How to convert to MP4 FAQ ver 1.3
19 January 2005
27 May 2005
Copyright 2005 Christmas C. Gonzales (justchillinjc@gmail.com)






==========================
* Version Information *
==========================

0.1 Started the basic layout (1/19/05)
0.2 Added some of the content (1/20/05)
0.3 Added more context to the layout (1/21/05)
0.5 Reworked the layout as well as added detailed content information (1/22/05)
0.7 Added most of the needed content as well as the main FAQ part (1/29/05)
0.8 Added how to rip a DVD file and put onto a PSP, for animes/tv shows and for
movies.(2/3/05)
0.9 Added my list of coding for my .ini file, as well as suggestions of 
compression for certain files. (2/4/05)
Also added Links and FAQ.
1.0 First version submitted to GFAQs (2/5/05)
1.01 Updated the FAQ a bit with some corrections, and made it slightly better
thanks to user feedback. (2/7/05)

1.1 Added Rapiz Converter to FAQ (2/9/05)
1.11 Added a missing mini-section to the DVD movie conversion part. 
1.2 Added AGK part for ".vob --> .avi --> .mp4" under DVD movie conversion
will update it more later
Conclusion on program methods section added
1.22 little updates and .ini calculator (3/12/05) 
1.3 Just a tiny update, most updates will not come if anything. My time is short
(5/27/05)

*Coming soon*
-Most of this FAQ is dead and done. I've not had such time to update anything
except respond to certain issues, such as a dead link that caused horrible
mental anguish to several readers. I am deeply sorry for what happened.






============
* Contents *
============

0. Introduction
1. What is 3GP and Rapiz Converter?
2. How to use 3GP?
3. What is this compression? 
4. What is the difference between low quality and high quality mp4s?
5. How would one go about choosing the quality of the vid?
6. How can I make files smaller?
7. .ini File?
8. How to edit .ini file?
9. Step by step FAQ on using 3GP
10. Transfering files to your PSP.
11. Variable bit rate coding Q4, Q7, Q10?
12. Variable bit rate editing and quality settings
13. How do I put a DVD movie onto the PSP? 
14. My list of instruction coding (use at your own risk)
15. .ini Calculator & recommended settings
16. Rapiz Converter Guide
17. Conclusion on programs. My 2 cents.
18. FAQ
19. Links
20. Legal Information 
21. Credits
22. Email Information 



===================
* 0. Introduction *
===================

This FAQ will guide you on how to convert videos files to MP4 format so that 
you can play them on your PSP. You will need a few programs, most noticeably, 
3GP converter. You can find 3GP converters on various websites.

The next most important thing you need, is to download and install Quicktime, 
since it displays .mp4, WMP series 10 doesn't support .mp4. This is to view 
the file as well as convert.

This is my first FAQ as well, so I'm very inexperienced at writing FAQs and 
I hope it will be of some help to people who use it. Feedback is good and 
welcomed if it helps me make this FAQ better. If you're still lazy, here 
is the link to 3GP:

http://www.nurs.or.jp/~calcium/3gpp/

A link to Rapiz is here (mirror):
*REMOVED due to dead link* Please feel free to ask me or do a search for Rapiz.

The last thing you need, is a Memory stick that is capable of holding your
created movie files, so that you can run them off the PSP. Most people will
recommend 512MB and/or 1GB Msticks for movie files. I use a 512MB for my
PSP currently, I may get a 1GB sometime later. 2GB sticks may appear by the
time the PSP releases in US, but I expect them to be pretty expensive when
they first come out. One important thing to note, is that you need a DUO
Memory stick, but anything above 128MB will be a PRO DUO, and those work,
but make sure it is a PRO DUO Memory stick!

This process may appear complicated to some, if not most, and it isn't
complicated at all really, most people can do this stuff pretty simply.
If the concept does seem pretty complicated for you, then try Rapiz and
in the future, TechniMyoko's Multimedia Extender, as both will ease the
seemingly-complex process of video converting. 
While the conversion has gotten extremely easy through the use of other
programs, I will leave the original information on there, as I still believe
it will have use in case others may not find a liking for Rapiz.


***NOTE***

I do not support piracy, and the movies I convert are movies that I own on
DVD, as well as fan-subs that are created by many anime fans. I do not care
how you obtain your movies, though. I also wish you try to get such movies
through legal methods and support the people who made the movies. In theory,
they should be able to work on your PSP after conversion. 
This method of converting should be used for movies that are not yet
available in UMD format, or if you wish, your own private movies that are
not illegal to reproduce. 


=======================================
* 1. What is 3GP and Rapiz Converter? *
=======================================


3GP is a program that allows you to drag and drop movie files, such as .vob, 
.avi, .mpeg; into the program, then the program converts the file into an MP4 
format, which the PSP will recognize. It'll rename the file a certain way for 
the PSP to read it. 

Rapiz Converter is another program that is just exactly like 3GP (it leeches off
the coding of 3GP, and has a bypassing patch when you don't play files in
320 X 240), but it has better default options available, and is able to
encode the video to different resolutions. While 3GP is possible to encode
to different resolutions apart from its native 320 X 240 resolution, the
PSP won't recognize such video files even after the renaming. It is possible
to make the PSP recognize the file, but only after using yet another program
to patch the file. Rapiz Converter bypasses using the program, as it patches
the file for you.

As for choosing between the two, its entirely up to the user. 3GP can have
videos be encoded with extreme customizable amounts, but only after editing the
.ini file. 
Rapiz Converter is for the person who wishes to not customize, and gets good
default options, as well as being able to bypass a patching sequence to play
videos near the PSP's native resolution (480x272). By playing files near the
PSP's native resolution, you won't have to worry about stretching the image
(PSP has an option to stretch the 320 X 240 resolution into its widescreen
format).

Anyway, both converters are good, but it will all come down to preference. I
say for now, that Rapiz has some good options over 3GP, but some may find that
customizing 3GP settings can save file space at the cost of quality.

I will inform you people, on how to use both... just in case the need is there.
I must note, that Rapiz is easier to pick up, imo. 


=======================
* 2.How do I use 3GP? *
=======================

After you download the program 3GP, which you can get from www.video2psp.com 
you then install the program. After installation, you are prompted to select 
the setting for how you want the basic compression. There will be distorted 
characters on the program, unless your PC support Japanese characters. Just 
look for the setting that states "PSP (direct)." Selecting this and confirming
it should bring about the drag and drop window. At this point, click on the 
drop down box and select what kind of compression you want. 



==================================
* 3. What is this "compression?" *
==================================

Compression is a meaning of basically stuffing something big into something of
a smaller size. File compression is when you make a big file into a smaller 
file. This is somewhat done in a way by making the screen resolution smaller 
to fit on the PSPs LCD TFT screen. Most of your files that are huge should 
become very small after the compression process. It all depends on if you want
a high quality video, low quality video, and the length of the video.


========================================================================
* 4. What is the difference between low quality and high quality mp4s? *
========================================================================

The difference is that, the lower the quality, the smaller the file, but then
you may end up with a choppy framerate and/or pixelization on the graphics of
the video. High quality makes sure you never get these downsides when you watch
your video. High quality results in good framerate, fluid motion, and a clear 
picture.



==============================================================
* 5. How would one go about choosing the quality of the vid? *
==============================================================

This all depends on preference of the user. You can go for low quality, which
may only cause some pixelization at high action parts, intro videos and parts
with singing involved. It really depends on how much you the user can bear
when it comes to video quality. You can choose which compression you want, 
from the drop down list of the 3GP program. 

3GP has these compression settings as default:

QVGA/15fps/216kbs Mono/32kbs      
QVGA/15fps/216kbps Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/15fps/384kbps Mono/32kbps
QVGA/15fps/384kbps Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/768kbps Stereo/128kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/1500kbps Stereo/128kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB4 Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB7 Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB10 Stereo/64kbps



As you can see, not bad choices really, but the first few are considered
"terrible" for quality, and I very much agree. It's up to the user on how much
of a punch they can take to the quality. The difference for quality varies on
the selection you choose. 


====================================
* 6. How can I make files smaller? *
====================================

By setting a compression method that lowers the quality of the video and the
audio of it as well to a comforting level that balances out the size of the 
file, as well as the quality of it for the user. One method for lower quality
of would be putting a compression method like this:

QVGA/29.97fps/500kbps Stereo/64kbps

Now you may be asking, "I do not see that option available in the drop down
bar." Yes, that may be true, but its a matter of "I do not see it there,... 
yet" You can edit the 3GP file to make a compression method of your own 
choosing. You can even go for crazy compression methods which may kill the 
video quality beyond recognition. You can also do the exact opposite and make
an uber quality video, which isn't really needed... but its up to the user.
The method to create your own setting of compression, is to edit the .ini file.



=================
* 7. .ini File? *
=================

The .ini file, is the program instructions for the video compression from video
files such as .avi to .mp4 into the correct resolution to play on your PSP.
You can change the set of instructions, to compress a file into settings of 
your preference. This is usually done by people that wish to create compression
sets into a file that has decent quality, as well as the file being small to 
fit multiple movie files onto the same Memory Stick (Mstick).



=============================
* 8. How to edit .ini file? *
=============================

This is easier than one would think. You're messing with the compression method
coding of the program, so as long as you're careful and only make a little edit
here and there, the whole thing should be fine, if you ever make a deletion
and you're not sure what it may have been, just reverse the deletion.
First, go to your 3GP Folder, then within that folder, enter the folder
"default_setting."  Inside that folder, you'll see a list of .ini files.
Now, double click on the one named "Transcoding_PSP_Direct," Windows will open
a notepad window for you.

If you rather not deal with all this editing stuff and rather have it really
easy as just copying an pasting a preset (I can't guarantee the accuracy, as
I'm not the programmer for the program) of .ini instructions, use this program
and enter the settings you wish to use. This is a .ini calculator for people
that want to select settings similar to Rapiz, yet have the instructions
calculated for you by this program. Click the below link.


http://mitico.no-ip.com/inifilemp4/crea.php

Once that is done, simply copy and past the set of .ini coding into your 3gp
then re-run the set up to save the new setting of instructions. 

Within it, you'll see the list of the instructions your PC uses to convert 
programs from most movie files to .mp4.
Here is an example of the list you'll see:


[Item0]
Title=QVGA/15fps/216kbps モノラル/32kbps
TitleE=QVGA/15fps/216kbps Mono/32kbps
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>" 
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 14.985 -b 216 -acodec aac -ac 1 -ar 24000 
-ab 32 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""

Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp" 
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" 
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg 
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""

Now, what you do, is copy one set, add it to the bottom of the list, and edit
the instructions to your liking. Also, make sure you change the "item" to the
correct number if you wish for it to show up on the drop down bar.




Here are suggested options on what you may want to edit:

*Framerate - the amount of frames the file executes to give the illusion of a
moving picture. Usual amount is 30fps, 25 is also fine.

*Kbs - kilobytes per second for the video file. 400 is the lowest you may want
to go for little pixelization. 768 is very good quality, anything in-between
should be decent.

*Mono/Stereo 32/64/128kbs - The audio quality for the video file, you can go
for Mono 32kbs, Stereo 64/128kbs. 

As you can see what the set of instructions look like, it appears to be a ton
of gibberish. However, I will point out the parts of the instructions you can
edit to your liking.
After you copy the file over, and set up the "Item" number to a correct amount,
then you look for the part of the code you wish to edit here they are:

-b    =  kbs  (kilobytes per second)
-ab   =  Audio quality
-r    =  frame rate


As you can see in the set of instructions, the parts of the code I suggest to
edit, would be:
-r 14.985
-b 216
-ab 32


That means the coding is set to compress the file to  14.9 Frames per second,
at 216Kbs, with 32bit Mono sound, as one channel. To change the amounts of
channel would be the -ac 1 (or 2) part. It be easier if you just copy and edit
a set of instructions with two audio channels (-ac 2). If you want some high 
quality sound, the PSP may not be able to produce it, but I've not tested such
custom compressions myself yet. The audio setting most will want that sounds ok
and saves file space, would be two audio channels of 32bit (-ac 2 ; -ab 32).
This will produce 64kbs of sound, which is good and perfect for headsets.

Now to change the framerate, you will want to edit the fps part (-r). The 
example above has the fps at 15fps, which is (14.985). You then take out the 
14.985 part, and edit it to something like 24.97fps (25), or 29.97fps (30).
So the file can end up like this  -r 29.97   inside the instruction set. 

To change the kbs, which is part that changes the compression the most for
file quality and space saving. Is to edit the kbs part (-b). The best setting
is to have 1500kbs (-b). However, it isn't needed for great quality. Anything
at 768kbs (-b 768) or above is great. Something like 400kbs (-b 400) is
something that can suffice, but parts with a huge amount of action, and or
singing involved with dancing, will cause some pixelization. Regular talking
and/or stand up jokes will have ok quality for such moments though.


*NOTE* Changing the framerate won't ensure perfect audio sync'ing. I've noticed
the PC will keep the audio track and framerate in sync with each other; 
however, when transfered to the PSP, the PSP doesn't seem to recognize the 
exact compression, and thus animes and CG-rendered movies will be out of sync.
Make sure you try the file on your PSP to see if the framerate alteration won't
make the PSP produce the audio track out of sync with the frames. 
I always recommend 30fps for animes and CG-rendered movies. 

Finally, after you edit the .ini file, save it, then go to the 3GP folder and
start "Setup" again, then select "PSP Direct" again, in order for the new
drop down bar settings to take place



====================================
* 9. Step by step FAQ on using 3GP *
====================================

First, lets select the setting of 3GP. When you unzip the file, and start up
the .exe file for 3GP. You'll be greeted by a list of garbled characters, which
are just Japanese characters trying to be interpreted by your PC. Select the
English radio button, and select the setting "Customized: MP4, for 
PSP (Direct, renamed)" Then make sure that setting and the English radio button
are selected, then click on "Apply." This setting will have these compression
methods by default and will rename your file to a correct name the PSP file
will recognize. 

The window will open and will have a drop down window, a white upper window
where you drag and drop the files, the lower window showing the compression,
and the rate. And a "Select" command button. Make sure you click on the
command button "Select," and select a folder that you can access easily and
view the files on your PC before you transfer to your PSP.

3GP has these compression settings as default in the drop down bar:

QVGA/15fps/216kbs Mono/32kbs      
QVGA/15fps/216kbps Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/15fps/384kbps Mono/32kbps
QVGA/15fps/384kbps Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/768kbps Stereo/128kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/1500kbps Stereo/128kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB4 Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB7 Stereo/64kbps
QVGA/29.97fps/QB10 Stereo/64kbps

All the videos will end up with a resolution of 320x240; unless you go through
the edit .ini file method I explained earlier and change it yourself. There are
also 3 QB settings that are variable bitrates. These compress the file
differently, usually in helping you save file space, but give lower quality to
parts that have black coloring. These can be recommended, but parts with black
in them may have pixelization. The QB4 setting has the highest quality for
default variable bit rate compression, while QB10 has the lowest quality but
may save a nice a nice amount of file space. I will explain in another section
on how to edit the Variable bit-rate. 


Now, open up a window that has the file that you want to convert, drag and drop
it into the Upper white window bar. Make sure you only do this after you select
the compression method you want. The file will be dropped into the white 
window, then vanish, as the program starts converting. Depending on your PC
and the compression method you chose, will determine the amount of time it 
takes to convert a file. 

During the compression, if you wish, you can put files on queue by putting
more into the white box. The files will be converted one after the other with
the current compression on the drop down bar. You can also press the abort 
command button if you wish to only keep part of the file, sometimes useful if
you only want intro videos or small clips. There are other programs to split
such files into clips though.


On an interesting note, Raiserblade2003 of GameFAQs mentions:
"if you didnt know, you can place your cursor over the 3GP program while its 
running and it will tell you the ETA/Estimate file size..."



When the 3GP window stops showing the label "Processing." with no file name
underneath the label, then your file is finally done being converted and 
will be in the output destination folder. Check the destination folder for
the converted .mp4 file, as well as the .thm file (thumbnail file that you don't
need).


======================================
* 10. Transfering files to your PSP. *
======================================

There are currently two ways to get the files onto your PSP.

1. via miniB type USB connection 2.0  

2. via Memory stick reader, then put the Mstick into your PSP.



* via mini B-type USB connection 2.0 *

Turn on your PSP, and go to Settings, then go up until you get to USB 
connection. Select USB connection, then it'll prompt you to connect a USB
cable.
After that, connect the other end to your PC, if your PC is Windows 2000 or
higher, Windows should detect your PSP as an external drive. Unfortunately,
PSP isn't detected by Windows '98 or lower. Windows '98 prompts people to 
install drivers for the PSP, but there is no software for the PSP to do this.
I doubt there is a way to do so, unless you know how to make your own drivers.

* via Memory stick reader *

This is simple, as the Memory stick reader treats the stick as an external 
drive right away, and the copying doesn't vary on your UBS 1.0 or 2.0, but 
on the speed of your PC.  You just copy the files onto the movie folder.


The movie folder has to be created personally by you the user.
The folder isn't created by the PSP's format option.
The folder you create is outside the PSP's own folder.

When you open your Memory stick's folder, you should see one folder called 
"PSP". Outisde of this folder, not within it, create a "MP_ROOT" folder
without the quotation marks. That way, when you open the Memory stick, there'll
be two main folders, "PSP" and "MP_ROOT" We're not done yet though, you need 
to create another folder within the "MP_ROOT" folder. Inside the "MP_ROOT" 
folder, create a "100MNV01" 

The "100MNV01" folder is your destination folder for putting .mp4 files to 
view at your leisure. 


=============================================
* 11. Variable bit rate coding Q4, Q7, Q10? *
=============================================

This method of coding used by 3GP is usually ideal for people that want the
set of instructions to compress for great quality at the parts of the movie
that need it and compress weaker parts of the video to a near extreme. This is
why it is a variable, since the size of the file will all depend on how much 
action happens on-screen along with the audio. Usually just watching static
parts are compressed to an extreme, such as black coloring on the vid, will be
mistaken for black flash screens, thus the set of instructions will compress it
to pixelization levels since its not like you will see anything happen on the
screen. This is my best explanation for it, but its usually ideal for movie
files, but I do not prefer using Variable bit rates, as they are nearly 
impossible for me to predict how large the file will be in the end, and how 
the pixelization of the black colors will look after being converted.
The quality will vary on how the set of instructions reacts to the video file,
as well as the compression method. If you want an uber small file, go with Q10,
but the quality will most likely be very poor. Q4 is a decent compression
method, and will save space, but may not suit your liking. Q7 is between Q4
and Q10. Now you're probably wondering if there's a way to get to a Q3 or
something lower, which will result in greater quality, usually DVD quality,
as well as be a small file size. Getting both is extremely hard this way, but
if you want quality over the size of the file, by all means go for something
like Q3 or less. 


======================================================
* 12. Variable bit rate editing and quality settings *
======================================================


Now to edit the Q4,Q7, and Q10 settings, is very similar to the forms of .ini
editing that I explained earlier. Just go to the same set of .ini
instructions to edit and look for the right type of coding, we'll edit the Q4
set of instructions as an example:

[Item6]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/QB4 ステレオ/64kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/QB4 Stereo/64kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエ
塔Rードする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>"
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -qscale 4 -acodec aac -ac 2 
-ar 24000 -ab 32 -f 3gp -muxvb 512 "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp" 
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" 
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg 
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""

Now, this is the set of instructions for Q4, and well it looks very similar
apart from the audio channels being set to 32kbs. You can always edit the audio
to your preference, but right now we want to learn the very easy to edit
"Variable bitrate" format. What you look for is the Q compression (-qscale) part
and edit the number.
Right now we have a Q4 (-qscale 4). All you do is change the number of that,
and the set of instructions will compress in a different way.
Editing to a Q3 is as simple as changing the -qscale to -qscale 3. After that,
the setting is set to be Q3. Q3 will be of better quality than a Q4,  but
will be a bigger file in the end. Q2 and Q1 are possible, but that's easy
enough for you to figure out. 
I must note that Q2 and Q1 are very much DVD quality movies imo, but the files
will be large.




==============================================
* 13. How do I put a DVD movie onto the PSP? *
==============================================

First and foremost, you'll have to get DVD decrypter to rip the DVD files you
will want for the movie. You can find this program as freeware on several sites
and here is a link for you lazy people:  www.dvddecrypter.com
I recommend you only rip files off of DVDs that you own, since you own them,
you are able to view them at your own pleasure. 

After you download and install the program. Run DVD decrypter, select File 
Mode, then select .IFO mode. Now, on the window box to the right, you'll see
the files within the DVD. From here, you can select which parts of the DVD
you wish to rip, then later convert into .mp4 for your PSP. Within the Input
window(tab), select the .vob file you wish to rip, and DVD decrypter checks
the timing of .vob file, so its easy to tell if you're going to rip a movie
file and/or also the episode of the tvshow/anime.
After you select which part of the .vob file you want, click on the big button
that has the picture of the DVD and HDD. Your PC should start ripping the file
to the destination folder, usually the main HDD as a new folder and such. You
can set the destination anywhere, but its recommend you have the destination
folder in a spot you will remember to find it. The time it takes to rip the
.vob file off the DVD depends on your PC, I have 3GHz and my PC can rip 24
minute episodes in about 20 minutes, while movies can take about 1 hour.

After the .vob file is ripped, rename it to a name that you want to PSP to read
it as. Like if it was an episode of Family Guy, rename the .vob file to
"Family Guy" or something. Now, you can open up 3GP converter program and drag
and drop the .vob file into the window of the program, and it'll start
converting the file into .mp4 format. When its done converting, just go to
the destination folder of the 3gp and copy the .mp4 file onto your Memory stick
(Mstick), put onto your PSP and enjoy!




***STOPPING .VOB SPLITTING BY DVD DECRYPTER***

I'm sure some people have found problems of ripping DVD movies and the files
come out split up into sections of the movie, instead of the whole film.
I'm so use to ripping my animes and such, that I forgot to add how to do this
to my FAQ; well, I'm sorry for the error and hope you'll forgive me as I inform
you how to do this.

First, when you open the DVD decrypter program, you'll need to select the
"Tools" bar. Then after that, select settings from the bar.
Within the settings options, select the tab "IFO MODE."
Inside the tab, you'll find a frame that states Options.
Inside the frame is a label that states "File Splitting."
The label has a drop down bar near it, click on it, and select "NONE." Which
will keep each .vob file pure and won't split it at all. This will prevent
.vob splits for big movie files. 

Sorry for not mentioning this, this is why I'm glad I get some feedback on such
things. 



*** Subtitles for movies from DVDs***

I've been asked repeatedly for help with getting subtitles onto movies.
Most consider it a lengthy process, but however is done several ways. I'm
having trouble as of late keeping up with the FAQ thing for now. Someone wished
to submit their own method for a thing such as this, and I will simply quote
the info, as it is not my own. I will try out the method myself soon, and try
to give a simplier explanation on the process; until then, if you wish to get
subtitles onto a movie file through your own DVDs, try using this person's 
method. Credit goes to jpsanders.



"Rip the DVD as normal with DVD Decrypter, make sure you include all
audio/sub tracks (it failed on me when I didn't, don't know why).

When you encode it with AGK, select DVD Input and select the ripped
folder. You will be prompted for the Audio and Subtitle tracks you
want in the Audio Track/Subtitle Track dropdown lists (these lists
show the languages, etc that were ripped by DVD Decrypter).

Only problem I've had is that I lost audio in a couple of instances,
however setting the Audio (Advanced Settings) to CBR MP3 fixed it.

Finally convert it to the PSP however you want (3GP or whatever)."



============================================================
* 14. My list of instruction coding (use at your own risk) *
============================================================

***I'm not liable for any alteration to your PC, PSP and such by copying and
pasting these files to your .ini, use at your own risk. ***

I know people are lazy, very damn lazy to the point where they are pigs. 
Someone suggested that I put my own list of 3GP instructions for the .ini
file. So I decided to, but this may cause incompatibility with 3GP and/or mess
up a PC in some way. This I'm not sure of, but I will take no responsibility
for any kind of incompatibility or errors that this may cause. You can just
copy and paste the instructions, but editing the .ini should be done by the
user as it'll be for their own preferences. I am also lazy with organizing my 
.ini instruction sets to go with others, so if it doesn't align with yours,
that's your problem.
It may be hard to copy and paste as well, since I the .ini instruction sets
go past the 79 character limit on GFAQs. So thus, this may only be helpful at
giving you an idea on what to edit. 


This section will be somewhat big; note that.

[Item09]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/500kbps ステレオ/64kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/500kbps Stereo/64kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
[ドする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>" 
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -b 500 -acodec aac -ac 2 -ar 24000 
-ab 32 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp" 
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" 
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg 
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""


[Item10]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/QB2 ステレオ/64kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/QB2 Stereo/64kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
[ドする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>" 
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -qscale 2 -acodec aac -ac 2 
-ar 24000 -ab 32 -f 3gp -muxvb 512 "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp" 
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" 
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg 
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""


[Item11]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/1000kbps ステレオ/128kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/1000kbps Stereo/128kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
ードする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>"
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -b 1000 -acodec aac -ac 2 -ar 24000
-ab 64 -muxvb 768 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp"
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" 
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""


[Item12]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/768kbps ステレオ/64kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/768kbps Stereo/64kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
ードする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>"
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -b 768 -acodec aac -ac 2 -ar 24000
-ab 64 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp"
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp"
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""


[Item13]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/700kbps ステレオ/128kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/700kbps Stereo/128kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
[ドする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>"
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -b 700 -acodec aac -ac 2 -ar 24000
-ab 64 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp"
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp"
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""



[Item14]
Title=QVGA/29.97fps/450kbps ステレオ/64kbps
TitleE=QVGA/29.97fps/450kbps Stereo/64kbps
; -ab オプションの数値はチャンネルあたりのビットレートの模様。ステレオでエンコ
[ドする場合は目標ビットレートの半分を設定してください。
Command0=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -title "<%Title%>"
-bitexact -vcodec xvid -s 320x240 -r 29.97 -b 450 -acodec aac -ac 2 -ar 24000
-ab 32 -f 3gp "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command1=""<%AppPath%>\cores\QT3GPPFlatten" "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp"
"<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp" -c QT_3GPP(MobileMP4)_QVGA_AAC.ini"
Command2="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>.3gp""
Command3=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ATOMChanger" "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp"
"<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.mp4" "Camouflage_MP4_for_PSP.ini""
Command4="rm "<%TemporaryFile%>_2.3gp""
Command5=""<%AppPath%>\cores\ffmpeg" -y -i "<%InputFile%>" -f singlejpeg
-ss 5 -vframes 1 -s 160x120 -an "<%OutputPath%>M4V<%RandomNumber5%>.THM""





=============================================
* 15. .ini calculator & recommended settings*
=============================================

Here is a .ini calculator program that will help users get a setting of
instructions for their 3gp program. Simply select the settings and then down-
load the instructions and copy and paste into your .ini settings; then rerun
your settings program in 3Gp to save the new settings.
 
http://mitico.no-ip.com/inifilemp4/crea.php


People will always ask what are the best compression methods, and as I will
always have to repeat, it depends on the preference of the user, for how much
of a hit they can take on the video quality.

TVshows/Animes which are 24 minute episodes and such, are best done with 768kbs
or something around there, with audio at 64kbs or 128kbs.
Anime shows have a problem being at 24.97fps, as the audio goes out of sync,
even if the PC runs the .mp4 file perfectly, the PSP may not.
The same thing applies to cartoons, and/or 3-D Computer Generated movies and
such. I can sometimes take a small hit on quality, the setting I use most for
animes and such would be 500kbs with 64kbs audio @ 30fps. This makes the main
part of the show viewable, but the intros and parts with songs and such will
cause pixelization.  
For movies, this is tricky, as I've not done many movie files, and only have
watched one 2 hour movie on my PSP. I had the movie compressed at one of the
defaults with 15fps, and it was a semi-action movie, with subtitles. This
produced a 220MB file, that was two hours long with poor quality, but the
quality was still good enough to see the video w/o seeing pixelization on most
of the movie. The movie was great, as most people have viewed the movie on my
PSP and gave a sastifactory smile after finishing it.

Also note that using a 2nd pass feature tends to improve quality and lower the
artifact/pixelization of the movie.




=============================
* 16. Rapiz Converter Guide *
=============================

Now, here comes the Rapiz Guide.
First, download said program at a few sites by either using a search engine,
or just simply go to www.video2psp.com and head to the encoder section.

After you download and install the program, start up Rapiz Converter. A window
will open up and display several text bars, labels, radio buttons, and a
message bar at the bottom.


The first 3 text bars will be the input for the Title (The name of your file
after conversion), Source (this is the file you are trying to convert), Target
(the destination folder)

First, select the destination folder, preferably a folder you'll remember where
to look, it defaults it as the PSP's memory stick inside the MP root folder.
The command button "Change" will enable you to select where the file will
go after being converted. Reset command button will default the destination
folder. 
Next is the source of the file, select "Add file" command button and select the
file you wish to convert.

Last, you'll want to name the title. 


After that little section of file name and such, its now time to customize your
file compression methods.
It is similar to 3GP, but such compress options aren't limited to just one drop
down bar with all the setttings, now you can use radio buttons to select most
preferable compress settings.

First we have the first frame (Video quality), which has 6 radio buttons of
different quality setitng bitrates. The lables for the radio buttons obviously
tell you the quality of such settings, and its up to the user to decide if
he/she wants high or low quality videos. Most users will prefer something
in-between, such as 576kbs or 768kbs. Also, be aware of the frame to the right
of this one, as selecting Variable bitrate will give you the latter option
on the right side of the slash mark. 768kbs/Q4 (check box on Variable bitrate,
will select Q4).

Next frame will contain Audio settings. Such selections will have 32kbs,
64kbs, 112kbs, & 128kbs. A check box will put the sound at stereo quality if
checked.

Something like 64kbs or anything higher will sound great.

The drop down box will have a selection of resolution options. The options are:

288 X 256
320 X 176
320 X 240 (default 3GP resolution)
368 X 208
416 X 176

The frame box, to the right of the drop down bar, is the framerate setting
of the video.

You have three radio buttons:
15fps (ideal for saving space, but may end up with a choppy framerate at
certain scenes.

25fps (UK PAL video settings, good quality)
30fps (US NTSC video settings, good quality)


Lastly, we have the Video volume, which I believe is very self-expalantory.

My MP_ROOT command button at the bottom of the window, will show the files in
your MP_ROOT folder. 

The Setup Command will have language options, as well as skins to select.

Begin command button will start the converting process

Exit will close the program. 



After you select the settings and file, click the command button "Begin."
The program will begin converting the file for you. During the conversion,
there will be a time elapsed timer for each pass the video makes.
After the file is done converting, you'll see the time amount it took to
convert the file. It will inform you when the file is done converting.
The time to convert will vary on the PC that you're using. It took me about
half an hour to convert the first episode of American Dad.

After that, check the destination folder, and the file will be named the way
it needs to be for the PSP to recognize it.
Just transfer the file to the PSP and you can watch it.
Enjoy ^^



==========================================
* 17. Conclusion on programs. My 2 cents *
==========================================

Alright. From what I've concluded on these two programs, they are both simply
amazing, yet they use the same basic coding, the differences between them are
slight, yet noticeable in several aspects.

3GP has its strong points of being very fluid when it comes to be customized.
It is also a simple drag and drop feature and puts things on queue in a simple,
yet great manner. Also, it can be checked easily for prediction on when the
file will be done converting. Conversion is usually done faster on 3gp than
on Rapiz Converter.
Quality is great nonetheless.

Rapiz has its strong points of being user-friendly to most people. Rapiz has
a noticeable feature of "volume" which can raise the file size a tiny bit, but
give out better sound in the end, unless you know what you're doing on 3gp.
A 2nd pass feature, which enables the file to be compressed, yet usually
produces greater quality and reduces pixelization. The Conversion however, is
longer than what 3gp would be. The quality is what I consider to be of great
quality picture and sound.

I recommend you try both and see which one suits you, but currently I prefer 
using Rapiz as a Converter, despite the longer conversion time. 

I'm curious on how things will turn out when Techni's Multimedia Extender is
finished though, as that will simplify customized .ini settings for 3gp.



===========
* 18. FAQ *
===========

Q. I keep getting error messages when I try to use 3GP to convert.

A. 3GP doesn't work with every media file type sadly. 3GP does not work
with .mov; .rm. files for sure. I know it works with .avi and such. 
If you still keep getting this error, make sure you have QuickTime installed
with authoring support, as well as have a destination folder for the converted
files. This is a problemwith a few people and sometimes every solution doesn't
work. Last resort would be trying Image Converter 2. 


------

Q. How do I rip DVD files to the PSP?

A. Go to the section explained here on this FAQ. You can also use DVD shrink
to make the .vob file smaller. 

------

Q. My 3GP program claims the file has reached 100%, but I still see frames
being converted and its still processing, what's wrong? 

A. The 3GP program appears to get confused with .avi files at times and mis-
calculates the estimation time. This happens sometimes, and your file will be
fine as long as you don't interrupt the conversion.

-----

Q. There are times during my video where the video starts looking "pixelated/
digitalized," how can I avoid this?

A. Simply by raising the quality of the kbs for the images. It's like a
compromise though, as you have to take in poor quality to save space, and use
more space to get greater quality. If it is too tricky, try cutting the frame
rate in half and see how that works for you, maybe it'll look good to you.
The best way to avoid this is to use a 2pass feature, which is available in
Rapiz. 

-----

Q. I use a small .wmv .wmm file and it doesn't convert, why not?

A. simple, it's not compatible. Some users started using it thinking it'll
work, but apparently, it doesn't.  .avi & .vob are the most reliable files for
conversion to PSP



*Will add more later*






=============
* 19. Links *
=============



Ah, the links, here are links for certain things you may want.


****Rapiz Converter:
*REMOVED* If you want please feel free to ask me for an old version
of the converter that I originally used. Otherwise I can provide a link
for you asap. I'm sorry for the inconvenience. 

****3GP program: 
http://www.nurs.or.jp/~calcium/3gpp/

****Multimedia Extender for PSP:
https://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=129203

Created by TechniMyoko. Permisson of link granted by TechniMyoko herself.
Instructions to use it are on her site. Her program helps ease people with
file managing for their PSP. 
http://sonypsp.sourceforge.net/


****DVDDecrypter:
www.dvddecrypter.com


****AGK Program:
http://www.autogk.me.uk/


=========================
* 20. Legal Information *
=========================

This document may be not be reproduced under any circumstances except for 
personal, private use. It may not be placed on any web site or otherwise 
distributed publicly without advance written permission from me only. Use of 
this guide on any other web site or as a part of any public display is strictly 
prohibited, and a violation of copyright.

Use of any information in this document is entirely at your own risk.  Neither 
the Author, or any site hosting this document is liable for any damage you 
cause to your PSP, PC, Internet connection arising from the use of information
provided in this document.

You can find the latest version of this FAQ at GameFAQs (www.gamefaqs.com).

All trademarks and copyrights contained in this document are owned by their
respective trademark and copyright holders.



===============
* 21. Credits *
===============


*** To DarkCecil (I believe this is the person) for the first explanation of 
.ini editing.

*** Squidney2k1 for help on refreshing the minds about .ini editing. 

*** TechniMyoko for allowing me to link to her site as well as her helpful 
Multimedia Extender program.

*** Raiserblade2003 for help on file size and conversion time estimation note.

*** RaPiZ for taking the stress off for most people by creating his program.

*** jpsanders for giving info on how to put subtitles on a DVD rip file.

=========================
* 22. Email Information *
=========================

My email is provided at the top of the page, however your email to me must meet
some certain requirements to be read by me, or it goes straight into the trash
bin and the sender's address may be blocked in the future. 

1. Send me a question that can't be found in the FAQ section. I will try to
help.
2. Please be specific and try to type with decent grammar for me to understand 
your question and or suggestion.
3. Do not send attachments in any emails to me unless I requested so.
4. Check the latest version of this FAQ before sending questions.
5. I may not be able to reply right away, but if asked nicely I will try to 
reply asap. 
6. Positive suggestions, such as FAQ corrections and suggestions; spelling 
errors; credit name errors; new section suggestions are welcomed. 


Virtually anything else, will be deleted as warned.