o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|                                  ACTRAISER                                 |
|                               Platform: SNES                               |
|                                                                            |
|                          MAXIMUM POPULATION GUIDE                          |
|                       Version 1.2 (August 6, 2007)                         |
|                                                                            |
|                               By The Admiral                               |
|                        Email: Admiral1018@yahoo.com                        |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o


Introduction
------------
Despite being one of the more integral parts of the game, the exact workings 
of the population system in Actraiser have always remained mysterious.  A 
player could complete this game numerous times and notice differences in the 
population totals for some or all regions in each play through.  Most sources 
never discuss this topic beyond general tips and build strategies, and no 
source has ever quantified the maximum population or explained how that total 
is attainable.

This guide is the first to explore this topic in detail, including discussion 
of the maximum populations in each region and all the specific factors that 
influence this number.  Everything from the impact of game score, item use, 
map size, building types, number of structures, and even the direction of 
roads will be analyzed, as all of these affect population.  Whether you are a 
first time player or an Actraiser veteran, you will likely learn something new 
about this game that will help make your future adventures more productive.


==============================================================================
D I S C L A I M E R                                                       AR01
==============================================================================

This FAQ is meant for personal use only and cannot be reproduced for 
commercial use under any circumstances.  No portions of this guide may be 
reproduced, in part or in entirety, without the written consent of the author. 
If you would like to use any part of this guide in your FAQ or website, I will 
probably give you permission if you ask, but you must ask first (Email: 
Admiral1018@yahoo.com). The Actraiser title, as well as all contents within, 
is copyright of Enix/Quintet.


==============================================================================
T A B L E   O F   C O N T E N T S                                         AR02
==============================================================================

To jump to any section of this guide quickly, click the Edit option on the 
toolbar, then go to Find and type in the index number listed in the right 
column.  You can also press Ctrl+F to bring up the search box in most browsers 
and text editors.


DISCLAIMER................................................................AR01
TABLE OF CONTENTS.........................................................AR02

THE MAXIMUM POPULATION....................................................AR03
GENERAL TIPS FOR MAXIMIZATION.............................................AR04
THE SOUL COUNTER..........................................................AR05
STRUCTURES AND DEVELOPMENT................................................AR06

FACTORS LIMITING POPULATION...............................................AR07
MAXIMIZING POPULATION IN EACH REGION......................................AR08
POPULATION LEVEL CHART....................................................AR09
POPULATION PAR CODES......................................................AR10

CONTACT INFORMATION.......................................................AR11
REVISION HISTORY..........................................................AR12
CREDITS...................................................................AR13


==============================================================================
T H E   M A X I M U M   P O P U L A T I O N                               AR03
==============================================================================

Population is the determining factor for character level, hit points, and 
spell points.  While it is not necessary to achieve the absolute maximum 
population to reach the highest level (level 17 at 4600 people), you will need 
to come relatively close in most regions to have a chance.  Each region has a 
maximum population that can be attained under ideal circumstances, as shown 
below.


   Region            Max Population
   ======            ==============
   Fillmore               914
   Bloodpool              874
   Kasandora              874
   Aitos                  802
   Marahna                538
   Northwall              650
   ---------             ----
   TOTAL                 4652


The maximum global population in the game is 4652.  This allows you some 
leeway -- 52 people to be exact -- in reaching level 17.  If you have reached 
level 17 but fallen short of 4652, the likely culprits are Fillmore or 
Bloodpool.  A few tips mentioned below should allow you to reach the maximum 
with a little work (see "Factors Limiting Population").  If you have fallen 
well short of this total, there are likely several important areas regarding 
population growth that you need to consider.



==============================================================================
G E N E R A L   T I P S   F O R   M A X I M I Z A T I O N                 AR04
==============================================================================

The tips below will help you maximize populations in most regions.  See the 
following sections for specific details on understanding how and why 
population growth occurs, as well as how to maximize populations in each 
specific region.


1. DESTROY LEVEL 1 AND 2 HOUSES
In all stages, houses begin holding more people as the civilization level 
increases.  Once you reach level 3, destroy level 1 and 2 houses.  This will 
need to be done using Lightning early on, but Earthquakes work much more 
effectively later in the game, as they leave level 3 buildings intact and 
affect the entire map with one use.

2. REPLACE CORN FIELDS WITH WHEAT FIELDS
In Kasandora and Marahna, you will need to replace corn fields with wheat 
fields to achieve the maximum population.  Wheat fields provide resources to a 
larger number of people than corn fields do, so less of these structures are 
required.  This indirectly allows more housing structures to be created.  You 
do not need to worry about replacing corn fields with wheat in Fillmore or 
Northwall, as fields are eventually replaced by mansions.

3. RUN UP THE SCORE DURING THE ACTION STAGES
Unknown to most people, your score in the action stages directly effects your 
maximum population.  The higher your score, the greater the number of "souls" 
that are freed.  These souls later become the people who inhabit each region 
and run from the temple each time you expand the town.  The exact cumulative 
(Act 1 + Act 2) score that you need varies in each level, but is between 16300 
and 27100 (see the "Factors Limiting Population" section for specific point 
totals).

4. MINIMIZE BRIDGES
There has been a long standing myth that the number of bridges effect the 
maximum population in each region.  As it turns out, this myth is correct.  
However, it's not the bridges in themselves that limit population - each 
region is restricted to 128 total structures, and bridges count towards that 
total. Bridges become a major limiting factor in Fillmore and Bloodpool.  You 
will need to be creative with build orders to minimize the number of bridges 
yet still build over each square of the map.  For reference, Fillmore's 
population is maximized with 1 bridge and Bloodpool's population is maximized 
with 3 bridges.  You do not have to worry about the number of bridges in 
Marahna or Northwall.

5. COVER THE MAP
It is important to make sure every inhabitable square is covered.  Some 
regions, like Bloodpool and Aitos, have a few squares near the borders of the 
map that are easy to overlook.  While they may only hold a couple of houses, 
every structure is important.  You will not be able to maximize population in 
any region expect Kasandora if every inhabitable square is not built out.



==============================================================================
T H E   S O U L   C O U N T E R                                           AR05
==============================================================================

The soul counter is a hidden statistic that records the number of "freed 
souls" in each region.  Freed souls ultimately become the people who end up 
populating new houses when the town expands.  As far as this relates to the 
story, these souls were the people who were slain long ago by Tanzra and who 
have been reincarnated as the various demons and enemies in the region.  The 
Actraiser's main role in the game is to free these lost souls so that 
civilization can flourish again.


==========================
HOW THE SOUL COUNTER WORKS
==========================
The soul counter for each new stage begins at zero.  So long as it is zero, 
you cannot begin building the town.  You will notice this every time you begin 
a new region.  During simulation mode, you can free souls in two ways:

   1. Defeat enemies with the angel's arrows or Bomb (1 soul)
   2. Seal a monster's lair (souls = number of monster in lair) 

Each time a soul is freed, whether from a defeated enemy or sealed lair, you 
will see a small, white "cloud" head to the temple.  This signifies an 
addition to the soul counter.  The soul counter is then decreased once the 
town is built out and the population increases (as these people are no longer 
souls, but now living beings).

The easiest way to increase the soul counter, and thus grow your population, 
is by sealing monster's lairs.  You can see the number of trapped souls in a 
monsters laid by hovering over it and pressing the B button.  You will receive 
a message that says something like "There seems to be 172 Napper Bats in this 
Lair."  In this case, 172 is the number of trapped souls.  If this lair is 
sealed, the soul counter (and potential population) will increase by 172.

At the outset of each region, you will need to defeat at least a few monsters 
with the angel so that the town can be built out far enough to reach the first 
lair.  You will also need a population of at least 10 to seal a monster's lair

If your people are killed, whether by monsters or by you, the souls of these 
dead townsfolk will be added to the trapped souls in the monster lairs.  If an 
enemy kills the townsfolk, these souls will return to the lair of that 
particular enemy.  If you kill the townsfolk, the souls will be divided evenly 
across the remaining monster lairs.

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE                                                                     |
|Let's say there is one Napper Bat lair (with 100 enemies) and one Blue      |
|Demon lair (with 50 enemies) remaining.  Below is a table showing what      |
|happens to the enemy count in each lair when your people are killed.  In    |
|the first case, the Blue Demon uses its lighting attack to kill 8 people.   |
|In the second case, you use lightning to kill 8 people.                     |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|                 Enemies in Lair      Enemies in Lair       Enemies in Lair |
| Enemy Lair        (starting)       (Blue Demon kills 8)     (you kill 8)   |
| ==========      ==============     ====================    =============== |
| Napper Bat           100                   100                   104       |
| Blue Demon            50                    58                    54       |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o

If all monster lairs have already been sealed, the souls of dead townspeople 
will simply be added back to the soul counter.


===================================
HOW SOULS EFECT MAXIMUM POPULATION
===================================
Something that should start becoming apparent now is the relationship between 
enemies in monster lairs, the soul counter, and the maximum population in a 
region.  The maximum population during Act 1 of the simulation mode can never 
exceed the sum of the starting monsters in all four lairs.  The following 
equation always holds true:

  Maximum Population <= Population + Soul Counter + Enemies in Monster Lairs

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE                                                                     |
|You begin a region with a population of 2.  You have not killed any enemies |
|yet, so the soul counter is 0.  You add the number of enemies in all four   |
|lairs and calculate 600.  Therefore, the maximum population you can reach   |
|during Act 1 is 602:                                                        |
|                                                                            |
|  602 <= 2 (population) + 0 (soul counter) + 600 (enemies in monster lairs) |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o

Notice that the maximum population is less than or equal to this total.  This 
is because there are still other factors that may limit population even if you 
have ample souls for growth.

You may be wondering a couple of things based on your past experience:

   1. Why is the number of enemies in monster lairs always different?
   2. How does the city keep growing after Act 2, even if the population
      already equals the number of starting enemies in monster lairs?

The answer to both of these has to do with the amount of points you score 
during the two action segments of the stage.


===================================
HOW SCORE EFFECTS SOULS AND ENEMIES
===================================
The number of points you score during the action stages effects both the 
number of starting enemies in monster lairs (during Act 1) and the soul 
counter directly (during Act 2).

When you begin a new region, there is a starting number of enemies that will 
always be in each monster lair regardless of the how many points you score 
during the action segment (the exact totals are in the "Factors Limiting 
Population" section).  This total will be then be increased by 1 enemy for 
every 50 points you earn during the action stage.

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE 1                                                                   |
|Fillmore will always begin with a minimum of 500 cumulative enemies in the  |
|monster lairs, regardless of score.  Let's say you score 9600 points during |
|the action portion of Act 1.  You will add 9600/50 or 192 enemies to the    |
|monster lairs.  This amount is added proportionately, so each lair would    |
|192/4 or 48 new enemies.  Therefore, the new total number of enemies in the |
|region will be 694 (enemies plus 2 for the founders).  This is now the      |
|highest population you can achieve during Act 1 of the simulation.          |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o

In the event that your score is not evenly divisible by 50, round down to get 
to the number of additional enemies.

Score has a similar effect during the Act 2 action stage.  However, since all 
the monster lairs will be sealed, the additional souls are added directly to 
the soul counter.

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE 2                                                                   |
|Continuing from example 1, let's say the player was able to reach a         |
|population of 694 in Act 1.  Population growth stopped since there were not |
|enough souls left to continue growing the town.  During Act 2, the player   |
|scores 10000 points.  This would add 10000/50 or 200 new souls directly to  |
|the soul counter.  Once the act resumed, you could continue building until  |
|you either ran out of souls (at population 694+200 or 894) or reached some  |
|other limiting factor of the region.                                        |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o

The table below summarizes the impact of score on souls:


   Stage                 Impact of Score
   =====                 ===============
   Act 1 action          Each 50 points adds 1 enemy to an enemy lair
   Act 2 action          Each 50 points adds 1 soul to the soul counter


Given its relationship to the soul counter, the number of points you score 
during the action stages can actually limit the maximum population of each 
region.  Therefore, there is a minimum number of points that you should try to 
score during Acts 1 and 2 to maximize population.  A breakdown of these point 
totals can be found in the "Factors Limiting Population" section.



==============================================================================
S T R U C T U R E S   A N D   D E V E L O P M E N T                       AR06
==============================================================================

In order to understand how population grows (and peaks), it is important to 
understand the different structures and their impact on how a town is 
constructed.  Also, several in-game events will have an effect on growth rate, 
and these are discussed below.


==================
HOUSING STRUCTURES
==================
Housing structures are the basic buildings that your denizens will occupy.  
Each stage has three different types of housing depending on the current 
civilization level.  Civilization level increases when certain monster lairs 
are sealed, and the game will let you know when this happens.

The housing structures at different civilization levels have different 
appearances and hold a different number of people.


   Civilization       Type of                  Number of
      Level           Housing                   People  
   ============       =======                  =========
        1             Straw Huts                  4
        2             Small Houses/Tents          6
        3             Brick/Stone Houses          8


Each region has slightly different housing after level 1 to match the 
geography of that area.  However, this has no impact of the number of people 
these buildings can hold.

Once you reach civilization level 3, you will want to go back and destroy 
older level 1 and level 2 buildings (easiest way to do this is via an 
Earthquake).  This will allow you to fit more people into the same space and 
helps you reach the maximum population.


=====================
SUPPORTING STRUCTURES
=====================
While most people ignore their existence, each area requires supporting 
structures capable of providing "resources" for the population.  These are the 
non-populous buildings like fields, windmills, and even mansions that are 
built along with houses.  Below is a list of each structure, along with how 
many people each will support.


   Supporting         Number of          Civ
   Structure       People Supported     Level     Region
   =========       ================     =====     ======
   Bridge                 32             N/A      All but Aitos and Kasandora
   Corn Field             32             1-3      All but Aitos
   Horse Ranch            32              1       Aitos
   Wheat Field            48             1-3      All but Aitos
   Mansion                72            3;2-3     Fillmore and Northwall
   Windmill               72             2-3      Aitos


A couple of these structures will not be created until you reach civilization 
levels 2 or 3 (windmill and mansion).  These structures, along with Wheat 
Fields and Bridges, cannot be destroyed by earthquakes.  Bridges cannot be 
destroyed by anything and are permanent once built.

The "Number of People Supported" column indicates that how many people can 
exist before an additional supporting structure is created.

A supporting structure will often be the first building created, as you need 
resources to support your existing population.  If, however, the first square 
you build to cannot physically be occupied by a supporting structure, one will 
be created as soon as possible.

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE                                                                     |
|You have a town with 60 people and 2 corn fields (the two corn fields       |
|support 32x2 or 64 people).  The town expands to 68 people.  During this    |
|expansion, you will also see an additional corn field being built, as one   |
|is required for every 32 people.                                            |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o

The different regions have different supporting structures.  Since some 
supporting structures provide more resources than others, some regions will 
have more structures than others at the same population total.  This is 
important to keep in mind, as the number of total structures is a limiting 
factor of maximum population (see "Factors Limiting Population" for more).

The resources provided also give a rationale for replacing corn fields with 
wheat fields when you can: wheat will support more structures.  You will need 
to replace corn fields with wheat fields in both Kasandora and Marahna to 
reach the maximum population.  You do not need to do this in Fillmore or 
Northwall, as the final supporting structure (mansion) can replace the fields.

The stand-out structure on the above list is the bridge.  Unlike the other 
structures, you do have some control over the creation of bridges.  If a 
bridge exists, less of other types of supporting structures will have to be 
built.  However, bridges provide the least amount of resources of any 
supporting structure.  In stages where your population is limited by the 
physical number of structures (Fillmore and Bloodpool), you will want to see 
less bridges and more supporting structures of other types.  For some 
strategies on how to minimize bridges in both regions, see the "Maximizing 
Population in Each Region" section below.


===================
INHABITABLE SQUARES
===================
One of the factors that limits maximum population is the physical amount of 
space in which housing units can be constructed.  While it may seem like there 
is additional space for expansion in some regions that stop growing, you need 
to consider that houses can only be placed in certain spaces.

Each region is made up of 64 squares (8 by 8).  You can see the square by 
selecting the lightning (or similar miracle) or by choosing a direction to 
build the town.  Both of these will highlight one of the 64 squares with a 
yellow box.  Within each square, either housing, supporting structures, or 
roads can be placed.  These are restricted to designated spots within the 
square, and are also limited by natural terrain (like a river or mountain).

Within each square, structures will always be built as indicated by the image 
below.  H = housing structures, S = supporting structures, and = designates 
roads.

      -------------------
     |SSSS|SSSS|====|HHHH|
     |SSSS|SSSS|====|HHHH|
     |----|----|----|----|
     |SSSS|SSSS|====|HHHH|
     |SSSS|SSSS|====|HHHH|
     |----|----|----|----|
     |====|====|====|====|
     |====|====|====|====|
     |----|----|----|----|
     |HHHH|HHHH|====|HHHH|
     |HHHH|HHHH|====|HHHH|
      ------------------- 

Within each square, no more than 5 housing units can ever be created.  
Supporting units will always appear at the top left corner, and roads will 
separate the two.  Even if roads or supporting structures do not exist on a 
particular square, housing can never be built on any part of there square 
where a supporting structure or road *could* exist.

This construction pattern debunks some of the older tips for this game that 
told you to delete excess fields and supporting structures to make more rooms 
for houses.


==================
DIRECTION OF ROADS
==================
Roads within each square can run north-south or east-west.  Roads will 
typically follow your building direction.  For example, if you order the town 
to be built three units upward from the temple, roads will only appear north-
south.  Also, if you select a building direction and do not move to any 
different squares (just press B and remain on the current square), roads will 
typically be filled out in the square for both directions.  This is how you 
can get N-S and E-W roads on squares in the corner of the screen that can only 
be approached from one direction.

Road direction is important when it comes to regions where bridges are built 
(particularly Fillmore and Bloodpool).  You can minimize the bridges built by 
ordering the building direction to run strictly parallel to rivers, rather 
than perpendicular (or right at them).  If the roads are built perpendicular, 
bridges will automatically be constructed once you build on the other side of 
the river.

o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE                                                                     |
|The image below shows 9 squares with a river (river indicated by ~) that    |
|divides squares 1-3 and 5-7 (similar to the river in Fillmore).  If you     |
|command the build direction to go from 1-7, sequentially, only one bridge   |
|will be built (in square 5).  If you build or enter squares 1, 2, 6, or 7   |
|from the east or west, the game will build another one or two bridges over  |
|the river.  This area can have as few as one bridge or as many as three.    |
|                                                                            |
|    _____ _____ _____                                                       |
|   |     |     |     |                                                      |
|   |  5  |  4  |  3  |                                                      |
|   |~~~~~~~~~__|_____|                                                      |
|   |     | ~~  |     |                                                      |
|   |  6  | ~~  |  2  |                                                      |
|   |_____|_~~__|_____|                                                      |
|   |     | ~~  |     |                                                      |
|   |  7  | ~~  |  1  |                                                      |
|   |_____|_~~__|_____|                                                      |
|                                                                            |
|                                                                            |
|Build parallel to the river and carefully choose where you wish to cross it |
|to minimize bridges.                                                        |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o


======================
"PHANTOM" CONSTRUCTION
======================
One of the odder occurrences in the game is when towns mysteriously grow in 
regions when you are not there.  This is referred to as "phantom construction" 
and occurs in Fillmore, Aitos, and Northwall.  Phantom construction happens 
when regions have a square that is capable of holding a house but is partially 
obstructed on one or more sides.  These houses are not built because the 
game's pathing rules for townspeople forbid them from passing through other 
objects on their way to building a structure.  However, the game is still 
programmed to build on all portions of a square that are free, so there is a 
conflict.  This produces phantom construction of new houses while you are in 
another region.

A couple of oddities concerning phantom construction:

   1. When you enter a different region from the one where the phantom
      buildings will be constructed, you must wait for the hour glass to empty
      and fill three times.  After the third time, the global population will
      increase and the new buildings will be placed.

   2. Phantom construction will only occur after Act 2 has been completed.

You will need to make use of phantom construction in Fillmore and Aitos to 
reach the maximum population.  In Fillmore, this phantom house is constructed 
2 squares left and one square up from the temple.  In Aitos, there are three 
phantom houses built in each of the inhabitable squares along the bottom of 
the screen.  You can also use this technique in Northwall to build a house in 
the bottom-left corner of the square directly below the temple when no bridge 
or road exist.


=================
POPULATION STATUS
=================
While you are building, different events and occurrences will affect the 
population status as indicated on the Status of Cities screen.

NONE           This is the status in regions that you cannot enter yet.  This
               will change once you complete Act 1.

NORM           Indicates that all the proper factors are in place for
               population growth to continue.

SLOW           Population status is listed as Slow when the soul counter runs
               low OR when you have reached the maximum population during
               Act 1.  Even if this population is the highest that can later
               be attained in Act 2, the status will still be Slow instead of
               Max.

STOP           There are a few instances in the game where events will unfold
               that require your intervention before the city can continue to
               grow.  See the next section for a complete list of these
               events.  You must remedy these problems before continuing to
               build the city.

MAX            Max means that you have reached the maximum population *given*
               the current limiting factors.  You may still be able to
               increase the population further if you can eliminate or change
               one of the limiting factors.  Max will never be displayed until
               after Act 2 of a region, regardless of whether the maximum has
               been reached or not.


==================================
EVENTS THAT STOP POPULATION GROWTH
==================================
The following events occur in various regions and put a complete stop to 
population growth.  You must resolve the situation before any new growth will 
resume.

Region         Event                            Resolution
=====          =====                            ==========
Fillmore       A fire breaks out                Use Rain or wait until fire
                                                burns out on its own

Bloodpool      Teddy is missing                 Take the loaf of bread and use
                                                it on Teddy near the lake

Bloodpool      Conflict engulfs the town        Use Harmonious Music from
                                                Kasandora

Kasandora      A plague spreads                 Use Herbs from Marahna

Aitos          No wind                          Use Wind

Northwall      Townspeople are too cold         Use Sheep's Fleece from Aitos



=============================================================================
F A C T O R S   L I M I T I N G   P O P U L A T I O N                    AR07
=============================================================================

In trying to maximize population in each region, there are always one of three 
possible factors that will eventually limit your maximum growth:

1. Number of Souls
2. Map Size
3. Number of Structures

Every region can potentially be limited by the number of souls you have freed.  
This limitation will be determined by your score in the action portions of 
each stage.  See the "Souls" subsection below for specific scores.  Still, you 
have some control over the number of souls and can play the action stages so 
that this is never a limiting factor.

After souls, regions will either be limited by physical size (no room left to 
expand) or number of structures (you have built the maximum amount allowed).  
The table below shows which factors limit population in each region:


                        Limiting
   Region                Factor 
   ======             =============
   Fillmore           Structures, Souls
   Bloodpool          Structures, Souls
   Kasandora          Structures, Souls
   Aitos              Size, Souls
   Marahna            Size, Souls
   Northwall          Size, Souls


=====
SOULS
=====
As discussed in the first section, your score during the two action sections 
determines the number of souls you can free.  To reach the maximum population 
in a region, you must therefore acquire a minimum number of cumulative points.  
The table below shows the starting number of enemies in each region (this is 
the sum of the 4 monster lairs), the maximum population, and the combined 
score you need on the two Acts to free enough souls to reach the maximum 
population.


                  Starting Enemies         Maximum           Act 1 + Act 2
                  In Monster Lairs        Population         Score Needed
                  ================        ==========         =============
   Fillmore             500                   914                20600
   Bloodpool            330                   874                27100
   Kasandora            450                   874                21100
   Aitos                320                   802                24000
   Marahna              210                   538                16300
   Northwall            180                   650                23400


o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o
|EXAMPLE                                                                     |
|You are building out Fillmore.  In Act 1, you score 10000 points.  This     |
|adds 10000/50 or 200 souls to the enemy lairs.  Assuming you built your     |
|town optimally, you should have a population of 702 when you enter Act 2.   |
|Now, based on the table above, you will need 20600-10000 or 10600 points in |
|Act 2 to reach the maximum population.  10600 points will yield 212 souls.  |
|When added to the previous population (702+212), you now have enough freed  |
|souls to reach the maximum population of 914.  However, your population can |
|still be limited by the other factors below.                                |
o----------------------------------------------------------------------------o


==========
STRUCTURES
==========
The game has a hard limit of 128 structures in each area.  The game does not 
care about the size or type of the structures - a bridge counts just the same 
as a house, wheat field, or mansion.  Once you reach this 128 limit, you 
cannot build any more structures under any circumstances.  This effect is most 
easy to see in Kasandora, where there is still ample space left when the 
building ceases.

If you cross a river once there are 128 structures, the road will continue on 
the other side but no bridge will be built (however, if you destroy some other 
structure, a bridge will appear immediately as space is available, so be 
careful).

The table below shows a breakdown of the structures in each region under ideal 
conditions.  The Minimum Bridges column indicates the fewest number of bridges 
you can construct and still maximize population.  This number is only 
important in Fillmore and Bloodpool.  In Marahna, you can have 1 or 2 bridges 
and it will not effect maximum population.  Northwall can have up to 5 bridges 
with no adverse effect.


                      Housing       Supporting     Minimum       Total
                     Structures     Structures     Bridges     Structures
                     ==========     ==========     =======     ==========
   Fillmore             114             13            1            128
   Bloodpool            109             16            3            128
   Kasandora            109             19            0            128
   Aitos                100             12            0            112
   Marahna               67             11            1             79
   Northwall             81              8            3             92


One note on Bloodpool: even though you should need 17 wheat fields to support 
a population of 874 (with 3 bridges), the game only creates 16.  The reason 
for this is because there is simply no room left for any more wheat fields.  
In reaching the maximum population, you will always fill every possible square 
with a field.  The game does not penalize you for this, and instead allows a 
few houses to exist despite a lack of resources to support them.


========
MAP SIZE
========
The last three regions in the game are limited by the physical size of the 
maps.  Although it may appear that there is still some additional room once 
the population is at maximum, keep in mind that there are restrictions on 
where housing structures can appear within each square (see "Inhabitable 
Squares" subsection above).  These regions will simply stop growing once there 
is no inhabitable space remaining.

Since size (and not number of structures) is the limiting population factor in 
Aitos, Marahna, and Northwall, you do not have to worry about the number of 
bridges in these stages.



==============================================================================
M A X I M I Z I N G   P O P U L A T I O N   I N   E A C H   R E G I O N   AR08 
==============================================================================

Each region has slightly different requirements and idiosyncrasies regarding 
population growth.  The section below will list some of the basic factors for 
maximizing population in each region.  Note that this is NOT a walkthrough of 
each stage.  It is expected that you understand the basics of how to play the 
game and create cities.  If you want more general information on these topics, 
please refer to a more comprehensive guide.


========
FILLMORE
========
Maximum Act 1 Population: 906
Maximum Act 2 Population: 914

Fillmore is one of the pickier levels to maximize.  If you want to achieve the 
highest possible population during Act 1 of this region, you must score at 
least 20200 points during the action stage.  This is not very easy to do, as 
the stage is short and does not have many high-point enemies.  The stage does 
have two 1-Ups, however, so you will need to use the "earn points, collect 1-
Up, die, repeat" strategy.  If you do not reach 20600 here (need an additional 
400 for the final house), you will need to accumulate the difference during 
Act 2.

Once you begin the simulation, your main goal will be to complete the stage 
with only 1 bridge constructed over the river.  At the beginning, avoid 
building on any of the squares that border the river.  This includes the 
squares directly NW, W, and SW from the temple.  Seal the monster lairs in the 
south and northeast, and be sure to build over every single square with the 
exception of the aforementioned ones that border the river.

Once the southern and eastern sides of the region are built out, it's time 
carefully build around the river.  You will want to build parallel to the 
river at all times.  It is a good idea to save before you attempt this, just 
to be safe.  The map below shows the northwest portion of the map.  Below the 
map is the specific build order you should follow.


            _____ _____ _____
           |     |     |     |
           |  6  |  5  |     |
           |_____|_____|_____|
           |~    |     |     |
           |~~7~~~~ 4  |     |
      _____|_____|~____|_____|
     |     |     | ~   |     |
     | 10  |  8  | ~3  |  T  |
     |_____|_____| ~___|_____|
     |     |     |~~   |     |
     | 11  |  9  |~ 2  |     |
     |_____|_____|~____|_____|
                 |     |
                 |  1  |
                 |_____|


In the above picture, T represents the temple and ~ represents water.  Build 
in the follow direction and do not stop or turn:

1 -> 2 -> 3 -> 4 -> 5 -> 6 (seal lair)

Square 6 contains a monster's lair, if you have not already sealed it.  If 
this is the third lair you are sealing, you will now learn how to build 
bridges.  Now things get a little tricky.  From this square, build in the 
following order:

6 -> 7 (bridge) -> 8 -> 9 -> 8 -> 10 -> 11 (seal lair)

If you only built north-south in square 3, you should not create a new bridge 
when you turn west at square 8.  You will stop on the final monster lair.  It 
is very important that you do not move the build direction square from this 
area.  If you move it to any square other than 10 or 11, a new bridge will be 
created over the river.

At this point, your civilization level will be increased.  Go around the map 
an use Lightning to destroy any level 1 or 2 buildings.  It will take a little 
while, but you should eventually cover the map with level 3 structures.  
Assuming you scored 20200 in the Act 1 action stage, you can max out the 
population at 906 right now.  If you scored less than 20600, make up the 
difference in Act 2.

Now, you will notice that the maximum Act 1 population is only 906.  The 
reason this is different from the Act 2 maximum is because there is a 
"phantom" house at the bottom left corner of square 7 that cannot be built 
while you are in the region.  Once Act 2 is completed and you have reached 906 
people, go to Bloodpool (or some other region) and observe the region there 
until the hour glass has filled and emptied three times.  After the third 
time, the global population should suddenly increase by 8.  When this happens, 
the final building in Fillmore will have been constructed.  Your population 
should now be 914.

Once your population is 914, you can move the build direction square anywhere 
you want.  Moving it over the rivers will create roads but will not construct 
new bridges.

=========
BLOODPOOL
=========
Maximum Act 1 Population: 874
Maximum Act 2 Population: 874

Bloodpool is another high maintenance level.  This stage is even easier to 
screw up than Fillmore, as there are 10 possible bridges that can be 
constructed.  Your goal is only to raise 3: 1 over the north river and 2 over 
the south river.

If you want to maximize population during Act 1, you will need to score 27100 
points during the first action stage.  This is a very time consuming task.  As 
in Fillmore Act 1, you will need to repeatedly collect the 1-Up, die, and 
collect more points.  There is an added reward for your persistence, however.  
Normally, once you complete Act 2, the region will be engulfed with conflict 
and the population growth will halt until you bring the Harmonious Music from 
Kasandora.  You can avoid all that (and never have to use the music at all) if 
you reach the maximum during Act 1.

Once the simulation begins, focus on developing the area to the north of the 
temple.  Do NOT build east, west, or south at this point.  When the northern 
area is cultivated and the monster's lair sealed, it's time to tackle the 
bridges.  Note that you need to use the Bridge item from Fillmore before you 
can cross the rivers.  As in the last stage, it's a good idea to save before 
this point.

The map below shows the southern portion of this region.


            _____ _____ _____ 
           |     |     |     |
           |  1  |  T  | ~~~~|
           |_____|_____|~~___|
           |~~~~~~~~~~ ~~    |
           |  3  |  2  |  4  |
           |_____|_____|_____|_____|
           |     |     |     |     |
           |  9  |  8  |  5  |  6  |
      _____|_____|_____|_____|_____|
     |     |  ~~~~~~~~~~     |
     |~~   |16~  | 10  |~ 7  |
     |_~___|~~~ _|_____|~____|
     | ~~~~~~    |     |
     | 13  | 12  | 11  |
     |_____|_____|_____|
           |     |     |
           | 15  | 14  |
           |_____|_____|


In the above image, T is the temple and ~ represents water.  Squares 6 and 15 
contain monster's lairs.  Start at the temple and build in the following order 
(note that you do not ever need to build on the square east of the temple; it 
will create bridges but cannot hold houses):

T -> 1 -> T

As stated, build to the square west of the temple, then build right back.  Do 
not turn south or stop while on square 1.  Next, build as follows:

T -> 2 (bridge) -> 3 -> 2 -> 4 -> 5 -> 6 (seal lair)

You should now seal the monster's lair at square 6.  Note, once again, the 
back-and-forth build order between squares 2 and 3.  So long as you do not 
turn inside the square, you will not create roads in a different direction.  
Once the monster lair at square 6 is sealed, build as follows:

6 -> 5 -> 7 -> 5 -> 8 -> 9 -> 8

You should only be able to order the building direction square this far in a 
single command.  At this point, you should have covered every inhabitable 
square above the south river.  If you need to go back north for some reason, 
move right to square 7 before heading north.  Now, the build order for the 
south:

8 -> 10 (bridge) -> 11 -> 12 -> 13 -> 12 -> 11

So far, you have only constructed one bridge over the southern river.  From 
here, finish up the region in this order:

11 -> 14 -> 15 (seal lair) -> 12 -> 16 (bridge)

This final sequence seals the southern lair, constructs an additional bridge 
over the south river, and completes the development of the stage.  Once you 
seal the lair at square 15, you should reach civilization level 3.  Begin 
destroying all level 1 and 2 houses and watch the population soar.

If you scored 27100 during the action portion of Act 1, you will be able to 
hit 874 people before taking on the second boss.  If not, try to score enough 
points so your Act 1 + Act 2 scores total 27100.  After completing Act 2, the 
population growth will stop until you bring the Music item from Kasandora. You 
will need to wait until then to maximize the population.


=========
KASANDORA
=========
Maximum Act 1 Population: 874
Maximum Act 2 Population: 874

Kasandora is probably the easiest region to max.  Use the wheat on the first 
field that appears and build out as you wish.  If you want to maximize 
population during Act 1, you will need to score 21100 points during the Act 1 
action stage.  If you do not score this many, it is a good idea NOT to build 
over the square with the lost desert wanderer.  The plague will not occur at 
the end of the Act if this man has not been rescued.  In fact, none of the 
following events will occur unless this man is found:

   1. Discovery of the scroll that the wanderer found
   2. Birth of the Harmonious Music
   3. Discovery of the scroll at the southern mountain
   4. Discovery of the Ancient Tablet in the northwest
   5. Spread of the Plague

Therefore, you may want to wait until your population reaches 874 before 
rescuing this man if you can.  The downside to this is that you miss out on 
two scrolls, so this underscores the importance of earning enough points for 
maximization during the Act 1 action stage.  If you do rescue him before 
reaching the maximum population, you will need to wait until finding the Herbs 
in Marahna to finish the stage.  Even without building over the wanderer's 
square, there is ample room in the stage to maximize population.


=====
AITOS
=====
Maximum Act 1 Population: 778
Maximum Act 2 Population: 802

Aitos is also relatively simple to build.  You can construct the town in any 
order you want.  If you want to reach the highest population level in Act 1, 
you will need to score 22800 points in the Act 1 action stage.  This is not an 
easy task, but is not as difficult as racking up points in some of the 
previous Act 1 stages.  During the simulation, be sure not to miss any 
inhabitable squares, particularly in the south by the mountains.

The Act 1 population maxes out at 778.  This is three houses less than the Act 
2 maximum.  These three "phantom" houses will eventually be built in the 
southernmost three squares.  They cannot be built while you are in the region 
because they are blocked by other structures and cannot be accessed by the 
townspeople.  After Act 2, go to another stage and wait until the hour glass 
has filled and emptied three times  the global population will suddenly jump 
by 24.  Assuming your cumulative score on Act 1 + Act 2 is 24000, Aitos should 
now be complete with 802 people.


=======
MARAHNA
=======
Maximum Act 1 Population: 538
Maximum Act 2 Population: 538

Marahna is the quickest stage to build and does not require any special order.  
Simply use wheat on the first crop and develop the town in any way you would 
like.  You can maximize the population in Act 1 by scoring 16300 in the action 
stage, which will take a while to do.  It is much easier to make up any score 
difference in Act 2, as that stage racks up points very easily.

It is possible to build up to two bridges in this stage, but these do not 
limit population size.  The first bridge crosses the river leading to the 
monster lair in the southwest corner.  The second bridge can be built two 
squares right of this one.  Place the build direction square on that location.  
Command the game to start and stop the build order on that square without 
moving to any other square.  The build square will not move, but it should 
create a north-south road and construct a bridge to nowhere.  Doing that is 
probably more of a novelty than anything else.


=========
NORTHWALL
=========
Maximum Act 1 Population: 650
Maximum Act 2 Population: 650

Like the previous three regions, Northwall does not have any special build 
order.  In fact, Northwall's construction is always pretty linear given the 
restriction from building east of the river until the two monster's lairs are 
sealed.  If you scored 23400 points during the action stage, you can max out 
Northwall during Act 1.  That is a relatively difficult score to amass, but, 
if you decide to do so, take advantage of the 1-Up in the first indoor cave.

This region begins with corn fields.  While you can plant wheat, you do not 
need to.  The level 3 supporting structures can replace the fields.

Shortly after the town begins development, the people will complain that they 
are too cold to continue building.  You will need to give them the Sheep's 
Fleece from Aitos before they will resume.  There is no other way to get 
around this stoppage.

This region can have up to 5 bridges, but you do not need to worry about them 
affecting the population; build as many as you'd like.  Once all the monster 
lairs are sealed, destroy the level 1 and 2 buildings (with an earthquake).  
Also, you will want to destroy all remaining wheat fields, as more efficient 
mansions will spring up to replace them.

In order to make sure all houses can be built, you will need to have a bridge 
going east-west on the river one square below the temple.  If you don't have 
this bridge, the house in the bottom left corner cannot be built (although it 
can still be "phantom" constructed after Act 2 without that bridge).



==============================================================================
P O P U L A T I O N   L E V E L   C H A R T                               AR09
==============================================================================

The rationale for focusing on population is primarily because it ties into 
your current level, as well has hit points (HP) and spell points (SP).  The 
table below shows the population required to reach each level, as well as the 
HP and SP at that level.  Level 17 is the highest level you can reach.


     o--------------------------------------o
     |  Level  |Population|   HP   |   SP   |
     |---------|----------|--------|--------|
     |    1    |     --   |    8   |   20   |
     |    2    |     80   |    9   |   45   |
     |    3    |    200   |   10   |   60   |
     |    4    |    400   |   11   |   80   |
     |    5    |    700   |   12   |  100   |
     |    6    |    950   |   13   |  120   |
     |    7    |   1200   |   14   |  140   |
     |    8    |   1400   |   15   |  160   |
     |    9    |   1700   |   16   |  180   |
     |   10    |   1900   |   17   |  200   |
     |   11    |   2200   |   18   |  220   |
     |   12    |   2500   |   19   |  240   |
     |   13    |   2900   |   20   |  260   |
     |   14    |   3300   |   21   |  280   |
     |   15    |   3700   |   22   |  300   |
     |   16    |   4100   |   23   |  320   |
     |   17    |   4600   |   24   |  340   |
     o--------------------------------------o


==============================================================================
P O P U L A T I O N   P A R   C O D E S                                   AR10
==============================================================================

If you would like to explore the effects of population on your own, there is 
no better way to do it than by examining the memory addresses.  This section 
provides the locations of many relevant statistics that relate to population.  
The following section assumes you have some minor knowledge of emulation and 
memory editing, as no background information on these topics will be provided 
here.


==================
CIVILIZATION LEVEL
==================
Civilization level affects the types of housing buildings that can be 
constructed.  The higher the civilization level, the more people each house 
will hold.  At level 3, the highest quality building will be constructed.  In 
the codes below, XX will range from 01 (lowest) to 03 (highest).

Fillmore      7E022EXX
Bloodpool     7E0230XX
Kasandora     7E0232XX
Aitos         7E0234XX
Marahna       7E0236XX
Northwall     7E0238XX


============
SOUL COUNTER
============
Each region has a separate soul counter.  The future population is limited by 
this number of souls.  The soul counter represents two bytes.  XX can range 
from 00 to FF on each byte (no value will crash the game).  Setting the first 
byte to 40 (64 in decimal) will be enough to allow for maximum expansion in 
all regions.

Fillmore      7F9EFAXX/7F9EFBXX
Bloodpool     7F9EFCXX/7F9EFDXX
Kasandora     7F9EFEXX/7F9EFFXX
Aitos         7F9F00XX/7F9F01XX
Marahna       7F9F02XX/7F9F03XX
Northwall     7F9F04XX/7F9F05XX


==================
MONSTER LAIR COUNT
==================
These codes control the number of enemies in each monster lair.  There are 
four lairs in every region.  Setting a lair to 00 will eliminate all the 
monsters in that lair.  If you use these codes to eliminate all monsters in a 
region, you must also use the Soul Counter codes above, otherwise you will 
never be able to free enough souls to grow the town.  Each lair has two bytes 
that can range from 00 to FF.  The game will only display up to 999 monsters 
in the lair if the counter is over that total.  However, it will still 
accurately track enemy counts over 999.


                Lair 1          Lair 2          Lair 3          Lair 4
                ======          ======          ======          ======
Fillmore       7F96B8XX        7F96BAXX        7F96BCXX        7F96BEXX
               7F96B9XX        7F96BBXX        7F96BDXX        7F96BFXX

Bloodpool      7F96C0XX        7F96C2XX        7F96C4XX        7F96C6XX
               7F96C1XX        7F96C3XX        7F96C5XX        7F96C7XX

Kasandora      7F96C8XX        7F96CAXX        7F96CCXX        7F96CEXX
               7F96C9XX        7F96CBXX        7F96CDXX        7F96CFXX

Aitos          7F96D0XX        7F96D2XX        7F96D4XX        7F96D6XX
               7F96D1XX        7F96D3XX        7F96D5XX        7F96D7XX

Marahna        7F96D8XX        7F96DAXX        7F96DCXX        7F96DEXX
               7F96D9XX        7F96DBXX        7F96DDXX        7F96DFXX

Northwall      7F96E0XX        7F96E2XX        7F96E4XX        7F96E6XX
               7F96E1XX        7F96E3XX        7F96E5XX        7F96E7XX


==============================================================================
C O N T A C T   I N F O R M A T I O N                                     AR11
==============================================================================

Thank you for taking the time to read through this guide.  I hope you found it 
informative and useful in your adventures through Actraiser.  If you have any 
comments on the guide, whether they be corrections, suggestions for future 
revisions, spelling/grammar mistakes, formatting problems, additional 
strategies, or any other type of feedback, please let me know.  Anything 
contributed will be credited in detail to the sender.

I can be reached regularly at the following email address:
Admiral1018@yahoo.com.  Please include "Actraiser" or something along those 
lines in the email subject heading if you can, so I don't accidentally delete 
the email.


==============================================================================
R E V I S I O N   H I S T O R Y                                           AR12
==============================================================================

Version 0.99  March 13, 2007
  - Preview Version

Version 1.0  March 14, 2007
  - Initial Release

Version 1.1  July 6, 2007
  - Added specific locations of houses built by phantom construction
  - Added additional information on finding the desert wanderer in Kasandora
  - Clarified tips 2 and 3 in the General Strategies section
  - Reformatted Examples to stand out from descriptive text
  - Edited various sections for improved readability
  - Fixed minor spelling, grammar, and formatting issues

Version 1.2  August 6, 2007
  - Corrected populations for Bloodpool and Kasandora in first section 


==============================================================================
C R E D I T S                                                             AR13
==============================================================================

Big thanks to everyone who helped and inspired me with this guide, especially 
the members at the GameFAQs Actraiser message boards  this guide would not 
have been possible without your encouragement.  If I have accidentally omitted 
your name from this section, please feel free to contact me and I will include 
you immediately.  Special thanks to the following people:

- flamingspinach (genesisreality@genesisreality.dyndns.org): You PAR codes
  guide was a helpful resource during the creation of this guide.  You saved
  me the hassle of having to record all those codes, which was very useful.

- acote80: Thank you for creating the initial topic that sparked my interest
  in this topic again.  It was your posts on populations in Fillmore and
  Bloodpool that ultimately began my research.

- Zidanax (zidanax@gmail.com) for some spelling and grammar corrections.

- Other members of the Actraiser board who contributed to this topic,
  especially: -_-ShockWave-_-, arby64, AR788, DarkstarRipclaw, Evil Peer,
  Hasukawa Kazuyaa, Rec_rm, shinren27, SurvivorDude, zeldadude

- Everyone else for taking the time to read this guide and give me feedback on
  it.  I really appreciate your help.

================================END OF GUIDE==================================