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The PlayStation "FMV Skip" FAQ
               Written by Arlen Kwong (armorMODE@thekingoffighters.com.)
               Version 1.1

Last updated: 4/27/99 - Added Legal Information, updated Credits, info
				on the Atlas Repair Kit, added information on
				more modification techniques, added Legal 
				Disclaimer, added Table of Contents.

Wow. Yesterday, my PlayStation skipping really started to get on me. For 
those of you not enlightened, the PlayStation skips when it has been on 
for a very long time. The sound can also play very erraditcally. Or, it 
can start skipping when someone does not place his/her PlayStation in a 
adequate manner that reveals ventilation. The result is overheating that 
will change the PlayStation's various parts (through heat formation) and 
will change the performance of the system, sometimes very badly.

Well, I have seen lots of FAQs on the net and decided that many of them 
were either too hard to understand or too un-detailed. So, here's where 
this FAQ comes in. I hope that this FAQ will help all of you that have 
trouble with your PlayStation and horrible skipping. It contains some 
that do not require internal modifications of your FAQ, and some that 
do. Note that opening up your PlayStation will void your warranty - just 
that you know. :)

Remember, though, that no matter what you do, copied CDs will never work 
as better as black-bottom CDs. Simply put, the originals reflect CDs 
back to the PlayStation MUCH better than the others that are used to 
copy.

BEFORE YOU START ANYTHING - please read the legal disclaimer contained 
at the end of the document. That way, I won't get sued, and it will save 
me a lot of trouble. :)

////////////////////////
// Table of contents //
//////////////////////

*Legal Information
*PlayStations that skip the most
*Solutions, Part 1: No modification required
*Solutions, Part 2: Modification required
*Unconfirmed information
*Credits
*Legal disclaimer

////////////////////////
// Legal information //
//////////////////////

This FAQ is protected by international copyright law. 
Copyright 1999 Arlen Kwong.
Duplicate and distribute FAQ as you wish, as long as the FAQ remains in 
whole, and no modifications have been made to it. Commericial usage for 
profit is strictly prohibited.

For other uses, please contact me before going to town :)

//////////////////////////////////////
// PlayStations that skip the most //
////////////////////////////////////

Remember, that, though your skipping may just be a "once-in-a-million" 
thing, or it may be that your PlayStation just skipped a little bit, and 
nothing is really wrong. However, if problems persist, this list may 
help you....

SCPH-100X will skip a LOT unless you took lots of care of them. This 
means: unplugging the system after each usage, taking frequent breaks, 
etc. I've had my PlayStation for about four years now, and it skipped 
about three years after I got it. 

SCPH-300X has better technology inside the PlayStation, but it still 
isn't perfect. It will still skip eventually (which is common), but it 
is still better than the SCPH-100X.

SCPH-500X have very good technology. Their skipping is almost gone 
completely, and their sound is still superb.  

SCPH-700X have virtually no skipping, and is still excellent in terms of 
sound working properly.

//////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Solutions, Part 1: No modification required //
////////////////////////////////////////////////

Here are some very simple solutions that do not require internal 
modifications. They are also very easy to do. Try these techniques 
first, since they do not require anything messy. However, if you ARE the 
technical savvy type, then by all means try the others.

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@@ Better Ventilate your PlayStation @@
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

By flipping over your PlayStation, you can better ventilate it and make 
it easier for your worn-system to read CDs. You should also do this so 
that, even if it doesn't skip, your PlayStation probably won't skip for 
a very long time, since you ventilate your PlayStation so well.

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@@ Unplug your PlayStation @@
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

After playing with your PlayStation, always unplug it. Even though 
you've shut off your PlayStation, having it plugged in still makes it 
remain hot inside. Unplugging it after use will reduce heat inside 
significantly.

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@@ Atlas Repair Kit @@
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

My sources say that this kit is quote "BS." Apparently, it was stolen 
from a high school student in Indonesia by someone in Michigan. I am not 
sure if this information is true or not, but if anyone else knows 
anything, or actually HAS a Atlas Repair Kit, please e-mail me.

///////////////////////////////////////////////
// Soultions, Part 2: Modification required //
/////////////////////////////////////////////

DISCLAIMER: These techniques WILL void your PlayStation warranty, if 
any, and can potentially harm your PlayStation if not careful or 
technically savvy. Therefore, DO NOT MAKE A FOOL OF YOURSELF. If you 
really don't know what to do, send your PlayStation to Sony and they'll 
fix it for about $70. This still applies even if your warranty is gone.

I cannot be held liable for any damages caused, directly or indirectly, 
by these techniques. These techniques can, but no limited to: a) 
increased skipping, b) longer load times, or c) discs stop booting due 
to ineffective modification of the F-Gain switch.

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@@ Modifying the F-Bias and F-Gain switches @@
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

Ok! Enough of that legal information. This technique DEFINITELY 
minimizes skipping, in conjunction with flipping your system upside 
down. Before you continue:

(1) Get a Phillips-head screwdriver
(2) Get one of those extra-small flat-head screwdrivers

Alright, first, unplug your system and wait for it to cool for 10-15 
minutes. After that..

(1) Flip your system over

(2) Unscrew the five screws on the bottom of the PlayStation

(3) Flip your system right-side up again

(4) *GENTLY* life the casing on your PlayStation

(5) Now, look at the part where you put the disc in. Now, make your eyes  
    go southwest until you see *very* small writing on the motherboard 
    that says "F-Bias" and "F-Gain." The arrow pointing should lead you
    to a certain screw.

(6) By *slightly* adjusting it clockwise with your small flat-head, you 
    may produce better results. There are also three other similar 
    screws located on the motherboard. By all means, be *very* carefully
    when modifying the one that is closet to the F-Bias one. It can stop
    your CD from completely booting-up if you do change it too much (it
    happened to me).

(7) When you're sastisfied and want to try it out, just re-assemble your
    PlayStation and try again. If not and it doesn't work, try again!

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@
@@ Getting a technical repair for the lenses @@
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

Visit Omni31's page: http://i.am/omni31

//////////////////////////////
// Unconfirmed Information //
////////////////////////////

* Are there any more modification techniques???!! I know of at least one 
more technique seen on the web. Any help, people?

* Anymore information regarding this FAQ would be really great!

//////////////
// Credits //
////////////

<armorMODE@thekingoffighters.com.> .................. wrote FAQ

<omni31@earthlink.com> .............. info on Atlas Repair Kit :)

///////////////////////
// Legal disclaimer //
/////////////////////

This FAQ is only for informal purposes only! For the record, I never 
"intended" for you to do this. :)
The only reason I wrote this FAQ, for the record, is to make this 
information available to more people. However, that doesn't mean I 
endorse piracy, endorse constant, no-brainer modifications on your 
PlayStation, or anything like that.

By using this FAQ, you are responsible, and only you are, responsible 
for your actions.

Sorry about this section .... lousy legal sections take up precious room 
on my FAQ :)