hide results

    Circuit Histories Guide by Wolf Feather

    Version: 2.0 | Updated: 02/21/03 | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

                           PPPPP RRRR  OOOOO
                           P   P R  R  O   O
                           PPPPP RRRRR O   O
                           P     R   R O   O
                           P     R   R OOOOO
                        RRRR   AAA   CCC  EEEEE
                        R  R  A   A C   C E
                        RRRRR AAAAA C     EEEE
                        R   R A   A C   C E
                        R   R A   A  CCC  EEEEE
                  DDDD  RRRR  IIIII V   V EEEEE RRRR
                  D   D R  R    I   V   V E     R  R
                  D   D RRRRR   I   V   V EEEE  RRRRR
                  D   D R   R   I    V V  E     R   R
                  DDDD  R   R IIIII   V   EEEEE R   R
    Jamie Stafford/Wolf Feather
    Initial Version Completed: December 25, 2002
    Version 2.0 Completed:     February 21, 2002
    To be the first to know when my new and updated guides are
    released, join the FeatherGuides E-mail List.  Go to
    http://www.coollist.com/group.cgi?l=featherguides for
    information about the list and to subscribe for free.
    Spacing and Length
    Circuit History: A1 Ring
    Circuit History: Adelaide
    Circuit History: Bathurst
    Circuit History: Brands Hatch
    Circuit History: Bristol
    Circuit History: Canberra
    Circuit History: Catalunya
    Circuit History: Charlotte
    Circuit History: Dijon Prenois
    Circuit History: Donington Park
    Circuit History: Eastern Creek
    Circuit History: Fuji
    Circuit History: Hockenheim
    Circuit History: Knockhill
    Circuit History: Las Vegas
    Circuit History: Magny-Cours
    Circuit History: Mantorp Park
    Circuit History: Mexico
    Circuit History: Monza
    Circuit History: Norisring
    Circuit History: Nurburgring
    Circuit History: Oran Park
    Circuit History: Oschersleben
    Circuit History: Oulton Park
    Circuit History: Phillip Island
    Circuit History: Rockingham
    Circuit History: Sandown
    Circuit History: Sears Point
    Circuit History: Silverstone
    Circuit History: T1 Circuit AIDA
    Circuit History: Vallelunga
    Circuit History: Vancouver
    Circuit History: Zandvoort
    Circuit History: Zolder
    Contact Information
    For optimum readability, this driving guide should be
    viewed/printed using a monowidth font, such as Courier.
    Check for font setting by making sure the numbers and letters
    below line up:
    This guide is approximately 65 pages in length in the
    Macintosh version of Microsoft Word98 using single-spaced
    Courier 12-point font.  Therefore, it is probably NOT a good
    idea to print this guide in its entirety!!!!!
    Permission is hereby granted for a user to download and/or
    print out a copy of this driving guide for personal use.
    This driving guide may only be posted on: FeatherGuides,
    GameFAQs.com, f1gamers.com, PSXCodez.com, Cheatcc.com, Games
    Domain, gamesover.com, Absolute-PlayStation.com,
    RobsGaming.com, InsidePS2Games.com, CheatPlanet.com,
    RedCoupe, The Cheat Empire, a2zweblinks.com, Gameguru,
    CheatHeaven, IGN, GameReactors.com, cheatingplanet.com,
    neoseeker.com, and vgstrategies.com.  Please contact me for
    permission to post elsewhere on the Internet.
    Plagiarism is NOT tolerated!!!!!
    The 'ancient' predecessor to this section was a guide created
    due to a personal inquiry for a guide for F1 2002, as I was
    wishing to learn more about the history of the race venues
    then used in F1 competition; this section takes that
    information (from my Circuit Histories Guide) and expands it
    to cover other racing venues (F1 and otherwise) worldwide.
    This is not intended to be a detailed history of all the race
    venues, but more of a general overview of the many circuits
    included in Pro Race Driver.
    The majority of information for this guide comes from
    circuits' official Web sites, Formula1.com
    (http://www.formula1.com/), NASCAR.com
    (http://www.NASCAR.com/), and Driver Network
    (http://www.drivernetwork.net/).  In some cases, historical
    information is taken directly from the circuits' own official
    Web sites.
    The A1-Ring has been the host of F1's Grand Prix of Austria
    since 1997, but also hosts Truck Grand Prix, Classic Grand
    Prix, Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, and motorbikes, among
    other racing series.
    The 2002 Grand Prix of Austria was surrounded by controversy
    following an extreme Ferrari public relations faux pas.
    Reubens Barrichello had truly dominated the entire race
    weekend, and was definitely on his way to his second-ever F1
    win.  In the closing laps of the race, teammate Michael
    Schumacher (P2) began closing in on Barrichello, but the
    assumption was that this move was to allow Ferrari's cars to
    be close enough for a photo opportunity for its sponsors.
    However, since Michael Schumacher and Juan Pablo Montoya
    (Schumacher's closest expected competition) were at that
    point very close in points in the Drivers' Championship,
    Barrichello - who that week had signed a contract extension
    as the NUMBER TWO TEAM DRIVER behind Michael Schumacher - was
    ordered to pull aside in the final meters of the race to
    allow his teammate to gain an extra four points in his lead
    over Montoya (P1 awards 10 points; P2 awards 6 points).
    While FIA could not do anything against the team or the
    drivers for the team orders, the fans in the stands (and
    myself watching live on television at 7AM in Arizona) were
    FURIOUS.  Michael Schumacher having officially 'won' the race
    was to take the top rung on the podium, but instead took the
    second rung and pushed the 'true' winner Reubens Barrichello
    to the top rung; the FIA took objection to this and
    sanctioned the team and the drivers at a special hearing
    later in the year.
    F1 winners at A1-Ring: Jacques Villeneuve (1997), Mika
    Hakkinen (1998 and 2000), Eddie Irvine (1999), David
    Coulthard (2001), and Michael Schumacher (the official winner
    in 2002 - see the note on the controversy above, as many
    consider that Reubens Barrichello won the race).
    See the official Web site (http://www.a1ring.at/) for more
    information.  Unfortunately, it does not appear to have any
    historical information on the circuit itself, nor can I find
    any such information online.  Also, the official Web site is
    entirely in German, a language I cannot read.
    This 3.22-kilometer (2.01-mile) temporary street circuit was
    used for eleven years by Formula1 for the Grand Prix of
    Australia (which is now held at Albert Park in Melbourne).
    It is currently used by Australia's V8 Supercars series in
    the same configuration as the F1 series.
    Official history relating to the Clipsal 500 V8 Supercars
       Since the inaugural 1999 Sensational Adelaide 500
       attracted 162,000 patrons - a record for a national
       motorsport meeting in Australia, the event has not stopped
       growing in popularity and audience.
       The 2000 event attracted another record crowd for a
       national motorsport event, 164,000. The 2001 event raised
       the bar even higher, attracting a crowd of 166,800
       spectators and the 2002 event surpassed all expectations
       with a new record attendance of 171,200.
       The event has been awarded the AVESCO 'Motorsport Event of
       the Year' for each year - 1999, 2000, 2001, as well as the
       Yellow Pages Tourism Award as South Australia's best major
       festival or special event.
       Over its three-year history the Clipsal 500 Adelaide has
       provided economic benefit to SA totaling $44.9m, with
       visitor bed nights having increased forty two per cent to
       43,400, and the length of stay of visitors increasing from
       five to seven nights.
       This year [2002] 21,000 grandstand seats were built,
       providing  more than three thousand extra as compared with
       last year (2001).
       Corporate clients this year numbered over 8,000 per day.
       Increasing from the 2001 daily figure of 7,200.
       Employment as a result of the event has increased to 290
       full time job equivalents, while the media benefit (that
       is the value of international and national television,
       radio and press coverage) had grown by 32% over the past
       three years with the total value being $87.67m.
       A New Family Area was introduced to the event this year.
       The area, located in the Rymill Park Lake section of the
       circuit off Bartels Road (Adelaide Straight) was a
       designated 'dry zone' and provided a number of free
       attractions for children from 10am to 4pm each day,
       including face painting, a jumping castle, a horse & car
       carousel, and ladybird carousel. The area was complete
       with a Clipsal Vision Super screen for ease of viewing.
       This year two concerts were held at the event. The
       Saturday Night After Race Concert delivered the ultimate
       country show with a city appeal - featuring Lee Kernaghan
       and Beccy Cole, with the Sunday Night Concert featuring
       Australia's premiere male vocal group Human Nature, joined
       by special guest Deni Hines, and new South Australian
       talent, Candyce.
       The Clipsal 500 Adelaide track was modified for this
       year's event. The turn 8 / 9 chicane was removed making it
       a fast sweeper from Adelaide Straight on to Brabham
       The nominated charity to benefit from fundraising
       opportunities during the 2002 event was The Leukaemia
       Foundation of SA.
       The Clipsal 500 Adelaide television audience had grown,
       not only on Network 10 throughout Australia, but live in
       New Zealand and with a growing global audience which
       included South Africa, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Russia,
       forty four countries in Europe, the United Kingdom, the
       Middle East, Canada, the Caribbean, Mexico, the United
       States and South America.
    See the official Web site (http://www.clipsal500.com.au/) for
    more information.
    This information on the 1994 F1 race at Adelaide is provided
    by ViperMask, one of the biggest F1 fans I have ever met.  It
    is edited only for formatting purposes.
       Adelaide.  This was the final race of the 1994
       F1 season (the season often referred to as "The Year
       in Hell.") and during the race; Michael Schumacher
       messed up and tapped the wall at a turn.  Damon Hill
       cut to the inside on the next turn, but Michael (who
       have catched up) steered right into Damon Hill, taking
       them both out (and with Michael's Benetton riding on 2
       wheels for 3 seconds!)  Michael won the championship
       because he was leading in the points that season.
       Damon Hill, and many others (including me) blamed
       Michael for trying to take Damon out.
    From the official Web site of Bathurst 24 Hours (since there
    is no official Web site for the circuit itself;
    unfortunately, there is very little historical information
    available here):
       This unique circuit is located literally at the end of the
       main street of Bathurst, a city of 40,000 people with
       another 160,000 located within an 80-kilometer radius. It
       holds legendary status within Australian motorsport
       history, having hosted long distance races every year
       since 1963.
       The circuit runs 6.213 kms in an anti-clockwise direction.
       A lap time for FIA N-GT cars is expected to be in the 2
       min 10 sec to 2 min 15 sec region. Although it is usually
       a public road, the track is constructed to an extremely
       high standard for racing with excellent surfaces, width
       and safety. The main pit areas feature permanent lock-up
       garages (55) with overhead corporate hospitality suites.
       Additional temporary pit structures will be provided for
       the Bathurst 24hr situated along Mountain Straight. All
       pit garages will use the same pit exit lane to the
       Mount Panorama is the only active motor racing track in
       Australia, which is open to the public. It is 6.213 kms in
       length, 870 metres above sea level at its height, 670
       metres above sea level at its lowest point and has grades
       of up to 1 in 6.13 - downhill on the actual racing
    See the official Web site of Bathurst 24 Hours
    (http://www.bathurst24hr.com/) for more information.
    Events at Brands Hatch include: MRO Powerbike, BRSCC
    Championship, Aston Martin Race Weekend, Champion of Brands,
    Historic Superprix, British F3, WSB Championship, Ferrari and
    Maserati Festival, British Touring Cars, MG Racing
    Spectacular, and Formula Ford Festival.
    Official circuit history (from the Octagon Motorsports Web
       Since its birth in 1926 as a local bicycle-racing venue,
       Brands Hatch has become synonymous with the best of
       British motor racing. Situated in a natural bowl, the
       circuit provided panoramic views of all the action, so its
       popularity as a racing venue grew rapidly. In 1950 Brands
       Hatch consisted of a mile-long oval tarmac circuit, but
       extensions and improvements meant that by 1960, Brands
       Hatch was ready to host Grand Prix events, and to write
       itself into the history books.
       In 1964, Jim Clarks won the European Grand Prix - not long
       after, he posted the first 100 mph lap of the circuit. A
       regular Grand Prix venue in the 70's and 80's, Brands
       Hatch also provided Nigel Mansell with his first World
       Championship win in 1985.
    Unofficial circuit history (from grandprix.com):
       It was back in 1926 that a group of cyclists on the main
       road from London to Folkestone noticed a natural
       amphitheater on land belonging to Brands Hatch farm, near
       the village of West Kingsdown. After discussions with the
       local farmer it was agreed that the field could be used
       for bicycle racing and time trials. Within a couple of
       years motorcycles had begun to use the dirt track and a
       three-quarter mile circuit was laid out in the little
       valley. It remained in operation throughout the 1930s but
       it was not until after World War II that a proper
       organization was established. That came with the formation
       of Brands Hatch Stadium Ltd. in 1947 and later that year
       the organizers convinced the BBC to film motorcycle races
       to be transmitted on the new television network.
       In April 1950, with a new tarmac surface and extended to a
       mile, the track opened for car racing with 500cc Formula 3
       becoming the mainstay of the racing calendar. In 1953 the
       Universal Motor Racing Cub was established and a racing
       school was set up at the circuit. The following year the
       track was lengthened to 1.24-miles - with the addition of
       the hairpin at Druids Bend - and widened and the racing
       changed direction, the track having previously been anti
       clockwise. A grandstand, acquired from the Northolt
       trotting track, was added in 1955. The Le Mans disaster
       that year was to provide a boost to Brands Hatch as many
       of the rival postwar tracks were closed down because they
       were not safe enough.
       Brands Hatch managed to keep up with requirements and in
       1956 hosted its first Formula 2 race with victory going to
       Roy Salvadori, who was in considerable pain having broken
       several ribs in a crash in an earlier sportscar event.
       There was a second F2 race a month later which was won by
       Colin Chapman driving one of his own Lotus 11s. A third F2
       race at the end of the season established Brands Hatch as
       a serious racing circuit although it was obviously too
       short to attract any major international events. As a
       result the track authorities applied for planning
       permission to build an extension through the woods behind
       the track. The Kent County Council agreed and the new
       track hosted its first major race in August 1960 with
       victory in the non-championship Silver City Trophy F1 race
       going to Jack Brabham in a Cooper-Climax.
       The following year the circuit's press officer John Webb
       negotiated the sale of Brands Hatch to Grovewood
       Securities. He was put in charge of Motor Circuit
       Developments, the company which took over the management
       of the track. Major upgrading followed with new facilities
       added and new circuits acquired by MCD, including Mallory
       Park (1962), Snetterton (1963) and Oulton Park (1964). In
       July of that year Brands Hatch hosted its first World
       Championship F1 race, the RAC having agreed to alternate
       the British GP between Brands Hatch and Silverstone.
       From the earliest days Brands had a number of fatal
       accidents, but in the winter of 1965-66 Paddock Hill Ben
       in particular had acquired a dreadful eputation, for
       within a matter of months George Crossman, Tony Flory and
       Stuart Duncan were killed there and two others were
       seriously hurt. The death of Jo Siffert in October 1971
       would lead to major safety work in 1972.
       In the 1970s Brands Hatch played an important role in the
       development of Formula Ford and in 1976 took over the
       running of the Formula Ford Festival. Two years later
       Brands Hatch hosted a race featuring Indycars, imported
       for the occasion from the United States of America. Webb's
       abilities as an organizer even enabled the track to host
       the 1983 European Grand Prix at 10 weeks notice after the
       unexpected cancellation of the New York GP.
       The last British GP at Brands Hatch was held in 1986 with
       victory going to Nigel Mansell in a Williams-Honda. That
       year John Foulston bought Brands Hatch, Oulton Park and
       Snetterton from Grovewood Securities and established a new
       company called Brands Hatch Leisure. The following year
       the company bought Cadwell Park but tragedy struck when
       Foulston was killed while testing a McLaren Indycar at
       Silverstone. BHL was taken over by his widow Mary
       Foulston, although John Webb remained in charge until his
       retirement in 1990. The running of the group was then
       taken over by Nicola Foulston.
       Without a Grand Prix Brands Hatch concentrated on Formula
       3000 but a huge multiple accident in 1988 raised questions
       of safety again and by 1991 the F3000 circus turned its
       back on the track. Nicola Foulston was unperturbed and
       continued to develop BHL as a business. In 1996 she
       floated the company on the London Stock Exchange.
       This was a big success and Foulston began to make
       preparations for a bid for the British Grand Prix. In 1999
       she announced that she had acquired the rights to hold the
       race in 2002. Planning permission was sought for
       rebuilding work but while this was still being discussed
       Foulston sold the company to the giant American
       advertising firm Interpublic for $195m, a premium of 36%
       on the price of the shares.
    See the official Web site of Octagon Motorsports
    (http://circuits.octagonmotorsports.com/) for more
    information on this and other Octagon Motorsports race venues
    in the United Kingdom.
    First used for NASCAR in 1961, Bristol Motor Speedway is the
    shortest track on the current NASCAR calendar at 0.533 miles
    (0.853 kilometers) - thus it is known as 'The World's Fastest
    Half-mile.'  Formerly asphalt, the  Bristol, Tennessee, USA,
    circuit was converted to concrete in 1992, and boasts
    attendance easily topping 150,000 for NASCAR events.  The
    banking is thirty-six degrees in the corners and sixteen
    degrees on the straightaways.
    World of Outlaws and NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series have also
    held races at Bristol Motor Speedway.  Racing schools at
    Bristol Motor Speedway include Buck Baker Racing School, Fast
    Track High Performance Driving School, Jarrett Favre Driving
    Adventure, Richard Petty Driving Experience, SpeedTech Auto
    Racing School, and Roy Hill's Drag Racing School.
    Here is the history of Bristol Motor Speedway as given on the
    official Web site of the circuit:
       Bristol Motor Speedway could very easily have opened in
       1961 under a different name.  The first proposed site for
       the speedway was in Piney Flats but, according to Carl
       Moore, who built the track along with Larry Carrier and
       R.G. Pope, the idea met local opposition.  So the track
       that could have been called Piney Flats International
       Speedway was built five miles down the road on 11-E in
       The land that Bristol Motor Speedway is built on used to
       be a dairy farm.
       Larry Carrier and Carl Moore traveled to Charlotte Motor
       Speedway in 1960 to watch a race and it was then that they
       decided to build a speedway in Northeast Tennessee.
       However, they wanted a smaller model of CMS, something
       with a more intimate setting and opted to erect a half
       mile facility instead of mirroring the 1.5-mile track in
       Work began on what was then called Bristol International
       Speedway in 1960 and it took approximately one year to
       finish.  Many ideas for the track were scratched on
       envelopes and brown paper bags by Carrier, Moore and Pope.
       Purchase of the land on which BMS now sits, as well as
       construction of the track, cost approximately $600,000.
       The entire layout for BMS covered 100 acres and provided
       parking for more than 12,000 cars.  The track itself was a
       perfect half-mile, measuring 60 feet wide on the
       straightaways, 75 feet wide in the turns and the turns
       were banked at 22 degrees.
       Seating capacity for the very first NASCAR race at BMS -
       held on July 30, 1961 - was 18,000.  Prior to this race
       the speedway hosted weekly races.
       The first driver on the track for practice on July 27,
       1961 was Tiny Lund in his Pontiac.  The second driver out
       was David Pearson.
       Fred Lorenzen won the pole for the first race at BMS with
       a speed of 79.225 mph.
       Atlanta's Jack Smith won the inaugural event - the
       Volunteer 500 - at BMS on July 30, 1961.  However, Smith
       wasn't in the driver's seat of the Pontiac when the race
       ended.  Smith drove the first 290 laps then had to have
       Johnny Allen, also of Atlanta, take over as his relief
       driver.  The two shared the $3,225 purse.  The total purse
       for the race was $16,625.
       Nashville star Brenda Lee, who was 17 at the time, sang
       the national anthem for the first race at BMS.
       A total of 42 cars started the first race at BMS but only
       19 finished.
       In the fall of 1969 BMS was reshaped and remeasured.  The
       turns were banked at 36 degrees and it became a .533-mile
       The speedway was sold after the 1976 season to Lanny
       Hester and Gary Baker.
       In the spring of 1978 the track name was changed to
       Bristol International Raceway.
       In August of 1978 the first night race was held on the
       On April 1, 1982 Lanny Hester sold his half of the
       speedway to Warner Hodgdon.
       On July 6, 1983, Warner Hodgdon completed 100 percent
       purchase of Bristol Motor Speedway, as well as Nashville
       Speedway, in a buy-sell agreement with Baker.  Hodgdon
       named Larry Carrier as the track's general manager.
       On January 11, 1985, Warner Hodgdon filed for bankruptcy.
       After Warner Hodgdon filed for bankruptcy, Larry Carrier
       formally took possession of the speedway and covered all
       outstanding debts.
       In August of 1992 BMS became the first speedway to host a
       Winston Cup event that boasted a track surface that was
       all concrete.
       On Jan. 22, 1996, Larry Carrier sold the speedway to
       Bruton Smith at a purchase price of $26 million. At the
       time of the sale, the facility seated 71,000.
       On May 28, 1996 the track's name was officially changed to
       Bristol Motor Speedway.
       By August of 1996, 15,000 seats had been added bringing
       the seating capacity to 86,000.
       BMS continued to grow and by April of 1997 was the largest
       sports arena in Tennessee and one of the largest in the
       country, seating 118,000. The speedway also boasted 22 new
       For the August 1998 Goody's 500 the speedway featured more
       than 131,000 grandstand seats and 100 skyboxes.
       Improvements to the speedway since Smith took possession
       are in excess of $50 million.
       The seating capacity for the Food City 500 in March of
       2000 was 147,000 as the Kulwicki Terrace and Kulwicki
       Tower were completed.
    Some notable track facts (taken from the official Web site):
    - Kurt Busch won his first career Winston Cup race in the
      2002 running of the Food City 500.
    - Tony Stewart's initial Bristol win came in the 2001 Sharpie
    - Elliott Sadler's victory in 2001 Food City 500 was the
      first for Bristol victory for Stuart, Va.'s, famed Wood
      Brothers team.
    - In 21 of 40 years since Bristol opened, a driver who won a
      Winston Cup race at Bristol went on to win the series title
      later the same year.
    - Rusty Wallace snapped Jeff Gordon's four-year Food City 500
      winning streak in 1999 and got his 50th win in 2000.
    - WCS track qualifying record: Jeff Gordon, 127.216 mph,
      15.083 sec. 126.37 mph, 3/22/02.
    - WCS race record: Charlie Glotzbach, 101.074 mph (2:38:12),
    - Most Bristol wins (driver): Darrell Waltrip, 12 (seven
    - Most Bristol wins (car owner): Junior Johnson, 21 (eight
    - Most Bristol wins (manufacturer): Chevrolet, 36 (Ford is
      second with 23).
    - Most Bristol poles (driver): Cale Yarborough, nine.
    - Johnny Allen crossed the finish line first in the inaugural
      BMS race, but he was driving in relief of Jack Smith, who
      gets credit for Bristol's first victory.
    For NASCAR, race speed records are:
    - Winston Cup: C. Glotzbach at 101.074MPH (161.718KPH, set
      July 11, 1971)
    - Busch Series: H. Gant at 92.929MPH (148.686KPH, set April
      4, 1992)
    - Craftsman Trucks: R. Carelli at 83.992MPH (134.387KPH, set
      June 22, 1996)
    See the official Web site
    (http://www.bristolmotorspeedway.com/) for more information
    as well as photo galleries.
    No information or official Web site found.
    The Circuit de Catalunya near Barcelona has hosted the Grand
    Prix of Spain since 1997.  The circuit hosts numerous forms
    of racing, including FIA Sportscar Championship, Spanish
    Formula-1 Grand Prix, 24 HOURS MOTORBIKE ENDURANCE, 24 HOURS
    CAR ENDURANCE, Catalunya Motorbike Championship, Spanish GT's
    Championship, Truck GP, and certainly F1 Racing; Catalunya
    even holds courses for the preparation of racing officials.
    Many teams also use the circuit for practice and testing.
    The circuit has three configurations: Grand Prix (7.563
    kilometers, or 4.727 miles), National (4.907 kilometers, or
    3.067 miles), and School (2.725 kilometers, or 1.703 miles).
    F1 winners at Catalunya: Jacques Villeneuve (1997), Mika
    Hakkinen (1998-2000), and Mika Hakkinen (2001 and 2002).
    See the official Web site (http://www.circuitcat.com) for
    more information.  Unfortunately, it does not have any
    historical information on the circuit, nor can I find any
    such information online.
    Named 'Charlotte' in Pro Race Driver, this is really now
    known as Lowe's Motor Speedway.  The complex sports both a
    superspeedway (which is highly famous amongst NASCAR fans)
    and a dirt track (which is highly famous amongst World of
    Outlaws fans).
    Here is the circuit history from the official Web site:
       Lowe's Motor Speedway was designed and built in 1959 b
       current chairman O. Bruton Smith. The late Curtis Turner,
       one of stock car racing's earliest driving stars, was
       Smith's business partner.
       At the time Smith, a native of Oakboro, N.C., was an
       automobile dealer and short-track stock car racing
       promoter at Concord Motor Speedway and the Charlotte
       Fairgrounds. Turner, a Virginian who amassed his money in
       the lumber industry, became one of the first drivers on
       the NASCAR circuit after the sanctioning body debuted in
       Together, they built their dream of a 1.5-mile
       superspeedway on the outskirts of The Queen City and, on
       June 19, 1960, the first World 600 was run at the new
       In 1961, like many superspeedways of the era, the track
       fell into Chapter 11 reorganization from which it
       eventually emerged despite lagging ticket sales.
       After his departure from the speedway in 1962, Smith
       pursued other business interests in Texas and Illinois.
       Working within Ford Motor Company's dealership program,
       Smith became quite successful and began purchasing shares
       of stock in Lowe's Motor Speedway. By 1975 Smith had again
       become the majority stockholder in the speedway, regaining
       control of its day-to-day operations.
       He hired current President H.A. 'Humpy' Wheeler as general
       manager and the two began to implement plans for needed
       improvements and expansion.
       During the ensuing 25 years, Smith and Wheeler
       demonstrated a commitment to customer satisfaction,
       building a facility that continuously established new
       industry standards.
       Thousands of grandstand seats and luxury suites were
       built. Food concessions and restroom facilities were added
       and modernized to increase the comfort of race fans.
       Smith Tower, a 135,000-square-foot, seven-story facility
       connected to the speedway's grandstands, was erected and
       opened in 1988. The building houses the speedway's
       corporate offices, ticket office, souvenir gift shop,
       leased office space and The Speedway Club, an exclusive
       dining and entertainment facility.
       Under the watchful eye of Smith and direction of Wheeler,
       in 1984 Lowe's Motor Speedway became the only sports
       facility in America to offer year-round living
       accommodations when it built 40 condominiums high above
       turn one. Twelve additional condominium units were added
       in 1991.
       Another innovation implemented by Smith and Wheeler was a
       $1.7 million, 1,200-fixture permanent lighting system
       developed by MUSCO Lighting of Oskaloosa, Iowa. The
       revolutionary lighting process uses mirrors to simulate
       daylight without glare, shadows or obtrusive light poles.
       The lighting system was installed in 1992, allowing Lowe's
       Motor Speedway to be the first superspeedway to host night
       auto racing.
       Ever cognizant of the competitors as well as the
       spectators, Smith and Wheeler added a new $1 million,
       20,000-square-foot Winston Cup garage area in 1994.
       Other additions and improvements include the development
       of the speedway's 2,000-plus acres. In addition to the
       speedway, the property, some of which is leased, includes
       an industrial park that serves as home to several
       motorsports-related businesses, a modern landfill facility
       operated by BFI and a natural wildlife habitat.
       In addition to the 1.5-mile quad oval, the Lowe's Motor
       Speedway complex includes a 2.25-mile road course and a
       six-tenths-mile karting layout in the speedway's infield;
       a quarter-mile asphalt oval utilizing part of the
       speedway's frontstretch and pit road; and a one-fifth-mile
       oval located outside turn three of the superspeedway.
       Three NASCAR Winston Cup events, two NASCAR Busch Series
       races, a pair of Automobile Racing Club of America events
       and a Goody's Dash Series race are among the events held
       each year on the 1.5-mile superspeedway. The FasTrack
       Driving School and the Richard Petty Driving Experience
       also use the track extensively throughout the year.
       Other events on the various tracks include a weekly,
       nationally televised short track series for Legends Cars;
       Sports Car Club of America national and regional
       competitions; American Motorcycle Association events; and
       World Karting Association regional, national and
       international races.
       In May 2000, a state-of-the-art four-tenths-mile clay
       oval-The Dirt Track @ Lowe's Motor Speedway-was complete
       across Highway 29 from the speedway. The stadium-style
       facility has nearly 15,000 seats and plays host to the
       Pennzoil World of Outlaws sprint cars, dirt late model
       stock cars, the AMA Grand National motorcycles, the
       Advance Auto Parts Modified Super DIRT Series and Monster
       Lowe's Motor Speedway also annually presents two of the
       nation's largest car shows and swap meets-the Food Lion
       AutoFairs in April and September-and rents the facility
       more than 300 days per year. Corporations such as IBM,
       UNOCAL, Miller Brewing, Coca-Cola, Duracell, Wendy's and
       Lipton Tea have rented the speedway to film television
       commercials or to entertain employees and clients with
       food, music and race car rides.
       Motion pictures such as 'Days of Thunder,' 'Speedway' and
       'Stroker Ace' and even music videos like Tracy Lawrence's
       'If the Good Die Young' have been filmed at the speedway.
       Adding to rental dates are race team testing and
       automobile manufacturer research.
       Smith and Wheeler will quickly point out they have yet to
       complete their vision, and they continue to improve and
       expand the facility.
       More than 10,000 stadium-style seats, 20 new executive
       suites and 40 special 32-seat boxes were built in turn
       four in 1995. In May 1997, the Diamond Tower Terrace
       grandstand was opened along the backstretch to accommodate
       an additional 26,000 race fans for The Winston and Coca
       Cola 600. In May 1998, an 11,000-seat expansion of the new
       Diamond Tower Terrace was completed, bringing the total
       seating capacity of Lowe's Motor Speedway to approximately
       147,000. Then in May 1999, more than 10,000 new seats were
       completed in the Fourth Turn Terrace grandstand. A 10,860
       seat expansion of the Ford grandstand on the frontstretch
       was completed in May 2000, bringing the speedway's total
       seating capacity to 167,000.
       These additions are all part of a long-term project
       calling for additional grandstand seating, infrastructure
       improvements, spectator amenities and the development of
       adjacent land for possible commercial real estate
       Building on the basic philosophy of keeping spectator and
       competitor comfort a high priority, Lowe's Motor Speedway
       continues to be a leading promoter and marketer of
       motorsports activities in the United States.
    See the official Web site
    (http://www.charlottemotorspeedway.com/) for more
    This French circuit hosts numerous events: F3, GT, F.Renault
    Coupe 206CC, Porsche Carrera Cup, an historic Ferrari
    weekend, Historics Grand Prix, Euro 3000, and F3000.
    Motorcycle events here include 125cc Open, 250cc Open, 600
    Supersport, Super Production, Hornet Cup, Aprilia Cup, Coupe
    Ducati Club, and Side Car.
    Historical information (translated and abridged):
       1968: Beginning of the 'Automobile Stadium Project'
       May 26, 1972: Inauguration of Circuit Dijon-Prenois at
       3.289km (2.056 miles)
       June 4, 1972: First race - European Prototype Championship
       1974: Host of the first Grand Prix of France (F1); winner:
       Ronnie Peterson
       1975: Host of Grand Prix of Switzerland (F1); winner: Clay
       1977: Host of Grand Prix of France; winner: Mario Andretti
       1981: Host of Grand Prix of France; winner: Alain Prost
       (his first F1 win)
       1984: Final F1 Grand Prix race held at Dijon-Prenois;
       winner: Niki Lauda
    See the official Web site (http://www.circuit-dijon-
    prenois.com/) for more information.  However, the Web site is
    currently only available in French.
    The Donington Park venue holds two circuits: the National
    Circuit and the International Circuit (the latter includes
    the parallel straightaways behind the Paddock Area).
    Donington Park is billed as a great place for car testing and
    launches, and also has days where the average drivers can
    take their cars and motorcycles to the tracks.  The Honda Ron
    Haslam Race School also used Honda Hornets, CBR600 and
    CBR900RR Fireblades to train people of all ages and abilities
    on motorcycles.  There is also the public Donington Grand
    Prix Collection museum, which contains more than 150 grand
    prix cars from the 1930s to the present.
    Race events include: Historic Sports Car Club Championships,
    British Formula 3 and British GT Championships, German
    Touring Car Masters, Donington Vintage and Historic Car
    Weekend, Cinzano British Motorcycle Grand Prix, Ford Racing
    Festival, Mini Racing Festival, MCN British Superbike
    Championship, BRSCC Car Championship, and British Truck
    Racing Championship.
    The official Web site (http://www.donington-park.co.uk/)
    unfortunately does not include any historical information.
    This information on the 1993 F1 race at Donington Park is
    provided by ViperMask, one of the biggest F1 fans I have ever
    met.  It is edited only for formatting purposes.
       You forgot about one of the GREATEST
       drives in Formula 1 history.  In 1993 the weather was
       absoulutely MISERABLE.  Ayrton Senna qualified 4th in
       a uncompetitive McLaren Ford with a 1 year old Ford
       engine.  When the race started, he dropped to 5th
       place but he was able to over take Michael Schumacher
       in the Benetton, Karl Wendlinger in the Sauber, Damon
       Hill in the Williams, and FINALLY Alain Prost in the
       Williams ALL IN THE FIRST LAP IN THE RAIN.  Also,
       during the post-race press conference, Prost said he
       had a bad set-up, and was blaming the car, so Senna
       said to him "So why don't you trade cars with me?"
       Which sparked a lot of laughs from everyone except
       Alain.  The following URL has the first lap of
    This 3.93-kilometer (2.456-mile) circuit hosts V8 Supercars,
    many Formula series, a number of sports cars and sports
    sedans series, touring cars, production cars, and numerous
    national and support motorcycle series.  The pit straight
    even incorporates a drag strip, and the circuit permits the
    average driver to enter cars and motorbikes for drag racing
    events (so long as the vehicle is road-registered).
    See the official Web site (http://www.eastern-creek-
    raceway.com/) for more information.  This Web site
    unfortunately does not include historical information.
    This Japanese circuit is perhaps most notable to North
    American classic video game enthusiasts from its appearance
    in Atari's Pole Position series in the stand-up arcades of
    the 1980s.  There are a few of these classic Pole Position
    and Pole Position II arcade boxes still in existence,
    although the best bet for finding these games now is on the
    various gaming consoles.  However, those who prefer the
    version of the circuit in the Pole Position series will be
    rather disappointed at the chicanes added along the faster
    sections of the Fuji circuit.
    See the official Web site (http://www.fujispeedway.co.jp/)
    for information.  There is virtually NO information on the
    English-language portion of the site, and NO historical
    information.  The majority of information on the site is
    available only in the Japanese-language section.
    The Hockenheim circuit was an EXCELLENT and very high-speed
    race venue until 2002, when the circuit was redesigned and
    severely shortened while accommodations were added to bring
    in even more spectators than before.  The former Hockenheim
    configuration ran almost entirely through the German forest.
    The circuit was designed in 1932, and hosts F1 and many other
    forms of motorsport.
    Notable F1 winners at Hockenheim: Niki Lauda (1977), Mario
    Andretti (1978),  (1981, 1986, and 1987), Alain Prost (1984,
    1993), Ayrton Senna (1988-1990), Nigel Mansell (1991 and
    1992), Michael Schumacher (1995, 2002), and Mika Hakkinen
    The official Web site (http://www.hockenheimring.de/) is
    unfortunately only available in German - which is a language
    I cannot read :-(
    The official Web site (http://www.knockhill.co.uk/) is
    unfortunately unavailable, loading only a single blank page
    at the time of the writing of this guide.
    Las Vegas Motor Speedway sports a superspeedway, 'bullring,'
    drag strip, and dirt track.  Amongst these four venues, more
    than four hundred different racing events were held on LVMS
    property in 2002.
    Circuit history from the official Web site:
       #  Sept. 15, 1996-Inaugural Indy Racing League Las Vegas
       500k, won by Richie Hearn.
       # Nov. 3, 1996-NASCAR Craftsman Truck Carquest 420k, won
       by Jack Sprague.
       # March 16, 1997-NASCAR Busch Grand National 300, won by
       Jeff Green. Oct. 11, 1997-Las Vegas 500k Indy Racing
       League, won by Eliseo Salazar.
       # Nov. 9, 1997 NASCAR Craftsman Truck Carquest 420k, won
       by Joe Ruttman.
       # Feb. 28, 1998-NASCAR Busch series Sam's Town 300, won by
       Jimmy Spencer.
       # March 1, 1998-Inaugural Las Vegas 400 NASCAR Winston
       Cup, won by Mark Martin.
       # Oct. 11, 1998-Pep Boys Indy Racing League Las Vegas
       500k, won by Arie Luyendyk.
       # Nov. 8, 1998-NASCAR Craftsman Truck Sam's Town 250, won
       by Jack Sprague.
       # March 6, 1999-NASCAR Busch Series Sam's Town 300, won by
       Mark Martin.
       # March 7, 1999-NASCAR Winston Cup Las Vegas 400, won by
       Jeff Burton.
       # September 24, 1999-Nascar Craftsman Truck Series Orleans
       250, won by Greg Biffle
       # September 25, 1999-Nascar Winston West Gold Coast 150,
       won by Kevin Richards
       # September 26, 1999-Pep Boys Indy Racing League
       Vegas.com., won by Sam Schmidt
       # March 5, 2000-NASCAR Busch Series Sam's Town 300, won by
       Jeff Burton
       # March 6, 2000-NASCAR Winston Cup Series Carsdirect.com
       400, won by Jeff Burton
       # April 7, 2000-Inaugural NHRA Summitracing.com Nationals,
       winners were Kenny Bernstein (TF), Jim Epler (FC), Jeg
       Coughlin Jr. (PS), Bob Panella (PST), Angelle Seeling
       # April 21, 2000-NASCAR Winston West, Orleans 150, won by
       David Starr
       # April 21, 2000-IRL Vegas Indy 300, won by Al Unser Jr.
       # March 1, 2001-NASCAR Winston West NAPA 300, won by Mark
       # March 3, 2001-NASCAR Busch Series Sam's Town 300, won by
       Todd Bodine
       # March 4, 2001-NASCAR Winston Cup UAW-DaimlerChrysler
       400, won by Jeff Gordon
       # April 8, 2001-NHRA Summitracing.com Nationals, won by
       Kenny Bernstein (TF), Tommy Johnson Jr. (FC), Jeg Coughlin
       Jr. (PS), Bob Panella (PST)
       # Oct. 14, 2001, NASCAR Craftsman Truck Orleans 350, won
       by Ted Musgrave
       # Oct. 28, 2001, Inaugural NHRA ACDelco Las Vegas
       Nationals, won by Darrell Russell (TF), Ron Capps (FC),
       Mark Pawuk (PS) and Shaun Gann (Bikes)
       # March 2, 2002, NASCAR Busch Series Sam's Town 300, won
       by Jeff Burton.
       # March 3, 2002, NASCAR Winston Cup UAW-DaimlerChrysler
       400, won by Sterling Marlin
       # April 7,2002, NHRA Summitracing.com Nationals, won by
       Larry Dixon (TF), Gary Densham (FC) and Ron Krisher (PS).
    See the official Web site (http://www.lvms.com/) for more
    Characterized by its three parallel straightaways (which can
    be aurally difficult for drivers while on the middle
    straightaway), Nevers Magny-Cours has hosted F1 events since
    1991.  The 4.226-kilometer (2.641-mile) circuit is also used
    for Motorbikes Championship, FIA GT Championship, Formula
    Renault 2000 Eurocup, FIA Sportcar Championship, Formula
    Nissan, historical races, and various endurance races.
    F1 winners at Nevers Magny-Cours: Nigel Mansell (1991 and
    1992), Alain Prost (1993), Michael Schumacher (1994, 1995,
    1997, 1998, 2001, and 2002), Damon Hill (1996), Heinz-Harald
    Frentzen (1999), and David Coulthard (2000).
    Visit the official Web site (http://www.magnycours.com/) for
    more information.  Unfortunately, the site does not include
    any circuit history in either the French- or English-language
    versions of the site.
    This information on the 1996 F1 race at Magny-Cours is
    provided by ViperMask, one of the biggest F1 fans I have ever
    met.  It is edited only for formatting purposes.
       As for Magny-Cours, Heinz Harald Frentzen's win was a
       very special one.  He made a BEAUTIFUL drive in the
       wet, in the Jordan Mugen-Honda.  It was one of the
       races that made HHF into a superstar driver AND the
       Driver of the Year in 1999.
    The official Web site (http://www.mantorppark.com/) is
    currently available only in Swedish, so a circuit history is
    not available in English.
    This 2.75-mile (4.40-kilometer) permanent road circuit began
    hosting CART events in 2001.  As such, there is no real
    history available for this circuit.
    Please see the official Web site
    (http://www.telmexgigantegranpremiomexico.com/) for
    Originally opened in 1922 to commemorate the twenty-fifth
    anniversary of the Milan Automobile Club, the Monza circuit
    (Autodromo Nazionale Monza), near Milan, Italy, has been the
    site of more F1 grand prix events than any other.  The Monza
    circuit has seen numerous configurations, including the
    famous banked section from 1955 to 1961.
    Monza has always been an incredibly fast race venue... and
    with this speed comes even greater danger.  Phil Hill's 1961
    race victory (his second consecutive win at Monza) was
    severely overshadowed by a collision between Jim Clark and
    Wolfgang von Trips which took the lives of the latter driver
    and over one dozen spectators.  A 1970 mechanical failure
    during Qualifying killed Jochen Rindt, so one may not be
    surprised that chicanes, guard rails, and reinforced fencing
    were added beginning in 1972 as an attempt to slow the cars
    and make Monza's events safer for all involved; however, the
    chicanes specifically were really just makeshift safety
    measures due to the increasing performance in virtually all
    realms of motorsport.  In more recent years, the opening lap
    of the 2000 Grand Prix of Italy was seriously marred by the
    death of a trackside race marshal due to all the flying
    debris at the Roggia Chicane (the second chicane of the
    circuit).  While there were no dangerous incidents at the
    2001 Grand Prix of Italy, that particular event happened to
    be scheduled for the first weekend following the world-
    shocking terrorist attacks on the United States (September
    11, 2001) AND the near-fatal accident at a new race venue in
    Germany (the previous afternoon) which forced the amputation
    of the legs of CART driver Alex Zanardi; these events cast a
    dark shadow over the race itself as well as the entire Grand
    Prix weekend.
    On a far more positive note, Williams driver Juan Pablo
    Montoya - truly making his first great impact upon the F1
    world following several years of astounding success in CART -
    broke Keke Rosberg's twenty-seven-year record for the fastest
    ever F1 qualifying lap.  Rosberg's then record-setting lap
    was 259.005KPH (161.878MPH) set at Silverstone; Montoya's new
    record-setting lap was 259.827KPH (162.392MPH).  What makes
    Montoya's achievement even more impressive is that Michelin-
    shod F1 vehicles (led by Williams and McLaren) have generally
    not been able to compete with Bridgestone-shod cars (led by
    The Monza circuit has seen all sorts of motorsport events,
    including motorcycles and touring cars, and currently is
    5.736 kilometers (3.585 miles) in length.  A recent Italian
    telefilm on the life of Enzzo Ferrari exclusively used the
    Monza circuit for its racing shots using time-appropriate
    Notable F1 winners at Monza: Alberto Ascari (1951 and 1952),
    Juan Manuel Fangio (1953-1955), Stirling Moss (1956 and
    1957), Stirling Moss (1959), Jim Clark (1963), Jackie Stewart
    (1965 and 1969), Emerson Fittipaldi (1972), Mario Andretti
    (1977), Niki Lauda (1978 and 1984), Alain Prost (1981, 1985,
    and 1989), Nelson Piquet (1983, 1986, and 1987), Ayrton Senna
    (1990 and 1992), Michael Schumacher (1996, 1998, 2000, and
    2002), and Juan Pablo Montoya (2001).
    The official Web site of Autodromo Nazionale Monza
    (http://www.monzanet.it/) has plenty of great information,
    including a large track map of Monza's various configurations
    and plenty of images of racing action on Monza's banked
    The official Web site (http://www.autohausamnorisring.de/) is
    only available in German, so a circuit history is not
    Originally 22.677 kilometers (14.173 miles) in length, the
    Nurburgring first opened in 1927 (following two years of
    construction) and is still going strong.  The opening events
    featured motorcycles (June 18, 1927), with cars featured the
    following day.  The 1939 German Grand Prix was the final race
    at Nurburgring for quite some time due to the beginning of
    World War II.  The circuit itself was damaged in the closing
    months of the war, but racing returned to Nurburgring in
    1947.  However, there were no races at Nurburgring in 1948,
    as the circuit was being brought up to safety standards.
    Nurburgring began hosting F1 events in 1951.  Estimates show
    that 400,000 spectators came to the track for the 1954 F1
    race.  In 1958, however, the F1 race saw the death of Peter
    Collins as his Ferrari went out of control.
    The 1968 world motorcycle championship at Nurburgring had a
    strange stoppage: a forest fire.  The F1 Grand Prix later
    that year had nearly impossible visibility due to intense
    rain and fog.
    In 1970, the Northern Loop of the circuit was called into
    question after numerous accidents.  Improvements were made
    for the following year, when 130,000 spectators witnessed
    Jackie Stewart winning the F1 Grand Prix.  More improvements
    were demanded in 1974 (first by motorcyclists, then by F1
    drivers).  When Nikki Lauda was seriously injured in 1976,
    the Northern Loop was decommissioned as an F1 venue.
    A new, shorter circuit was then designed and built, opening
    in 1984 at 4.542 kilometers (2.839 miles) in length.  Alan
    Prost won that year's European Grand Prix.  In 1986, however,
    the F1 race moved to Hockenheim.  1995 saw the return of F1
    to Nurburgring, and the historic race venue has produced
    excellent races ever since.
    Some of the notable F1 winners at Nurburgring: Alberto Ascari
    (1951 and 1952), Juan Manuel Fangio (1954-1956), Stirling
    Moss (1961), Jim Clark (1965), Jack Brabham (1966), Jackie
    Stewart (1968, 1971, and 1973), Alain Prost (1984), Michael
    Schumacher (1995, 2000, and 2001), Jacques Villeneuve (1996
    and 1997), Mika Hakkinen (1998), and Rubens Barrichello
    See the official Web site (http://www.nuerburgring.de/) for
    plenty more details about the Nurburgring.
    Oran Park contains two separate circuits which are joined for
    form the Grand Prix circuit of 2.7 kilometers (1.7 miles)
    which is used for V8 Supercar.
    From the official Web site:
       Oran Park is a motorsport facility steeped in history. The
       facility was established by the Singer Car Club 40 years
       ago. In its early days it would host one race per day.
       The circuit initially consisted only of the current south
       circuit, with the extended Grand Prix figure-8 layout not
       being incorporated into the track until the 1970s.
       Oran Park has played to host to a number unique and
       exciting events. It has hosted Australian Grand Prix, been
       the home of truck racing and was the home of the final
       round of the Australian Touring Car Championship for quite
       some time. Oran Park was instrumental in running Sports
       Sedans racing, that captivated Sydney motor racing fans in
       the 1970s (and still proves very popular today).
       Oran Park is a multi-faceted faclity, and includes a
       number of separate tracks and a driver training facility.
       Oran Park boasts the famous Grand Prix circuit, which is a
       challenging figure-8 layout, with a combination of fast
       sweepers and tight, technical corners.
       The Grand Prix Circuit is able to be split up and used
       concurrently as South and North Circuits. The South Cicuit
       incorporates the long straight, while the North Circuit
       incorporates the figure-8 section of the track and is a
       short and challenging track.
       Additionally, Oran Park has a Skid Pan for driver
       training, two dirt circuits for off road events, a
       motorcross track, and a popular go-kart circuit.
    See the official Web site (http://www.oranpark.com/) for more
    The official Web site (http://www.motopark.de/) is only
    available in German, so a circuit history is not available.
    Located near Cheshire, England, this circuit hosts British
    Touring Car Championship, British Superbike Championship, and
    British GT Championship, along with numerous club series.
    Official circuit history from Octagon Motorsports:
       Oulton Park first established itself as the North West's
       premier motorsport venue in the 1950s. A decade later, it
       was hosting international meetings, and among the winners
       were household names such as Stirling Moss, Jack Brabham,
       Jackie Stewart and Graham Hill. The circuit has been
       extended over the years, and boasts the unique distinction
       of having three circuits in one. This allows Oulton Park
       to present a racing programme that includes something for
       just about every motorsport enthusiast. Unusually, it is
       also able to seat spectators within the perimeter of the
       circuit, providing unrivalled views of the action.
    See the official Web site of Octagon Motorsports
    (http://circuits.octagonmotorsports.com/) for more
    information on this and other Octagon Motorsports race venues
    in the United Kingdom.
    In 1952, the Phillip Island Auto Racing Club was formed with
    the vision of building the first international grand prix
    circuit in Australia.  In December 1956, the circuit finally
    Major events held at Phillip Island include Australian
    Superbike Championship, World Superbike Championship, V8
    Supercar Championship Series, Konica V8 Supercars, and
    Australian Motorcycle Grand Prix.
    See the official Web site
    (http://www.phillipislandcircuit.com.au/) for more
    information, including a highly-detailed circuit history.
    Rockingham Motor Speedway hosts an 'oval' circuit plus an
    infield road circuit (i.e., a 'stadium circuit'), allowing
    for many types of racing at this British facility.  Events
    here include Ascar Oval Race Meeting, Classic Motorcycle Race
    Meeting, British Superbike Race Meeting, F3/GT, ASCAR Oval
    Race Meeting, CART Rockingham 500, Uniroyal Challenge with
    Formula Palmer Audi & VSR Club Race Meeting, and BRDC Winter
    See the official Web site (http://www.rockingham.co.uk/) for
    more information.  Unfortunately, a circuit history is not
    given on the official Web site.
    The official Web site (http://www.sandownraceway.com.au/) is
    extremely slow and virtually unresponsive at the time of the
    initial writing of this game guide.
    Sears Point Raceway is now officially known as Infineon
    Raceway.  This is the site of one of NASCAR's two road
    circuit events each year, providing a drastic change for the
    oval-dedicated stock car drivers.
    Circuit history from the official Web site:
       Since 1968, Infineon Raceway has provided the best in
       motorsports action. From the fender-rubbing action of
       NASCAR Winston Cup and ground pounding thunder of NHRA
       Drag Racing to the grassroots SCCA road races and AFM
       motorcycle events, Infineon Raceway has played host to
       many of racing's greatest moments and stars.
       Racing legends such as Mario Andretti, Al Unser, Dan
       Gurney, Kenny Roberts, Dale Earnhardt, Shirley Muldowney
       and Don 'The Snake' Prudhomme, as well as modern day stars
       including Jeff Gordon, Rusty Wallace, Ron Hornaday Jr.,
       Miguel DuHamel and John Force, have all left their
       indelible marks at this unique and historic facility.
       NASCARInfineon Raceway is arguably the world's busiest
       racing facility, with track activity scheduled an average
       of 340 days a year. It is one of the nation's only high
       performance automotive industrial parks.
       Under the ownership and vision of Speedway Motorsports
       Incorporated, Infineon Raceway is poised to reach new
       heights in facility development and in the quality of
       events it offers fans. What follows is a brief history of
       how Infineon Raceway came to be one of North America's
       most complete and versatile motorsports complex:
       In the Beginning
       Franklin Sears was born in Indiana in 1817. He spent his
       childhood in Missouri, and in 1844 ventured westward to
       Oregon. He left home with his friend, Granville Swift, a
       rifle, mule and $1.50 in his pocket.
       After one winter in Oregon, Sears was fed up with the rain
       and headed south. He volunteered for the U.S.-Mexican war
       and was named a hero of the Battle of San Pasquale. He
       spent much of the time in the thick of the battle and was
       a decorated solider during the war. Following the war in
       1851, he married Granville Swift's sister, Margaret, and
       settled on 600 acres of land south of Sonoma. He built his
       home of hand-hewn redwood. He was a blacksmith by trade
       but a large source of his income came from ranching.
       Sears eventually partnered with Granville Swift and bought
       15,000 acres of land that stretched from Infineon Raceway
       all the way to what is now Lakeville Highway.
       The 2.52-mile road racing course was constructed on 720
       acres by Marin County owners Robert Marshall Jr., an
       attorney from Point Reyes, and land developer Jim Coleman
       of Kentfield. The two conceived of the idea of a race
       track while on a hunting trip. Ground was broken in August
       and paving of the race surface was completed in November.
       The first official event at Infineon Raceway was an SCCA
       Enduro, held on December 1, 1968.
       The track was sold to Filmways Corp., a Los Angeles-based
       entertainment company for $4.5 million. From 1969 through
       early 1970, Infineon Raceway hosted a variety of events,
       including USAC IndyCar races, NASCAR stock car races, SCCA
       races, and drag races.
       Dan Gurney won a 150-mile USAC IndyCar road race with a
       field that included Mario Andretti, Mark Donahue and Al
       Unser. Not long after, the track closed in May and became
       a tax shelter for Filmways after losses of $300,000 were
       Hugh Harn of Belvedere and Parker Archer of Napa arranged
       to lease the track through Filmways vice president Lee
       Moselle for $1 million. Bob Bondurant, owner and operator
       of the Bob Bondurant School of High Performance Driving,
       announced that he would move his school from Ontario
       Speedway in Southern California to Infineon Raceway. The
       Pacific Region of the Sports Club Car of America announced
       it would hold a driver's school and series of non
       spectator races at the track.
       Bob Bondurant and partner Bill Benck took over management
       and control of the leased raceway from Archer and Harn.
       American Motorcycle Association national motocross races
       in the hills north of Turn 7 become popular with Bay Area
       fans, but were phased out by the end of the decade because
       of rising insurance costs.
       AMAMoselle, a lawyer with no racing experience, comes
       aboard and hires Jack Williams, the 1964 NHRA top fuel
       drag racing champion, to be his operations chief, and Art
       Glattke to handle public relations. Moselle was under
       orders from Filmways to clear spectator restrictions with
       the county of Sonoma and to build a major-event schedule.
       A group calling itself Black Mountain Inc., which included
       Bob Bondurant, William J. Kolb of Del Mar and Howard
       Meister of Newport Beach, purchased the track from
       Filmways for a reported $1.5 million. Two months later, in
       May, Kenny Roberts did wheelies on the final two laps
       while he waved to a crowd of 20,000 for a runaway victory
       in the AMA-Sonoma Motorcycle Classic.
       The Black Mountain Group took on an additional partner --
       the Long Beach Grand Prix Association -- in hopes of
       improving marketing and public relations.
       The Long Beach Grand Prix, headed by Chris Pook, decided
       to rename the track Golden State International Raceway.
       The Black Mountain group obtained an injunction to keep
       Filmways from claiming the property after defaulting on
       payments. Black Mountain claimed Filmways gave false
       financial projections when it sold the property in 1979.
       Bondurant resigned as president of Golden State Raceway in
       a dispute with Pook over the Long Beach Grand Prix's
       management plan. Filmways regained ownership of the track
       and Williams, Rick Betts and John Andersen purchased the
       track from Filmways at an auction for $800,000. The track
      was renamed Infineon Raceway International Raceway.
       Ford became a major sponsor at the track. Williams named
       Dr. Frank N. Scott Jr. of Aptos and Harvey 'Skip' Berg of
       Tiburon as partners.
       The track was completely repaved, in part with funds
       donated from the 'Pave the Point' fund raising campaign.
       It was also in 1985 that the first shop spaces (Buildings
      A,B,C, and D -- in the main paddock area) were built.
       Berg, president of a real estate acquisition and
       management firm headquartered in Seattle, took control of
       the track and became major stockholder in Brenda Raceway
       Corp., which controlled the track until 1996. Berg named
       Darwin Doll, vice president and general manager of
       Michigan International Speedway, new track president.
       NHRA Top FuelOne of the most significant moves in the
       track's history occurred. Infineon Raceway signed a five
       year contract with the National Hot Rod Association for
       the California Nationals. The first event was held in the
       summer of 1988. Additional buildings constructed on the
       property brought shop space to more than 700,000 square
       Berg hired Glen Long, an IBM executive, to be the track's
       new president. Mike Yurick was named general manager. The
       NHRA nationals were a resounding success, with an
       estimated 32 ,000 spectators on hand to watch Joe Amato
       edge Dick LaHaie in victory by one hundreth of a second
       The NASCAR Winston Cup Series debuted at the raceway, with
       Ricky Rudd taking the inaugural victory. Infineon Raceway
       The Skip Barber Racing School replaced the Bob Bondurant
       School of High Performance Driving. The NASCAR Winston Cup
       race drew 70,000 spectators in its second year at the
       track. The 15-year association with International
       Motorsports Association (SportsCar) GTP series, was
       suspended. Steve Page, a marketing executive with the
       Oakland A's, succeeded Long as track president.
       More than $1 million was spent on a beautification project
       and construction of a 62-foot-high, four-sided electronic
       lap leader board in the center of the road course. A
       medical facility and an 18-nozzle Unocal gasoline filling
       station were constructed.
       A major $3 million renovation plan was kicked off that
       included posh tower VIP suites and a two-story driver's
       lounge/emergency medical facility. Trans-Am and SportsCar
       races returned to Infineon Raceway. The NASCAR Craftsman
       Truck Series is added to the major-events schedule.
       The Russell Racing School signs a 10-year contract with
       Infineon Raceway in February to headquarter its world
       renowned driving school in Sonoma. The Skip Barber Driving
       School moves to Laguna Seca. In May of 1996, the NASCAR
       Winston Cup race drew a record 102,000 spectators -- the
       largest single-day crowd for a Northern California sports
       event. Infineon Raceway owner Skip Berg sells the track to
       O. Bruton Smith, chairman of Speedway Motorsports, Inc. in
       November of 1996. Speedway Motorsports also owns Atlanta,
       Bristol, Charlotte, Las Vegas and Texas Motor Speedways in
       addition to Infineon Raceway.
       Kragen signs a contract through the year 2001 to joint
       sponsor the annual NASCAR Winston Cup event. The event
       will be renamed the Save Mart/Kragen 350 for the 1998
       Major renovations begin at Infineon Raceway with the
       creation of 'The Chute,' an 890-foot high-speed stretch
       that will be used for all NASCAR-sanctioned events. The
       stretch connects existing Turns 4 and 7 and is officially
       opened on May 5 by NASCAR star Jeff Gordon. The re-design
       of the road course shortens the circuit from 2.52 miles to
       1.949 miles but increases the Winston Cup race from 74 to
       112 laps, provding fans with more action. The Chute will
       be used for Winston Cup, Winston West, Southwest Series
       and Craftsman Truck Series events.
       In June, NASCAR marks its 10-year anniversary with
       Infineon Raceway and Vallejo native Gordon comes away for
       the victory in the Save Mart/Kragen 350 Winston Cup race.
       Jeff Gordon joins Rusty Wallace and Ernie Irvan as the
       only two-time winners at Infineon Raceway when the Vallejo
       native wins the Save Mart/Kragen 350 NASCAR Winston Cup
       race in June.
       The first-ever running of the American Le Mans Series
       takes place at Infineon Raceway in July as J.J. Lehto and
       Steve Soper guide BMW to the Prototype victory. This marks
       the return of exciting sports car racing to Infineon
       Raceway as a main event for the first time since 1997. The
       race is televised live by NBC.
       Progressive Insurance signs on as the title sponsor of the
       AMA Superbike event, which is won by Mat Mladin. The
       native of Australia would go on to capture his first-ever
       AMA Superbike championship. His only win of the year would
       come at Infineon Raceway. NHRA drag racing winners include
       Doug Kalitta (Top Fuel), Whit Bazemore (Funny Car) and Jim
       Yates (Pro Stock).
       Infineon Raceway gains unanimous approval from the Sonoma
       County Board of Supervisors by a 5-0 vote to begin work on
       a $35 million Modernization Plan that will transform the
       facility into one of the premier motorsports venues in the
       country. The comprehensive project will take two years to
       complete and inlcudes 64,000 Hillside Terrace seats,
       repaving of both the road course and drag strip and
       increased run-off around the entire track.
       Jeff Gordon becomes the first three-time NASCAR Winston
       Cup winner at Infineon Raceway, taking the Save
      Mart/Kragen 350.
       In other racing news, Allan McNish sets the fastest lap
       ever recorded at Infineon Raceway since the raceway opened
       in 1968. McNish, piloting an Audi R8 during the American
       Le Mans Series Grand Prix of Sonoma, covers a single lap
       at 112.440 mph. Doug Kalitta joins Gordon as a three-peat
       winner, claiming his third consecutive Top Fuel title at
       the Fram Autolite Nationals NHRA event.
       The 2001 season kicked off with the completion of the
       first phase of Infineon Raceway's $35 million
       Modernization Plan. The first phase of the project, which
       began in September, featured the completion of hillside
       terrace seats in Turns 2-4, a new entrance at Gate 7, the
       construction of two ring roads for shuttle and fan
       traffic, 40 permanent garages and increased run-off on the
       road course, among others.
       The 10-turn road course used for the NASCAR Dodge/Save
       Mart 350 featured a modified Chute lengthened by over 300
       feet to include a straightaway between Turns 4 and 4a and
       the creation of a pure straightaway between Turns 4a and
       7. Turn 7 boasts a 90-degree right-hand turn with 120 feet
       of runoff room for safety and creates a new passing zone
       on the track.
       The new Turn 7 proved crucial in the 2001 Dodge/Save Mart
       350, with Tony Stewart making the race winning pass in
       this turn as Robby Gordon and Kevin Harvick battled for
       position. Stewart took the checkered flag after 112 laps,
       robbing Jeff Gordon of his fourth consecutive win at
       Infineon Raceway. The NHRA FRAM Autolite Nationals offered
       more than just exciting racing action in 2001. After Kenny
       Bernstein, Del Worsham and Tom Martino claimed their
       titles, John Force and Gary Scelzi boarded Caterpillar
       bulldozers to begin destruction of the drag strip and
       signify the beginning the of second phase of the
       Modernization Plan. Phase Two of the plan focuses on fan
       and driver amenities, including more terraces seats,
       repaving of the drag strip and road course surfaces and
       the construction of a new permanent grandstand at the
       start/finish line of the road course. The Plan is
       scheduled to be completed for the 2002 season.
       The 2002 racing season was a time of major change at the
       Sonoma raceway. In June, track officials announced that
       the facility had been renamed Infineon Raceway as part of
       a 10-year strategic partnership with Infineon
       Technologies, one of the world's top semiconductor
       manufacturing companies. The agreement includes two annual
       events to be held at Infineon Raceway. The annual American
       Le Mans Series event will be renamed the Infineon Grand
       Prix of Sonoma, and beginning in 2003, Infineon Raceway
       will host the Infineon Mountain Bike Challenge, a world
       class competitive biking event. Infineon Raceway became
       just the second motor racing facility in the country to
       secure a major naming rights deal.
       The 2002 racing season also saw the near-completion of the
       facility's two-year, $50 million Modernization Plan. This
       renovation touched nearly every area of the property and
       includes the addition of many fan and racer amenities.
       Changes to the facility include: a new permanent
       grandstand at start/finish of the road course; hillside
       terrace seating at Turns 7-9; a completely refurbished
       drag strip complete with 660-foot concrete launch pad;
       expanded paddock area; and the new Infineon Raceway
       Karting Center.
       Infineon Raceway also hosted its full-slate of annual
       events, including the Dodge/Save Mart 350 NASCAR Winston
       Cup event and NHRA FRAM Autolite Nationals, with the
       addition of the inaugural NHRA Summit Sport Compact Drag
       Racing Series event. The new drag strip surface proved
       fruitful at the NHRA event, with track records reset in
       three classes and Pro Stock Motorcycle rider, Angelle
       Savoie, posting the second quickest time in history.
    See the official Web site (http://infineonraceway.com/) for
    more information.
    The world-famous Silverstone circuit - often spoken of in the
    same terms as Indianapolis Motor Speedway and Monza - has
    hosted F1 racing since 1950.  This 5.110-kilometer (3.194-
    mile) circuit is set at an airport site, and contains several
    configurations.  The Silverstone International circuit (used
    for the British TOCA series) shares much of the same pavement
    as the Grand Prix circuit used for the annual F1 Grand Prix
    of Great Britain; in fact, the pavement for the two circuits
    even cross at approximately two-thirds of the way around the
    International circuit.
    During World War II, the Royal Air Force chose the site now
    known as Silverstone for an airfield and a bomber-training
    base.  Following the war, other circuits such as Donnington
    Park and Brooklands could not be used for racing due to
    having been converted for wartime uses.  Thus, in 1948, the
    Silverstone site was used for its first race... with the
    circuit marked by hay bales.  The circuit was redone in 1949
    and assumed a configuration roughly equivalent to that in
    current use.
    F1 began in 1950, and held its first race at Silverstone.
    Guiseppe Farina won the first-ever F1 race in an Alfa Romeo.
    The British Racing Drivers' Club operated Silverstone until
    2001, when current owner Octagon Motorsports took control of
    the venue; this also ensures that the British Grand Prix will
    be held at Silverstone for at least the next fifteen years.
    The world's best F1 drivers have all placed themselves into
    the Silverstone record books, including Manuel Fangio,
    Stirling Moss, Mike Hawthorn, Jack Brabham, John Surtees, Jim
    Clark, Graham Hill, Jackie Stewart, James Hunt, John Watson,
    Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, Nigel Mansell, Ayrton Senna, Eddie
    Irvine, Jacques Villeneuve, Mika Hakkinen, Michael
    Schumacher, and David Coulthard.  The track record is held by
    Michael Schumacher, at 1:24.475 with an average speed of
    217.784KPH (136.115MPH).
    Silverstone hosts far more than just F1: Grand Prix
    motorcycles, SuperBikes, Karts, FIA GTs, European Le Mans,
    RallySprint, stages of the Rally of Great Britain, British
    Touring Car Championship, and British Formula 3 and GT.
    The official Web site is actually the site for Octagon
    Motorsports (http://www.octagonmotorsports.com/), which owns
    and operates Silverstone, as well as Snetterton, Cadwell
    Park, Brands Hatch, and Oulton Park.
    The official Web site (http://www.ti-circuit.co.jp/) is only
    available in Japanese, so there is no circuit history
    The official Web site (http://www.vallelunga.it/) has an
    automatic redirection to a blank page.  Therefore, no circuit
    history is available.
    The Vancouver temporary street circuit primarily features one
    of the three Canadian rounds of the CART-FedEx Championship
    Series, but also includes CASCAR Super Series, Fran-Am,
    Barber Dodge Pro Series, and the SCCBC Sedan Invitational
    Circuit history from the official Web site (written in 2002):
       From green flag to checkered flag, the challenging
       Vancouver course will take the world's most talented
       drivers on a heart-pounding 12-turn ride through the
       streets of downtown Vancouver. With the spectacular North
       Shore mountains as a backdrop, the twisting waterfront
       course is sure to test the limits of every CART driver and
       their million-dollar racing machines.
       Last year a packed house of more than 65,000 cheering fans
       were revved up for another Canadian victory following the
       first ever in Vancouver the year before by Team KOOL
       Green's 'Thrill from Westhill', Paul Tracy. Things
       couldn't have started any better as 26 cars took the green
       flag led by the all-Canadian front row of Team Players
       drivers Alex Tagliani and Patrick Carpentier.
       After 175 miles of racing and seven lead changes, it was
       Patrick Racing's 'Super Sub' Roberto Moreno who powered
       his Visteon Reynard Lola to his first victory of the
       season after passing fellow Brazilian Gil de Ferran with
       just nine laps to go. An emotional Moreno treated the
       crowd to some victory donuts before dedicating the race to
       the memory of hometown favorite Greg Moore.
       As always, the Vancouver race played a pivotal role in the
       race for the season championship. With his second place
       finish, Team Penske driver Gil de Ferran, took over top
       spot in the standings and never looked back on his way to
       repeating as CART FedEx Championship Series champion.
       Last year, more than 160,000 motorsport fans came to
       Concord Place to catch thrilling wheel-to-wheel action and
       the roar of the 800-horsepower engines.
    See the official Web site (http://www.molsonindy.com/) for
    more information.
    The official Web site (http://www.circuit-zandvoort.nl/) is
    only available in Dutch, so an official circuit history of
    not available.
    Circuit Zolder has been used in the past for F1's Grand Prix
    of Belgium, but is a 'sore point' amongst many current
    drivers due to the lack of modernized safety features.  For
    example, the 2002 season featured primarily sand and gravel
    in the recovery zones, whereas the majority of European
    racing venues are instead removing sand and gravel to be
    replaced by more pavement; such changes permit cars to slide
    off of the actual raceway, recover, and rejoin the race.
    Events held at Circuit Zolder include: German Touring Cars,
    World Championship Cyclo-Cross, Road World Championships, FIA
    Electro Solar Cup, Motorcycle Road Racing Grand Prix, Grand
    prix of the Nations, European Historic Grand Prix, Truck
    Super Prix, and 24 Hours of Zolder... among others.
    Circuit history from the official Web site:
       The name 'Terlamen' is derived from 'Terlaemen', the name
       of the local domain that is already quoted in 1293 and at
       the heart whereof the circuit has been constructed. The
       community of Heusden-Zolder is the owner of the circuit
       and of the greater part of the surrounding woods. The vzw
       Terlamen runs the circuit.
       In 1959, Auto-Moto-Club Bolderberg came
       with the idea to build a circuit where its
       members could practice their hobby. In
       1960, this idea was materialised in a small
       2,700-meters long circuit. Very soon, it
       became clear that this circuit was too small
       for national and international competitions.
       A permanent and larger circuit was
       required. On 14 July 1963, the 4,300-meters
       long circuit was officially inaugurated. After
       the works in 1994, the length was reduced
       up to 4,184 meters.
       Although not the largest, Circuit Zolder
       surely is one of the safest circuits of the
       world. Moreover, the track has been built in
       such a way that the drivers can demonstrate
       their true capacities. Since the circuit
       constitutes a closed complex, timings,
       races or other events can be organised
       without obstructing the circulation on the
       public road.
       Besides many Formula 1 races in the past
       and other internationally famous races such
       as the European Historic Grand Prix and the
       Truck Super Prix, Circuit Zolder hosts many
       national and regional competitions such as
       the New Race Festival, the 24 Hours of
       Zolder, the Belgian Masters and the Race
       Promotion Night as well. Every year, Circuit
       Zolder is the place-to-be for thousands of
    Please see the official Web site (http://www.circuit-
    zolder.be/) for more information.
    This information on the 1982 F1 race at Zolder is provided by
    ViperMask, one of the biggest F1 fans I have ever met.  It is
    edited only for formatting purposes.
       This is where Gilles Villeneuve died on May
       8th, 1982.  During practice, he was driving possessed
       due to his hatred for his team mate Didier Pironi
       (because Pironi broke a gentleman's agreement not to
       pass each other in Imola costing Gilles the win.)
       Unfortunately the MARCH of Jochen Mass was on a warm
       up lap or a slow down lap, so Gilles try to avoid him,
       yet Jochen moved trying to avoid Gilles.  Gilles ended
       up tapping the MARCH and somersaulting his Ferrari in
       a HORRIFIC crash.  Gilles was even thrown out of the
       car like a crash test dummy.  Gilles died in the
       hospital.  Gilles will always be remembered as one of
       the best drivers who never got a F1 World
       Championship.  But thankfully.  His son Jacques
       Villeneuve became a F1 world champion in 1997 for
       Williams Renault.
    For questions, rants, raves, comments of appreciation, etc.,
    or to be added to my e-mail list for updates to this driving
    guide, please contact me at: FEATHER7@IX.NETCOM.COM; also, if
    you have enjoyed this guide and feel that it has been helpful
    to you, I would certainly appreciate a small donation via
    PayPal (http://www.paypal.com/) using the above e-mail
    To find the latest version of this and all my other
    PSX/PS2/DC/Mac game guides, visit FeatherGuides at

    FAQ Display Options: Printable Version