other resources) is
    good. For example, consider flaming arrow, which costs
    almost 1000 gold and 1000 ore to research. If you can
    research that for 25% off, the savings are enough to produce
    8 pikemen (provided you have enough capacity). Jack of All
    Trades can be further enhanced by the "Merchant" hero skill.
    
    Research: not that interesting, unless you chose wizard of
    priest as your profession, and specialized in Alchemy.
    "Tomes of Knowledge" experts agree that Alchemist is the
    worst "combat" magic specialty you can have, so even with
    the +5 it's not much of an advantage. Still, there are some
    spells in there that's interesting, like "acquire" or
    "create artifact". And the golems are excellent as defensive
    structures. They are as powerful as a tower and can do some
    decent damage.
    
    Knight Commander: half-priced knights are a SIGNIFICANT
    advantage for humans, and thus a MUST-have. This makes
    knights as cheap as mercenaries (except for the need for
    ore).
    
    
    3.3.2     Dwarf Special Abilities
         
    Rune Lore: +5 to Runes. Makes casting rune magic easier and
    more accurate. Runes includes "dig", which helps dwarves
    build. Just remember to cast those spells when you need
    them!  It is not easy to remember to use those spells, so
    SLOW DOWN the game if you need to, cast those spells, and
    start building!
    
    Dwarven armor: +1 to all damage types armor, always good to
    have more protection, esp. without researching for it
    
    Dwarven hammer: +5 to damage, always welcome to land more
    damage, but you still need a high combat rating to ensure a
    hit.
    
    
    3.3.3     Undead Special Abilities
         
    Wraithmaster: +5 Necromancy Casting skill, useful, as a lot
    of those spells can be deadly.
    
    Dark Summons: +5 Summoning Casting skill, always helps. This
    makes undead master in both necromancy and summoning.
    
    Skull Lord: Half price skeletons, even better for the early
    rush. Too bad you need to advance a couple levels to get it.
    Cheap skeletons mean more skeletons.
    
    
    3.3.4      Minotaur Special Abilities
         
    Fire Priest: +5 Pyromancy Casting skill, helpful if you
    specialize in that area.
    
    Gore : +5 to all hero's damage rolls, extra damage is good,
    but you still need high combat rating to actually LAND those
    hits.
    
    Charge: +3 Speed skill, useful to chase down enemies or
    making fast raids. Higher speed rating also means your hero
    may get the first hit off, which can make all the
    difference.
    
    
    3.3.5      Orc Special Abilities
         
    Hordemaster: -25% cost of all Orcish armies, definitely
    helps, as you can use this to churn out more units and build
    up faster.
    
    Orc Lord: +4 Command skill, not THAT useful if your command
    is already high enough. Leave this for "last".
    
    Chanting: +5 Summoning Casting skill, only if you specialize
    in that magic sphere or plan to.
    
    
    3.3.6      High Elf Special Abilities
         
    Elcor's Path: +5 healing Casting skill, always help to heal
    your troops, even with that "healer" building around.
    
    Golden General: +5 Command skill, leave this last as command
    rating is not THAT important.
    
    Golden Host: Half price `Rune of Animos'. Animos is rune of
    cavalry, but you only pay this "once", so this is hardly
    much of an improvement. Still, this gives you a slight head
    start on cavalry (and thus, dragon knights).
    
    
    3.3.7      Wood Elf Special Abilities
         
    Druidic Magic: +5 Nature casting skill, best combined with
    ranger's +5 nature
    
    Scouting: Increased viewing range for hero, not that useful,
    though ability to spot enemies before they spot you can help
    a little when you're personally leading an attack. Also,
    later in the game your view range is LESS than your command
    radius, and that can lead to some problems.
    
    Skylord: Half price `Rune of Cielos', which is for archers.
    This just let you put out archers a little ahead of
    schedule, since you only pay this "once".
    
    
    3.3.8      Dark Elf Special Abilities
         
    Dark Blade: +4% Assassin skill, which isn't much, but if you
    take all the OTHER bonuses by specializing in assassin, you
    have a 20% chance of killing enemy units outright.
    
    Dark Rituals: +5 Summoning Casting skill, helpful if you
    specialized in that sphere.
    
    Sorcery: Half price `Rune of Manos', which is the sorcerer /
    mage. Let you put out those ahead of schedule, but not much
    else.
    
    
    3.3.9     Barbarian Special Abilities
         
    They don't have any. ;-)
    
    
    3.4   SPECIALTY SPECIAL ABILITIES
    
    When you pick a specialty "career", like "alchemist" or
    "archmage", you also pick the choice of special abilities.
    The full list is in the manual, so I won't list them again
    here. Instead, I'll just make notes of some of the more
    significant ones:
    
    Alchemist: humans have a "research" skill that complements
    this nicely. And even though many say this sphere is not
    quite as powerful as others, it is also much easier to reach
    master and grandmastery with it. Also, "herbalism"
    complements the Healing sphere magic quite well. Don't
    forget that "create artifact" is the only way to get the
    best items.
    
    Archmage: get immune to magic damage ASAP... If you can cast
    some other resist spells like stone skin, resist fire, and
    such, you'd be temporarily invincible, esp. if you got
    grandmastery. Use this time to soak up enemy damage, and
    cast some truly killer spells.
    
    Assassin: get all the 4% bonus ASAP. Helps if you are a
    "dark elf", as you get that extra 4%, for an even 20% of
    assassinating a target outright, and that's ANY target.
    
    Barbarian: riding is good, as you can get even MORE cavalry
    out there for the early rush.
    
    Bard: not a direct fighter at all, the special abilities are
    all for enhancing your armies. Stay in the back and let your
    army do the bashing. Get all the "command" skill
    enhancements as you need to fight from the back.
    
    Druid: gets animal training (half price cavalry) and
    treemaster, which halves cost of treants, both of which are
    pretty good.
    
    Fighter: take "weapon mastery" first, as you need those
    extra XPs early on. Arms lore helps a lot in combat.
    
    Healer: get the upgrades to be even MORE effective... But
    again, don't fight yourself. Get command radius upgrades to
    increase effectiveness of your healing (heal more units).
    
    Illusionist: the bonus means you should also specialize in
    necromancy
    
    Necromancer: get the vampirism special and your hero will
    live a lot longer... if he fights.
    
    Paladin: double mana regeneration is good if you're a spell
    caster.
    
    Pyromancer: permanent immunity to fire is always good, as is
    setting targets on fire.
    
    Ranger: get unicorns and flying units for half price is well
    worth the AP spent...
    
    Runemaster: you get some alchemy spells, so think about
    double-schooling...
    
    Summoner: you can get bonus in pyromancy, or give daemons
    extra combat power... But how often do you find daemons
    unless you summon them?
    
    Thief: that extra income is always nice, as is the merchant
    skill, which makes things even cheaper. Half price spell
    upgrades in library is good, but you lose those after the
    scenario is over. Illusion bonus means you should also be an
    illusionist...
    
    
    3.5   COMMAND RADIUS
    
    TIP: You can temporarily boost the command radius with one
    of the "common" spells... If you can cast ANY spells at all.
    
    NOTE: Depending on your command skill, armies inside your
    command radius get a bonus.
    
    NOTE: Command radius controls conversions. The larger your
    command radius the more things you can convert all at once.
    
    TIP: Your command circle just needs to "touch" the
    building/mine in order to convert it. With a late-game hero,
    it's not unusual to convert 4-5 buildings simultaneously.
    
    NOTE: Command radius can EXCEED view distance, so you may
    end up converting things you can't see! This can be both a
    blessing and a curse.
    
    
    3.6   RETINUE
    
    TIP: Not all units that join you can help you with
    conversions and such. Refer to the manual for a list of
    units that can convert buildings.
    
    For example: If you're playing humans, white/red/black mage
    can convert buildings and such, which can leave your hero to
    do other things, like building stuff, convert more stuff,
    etc.
    
    NOTE: Lesser units (less than level 5) must have at least 20
    XP to join your retinue. Level 5 units (generals) can be
    from any race.
    
    TIP: Everybody should have a white mage in their retinue (if
    they can get one) as a white mage's "heal" makes all armies
    nearby last longer.
    
    TIP: Don't pick all high-cost units for your retinue. You
    usually have 10-16 pts or so to bring into battle, and
    having all high-cost units means you can't bring any into
    battle. The pts depends on your command skill, among other
    things.
    
    
    3.7   SCENARIO START RETINUE
    
    TIP: Before the scenario starts, consider your goals in the
    scenario, then pick the starting units.
    
    COMBAT: If you don't need to build anything, bring some high-
    power units, like ogre, troll, etc. You need HPs, not
    quantity.
    
    BUILD: If you won't see combat for a while, pick builders,
    because they can build things, leaving your hero free to
    convert mines and such, and boost production later.  The
    hero's conversion radius is larger than those of mages and
    other units.
    
    RUSH: If you need to rush some enemies, pick cheap combat
    troops and attack immediately. The enemy will not be ready
    unless they have existing units standing by. Consider
    leading your attack with your hero. Your main camp will be
    undefended, but if you succeed, you'll surely win the
    battle.
    
    TIP: In general, it is better to bring one high-power unit
    than two weak units. The stronger unit can survive and be
    healed, while one of the weaker units will simply die.
    
    
    3.8   HOW TO DEVELOPE A HERO
    
    NOTE: Health rating actually controls your healing rate, not
    your maximum hit points.
    
    TIP: You should improve training to 13, 19 or 25. This way
    you gain extra XP from each battle and gives your army extra
    XPs when they fight as well. Beyond those numbers you need a
    LOT of AP (ability points) to make an upgrade, and thus
    would not be worth it.
    
    TIP: Merchant skill is always good, as it gives you
    discounts on making units, researching skills at buildings,
    etc. Of course, the human special ability "Jack of All
    Trades" is very good too, and is pretty cheap.
    
    TIP: Spellcasting heroes need magery and speed (to run away
    from things you can't handle).
    
    TIP: Fighting heroes need high combat rating, as high as
    possible. Any sort of resistance is also good.
    
    NOTE: If the difference of combat rating between you and the
    target (or vice versa) is greater than 20, the target will
    receive additional damage.
    
    TIP: Don't increase command TOO much, as having a command
    radius larger than your view distance doesn't help much.
    
    TIP: Health is more important than resistance, in general.
    
    TIP: Find artifacts that will enhance those ratings you
    need. If converting, add speed and conversion. If fighting,
    add combat, command, and resistance. You can "customize"
    your hero this way.
    
    
    
    4    Additional Gameplay Info
       
    
    4.1   RESOURCES
    
    TIP: In general, the Humans/dwarves need lots of gold, the
    orcs/minotaurs need lots of ore, and the Elves need lots of
    crystals. Everybody needs stone for buildings.
    
    NOTE: All workers inside are destroyed when the building
    itself is destroyed.
    
    TIP: Due to the bonus for razing, raids on enemy mines are
    good ideas, esp. for the primitive races.
    
    NOTE: Shipyard, while not a resource, works the same way. If
    destroyed, it will be automatically rebuilt and end up as a
    neutral building until someone convert it.
    
    TIP: The "primitive" races like barbarians, orcs, and
    minotaurs, have a "razing" bonus. Every building they raze
    is worth 100 units of a specific resource. So sometimes, it
    PAYS to wreck buildings and mines instead of converting
    them.
    
    TIP: An ancient wisp produces crystals as a level 1 mine. of
    course, you need to spend 100 crystals or so to fuse 4 wisps
    into an ancient wisp, not to mention all the crystal used to
    make the 4 wisps in the first place.
    
    TIP: Get the workers into the mines ASAP to push up
    production. You need more production, even if it means delay
    some of the upgrades.
    
    
    4.2   PUTTING UNITS TO WORK
    
    TIP: You can set the rally point of the keep directly on a
    resource building. This way, the worker units will walk
    directly from your keep directly to the mine, and help speed
    up production. Combined with queues, this can simplify a lot
    of your management. Just remember to switch from one mine to
    another.
    
    NOTE: The maximum number of workers in a mine is 8, though a
    dwarf smith counts double.
    
    NOTE: It is NOT possible to get the workers OUT of a mine
    once you put them in. So protect those mines!
    
    TIP: one way to fill up a mine quickly is with the "summon
    thrall" spell/skill. Then you can put those 10 thralls, 8
    into a mine, the rest sent into the world as their own
    "free" adventure...
    
    TIP: Another way is the kill the thralls and resurrect them
    as skeletons.
    
    NOTE: Wisps cannot be put into mines, so the elves are at a
    disadvantage in that regard. However, elves can use "inn" to
    trade if properly researched.
    
    TIP: It is more "profitable" to reinforce a high-level mine
    than a low-level mine, unless you can only protect the lower
    one.
    
    TIP: You really don't need to reinforce mines other than the
    one your race needs the most. Again, humans need gold, and
    so on.
    
    TIP: Don't forget the zombie's ability to scavenge, once you
    get that researched. Bring one along into battles and have
    it scavenge the place.
    
    
    4.3   STOCKPILING RESOURCES
    
    NOTE: the only way to stockpile more resources is to build a
    bigger/better "keep"
    
    NOTE: the maximum you CAN store for each resource is 3000,
    as only the largest keep is used for that calculation.
    
    NOTE: If you lose the high level keep, your storage will
    fall to 1000 research each, which means you can lose several
    THOUSAND units of gold, ore, etc.
    
    TIP: Have more than one keep is always a good idea, as
    "backup". On the other hand, having more than one high-level
    keep may not be necessary, unless your enemies raid your
    keep and manage to destroy it.
    
    
    4.4   RESOURCE MINES
    
    TIP: You can see what "level" a resource building is by
    looking at the number of "carts" next to it. Level 1 would
    be 1 cart only, and so on. Crystal mines have extra crystals
    beside the main one.
    
    NOTE: Destroyed mines will become a fully functional neutral
    mine in 3-5 minutes of game time.
    
    NOTE: A mine CAN run dry, so a game does NOT last
    infinitely.
    
    
    4.5   ANIMALS
    
    NOTE: Not all maps have animals.
    
    NOTE: Sheep can be raised in corrals by certain races.
    However, they count against the army limit.
    
    NOTE: Trolls gather sheep to be throw as ammo. Click on a
    troll and you'll see how many sheep is that troll holding.
    
    NOTE: Minotaurs eat sheep to heal HPs and cure any
    disease/poison. This applies to both heroes and units.
    
    NOTE: There can be "geese" flying around. Those are neutral.
    
    NOTE: Cows can be loaded in catapults and does a LOT of
    damage.
    
    
    4.6   ITEMS
    
    TIP: Resource items usually appear near mines, but sometimes
    appear in enemy camps, or near ruins and such. Just walk
    into the items to "grab" them.
    
    TIP: Special items in chests are usually quite weak, maybe
    +1 or +2 in something. I've even seen -3 items.
    
    TIP: The best bonus you can get is +5. Some of the best
    items in the game have THREE +5's. Those are usually created
    from "Create Artifact" spell, with "Grand Mastery" in
    casting. The chance of getting something useful from chests
    is usually minimal.
    
    NOTE: You can sometimes get items from quests. Sometimes the
    shrines / mausoleums  / pyramid will "sell" you an item for
    a price.
    
    
    4.7   QUESTS
    
    Quests may be riddles, kill something, destroy something,
    pay something, etc..
    
    TIP: In case you need some help with the riddles... Here are
    the answers:
    Sword, Arrow, Night, Flower, Youth
    
    I'm sure you can figure out which one goes with which
    question.
    
    TIP: Get quests BEFORE you head into combat. That way, if
    the quest is combat related (destroy X buildings, kill X
    units, convert X buildings, etc.) you don't have to
    backtrack.
    
    
    
    5     Spells
       
    Spells have some of the most interesting effects on your
    heroes and your surroundings. While combat is important,
    spells can affect combat in a big way.
    
    There is a full list of spells in the manual, so I'll just
    go over the basics.
    
    According to Tomes of Knowledge, the best spells are:
    
    Best spell overall: illusionism / mutate -- great for
    minotaurs and orcs as it turns enemy units into sheep!
    Minotaurs can munch the sheep to regain HP and cure disease,
    while trolls can throw sheep and cause more damage.
    
    Second best spell overall: necromancy / vampirism -- takes
    enemy HP and add them to your own. Makes your units last
    MUCH longer. Do 10 pt damage, you gain 10 pts back. Cast
    them on your units before they head into battle.
    
    Other useful spells include:
    
    Alchemy / Acquire -- great for heroes/mages that can run
    really fast... cast "acquire" on those mines and poof!
    They're yours! Add some speed enhancements on the hero
    through artifacts... Another way... Run into enemy base and
    cast acquire, and watch the fireworks as the enemy defense
    towers turn against their own base! If you have plenty of
    mana, cast this multiple times inside an enemy base and you
    got yourself a ready-made base! Time this with your attack
    and you can wipe out the enemy in a true blitzkreig.
    
    Alchemy / Create Artifact -- if you can get spell grand
    mastery, create artifact can create +5, or even TRIPLE +5
    items, which are nearly impossible to find in most
    scenarios.
    
    Healing / Group heal -- great if you don't have a white mage
    tagging along... Keeps everybody in tip-top shape.
    
    Rune / Dig -- decreases build time, get your base up and
    running that much faster!
    
    Alchemy / Golems (clay, stone, metal) -- excellent defense.
    Cast one near your towers (or just in front of your group)
    and enemy will try to hit it, while it hits back with magic
    bolts (of which few have resistance for), and other
    defenders are hitting back.
    
    Needless to say, you need spell mastery, then grand mastery,
    to caste the really effective spells, and that means you
    need to specialize in magic. Still, being a dabbler in magic
    can help.
    
    
    
    6    General Shortcuts
       
    Here are some time savers to help you manage your units on
    the battlefield.
    
    
    6.1   USE GROUPINGS!
    
    Group your units and you can access them quickly.
    
    I usually group my hero alone as group 1, and my white mage
    as group 2. My important characters would probably be group
    3. Then the rest of the numbers can be assigned as I build
    my attack groups.
    
    You can even set grouping to BUILDINGS, so that you can
    instantly "snap" to it.
    
    
    6.2   USE MOUSE SHORTCUTS!
    
    Double-click on a unit will select ALL units of that type on
    the screen. This helps you set groupings.
    
    Right-click on a building immediately brings up the building
    menu, better than click on the building, THEN click on the
    menu button.
    
    
    6.3   USE QUEUES!
    
    Most of you know about the production queue, but did you
    know you can queue buildings as well? Hit Build when you
    have a builder unit selected, the hold down the shift key,
    and click on a building. Now you can click multiple times on
    the map, and the builder unit will continue building one
    after another until either you run out of resources, was
    blocked, or otherwise interrupted.
    
    
    6.4   USE WAYPOINTS!
    
    Waypoints can be very helpful if you want to specify a path
    for a unit around certain enemy strong points and such.
    However, a hero (or any other unit that can convert) can use
    waypoints on his/her conversion trip.
    
    For example, you can set your hero to go to a waypoint.
    While the shift key is held down, click on the flag icon
    (convert), and that waypoint will have a blue "convert" icon
    on it. Repeat for every waypoint you wish the hero to do a
    "convert", and the hero will do the route, do convert, then
    run for next waypoint.
    
    
    6.5   USE STOP!
    
    Often, you'll notice your units, heading toward a waypoint,
    walking right past enemy units, who are hitting them. Just
    select your units and hit STOP, and they'll detect enemy
    units and engage accordingly.
    
    
    
    7    Phases of a Typical Battle
       
    If the battle involves building, there are usually six
    phases: setup, entrench, probe, raids, all-out battle, and
    finally, clean-up. Different races are vulnerable during
    different phases, and different races have different tempos
    moving from phase to phase.
    
    
    7.1   SETUP
    
    The purpose of setup phase is to get your camp started, and
    make sure you don't run out of any resources for upgrade to
    level 2, as well as making your camp defensible.
    
    When you first start, you should have some mines nearby.
    Immediately have your hero convert the nearby mines.
    
    Start building your keep immediately. Locate a good
    defensible position. If the keep also produces workers, put
    the keep near the mines. Else, put the keep in a corner
    where it's defensible.
    
    Send other conversion units out (with escort) and do a quick
    search of nearby area and convert additional mines.
    
    Build the unit producing structures (probably with your hero
    as you send the idle worker into the mines)  Immediately
    produce 2-8 early units to help you defend.
    
    Upgrade keep to level 2 when ready. You should attempt to do
    this BEFORE you get raided by enemy heroes.
    
    A lot of races are vulnerable in this phase. If you don't
    have enough defenders early on, a quick raid by the enemy
    hero with his units can take out your camp just like that.
    
    
    7.2   ENTRENCH
    
    Once you got the keep up to level 2, it's time to get some
    better units on the field, and consolidate the hold on your
    camp.
    
    If you got the resources, start building towers to guard the
    resources and your keep, and get those infantry units in
    there. If enemy attacks, put the hero in a tower as well,
    and that enhances the combat of the tower significantly.
    
    Keep adding workers to the mines, and locate additional
    mines. Remember to PROTECT the mines. By now, you should
    have seen enemy raids. AI will only come from one or two
    directions, so build more towers to protect against attack
    in that direction. Against humans, you may need to just keep
    a central reserve instead, and keep towers separated.
    
    Against AI, some AI heroes seem to concentrate on converting
    the mines nearby (depending on their personality), so if you
    have earlier converted all the nearby mines, they will spend
    times converting them, giving you more time to get
    entrenched.
    
    Consider sending the hero out to convert them back. Don't
    reinforce those mines with workers. Just convert them back
    when you get a chance.
    
    Build some cavalry if you can and group them to explore the
    land, and maybe destroy some enemy mines. Expand the search
    circle around your camp first to locate more mines you can
    convert later.
    
    Keep expanding the camp by adding additional defensive units
    and towers. Upgrade to level 3 keep when ready.
    
    
    7.3   PROBE
    
    During the probe phase, your camp is established, and it's
    time to scout the land and locate the enemy.
    
    This phase is usually short, as you can make a fairly
    certain guess on where the enemy is coming from by observing
    their raid patterns, and/or by placing a unit to follow the
    retreating enemy.
    
    The other way is scout by air. Build a single eyrie, and
    start making low-level fliers, and send them out to explore
    the world by flying to the four corners of the map, and
    start the "grid" search pattern. It doesn't matter if they
    die, they will have served their purpose.
    
    Once you've identified enemy camp or mines, send in more
    fliers to ascertain their location, as you need to locate
    the side that's least defended, and their critical structure
    that will put a severe crimp in their effectiveness. For
    humans, go after the keep or stables. For Undead, go after
    the tombs, and so on.
    
    You can also use small but fast ground units for scouting.
    Goblins are great for this as they are fast and they have
    big view zones.
    
    
    7.4   RAIDS
    
    The raid phase is where you seek to weaken the enemy camp so
    they are vulnerable for your big push, while you defend
    yourself from enemy raids.
    
    Cavalry, with their high speed, are the best raiders. Your
    scouting should have paid off and located enemy structures
    and mines for you to attack.
    
    Resource denial should be done first. Send out raids to
    destroy (or convert, if you're the elves) mines (fliers are
    okay), esp. unprotected mines. Target the resources need by
    your enemy. Humans need lots of gold, undead need lots of
    ore and crystal, and so on. They can't protect every mine.
    Raid stone mines as well as that is needed to build towers.
    
    You also need to prevent the enemy from doing this to you.
    Having some anti-air units (or a tower) stand by near each
    important mine is good. Air units over each concentration of
    mines are also good.
    
    You should work on your skill upgrades in this phase, to
    enhance the combat power you'll need in the big battle.
    
    Send out LARGE groups of fliers to hunt the mines, and
    cavalry to hunt towers and structures. If you can, bring
    them home to be healed, then send them out again. Keep
    making raiding groups to replace the losses. Keep strong
    defenses at home and try to catch the enemy heroes raiding
    you. Keep your hero at home or at least give him a large
    escort (10 or more cavalry units and some flyers).
    
    
    7.5   BIG BATTLE
    
    The big battle phase is where you send in the huge army
    you've accumulated while fending off the few enemy raids,
    and this huge army will wipe out the enemy camp.
    
    Before you attack, get the quests from the
    shrines/masoleums/pyramids. If it involves destruction or
    conversion, this is the time.
    
    If you've been whittling down the enemy camp, send in a
    flier or two as scouts. If you don't see any one protecting
    the place, feel free to send the hero in (with escorts) to
    convert the place for your use.
    
    Else, just send in the attack units and watch them level the
    whole place. Remember to move the idle units so they'll
    attack the next series of buildings and such.
    
    If there are more than one enemy camps, you may need to
    repeat this and earlier phases.
    
    
    7.6   CLEAN-UP
    
    This phase is pretty short, as this just involves cleaning
    up the map of all your opponents. Some may have escaped and
    may be rebuilding elsewhere.
    
    Build some flying units, maybe even dragons, and send them
    out to explore the place. One frequent nag is you need to
    destroy ALL units, that include warships. Once you wiped out
    all the warships, and all the land units, that side is
    toast.
    
    If the battle still doesn't end, you may need to move your
    hero to a specific spot.
    
    
    7.7   ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY: LIGHTNING RAID
    
    Sometimes, if you have a decent starting army (6-10 units),
    and some strong characters, it may be worth the risk to
    start an IMMEDIATELY attack on the enemy camp. Usually, the
    enemy camp is not entrenched yet, and if you attack early
    on, they may not even have many defenders up. So if you can
    take out the enemy hero right then and there, you can
    convert their camp and eliminate two birds with one stone.
    
    However, this strategy carries significant risks. If you
    have mission-critical characters, losing them means the
    mission's over, yet the less fighters you bring, the less
    likely your strategy will succeed.
    
    If you don't have a white mage handy, the damage you
    suffered in this battle means you may not be able to fend
    off raids from other factions.
    
    Finally, this strategy does NOT work if the enemy is already
    entrenched, with towers and more defending.
    
    
    7.8   ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY: EARLY RAID
    
    The races that get early cavalry, like humans (mercenary)
    and barbarians (riders) may wish to adopt an early raid
    strategy to keep the enemy off balance. The cavalry units
    are fast and can do significant damage to a camp if the hero
    is out and about leading a raid (hero always takes "mixed"
    units, some of this and some of that). Open the corridor by
    destroying a tower, then head inside and destroy/destroy
    critical structures. At the minimum, the structure is
    weakened and they must spend resources to repair (if
    possible, not all races can repair), or else you can send in
    another raid at the same target.
    
    Orcs may also wish to adopt the early raid strategy, esp.
    after wolfrider gets "rabies" upgrade. You want to pass
    disease, even if the wolfrider dies.
    
    
    
    8    General Tactics
       
    Here are some tactics that everyone should know.
    
    
    8.1   START NEAR MINES YOU NEED
    
    Start your keep near the mines you need. That way you spend
    minimum time reinforcing the mines with builders... if you
    can or need to.
    
    There is an exception: The undead make builder units from
    Tomb, so the keep can be anywhere you want. Similarly,
    dwarves make builder units from smithy.
    
    
    8.2   BUILD ALONG THE EDGE AND CORNER
    
    Build along the edge of the map, preferably the corner, in a
    "square" fashion, is the best. That way, you can protect
    yourself by exposing only 2 sides, and make sure you have
    enough towers for defense
    
    
    8.3   EXPLOIT NATURAL TERRAIN
    
    You can't cut trees and move hills in WBC, so those forests
    are there to stay, unlike Warcraft series. Use them as
    natural walls to protect your camp.
    
    Look for choke points near you and seek to control them with
    your towers and/or units.
    
    Beach is not as good as it can be subjected to amphibious
    assault.
    
    River is not as good as it is rather narrow and missiles
    (and long-range conversion) can be done from across the
    river.
    
    
    8.4   MAKE YOUR TERRAIN
    
    Orcs should build orc huts as "walls" to protect their
    surroundings. A walled off orc town with towers is a tough
    nut to crack.
    
    Undead can do similar things with gravestones, but those are
    individually too weak to do much, and requires too much
    crystals.
    
    Building additional keeps is a possibility.
    
    
    8.5   OFFENSIVE TACTICS
    
    Some races should 'rush' the enemy with some of the earliest
    units you can build, esp. high speed ones.
    
    For example, Barbarians, with their early Barbarian riders,
    love to rush you with 6-12 riders. If you don't have some
    defenses set, those raiders can hit you quickly while you
    attempt to grow your base.
    
    Other races may be better rushing in the mid-game, or like
    humans at the end game.
    
    Consider sending your hero to raid enemy camps. If they
    don't have a lot of defenses up, your hero may be able to
    single-handed-ly take over the enemy camp. However, if you
    lose the hero, you are doomed.
    
    
    8.6   DEFENSIVE TACTICS
    
    Towers are excellent defensive structures, if you have the
    resources to build them.
    
    Build towers in pairs or triplets, as a single tower is too
    easy to destroy.
    
    Put some melee units in front of the tower to soak up the
    damage first, while the tower shoots back.
    
    Put some archers and other missile units (trolls, giants,
    liches) behind the towers, and if you got them, projectile
    siege weapons.
    
    Put your hero, mages, dryads, and such inside a tower and
    they can do even MORE damage, and gains a lot of HPs
    (temporarily due to the tower).
    
    Dwarves are best on defense as their crossbow counts as
    "advanced archers" and those arrows will do a LOT of damage.
    Any kind of defensive units in a tower will do a lot of
    damage. Just remember to repair the tower, if you can.
    
    If the enemy hero leads the raid, KILL the enemy hero! Doing
    so means their game is virtually doomed. They can't convert
    any more resources unless they make more level 5 units
    (exception: humans with level 4 white mage).
    
    Search for chokepoints, and block it with certain
    structures. Orcs, for example, can build orc huts as walls,
    and put shamans behind that as shooters. Others can block
    with other units that are not critical to the war effort
    (i.e. you need just one, but can build more)
    
    
    8.7   GUERILLA WARFARE
    
    Elves can send Phoenixes out to convert mines and buildings
    ALL OVER the map. This is best used after you get the
    "Farseeing" skill, which reveals the whole map and enemy
    units, but can be used before then. The phoenix is
    relatively cheap and fast. Set them to cowardly and send
    them to find and convert enemy mines and buildings.
    
    Other races can do this too with their heroes, esp.
    Alchemists, who can get the "Acquire" spell.  "Acquire"
    allows him to acquire all buildings inside a certain radius
    almost instantaneously. Run in there, cast, run out. Wear a
    few more of those speed-enhancing special items and they
    can't even touch you! You can even make a few kills on the
    way.
    
    This is best used again races that do NOT convert a lot of
    buildings (primitive or civilized races). Those races need
    to get up to level 5 in order to produce more conversion
    units. Before then, only their hero can convert.
    
    
    8.8   USE THOSE HERO SPELLS!
    
    Even human fighters can learn spells, though they'll
    probably be pretty simple ones like Alchemy sphere spells
    making "golems". Still, every bit counts. Some help in
    defense, some help in offense.
    
    For the generals, they have spells too, so use them!
    
    SLOW DOWN the game if it's moving too fast for you to cast
    spells.
    
    Set hot keys for the most often used spells!
    
    
    8.9   WHY HEAL ARMIES?
    
    When you can simply build new ones? Simple...
    
    1) armies cost resources to build, so if you can keep them
    running, it saves you resources, which can be used on other
    things, like building OTHER armies, or structures... or
    research...
    
    2) armies that survive gains expEyrience pts, which makes
    them more effective. Also, only high-expEyrience units can
    enter your retinue.
    
    However, it also depends on the race you're playing.
    Barbarians would have almost no reason to heal armies, for
    example, since their armies are so cheap and so fast to
    produce. Orcs are also easy to build and cheap.
    
    
    8.10  ALTERNATIVES TO HEALING
    
    While only humans have the white mage (unless they appear in
    your retinue), there are alternatives.
    
    [Bubblegeek] The High Elves & The Wood Elves have the Healer
    building which has Healing upgrades to speed recovery and
    "Elcor's Balm" which, for a big chunk of crystal, will heal
    all your armies on the map.
    
    Although not specifically Healing, the Undead have the
    Transform ability-morph a skeleton into a wraith or wight to
    restore its HPs; transform a Wight into a Liche or Slayer
    Knight to restore its HPs; morph a Wraith into Shadow to
    restore its HP-send a bunch of them into battle, take out
    the most damaged ones, and morph them again..
    
    Everybody has the Retinue method-Play the humans, make some
    white Mages, and take them into your retinue when you leave
    the scenario. Now you can bring them into the game no matter
    which race you play.
    
    
    8.11  NOTES ON TOWERS
    
    [This section is from "Tomes of Knowledge" appendix]
    
    Instead of firing its native missile type (Arrows for
    Civilized Tower, Boulders for Primitive Towers, or Energy
    Balls for Magic Towers), if missile units are placed in a
    tower, then the tower will fire the same missile type as the
    best missile unit in that tower. Thus if Gladewardens with
    Flaming Arrows are placed in a Magical Tower, it will shoot
    Flaming Arrows instead of Energy Balls.
    
    Basic Infantry still count for +2 Combat & +1 Speed when in
    a tower
    
    Basic Missile troops still count for + 1 Range & +5 Damage
    when in a tower
    
    Advanced Infantry count for +3 Combat & +2 Speed when in a
    tower, Advanced Infantry are: Dwarf Berserkers, Dwarf Lords,
    Shadows, Slayer Knights, Vampires, Reavers, & Blackguard
    
    Advanced Missile troops count for +10 Damage & +1 Range when
    in a tower, Advanced Missile troops are: Red/White/Black
    Mages, Dwarf Crossbows, Liches, Moonguard, Dryads,
    Sorcerers, Mystics & Druids
    
    A Hero counts for +4 Combat, +2 Speed, +10 Damage & +2 Range
    
    
    8.12  NOTES ON DRAGONS
    
    Everybody can build dragons provided they want to spend the
    resources to upgrade their Eyries to level 3, AND spend the
    1000 gold and 1000 crystal to build a dragon. It also takes
    a VERY long time (6 minutes to be exact) to build one.
    
    Make sure you have enough "army capacity", since a dragon
    counts as FOUR army units.
    
    
    8.13  FULL LIST OF THE HINTS DURING LOADING SCREEN
    
    Here's the full list of hints as given in the loading screen
    
      *    Hold the SHIFT key while issuing orders to set up
         queues of orders for your troops.
         
      *    If you hold down the ALT key and issue an order, your
         troops will stop what they are doing and execute the new
         order first.
         
      *    The function keys F1-F8 can be set up to hot-key
         spells. With the cursor over a spell in the spellbook, press
         F1-F8.
         
      *    The '+' and '-' keys can be used to alter the game
         speed. There are five speeds available.
         
      *    Use the TAB key to cycle through all of your buildings
         which can produce armies or skills.  SHIFT-TAB cycles
         backwards through the list.
         
    *    Use CTRL-TAB to cycle through ONLY the buildings which
    can produce armies.  CTRL-SHIFT-TAB cycles backwards through
    the list.
    *    Your hero is also a builder. He can build any of the
    major buildings for your side.
    *    To delete old heroes from the Book of Heroes, press the
    DELETE key while on that screen.
    *    Double click on a unit to select all units of that type
    on the screen.
    *    You can click on your hero's portrait in the control
    panel to select him. Double clicking the portrait will
    select and center on the hero.
    *    Use the 'Q' key to quickly check progress on a quest. A
    small Grail at the base of your hero's portrait indicates a
    quest.
    *    Pressing 'ESC' while a dialog is displayed in the game
    will close that dialog down.
    *    Use the 'I' key to quickly check your inventory.  You
    can also open the  Inventory by clicking on the Sack on the
    left side of your hero's portrait.
    *    Use the 'S' key to quickly open your Spellbook.  You
    can also open the Spellbook by clicking the Orb on the right
    side of your hero's portrait.
    *    The Orb on the right side of the hero's portrait fills
    as you gain mana. The small numbers beneath it show exactly
    how much Mana you have accumulated.
    *    As your hero takes damage his portrait will gradually
    turn red. When the portrait is ALL red, your hero is
    mortally wounded.
    *    Pressing CTRL 0-9 will define a group of units.
    Pressing 0-9 will then select the group.
    *    Putting infantry and archers inside a Tower helps to
    strengthen the tower. Only small units will fit in the tower
    though!
    *    An infantryman placed inside a tower adds +1 to Speed &
    +2 to Combat for that tower.
    *    An archer placed inside a tower adds +5 to Damage & +1
    to Range for that tower.
    *    A hero placed inside a tower counts for two archers AND
    two infantrymen when calculating the abilities of the tower.
    *    A tower is a great place to hide your hero when playing
    with the "Assassination" victory condition.
    *    Remember to place builder units (i.e. Peasants,
    Kobolds, Thralls, Zombies & Dwarf Smiths) into mines to
    increase resource production.
    *    Right clicking on buildings will bring up the
    production dialog for that building.
    *    Ancient Wisps are quite useful to the Elves - they can
    generate crystal at the same rate as a Level 1 Crystal Mine.
    *    You can pause the game with the F12 key (in single-
    player). While the game is paused, you can issue orders and
    set up production.
    *    Trolls can pick up sheep and hurl them into battle. A
    sheep does more damage than a Troll's ordinary rock attack!
    *    Catapults can load up cows then fling them at the
    enemy. This is extremely demoralizing and also lots of fun!
    *    Minotaurs can eat sheep & cattle to heal & cure
    themselves. This applies to ALL minotaurs - even the hero.
    *    Dwarf Smiths count as two men when put into a mine to
    increase its resource production.
    *    Remember to seek out quests by selecting your hero and
    right-clicking on a quest building (Pyramid, Shrine or
    Mausoleum).
    *    Remember to hot-key your commonly used spells.  Do this
    by holding the mouse over that spell and pressing F1 - F8.
    *    In 1024 x 768 resolution you can lock an army or
    building into the bottom left area of the screen by
    selecting it and pressing Ctrl + L.
    *    Press SPACE to cycle the screen back to the sites of
    previous messages.
    *    Don't fill your Retinue with too many high level
    armies. They can be too expensive to take into some battles.
    *    Set up patrol paths for units to help in base-defense.
    Select the unit, press 'p', then click on the patrol
    point(s).
    *    You can click and drag out sections of walls for easier
    building.
    *    Beware of large groups of Barbarians or Ballistae.
    Their missiles can each hit multiple targets!
    *    Harpies & Black Mages can hinder enemy spellcasters by
    use of their Drain Mana ability.
    *    Press 'R' to display your hero's Command Radius.  He
    can convert anything inside here.
    *    Press 'A' then right-click on the map to have units
    attack any enemies while moving to their new destination.
    
    
    9    Race Analysis: Humans
       
    Humans are an average race that maintains power throughout.
    The have good offense and defense in all stages. By late
    game, the mages and knights are very powerful. The pikemen
    and towers are excellent against races that like to rush.
    Knights with "grand paladin" upgrade are deadly against
    undead.
    
    Humans are heavily dependent on gold, and later ore. Later
    in the game they also need a lot of crystal. They don't need
    much stones except for building.
    
    
    9.1   HUMAN UNITS
    
    Generals: White Mage is a necessity for every race, not just
    humans. The fact that humans can produce them with a level 4
    palace and library makes humans very hard to beat in late
    game. Definite try to keep one in your retinue, and protect
    him!
    
    Red Mage is not that useful, unless the enemy is vulnerable
    to fire damage. On the other hand, if the enemy deals a lot
    of fire damage, Red Mage can cast "resist fire", which makes
    enemy fire much less effective and makes liches almost
    harmless. Another possibility is mix them in a group of
    knights, and have them protect the knights with "ring of
    fire" spell.
    
    Black Mage can be interesting with poison cloud and mana
    drain. Best used on other spellcasters or magic users (like
    an elven galleon), and esp. heroes. With no mana, a lot of
    the hero's firepower is negated. And a poisoned hero is
    easily killed.
    
    Cavalry: Knights are one of the best cavalry units in the
    game, with plenty of hit points and high combat rating.
    Their only weakness: no anti-air.
    
    Mercenaries are okay, but nothing like a good knight
    charge... Still, get some mercenaries out early and you can
    seriously hurt your enemy while you work on your upgrades.
    
    Archers: Squires are just average archers. Put two of them
    in a tower as defense, along with two pikemen. Still,
    squires are your only anti-air units unless you count mages.
    
    Infantry: Pikemen gets a bonus against cavalry, but
    otherwise are pretty average. Put two in a tower along with
    2 squires. However, with upgrades, they become quite
    powerful later in the game.
    
    Workers: peasants are decent workers and can be produced
    cheaply. Stuff them into those mines to increase output!
    Best part... they count as 1/4 of an army for army limits,
    which everybody counts their workers as 1. This allows the
    humans to pump out a lot of gold by sending peasants to work
    in the mines.
    
    Air units: Eagle can only attack buildings and other fliers,
    so if you want to build some, send them out as guerilla
    attacks. Those without some towers or archers will have
    problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is to
    send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any).
    
    Pegasus is a decent flying unit, but not as good busting
    towers as griffons. Still, in a herd they can do a LOT of
    damage.
    
    
    9.2   CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Flaming arrows (from archery range): expensive, but worth
    it, also improves your other arrow shooters like towers and
    ships.
    
    Trade (by Market): allows conversion of one type of resource
    to another (at 50% loss, but better than complete shortage!)
    
    Paladin: (by Cathedral), makes knights even deadlier
    
    Grand Paladin (by Cathedral), critical against undead
    
    Weaponsmith (I and II) (from smithy), gives damage bonus,
    makes pikemen very dangerous
    
    Rites of Dawn (from cathedral), turns night into day, great
    against Undead or other races that gets bonus in the
    darkness.
    
    
    9.3   OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Early on, humans are good on the defense, esp. against races
    with lots of cavalry, like barbarians, esp. if they have a
    good quarry nearby and can get several towers up and man
    them with squires.
    
    Usually, sit back and try to grow and protect their
    resources. Build near concentration of gold mines as much as
    possible, and extend towers to protect those mines, and
    start on defense.
    
    Get the cathedral up, and crank out large groups of knights
    and clean the map with them, maybe backed up by some squires
    and pegasi. Figure at least 4 stables, and 2-4 eyries, and 2
    barracks.
    
    Build a market to convert the other resources into resources
    you need. You will usually have a surplus of stone and
    crystals, and maybe ore. Convert that into gold and whatever
    you need with a market's "trade" skill is essential, and
    should be your first priority once available.
    
    Once you get library, the knights are almost unstoppable
    with white mages doing "group heal" on them.
    
    Try to build more than one cathedral on different sides of
    the map. That way, if the enemy manages to destroy one of
    them, at least you get another one to play with.
    
    Humans usually don't use much air or naval power unless the
    map is very constricted or is mainly a naval map.
    
    This strategy works against all races, with slight
    modifications.
    
    Against early bloomers, such as undead and barbarians,
    pikemen provides good defense (double damage bonus against
    cavalry), and your mercenaries are more than a match for
    most early riders. The main problem with mercenaries is they
    cost GOLD, which you're always short on.
    
    Against late bloomers, a MOB of knights with "paladin"
    upgrade and white mages can deal with almost anything by
    then.
    
    Almost ALL human units need gold (except higher up, when the
    mages uses more crystals), so gold is VERY important. Secure
    AT LEAST TWO gold mines, preferably level 3, and look for
    ways to add more.
    
    Having more than one conversion unit would help a lot
    initially in the mad dash to convert resources to your flag.
    
    
    9.4   HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    The key to defeating humans is take away their resources,
    such as gold and ore. If you can deny the humans their
    resources, they can't expand / upgrade.
    
    Rushing humans early on will not work, due to their high
    defenses with towers and pikemen.
    
    Consider sending out guerilla units and make suicide attacks
    on human gold mines and quarries. Destroy their mines and
    they will be without income for a while. Stone is needed to
    build towers, and gold/stone is needed to upgrade the
    palaces
    
    The Elves can send out phoenix, which has pretty lousy
    combat stats, but can take away several mines (if packed
    closely together). Send small groups all over the map, both
    as explorers and converters. Early on humans only have their
    retinue to convert units, and if you can catch one of them
    out and about you can at least hurt them, so you can kill
    them later.
    
    Other races should consider exploring the map with some
    cheap units like thrall / kobold / zombie and then leave
    some units near each mine just to annoy the heroes and maybe
    keep him tied up converting mines.
    
    Destroy any markets you see to compound their problem.
    Another high priority target would be their cathedral.
    
    
    
    10    Race Analysis: Dwarves
       
    Overall: Dwarves have no cavalry, which means they can't
    rush. Their "runners" don't really count. On the other hand,
    dwarves build faster and can get the watchtowers up faster
    as well. They also have a LOT of siege weapons.
    
    Dwarves produce smiths out of smithy, not the keep.
    
    Concentrate on defense first, and worry about offense later.
    Need gold and ore early.
    
    NOTE: Dwarves have extra resistance to "poison" and
    "disease", which makes them ore effective against orcs and
    dark elves.
    
    NOTE: Rune spell "resist missile", which works even on
    flaming arrows, are absolutely great for dwarves. Cast them
    and watch them kill towers.
    
    
    10.1  DWARVEN UNITS
    
    General: Dwarf Lord can convert buildings, and has decent
    hit points. It is the PERFECT tower killer. Add upgrades and
    drunkeness, and it'll be unstoppable.
    
    Cavalry: none
    
    Archers: Dwarven crossbow is one of the best "archer" units
    in the game, provided you use the "drunkeness" bonus.
    
    Infantry: Runners with drunkeness can go speed 20 fully
    upgraded, which is one of the fastest in the game (10
    normal, +6 from Royal Messenger and +4 from dwarf brew),
    great for chasing down pesky heroes. On the other hand, if
    not upgraded, they're just "normal".
    
    Dwarf Infantry is okay, nothing too special about them,
    except their relatively low speed.
    
    Berserkers are good, but cost a lot, and really needs a lot
    of upgrades to be REALLY effective. Best used as "tank" (as
    in "soak up the damage") while crossbowers shoot into the
    melee.
    
    Spellcaster: none
    
    Siege units: Dwarves are uniquely blessed with THREE siege
    engines: battering ram, ballista, and catapult. They each
    have their uses. Battering ram is good taking down towers
    and buildings.
    
    Worker: Dwarf Smith actually has decent melee combat and
    counts DOUBLE when put into mines to work. He is also one of
    the fastest builders.
    
    Air units: Eagle can only attack buildings and other fliers,
    so if you want to build some, send them out as guerilla
    attacks. Those without some towers or archers will have
    problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is to
    send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any).
    
    Griffons are decent fliers, comparable to Pegasus with just
    minor differences. With a group of them you can wipe out a
    lot of towers.
    
    
    10.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Dwarven brew (from inn), makes your units that much more
    effective for limited periods of time as you engage
    "drunkeness".
    
    Trade (from market), allow trading one type of resources to
    another, makes shortages more copable
    
    Fletcher / Bower (from archery range), makes crossbow even
    deadlier
    
    Engineering (from library), builds cheaper
    
    
    10.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Dwarves need LOTS of ore (many of their units relies on ore,
    esp. berserker). So build near ore mines.
    
    Due to low speed of the dwarven ground units, dwarves
    usually make slow but sure advances, backed up by a decent
    air force of griffons. Their crossbows are first rate and
    their ability to do "drunken fighting" makes them quite
    deadly in melee.
    
    They will build those watchtowers as defense and put
    crossbows inside to protect their surroundings, usually near
    ore mines.
    
    Build at least two inns. You need "trade" and "dwarven brew"
    ASAP. Put them on different sides of the base, preferably
    one deep within your tower network.
    
    Then build up to the point where they can send a series of
    units (berserkers and crossbows, along with a smattering of
    siege machines) as the "grand host", and slowly tear down
    all your resources and defenses. The siege machines will
    demolish your structures. The other units are just there to
    protect the siege machines.
    
    Another possibility is they will just build a big force of
    griffons and let them do the fighting. Griffon mainly needs
    rocks, which doesn't hurt the dwarves as much.
    
    
    10.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Dwarves have low speed, so they are usually vulnerable to
    high speed attacks like cavalry charges and so on. Dwarves
    also need a lot of ore, so "ore denial" strategy works as
    well.
    
    Destroy any markets you see to compound their problem.
    
    Also go after inns, so they can't do that 'drunken' stuff.
    
    Dwarves in general are not too good against air units, due
    to slow speed. So if you send in a large group of air units
    they can do some damage, at least until dwarves build up
    their flock of griffons. So go after eyries.
    
    Dwarves can be affected by spells, esp. large area damage
    spells.
    
    
    
    11   Race Analysis: Undead
       
    Overall: Undead plays early offense, as you can quickly get
    lots of skeletons up and running. The problem with undead is
    the higher level units are only made by transforming lower
    level units. This can lead to severe resource shortage if
    you try to convert too many at a time. Instead, MIX UP the
    troops. Make a FEW wights, a FEW slayer knights, etc. And
    send them in WITH a HORDE of skeletons.
    
    Try to fight at night or in the rain as much as possible.
    Use spells to turn the weather.
    
    NOTE: Undead has no psych effects (i.e. completely immune).
    They also are immune to disease and poison. This makes them
    effective against high elves (unicorn) and orcs (giant),
    among others.
    
    NOTE: Undead does NOT regenerate. However, morphing a lower
    unit to a higher unit restores its hitpoints to full. For
    example, if you morph a half dead skeleton to a wight, the
    wight would have full hitpoints.
    
    
    11.1  UNDEAD UNITS
    
    General: Vampire is a REALLY weak level 5 unit. It's
    basically infantry with vampirism, and if you spellcaster
    can cast vampirism, Vampires are useless. On the other hand,
    they kill orcs dead, very dead, due to their resistance to
    crushing damage, and are likely to gain high experience
    points.
    
    Cavalry: none
    
    Archers: Liche technically is not an archer, but it counts
    as a "missile" unit shooting small fireballs. They do a lot
    of damage, esp. in medium to large groups. Still, you need
    pretty high level keep to make them, and lots of crystals,
    and wights.
    
    Infantry: Skeletons are extremely cheap and great for "rush"
    attacks. Most melee does piercing damage, but skeletons are
    vulnerable to crushing.  This makes them great for killing
    towers (piercing attack). Do NOT use against orcs for
    minotaurs (they do crushing attacks). Build lots of
    gravestones to make more skeletons. Skeletons are weak
    though, only 20 HP.
    
    Wraiths are a bit light on HP, but ability to attack both
    air and ground units are good.
    
    Wights are average with decent armor, but a bit slow. It's
    main use is to be converted inot liches or slayer knights.
    
    Shadow is basically a bigger badder wraith. They need
    serious upgrades to be really effective, like Dark Mithril.
    Shadow is also end-of-the-line, can't be upgraded any
    further.
    
    Slayer Knights: very strong, very tough, very slow, end of
    the line (no more upgrades). Get those upgrades done ASAP!
    
    Workers: Zombies can actually attack, with a lot of damage.
    With a bit of protection like Dark Mithril upgrade, they are
    actually decent combat units. They can pass disease onto
    their targets. Scavenge enemy bodies, AND building... AND
    you can create them in the middle of almost anywhere...
    Interesting. Bring one along with raid or defending groups,
    and they can salvage resources.
    
    Air units: Giant Bats can only attack buildings and other
    fliers, so if you want to build some, send them out as
    guerilla attacks. Those without some towers or archers will
    have problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is
    to send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any). These are cheap (compared to eagles) and you can crank
    more them out faster.
    
    Harpy causes poison, and can drain mana, which makes them
    useful against other spellcasters and large groups. However,
    they are vulnerable to other fliers. Send other fliers to
    escort them on their attack runs.
    
    
    11.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Burial (from tomb): allows skeletons and gravestones,
    absolutely necessary
    
    Dark Mithril (from smithy): gives all units more armor and
    more damage, requires master weaponsmith.
    
    Tombguard (from keep), upgrades combat rating of wights.
    
    Haunting / Wailing (from barrow), increases effectiveness of
    wraiths and shadows
    
    Torture / Fallen Knight (from dungeon) doubles / triples
    slayer knight's damage. The latter is only good against
    humans, so you don't need it if you're not fighting humans
    (humans in this case includes both humans and barbarians)
    
    Staff of Damnation / Liche King (from library), increases
    liche's damage
    
    
    11.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Undead is an interesting race to play. Almost EVERYTHING
    (except zombies, vampires, and flying units) are based on
    skeletons. So the overall strategy is simple: build LOTS of
    skeletons, and send them in. As skeletons take damage,
    convert the most damaged one to wight and wraiths, and
    repeat.
    
    Protect your gold, metal, and crystal mines. You need those
    to transform skeletons into tougher units, and to make more
    skeletons
    
    Put thralls and zombies into mines to pump them for maximum
    output.
    
    Spread tombstones ALL OVER the landscape, in small groups of
    4-5, or build them in tight-neat rows of 20-40 (if you have
    enough resources).
    
    Constantly send groups of skeletons and wights to enemy
    camps. You'll wear them down.
    
    Use giant bats to raid enemy buildings and as air defense. A
    group of them can destroy buildings easily, and can go
    anywhere fast. Repairing buildings use up resources too.
    Raid enemy mines is also a good idea.
    
    Use slavehorde to call up thralls, then kill them, then
    salvage them as zombies. You can also use Feast of Garok to
    scavenge resources with the zombies.
    
    If your hero is a necromancer, you can help by summoning
    thralls, zombies and vampires, which costs just mana, not
    resources.
    
    Use vampirism to make your units survive longer.
    
    
    11.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Playing undead needs LOTS of gold, metal, and crystals. If
    you can deny undead their resources, you have half the
    battle won already, as they can't upgrade, and you can
    defeat skeletons easy enough.
    
    Raid enemy mines, either convert them or wreck them. They
    don't have that many units that can convert early on except
    their hero, and the more the hero needs to convert, the less
    he can raid you.
    
    Use units with crushing attacks to defend against skeletons.
    
    
    
    12   Race Analysis: Barbarians
       
    Overall: Barbarians are a "rush" race. They are strong early
    on but fades out at higher levels of upgrades. Your plan is
    to get cavalry ready, then produce a large group of riders
    (8-12) and rush the enemy camp ASAP.
    
    Later in the game, you need to get Altar up quickly, and
    research Berserk, Jihad, and so on. That will help you
    continue the rush and make your units last a little longer.
    Don't defend... attack! Don't forget to get some corral
    upgrades to make your cavalry do more damage also.
    
    NOTE: Don't forget the "razing bonus"... You get 100 gold
    per razed building.
    
    
    12.1  BARBARIAN UNITS
    
    General: The Reaver is a very good melee unit, and can kill
    other level 5 units. On the other hand, it has low armor,
    and you don't get it until late game (keep level 5).
    
    Cavalry: the barbarian riders can be quickly mass-produced
    and excellent for "rush" attacks. However, they have weak HP
    and weak attack. The speed upgrades helps, as does the
    "shield of Sartek" upgrades. Won't work against humans, of
    course. Remember about Pikemen's bonus!
    
    Archer: Barbarian (spearman) has carry-through damage, which
    is useful against a "horde" of targets. On the other hand,
    they are relatively weak compared to other archers.
    
    Infantry: Technically Barbarians use minotaurs as infantry,
    and that's a level 4 upgrade... Rely on cavalry early on.
    Minotaurs are pretty slow, but relatively sturdy (and
    expensive).
    
    Worker: Thralls are quite weak and easily killed, but at
    least they're cheap to make.
    
    Spellcaster: none
    
    Siege unit: none
    
    Air units: Eagle can only attack buildings and other fliers,
    so if you want to build some, send them out as guerilla
    attacks. Those without some towers or archers will have
    problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is to
    send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any).
    
    Pegasus is a decent flying unit, but not as good busting
    towers as griffons. Still, in a herd they can do a LOT of
    damage.
    
    
    12.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Horsemaster / Horselord / Rearing / Trampling (from corral),
    makes cavalry that much more effective, both speed and
    combat. Speed is not critical, but combat is.
    
    Magical tattoos (from altar), adding armor is always good
    
    Jihad (from altar), makes units cheaper
    
    Berserk (from altar), limited duration enhancement to combat
    
    
    12.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Barbarians need to rush early and rush often. Build up a set
    of cavalry, say 8-12 of them, and send them to deny enemy
    resources and raid enemy camps. If you can wipe out their
    keep they will be severely set back (not to mention decrease
    their unit count!)  If they have NO builders left, they have
    to use their hero to rebuild!
    
    
    12.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Barbarians are pretty easy to defeat if you can survive
    their early rushes. Have towers set up with overlapping
    fields of fire and good missile fire.
    
    They need ore and stone so deny them that. They don't have
    much upgrades so if you can get to level 3 keep they are
    
    
    
    13   Race Analysis: Orcs
       
    Overall: Orcs are pretty much average. While they aren't as
    strong as the Barbarians early on, they don't "fade" like
    the Barbarians at higher levels of development. Research
    those Arena upgrades and such to get improved infantry. Get
    henge up and running so you can research shamans and build
    some totems as defense. Build those orc huts to quickly
    raise your army limit.
    
    NOTE: Orcs are more susceptible to psych effects (lasting
    50% longer) which means psych creatures like Unicorn,
    Dragons, etc. are very effective.
    
    NOTE: Orcs are immune to disease and poison.
    
    NOTE: Orcs cannot repair buildings. If it's damaged, it
    stays damaged.
    
    NOTE: Orcs have a razing bonus... Every razed building
    provides 100 stone.
    
    NOTE: Orc basilisks, when killing someone, gains 100 stone
    if the attack was successful (i.e. target was killed)
    
    
    13.1  ORC UNITS
    
    Generals: Giants are not really worth their cost. They are
    big, but they don't have that much hit points. They can
    throw things, and can convert things, but that's about it.
    
    Cavalry: Wolf Riders can carry disease, which can do quite a
    bit of damage for follow-up attacks. However, it needs
    upgrades.
    
    Archers: Troll doesn't fire fast enough or cause quite
    enough damage, unless you find a sheep or two. Still, trolls
    have a lot of HPs, so if you have a group of them they will
    do damage. That means you need more than one dungeon.
    
    Basilisks are decent attackers as well and attack from a
    distance. Mix them in with wolf riders and enjoy.
    
    NOTE: When basilisk kills something, you get bonus amount of
    stones!
    
    Infantry: Orcs can be produced relatively quickly, and later
    upgrades keep them in the game.
    
    Goblins are too weak individually, but can be mass-produced
    and are reasonably fast for raids and such.
    
    Ogre can do both ground and air attacks, and is physically
    intimidating.
    
    Spellcasters: Goblin Shaman has some decent spells he can
    bring up.
    
    Workers: kobold causes poison if successfully hit, but
    otherwise is a normal "worker".
    
    Siege units: none
    
    Air units: Giant Bats can only attack buildings and other
    fliers, so if you want to build some, send them out as
    guerilla attacks. Those without some towers or archers will
    have problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is
    to send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any). These are cheap (compared to eagles) and you can crank
    more them out faster.
    
    Harpy causes poison, and can drain mana, which makes them
    useful against other spellcasters and large groups. However,
    they are vulnerable to other fliers. Send other fliers to
    escort them on their attack runs.
    
    
    13.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    No Pain! (from arena), resistant to missile attacks
    
    Cowards! (from arena), double damage to missile/archer units
    
    Thump! (from arena), +10 damage for ogres
    
    Rabies (from cave), adds disease to wolfriders
    
    Shaman (from henge), allows shaman and totems
    
    
    13.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    You get scout towers early, so consider an early rush of
    goblins. While they are relatively easy to kill, you can
    build a LOT of them with just a couple scout towers. Goblins
    already carry disease, which can soften up the enemies for
    later attacks. Send them in from different directions so you
    can be sure of infecting different armies. If you can poison
    the enemy hero, yahoo!
    
    Safeguard any quarries nearby. You needs LOTS of stone.
    While some can be generated by basilisks, it's not
    guaranteed.
    
    Build up to level 2 and put down many (at least 5) caves to
    produce wolfriders and/or basilisks. Then upgrade them, and
    use them to rush the enemy base. With extreme high speed (up
    to 19), they are excellent
    
    Send Wolfrider with "disease" to attack enemy heroes. They
    have high speed needed to chase down heroes, and disease, if
    not cured, makes hero VERY easy to kill.
    
    Build Eyries (at least 3?) and send in LOTS of bats, to raid
    mines, enemy buildings, and as air defense (if necessary).
    
    Use orc huts to block off the parts of base you wish to
    protect. They increase your army limit as well as give you a
    bit of "wall".
    
    Basilisks kill things and produce stones, which helps make
    more trolls. So send trolls and basilisks together!
    
    Use basilisk to kill animals on the map to get even MORE
    stone.
    
    
    13.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Orc need a LOT of stones. If you can deny them the early
    need of stones, and don't let the basilisks generate more
    stones, you can win.
    
    Orcs are weak against fire and magic damage.
    
    Deny the orcs of their "razing bonus" by destroying the
    building yourself (Ctrl-D) when it's almost dead.
    
    Undead is immune to disease and poison of the Orcs.
    
    Flyers are good against orcs as orcs don't have many anti-
    air units except giants, ogres, trolls, and shamans. All are
    late-game units. Bats are too weak.
    
    Elf should build towers against orcs, as those shoot "magic
    balls".
    
    
    
    14   Race Analysis: Minotaurs
       
    Overall: Miinotaur starts strong, but does not get that many
    upgrades. They have NO archers and NO infantry, so they are
    pretty slow and melee only. The lack of "healing" hurts as
    well, and if you raise sheep, that counts against your army
    limit. However, the ability to build an Inn and get morale
    bonus as well as dwarven brew helps in combat. You need to
    get some units out and attack early on. The power graph
    basically is high in the middle, fades in mid-game, and
    rises up at the end due to Minotaur kings.
    
    NOTE: minotaur is resistance to chaos, but if it takes hold,
    it doubles in duration.
    
    NOTE: minotaur has razing bonus... every destroyed building
    yields 100 metal/ore.
    
    NOTE: minotaur can only heal /cure by eating sheep,
    including minotaur heroes.
    
    
    14.1  MINOTAUR UNITS
    
    General: The Minotaur King is an awesome unit. Two of them
    can kill a dragon (yes, they can hit air units) and costs
    less (and builds in less time). Eat some animals to heal,
    and if you can get some vampirism spell on them, they are
    perfect raiders.
    
    Cavalry: none
    
    Archers: none
    
    Infantry: the basic minotaur is a decent melee fighter with
    crushing damage.
    
    Spellcaster: Goblin shaman is same as orcs.
    
    Worker: Thrall is easily killed.
    
    Siege Unit: battering ram and catapults are available.
    
    Air units: Giant Bats can only attack buildings and other
    fliers, so if you want to build some, send them out as
    guerilla attacks. Those without some towers or archers will
    have problems dealing with them. Another way to use them is
    to send them out and destroy enemy mines. Thus, you gain the
    resources, and the enemy has to get out there and convert
    them again (not to mention they lose the workers inside, if
    any). These are cheap (compared to eagles) and you can crank
    more them out faster.
    
    Griffons are decent fliers, comparable to Pegasus with just
    minor differences. With a group of them you can wipe out a
    lot of towers.
    
    
    14.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Shield of Sartek (I and II) (from Smithy), increases
    protection
    
    ____ of Sartek (from Ziggurat, all levels), all enhances
    your warriors in some way
    
    Dwarven brew (from inn), gives temporary enhancements to
    your units
    
    Farseeing (from scout tower), the only other race with this
    ability other than Wood Elves, tremendous advantage to see
    the whole map
    
    Berserk (from altar), gives unit temporary advantage in
    combat
    
    
    14.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Get two ziggurats up ASAP, and build a full set of thralls
    to reinforce each and every mine you find. You need ore and
    stone mines nearby. Build arenas and start cranking out
    units. Keep one keep on research and upgrades, and the other
    keep to make more thralls. Use those to explore the world
    for more mines. Your hero should be converting more mines as
    well.
    
    Add corrals to make basilisks, and start with a smithy for
    upgrades. Make a force of basilisks and minotaurs, and send
    them to raid enemy camp, mainly to kill enemy armies so you
    can get more stone.
    
    Make eyries and start making air defense forces. Make towers
    as defense, and start making ballistas as harrassment units.
    Send those in and go after enemy mines and buildings along
    with air units.
    
    Build shamans when you get to keep level 4 and put them in
    towers as air defense. Keep harassing the enemy with
    ballistas and minotaurs and basilisks. Save the rest of the
    resources for upgrade to keep level 5.
    
    Once keep level 5 has been reached, send most of your ground
    units in and rush the enemy base. You need to reduce your
    head count so you can make minotaur kings. After that,
    minotaur kings will rule the battlefield.
    
    
    14.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Do NOT allow Minotaur players to survive to keep level 5. If
    they can get that high, minotaur kings are hard to kill
    (except maybe by Barbarian Reavers)
    
    Control minotaurs by taking away their resources... ore and
    stone. If they can't upgrade early, they won't survive to
    the point of making minotaur kings.
    
    Missile/archer and spellcaster units can kill minotaur
    kings, if there are enough of them.
    
    
    
    15   Race Analysis: High Elves
       
    Overall: High elves needs LOTS of crystals, and being the
    only elves with "market" helps a lot in that regard as you
    can research "trade" as you get that at tower level 2. Wood
    elves have to wait until tower level 3, and dark elves have
    none! Having the healer building also helps. Cathedral and
    dragon shrine helps you create some of the heftier units.
    
    NOTE: High elves get slight combat bonus in day time
    
    NOTE: High elves are immune to fear and terror, which means
    they remain effective against daemons and dragons.
    
    NOTE: High elves have NO resistance against poison and
    disease, which makes Orcs their natural enemy.
    
    NOTE: High elves are the only ones who can build ALL types
    of ships.
    
    
    15.1  HIGH ELVEN UNITS
    
    General: Moonguard is a very weak level 5 unit, when
    compared to other level 5 units. The multi-target shot are
    not that useful unless being swamped by multiple small
    targets, and then only with some powerful archery range
    upgrades.
    
    Cavalry: Dragon Knights can hit both ground and air units,
    and with bonus, can actually take on dragons. However, it is
    a late level unit and requires a lot of buildings to
    produce.
    
    Unicorn is a decent cavalry as it causes psych effects on
    the targets. It's a little expensive though.
    
    Archer: longbow is okay, arguably one of the top missile
    units, probably third after dwarf crossbow and wood elf
    glenwarden.
    
    High Elves can also summon imp, whish is a decent missile
    unit but uses up a lot of crystals.
    
    Ancient wisp can also perform as a long-range attacker, but
    is actually closer to a spellcaster than a missile user.
    
    Infantry: Iceguard is decent, but nothing too fancy about
    them.
    
    Spellcaster: Mystic is okay, nothing too special about them.
    
    Worker: Wisp and Ancient wisp cost a LOT of crystals, and
    CANNOT be put into mines.
    
    Air Units: Phoenix is an interesting early raider. It can
    shoot small fireballs, and it can CONVERT enemy buildings
    and mines. So send them out and use them to convert mines
    that no one will reach early on. Having the scout tower
    "farseeing" skill really helps as you can send phoenix to
    where the enemy is NOT.
    
    Pegasus is a decent flying unit, but not as good busting
    towers as griffons. Still, in a herd they can do a LOT of
    damage.
    
    
    15.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Healing (I, II, and III) (from healer) enhances natural
    healing rates
    
    Elcor's Balm (from healer) heals everybody immediately
    
    Trade (from market) trade resources from one type to another
    and solves shortages
    
    Dragon Warriors (from Dragon Shrine), gives iceguards +10
    damage
    
    Knights of the Dragon (I, II, and III) (from Dragon Shrine),
    gives BIG combat bonuses, AND increases damage against
    dragons, but only for dragon knights
    
    Licorn (from Magic Pool), gives unicorns +10 damage, makes
    them more useful
    
    
    15.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    High elves are late-bloomers. They shine when level 4 keep
    is made, which is when they get dragon knights and unicorns.
    This, combined with pegasus, makes for a potent combo
    that'll have you drowning in hooves. Early on, they're
    pretty weak, and rely on towers and longbow to hold enemies
    at bay.
    
    Iceguard is not THAT good, and longbow is just "okay". So
    high elf defenses are not quite as strong as the humans. Use
    natural terrain, and build up towers to hold your resources.
    Build up some units to man defenses, concentrate on growing
    your keep and build better units instead of on building more
    units.
    
    Dragon shrine is important, so you basically have to survive
    until that gets made (which is only level 3!)  The level 4
    unicorns also help a lot, as they cause awe in most units.
    
    Consider sending phoenix out to convert enemy mines and
    buildings, and as "explorers" to open up the map. You can
    both deny enemy resources and gain your own. Against enemies
    without many conversion units, this is invaluable.
    
    
    15.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    High elves rely on market (convert resources), dragon shrine
    (dragon knights), and cathedral (other upgrades). Destroy
    any of them would help a lot.
    
    Early rush against high elves can work, esp. if they have no
    existing towers.
    
    Rush high elves early with tower-busting units. Don't let
    them reach level 3 and they won't be dangerous.
    
    Standard advice: take away their resources. Raid mines and
    destroy them.
    
    
    15.5  RACE ANALYSIS: WOOD ELVES
    
    Overall: wood elves rely on their archers and treants. They
    have the most archery range upgrades, and the white tree
    makes treants even more dangerous. White tree also produces
    pixies and sprites (at cost of more crystals). The problem
    with wood elves is you are going to be SEVERELY short on
    crystals until you can build an inn and accumulate enough to
    research "trade".
    
    NOTE: wood elves have bonus against fear and terror
    
    NOTE: wood elves have penalties against poison and disease
    (extra susceptible)
    
    
    15.6  WOOD ELVEN UNITS
    
    General: The dryads are some of the fastest units in the
    game, and great for hit-and-run conversion attacks on enemy
    resources, esp. with 25% faster conversion built-in.
    However, it has no firepower, and should be set to
    "cowardly" unless part of a group. It can be produced very
    quickly (compared to other level 5 creatures) and thus can
    provide a lot of firepower.
    
    Cavalry: Woodrider is average, not too many HPs.
    
    Archer: Gladewarden is one of the best archers in the
    business, but only after all the upgrades.
    
    Sprites at higher levels can be a good substitute for
    Gladewarden, with higher speed and ability to fly over
    obstacles.
    
    Infantry: you get forest guard and treants. While forest
    guard is just "normal", treants are big and tough units that
    can take a lot of punishment, but it's also quite slow.
    
    Treants can also build, and can be enhanced by doing some
    research at the White Tree.
    
    Spellcaster: Druid has some decent magic, but no HPs to
    absorb any hits.
    
    Siege units: none
    
    Workers: standard wisps and ancient wisps, enough said. They
    cannot be put into mines, and you need like 300 units of
    crystal to make an ancient wisp.
    
    NOTE: Treants are considered builders as well, and causes
    FEAR. It can also cast "entangle", which slows the target
    down.
    
    Air Units: Phoenix is an interesting early raider. It can
    shoot small fireballs, and it can CONVERT enemy buildings
    and mines. So send them out and use them to convert mines
    that no one will reach early on. Having the scout tower
    "farseeing" skill really helps as you can send phoenix to
    where the enemy is NOT.
    
    Griffons are decent fliers, comparable to Pegasus with just
    minor differences. With a group of them you can wipe out a
    lot of towers.
    
    
    15.7  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Healing (1-3) and Elcor's Balm (from healer), enhances
    healing rates
    
    Farseeing (from scout tower), reveals everything on the map,
    and just need some gold, a tremendous advantage.
    
    Bowmaster (from archery range), gives extra damage to
    gladewardens
    
    Trade (from inn), solves resource shortages
    
    Thorns / Ironbark / Mighty Oaks (from White Tree), makes
    Trenants that much more dangerous
    
    
    15.8  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Wood Elves have speed and range, and thus are perfect for
    guerilla attacks, except Treant. They don't have much
    hitpoints though, except treant, which is VERY slow.
    
    Treant is best left home as defensive unit who can also help
    you build things. They can be used as a "moving wall" of
    sorts to keep the enemy at bay while the gladewardens
    perforate them with arrows.
    
    Get out there and claim gold and crystals, and work on
    defense, defense, and defense. You need to create enough
    treants and Griffons / Sprites / Imps to create the crushing
    force.
    
    Griffons takes just stone and gold, the two things Wood
    Elves don't really need (or just needs less), so make lots
    of them.
    
    Get Farseeing, and use that to direct your war effort.
    
    Send out Phoenix to raid enemy resources.
    
    Send out large flocks of Phoenix to raze enemy armies and
    resources, esp. armies that have lousy anti-air, such as
    Orcs and Minotaurs.
    
    Build many white trees in order to build up a large flock of
    pixies and trenants. White trees can often be hidden in
    forests away from your main camp.
    
    
    15.9  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Wood Elves need crystals, so if you can control the mines,
    you got the game half won.
    
    Take out the inn, and they can't exchange resources.
    
    Take out the tower, and they can't do Farseeing.
    
    Keep archers around mines to protect them from Phoenixes.
    Two to three of them should be enough, but if he sends
    larger groups you'll have problems.
    
    Don't let them get up to keep level 4, which is where they
    can make treants, and/or get upgrades for it.
    
    
    
    16   Race Analysis: Dark Elves
       
    Overall: Dark Elves need their spells to survive, and uses a
    LOT of crystals. Their combat units are not quite up to par.
    On the other hand, their ability to build tombs and
    gravestones means they can send out hordes of skeletons.
    They can also put zombies into mines to work. This makes
    them bloom later in the game due to upgrades with the
    Dungeon (slavehorde, Blood Potion, and Dark Order), and
    Altar (Summon Mana, Sacrifice, Sorcery, and Darkbolt). Of
    course, those research will cost you resources and time.
    
    NOTE: Dark elves get a combat bonus fighting a night.
    
    NOTE: Dark elves are immune to fear.
    
    NOTE: Dark elves are extra susceptible to awe (double
    duration)
    
    
    16.1  DARK ELVEN UNITS
    
    General: One trick to use with Dark Elves is to use the
    blackguards as assassination units. Use the "invisibility"
    spell to get through enemy territory, then attack a unit
    that is slightly apart from the rest. Otherwise, they are
    quite "normal".
    
    Cavalry: Dark Riders are below average
    
    Archer: Dark archer is slightly weaker than their other
    elven bretherens.
    
    Imp is a decent missile unit, but takes a lot of crystals.
    
    Ancient wisp, which is also a worker, does decent damage. It
    also generates crystals as a level 1 crystal mine. Of
    course, it takes 100 crystals to fuse 4 wisps into an
    ancient wisp.
    
    Infantry: Dark infantry is quite weak, and not really up to
    the task of direct combat.
    
    Assassins, on the other hand, are interesting. They have a
    chance to assassinate a target outright. They can also
    poison . With speed 16 they are quite fast and can chase
    down most other units. Of course, they are expensive.
    
    Worker: Wisp is okay, but you can't reinforce mines with
    them. You can only spend 100 cyrstal and combine 4 of them
    into an ancient wisp, which actually eats more crystal,
    since it takes almost 50 crystal to make each wisp to start
    with. How long do you keep an ancient wisp just to make back
    300 units of crystal?
    
    On the other hand, ancient wisp has a longer attack range,
    does more damage, and has more hitpoints.
    
    Spellcaster: Sorcerer does pretty nasty damage, but can't
    receive any damage.
    
    Siege unit: none
    
    Air Units: Phoenix is an interesting early raider. It can
    shoot small fireballs, and it can CONVERT enemy buildings
    and mines. So send them out and use them to convert mines
    that no one will reach early on. Having the scout tower
    "farseeing" skill really helps as you can send phoenix to
    where the enemy is NOT.
    
    Harpy causes poison, and can drain mana, which makes them
    useful against other spellcasters and large groups. However,
    they are vulnerable to other fliers. Send other fliers to
    escort them on their attack runs.
    
    
    16.2  CRITICAL SKILLS TO RESEARCH
    
    Burial (from tomb), you need skeletons, and lots of them
    
    Black Ward (1-3) (from tomb), adds a lot of "resistance"
    
    Blood potion / Dark Order (from dungeon), adds to assassin's
    chance of assassination
    
    Darkbolt (from altar), +10 damage for sorcerers
    
    Sacrifice (from altar), sacrifice units and see if you're
    lucky enough to summon a daemon to fight for you...  The
    more you sacrifice, the more likely you'll get a daemon...
    
    
    16.3  OVERALL STRATEGY
    
    Dark Elves is an interesting mix between Undead and Elven
    tech tree.
    
    Early on, get skeletons and use them to rush, while you keep
    building your force. Build infantry and archer to defend the
    place, but don't build too many. The skeleton should keep
    the enemies busy. Upgrade all the way to keep level 3, which
    should allow you to work on Altar and Dungeon.
    
    Send out phoenixes and raid enemy mines. Use thralls and/or
    zombies to explore the landscape. Send out some zombies to
    raid enemy camps and see if you can spread disease.
    
    Upgrade to keep level 4, and you get harpy, which is a
    decent air unit that can drain enemy mana and such.
    
    Start cranking out assassins, which should become your best
    units. Send a group of them to take out the enemy hero
    and/or lone units. Get those upgrades done for assassins as
    well. Send them on raids.
    
    Try to research sacrifice and see if you can get daemon to
    help you with you war...
    
    
    16.4  HOW TO DEFEAT
    
    Dark elves have lousy defensive units, and rely on their
    hero for early defense, esp. with spells.  So if you can
    rush them early (whatever early cavalry and such) you can
    take them.
    
    Even in mid to end-level they still have relatively lousy
    units. Take them out in early stages of the game would help.
    
    
    
    17   Campaign Walkthru
       
    The single-player campaign is human-only, no other races
    allowed.
    
    
    17.1  CHAPTER 1 : THE PROPHECY
    
    You should review the Intro movie before starting. Note what
    the white mage said... "Navarre".
    
    
    17.1.1     Undead Patrol
         
    Briefing: Patrol the area for Undead and eliminate all of
    them. The forces you start with are all you got, no
    reinforcements, no building. Don't lose any one of the
    special characters (Robert, Minos, and your hero).
    
    Map Layout: there is that "gap" to the north which is
    guarded by a Liche with nice fireball spells, beyond which
    are multiple groups of skeletons and an Undead hero.
    
    TIP: Minos and Robert are a bit weak to be risked in direct
    combat, unless you keep them out the thick of things, and
    have a white mage on stand-by to do "group heal"...
    
    Pick EVERYBODY and send them ALL through the gap at TOP
    speed, not the "slowest army" speed. (You know the key to
    issue THAT order, right?) You should only lose one or two
    from that Lich on the eastern cliff of the gap.
    
    Once you're out of range of the Liche, find a good spot and
    line up the pikemen up front, squires (and Robert and you)
    in the back. Set the group to guardian attitude (do NOT
    move).
    
    Send Minos out to lure the groups of skeletons, as few as
    possible, back to the group in ambush.
    
    Repeat until you clean out the map of the skeletons. Realign
    and move the formation as you see fit.
    
    Now head east, then south onto that "plateau" of the gap,
    and take out that Lich.  Voila! You win!
    
    
    17.1.2     Base Camp
         
    Briefing: You need to establish a base camp, which means a
    level 3 keep. However, you don't have enough "stones" to do
    it, and there are no quarries near you.
    
    Map Layout: To the east are many Orcs. Wandering bands
    (including 1 hero) will attack you, plus occasional bands of
    goblins, easily dispatched. There's a river to north and
    east, and Ogres, Orcs, and Trolls guard the bridges. Many
    resources to south (gold mines and ore mines). Quarries to
    the north.
    
    TIP: Again, Minos and Robert are a bit weak to be risked in
    direct combat. They are best used as a scout, as Robert's
    "View: 13" can be used to spot enemies without himself being
    spotted.
    
    Starting Retinue: A white mage can help here, as can a
    peasant or two to build things while your hero convert the
    mines.
    
    You can immediately start building your level 1 keep. Let
    the Peasant do it, while your hero hurry south and convert
    the mines there. Line up the pikemen just east of the keep
    and put the squires behind them in standard defense
    formation. Set them all to "guardian" attitude.
    
    If you see some stone carts, great! That will immediately
    allow you to go onto level 2 keep once you mine enough gold.
    If not, you may have to do a little exploration.
    
    Once your keep is up, immediately build 8 MORE peasants and
    send them into the gold mine. You will need a LOT of gold to
    keep building.
    
    Take your hero, Minos, and a couple guards (few pikemen and
    few squires) and start heading north. Convert the gold mine
    about half way up the map, take resource cart there.
    However, don't bother defending it. You're after stone, not
    gold. If the enemy hero comes attacking, just let that mine
    be converted.
    
    Keep going north, stay as far west as you can. There are 3
    Orcs at a gap to the east, but if you stay west they won't
    see you. Go north until you're at the river. Now go east
    until you see the bridge.
    
    Line up in defense formation, guardian attitude, then use
    Minos to lure one or two guards from the bridge. Take care
    of them. Repeat for the other guards (including the ogre).
    Now march across the bridge, go east, and you got your own
    quarry for stone. Convert it. As you only need less than 300
    rock there's no need to reinforce it with peasants. Just
    leave a couple guards near the bridge, though I doubt any
    one will attack you there. A couple goblins will come
    attacking, though you can defeat them easily.
    
    Feel free to try the Mausoleum before returning the hero to
    the main camp. It's probably a riddle. If you get it you
    will probably get a wraith.
    
    In the meanwhile, now that you got a steady income of rocks,
    you have a choice. You can build a barracks and get a couple
    more kills by lining up a more impressive defense, or you
    can just hurry and build level 3 keep before the Orcs mount
    a serious attack.
    
    With the hero's help, you should be able to repel the Orc
    attacks and get your level 3 keep up and running. Once you
    do that, you win!
    
    
    17.1.3    Rescuing Elana
         
    Briefing: Keep Elana and the other special characters safe
    for 30 minutes from continual Orc assault.
    
    Map Layout: You have the southwest portion of the map. The
    middle and northeast are Orc territory, blocked off by
    mountains, and they have heavy tower presence.
    
    Starting Retinue: A white mage can help here, as can a
    peasant or two to build things while your hero convert the
    mines.
    
    Your objective is survival, not annihilation of the enemy.
    
    Basically, this is a building contest. Immediately convert
    ALL the mines near you (there would be at least one of every
    type around) and pluck down the palace, then barracks,
    smithy, upgrade the palace, pluck down stables and archery
    range... Start researching those "skills" in smithy to
    upgrade your units ASAP. Keep Elana, Robert, and Minos out
    of the way. You don't need them to defend.
    
    You will need LOTS of gold, so immediately start building
    peasants, 8 to each gold mine, to help accelerate growth.
    Then build 8 more peasants and send them to the crystal
    mine. You will need plenty of crystal to research flaming
    arrows. Keep upgrading palaces. You need knights ASAP, but
    don't forget pikemen and squires.
    
    Upgrade and research more skills any time you can. You don't
    need EEyries or Eagles. You will need more pikemen and
    squires. Definitely research flaming arrows when you can.
    You may not get enough time to build lots of knights, but
    definitely build some mercenaries. Towers may help, but eat
    up a LOT of stones.
    
    You don't need to explore as enemy will come to you. Don't
    attack them unless you have defeated the final 3-wave
    attack. Even then, it's not necessary.
    
    Orcs will attack you in waves of alternating Orcs and
    Goblins (who can poison). However, if you have enough
    pikemen and squire you should lose few/no units at all. Use
    your white mage to cure any poisoned units.
    
    With about 5 minutes to go, the BIG attack will come... A
    large swarm of goblins, followed by a large swarm of orcs,
    then finally a large swarm of harpies (bats?). If you've
    built up the units as suggested, then this should be no
    problem at all. Those flaming arrows kill things really
    dead.
    
    Once the timer expires, you win!
    
    
    17.1.4    Elana (Video)
         
    You've found Elana, and the deceased Master Goodwine. Elana
    knows nothing about the two tears, unfortunately. However,
    she does know Goodwine's fellow wizard, Aelfwine, who may be
    able to help...
    
    
    17.1.5     Gap of Palmyr
         
    Briefing: You need to penetrate the "Gap of Palmyr", which
    is Minotaur country. There are NO armies of yours on the map
    except what you brought as your retinue.
    
    Map Layout: Again, you start in the southwest corner, and
    this map is quite a bit bigger. There are TWO enemy camps...
    A small one to the northeast, and a big one to the
    northwest. There is a shrine to east on the road, and a
    mausoleum east of that, almost to the edge.
    
    Starting Retinue: A peasant or two to build things while
    your hero convert the mines. Bring a general (white mage?)
    to help convert things, and to heal troops.
    
    There are two ways to do this. If you are fast, you can RUSH
    the enemy. Yes, rush. Or you can build really fast and hope
    those basilisks and minotaurs don't kill you first.
    
    Rush strategy is as follows: Both you and enemy start with
    nothing, but computer builds a lot faster than you could. So
    start with 1 peasant, 1 general, and multiple squires. Start
    building, while your hero and white mage convert all the
    nearby resources. Group Robert, Minos, and the squires, and
    send them north through the gap, past the towers. And start
    destroying EVERY mine you can find. This will cripple their
    production, so you won't even be attacked at your main camp.
    
    Rush strategy means you have to use those characters like
    Robert and Minos, and if they die, you lose. Be VERY careful
    using them. When used right, they will give you the initial
    advantage.
    
    While your "task force" goes forth and conquers, your hero
    and peasant are busy building more structures and more units
    to keep things running. Send forth some reinforcements from
    your camp to replace losses. Consider sending the hero
    and/or white mage forward and use peasants to build. Beware
    of "infiltrators", occasional thrall or such that try to
    build in your territory. Occasionally enemies may also send
    bats or harpies on an end-run attack.
    
    Keep converting or destroying enemy buildings.  Get the hero
    into the middle of the town while the rest of you take out
    the towers. Take out one, then the other town (the one to
    west is much larger than this small one across that little
    bridge). Convert works much better... Go after defense
    towers and the rest of town becomes vulnerable.
    
    If you got seriously hurt, back off and group heal. Your
    main camp should be building more units and some towers to
    help you secure the gap. Retreat your task force all the way
    to your towers if needed.
    
    Repeat until the Minotaur threat has been eliminated.
    
    Build Strategy: You need 2 or more peasants in your starting
    force. Secure the gap by moving your entire party east, past
    the shrine, and build near the gap. If you build to west the
    units will take too long to plug the gap. Instead, build
    your keep and such near the gap. Start with palace and two
    towers. Use your white mage and hero to convert some
    quarries to get some rocks and such and keep things
    supplied. Keep the forces between the gap and your
    buildings. Build up the base and keep converting more
    resources. If Minotaurs attack, send white mage in to heal
    your defenders.
    
    Once the gap is secured (two or more towers), add one tower
    near each group of mines. You will see some bats sneak
    through, and the towers with squires will take care of them.
    Add some squires and spread them out just in case other bats
    sneak through. Keep that gap secure! Enemy has two heroes
    that will attack, along with minotaurs and basilisks. They
    may also sneak some bats through, along with occasional
    thralls that will attempt to build south of the gap in your
    territory.
    
    To prevent the thralls from establishing a foothold on your
    side of map, send out squires in groups of 2 and explore the
    map on your side. Have a reaction force ready to deal with
    any interlopers.
    
    Now it's time to really build your army up. Build
    everything... Cathedral, knights, research everything,
    upgrade to level 4 keep and build the library and train some
    white mages. Then build up the army you've always dreamed of
    and blast them all!
    
    Start building attack groups of knights, squires, and a
    white mage (to keep them healed). A group of 4 knights, 6
    squires, and a white mage is nearly unstoppable.
    
    
    17.1.6    Aelfwine
         
    Briefing: Elana needs to locate Aelfwine, who's in the caves
    to the northeast corner. You must get Elana to the door of
    the cave.
    
    Map Layout: You start on the southwest corner again. There
    are minotaurs to the north, and orcs to the east.
    
    Starting Units: 1 peasant, your white mage, the rest in
    pikemen and squires
    
    The Minotaurs are dug in with towers, but the orcs are not,
    so you should attack the orcs first.
    
    Start building palace, then barracks. You need some
    reinforcements ASAP. Send your hero and white mage out to
    convert those resources, expand EAST, NOT north. North means
    it you get the attention of the minotaurs, which is bad, as
    you are not ready for them.
    
    Expand east, and you'll see more resources. Convert those as
    well. Send hero back to camp. Send white mage, along with
    your "strike group" east. Consider using a peasant to "wall
    off" the northern part to help you defend against minotaur
    raids, if any. Don't forget to add towers and such.
    
    Continue east, and slight north, and you'll see the
    mausoleum. Northeast of that is the Orc camp. If you see the
    Orc hero, kill it ASAP. Keep building units and blast or
    convert the orc camp. Remember, converting those buildings,
    even if you can't use them, raises your army limit. Blast
    any defense towers, then convert everything. Don't chase the
    orcs too far though, you don't want to attract the attention
    of the minotaurs yet.
    
    Once you've defeated the orcs, the minotaurs may be getting
    restless. While you deal with the Orc camp, build towers to
    help you defend the area. Upgrade to knights and such and
    build up your forces, repulse any attacks. Upgrade to level
    4 keep. Research all the good stuff (you should have all the
    resources you need now).
    
    Watch for any thralls and such that escaped the onslaught.
    They may try to build near you. Attack and destroy them.
    
    When you build up a good attack force, go north from the
    camp and destroy any minotaurs and basilisks nearby. Then
    head north through the gap, and convert those resources. Be
    sure you have a GOOD force, as you will see some minotaur
    kings soon, which are REALLY nasty. Once your force is
    ready, continue to the "gate", and blast it down. Then clean
    out ALL the minotaurs nearby... One's up on that "plaza" to
    northwest corner, others are near the northern edge.
    
    Once you've cleaned out the area, build some escorts and
    escort Elana north to the cave. You'll have to go north,
    then east, across the bridge.
    
    Once there, you find Aelfwine, and you are victorious!
    
    
    17.1.7    Return to Asgaard
         
    Briefing: You've located Aelfwine, and you need to return
    with him to Asgaard. There is a HORDE of undead in your way.
    If you can get someone to the gates of Asgaard, a troop of
    knights will come out and assist you. There is no
    construction in this mission.
    
    Map Layout: you start on the east side of the map, but the
    tower you need to go is on the west side, and in between are
    HORDES of undead, well over 200 total. However, all is NOT
    lost. Remember, undead have no brain.
    
    Starting Retinue: You REQUIRE a white mage for this. The
    rest can be a mix of pikemen and squires as you see fit.
    
    You get a few "reinforcements", peasants, when you visit
    each hut with your hero. In mobs, peasants can still be
    deadly.
    
    You will need to do the "Minos bait" routine. Line the
    peasants and pikemen and your hero up front. Squires
    (including Robert) and mages in the back (including Elana,
    Aelfwine, and your white mage). Set EVERYBODY to "guardian".
    Then send Minos forward to the bridge to "tease" a few
    skeletons over, and let the mages and such kill them. Repeat
    until you clear the bridge.
    
    Just across the bridge is the hard part... You must pass
    through this "valley", which has one tower on both north and
    south side, and a bunch of wraiths and skeletons near each
    tower, AND a force in the middle blocking you.
    
    Again, setup the "Minos Bait". Tease the blocking group
    toward your firepower. Repeat for those guarding the towers.
    If Minos gets hurt, use the white mage to heal him. Repeat
    until there are no more units around.
    
    Now RUSH the tower, either one is fine. You will lose
    several peasants, but you can take down the tower. You just
    need to take down one (I prefer the northern one). Keep
    everybody on the plateau. Line up the shooters on the "edge"
    (squires, mages), line up the peasants behind them to make
    SURE they don't move.
    
    Again, send Minos down and tease those undead units toward
    your firepower. Repeat until you clean out that road leading
    northwest toward Asgaard. This will take a white, but quite
    doable. If you need more peasants, you can find more huts to
    the south.
    
    As you reach the castle, a group of knights will appear in
    front of the gates. Just get Aelfwine to the gate and you're
    all done!
    
    
    17.1.8    Aelfwine's Arrival (Video)
         
    Cinematic: Aelfwine is working on translating the
    prophecy... All he can tell you is that the two meteors are
    called "two Tears" in the prophecy. The rest... Will have to
    wait.
    
    
    17.2  CHAPTER 2 : THE TWO TEARS
    
    
    17.2.1    Scouting the Land
         
    Briefing: Paridius has ordered you to scout the land in
    search of the origin of the Undead that is plaguing the
    area. You will take available units (Dwarf Runners and
    Squires) and locate the Undead "camp".
    
    Map Layout: You start in the southeast corner, where
    Esgaarde stands. There's a mountain range blocking off
    access to the north, with two passes, one east and one west.
    The undead camp is SOMEWHERE out there, lots of forests, no
    river.
    
    Starting Units: As you can't build, there is no reason to
    bring any peasants. Bring White Mage, plus some high-powered
    units for your offense.
    
    TIP: "Locate" the camp means get ONE unit inside the enemy
    camp. It doesn't matter if he dies 5 seconds later. As soon
    as you get one unit inside, you win. The question is... what
    constitutes a "camp"? But you'll know it when you see it.
    
    Group all your units into 1 group and start heading west.
    You can go north through the western pass. You will
    encounter some orcs (in ones and twos) in the forest. Just
    destroy them as you have so much firepower they won't last a
    second. Destroy any undead you see as well. You should be
    able to do this without losing any units. If you're not
    sure, have the group stand still and use Minos to lure the
    enemy back toward the group.
    
    Once you passed the mountain range, start exploring east.
    You are looking for two "magic mushroom circles" inside the
    forest. When your hero steps inside, one of them produces 2
    sprites, and the other 2 unicorns, both are good units
    (though unicorn is a lot better). Kill anyone in your way by
    luring them back to group.
    
    Once you found the unicorn, their higher speed make them the
    logical bait instead of Minos. They also have very good
    combat ratings.
    
    Return to the gate, and head directly north. When you start
    to see a tower or two, you're getting close to the Undead
    camp.
    
    You'll need to raze several towers, and you WILL lose units,
    but make them count, as you aren't getting any more units.
    When ready, send EVERYBODY in and wipe out the tower,
    preferably one alone by itself so no other tower can help.
    Use the unicorns as scouts. If they get hit, bring them back
    to be healed, then send them out again.
    
    Keep wiping out towers going north until you see a plateau,
    on top of which is the undead camp. Unfortunately, it has a
    liche, the undead hero, plus a HORDE of skeletons, plus a
    slayer knight and some wights (and a zombie or two). It also
    has two towers guarding the entrance. You need to basically
    CHARGE in there, wipe out two towers, and RETREAT to
    regroup. Heal everybody, then send in the unicorn as bait,
    tease the enemy units out for your group of squires and
    other shooters (including Elana and your white mage).
    
    This will require a LOT of patience, but it can be done.
    Repeat until the unicorn can enter the plateau, and you win!
    
    
    17.2.2    Orcgate
         
    Briefing: You need to find your way into the mountains of
    the north, which may contain some shards of the blue tear...
    However, the Orcgate is in the area, and the Undead are
    fighting with the Orcs... Destroy all of them.
    
    Map Layout: you have several mines to your east and west. To
    northeast are the Orcs and to northwest are the Undead.
    There's a mausoleum to the west. There's a chest to your
    east and west, which may or may not contain goodies.
    
    Retinue: You may want an eagle for initial scouting and
    early warning. The rest you can start with peasants and some
    pikemen and such.
    
    There really isn't much of a trick to this... Just build,
    build, and build! Just protect your mines against the
    occasional raids, and you can let the Orcs and the Undead
    fight each other while you grow all the way up to level 5
    keep and build the unstoppable army.
    
    On higher difficulty levels, you may need to take Elana's
    advice... Lure some units out of one camp into the other,
    and get out of the way and let them fight each other to
    death while you just to ready to clean up the mess. Send a
    suicide force as double-bait. Basically, keep them busy
    while you build up your army. Even if you send in a suicide
    team, go after their structures and such, even out the
    sides. If one side is stronger, attack that side, and lure
    the response to the other camp.
    
    If you start with an eagle, keep it near the middle to watch
    for raiders so you can rush units to respond. Keep building,
    building, building...
    
    When you think you destroyed everybody, but the game doesn't
    end, there's probably another thrall or such roaming the
    landscape trying to rebuild that one keep... Send out some
    eagles to scout for that last one, and blast it to pieces,
    and kill the thrall.
    
    
    17.2.3    The Blue Shard
         
    Briefing: You have gotten past the Orcgate, but the Undead
    is very strong here. You are surrounded on 3 sides by
    Undead. Defeat them and find their source of power (i.e. the
    blue shard)
    
    Map Layout: You start on the southern end of the map. Just
    north of you are 3 mausoleums. You have mines to east and
    west. To northeast, north, and northwest of you are the 3
    Undead camps. You need to defeat them all, and to claim the
    blue shard for yourself...
    
    Start by building up ASAP. You need level 2 palace to get
    stables up and running. You have a cathedral just west of
    you, so convert that and you can start building knights
    (yes, that fast). You don't really need Eyrie but the eagles
    help somewhat in scouting. However, enemy uses quite a few
    bats.
    
    Build, build, and build. Build multiple stables to get more
    knights out (3 at least). Put all the peasants you can into
    the mines to keep the gold coming. Keep upgrading the keep
    as you need more mages to sustain your combat. You will need
    quite a few pikemen and squires as you initial guards.
    Undead WILL raid you with heroes, wights, slayer knights,
    skeletons, bats, and zombies. I even saw a Daemon once. They
    come from both east and west, but only once through the
    middle. West side seems to attack more often.
    
    Defend yourself against the raids, and research those skills
    at the Cathedral like triple damage against undead and so
    on. Those knights will be unstoppable. Undead will be
    building as well... They will have built library and such.
    You can build catapults now so use those for long range
    demolition (beyond visible range!)  Just line up the troops
    in front of the catapult and wait...
    
    Clean out the entire map, convert all the mines to your
    side, then walk your hero up to that hole in the ground with
    the blue shard... He'll mumble something about taking it
    back to General Paridian, and you win!
    
    
    17.2.4    Translation (Video)
         
    Cinematic: Master Aelfwine has finally finished the
    translation... The two "Tears" are Navarre (white) and
    Lucifus (red). They bring great power, but great misfortune.
    They must be destroyed, but NOT by the hands of man. Such is
    the riddle...
    
    
    17.2.5    The Library
         
    Briefing: Locate the ancient library 2 days west from
    Esgaard Towers. Explore it with your hero and Elana. All
    special characters must survive.  No construction in this
    scenario.
    
    Map layout: You start in the east, west is unknown. To the
    south there is water. There is an island in the southeastern
    corner that has 4 special items you may wish to investigate.
    The library is on the northwestern corner.
    
    You have a long way to go. Between you and the destination
    are 3 orc heroes and their units. You can kill plenty of
    orcs on the way.
    
    Some may suggest going by sea. It's actually a bad idea
    since the beaches are ringed with towers and units. You will
    lose quite a few if you try it that way. You don't need to
    fight any towers if you go by land, and you shouldn't lose
    any units unless you encounter an Ogre or such nasty units
    throwing sheep and more.
    
    You have several friendly defense towers nearby. If you
    visit each one, you'll get pikemen and squires. Not all of
    them give you free units though.
    
    Convert the shipyard while you're at it. Even if you don't
    use it, why leave it to someone else? Build a ferry there
    and carry the hero to the island and grab those special
    items.
    
    Start by following the road and head west. When you see a
    road sign, follow the road sign. Avoid enemy towers. Use
    Minos as "scout". Lure Orcs back to your main group to be
    killed. Repeat as you make your way down the road. Avoid the
    towers.
    
    Eventually you make your way to the library. Robert remarks
    that the library is in ruins, and Orcs are all over it,
    including Ogre, Troll, hero, and goblins. Again, setup your
    group in ambush, then use Minos to lure small groups out for
    you to kill. Heal any damage, repeat until you clean the
    place out.
    
    Have your hero and Elana run around the library. You'll get
    some dialog about finding something, then something else,
    and voila, you win!  (If you don't get it, keep moving them
    from spot to spot all around the library.)
    
    
    17.2.6    Siege of Guardia
         
    Briefing: Towers of Guardia is under attack. You must make
    ALL HASTE to Guardia and prevent the Undead from taking
    Guardia. Reinforcements will arrive from Esgaard in 40
    minutes. You MUST hold out until then.
    
    Map Layout: you are in the south. Guardia is southwest of
    you. A ridge containing a mausoleum divides that up into 2
    "passes" you can defend.
    
    The WORST attack will come from the eastern pass, while some
    minor raids will come from the western pass.
    
    Basically, build, build and build! Quickly upgrade your keep
    to level 2, and start building towers to close off those
    passes. Build barracks and quickly pump out some pikemen and
    squires to hold the line, use your hero if necessary. You
    need the market and "trade" skill to convert the excess
    resources into resource you need.
    
    Do the usual thing: add peasants into the mines you really
    need (usually gold). Reinforce each tower with 2 pikemen and
    2 squires. Add some towers on the ridge with the mausoleum,
    then 3 towers in the eastern pass and 2 towers in the
    western pass.
    
    Quickly upgrade to level 3 keep and build your cathedral,
    then get those knights out. Research those knight upgrades,
    esp. that triple-damage-against-undead one. Build 3-4
    stables and get those knights made! They are your best
    undead killer. Build up library and make a white mage or
    two. Use one to anchor each side of defense. Add squires to
    back up the defense. Put some on the ridge, others behind
    the tower.
    
    When there's about 5-7 minutes left, the big attack will
    come... Lots of wraiths, then lots of liches (the worst
    part), then lots of slayer knights. Your towers and your
    knights, with the squires running backup, should be able to
    defeat all the waves.
    
    If you got a lot of knights left after defeating the
    attacks, feel free to set the knights loose and wipe out the
    enemy structures before the time runs out, for extra credit.
    
    
    17.2.7    The Undead Column
         
    Briefing: In the plains north of Esgaard, Paridian has a
    plan to deal with the Undead... you need to survive 30
    minutes of continual Undead attacks. However, Paridian plan
    means Elana was sent out ALONE as bait for the Undead...
    
    Map Layout: You start on the south side of the map. To the
    north are two plateaus forming a valley through which ALL
    undead must pass.  On the north end of this valley are four
    towers shooting magical bolts, and 2 item chests. Just north
    of your position is a dragon temple, where you can recruit
    several dragon knights. If you explore the 2 white trees
    just south of the temple you can also locate several
    treants.
    
    Retinue: bring the white mage, as usual, and a peasant. You
    should be able to bring a knight or two as well. You'll need
    their firepower early on.
    
    Send your hero north to the dragon temple and get those
    treants and dragon knights. They, along with your few
    starting knights, are your initial defense forces. Send them
    to the southern mouth of the valley and keep them there.
    
    Explore east and west with your hero and mage (separate
    directions), and convert those mines ASAP. You will be SHORT
    on gold initially. Build your palace and barracks ASAP and
    pump out some squires. Send them north and line them up on
    both sides of the valley with "guardian" attitude. This is
    the "valley of death" for the undead.
    
    Keep building with the peasant and/or hero and find more
    mines to convert. Build a second palace on the other side of
    the map to help you pump out enough peasants for more gold
    at the mines, as the first one is busy upgrading. Build
    cathedral so you can get more knights to reinforce those few
    you got. Research that triple-damage against undead upgrade.
    Line the knights up at the valley mouth and don't let them
    move. Consider building a library, as you need the catapult
    to take down those 4 towers, as well as additional white
    mages. Build multiple stables to get more knights.
    
    You will see plenty more of undead waves, with liches,
    skeletons, wights, etc. However, if you have enough knights
    you can repulse them easily. Then just have the white mage
    heal everybody.
    
    There are two shrines to north, just south of the towers,
    and Elana's body. However, you can't do anything with it
    yet. Just wait for the timer to run out. Don't accept any
    "convert building" missions as you can't convert enemy
    towers and there are no other enemy buildings to convert.
    
    When there's like 5 minutes left, the final wave of Undead
    will attack... Slayer Knights, Liches, Wights, and LOTS of
    skeletons start marching down the road. Defeat them all, and
    feel free to destroy all those four towers (you will take
    casualties though). When the time runs out, you win!
    
    
    17.2.8    Death of Elana (Video)
         
    Cinematic: Paridian was so heartless in sending out Elana to
    be bait and got her killed... Does the ends justify the
    means? Or will following Paridian be your best chance to
    recover the Two Tears?
    
    This is your turning point... Do you split from Paridian and
    chase down the Two Tears yourself, or do you continue to
    follow Paridian in search of the Two Tears for Esgaard?
    
    If you continue to follow Paridian, go to [7.3], path of
    light.
    
    If you split from Paridian, go to [7.5], path of darkness.
    
    
    17.3  CHAPTER THREE: THE PROTECTOR (PATH OF LIGHT)
    
    
    17.3.1    Dwarf Caravan
         
    You are heading north into dwarf territory... Robert, sick
    with Paridian's offhand sacrifice of Elana, has left the
    party. While you have your reservations about Paridian, you
    believe that once you secure Navarre, the white Tear, you
    may be able to bring Elana back to life... But first, the
    Dwarf caravan is under attack...
    
    Briefing: Rescue the Dwarf Caravan. All your special units
    (your hero and Minos) must survive.
    
    Map Layout: Dwarf Caravan is in the middle of the map, under
    siege by the orcs in the northeastern corner, who has lots
    of towers, and will send lots of Ogres, Giants, Trolls, and
    so on.
    
    Retinue: white mage, then whatever you want.
    
    NOTE: Do NOT send forces into the dwarf camp until you're
    ready. Doing so triggers Orc attack. In fact, don't even
    move north of the dwarf camp. They have enough fighters and
    crossbow-ers to defend themselves for a while. Just keep
    building.
    
    Start building immediately. There are some mines next to
    you, and more mines to east (2 more on the seashore). Send
    mage out to convert those, while your peasants and hero
    build, build, and build. Build up a set of defense towers
    where the trees limit the movement, orienting mainly
    northeast.
    
    Quickly build 2-3 stables and start working on knights.
    Upgrade, upgrade, upgrade! You need flaming arrows in those
    towers. Enemy may send a flock of bats/harpies to raid your
    buildings and mines. Squires will take them out, esp.
    flaming arrows. Knights will act as reserve to block any
    breakthroughs.
    
    When you got 4-6 towers up, defense should be quite tough
    that even dragons should be no problem for you. Start
    building up groups of knights with squires and send THEM to
    raid Orc camps... Send them up the east coast. Send another
    group into the Dwarf camp to help them defend. Take out
    towers, then others, retreat when the enemy responds. Lure
    them back to the Dwarves and/or the towers and slaughter
    them.
    
    Keep repeating the raids until the orc camp is reduced to
    rubble. Keep a reserve at your camp to react to any last-
    ditch attacks by the orcs. Build towers and squires to
    assist in defense. Upgrade those knights (don't need the
    triple-damage-against-undead upgrade). Build a dragon or two
    if you feel like it. Watch out for new palaces being built
    elsewhere.
    
    When you defeat all the orcs, you win! There may be some
    leftover totem poles or something on the map if the scenario
    doesn't seem to end and you thought you destroyed
    everything. Send out some flying scouts and find the
    leftovers.
    
    
    17.3.2    Mountain Trails
         
    Briefing: You are now in command of the dwarves, who will
    help you seek the seer far in the northern mountains.
    However, in your way are no less than FOUR Orc heroes, all
    of them want you dead. However, they will also fight each
    other if given the chance.
    
    Map Layout: You are in the southeastern corner. Enemies are
    to west, north, northwest, and center.
    
    This will be your toughest challenge yet, as you must now
    learn the dwarf buildings and units, while you fend off all
    those orc attacks. You don't quite have enough mines around
    the starting position, but it'll have to do for now. Build
    palace, upgrade, upgrade.
    
    Quickly churn out a couple dwarf fighters and crossbowers,
    and send this group north, all the way north, so you can
    take on that guy in the northeastern corner. That guy is
    easily beaten, and you will have HIS mines to work with as
    well. Build towers and such to secure the area. You only
    need to build ONE inn to benefit. Build more barracks and
    one more smithy up north to keep the dwarven smiths coming.
    Remember, dwarven smiths counts DOUBLE when put into mines.
    
    Watch your resources, as you will run SEVERELY short on ore
    and stone esp. in the middle part of the build. You will
    need a market with "trade" skill to balance some of that.
    Having those mines in the north help somewhat.
    
    Try to stay out of the way of the Orcs, as they will fight
    amongst themselves when they have the chance. However, when
    they finish consolidating (or even before) they come after
    you. So you better have those defenses ready. Have some
    heavy weapons like ballistas and catapults ready in both
    camps, as they do lots of damage against those large units
    like giants, trolls, and ogres.
    
    The dwarven towers are too weak to be useful. Build HUMAN
    towers (under the towers and walls menu, not the building
    menu) which lasts longer under enemy attacks. Build two
    dwarven towers BEHIND the human tower to lend support.
    Remember to reinforce with crossbowers and fighters. Don't
    build your towers too tight or your ballistas, battering
    rams, and catapults can't get out!
    
    Put some crossbowers on those ridges surrounding the middle
    cave. Set them on defensive, so they shoot, but they don't
    chase. They can wipe out a lot of orcs firing from that high
    up.
    
    When you are ready, it's time to deal with the enemies one
    at a time. I personally like to send in a FLEET of griffons
    (10 of them) and they'll just clean out enemy structures in
    a flash. Use them to raid enemy structures. Bring them back
    to be healed by your white mage.
    
    Consolidate the two small mines on the east side of the map,
    then start pushing west from north, then south. Remember to
    use the "drunkenness" special during the fight! Bring some
    heavy artillery to deal with enemy structures. If the
    enemy's too hot to handle, retreat to the towers. Heal, then
    move back in. Convert any mines you see. Continue the push
    and surround the middle red caves after cleaning out
    everybody. Then clean out the middle.
    
    When you've wiped out every single Orc, you win!
    
    
    17.3.3    Guardians of the Seer
         
    Briefing: We're getting close to the seer, but in our way
    are minotaurs AND orcs. You must find out what are driving
    the Minotaurs wild, and locate the entrance to seer's
    cave... (And obviously, your hero and Minos must survive).
    
    Map layout: the map is divided by a sEyries of ridges that
    leads to other parts of the map. You start in the
    southeastern corner, and of course, the seer's cave is to
    the northwest.
    
    Retinue: you need your white mage, and some other starting
    units.
    
    Initial concern: You need towers to survive the initial
    attacks. They WILL raid you. Once you build enough towers to
    handle the initial attack, The rest of the campaign can be
    handled via air attacks.
    
    After the conversation, start building ASAP. Pluck down the
    palace, and send the two heroes to convert the mines to
    north and west. After palace is down, upgrade the palace,
    and start building barracks and towers. Start with dwarf
    towers (cheaper), but backstop them when you can with human
    towers.
    
    Dwarf use smithy to produce the siege weapons and dwarf
    smiths, so the production of siege units will be slow unless
    you have multiple smithies online. Those will have to wait.
    Build THREE barracks, as you need LOTS of units. Get some
    fighters and crossbowers out there ASAP.
    
    There are some towers just north of you, destroy them with
    siege weapons when you have a chance. In the meanwhile, your
    hero can get out there and convert some mines nearby.
    Remember to get OUT of range of the tower before you
    convert.
    
    Build up everything, then it's time to decide on attack
    strategy, when your defenses are set.
    
    If you prefer air attacks (and it is indeed the preferred
    way), build up a set of 3-4 Eyries. Then build a large group
    of griffons (say, 8-10), and just start SWEEPING the map of
    enemy mines and structures. When they're like half-damaged,
    bring them back to be healed, and send them out AGAIN. In
    the meanwhile, upgrade the Eyries to level 3 and start
    making dragons. You need 3 of them to build the unstoppable
    force.
    
    If you prefer ground attacks, get your barracks setup to
    produce a good stream of berserkers and crossbowers, backed
    by a couple of siege weapons.
    
    Keep raiding the mines near you, then explore further and
    further away from your towers. Destroying the mines not only
    give you a quick resource boost, it also deprives the enemy
    of their steady income. If you need some more income, build
    some dwarf lords with escorts (berserkers and crossbowers)
    and send them out on conversion trips, leave some mines
    nearby that are good for your use. Chase down enemy heroes,
    thralls and such that may be building all around you using
    other air units.
    
    Eventually near the northeastern enemy (directly north of
    your starting position) you'll find the red shard. By this
    time, your dragons should be done. If you have too many
    units, kill off some of the siege machines and cheap units
    to make room for the dragons. Then sweep the map with your
    unstoppable force.
    
    If you prefer not to fight that hard (or playing at higher
    difficulty levels), sneak your hero with retinue north to
    the red shard, then back to your camp. Then work your way
    west, then north to the seer's cave. Raid west into the
    enemy camp, clean him out to make way for your hero.
    
    You may find a hostile dragon near the seer's cave. Use your
    dragon force to take him out if you build one. Your griffins
    are afraid of dragons. Else, just RUN really fast. One
    dragon can't do THAT much damage to your hero.
    
    Once your hero steps across the bridge onto the seer land
    (after finding the red shard), you win!
    
    
    17.3.4    Visiting the Seer (Video)
         
    The seer knows where the Two Tears are... both are held by
    the Dark Elves, beyond the Darkwall Mountains... As for how
    they can be destroyed... Just smash them together...
    However, that may be the problem...
    
    
    17.3.5    The Red Maw
         
    Briefing: You've made your way back to Esgaard without
    further problems. Your next task is to get through Guardian
    pass, where the enemies await... No building, no retinue.
    
    Map Layout: this is a maze, and full of assassins, each of
    which can kill you by luck. Your exit is on the western end,
    in the middle... With a Dark Elf hero and 2 assassins
    guarding it.
    
    NOTE: the map didn't tell you that in EACH of the mines (and
    there are half dozen of them north and south of Esgaard) you
    can get some dwarf runners, best used as "bait" for those
    assassins.
    
    There really isn't too much of a trick to this. Use dwarf
    runner to lure the assassins out of position, so your group
    can get through. Then when you finally get to the exit, save
    the game, and try to lure the dark elf hero AND the
    assassins out of position while your hero and Minos step
    through the gate. Expect to retry this a couple times before
    you get the hang of it.
    
    To get to the exit, go west into the maze, then turn north.
    When you see that first assassin to northwest, use a runner
    to lure him east into the corner so you can slip past.
    
    Keep heading northwest/north. You'll see a couple bats next
    to that small hill, and to northwest of that, more assasins.
    Again, use a runner to lure them out of position.
    
    Continue head northwest, until you're almost on the northern
    edge of the map. If you're careful, you'll see assassins
    both to northeast and northwest. Head southeast. Then send a
    single dwarf southwest, THEN southwest (not the passage
    leading south, but the one west of that). You'll see FOUR
    assassins. Hold there. Get two MORE dwarves into position so
    when the closest dies, the assassins will keep chasing the
    next further. You need to get those 4 assassins out of
    position, all the way into that pocket west of you.
    
    Once the 4 assassins are inside that pocket, you should have
    4 or more dwarves left. Move your hero and Minos closer. Use
    a single dwarf to lure the enemy hero toward your hero so
    your team can ambush the Dark Elf hero. She should go down
    quickly, and you should still have 3 dwarves left, maybe
    more.
    
    There are two more assassins left behind the enemy hero.
    Move your heroes east out of range, then repeat the dwarf
    bait maneuver and lure them out of position, then your hero
    and Minos just RUN through the gate, and you win!
    
    
    17.3.6    Towards Archanon
         
    Briefing: The dark elves and the orcs are in your way toward
    Archanon. Lead your human army past them. Minos and your
    hero must survive.
    
    Map layout: You start in the southeastern corner again. The
    dark elves are to the northwest. A whole SEYRIES of Orc
    towers runs the diagonal of the map, northeast to southwest.
    You have some mines near you, but you're going to be a
    little short unless you start exploring north and west
    immediately.
    
    NOTE: There's a cache of 7 goodie chests in the middle of
    the map, protected by orcs, giants, trolls, and more.
    
    NOTE: the Orcs don't build, but the dark elves do...
    
    Retinue: you will need some heavy firepower immediately as
    the dark elf hero will raid you. White mage, then some heavy
    hitters like archon, knight, reaver, moonguard, etc. should
    be enough to protect you for now.
    
    Overall strategy: Same as before... Build up a group of
    knights, and send them on raids. Destroy the orcs, starting
    from a corner, then get through and clean up the dark elves.
    Then come back and clean up all the orc towers.
    
    This is a battle of attrition, so if you can build enough
    towers and squires to prevent the enemy from destroying
    while you build up your knights, you should win. It sure
    would help if you get those special skills like knight
    commander.
    
    You will need a ring of towers, 3 or 4 facing northwest, to
    defend against the raids, but you need to keep upgrading
    your stuff as well. You can probably forget making aerial
    attacks of your own as you are short on just about
    everything. Besides, dark elves have plenty of magic towers
    as defense.
    
    Clean up the map, starting with southwestern corner, then
    work your way up the diagonal until you see this hill. Stop
    there, as the Orcs don't grow, while the dark elves do.
    Start using that gap to send up raiding teams of squires and
    knights. Destroy their mines, then their structures,
    concentrate on towers. When they're pretty hurt, bring them
    back and heal them, then send them out again. Maybe have a
    white mage stand by there with some protection.
    
    Repeat until the dark elves are history. Then clean up the
    Orcs. destroy everybody, and you win!
    
    
    17.3.7    Archanon
         
    Briefing: Destroy Tower of Archanon and capture Navarre, the
    white Tear. Destroy all dark elves in your way. Expect
    dragon presence.
    
    Map layout: you start in the southeastern corner again.
    There are LOTS of nasties, mainly to north, but also center
    of map. Two shrines on east and west edge of the map. Two
    sets of mines close by, one just northwest of you, the other
    further west. They have a LOT of mines, so be ready.
    
    NOTE: One interesting fact is the enemy will produce dragons
    after 20 or so minutes. You better have hefty defenses ready
    by then. Ballistas and towers are good.
    
    NOTE: AVOID the center initially, as the dark elves holding
    that section (they're in RED) have sorcerers that can wipe
    out your squires. You need a GOOD group of knights and maybe
    a dragon or two to defeat them.
    
    Overall strategy: if you can build a set of towers to
    destroy dragons and a full set of squires (with flaming
    arrows) to defeat other attacks, and a full set of upgraded
    knights, you should have no problem. The problem is getting
    all this done BEFORE you got overrun by enemy attacks, and
    enough resources to build them all.
    
    Consider building more than one palace immediately, one to
    get upgrades, the other to produce more peasants to man the
    mines. Then build multiple barracks, and later, stables.
    
    Don't box yourself in and run out of room. Leave enough room
    for siege weapons to get out, if necessary. Put the towers
    further out to north and west, but don't get too close to
    the center with the red dark elves... You need to carve out
    your own little "niche". Only put guards (2 pikemen and 2
    squires) in the tower that is most often attacked, and they
    will come. Consider building one or two towers on that
    plateau with 4 mines, and put some squires up there as well.
    Dark Elves often send phoenixes and try to convert your
    mines, and you need to take them out.
    
    You need to get those towers up soon. That timer on top is
    the time until the next dragon's hatched. And you need
    flaming arrows and towers and lots of squires to take out a
    dragon (plus misc. flyers).
    
    You will need more than one stable, probably 3, but worry
    about that later. Enemy heroes will try to convert the mines
    to the west. Consider building a palace out west and some
    towers to protect that patch. Still, you will be REALLY
    short on gold. Having a market with trade researched will
    help slightly, but not enough.
    
    If you can handle the dragons, then it's time to decide on
    either aerial assault or cavalry charge. If you have knight
    command special skill, then knights are cheaper, so build a
    LOT of them, allocate like 10 per group, add a couple
    archers and maybe a white mage, and send them out to raid.
    Go west, then north. Another group can go north, then west.
    Start reducing enemy structures, and use the white mage to
    convert enemy mines that you see.
    
    Sooner or later, you'll whittle them down, by building up
    the knights into an unstoppable force. While they'll run
    from dragons, just lure the dragon back to your towers.
    Blast everything, kill all those "wisps" running around, and
    you win!
    
    
    17.3.8    Resurrection (Video)
         
    Cinematic: With Navarre in your hands, Elana was
    resurrected... However, you reluctantly turn back as Lucifus
    is too deep in enemy territory, across the ocean...  And you
    return to Guardia...
    
    
    17.4  CHAPTER FOUR: JUSTICE (PATH OF LIGHT)
    
    
    17.4.1    Thieves
         
    Briefing: Paridian has stripped you of your rank, and has
    quietly let out word that you should be killed, along with
    Elana. Elana offers you a better alternative... Steal
    Navarre, the white Tear, and escape with her to her
    homeland, the Wood Elf country... No building.
    
    Map Layout: the tents around the area either produce
    friendlies or hostiles, usually only 2 at a time. Your
    "exit" is to the east, along that "road". The Tear... is for
    you to find, but I suggest north.
    
    Retinue: firepower, the heavier the better. A white mage is
    critical. Else, a high hitpoint unit like a knight would be
    great.
    
    After Paridian and Minos runs off, start exploring the
    tents. You need squires, though pikemen are also good. By
    now, your hero should be a killing machine. Send him to
    explore the tents, kill hostiles. Don't get too close to
    other enemy units. The idea is to fight as few as possible,
    so you have a chance to heal in between the fights.
    
    Slowly work your way to north-northeast. When you see like
    three or four tents together in a circle with a goodie box
    in the middle, that's the place. Tease the enemies out, esp.
    knights, back to your group to be killed. Clear the area
    around the tents slowly. Heal and repeat. There's an enemy
    hero there: Sir Edgar. lure him back to your group and wipe
    him out. Then head inside and grab the tear.
    
    When you get the tear, head back to the group, then head
    east until you see the bunch fo forests, then south. Again,
    slowly clear your way southeast, until you get back to the
    road. You'll probably find groups of 6-7 pikemen in your
    way. Tease them and separate them, then kill them.
    
    When you make it to the eastern edge of the map on the road,
    you win!
    
    
    17.4.2    Into Palmyr
         
    Briefing: You're in Barbarian country... You get a couple
    Barbarian riders from King Baragon... With that, you need to
    clean out the Orcs (two separate tribes). You now command
    the Barbarians.
    
    May layout: You start on the southwest corner. You will be
    attacked on two sides... north, and east.
    
    Retinue: none...
    
    Overall strategy: Build up enough towers and such to guard
    against enemy hero raids from the north first. Then expand
    east, convert the mines, and secure the other bridge with
    more towers. Build LOTS of units, as barbarian units die
    easily. Upgrade all you can, as you need those minotaur
    units. Regular barbarian infantry is pretty weak. Once you
    got both bridges secured, THEN you can pursue the enemy to
    northeast and northwest. I think the northwestern enemy is
    easier as he's closer.
    
    NOTE: Barbarians want LOTS of ore, not gold.
    
    NOTE: Beware of enemy doing long-range deep strikes with a
    group of bats. Fight back with a group of pegasi.
    
    NOTE: Barbarians defaults to AGGRESSIVE attitude, which
    means they chase enemies down. Set them to "defensive" ASAP.
    
    NOTE: Reavers can convert buildings. Send those out and
    convert with them.
    
    Upgrade keep quickly, multiple levels, and build at LEAST 3,
    maybe 4 arenas, and start pumping out the riders. You need a
    lot of them to hold the tide. Also build those towers near
    the bridge as early warning. Keep building units and set
    rally point near the bridge, and keep building towers.
    
    Send hero east and convert the shipyard, and the mines. Send
    some help when you can, as the enemy will attack from the
    east soon. Start making upgrade buildings like henge and so
    on so you can get some minotaurs up and running. You'll
    probably also need a market as you'll be running short on
    ore. Keep heading east unless you're seriously wounded, then
    return. With no retinue, you can't heal a lot of damage, so
    try not to get into a big fight with your hero.
    
    Continue east and convert more mines. Bring a thrall or two
    and build towers to secure the other bridge. Start building
    Eyries to make pegasus, your best air unit besides the
    dragon, and probably your primary air defense except for
    Robert and those spear throwers.
    
    Now it's time to push them back. Build up a big group of
    minotaurs and riders, and pegasi, then send them northwest,
    across the western bridge, and start on the towers, then
    just let them attack whatever they want, but towers first.
    Then take out the ziggurat, which will cripple storage, then
    the arenas. If they all die, just replace them. Once you've
    taken out the northwest group, send some thralls there to
    build a new base and make more units as replacement. Don't
    forget to convert all the mines nearby! Now you should have
    NO resource shortage at all.
    
    There's a "navy" just east of the northwestern orc camp.
    You'll probably want some dragons to take those out, as
    those cruisers have nice arrows. On the other hand, if you
    have a LARGE group of spearmen you CAN take them out... With
    heavy casualties of course. You can convert the shipyard
    from outside the ship's range if you want.
    
    Then it's just a matter of building enough units to destroy
    the remaining orc stronghold. With attacks from two sides,
    it will fall quickly, but consider holding out until your
    hero has a chance to explore all the goodie boxes around the
    map. There's at least one to northwest, two to east, and
    maybe more.
    
    
    17.4.3    The Orb of Souls
         
    Briefing: You need to make your way to the "Orb of Souls" a
    temple where Elana believes she can find the wood elve
    leader Kaari that will lead you to the Woof Elves home.
    
    Map Layout: You start on the southwest corner. Minotaurs are
    to your east and north, and the temple is to the northwest,
    with quite a few elven archers in the forests as protection.
    
    Retinue: Bring a white mage, please! Add other  units as you
    see fit.
    
    Overall strategy: You need to take care of the minotaurs
    first, and this may be a surprise, but you need to
    blitzekreig one of them immediately. THEN you can take your
    time to build up enough armies to crush the other one, with
    TWO sets of mines (the ones near your starting position AND
    the eastern mines). Then finally, wipe out the elves in your
    way.
    
    Take ALL of your units and move east. When you see a group
    of 3 or 4 mines, let your hero convert it.
    
    Continue east and go after towers. Use the white mage to
    heal so your troops last longer in combat. If you run into
    the enemy hero, go after him! Keep driving east. Take out
    his offensive units and towers, and convert his buildings.
    Take his keep for your own. As you attacked him this early,
    he has NO units other than his hero and maybe one or two
    units, so he should be easy pickings.
    
    As barbarians, you need gold, then rock. You don't need that
    much crystals until you get altar, so get the market
    cranking. You should have plenty of ores around. Convert his
    arenas, and build your own. You'll need 3 arenas. Build
    corals to build up a set of riders. Start upgrading the
    keep, and build a second one in order to pump out more
    workers for the mines.
    
    The other minotaur hero will probably stay pretty far away,
    as he's looking for easier pickings. By taking out the
    eastern guy in a blitzkreig, you should be safe for a while.
    Build, build, and build, then heal, and take out all nearby
    towers. If you've previously killed the hero, then this guy
    is toast, unless you left a thrall alive somewhere.
    
    Start building an airforce of pegasi, figure 9-12 of them.
    Make at least 3 EEyries and upgrade them when you can. Send
    a force to the shrine where you converted those mines. The
    northwestern force usually raids through there, and you can
    intercept him there. Use cavalry only as everybody else is
    too slow. Add some minotaurs when you have the chance as
    barbarians have no infantry. In fact, try this ambush
    tactic: use minotaurs as front attack force, keep cavalry on
    the edges. When the enemy hero engages the minotaurs, sweep
    the cavalry from the back. Caught in a pincer, the enemy
    hero will either flee or die.
    
    Start exploring west, then north with your pegasi, and
    expand your base that way. Send hero with lots of minotaurs
    and riders. Explore and convert those mines you were forced
    to initially abandon. Your force should be now big enough to
    easily repel any attack. Build more arena there to support
    more units. Then head north slowly, heal when needed, and
    start taking down the defenses of that remaining minotaur,
    and convert the minotaur buildings for your own. Kill the
    hero when you see him. That's it for all the active threats.
    
    When you've taken out both minotaurs, it's just the wood
    elves in your way... And they don't attack. So heal your air
    force and your ground force, and send them in to clean out
    the entire map. Build a couple dragons if you like. Once you
    clean out the entire map, you win!
    
    If you prefer not to kill everybody, take your hero and
    Elana, and a full set of guards, and head to the northwest
    corner. Then move east. There is an entrance to the "Orb of
    Souls" from the west where Elana and your hero can enter.
    
    
    17.4.4    Fleet of Solhaven (Video)
         
    Cinematic: You have reached Solhaven, and the wood elves
    have agreed to help you locate the remaining Tear. The fleet
    sets out for the Dark Elf continent...
    
    
    17.4.5    Straits of Darkness
         
    Briefing: Locate the mystic tower of the dark elves in the
    strait and destroy it. No building required.
    
    Map Layout: this is going to sound stupid, but just follow
    the map edge. Follow the eastern edge, then the northern
    edge, and you'll find the dark elf base.
    
    Overall strategy: Get your ship there with minimum combat.
    Destroy all the defenders, and level the mystic tower. How
    hard can it be?
    
    This mission is extremely simple. You don't even need to
    fight that much.
    
    Head straight north, and take out a few Elven Galleons. You
    should find a mausoleum. Try the quest. Now head east to the
    edge, then north to the corner, warships lead the way.
    
    Once at the corner, go southwest, and you should see an
    island with a smithy on it. As your hero approaches, a few
    transports and several battering rams will appear. Convert
    the smithy for extra points. Load them all up and continue.
    
    Send the warship west along the northern edge. Destroy any
    ships in your way. Keep sending it west until they see this
    black elf tower. Destroy it. You are getting close.
    
    Once you destroyed this tower, start inching slightly west -
    southwest. You should see the tip of the island... This is
    the dark elven base, with the mystic tower and lots of
    sorcerers and dark elf archers all around. Kill them with
    your ships, then take down the tower.
    
    Once the tower falls, you win!
    
    
    17.4.6    Elnaria
         
    Briefing: You are now leading the wood elves. The high elves
    apparently are also attacking the dark elves for the tear
    Lucifus. If you will take down the watch tower, you can both
    get closer to the city of Yrm...
    
    Map Layout: You start on the southeastern corner. There are
    two factions of dark elves... One in the northern corner
    (purple flag) and one in the west (black flag). There are
    also three islands in the middle of the map that has two
    mines each. There's a shrine to your north, and one of the
    rocks in the ocean to northwest has a goodie chest.
    
    Retinue: you need units that can convert, plus a wisp to
    build.
    
    Overall strategy: convert everything on your island, and
    build your keep and scout tower with the wisp. Your retinue
    can board the ships and convert those islands after the
    galleon takes care of the guards. Then it's a matter of
    building enough units to overwhelm the enemy.
    
    NOTE: enemies will send phoenix and such to convert the
    mines. Put some warships around the mines to guard each one.
    Two or three should be sufficient.
    
    NOTE: the black faction will probably send landing forces
    via ferries to raid you. Have warships stand by to repel.
    
    NOTE: Upgrade the scout tower so you can see the whole map.
    Use this to spot the hostile dragons and phoenixes and
    intercept it with your ships.
    
    The northeastern dark elf does not build, so you probably
    don't have to worry about them. On the other hand, having
    those extra resources (esp. the crystal mines and a cart of
    crystals) sure would help. The problem is... How do you get
    it?
    
    You need a fleet of at least six warships, preferably 8.
    Then start from the edge, and roll up the galleons one at a
    time. Then park the warships on the coast and wipe out all
    enemy units that are close to the edge. Then sending in the
    landing force... Treants, and cavalry. Send treants in first
    to soak up the attack, and send in cavalry to take out the
    archers and sorcerers and such.
    
    Now you can claim all that resource for yourself, and an
    extra shipyard!
    
    To take on the western threat, you have two choices
    basically... Attack from north, or south. I prefer a pincer,
    as you now have TWO shipyards and should be able to make two
    fleets. Build up your ground forces as well and load them
    onto ferries.
    
    When ready, send one fleet to northwestern corner, and the
    other to southwestern corner. Then both approach the island
    and start going after towers. Send them some air support as
    well in form of griffons, and when you can afford it, a
    dragon or two. The two fleets should be enough to wipe out
    ALL the towers, or at least get close doing so. Then send in
    the ground forces, up those corridors you blasted open with
    the ships. Spread out and destroy or convert ALL enemy
    structures on the island.
    
    Finally, wipe out that watchtower on top of that hill.
    Preferably use treants as they can soak up the damage,
    though dragons and such are also good.
    
    Once the watchtower falls, you win!
    
    
    17.4.7    Siege of Yrm (grand finale!)
         
    Briefing: You landed on the Island of Yrm, stronghold of the
    dark elves, and nasty place all around. You landed on the
    southwestern corner, and the high elves have landed on the
    other side. Destroy the dark elves for the Tear Lucifus. If
    the high elves turn on you, destroy them as well. Obviously,
    your hero and Elana must survive (yes, the game text is
    WRONG)
    
    Map Layout: the island is pretty big, sort of inverted-U
    shaped. The citadel is in the middle. Mines are on the
    outside mostly, and the dark elves are in the center.
    
    Retinue: try to bring more than one unit that can convert.
    Dryad, white mage, red mage, black mage, etc. are good.
    Bring at east one wisp.
    
    Overall strategy: This is a gamble. You need the dark elf
    hero to raid the high elf camp before he comes after you, so
    you have some time to build. If he comes after you first,
    you're toast. The dark elf hero WILL raid you, but dark
    elves are weak, unless the hero calls down a heft spell.
    Once you've taken out the hero, the rest you can handle
    easily. Use phoenix to "raid" enemy mines, and there are
    LOTS of them. Dark elves don't ahve that many units that
    convert, while your cheap phoenix can do it. Send Phoenix
    all over the place and convert as many mines as you can as
    sort of "guerilla warfare". If the enemy converts them back,
    you go back and take it AGAIN. This way, the enemy hero is
    busy converting those mines instead of coming after you.
    
    NOTE: Some other strategy guides suggest you take the hero
    north then west and try to convert the high elf camp while
    the wisp build your own camp. This will work initially.
    However, it also leaves your camp virtually undefended, and
    the first raid by the dark elf hero will wreck the place and
    kill off essential characters.
    
    Start by moving north slightly, instead of starting right
    where you are, then east slightly. Build against the map's
    edge. Have the wisp build mystic tower, while your hero and
    general go out and convert all the mines nearby, both
    southwest and north. Once the tower is up, build two life
    trees against the map's edge, then start building up the
    rest like scout towers. Don't make too many guards, as the
    enemy hero will probably stay away from you provided you
    don't give him targets except those mines, and he'll just
    convert them from maximum distance.
    
    Have your hero explore the goodie boxes to the southwest.
    He'll also find the bodies of Paridian, Minos, and the rest
    of the expedition...
    
    Initially, you're going to be short on rock, so the quarry
    to the north, on the beach, is top priority. Other stuff
    like gold and ore are easier to come by. Later you'll need
    crystal REALLY bad. So quickly build, build, and try to
    build an inn, and research the "trade" skill, so you can
    convert resources from one type to another. You REALLY need
    it.
    
    Try to arrange an ambush for the enemy hero. Have your hero
    use defensive spells like a golem to help defend the place.
    If you can take out the enemy hero, his raids will fall to a
    trickle of just some riders and archers. However, if he were
    able to get a nasty spell off, you are doomed.
    
    Build an Eyrie when you can. The phoenix is very important
    in the guerilla resource war. It also keeps the enemy hero
    busy converting instead of attacking. Send out multiple
    phoenixes, along the northern map's edge, and find more
    mines to convert. Do the same to south, though one will
    probably die from finding the dark elf fleet. Go around the
    fleet, then locate MORE mines to convert. Put one phoenix
    near each cluster of mine so you can convert things back as
    soon as the enemy hero leaves.
    
    Upgrade, upgrade, and upgrade your forces by researching
    those skills. Keep the resources roughly balanced unless you
    know you need a certain type more than others. You need
    flaming arrows and bowmaster in order to do get good kills.
    Use the inn to convert the resources as needed. You don't
    need that much ground force once you got those researched.
    You also need lots of archers to defend against dragon
    attacks.
    
    Once the enemy hero's out of the way, send in phoenix to see
    if the high elves' camp is still there. More than likely,
    it's been wiped out by the dark elves. Convert those mines
    and the shipyard on the west side of the map. If the camp is
    still there, convert their mines any way.
    
    Keep the wisps busy by building more mystic towers. You need
    them to make your forces bigger.
    
    Start upgrading those Eyries and make sure you have three or
    more. You need a "fleet" of griffons, say 12 of them. They
    will bust towers for you. You probably don't even NEED
    dragons, so don't worry about them unless the enemy makes
    dragons too.
    
    Build up a ground force of elven archers, cavalry, and
    treants as well.
    
    When you get your fleet of griffons, it's time to attack
    those towers. Attack them in sequence, from the northeast
    corner, work your way around. Leave those "double-towers"
    for last. Bring the griffons back to be healed if you can.
    Don't forget to build those heal towers and researches.
    Bring the griffons back to the heal tower and cast the
    "heal" spell.
    
    You should have at least two shipyards by now. If there are
    no defenses near the third shipyard, send in a phoenix and
    convert that also. Build up a navy of say, 8-10 warships.
    Then use them to wipe out the dark elf fleet, probably on
    the southwestern banks.
    
     If you spot extra mystic towers around the place, convert
    them with your phoenix. Then the enemy must destroy them
    instead of raiding you. In fact, have your wisps build extra
    mystic towers ALL OVER the place to confuse the raiding
    parties may be a valid tactic.
    
    Bust those towers on the plateaus with your flying units,
    then send in phoenix to convert those resources. Gather your
    ground units and be ready for the final push.
    
    When ready, gather the remnants of your navy and sail
    STRAIGHT UP the middle of the U-shaped beach, as close to
    the mouth as possible, and let them shoot at anything. Then
    send in your ground force and air force and start knocking
    off those towers. Under triple attack, those towers won't
    last long. Then just set your units to "rampant" and let
    them wipe out everything that's still standing.
    
    When all the dark elves have been wiped out, you win!
    
    
    17.4.8    The Two Tears (Video)
         
    You finally got Lucifus, and just as you try to figure out
    how to do it, Elana takes Lucifus, produces Navarre from her
    pouch... You tried to argue with her, but she said she's NOT
    a "man", and this will be the only way to solve the riddle.
    She smashes the two Tears together... There's a flash of
    light... And the world did NOT end. However, Elana did... As
    she falls to the ground, dead without the power of
    Navarre... The world is saved, but at what price?
    
    You're won the campaign! Now try the path of darkness as
    well...
    
    
    17.5  CHAPTER THREE: THE CONQUERER (PATH OF DARKNESS)
    
    You turn your back on Paridian and Minos, and they are NOT
    happy. First you need to get away from them, then you need
    to raid Yrm, the home of the dark elves, and obtain Lucifus
    for yourself...
    
    
    17.5.1    Treachery
         
    Briefing: Destroy General Paridian's forces, you and Robert
    must survive
    
    No building, 10 pts. retinue
    
    Retinue: with 10 pts, not too much choice. Pick someone with
    lots of HP, like a knight, and a white mage if you got one.
    If not, a group of pikemen for melee is good.
    
    Map Layout: This is the same map as "Thieves" [16.4.1].
    Basically, you start next to Esgaard, and you declare that
    you will gain the Two Tears, and take out Paridian the
    heartless as well. Robert declared that he'll join you, but
    Minos ran away to warn Paridian.
    
    You have 3 groups of 9 squires each that will follow you.
    However, in your way are a lot of Paridian's troops, who
    will attack you. Those tents will pop either pikemen or
    squires when you get close. Put your squires around the
    tent, and approach with your hero and/or melee units. When
    they pop, they'll be full of arrows.
    
    Slowly go north-northeast, and head for middle of the map.
    When you see a BUNCH of enemies standing around, both
    squires and pikemen, you've found the enemy camp. Use your
    melee units to tease the enemy to your squires and kill
    them. Repeat until you've killed the enemy hero as well, and
    then the surrounding area.
    
    When you cleaned out the surrounding area, you win!
    
    NOTE: Try NOT to win before you've had a chance to explore
    the goodie boxes on the ground.
    
    
    17.5.2    The Orc Ambush
         
    Briefing: Help the Orcs defeat the two clans of Dwarves at
    the Caravan. Your hero and Robert must survive.
    
    Map Layout: This map is identical to [16.3.1] Dwarf Caravan,
    except there are TWO Dwarf heroes running around. You start
    in the southwestern corner, with 3 mines near you. There's a
    cache of gold and such to your east along with mines.
    
    You start on the southwest corner. The Orc should be doing
    pretty well and should occupy most of the dwarves attention.
    Just keep building and don't expand north. Expand east
    instead, and avoid getting close to the dwarves. Let the
    Orcs occupy them, and slowly build up your army of squires
    and pikemen. Use your other conversion unit to convert the
    nearby mines while your hero runs east and grab those extra
    gold, which will fuel your early expansion.
    
    You can "sneak" a few mines away from the Dwarves by using
    the large conversion radius of your hero.
    
    Build up your base ASAP, and be ready to defend yourself
    once you attack. Consider build at least two of every
    structure, one to build units and the other do upgrade
    research.
    
    You probably won't have enough time or resources to do the
    exotic stuff like flaming arrows or paladin and cathedral
    and such. Instead, just build a lot of mercenaries and
    regular pikemen and squires and such with them.
    
    Then send in your forces DURING an Orc attack and wipe out
    all the dwarves.
    
    When you clean out the place, you win!
    
    
    17.5.3    The Minotaur Tribes
         
    You are now leading the Orcs...
    
    Briefing: Gront the giant (orc general) is willing to show
    you the way to the Seer, but in your way are many minotaurs.
    Get past them. Gront, your hero, and Robert must survive.
    
    Map Layout: You start in the southwest corner. This map is
    the same as [16.3.3], and the minotaurs mainly setup in the
    same place: one to the north and the other to the west. Some
    towers are near you. There's a ravine/depression to your
    north with several carts of resources, a mine, and 2 goodie
    boxes. Just north of that is the "red shard".
    
    Retinue: get at least one kobold to start building, maybe
    two.
    
    Overall Strategy: As you're the orcs, build REALLY fast, and
    start RUSHING the towers near you with your units. Then
    explore the map, locate more resources, build up a HORDE of
    wolfriders and chase everybody down. However, there are more
    than one way to do this. You COULD just wipe out ONE tribe
    of minos, the one to the north, and then go west to the
    seer, without wiping out the entire map.
    
    Start building a ziggurat quickly. Your hero should convert
    all the resources nearby, two of them on the ridge, but
    convertible from the bottom. Stay away from the towers.
    Build some units and defend the two "off ramps".
    
    Upgrade to level 3 keep, and send out bats to locate more
    resources. They are sacrificial scouts. Build lots of caves
    (4-6) and build LOTS of basilisks and wolfriders (depending
    on what type of resources you have more).
    
    Defend against minotaur heroes who may raid you. Protect
    those two "offramps" and you should be fine.
    
    When you have enough units, send them out and take out the
    towers nearby. You can establish another camp on top, but
    that's optional. Keep making more wolfriders and goblins.
    You want LOTS of poison and disease carriers. Send groups of
    them (5 of each?) into the enemy camps and just let them hit
    anybody they want, while keep a group of them at home to go
    after enemy heroes that come by to visit. If you spot the
    enemy hero, send your raiders after him.
    
    In the meanwhile, keep making more basilisks, wolfrdiers,
    and start making trolls and ogres. Keep basilisks at home as
    you need them as anti-air units for now. Enemy may send bats
    or griffons to harass you, take them out with basilisks.
    
    When you've taken out the enemy hero, it's time to convert
    their camp. Send your hero (with some good escorts) into the
    enemy camp (the one that lost its hero), and convert their
    buildings, as many as you can. Remember, you can set
    waypoints for conversion as well.
    
    Repeat for the other camp, and go by that "red shard" for a
    dialog about it. Visit shrines when you can as some quests
    are good.
    
    Finally, after you've cleaned out the map, send your hero to
    the seer's cave up on the northwestern corner, and you win!
    
    
    17.5.4    The Seer (Video)
         
    Cinematic (Same as [16.3.4]) You visit the seer, and learned
    some truth about the Two Tears...
    
    
    17.5.5     King's Bridge
         
    Briefing: Capture the shipyard at King's Bridge, then build
    4 Ferries. Your hero, Robert, and Gront must survive.
    
    Map Layout: You start in the southwestern corner. King's
    Bridge is to the east, and there is only ONE bridge across
    the river. There are towers just to your north on the road,
    then many towers in the town itself around the bridge.
    Resources to your east, then north. More resources in the
    town itself. One shrine to north, mausoleum to east.
    
    Be warned, this human hero, Kingsley is nasty, as he's
    already got a cathedral operational, AND he can summon
    daemons, and he can cast Armageddon (level 4 spell). Yep,
    he's a pyromancer. With ONE spell, he can take out most of
    your army. :-P
    
    Overall strategy: You need to work on resource denial
    QUICKLY. The enemy outproduce you with his mines and he
    already has knights. If he rushes you, your game is OVER.
    Immediately convert all the mines near you, to north and
    east.
    
    Convert, then "hide. Build ONLY along the bottom edge of the
    map, stay AWAY from the towers to north. Build as FAR south
    as possible. You can extend all the way to the river.
    
    Keep Gront at the base as defense and convert nearby
    resources. Send hero east to convert resources. Send your
    white mage (you brought one, right?) north, dodge the
    towers, and convert more mines to north.
    
    Build arenas and such and get a defense working. Put up two
    towers to north to defend against raids. You may want to
    destroy those 2 towers to your north, but that seems to
    trigger enemy raids for me.
    
    Quickly upgrade to keep level 3 and start building lots of
    caves and orc huts to raise your army limits. You need a lot
    of wolfriders to raid his buildings on your side of the
    river. Build bats to explore the map and figure out where
    his towers are. Then build a FLOCK of bats (12 at a time)
    and send them on "raids" on his gold and ore mines. Without
    them he can't build units, and he has to spend time
    converting them back, which means he can't raid you. He'll
    likely summon daemons and eagles, but you can build LOTS of
    bats.
    
    When your wolfriders are ready (have like a dozen or them),
    send them to raid structures on this side of the river, go
    after towers and so on, on this side. The bats go after
    mines. You can build bats faster than he can destroy them,
    esp. if you can build 3 or more eyries. Destroy his towers,
    then his cathedral, so he can't build knights any more. Then
    it's just a matter of kill those that he has.
    
    When you're short on ore, switch to goblin and basilisk
    production. When you got ore, switch back to orc and
    wolfrider production. You should be able to assemble a good-
    size army. Divide them into TWO groups in case the enemy
    hero comes casting that "nuke" spell. If he "nukes" one
    group, at least you have another group to chase him with.
    
    Once the enemy has been chased behind that bridge, send in
    more bats and maybe harpies (when you upgrade the Eyries)
    and take out ALL his mines. Now he can't produce anything.
    Level ALL his buildings by sending in ALL your ground units
    (except you, Robert, and Gront). They probably have a few
    cruisers and destroyers ready, you'll need to send in some
    trolls, giants, and dragons to get rid of them.
    
    Once that's done, send in your hero and convert the
    shipyard, then make 4 ferries, and you win!
    
    
    17.5.6     Dark Straits
         
    No building in this mission. WARNING: Spoiler ahead. Do NOT
    read if you don't need the help!
    
    Briefing: You've arrived in the Dark Straits, where you see
    the dark elven fleet is fighting the high elven fleet. You
    must land on the island of Yrm, and destroy the mystic
    tower, avoid the enemy fleets if possible. Robert, Gront,
    and your hero must survive.
    
    Map Layout: You start on the southeastern corner. There's a
    big island to your north-northwest, which has another
    shipyard. On northeast side of the island is the high elven
    fleet, and on the southewest side is the dark elven fleet.
    Your target is further west of the island, in the
    northwestern corner.
    
    Overall strategy: load up and make your way to that big
    island. Unload everybody, send a ferry back for the units
    that didn't fit. Set all to defensive or even guardian, then
    send someone in to tease the enemy hero to you and KILL HIM,
    preferably with your hero with others providing support.
    Take over the place, esp. shipyard. Build a couple warships
    as escorts. Then it's just a matter of taken the warship
    west, take out some ships in your way, and make an extra
    ferry (if needed). Use the warships to clean up the island,
    then land enough forces to take down dark elf hero and the
    tower.
    
    At start, just load everybody onboard at the northwestern
    tip of your little island, but before you do that, let the
    trolls loose and let them grab all the sheep they can. Yes,
    I said sheep. They cause more damage when thrown. Move them
    around and have them grab all the sheep on the island, THEN
    load them onboard. You may need to leave some goblins
    behind.
    
    From the northwestern tip of the island, move all 4 ferries
    northward, and continue north, until you're about 3/4 way up
    the map, and you should run into an island, with some
    kobolds running around. Unload there, and set "defensive".
    Move in, and convert those orc huts. There's an orc hero to
    northwest of the island. Lure him to your group along with
    the few orcs and destroy him.
    
    Have your hero run around and gather all the gold and ore
    and the rest. Convert the shipyard, and build 7 warships.
    You should have that much gold to do it, and just enough to
    build a ferry when you're done.
    
    When you got at least 3 warships, start cleaning the way to
    the west of the island. You should find a cruiser or two in
    your way, along with maybe a destroyer, and a tower. If your
    ships are damaged (fall into yellow zone), bring it back and
    let it be healed by the white mage. Somehow, his "group
    heal" also works on ships.  Then take the fleet out and
    finish the job.
    
    Start from the northwestern tip of the island with the carts
    and all the orc huts, head west. You should see a tower,
    wipe it out. Repair the ships. Then head west again, until
    you run into an island just south of you. STAY on the
    northern side, as there are some dark elf ships to southwest
    and you don't need to fight them. Load the ferries, and
    bring them over. Unload the white mage on the northwestern
    tip of the island, and get the one with your hero a little
    closer to the northwestern corner of the map, so his command
    radius helps your ships when fighting the towers.
    
    Then systematically purge all the towers and sorcerers you
    can see. There should be 3-4 towers. Wipe them out, repair
    after each one. Do NOT lose a ship. When a ship falls into
    yellow zone, disengage it to the island. Heal and repeat.
    
    When the coast is clear, unload in the middle of the
    coastline, and move the ferries out. Then move the warships
    in. You need their artillery support. Put the white mage in
    the back, along with Robert and the trolls. Put the bashers
    up front. All units should be set to "guardian", which means
    they won't run out of formation.
    
    Send in your hero on a hit-and-run. Kill a sorcerer or two,
    then run to your group. The dark elf hero should chase you,
    and fall right into your ambush and die. Repeat and kill ALL
    the sorcerers by the tease method. Heal your hero.
    
    Then send everybody to attack the mystic tower on top of the
    hill, and when it falls, you win!
    
    
    17.5.7    Raid on Yrm
         
    Briefing: The High Elves are battling the Dark Elves for
    Lucifus, the red Tear. Defeat them all and get Lucifus for
    yourself. Robert, Gront, and your hero must survive.
    
    Map Layout: the island is an inverted U-shaped with plateau
    that is U-shaped as well, and lots of towers on top. You
    start in the southeastern corner. The high elves are in
    northwestern corner. There are three shipyards, one just
    south of you, one inside the U, and one on the southwest
    side of map.
    
    Start by moving north, then east slightly, so you're on the
    eastern side of the map, and build your keep there. Send
    your heroes to southwest and convert those mines and
    shipyard, and send mage west to convert those two as well.
    Then convert the ones to north. Build 2 arenas and a scout
    tower. Crank out some orcs and goblins as guards.
    
    If the enemy hero comes calling (probably the dark elf hero
    with a few dark archers and such), destroy them, even if you
    need to use your hero and Gront and Robert. Send in ALL your
    guards. Even if most of your guards die in the attempt,
    it'll be worth it if you can take down the enemy hero.
    
    Once you done that, you can grow in relative peace. Build
    lots of orc huts to the north, next to that small quarry on
    the beach, and start building wolfriders with at least 4
    caves. Upgrade your keep at every opportunity. Send more
    kobolds to work the mines. Build a second keep if you need
    to. Build at least three dungeons, as you need the trolls to
    take down those towers.
    
    Feel free to explore the map with a few sacrificial bats to
    determine the status of the high elves periodically.
    
    Assemble a force of 8-10 trolls, and use them to bust
    towers. They are big enough so they don't die in the
    attempt. Bring the wounded back to be healed by your white
    mage. Repeat until you get rid of all the towers on the
    ridge, going counter-clockwise from your position. You can
    also use bats, but they can't be healed (they die too
    easily).
    
    Defend your camp against raiders with your horde of
    wolfriders and basilisks. If the enemy builds air power,
    build your fleet of bats and use those as defense until you
    build up a set of basilisks and shamans with totem poles.
    
    Send in wolfriders to raid the dark elves. Ignore the
    shipyard, as there shouldn't be anything interesting there.
    If there are, send in some trolls to destroy them. Take out
    their production structures and mystic towers, and any wisps
    you see. The dark elves should be concentrating on the high
    elves, and will probably kill the high elf hero for you.
    
    By now, you should have control over most of the map, and
    the high elves should be dead from raiding dark elves. If
    not, feel free to help them along by sending a raiding force
    of wolfriders into their camp and kill only warriors. Leave
    the buildings, and send your hero in (with escorts) to
    convert them for your use.
    
    Bottle the dark elves in their "fortress". Repeat the move
    with trolls and take down all of their towers. Then clean up
    the whole map.
    
    There may be some high elves remaining in their ship in that
    shipyard to southwest. Build your fleet of warships (say, 4-
    8 of them), along with trolls. Send in some other units as
    damage soakers first, then have the trolls and the warships
    arrive. Once you destroy the ships, that should be
    everybody, and you win! If not, run around the map and kill
    everything while your hero run around and convert more
    resources.
    
    
    17.5.8    Escape from Yrm (Video)
         
    Cinematic: You now have Lucifus, the red Tear. Your quest
    will continue back on the mainland...
    
    
    17.6  CHAPTER FOUR: REVENGE (PATH OF DARKNESS)
    
    With Lucifus in hand, you will raise an army that will
    conquer Esgaard and all of Guardia... And claim the white
    tear. And this time, Paridian and Minos will bow to your
    righteousness...
    
    
    17.6.1    Orcport
         
    Briefing: You've reached Orcport, where 3 tribes of Orcs are
    fighting. If you can defeat all of them, they will rally to
    your cause. However, defeating THREE tribes will not be
    easy, as they're established and you're not. Gront, Robert,
    and your hero must survive.
    
    Map Layout: You start on a small island with 4 small mines
    to the west. The enemies are to the east, on a land mass
    about half of the map. There are many mines throughout the
    land. There is a shipyard to north and south.
    
    Overall Strategy: You need to find a place to grow your camp
    without being bothered, as well as some resources nearby.
    Preferably, you need to take over someone's mines and
    buildings, then you can use those as "damage cushion"
    against enemy raids.
    
    Retinue: Start with at least two kobolds, then a hard-hitter
    like giant or knight.
    
    Move all your units southwest to the corner, and have your
    hero convert all four mines while your kobold build a
    ziggurat there. Load the rest onto 2 ferries and head SOUTH,
    all the way to the edge, then east until you see shore.
    Unload there, build ANOTHER ziggurat, and have your hero run
    around convert all the mines along the bottom of the map...
    And quickly build 2 arenas, as you need some orcs to defend
    this place. Don't go too far east, as you may run into the
    yellow orc's setup.
    
    Send the warship directly east, then south until he sees a
    "pier", with orc huts all around and maybe an arena. Start
    shooting, stay slightly off land so melee units can't touch
    you. If a giant or troll approaches, shoot a few times then
    get out of there. You've bothered the red faction long
    enough. If you can, bring the ship back to your white mage
    to be healed. Then send the ship back to harass.
    
    Set your existing units to defend your new base. Have your
    hero run east, and you can probably find the yellow
    faction's keep. Convert it and all the buildings nearby.
    Have it build some orcs as well. Enemy heroes will raid it,
    but that's mainly as "bait". Send your orcs to wound him,
    and other enemy orcs/heroes will probably take care of him.
    Keep your hero, gront, and your hard-hitter (maybe a
    knight?) together. Together they can defeat any hero's
    raiding force.
    
    By now you should have destroyed the yellow faction (that
    keep you converted earlier). Someone else will probably kill
    the hero for you.
    
    Build up your forces, and keep the other orcs busy with
    raiding parties. Build at least 4-6 caves and dungeons.
    Build large parties of wolfriders, basilisks, and trolls.
    Send them in to raid enemy towns, but with primary target
    being enemy heroes, and second being enemy eyries.
    
    Don't forget to build some eyries and bats as air defense.
    They will have to do until you can build shamans and totem
    poles. Don't forget to put a few totem poles on the island
    when you can.
    
    Send out bats yourself as raiders. Fly them out to sea then
    into land rather than going straight over land to avoid
    enemy air units. Attack the weakest targets like scout tower
    and so on.
    
    When you're ready for the big push, send your wolfriders
    with your hero into enemy town and start converting their
    buildings and mines. If you have the "acquire" spell, using
    it will help. You should be able to clean up the red faction
    then the black faction further up the map.
    
    If the mission doesn't end, the black faction probably has
    lots of ships near the shipyard. Build a combination of
    basilisks, trolls, and warships, and remove them. When the
    last one dies, you win!
    
    
    17.6.2    Temple of Ymorgia
         
    Briefing: You need to get into the temple. However, the orcs
    are outside, and the undead are guarding the temple gates...
    Defeat them all, and gain entrance to the temple.  Gront,
    Robert, and your hero must survive.
    
    Map Layout: The map has a "circle" in the middle, with
    opening to the west. The "opening" is guarded by a LEGION of
    undead, with wights, skeletons, liches, and more. What's
    more, there is an Orc army with hero building to northwest
    (opposite you), and a roaming orc hero (who does not build).
    
    Overall strategy: It's not possible "sneak past" the undead,
    so you have to have a heavy-hitting team ready to clear the
    way.
    
    Quickly start building TWO ziggurats. One will supply more
    kobolds to the mines while the other gets upgraded. Have
    your hero explore east for more mines to convert. Build
    along the southern edge. Use Gront, Robert, etc. as defense
    while you go out and convert. When the kobold's done, build
    one or two scout towers, and one or two arenas, and crank
    out orcs for guarding the place.
    
    Upgrade to level 2 ASAP, then level 3. Pump as many kobolds
    as you need into the mines. Build caves and eyries ASAP and
    build basilisks and bats as air defense, and use other caves
    (have at least 4, preferably 6) to build wolfriders. They
    will be your primary offense.
    
    When you are within 10 of your army limit, send a kobold out
    to build orc huts. Build 10 of them at a time. You can queue
    building events, so use that feature. Don't build the huts
    so close the kobold can't get out!
    
    Start working on trolls and ogres when you get to it. You
    probably don't need giants, but wouldn't hurt to keep
    researching. Start making more and more units, and by this
    time, no raids will reach you. Send groups of enemies and
    just CLEAN OUT the map, avoid the entrance to the middle of
    map for now. Clean out all the orcs on the map, and convert
    their mines. NOW you're ready for the big push.
    
    Gather your army and send it at the entrance. By now your
    army should be so overwhelming, the undead doesn't stand a
    chance. Wipe them all out, and walk in with your hero. You
    find this wight general, who pledges allegiance to you. Walk
    to the ruins, and you win!
    
    
    17.6.3    Siege of Archanon
         
    Briefing: You've reached the city of Archanon, where the
    dark elves are holding Navarre, the blue Tear. Claim it for
    yourself. Setroth, your hero, and Gront must survive.
    
    Yep, no Robert. Right in the beginning, Robert, the voice of
    "reason", was silenced by Gront. Setroth the wight will take
    his place...
    
    Map Layout: this is the same map as [17.3.7], Archanon. You
    start in the southwestern corner. There are dark elf camps
    to northwest, northwest, and a band of dark elf guardians in
    the middle guarding Navarre, including a dragon. There are
    two pyramids, one to east, the other to west.
    
    Start in your corner ASAP and start building and converting
    quickly. Raids by the dark elves will come soon, in forms of
    dark riders and more, and sometimes, bats and such.
    
    Quickly build and send kobolds into the mines. Build two
    keeps if you need to. Let Gront and your mage convert while
    you head east and convert more mines. You should find
    another set of mines in the southeastern corner.
    
    Build two arenas and pump out some guards. You need them to
    defend against initial assault. Also put down one or more
    scout towers and make some goblins to scout the area.
    
    Build, then extend east along the bottom of the map. Have
    your hero build a keep there and populate THOSE mines with
    kobolds. Don't worry about protecting those, at least not as
    bad as your main camp. Bring your hero back when done.
    
    Build a series of orc huts along the bottom edge of the map,
    use the building queue function. Build like 10-20 of them.
    
    In the meanwhile, start building caves and dungeons. Upgrade
    your primary keep to level 3 then 4 so you can start making
    ogres and trolls and wolfriders and basilisks.
    
    Keep some basilisks in your camp as you need the defenses
    against raiding bats and harpies, if any. Make some of your
    own, but enemy towers are numerous.
    
    When you have gathered a good force, send them in and wreck
    the towers, following the map's east and west edges. Then
    charge into enemy town and just kill anything you can. if
    you see enemy hero, go after him/her. Use a mixed force.
    Under the pincer movement, they should not last long, and
    you can build units faster than they can.
    
    Repeat the attack until the enemies along the top of the map
    are no more. Clean out all the towers as well. Feel free to
    claim any mines along the top, but that is probably not even
    necessary.
    
    Assemble the forces (including lots of ogres and trolls) and
    send them in to attack the middle group. They have a lot of
    units, but your units are tougher and more numerous, and you
    can defeat them.
    
    If the game doesn't end, you probably missed a wisp
    somewhere and that wisp is rebuilding in area you can't see.
    Send units on "rampant" and locate it, then send in your
    units to level the place.
    
    When you've wiped the map clean of enemy presence, you win!
    
    
    17.6.4    Fall of Archanon (Video)
         
    Cinematic: Finally, you hold both tears in your hand, and
    ultimate power is in your grasp! Setroth will show you where
    you can resurrect a great Undead army with Navarre, and with
    Lucifus' power, nothing can stand in your way...
    
    
    17.6.5    Battle of Dusk
         
    Briefing: no building.. You need to get Setroth into the
    tomb, which is covered with Undead... You start with some
    orcish armies, but not much more.
    
    Map Layout: your side and their side is divided by a pretty
    river with only two crossings.
    
    Overall strategy: Instead of mass assault, use lure-to-
    ambush. Lure a few units to you, smash them. Set units to
    guardian mode to have them stay put and shoot... You need to
    lure them to their destruction. You'll lose the bait units
    quite often, but be satisfied with destroying so many
    undead... Or you can use your hero as bait. By now he should
    be faster than any unit you have, and more hit points.
    
    You start on west side of the river. Have your trolls spread
    out and nab all the sheep you can find. There are a LOT of
    them. Set all units to GUARDIAN mode. Most your units close
    to the crossing, either the northern one or southern one
    would do. Put the ogres in front, in a row. The trolls just
    behind them, all facing the crossing. Put your hero with
    white mage and Gront just behind them, along with the goblin
    shaman. Behind them, put the orcs and the wolfriders.
    
    Send in a wolfrider and tease a few units from the bridge to
    you, and watch them go down from the barrage of rocks. To
    take care of the liches, send in Gront. His rocks are range
    8, unlike the liche's range 6 fireballs. He can get in range
    of one liche, and kill him with 2-3 rocks. Repeat for the
    other ones. Heal everybody.
    
    Feel free to send in some goblins to explore the land, but
    it's really not necessary. There are TWO bands of undead...
    The black faction blocking the crossings, and the red
    faction next to the temple. The black faction have more
    units, but they're relatively lousy, mainly wights and
    wraiths, with a few imps. Lure them one at a time to their
    destruction. Move across the river in slow but sure steps.
    Use the superior eyesight of the goblins as your scout,
    figure out where the enemy is not, line up, then lure them
    in.
    
    When you've cleaned up the map, and have Setroth next to the
    temple, you win!
    
    
    17.6.6    Attack on Guardia
         
    NOTE: This is probably the toughest mission in the campaign.
    
    Briefing: You are now leading the Undead. Destroy the
    dwarves and the humans. Gront, Setroth, and your hero must
    survive.
    
    Map layout: you start on the west side of the map. Dwarves
    are to the north, and they're already set up! The humans are
    to the south, and they will be attacking very quickly. There
    are also towers all over the place.
    
    Retinue: pick at least one zombie, as you need to build
    quickly. Bring a white mage, and another hard hitter.
    Trolls, Dryads, and such are good. Archons are great.
    
    Overall strategy: Your main problem is getting towers up
    fast enough to help you defend the darn place. You can't
    build just one... You need a set of 3 or 4. If you can kill
    the heroes that come visiting, you have the game mostly won.
    The main problem is... You can't get 4 towers up fast enough
    before the heroes come to visit... And if you send in your
    other units, you'll lose one of the critical units like
    Setroth or Gront.
    
    The alternative is to move your party north, then east, past
    the shrine, and attack the dwarf camp immediately. Leave
    your zombie and Setroth behind. The dwarf king has only a
    few crossbow and fighters up. With hard hitters you should
    be able to take care of the dwarves, kill the dwarf king,
    and claim his keep and mines.
    
    Send your hero to convert the mines to east and west  Have
    the zombies build 2 tombs against the northern edge. One
    keep builds zombies for the mines (gold mine first, then the
    ore mine), the other pump out skeletons. Convert them to
    wights ASAP, as those survive much longer, and you should
    have plenty of metal.
    
    As soon as the zombie's freed up, start building towers,
    usually to east of the keep, near the other group of mines.
    Put the wights inside. Build at least 2 towers, maybe
    another one just south of the hill. Put Gront behind the
    towers, and dryad inside one of them, your hero in another.
    Keep Setroth way in the back. He's too weak to fight and he
    dies immediately if the tower's destroyed (he can't run from
    those that wrecked the tower).
    
    With the towers, you should be able to fend off the
    occasional raids by the humans. Convert the most wounded
    units into more powerful form. Put more zombies into the
    other mines to east and west, build another tomb if you need
    to. Put down LOTS of tombstones along the top edge of the
    map in tight rows. You should have plenty of rocks and
    crystals to do it.
    
    Upgrade the keep when you can. Put a tower in front if you
    like, but most attacks should come from southeast as there's
    where the humans are. Keep making skeletons and upgrade them
    to wights and shadows. Build dungeon and barrow and such
    when you can to research the improvements.
    
    Build a couple eyries and make some bats to explore the map.
    Upgrade those when you can to make harpies. You'll find the
    human towers all over the place, and the town to the south,
    with lots of mines and such. One thing the humans are short
    on is anti-air (usually), so send a LOT of bats to raid his
    mines, and move the LONG way around (west, then south, then
    east).
    
    The bats should reveal the towers. Send a large group of
    wights (10 or so) against the towers, upgrade the most
    wounded to slayer knights. Don't forget to research those
    upgrades that double and triple damage. Keep making
    skeletons and upgrade them to wights and/or wraiths. Keep a
    group at home in case the humans raid you (keep some bats
    between you and them to act as "early warning" system).
    
    Continue sending the group of wights and wraiths and slayer
    knights out into the enemy town, and you'll wear them down.
    Send harpies and such against their mines to stop them from
    getting more gold and crystals and such. Keep them on the
    defensive. Wreck all his towers, then empty his town.
    
    In the meanwhile, have your hero start converting the mines
    to the west and southwest, though keep monitoring him, as he
    may run into human raiders, and maybe even the enemy hero if
    he's still around. Send some escorts if you like.
    
    Once you clean out the human town, send the groups out to
    sweep the map of any remaining humans. They may rebuild to
    the west (near your starting point).
    
    When you've wiped out the map of every last dwarf and human
    presence, you win!
    
    
    17.6.7    Siege of Esgaard
         
    Briefing: You are at Esgaard... The humans have found some
    allies in wood elves, Barbarians, and Orc hero leading
    minotaurs. Kill everybody else.
    
    Map Layout: this map is interesting as you start in the
    lower left corner (southwest), the humans, Barbarians, and
    wood elves are to the northeast. There's a big "lake" that
    covers almost a quarter of the map to southeast, and two
    shipyards, one on western shore of lake, and the other at
    northern shore. There's a line of towers between you and the
    humans, and a long series of mines all over the map.
    
    Retinue: bring at least one zombie, and some fast units
    capable of conversion, like a Dryad that can keep up with
    your hero. Don't forget a white mage if you got one.
    
    Overall strategy: Build, build, build, then upgrade,
    upgrade, upgrade. You need to play guerilla warfare with the
    resources. Convert the mines, let enemy hero convert them
    back, convert again... Repeat. Build enough wights and
    slayer knights and skeletons and shadows/wraiths to empty
    the map, starting with the elves.
    
    Started on the keep right away, then built three tombs. One
    tomb crank out skeletons, one make zombies, and one go after
    "burial", then more skeletons. Once burial is done, I had
    the zombie build like 20-40 gravestones in a row. The
    zombies goes into gold and ore mines, then crystal and stone
    mines.
    
    Strangely, the heroes never really bothered me too much.
    Except for one or two initial raids, they pretty much kept
    to converting the mines back and forth. I was able to build
    up a couple towers after saving enough resources, which are
    sufficient to repel the raids, after I put Dryad and such in
    the towers. I pumped enough zombies to fill up the gold mine
    and ore mine, so I start on the upgrades and the other
    buildings.
    
    In the meanwhile, the back-and-forth on the mines continued.
    They convert the mines, I convert them back after they're
    gone. There was once I ran into the wood elves party and
    those gladewardens shot me up pretty hard, so I abandoned
    the conversion and headed back to camp and attempt to heal.
    
    Any attacks by the 3 parties are easily dealt with 3 towers
    AND Gront, plus other units nearby. Keep skeletons in the
    towers. Wights are too valuable as attacking units.
    
    Build up a large group of skeletons, with 3 (and later, 4)
    tombs. Convert some skeletons to wights (probably the most
    damaged ones), and the rest to wraiths (you should have a
    large crystal surplus as well). Start sending them out on
    raids, while keeping a group at home as guard. Start
    patrolling for enemy towers and taking those out when I see
    one. Convert the most damaged wights into slayer knights
    and/or liches (when I get all the upgrades built).
    
    Start building eyries, and go after the gold mines and such
    with those giant bats. You don't want the humans to make a
    lot of knights, so strangle them economically. Remember to
    kill them economically is better than killing them
    physically.
    
    Research your own stuff to help the slayer knights be more
    power. Those double/triple damage upgrades are critical.
    
    There's a shipyard to east, but that's almost irrelevant.
    Enemy has some ships at the yard, but it's just a lake and
    they aren't going anywhere. However, beware of some enemy
    landing attempts. The Barbarians (Orc hero) may lead some
    amphibious attacks across the pond, but they're easily beat
    off.
    
    When I see enemy heroes leading the raid, I surround him
    with wraiths and shadows, and usually the hero is toast esp.
    if he lets himself to be surrounded. If the first time
    didn't work, attack again.
    
    Start taking over the rest of the mines with your hero (and
    a big escort, along with a zombie or two to build tomb/tower
    at the new site). Build a set of harpies, then everybody
    make dragons. Don't forget to add more gravestones to your
    main camp and other buildings. By now you should have PLENTY
    of stone and crystal.
    
    Send the bats out as sacrificial explorers. When they locate
    enemy structures, send in the harpies and bats to tear down
    the place. You will find the wood elves, usually at the
    north side (they may expand west) while Barbarians, south of
    Esgaard, may go even further south.
    
    Send in groups and groups of wraiths, shadows, wights,
    skeletons, and slayer knights. Spread them up slightly and
    send them all over the place and destroy all enemy units.
    Build more tombs to make more zombies for the new mines
    you'll take over, as well as make even MORE skeletons. Add
    even MORE gravestones.
    
    Upgrade your eyries, and start making dragons. You need a
    couple of those to go after enemy's navies.
    
    By this time, you probably have cleaned out the map except
    for that huge lake which covers the southeastern section of
    the map. Send in a few flight units and have them look
    around that large "lake".
    
    When the dragons are ready, send them into the lake and
    destroy all the warships and cruisers and such. Clean out
    the rest of the map as well using the dragons. Enemy may
    send a few Phoenix and Eagles, but your existing units and
    some shadows/wraiths can take care of them.
    
    Once you've destroyed everybody, you win!
    
    
    17.6.8    Grand Finale (Video)
         
    Cinematic: You are at the game of Esgaard, home of the
    guardian knights. You've dealt with Paridian/Minos already.
    You remember the prophecy, but you need to destroy the
    guardian knights as well... You crash the two tears
    together. There was blinding light... Then...
    
    You stood in the middle of devastation. There is nothing
    left around you.
    
    
    
    18   Miscellaneous
       
    
    18.1  MOVING/CONVERTING HEROES
    
    NOTE: Some of following info is taken from the WBC "Tomes of
    Knowledge".
    
    Q: I have created a hero in single player but I don't see
    him in multi-player/skirmish. Why?
    Q: I have created a hero in multi-player/skirmish but I
    don't see him in single-player. Why?
    
    A: The heroes for single player are separate from the
    multiplayer/skirmish heroes and are kept in separate files.
    When your single-player hero win the campaign, that hero
    will automatically be exported to the multiplayer/skirmish
    hero list.
    
    Q: What do I need to copy to use my hero on a different
    computer? Can I fit everything on a floppy disk?
    
    A: [Stevefawkner] You'll need to take 2 files:
    
    HERODATA.XCR-for your Skirmish Heroes
    
    CAMPAIGNHEROES.XCR-for any Campaign Heroes
    
    They should fit on a floppy, especially if you zip them
    first (but it depends on how many heroes you've created!).
    
    
    18.2  MULTIPLAYER INSTRUCTIONS
    
    
    
    --THE END--