The Mapmaker's Mapmaking Guide
                               for
                  TimeSplitters: Future Perfect 
                         

                         by admiralhowdy

                     howdyadmiral@yahoo.com

                          Version 0.66
                        December 25, 2007

                   Copyright 2007 Matt Ehinger


Table of Contents
-----------------
Introduction
Building Environments
  The Basics
  Doors and Teleporters
  Platforming
  The Amazing Strudel
  The Environmental Puzzle
The Mysteries of Memory, Revealed (more or less)
  ITEM Memory
  TILE Memory
  LOGIC Memory
  Story AI Memory
Tile Sets
  Military
  Lab
  Egyptian
  Horror
  Virtual
Story AI
   AI Classes
      Normal Class
      Zombie Class
      Robot Class
   Individual Characters
   Some Notes on Weapons Use
Map Considerations for Multiplayer Bots and Story AI
  Building "Bot-friendly" Maps
  Runners
  Exclusive Weapon Sets for Multiplayer Bots
  Using Character Abilities
Multiplayer Bots Character Abilities Analysis
  Abilities/Punishment Table
  Notes on Abilities
Logic
  Counters
  Logic and Story AI
  Creating Story Awards
  Some things to watch out for
  Assault Maps
Glitching!
Further Reading
Random Things


To access all pics in this guide, open a 2nd internet browser 
window, and copy/paste the following line to the 2nd window's 
address bar:
 
z13.invisionfree.com/admiralhowdy/index.php?act=Attach&type=post&id=

then immediately after the last "=", copy/paste the number of each 
pic to complete the url of each pic.



Introduction
------------
This super in-depth guide is intended as an aid in maximizing the 
use and enjoyment of the Mapmaker mode of TimeSplitters: Future 
Perfect.  The whole, in concept, should be both a resource and a 
springboard for ideas.  It is written using the Nintendo Gamecube 
version, but most of the information contained here should be just 
as relevant to the other console versions.

Once you have the game powered up and have selected the Mapmaker 
mode, most of the options and operations within the mapmaker are 
self-explanatory (take the time to study the Controls page, and pay 
attention to the ever-present button layout on each and every 
options page -- buttons will gain/lose function depending on what 
the cursor is placed over).  But despite the straightforwardness of 
the controls and the options that can be selected, there are many, 
many things that can be chosen, created, and/or customized, and the 
results of your choices can be quite difficult to predict without 
rigorous experimentation--trial and error.  It can be a real 
challenge to take what's in your head, input it into the matrix, and 
have it come out looking and acting any way near the way you 
originally intended.  This guide is meant to help.  If you have 
knowledge that can benefit other mapmakers, my wish is that it might 
be compiled here to be shared by all.  I've started with what I know 
so far, but if you would like to share your own knowledge, please 
consider submitting it for collection here (see the Random Things 
section for details).  

Though Future Perfect is quickly approaching 3 years out, and is 
sadly forgotten and neglected by many after the loss of online play 
support and the arrival of the next generation of console systems, 
the FP mapmaker remains a true console-gaming gem that still offers 
massive replay value, and always merits further exploration even 
when you might think it may be tapped out; therefore I want to state 
for the record that this guide will forever remain wide-open to 
contribution, even at such a time when TS4 might eventually come out 
with a superior mapmaker mode.  Right now, that time is still a long 
way off.

Join me, fellow cartographers; this big empty grid world is ours...


====================================================================
                        Building Environments
====================================================================

The Basics (for beginners)
--------------------------
In order to get started here, we need to be speaking the same 
language.  So first let's translate the in-game mapmaker visuals 
into something that can be easily and accurately depicted here.

In the mapmaker, you must place tiles in the 40 x 40 x 5+ block grid 
by looking at them in a two-dimensional view, from the top, 
navigating up and down between a standard 5 levels but always 
looking down over the top.  The tiles for the most part have certain 
basic shapes, as seen in this Top View.

Top View (in-game shape):
                              
               large        large open,  
              open low     ramps, bridges     small      stair
   most         _ _ _          _ _ _          room       room     
 corridors     |     |        |     |          _ _        _ _      
     _         |     |        |     |         |   |      |   |      
    |_|        |_ _ _|        |_ _ _|         |_ _|      |_ _|    
                           
After tiles are placed, press the appropriate button to bring up a 
3/4 top-down view of the placement, with the placed tiles being 
represented by white boxes and how they sit in relation to each 
other within a three-floor area (shoulder buttons scroll through 
which 3 floors of the grid, similar to the floor-scrolling within 
the "placement" view).  The simplest way to illustrate tiles on 
paper, however, is to think of them in side-view, and to show them 
in side-view.  This view most clearly shows their basic differences.

Side View (this-guide shape):

                            large open,       small      stair    
  most         large       ramps, bridges     room       room     
corridors     open low         _ _ _                      _ _      
    _           _ _ _         |     |          _ _       |   |      
   |_|         |_ _ _|        |_ _ _|         |_ _|      |_ _|    

In this guide, the Stackable tiles will be represented by a "+" for 
the bottom-most floor, so options are:

                             large                 
             large       ramps, bridges     spiral   
 small     open(low)          _ _ _         stairs      
   _         _ _ _           |     |         _ _      
  |+|       |+ + +|          |+ + +|        |+ +|   
  

To help ease you into the side-view language of this guide, here is 
the simplest sort of map, made by joining 3 large open low tiles, 
represented in side-view like so:
                    _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
                   |_ _ _|_ _ _|_ _ _|

The result is represented likewise in side-view here:
 
                  X|________P________|X

...with P denoting the Player standing in the middle of the map, the 
open area above being the sky above the player's head (since the sky 
feature is available, I like to try to utilize it).  The solid line 
below is the floor, and the X's represent the walls created around 
the placed tiles due to unmapped empty space within the computer 
grid.
 
Joining tiles horizontally is much easier in TS:FP than in TS2, as 
there is no required matching of red or blue linkages.  Here, any 
wall-free edge of any tile will merge seamlessly with any wall-free 
edge of any other tile; so many placement restrictions found in the 
previous game have gone out the window. 

Breaking out into a 3rd dimension, things start to get a little 
complicated due to the sky feature.  Below are two examples using 
"large open low" and "large open" tiles arranged in two different 
ways, to demonstrate how the sky feature works.

         (A)                           (B)
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _                   _ _ _ 
 |_ _ _|     |_ _ _|            _ _ _|     |_ _ _            
       |_ _ _|                 |_ _ _|_ _ _|_ _ _|           

                         
X|_____       _____|X         XXXXXXX|     |XXXXXXX         
XXXXXXX|__P__|XXXXXXX         X|________P________|X                
  

Note how the sky -- the open area above P -- is more visible in (A) 
than in (B).  Think of the sky as "paint" on the ceiling of the 
highest tile.  In (A), the ceilings of all 3 tiles are equally high, 
so all 3 get painted with sky (this analogy does not do justice to 
the effect, but the mechanics are the same).  In (B) however, the 
ceiling of the middle tile is higher than the others, so only this 
one gets the sky "paint job".  The two lower, flanking ceilings 
become roofed over, and the empty spaces beside the upper floor of 
the "large open" tile become wall -- just like walls appear around 
the bottom floor in (A), which is essentially (B) inverted. 

Making changes to maps where sky already exists can result in a loss 
of formerly available sky, due to the "high gets the sky" rule.  For 
instance, a tiny addition to (A) such as this:                 
                    _ _ _                                       
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|added|    will     XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX|     |X
 |_ _ _|     |_ _ _|_ _ _|   result    X|_____       ___________|X
       |_ _ _|              in this:   XXXXXXX|__P__|XXXXXXXXXXXXX
 
So that's how the sky works.  

TS2 players may notice the absence of the Core tiles from the TS:FP 
mapmaker.  The reason for there being no Core is that you can create 
your own "core" areas by using the Stackable tiles.  The TS2 core 
tile was only 4 floors high; but here you can make a 5-floor (and 
even 7-floor) core, which presents the new possibility of death by 
falling.  Though the map grid was 2 floors higher in TS2, at 7 
"natural" floors, a plunge straight downwards was never possible 
beyond a 3-floor drop in the 4-floor core. 
     
"Stackable" essentially means "disappearing ceiling/floor," but the 
ceilings and floors only disappear when stacked precisely on top of 
an identically-shaped stackable tile.  So stacking this:
   _ _ _                                           
  |+ + +|                    XXX|_____|X      
 _|+|_      will only get    XXX|_|XXXXX      (floor/ceiling
|+ + +|         you this:    X|__P__|XXX        separation 
  |   |                      XXX|   |XXX      at every level)
  |+ +|                      XXX|___|XXX

However, when used correctly, the Stackables make possible the 
construction of deep shafts, long zig-zagging valleys, or huge open 
spaces.

 open "mine shaft"         ->valley->                "quarry"
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _              _ _ _ _             _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
 |_ _ _|+|_ _ _|            |+|+|+|+|           |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|
       |+|                  |+|+|+|+|           |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|
       |+|            <-etc.|+|+|+|+|etc.->     |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|
       |+|_ _ _             |+|+|+|+|           |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|
       |+|_ _ _|            |+|+|+|+|           |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|
 
X|__P__   _____|X        <--         -->       X|                 |X
XXXXXXX| |XXXXXXX        <--         -->       X|                 |X
XXXXXXX| |XXXXXXX        <--         -->       X|                 |X
XXXXXXX| |XXXXXXX        <--         -->       X|                 |X
XXXXXXX|_______|X        <--___P_____-->       X|________P________|X
  
 
Note: a jump down the above 4-story mine shaft will kill the player.

You can gain an extra floor within the 5-story grid, and access that 
floor at any time, by placing a Story AI. Put the AI in a single-
height tile on the 5th floor.  Put a second single-height tile on the 
4th floor. Highlight both tiles ("mark"), grab the tile on the 4th 
floor (I call this tile the "tugboat") and move it up to 5.  When 
you do this, you are moving the highlighted 5th-floor tile to the 6th 
floor -- I think of this tile as the "ship" that the "tugboat" is 
moving.  Go to the Story AI menu, put the cursor on the placed AI, 
and choose "Show in map" to go to the 6th floor.  Once on the 6th 
floor you can place more tiles, items, etc. but once you scroll down 
to another floor you will need to "show AI in map" again to get back 
to 6.
 
Use of a "tugboat" to push tiles into the 7th floor or higher and 
retrieve them again is the basis of "glitching."  I do not consider 
the 6th floor AI trick to be in any way a glitch; it's just a 
lesser-known game mechanic, a trick that overcomes the problem of 
not being able to scroll up to the 6th floor in the first place; see 
the Glitching section for details on real glitching.  When not 
intentionally glitching though, be careful not to push single-height 
tiles above 6.  Anything left above the 6th floor will not connect, 
and therefore even a Stackable on 7 will automatically have a floor, 
thus cutting off the sky at the 6th floor/7th floor juncture.  Player 
travel between tiles above 6 can only be accomplished through 
teleporter, but this can still be a useful feature if you want to 
create a secret room in an indoor level that is not visible even 
from the editor.  Also note that pushing the bottom of a double-
height tile from 5 to 6 will place the double-height tile on 6/7, 
with free travel possible to/from 7 in an up/down direction; however 
the top half of the tile will not connect to other tiles beside it 
on 7. 

Designing outdoor levels containing tall structures of any kind is 
problematic, because any feature with height will be matched in 
height by the perimeter wall put up by the computer (the quarry 
effect).  Here B represents simple buildings:
                                       _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 
                                      |+ + +|_|+ + +|
                                      |+ + +|_|+ + +|
        _ _ _ _ _ _ _                 |+ + +|_|+ + +|
       |+ + +|_|+ + +|                |+ + +|_|+ + +|
       |+ + +|_|+ + +|                |+ + +|_|+ + +|

                                             _ 
                                     X|     |B|     |X
                                     X|     |B|     |X
                                     X|     |B|     |X
      X|     |B|     |X              X|     |B|     |X
      X|__P__|B|_____|X              X|__P__|B|_____|X

Note that in such a quarry though, you can fashion crude edifices 
and megalithic statues.  Doing so against a "cliff" wall spares some 
memory, as Stackables are needed to create any empty space around 
the creation, and Stackables can add up quickly and become quite 
expensive to the memory.  Here, N's are Null tiles (vacant grid 
space) used to create an edifice in combination with Stackables and 
ordinary small tiles (quarry walls are not shown in the 
representation illustrations):
 
       man                skull               sphinx
                                             (profile)
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _       _ _ _ _ _ _ _       _ _ _ _ _ _ _  
 |+|_|_|N|_|_|+|     |+|N|N|N|N|N|+|     |N| |+|+|+ + +|
 |+|N|N|N|N|N|+|     |+|N|_|N|_|N|+|     |N|N|+|+|+ + +|
 |+|+|_|N|_|+|+|     |+|N|N|N|N|N|+|     |N| |+|+|+ + +| 
 |+|+|N|N|N|+|+|     |+|+|N|N|N|+|+|     |N|N|+|+|+ + +| 
 |+|+|N|_|N|+|+|     |+|+|_|_|_|+|+|     |N|N|N|N|+ + +|

        _                                        
    O__|X|__O          |XXXXXXXXX|       |X|O              
   |XXXXXXXXX|         |X| |X| |X|       |X|X|           
      _|X|_            |XXXXXXXXX|       |X|_           
     |XXXXX|             |XXXXX|         |XXX|            
  _P_|X|_|X|___       _P_|D|D|D|___      |XXXXXXX|__P__ 

The O's are ornamental items in the man's hands and on top of the 
sphinx's head, and D's are doorways at the skull's teeth.  Here's a 
pic of the sphinx: 

2810437

The more complicated the structure, the more difficult to visualize 
and execute, especially given the restrictions of the top-down 
placement visual and the 3-level-only 3/4 view in-game.  Also, the 
tile sets can be limiting in creating imaginative yet sensible 
outdoor constructions.  The best looking options for making 
building-block statues would be Egyptian (take tile rotation into 
consideration to avoid unwanted features), or Lab for a futuristic 
sci-fi look.  While Horror has some nice stonework, you have to be 
careful of paintings and wallpaper being hung in the great outdoors 
(everything outdoors in Horror is better covered in the stone of 
tile #27, which can be expensive to the memory.)

Before you start building your outdoor level, check out the sky 
before you start placing tiles.  I had used the above sphinx in a 
map, when I later realized it would be much more impressive with the 
sun beaming over the quarry wall above it, visible from the starting 
point; I had to flip it around the other way so the sun was in the 
right position.  If you drag a select box over all the tiles in each 
level, you can reorient an entire map very quickly.  If you ever 
need to do this, be sure to save the map beforehand, because once 
when I was doing this with a very large map, the game froze.

Stackables can be used in conjunction with ordinary tiles, or with 
unmapped grid space, to create floating platforms:
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _        _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _        
 |+ + +|_ _ _|+ + +|      |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +| 
 |+ + +|     |+ + +|      |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|               
 |+ + +|_ _ _|+ + +|      |+ + +|N|N|N|+ + +|       
 |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|      |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|                  
 |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +|      |+ + +|+ + +|+ + +| 


X|      _____      |X     X|                 |X
X|                 |X     X|      _____      |X
X|      _____      |X     X|     |XXXXX|     |X
X|                 |X     X|                 |X
X|________P________|X     X|________P________|X

Using this feature in conjunction with building-block manipulation, 
you may find it fun to fashion a hovering spacecraft:

     construction view           top view        front view 
         (profile)              (ship only)      (ship only)
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _       _ _ _   _ _
 |+ + +|_|_|_|+|_|_|+ + +|     |XXXXX|_|X|_|       |XXXXX|       
 |+ + +|N|N|N|+|N|_|+ + +|     |XXXXX|XXX|_          |X|       
 |+ + +|+|+|N|N|N|+|+ + +|     |XXXXX| |X|_|                 
 |+ + +|+|+|+|+|+|+|+ + +|               
 |+ + +|+|+|+|+|+|+|+ + +|              
                                                               
                                                          
X|      _____   ___      |X    You could build diagonally too, for a
X|     |XXXXX| |X|_|     |X    simple delta wing or otherwise 
X|         |XXXXX|       |X    "pointy" type craft.  Use platforms
X|                       |X    (floors, F) as opposed to blocks to 
X|____P__________________|X    give the "wings" a sharp edge.
                       
                              _ _ _ _ _
                             |FFFFFFFFF|
                             |FFFFFFF|
          "B1" top view:     |FFFFF|      
                             |FFF|      
                             |F|   

The engine nacelles of the first ship are a Null tile plus a small 
corridor, opening to the rear. Use of internal lighting can help 
convey an engine effect.  Pulsating "UFO" lights could be put on the 
bottom too, especially on the second ship.

Constructs, or portions thereof, can be given a "paint job" by 
manipulating the light within each tile along the surface of the 
construct.  Some tile sets accept color changes better than others 
though.*  Changing much color in Egyptian, if not a universal 
change, results in the quarry walls and floor glitching out (a 
discotheque effect), but not so in Military.  Note also that when in 
the immediate vicinity, the Player and enemies turn that same color, 
since it really is "light," and not paint (which is the drawback of 
trying to paint an entire floor green for grass). 

To get black (or as close as you can get to it), position the cursor 
over any of the colors in the light color palette, and choose Edit.  
You can custom-make colors my mixing red, blue and green.  Slide the 
bottom brightness bar all the way to the left for the darkest color 
possible.  The default darkest gray (top right corner of palette) is 
not the darkest possible.  The tile will appear darker if it has no 
"light source" within it (i.e., a light bulb or a torch as part of 
the tile design).  For tall structures it is possible to hide quarry 
walls in darkness to simulate an open sky on a moonless, overcast 
night (choose Abstract sky).  Here B = Black lighting:
  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _                                   
 |     |+ + +|_|+ + +|     |     X|  B        |_|        B  |X
 |+ + +|+ + +|N|+ + +|+ + +|     X|           |X|           |X
 |     |+ + +|N|+ + +|     |     X|  B        |X|        B  |X  
 |+ + +|+ + +|N|+ + +|+ + +|     X|           |X|           |X  
 |+ + +|+ + +|N|+ + +|+ + +|     X|__B__      |X|      __B__|X  
       |+ + +|N|+ + +|           XXXXXXX|__P__|X|_____|XXXXXXX

It is also possible to make "sky-walls" through glitching, but this 
takes much memory due to the number of overlapped tiles required 
(see the Glitching section, and Further Reading).

*Noted lighting problems may be unique to the Gamecube version, as I 
haven't seen them duplicated during my limited experimentation on 
XBOX.  To correct a similar lighting problem in Horror on Gamecube, 
resetting all the lights after the map was finished, then adding the 
lighting elements as the final step eliminated any disco effects.  
Also, in one instance deleting a window that separated a white and a 
black light was seen to help in Horror (no solution has yet worked 
for me in Gamecube's Egyptian).

Doors and Teleporters
---------------------
Doors can be placed along floating Stackables, either for decorative 
use, or to serve a purpose (hiding a drop-off from an unsuspecting 
player, or to construct vertical ventilation shafts on a wall or 
chutes in the air).

Teleporters can be used to provide the illusion of added height to 
an environment, especially for indoor levels.  Use of doors or 
lighting can help facilitate this illusion, as darkness or doors can 
hide any dissimilarity between points A and B. 

Here is a small teleporter trick, with T being a single pair of 
teleporters and D's being doors on either side of each:

              Bottom floor.                    Top floor.
            Teleporter input               Teleporter output
                 _ _ _                          _ _ _ 
             P->|_DTD_|                        |_DTD_|->P

    (left door always unlocked,        (left door always locked,
      right door always locked)       right door always unlocked)

The door is "unlocked" when the Player touches the glowing 
teleporter orb.  Message actions can help with the suspension of 
disbelief in Story maps.  For instance, upon reaching the 1st 
teleporter tile, a message "Please submit to scanning" could be 
displayed, and at the 2nd teleporter tile, "Access granted" could be 
displayed.

Platforming
-----------
Add some thrills to your level by adding in some platforming 
elements.  Make some raised tiles join diagonally, so that the 
Player on top must walk diagonally across them.  At first it may 
seem impossible within some tile sets, but if the aiming reticule is 
placed precisely over the necessary crossing point, it is very 
possible, even enabling navigation between diagonally-placed death 
trap tiles.

The Player hoofing it can jump across a single grid square, but only 
if the landing spot is 3 floors down.  A vehicle can cross a 1-
square gap if the landing spot is only 1 floor down.

A 4-story drop will kill the Player.  However, you can safely take a 
6-story plunge (from a double-height stackable on 6/7) if driving a 
vehicle.  If a necessary drop is 4 floors or more, and there's no 
vehicle, well, you'll need to jump into an inertia-dampening 
teleporter.  Now THAT's a thrill.  OR, put a vehicle at the bottom 
and try to land on those soft plush seats (hit the "enter vehicle" 
button at the last second, for the regular climbing-in animation).  

Due to the limited falling distance in the grid, a pedestrian will 
not be able to jump a two-square gap in Story mode (in other modes 
it is possible, using the Speed pickup).  The military buggy (Zeep) 
can jump a 3-square gap, and the turbo buggy can jump a 4-square 
gap, provided the height is right.  The Zeep can make it across 4 
death trap tiles, though, if you nose it down and bounce over the 
last one, so maybe the buggy can do that over 5 (haven't tried).

Leaping across a death trap tile is possible.  Trying to jump one 
with a vehicle gives inconsistent results, though.  If you try to 
jump multiple rows of death tiles and the result is death as soon as 
you get the vehicle above the first death tile, remove the first 
death tile and you should be fine to make it over the rest.  You can 
also try placing the problem death trap tile lastly to correct this 
problem.

Progression puzzles based on platforming can be quite fun to design, 
and you can make some nifty puzzles by requiring use of the cat-cam 
to do stuff...

The Amazing Strudel
-------------------
Unlike the vehicles, the cat-cam can jump the Ramp items you can 
place within the tiles (as seen in the sample map Cat Racing 
Xtreme), and can go backwards up the steep slide tile.  It can go 
super fast to potentially beat a timer, provided the flooring is 
right and there are no bumps or snags (maybe you want the bumps and 
snags for a timer challenge).  

In Story and Assaults modes, Strudel counts as you during operation, 
so Location Reached logics can be activated (say you want to 
activate an out-of-reach pressure-plate).  In any mode, unlocked 
doors will be toggled by proximity (maybe an out-of-reach door needs 
to be opened so that a camera can spot you, or maybe you just need 
to get a clear shot at something that you can't hit without Strudel 
opening the door.  Make the door no-autoclose so that Strudel can 
leave and do something else -- or not!).

The cat-cam can go through a death trap tile, but getting out is a 
matter dependent upon tile set and tile arrangement.  With enough 
distance you can get up enough speed to bounce off a spike and out 
of the recessed area, but note that in Story mode, Cortez can easily 
toss the cam over to the other side of a death trap with the uplink, 
eliminating a potential quagmire.  Hitting the "operate cam" button 
while holding Strudel in mid air will both operate and launch at the 
same time (those of you who peeked at the Awards logic of Cat Racing 
Xtreme may have figured that out).  Strudel can easily navigate 
diagonally-placed death trap tiles without falling into the recessed 
area.

Strudel cannot touch enemies while under your control, and enemies 
will pay her no attention... but she can relocate moveable items 
(including other Strudels!) by pushing them, and can blow up 
explosive items by ramming them at high speed, thus destroying 
switches or killing an out-of-reach baddie. 

Strudel is not affected by gunfire, but collectible spent ammo 
(injector darts and harpoons) can be shot into her and transported 
to another location for later pick-up.

She can serve as an explosive assassin by delivering remote mines 
placed on her back (Ryan_the_gamer, 7/28/2006) but she is quite 
blast-proof.  The world will not shake in the vicinity of explosions 
while controlling her, but she *can* be toppled by the flying side 
of beef that might come from the unfortunate end of someone nearby.

Last but not least, she can be manipulated as a last or only-resort 
weapon in Story mode, by flinging her with the temporal uplink.

Altissimus Factum: the Environmental Puzzle
-------------------------------------------
Something that you might try to do in Story and Assault maps, and 
even in multiplayer maps to spice up the cat-and-mouse between live 
opponents, is to devise what I can only call an environmental puzzle 
-- an action, or series of actions, that the player must perform in 
order to progress, or in order to get the upper hand by obtaining a 
coveted but hard-to-get weapon.  Some brainwork on the part of the 
player should be required in order to figure out the puzzle, and it 
is something that can work in multiplayer because the only logic 
utilized is that which the player will hopefully use.  What's good 
about environmental puzzles is that they do *not* require game 
Logic, so they take no additional memory to set up.  Even after the 
player figures out the puzzle and the EUREKA! moment is gone 
forever, the presence of these mandatory tasks adds variety to the 
level, providing different things that the player must do.

Here is an example of a multiple-part environmental puzzle, that 
might not be easy to figure out quickly while under fire in a 
multiplayer mode, but it would be well suited for a quiet portion of 
a lengthy Story mission: Player starts on the 5th floor and has to 
jump off a cliff to the 1st floor to progress further in the level, 
so a car is needed to survive the fall.  The only car available is 
on a ledge on the 6th floor that the player cannot reach; the only 
way to get the car is to blow it off the ledge with explosives.  
Explosives are on the other side of a chasm, behind an unlocked door 
(maybe you can see them by operating a camera), so you just cannot 
suck them over with the uplink because the door is closed.  The only 
way to open the door so that you can reach the explosives with the 
uplink is to jump over the chasm with a cat and open up the door by 
proximity of the cat to the door...  So you have to do things A, B, 
and C, just to get to the 1st floor.

In modes other than Story, Powerups can be used as elements of the 
puzzle.  These contain built-in timers (they last for exactly 25 
seconds), so requiring the use of a Powerup before it wears off can 
be a good part of the puzzle (say, the player needs to do a number 
of things while powered up, or, a single thing to do like jump a gap 
with Speed is very far away from the Powerup).  Also, for non-
essential side-tasks, a limited opportunity can be given for success 
(e.g., a required weapon, like a sci-fi handgun that can ricochet 
around the corner to complete a secondary objective, has a re-spawn 
time of 0:00 and no ammo placement).  Note that anything *necessary* 
for mission completion/winning (Story/Assault) should *always* be 
accompanied with opportunity for re-trying (e.g., any necessary car-
jump to the exit should have a road leading back to the jump point 
from the "oops" zone).  A Story/Assault level that cannot be 
completed due to an "oops" is a flawed level.
 
====================================================================
           The Mysteries of Memory, Revealed (more or less)
====================================================================
Beginners and veteran mapmakers alike are often confronted by space 
limitations, as there is only so much you can do in one map.  
However, the memory bar in the top left corner of the screen is 
deceptive in its depiction of remaining memory.  Misconceptions and 
false assumptions about this bar have resulted in many a map being 
"finished" prematurely, and have even resulted in a supposed 
"Mapmaker Memory Glitch" being circulated, which has been mistakenly 
claimed to enable the placement of more tiles and items than 
normally possible.

Here is the rub of the memory bar: the one bar is used as an 
indicator of at least two separate memories, not just one.  There is 
a TILE memory, and also an ITEM memory.  The single bar only shows 
WHICH of the two memories is lowest.  For instance, if the TILE 
memory is at half, you can then add items until the ITEM memory gets 
down to half, and the single memory indicator will not move at all 
beyond the halfway mark.  Once you get lower than half of the ITEM 
memory though, the bar will start getting shorter again, because 
ITEM memory is now lower.  And vice versa.  If when the one bar is 
threateningly empty, you try to place one more tile and get a "no 
more memory" message, you still might have plenty of ITEM memory 
left.  And if you get the message when you are trying to place 
another item, you may in fact still have plenty more TILE memory 
left.

ITEM Memory
-----------
In addition to this confusion, some "items" in the item menu do not 
take memory away from the bar(s) at all; these are the various start 
points (start all, red team, blue team, blue assault, red assault).  
32 start points can be placed (any combination of all/red/blue) and 
in addition 32 assault starts can be placed (any combination of red 
and blue), independently of the TILE/ITEM memory indicator.  When 
both the TILE memory AND the ITEM memories are empty, you can still 
place a ridiculous number of start points! Separate from any start 
points, 50 "real" items can be placed to take the ITEM memory bar 
down to zero.  Any "real" item placed, be it a vehicle or a box of 
bullets, consumes 1/50 of the ITEM memory. However, placing many 
different *kinds* of items will reduce this number to 44 and will 
also eat greatly into the TILE memory... It is a complicated affair, 
but suffice it to say that you cannot ever take the single memory 
display at face value.

Although you can almost always place 50 total items (in addition to 
any start points), most individual items carry a lower cap on how 
many can be placed in a map.  Here are the item placement caps:     
                               
                                Guns: 32
                              Health: 16
                               Armor: 16
                           *Powerups: 12
                      Bags and bases: 1 bag and 1 of each base (duh)
                         Gun turrets: 8
                            Switches: 20
                            Autoguns: 8
                     Ceiling cameras: 8
              Moveable objects (any): 20
                                Cars: 4
                             RC Pets: 4
                      Each color key: 2 (total 8 keys)
                               Zones: 4
                      Features (any): (no cap, can place 50) 
                               Doors: 40
                             Windows: 30
     Collectible (from Trigger menu): 32
  
*It should be noted that Powerups will not appear if map is played 
in Story mode :(

For Story mode maps, choosing the Drop Gun option for Story AI and 
placing any keys in AI inventory will NOT detract from the ITEM 
memory; it is then recommended that for strictly Story mode levels, 
guns and keys be obtained in this manner so you can still place 50 
other items.  Note that it must literally be a "gun" for it to be 
dropped (AI will not drop grenades, mines, bats, or bricks).

TILE Memory
-----------
While each item takes the same amount of ITEM memory space (2.0%), 
tiles on the other hand consume varying amounts of the TILE memory.  
The simplest tiles you can place the most of, at a maximum of 200 
(0.50% of the TILE memory). Below is a list of the individual tiles 
and the approximate memory consumption for each (enough digits are 
shown to tell which is "bigger" in the memory).  Maximizing map 
"volume" can be accomplished by incorporating tiles of the same or 
larger volume that consume less equivalent memory.  For instance, 
substitute a #31 where possible for any #13, and you can economize 
greatly on the TILE memory. 

Corridor    

 1. Small Open....................0.50%
 2. Small Open Pillars............0.50%
 3. Small Open Alt................0.50%
 4. Small Open Alt. Pillars.......0.50%
 5. T Junction....................0.50%
 6. T Junction Pillars............0.50%
 7. Corner........................0.50%
 8. Corner Pillars................0.50%
 9. Small Corridor................0.50%
10. Double Corridor...............0.50%
11. Open Corridor.................0.64%

Large
12. Large Open....................1.55%
13. Large Open Low................1.17%
14. Large Bridge Cross............1.54%
15. Large Bridge..................1.58%
16. Large Pit.....................1.06%
17. Large Bridge Ramp.............1.58%

Small  
18. T Junction....................0.59%
19. Funnel........................0.50%
20. Small Room....................0.50%
21. Small Room Mirrored...........0.50%

Ramp
22. Ramp..........................0.50%
23. Crab Ramp.....................0.90%
24. Stair Room....................0.51%
25. Stair Room Mirrored...........0.51%
26. Large Ramp....................1.92%

Stackable
27. Small Open S..................0.50%    Stairwells must be 
28. Alt. Small Open S.............0.50%    stacked with matching 
29. Stairwell S...................0.97% <- rotation for stairs to 
30. Stairwell S Mirrored..........0.97%    appear.  Use in single as 
31. Large Open Low S..............0.85%    an economical roof to
32. Large Bridge Cross S..........1.54%    20 or 24 in outdoor areas
33. Large Bridge S................1.57%    (must be on top level)

Trench
34. Trench........................0.99%    Extremely bad choice
35. Trench Ramp...................4.76% <- when there are far   
36. Trench Corner.................1.11%    more economical options  
37. Trench Corner Ramp............1.11%    for getting out of a 
38. Trench Corner Ramp Mirrored...1.11%    trench                     
                                           
Bunker
39. Bunker Wall...................1.98%
40. Bunker Wall Gap...............1.98%
41. Bunker Wall Ramp..............1.98%
42. Bunker Corner.................2.06%
43. Bunker Corner Gap.............2.06%

Special
44. Slide*........................0.66%
45. Death Room....................0.05%

*An anomaly occurs for the Slide in that if placed individually, 
only 151 can be placed, but if an initial 10 are increasingly 
doubled by dragging a Select box and copying, 160 can be placed, 
seemingly exceeding the TILE memory; delete 9 of the 160, and they 
cannot be replaced.

If all you want to make are strictly multiplayer maps, tiles and 
items are all that need be worried about.  But if you want to create 
maps to be played in Story and Assault modes, memory issues can 
start getting complicated.
   
LOGIC Memory
------------
The basics here are that you can have up to 50 Triggers and up to 50 
Actions*, and up to 30 Logic Operations, each one (Trigger, Action, 
and the linking Logic Operation) taking away from the single memory 
bar, and each type taking up varying amounts of memory, much like 
the tiles.  However, Logic in relation to the memory indicator is at 
this point quite baffling to me.  If the memory is entirely consumed 
by LOGIC before placing the first tile, you will not be able to 
place a tile; if you delete just enough logic to place some tiles, 
you can only add so many items (or so many story AI or start 
points); so it appears that LOGIC takes away from both TILE and ITEM 
memories, and from the "others" too.  Yet if you more realistically 
max your TILE and ITEM memories first before constructing your 
LOGIC, you can still create what should be an adequate amount of 
Triggers, Actions, and Logic Operations.  

If you are trying to create LOGIC and you get the "no more memory" 
message, you may sacrifice tiles and items for more LOGIC memory, 
quite unlike the situation for tiles vs. items.  However, note that 
when the LOGIC memory is full, not all LOGIC options will return the 
"no more memory" message but will instead freeze the game (e.g., 
trying to add a Reset Action will do this).  

(Further testing needed.  Reader contribution extremely welcome in 
explaining LOGIC relationships to memory in more detail.)

*According to a pop-up message within the Mapmaker, you can only 
have 30 of either, but this erroneous message only comes upon trying 
to make the 51st Trigger or Action.  

Story AI Memory
-----------------------
50 story AI can be placed, on top of a full TILE memory and on top 
of a full ITEM memory, but if the AI are the important thing for the 
map, you may want to *not* have tile and item placements maxed out.  
When memories are full, the risk of game freeze is high with large 
numbers of AI, and use of the zoom function in the editor will 
almost guarantee a freeze on Gamecube if tiles, items, and AI are 
all at maximum.

(Further testing needed; reader contribution extremely welcome, 
especially for consoles other than Gamecube.)


====================================================================
                             Tile Sets
====================================================================
Each wall-free edge of every tile actually has its own wall, which 
will be erected by the computer if there is empty space beside it, 
or if that edge butts up against the permanent wall of another tile. 
Some of these temporary walls you may never see, depending on how 
you happen to place the tile in relation to other tiles.  Below are 
some features of note found in each tile, including these temporary 
walls.  (Please reference the Memory section for the full tile name; 
tile numbers are used here for brevity and consolidation of like 
features.)  If you want to implement the noted feature (or for that 
matter exclude an unwanted temporary feature), preview the tile as a 
stand-alone, so as to figure out how to keep (or exclude) any 
temporary feature. 

Why is this important information to include here?  Aside from the 
obvious use of providing varied visuals, any "set-piece" can be used 
to construct solvable riddles or to advance plot points in Story 
mode levels, by creating objectives and employing Logics which are a 
little slyer that "destroy this" or "activate that."  For example:

Simple Objective: Find the map and see where Khallos plans to use  
                  his weapons of mass destruction. 
    Simple Logic: Location 1 Reached (in front of the map on the
                  wall) = Message Displayed, "Found the map!"  

That would be the very simplest of uses for set-piece features; uses 
can get much more complicated depending on your imagination.   
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                              MILITARY
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Default tile set. Many signs and painted numbers.   

Corridor                                                           
1,2.........9
3,4.........(blocks)
5,6.........15 
7,8.........2 
9...........10 
10..........1, windows, on/off switch
11..........windows, Zone A1, on/off switch, no trespassing signs
  Notes: With proper tile rotation/linkage, tiles 10 or 11 can be    
  used as the outside of a nice building rather than as the inside,    
  due to the windows.  Using 10 results in surrounding walls though.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Large
12..........12 
13..........13
14..........14, map (off center), high voltage x2, level 6 clearance
15..........map, high voltage box
16..........acid warnings
17..........map, high voltage box
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Small     
18..........level 6 clearance, security 3 x2
19..........19, 2, security 3
20..........security 3, high voltage box x3, floor drains
21..........same as 20 but with backwards writing (hmm... backwards
            writing...there's a story there, something involving a 
            dimensional travel mishap, perhaps?)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Ramp
22..........3 
23..........20, level 6 clearance
24..........Danger
25..........Danger backwards
26..........12
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Stackable
27..........9
28..........(blocks)
29-31.......N/A
32..........14, map (off center), high voltage x2, level 6 clearance
33..........map, high voltage box
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Trench (has warheads and ?turbines?)
34,35.......26
36-38.......8
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Bunker
39-41.......12
42..........21, caution
43..........caution
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Special
44..........16
45..........mines with warning
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                LAB
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Not much different in here.  If you want a tile set to get a Player 
lost, this is it.  A few monitors hanging here and there, but other 
than the pit room, it all looks basically the same.  Use to build 
spaceship or space station levels (Blue DonkeyKong, 6/30/06). I hear 
some pipes release steam when you shoot them...
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                              EGYPTIAN 
--------------------------------------------------------------------
"gods?" painting too numerous to mention.  Egyptian is the only tile 
set that will allow a Speed Pickup pedestrian jump of a 2-square gap 
within the safe 3-floor falling distance (in other tiles sets, the 
2-square gap jump is only possible if a vehicle is parked close 
enough to enter, on the edge of the 3rd floor down).

Corridor                                                           
1,2.........queenless king facing left, 2-strip scene
3,4.........smallish blocks on 1 wall
5-8.........N/A 
9...........vertical tablet, "gods?" squished
10..........N/A
11..........lovers, 2-strip scene (also a good example of "gods?")
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Large
12..........dog 
13..........boat
14..........dog
15..........square tablet recessed
16..........spikes
17..........square tablet recessed
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Small     
18..........1 torch, juxtaposed vertical tablets, bas relief x2
19..........mirrored "gods?" facing 2 torches
20..........queenless king facing right
21..........queenless king facing left
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Ramp
22..........2-strip scene 
23..........bas relief overhanging, lovers up high
24,25.......3 torches
26..........2-strip scene and dog up high, white god alone
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Stackable
27..........N/A
28..........smallish blocks on 1 wall (good for crude statues)
29,30.......N/A
31..........queenless king facing right, harpist
32..........dog
33..........square tablet recessed
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Trench
34,35.......N/A
36-38.......winged scarab
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Bunker
39-43.......harpist, lovers, 3 figures with pets
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Special
44..........N/A
45..........bloody spikes
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                HORROR
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Paintings = girl, boy, sis, bro, mom, pop, granny, family, bowler, 
coat; multiples listed within parentheses.

Corridor                                                           
1,2.........all stone
2,3.........half stone, half interior 
5,6.........all interior, floor door
7,8.........girl 
9...........all interior 
10..........bookcase w/brain, bloody prints, (pop, family, bowler)
11..........girl, (sis, mom, boy) 
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Large
12..........(granny, pop, sis), (coat, bowler, boy), bookcase w/
            eyes, large bookcase, small bookcase
13..........fireplace w/cow skull, chains, floor pentagram, family, 
            mom, bro(floor)
14..........bloody prints climbing wall, chains
15..........family, (mom, bro)
16..........wall pentagram
17..........family, (mom, bro)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Small     
18..........fireplace w/altar, swords/shield x2, bloody prints
19..........figurines (1 broken), pentacle book on stand
20,21.......chains, skull, floor door
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Ramp
22..........cellar doors
23..........swords/shield
24,25.......cow skull
26..........big cat rug, swords/shield, swords/pentacle shield, 
           (boy, bro, coat), family, (sis, mom, granny)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Stackable
27..........all stone
28..........half stone, half interior
29,30.......stone, wood ramps
31..........all interior; 2 differing skulls, 3 femur bones
32..........bloody prints climbing wall, chains
33..........family, (mom, bro)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Trench
34..........casket, skull, bone
35..........casket, skull (bone is under ramp; entering under ramp 
            makes the ramp an invisible wall from that direction)
36..........skull w/bone, casket
37,38.......skull w/bone (casket is under ramp; entering under ramp 
            creates one-way travel through invisible wall)      
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Bunker
39-41.......mom, family, bro
42,43.......pop, granny, coat, boy, sis, bowler, cow skull
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 
Special
44..........bloody prints
45..........origin of bloody prints!
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                                VIRTUAL
--------------------------------------------------------------------
...uh, no features, at all.  Good for simulating MGS VR missions for 
attempted stealth play involving patrolling guards.  But where's 
Captain Snow to play my Genome Soldier?

Virtual creates invisible wall effects in Trenches, same as Horror.  
Another similarity between these two tile sets is a double barrel 
for the exotic turret gun item.

*** Open request for any known special features, unique to a 
particular tile set, that would alter gameplay by choice of the tile 
set.  Like in TS2 a certain tile in one set might have a ledge you 
could walk on that wasn't there when you changed tile sets, or like 
the steam pipes in Lab here.  Know any? ***


====================================================================
                              Story AI
====================================================================
The Story AI are highly perceptive, in that they don't need to spot 
the Player, or see another enemy attacked, in order to start 
seeking/attacking the Player.  All they need to do is see some other 
enemy reacting, and they will join the attack.  This makes the 
direction they face, and their placement in relation to one other 
very important things to consider.  If they are placed facing the 
same direction and in one long row, only a single AI on the very end 
needs to spot the Player and all in the row will react with equal 
timing.  That's some mighty good peripheral vision and reflexes.  
Spreading them out and facing them in different directions will 
correct this "group consciousness" effect.

Though somewhat "smarter" in this respect than previous TS AI, an 
unarmed Story AI is unable to pick up weapons that might be lying 
around, and will remain unarmed until dead.

The "ancestral memory" glitch from TS2 has been fixed, so that Spawn 
and Wait enemies won't come gunning for you when their forefathers 
die.

In TS:FP you can place 50 baddies... with some restrictions.  You 
can only have 19 of these 50 materialized in the map at 1 time (all 
consoles), so don't plan on having all 50 spawned at Game Start.  
One of the 1st 19 spawned will have to lose all of the lives 
assigned to it before the 20th AI will spawn on the map. In maps 
with large numbers of AI, this mechanic can be used as a memory-
saving substitute for Logic, in that the final death of someone 
among 1-19 will automatically "Spawn New" a #20 (a boss or sub-boss 
perhaps).  Someone else 1-19 dies finally, and #21 then arrives... 
etc. etc.

There is one simple condition that must be met within the 
construction of the surrounding environment, or the Story AI will 
not behave properly.  This is that there must be NO barriers 
(windows, gaps, death traps, ramps, whatever) that keep the AI from 
doing the Player harm.  If there is an AI separated from the Player 
by some barrier, they must have a gun to shoot with; if they don't, 
then they will soon freeze, and even when the barrier is 
subsequently eliminated (say, Player hops down to them from a higher 
level), the AI will stand there like an idiot and do nothing but 
point their gun hand.  If there are multiple AI, you can get some of 
the others to act normally again by attacking or killing one of 
them, but results vary. 

Placement of Feature items near hallway entrances, corners, or other 
bottle-neck areas in the map -- Features which the Player can easily 
walk around --  will impede the progress of Story AI, and become an 
impassable barrier for them.  Rotation of the item may or may not 
allow a "doorway" for the AI to pass.

This "bafflement" of the Story AI caused by obstacles *can* be used 
to a certain advantage once you are aware of it.  While any non-
navigable obstacle will make the AI "turn stupid" when encountered 
(i.e., they stop the chase, suddenly can't aim for nothing if they 
even fire at all, and usually just watch you helplessly until you 
plug them in the face), you can exploit this behavior if you *want* 
them to turn stupid temporarily... You can make a Safe Room or Panic 
Room to intentionally "bring the stupid". Just put a barricade or 
other obstacle to the AI in front of a single-block wide dead-end. 
You can walk past the obstacle into the dead end (rotation of the 
obstacle may matter, depending upon the tile set), but all the AI 
currently hunting you will "turn stupid" as soon as you pass the 
obstacle. To prevent abuse of such a safe room, you could make it 
accessible only once through Logic use or some other means (Panic 
Room reached = Panic Counter increases by 1 and reset Panic Room 
reached; Panic Counter reaches 2 = mission failure). Also, with some 
thought, a mechanism for it could be contrived into the story (a 
message displayed saying "Allied forces have fired the Confusion Ray 
from orbit," maybe "EMP discharged" for pursuing robot AI).  Having 
a safe room can provide an emergency "out" during a frantic and 
overwhelming story situation (say, 19 AI are bearing down on you 
fast with homing missiles). 

Ramp items, which are used to create one-way travel through a 
hallway, will snag the AI if the Player is watching.  Though they 
will try forever, they cannot go over the top while being watched; 
but they will instantly go over as soon as the Player looks the 
other way.

In this guide, individual characters are placed into Classes based 
on general behavior and attributes.  So that there will be no 
confusion between Classes and Bot Sets, I'll call the Classes 
Normal, Zombie, and Robot.

AI Classes
====================================================================

Normal Class
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Your basic AI, which spawns standing up and on watch, regardless of 
Bot Set.  Mannerisms and mobility are always "human," although 
aliens, cyborgs, and fantasy creatures abound.  

When armed and aware of the Player, Normals will travel normally, 
and will dance around trying to get a good shot at the Player while 
trying to make themselves a difficult target.  However, unarmed or 
bat-wielding Normals (essentially unarmed) can only travel in 
straight lines directly East-West, North-South, NW-SE, and NE-SW 
(like this):                 \ | / 
                              \|/
                           <---X--->
                              /|\
                             / | \
so they often take what looks like a long way around in order to get 
to the Player.  When unarmed and in large numbers, each Normal will 
take the "nearest" route, running in formation and executing 
precision turning that not only looks pathetically hokey, but can 
cause them all to get hung up on one another when converging from 
different directions.

An unarmed or bat-wielding Normal behind a barrier will run a ten-
mile course to get at the Player, provided that such a course 
exists.  If there is no route to reach the Player to facilitate 
physical contact, they will soon blow a gasket and freeze, without 
approaching the barrier.

Normals utilize many weapons in a ridiculous rapid fire (grenades, 
mines, bricks, flares, harpoons...)

With health at the default setting, Normals die with one head shot.  

Most Normals die instantly from flamethrower flame, with a few 
exceptions noted in the Character table. 

A Normal that is armed (bat doesn't count) will run to and man a 
nearby turret gun item, or will take a defensive position behind the 
Large Generic feature item in Military (sandbags).

Normals will dive to avoid grenades.  If remote mines are placed on 
the front of a Normal, perpetual diving and somersaulting begins.  


The next two classes are somewhat schizophrenic, in that they behave 
like Normals (human mannerisms and mobility) if they think no one is 
watching.  

Zombie Class
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Bot Set chosen will affect the spawning behavior of the Zombie Class 
AI.  In any of the pre-set Bot selections, anything other than Spawn 
and Attack Zombies start out lying on the ground and will not awaken 
to spot the Player until approached.  If you place a Zombie Class 
character in your Mapmaker Custom Bot Set, however, the Zombie 
character will start out standing up and on watch (patrol possible 
when acting "human"), and for a split second after they spot the 
Player will act exactly like a Normal character until the 
characteristic shambling Zombie behavior kicks in.  Note that a 
character does not have to look like a reanimated human corpse to be 
in this Class.

When armed with a firing weapon, Zombies will continually advance in 
a B-line towards the Player, whilst firing.  If there is a barrier 
in the way, they will fire but not advance.  If a way exists around 
the barrier, the firing Zombie will take that route to get to the 
Player once the Player is no longer within their direct line of 
sight. 

When unarmed (or with bat), Zombies will not follow the N/S/E/W rule 
of unarmed/batter Normals, but will still realistically shamble in a 
B-line for the Player, even in the presence of a separating barrier.  
They will advance towards the barrier but stop upon reaching it, as 
long as the Player keeps an eye on them.  BUT... when the Player's 
back is turned, the unarmed/batter Zombie will "phase" through the 
barrier.  This phasing behavior of unarmed/batter Zombies happens 
whether they are trapped or not at all trapped; they will walk 
across gaps, through death tiles, windows, and ramp items, and even 
float up to a higher level, as long as the away-facing Player 
remains in their line of sight.  If the Player faces them and waits 
for them to reach the barrier, the trapped ones will freeze, sooner 
or later.  However, killing another AI may unfreeze them and they 
could again potentially pull a Kitty Pryde.  Although Normals are 
also known to mysteriously cross barriers when trapped, it is 
nowhere near as bad as in Zombies, because the unarmed/batter 
Zombies do it 100% of the time, if so allowed.

Zombies (armed or not) will take an available ten-mile course around 
a barrier to get to the Player, but if the Player is within their 
direct line of sight, the armed Zombie will stop to fire (similar to 
an armed Normal), and the unarmed/batter Zombie will abandon the 
ten-mile course to B-line towards their quarry.  If the Player 
removes himself from their line of sight, they will resume the ten-
mile course (assuming the unarmed/batter Zombie was not given a 
chance to phase).

Zombies fire weapons at a slower rate than Normals (no ridiculous 
rapid fire here), and though they appear to be rather clumsy about 
it, can still hit their target.

Head shots kill Zombies like Normals, but beheadings make them more 
vulnerable; i.e. the ones that can be beheaded can die with a 
beheading head shot from an ElectroTool, whereas Normals will not 
die with a headshot from that weapon.  Even with health set to Tough 
Guy, you can get an instant kill with a beheading.  The unarmed 
Player cannot execute an instant beheading with the fists (default 
AI health setting). 

Zombies catch fire and burn a while before dying (one exception in 
Crispin).

Zombies will not use a turret gun item or Military sandbags under 
any circumstances.

Zombies will not dive to avoid grenades and mines, but the initial 
release will startle them if they are caught unawares and in their 
"human" state.  Any time a mine is placed on the front of a Zombie, 
they break character and panic for a moment (pretty funny).  

Robot Class
--------------------------------------------------------------------
When unaware of the Player, Robots exhibit human mannerisms and 
mobility.  When aware of the Player (and armed), they will plod 
slowly along like... a robot.  If unarmed however, they continue to 
act like a Normal, and start running towards the Player as though 
human, conforming to the N/S/E/W rule.  If armed with a bat, they 
think the bat is a gun, so they try to fire it, plodding slowly 
along to keep the Player near and in their sights, B-lining unless 
they have to turn with the map.  They won't swing the bat, so are 
harmless.

Robots will not advance on the Player if the Player's back is turned 
(unless they are unarmed and running), so there is no Zombie-like 
phasing through barriers if the Player is within their line of 
sight.  If they are trapped, they do not advance, armed or not.  If 
there is a ten-mile course to reach the Player, the armed Robot will 
start the plodding trek as soon as the Player leaves their direct 
line of sight (unarmed ones take it immediately at a Normal's trot.)

Robots, like Normals, utilize many weapons in a ridiculous rapid 
fire (grenades, mines, bricks, flares, harpoons...)

With health at the default setting, Robots die with 2 head shots.  

Robots are impervious to flamethrower flame.

The main mode of the ElectroTool will not hurt them, but if they are 
armed, the shock will paralyze them for a brief second or two.  If 
they are unarmed, there will be no paralysis effect to slow down 
their chase.  If they are trapped, there will be no paralysis effect 
to slow their firing rate.  If they are in extreme close proximity 
with another AI there will also be no paralysis effect.

Like Zombies, Robots will not use a turret gun item or Military 
sandbags under any circumstances.
 
Robots will completely ignore both grenades and mines, even mines 
placed on their face (the 1st release of a nearby grenade/mine will 
startle them during their split second of human behavior.)


Individual Characters: Class, Availability, and Special Notes
------------------------------------------------------------------
Most of the 150 characters you can already use somehow from the 
outset, as even if they are locked (*), some may appear in the pre-
set Bot selections; conditions of unlocking each character are 
conveniently displayed within the gallery, in-game.  Names of the 
locked are not displayed in the gallery, but you can use the lists 
below as a reference (the Abilities/Punishment Table for multiplayer 
use farther down is better suited for any needed cross-referencing 
to the gallery).

For a Bot Set, Mapmaker Custom is obviously the best choice for your 
own mix-and-match opposition, but remember that Zombies will not 
spawn in their natural sleeping state. 

The character stats visible when selecting your avatar for 
multiplayer action (speed, fire proof, etc; see the 
Abilities/Punishment Table below), are not applicable to Story AI 
but there instead seems to be a whole new hidden set of stats for 
Story.  For instance, in multiplayer, most Zombies are supposedly 
weak against fire and strong against shock, but in Story they are 
clearly the most resilient against fire, 2nd to Robots, and seem to 
react to ElectroTool shocks no differently than most Normals 
(beheadings not withstanding).  Also, note that while Stone Golem 
has equal fire proof and shock proof rankings in multiplayer, in 
Story he is impervious to flame but can be killed easily enough with 
the ElectroTool; in Story the Freak and Berserker Splitter have fire 
resistance that belies their stats; Jo-Barf Creepy can't possibly be 
among the fleetest of foot when she shambles like a Zombie.  Many 
other examples can be spotted, but in short, don't pay the stats any 
attention for use in Story. 

Certain Story AI have rare or unique attributes, often contrary to 
class; these are listed in the following table under SPECIAL.  
Attributes common to the Class grouping of a particular character 
are not shown (e.g., the Fire Proof-ness of all Robots is not listed 
in the table).

.------------------------------------------------------------------.
|               Story AI Character Table Abbreviations             |
|------------------------------------------------------------------|
|     Class:                                                       |
|        R = Robot                                                 |
|        Z = Zombie                                                |
|       NA = Not Available as Story AI due to programming error    |
|            (Anyone without an R, Z or NA is a Normal)            |
|                                                                  |
|   SPECIAL:                                                       |
|       FP = Fire Proof (a non-Robot Character that is             |
|            invulnerable to direct flame attack)                  |
|       FR = Fire Resistant (a non-Zombie Character that is        |
|            resistant to direct flame attack (burns a while       |
|            before dying)                                         |
|      nAA = No Auto-Aim on character (no red crosshairs)          |
|      nBH = No Beheading (a Zombie Class Character that cannot    |
|            be beheaded)                                          |
|      nHS = No Head Shots (any Character without the usual        |
|            noggin vulnerability)                                 |
|       SW = Special Weapon; see notes for details                 |
|      !!! = Character possesses additional specials or a unique   |
|            attribute; see notes for details                      |
|                                                                  |
|   Bot Sets:  * = Must be unlocked for use in Mapmaker Custom     |
|                                                                  |
|                Mapmaker = M          Undead = U                  |
|                Assorted = A           Cyber = Cy                 |
|           Femme Fatales = FF         Freaks = F                  |
|               Sidekicks = S       Creatures = Cr                 |
|              Henchmania = H         Baldies = B                  | 
|                                                                  |
'------------------------------------------------------------------'

                                      Available in Bot Set
                                  .-------------------------. Online
Character         Class SPECIAL   |MC M A FF S H U Cy F Cr B|  pic
==================================|=========================|=======
Cortez--------------------nAA-----|-------------------------|
Henchman Cortez-----------nAA-----|-*-----------------------|
Dr. Cortez----------------nAA-----|-*----------------------B|
Time Assassin Cortez------nAA-----|-*-----------------------|3945924
Captain Ash---------------nAA-----|----------S--------------|
Harry Tipper--------------nAA-----|-----A----S--------------|
Swinging Tipper-----------nAA-----|-*--------S--------------|
Jo-Beth Casey-------------nAA-----|-------FF-S--------------|
Amy Chen------------------nAA-----|-----A-FF-S--------------|
Dr. Amy-------------------nAA-----|-*-----------------------|
R-110-----------------R---nAA-----|-----A----S-----Cy-------|
Victorian Crow------------FP------|-*-----------------------|
Karma Crow------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Jacob Crow----------------FP------|-*-----------------------|
Mad Old Crow--------------FP------|-*-----------------------|
Anya------------------------------|-*-----FF-S--------------|
Captain Fitzgerald---NA-----------|-------------------------|
Nobby Peters----------------------|-*-----------------------|
Sapper Johnson-------NA-----------|-*----------------------B|
Tommy Jenkins--------NA-----------|-*-----------------------|
Ivor Baddic-----------------------|-------------------------|
Pulov Yuran----------NA-----------|-*-----------------------|
Comrade Papadov------NA-----------|-*-----------------------|
Warrant Officer Cain--------------|-*---A----------------Bx2|
Warrant Officer Keely-------------|-*-----------------------|
Deep Diver----------------!!!-----|-*-----------------------|3945941
Jungle Queen--------------nAA-----|-*--------S--------------|3945946
Robot Louis Stevenson-R---nHS-SW--|-*--------------Cy-------|3945955
John Smith------------------------|-------------------------|
Jim Smith------------NA-----------|-*-----------------------|
Fergal Stack----------------------|-*----------H------------|
Khallos---------------------------|------------------------B|
Booty Guard-----------------------|-*-----------------------|
Kitten Celeste------------nAA-----|-*-----FF-S--------------|
Henchwoman------------------------|------------H------------|
Elite Henchwoman------------------|-*----------H------------|
Henchman--------------------------|------------H------------|
Elite Henchman--------------------|-*----------H------------|
Vlad the Installer----------------|-*-----------------------|
Leonid----------------------------|-*----------H------------|
Oleg------------------------------|-*----------H------------|
Dr. Peabody---------------nAA-----|-*-----------------------|
Nurse Gulag---------------nAA-----|-------------------------|
The Deerhaunter-------------------|-------------------F-----|
Carrion Carcass-------Z---nHS-----|-*------------U----F-----|
Headsprouter----------Z---nBH-----|---M---------------F-----|
Mr. Fleshcage---------Z---nBH-----|-*------------U----------|
Clip Clamp------------Z-----------|---M---------------------|
Crispin---------------Z---nBH-FP--|-------------------------|
Gideon Gout-----------Z-----------|-*-----------------------|
Daisy Dismay----------Z-----------|-*------------U----------|
Jed-------------------Z-----------|-*-----------------------|
Arthur Aching---------Z-----------|-*-----------------------|
Gilbert Gastric-------Z-----------|-*------------U---------B|
Jo-Barf Creepy--------Z-----------|-*------------U----F-----|
Gladstone-------------Z-----------|--------------U----------|
Blanche Deadwood------Z-----------|--------------U----------|
Gaston Boucher--------Z-----------|-*-----------------------|
Dr. Lancet----------------nAA-----|-*---A-------------------|
Dr. Pustule-----------Z-----------|--------------U----------|
Nurse Tourniquet------------------|-------------------------|
Nurse Sputum----------Z---nBH-----|-*------------U----------|
Lenny Oldburn---------------------|-----A-------------------|
Edwina----------------------------|-------------------------|
Deadwina-------------NA-----------|-*-----------------------|
Brother Bartholomew-------nAA-----|------------------------B|
Sister Faith--------------nAA-----|-*-----------------------|
Envirosuit------------------------|---M---------------------|
Neophyte Lucian-------------------|-*----------H------------|
Neophyte Constance--------nAA-----|-*----------H------------|
Security--------------------------|---M---------------------|
Jack Sprocket---------------------|-*----------H------------|
Inceptor--------------------------|-*----------------------B|
Inceptress------------------------|------------------------B|
The Freak-----------------FR------|-------------------F-----|
Tin-Legs Tommy--------------------|-*-----------------------|
SecuriDroid XP--------R-----------|-------------------------|
The General-----------------------|-*-----------------------|
Private Hicks---------------------|---M-A----S--------------|
Private Jones---------------------|-*-----------------------|
Lazarus Mumble------------nAA-----|-------------------------|
Mordecai Jones------------nAA-----|-*----------------------B|
Ghengis Kant--------------nAA-----|-*---A-------------------|
Angel Forge---------------nAA-----|-------FF----------------|
Prison Officer--------------------|-*--------------Cy-------|
Lt. Black-------------------------|-----A-------------------|
INSETICK SD/12--------R-----------|---M------------Cy-------|
INSETICK SD/10--------R-----------|-*--------------Cy-------|
PROMETHEUS SD/7-------R-----------|---M---------------------|
PROMETHEUS SK/8-------R-----------|-*--------------Cy-------|
GOLIATH SD/9----------R---nHS-----|-*--------------Cy-------|
Med-Unit 6------------R---nHS-----|----------------Cy-------|
Time Assassin---------------------|-*-----------------------|
Berserker Splitter--------FR-SW-!-|-*-----------------F-----|3945968
Monkey----------------------------|---M-A---------------Cr--|
Cyborg Chimp----------R-----------|---------------------Cr--|
Brains----------------Z-----------|-*------------U----F-Cr--|
Ninja Monkey----------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Renzo-----------------------------|-------------------------|
Goddard---------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Schmidt---------------------------|---M---------------------|
Jacque de la Morte----------------|-*-----------------------|
Viola-----------------------------|-*-----FF----------------|
Mr. Underwood---------------------|-*-----------------------|
Sewer Zombie----------Z---nBH-----|-*-----------------------|
Undead Priest---------Z---nBH-----|-------------------------|
Crypt Zombie----------Z---nBH-----|-------------------------|
Maiden----------------------------|-------FF----------------|
Changeling------------------------|-*-----------------------|
The Cropolite---------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Jared Slim------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Venus-----------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Chastity--------------------------|-------FF----------------|
Ghost-----------------------------|-------------------------|
The Master------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Riot Officer----------------------|---M---------------------|
Mischief--------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Mr. Giggles-----------------------|-------------------------|
Leo Krupps------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Stumpy----------------------------|-*-----------------------|3945976
Bear------------------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Kypriss---------------------------|-------------------------|
Stone Golem---------------FP------|-------------------------|
Aztec Warrior---------------------|-*-----------------------|
High Priest-----------------------|-------------------------|
Dinosaur--------------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Braces----------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Handyman--------------------------|-------------------F-----|
Candi Skyler----------------------|-*-----------------------|
R One-Oh-Seven--------------------|----------------Cy-------|
Calamari--------------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Corporal Hart---------------------|-*-----FF----------------|
Badass Cyborg---------------------|-*-----------------F-----|
Snowman---------------------------|-*-------------------Cr--|
Robofish--------------R-----------|----------------Cy-------|
Chinese Chef----------------------|-*-----------------------|
Gingerbread Man-------------------|-------------------F-----|
Duckman Drake---------------------|---------------------Cr--|
Koozer Mox------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Teeth Mummy-----------Z---nBH-----|-------------------------|
Captain Ed Shivers----------------|-*-----------------------|3945991
Gretel----------------R-----------|-------FF----------------|
Arial DaVinci---------------------|-------------------------|
Dozer-----------------------------|-*-----------------------|3945980
Sheriff Skullface-----------------|-------------------------|3946019
The Shoal-------------------------|-------------------------|
Hans------------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Mr. Socky-------------------------|-*-----------------------|
Lt. Christine Malone--------------|-------------------------|3946003
Eli Scrubs------------------------|-------------------------|

The 7 characters with Class of "NA" can be selected as the player 
character in multiplayer modes with no problem, and they will play 
as bots in arcade maps with no problem, but to use them as bots in 
mapmaker multiplayer they must first be placed in the Mapmaker 
Custom bot set. Even then, they are not available for use as Story 
AI, ever: 
Nobby Peters serves as a stand-in for 
  Captain Fitzgerald 
  Sapper Johnson            
  Tommy Jenkins   
Ivor Baddic is the stand-in for
  Pulov Yuran              
  Comrade Papadov
John Smith stands in for Jim Smith
Edwina stands in for Deadwina

The Story AI of Normal Class noted as Fire-Proof (FP) will stagger 
when contacting flame on others; if health is set to Weakling, 
second-hand flame seems to kill these Normals eventually. The Fire-
Resistant Zombie Nurse Sputum will lose her flame very soon, but 
dies afterwards at the normal FR dying time.  The Fire-Proof Robots 
Cyborg Chimp and Gretel have flammable fur and clothes 
(...respectively).

SW and ! : Character Notes
----------------------------
Deep Diver: Deep Diver's helmet is a little fogged up.  He can't see 
anything at all unless it's within 2 squares of him (1 diagonally), 
and of course he has no peripheral vision.  When he sees other AI 
attacking you, he will run past them so that you are within 2 
squares so he can attack too.  If you move out of his vision range, 
he will then stand still, until he sees another attacking AI that is 
close enough to him to be seen (oddly enough, if he is unarmed or 
equipped with a bat, his vision improves greatly).  DD holds all 
weapons like a shotgun (he only has one firing animation), so any 2x 
weapon will not aim correctly and he misses with both guns.  One of 
the many line-of-sight glitches in the game causes his aiming 
problem to be rectified as soon as you turn your back on him; as 
soon as you show your back, he can aim just fine with his 2x guns 
...the coward. DD is the only Normal Class character who does not 
use grenades (etc.) in rapid-fire.

Robot Louis Stevenson: No head shots, plus onboard machinegun 
overrides Unarmed.  If hit with a Player's surprise bullet from up 
high, RLS will freeze; though machinegun will fire slowly, bullets 
will not connect.  

Berserker Splitter: Fire resistant, plus natural cloak, plus homing 
lightning overrides assigned weapon, once the AI becomes aware of 
the Player.  Depending on the Drop Gun option selected, the Splitter 
will drop the gun or the gun will disappear upon awareness.  Can be 
forced to keep the assigned weapon if the Player hits them with a 
surprise bullet from a higher level (they will stand frozen in place 
and fire their assigned weapon).  Also they may become thus frozen 
if the Player on a higher level "teases" their awareness by 
crouching, standing, then crouching again quickly, or using certain 
weapons to provoke their "search" mode. Killing a frozen one will 
unfreeze any others.

*** Open request to compile here a list of individual character 
special attributes in Story mode.  Know any? ***


Some Notes on Weapons Use, in regards to Story AI and Story Maps
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Drop Gun means Gun only (not grenades, mines, etc.)

Standard enemy-recognition range for an AI is 3 grid-squares (2 
diagonally; they can see farther than that once aware, but everyone 
starts out daydreaming).  Giving an AI a sniper rifle gives them 
"scope eyes" with the ability to see across the entire map, and to 
recognize you as an enemy instantly, with no daydreaming.  

When the Player fires a flare or throws grenades or mines, AI out of 
visual range (as opposed to enemy-recognition range) will hear and 
investigate.  (Hearing ranges not yet tested.)  If the AI uses these 
weapons against the Player, the noises fall on deaf ears (nearby 
unaware AI will not notice). 

Glass broken by AI in a firefight will alert other AI too distant to 
see the Player; however, distant AI will not "see" glass broken by 
the Player.  (AI facing away seem not to "hear," so I assume it is 
"see.")

AI with plasma grenades will throw them sky high if the Player is 
outside a certain range; if you try to catch them there is no damage 
inflicted.

The Ghost Gun is harmless in Story (to Player and AI both), so you 
can give it to AI which are intended to be harmless, whom you do not 
want to freeze.  It is also good for spotting invisible Berserker 
Splitters whom you can then promptly pistol whip.  It can also push 
things for use in environmental puzzles.  Be aware that while 
harmless, the Ghost Gun can injure indirectly by blowing up 
exploding objects.

Other weapons that have lost full functionality in Story mode are 
the Injector (darts cause no bloat/explosion), K-SMG (no rockets 
available), and the Mag-charger (No pierce-vision.)  The Mag-charger 
does work, you just can't see what you are doing in pierce mode; any 
search for story AI behind walls must be done with the red aiming 
reticule alone.  Also note that the Heatseeking Rockets that come 
from both Gun Turrets and Autoguns will not seek heat (and neither 
will they in multiplayer).

Story AI will never run out of ammo (while multiplayer bots do).

Autoguns will not automatically aim/fire at Story AI. Autoguns only 
aim/fire at the live Story mode player. 

When using a car for vehicular bot-slaughter, the vehicle does not 
necessarily need to be in motion; tapping the gas on a stuck vehicle 
is just as deadly.  It's even deadly with the ignition off; just use 
a Ghost Gun to slowly push it against the AI for a kill.

*** Know anything more? ***

====================================================================
       Map Considerations for Story AI and Multiplayer Bots
====================================================================
"Got no mates? Play against Bots!" Easier said than done, especially 
in mapmaker maps. In order to make multiplayer maps that play well 
against bots, you need to know some things about bot behavior; and 
while bots share some characteristics with Story AI, they are really 
an entirely different animal. Here are some things I have learned 
about both. 
 
Building "Bot-Friendly" Maps
---------------------------- 
Bots often get stuck in maps, and they do so for different reasons. 
In many cases you can watch them and see where they get stuck, then 
play around with modifying the area a bit until they don't get stuck 
anymore. If they are running against a wall for no apparent reason, 
or circling in one area of the floor, build them a hallway or drop-
shaft and let them go where they want to go. Let the bots help you 
with the feng shui! In the worst cases, bots that want to go 
somewhere that they can't *will* make a map freeze. If you are 
having freezing problems with a map, you need to be a gumshoe and 
watch your bots carefully; often you can catch them in the act of 
making your map freeze. 
 
You may have heard that to ensure bots don't get stuck on doors 
somewhere in your map, that you should set all doors to no 
autoclose. This may only help in cases when the player can see the 
door, as there is another line-of-sight glitch at work here (AI and 
bots do/don't do certain things, depending on whether or not you are 
looking their way at the time). Bots can still get stuck on a door 
that is standing wide open, when the door is far away and not within 
your line of sight. You can pinpoint these problem areas by putting 
up controllable cameras or autoguns nearby any suspicious spot, and 
when you are wondering where your bots have disappeared to, peek 
around your map using the cameras. Stuck bots will automatically 
unstick when there are seen, so in this way you can keep the camera 
up in the problem area, and if it is a Story or Assault map, have 
the operation of this camera/autogun as part of the objectives, so 
that operating it and "seeing" the stuck bots is a built-in fix for 
the stuck-on-doors glitch within your map.  Note that autoguns will 
*not* automatically aim/fire at multiplayer bots on the Gamecube, 
but they *will* aim/fire at multiplayer bots on XBOX (and they do 
not automatically aim/fire at Story AI on any console). 
 
In addition to the tile layout and door considerations, the 3rd 
important thing when making a map bot-friendly is the placement of 
certain items which the bots cannot walk past. One barricade in the 
wrong place can simply kill a map for bot play. Once you know how 
bots will react to these items, you can use Features (like 
strategically rotated ramps) to "herd" story AI or multiplayer bots 
in a particular direction, or to other ends... 
 
The "safe room" principle (see Story AI section) works in Assault 
and other multiplayer modes too, but the bots don't get stupid like 
Story AI, they just patiently wait on you to exit the "safe room" 
and then they resume the chasing/firing. You can use the safe room 
to place items you don't want bots to pick up, but that live players 
can access. You can also confine the bots inside a room that the 
live player cannot access, thus restricting the player from items 
that the bots can have (on the other side of a bunker or window, for 
example). However, if the bots and live player are never able to 
enter the same playing area (so that they can touch each other), 
there is a glitch that causes multiple bots (2+) to freeze if they 
are in close proximity to one another. For example, if multiple bots 
are standing on top of a single spawn point or at 1 re-spawning gun, 
they will freeze and be unable to shoot at the live player until the 
live player enters "their space"; or, if within their confined space 
the bots are not on top of each other because they have each moved 
to a separate weapon pickup, and they can also see the player, they 
will shoot and dodge, but as soon as 2 come in close contact with 
one another during the shooting/dodging, they will also freeze. This 
type of freezing problem with the multiplayer bots is reversed as 
soon as no "barrier" exists between player and bots (for example, 
bots that are too close to one another and frozen on a lower level 
will unfreeze as soon as the player jumps down to them, quite unlike 
Story AI, which will remain frozen given the same situation, and do 
not need to be clustered up to freeze). You can also join two 
obstacle-separated areas, or provide a way out of a "pit," by making 
a long, long winding path that the bots can take to reach the 
player, eliminating any possibility of the "proximity freeze." If a 
possible pathway to the player exists, the bots will shoot/dodge as 
soon as they see the player, and will not freeze upon coming too 
close to one another; as soon as the player leaves their line of 
sight, they will take the long winding path. 
 
The Running of the Bull- , er, Bots
----------------------------------- 
Story AI of the Normal class (not Zombies and not Robots) that are 
armed with a firing weapon will run to and man a turret gun item 
placed in the map (some rules apply). This is the only thing that 
Story AI will care to access in the map other than the player, and 
they can be made to run a very long way to get to the turrets. In 
contrast, multiplayer bots will run to *weapons* placed in the map, 
and will *not* man a turret. 

Multiplayer bots have no classes...  Zombie characters do not 
shamble; Berserker Splitters do not gallop and shoot lightning; 
Robots do not plod; all bots act exactly the same. When bots have no 
weapon or are out of ammo, they will run a very long way to get to a 
weapon, no matter where it is in the map, so long as they can reach 
it (they will not pick up ammo placements, only weapon placements). 

You can use this running behavior to several ends. One that comes to 
mind is setting up a shooting range, where the goal is to take down 
running bots or Story AI. Another is giving keys to runners in 
Story, so that you need to chase them down in order to get the key. 
Or give them a particular weapon you might have need of, which is 
not itself placed within the map. 
 
Multiplayer bots will also run to and pick up a nearby powerup, but 
unlike a weapon, the powerup has to be very nearby. Powerups only 
last for 25 seconds, so if you want to ensure your bots stay powered 
up for a challenge (say, you want to make unarmed Dino velociraptors 
with speed powerups, or unarmed Evil Dead Invisible Zombie 
characters with cloaks), you can lead them back to the powerup with 
a respawning weapon. Make the weapon respawn every 25 seconds or so, 
so that only 1 enemy can get it at a time, but *all* go running to 
the weapon when it spawns. There will be one "winner" who gets the 
weapon, but the rest will remain unarmed and can get a powerup (set 
it to respawn on pickup) that is placed strategically in their path 
along the return journey. 
 
Exclusivity of Weapons in Multiplayer (Team-based modes)
-------------------------------------------------------- 
One thing you can do to spice up multiplayer game play against bots 
is to give the opposing-team bots a selection of weapons different 
from yourself. One way to do this is to put a weapon placement near 
their spawn point, on a higher level which the live player can't 
access (Greenpoe on Assault, Rec Room, 2005). This method can serve 
its purpose, but note that like you, once the bot jumps down from 
that higher level and then spends its ammunition, it can't get back 
to the same weapon placement to restock ammo (unless of course it 
gets killed and uses the same spawn point again). This can be 
especially bad, because when an unarmed or out-of-ammo bot senses a 
weapon in the map that it cannot reach... you've got yourself a 
malfunctioning bot on your hands. You can, however, provide a bot-
only route back to the same weapon placement, so that the bot can 
restock its ammo at the source without having to die in order to do 
so, and most importantly, so that it never becomes a lobotomized, 
two-stepping, harmless freak. Here's how: Bots (and Story AI, too) 
can do 2 specific things that the live player can't, serving in some 
ways as a balance to becoming debilitated by obstacles (see "safe 
room" above). They can a.) survive a 4-story fall, and b.) travel 
the wrong way through a one-way teleporter when the player isn't 
watching. You can use 1 or both of these bot characteristics to 
allow them access to weapons (or powerups) you the player cannot 
physically reach yourself. 
 
Adjust the spawn times of player-accessible weapon/armor/health 
items (0:00, anyone?), and you can make some unique challenges 
against well-equipped bots. For *absolute* exclusivity, turn off 
"always start with weapon," and you can even have levels where the 
live player starts unarmed and must punch out a bot and steal its 
weapon in order to survive/progress, or, maybe the bots have weapons 
that can't be dropped (bats, bricks, mines, grenades), so that in 
addition to fisticuffs, only turrets and switchable autoguns can be 
used by the player.  
 
Note that if the *player* has unique weapons, bots too can take that 
equipped, ammo-containing weapon from the player's own dead body. 
Bots will also collect harpoon gun and injector dart ammo that has 
been shot and peppered about the map, even if they don't posses 
these weapons. While they do collect dropped weapons and collectable 
spent ammo, they do this only by chance (proximity) and not by 
intent; nevertheless it could be a useful feature for some unique 
gameplay (player has a weapon that does not respawn; player dies and 
has scant seconds to retrieve weapon before it disappears; bot picks 
weapon up so now player needs to get the needed weapon back from the 
bot who stole it...) 
 
The Oft-neglected Character Abilities
------------------------------------- 
Multiplayer bots don't always need to be 5 stars to present a 
challenge in a bot-friendly map. If you've succeeded in making your 
multiplayer map bot-friendly, try turning character abilities ON, 
and use bots based on their stats. Utilize specific characters to 
specific ends (fast runners, slow runners, shock- or fire-proof, 
etc). Such differences can be key to the gameplay in your map. One 
good example is how Goliath, a natural 5-star bot, can be killed 
with 15 9mm shots to the "head" if character abilities are off and 
set to 5 stars... but with character abilities ON, it takes 28 9mm 
shots to the head to take him down. (Thanks Black Dragon for 
pointing that out). Head armor notwithstanding, the few other 
natural 5-star bots are also tougher with abilities on than when off 
(the Master is tougher by eight 9mm shots to the head), and even 
natural 4-star bots aren't very much of a step-down from when you 
set them to 5 stars (natural Cortez at 4 stars goes down with 9 
shots to the head; with 5 stars he takes 2 more), and may not be a 
step down if they have a higher than average stamina. Note that 
while stamina, shock- and fire-proof rankings are star-dependent (a 
2-star bot with a stamina of 6 is much weaker than a 4-star bot with 
a stamina of 6), the speed ranking works independently of stars (a 
2-star bot with a speed of 6 will run and move at a rate equal to a 
4-star bot with a speed of 6). 

One final thought on bots and character selection for a map, since 
the selection of bots and player character can be switched up, 
independent of the map that has been made... Give your map that FRD 
arcade challenge "feel" by presenting a premise, and defining 
characters meant to be used, in the Description and Briefing for the 
map. Remember TS2's Porridge Bust? One among many great FRD premises 
made possible by player-character and bot specificity.  
 
OK, now. Got no mates? Play against Bots! In Mapmaker!


====================================================================
           Multiplayer Bots Character Abilities Analysis
====================================================================
This information can prove especially useful to the mapmaker looking 
to add that additional level of variety or challenge to gameplay 
against Bots in a custom map.  

Note that Star rankings and Ability values apply primarily to Bots 
and not necessarily to a live player who chooses to select a 
particular character for play. While relative Speed and 
invulnerability to Shock and Fire correlate to live play, Stamina 
and actual shock resistance (noted ElectroTool voltage) do not.  In 
live play, characters are about the same (except as noted), and can 
even exhibit resilience opposite to what they should.  Most notably, 
high Star rank + high Stamina value = extremely weak live character 
against normal weapons; try out Berserker Splitter for example. 
There is likely a programming error which causes weakness in high-
Stamina characters when chosen as the player's avatar.

For this table, characters were tested for resilience in Bot form, 
using Cortez with a 9mm pistol and ElectroTool (default mode), 
against stationary teammates (mapmaker Team Deathmatch, friendly 
fire on). Fire Proof less than 8 was not tested in Bots due to the 
fact that once on fire, all Bots are debilitated, and therefore 
there is little use of knowing if it takes a Bot 1 second to die or 
20 seconds to die, they are all dead unless they have Fire Proof of 
8 (Invulnerable to fire). Fire Proof was tested in characters for 
live play only (as opposed to CPU/Bot play).  
.------------------------------------------------------------------.
|   Abbreviation Key for Abilities Table:                          |
|                                 PUNISHMENT TEST RESULTS          |
|  Sp = Speed            TS = Torso Shots for kill (9mm pistol)    |
|  St = Stamina          HS = Head Shots for kill (9mm pistol)     |
|  SP = Shock Proof      ET = ElectroTool (volts to kill, or INV)  |
|  FP = Fire Proof       FT = Flamethrower                         |
|                             INV = Invulnerable                   |
|                               2 = Player survives 2 flame bursts |
|                               1 = Player survives 1 flame burst  |
|                               0 = Player survives 0 flame bursts |
|                               X = Player burns/dies super-fast   |
|                                                                  |
|  (B) after name = Detachable head; head shots can be scored      |
|                 by hitting the neck once beheaded                |
'------------------------------------------------------------------'
Gallery Row 1      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Cortez                 4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Henchman Cortez        4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Dr. Cortez             4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Time Assassin Cortez   4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Captain Ash            4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Harry Tipper           3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Swinging Tipper        3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Jo-Beth Casey          3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1

Gallery Row 2      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Amy Chen               4*     6  4  5  5     11  8     92     1
Dr. Amy                4*     6  4  5  5     11  8     92     1
R-110                  5*     5  5  5  8     26 19    218    INV
Victorian Crow         3*     5  5  5  8      8  6     63    INV
Karma Crow             3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Jacob Crow             2*     6  4  5  8      5  4     39    INV
Mad Old Crow           1*     4  6  5  8      5  3     36    INV
Anya                   2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Captain Fitzgerald^    3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Nobby Peters           3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Sapper Johnson^        3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Tommy Jenkins^         3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Ivor Baddic            3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Pulov Yuran^           3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Comrade Papadov^       3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Warrant Officer Cain   4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Warrant Officer Keely  4*     5  5  5  6     12  9    102     2
Deep Diver             3*     4  6  5 (5)     9  6     69     0

Gallery Row 3      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
The Jungle Queen       4*     6  4  5  2     11  8     92     X
Robot Louis Stevenson  5*     4  6  5  8     28 28    236    INV
John Smith             4*     4  6  5 (5)    14 10    111     0
Jim Smith^             4*     4  6  5 (5)    14 10    111     0 
Fergal Stack           3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Khallos                2*     4  6  5 (5)     6  4     48     0
Booty Guard            3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Kitten Celeste         2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Henchwoman             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Elite Henchwoman       3*     6  4  5  5      7  5     57     1
Henchman               2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Elite Henchman         3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Vlad the Installer     2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Leonid                 3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Oleg                   3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Dr. Peabody            1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Nurse Gulag            1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1 
The Deerhaunter        5*     5  5  5  2     26 19    218     X

Gallery Row 4      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Carrion Carcass        2*     2  8  8  2      7  7    INV     X
Headsprouter           2*     6  4  5  2      5  4     39     X
Mr. Fleshcage          3*     6  4  8  2      7  5    INV     X
Clip Clamp        (B)  3*     5  5  8  2      8  6    INV     X
Crispin                3*     6  4  5  8      7  5     57    INV
Gideon Gout       (B)  2*     4  6  8  2      6  4    INV     X
Daisy Dismay      (B)  3*     4  6  5  2      9  6     69     X
Jed               (B)  4*     4  6  5  2     14 10    111     X
Arthur Aching     (B)  3*     2  8  8  2      7  5    INV     X
Gilbert Gastric   (B)  2*     2  8  8  2      7  5    INV     X
Jo-Barf Creepy    (B)  3*     8  2  5  5      6  5     51     1
Gladstone         (B)  2*     2  8  8  2      6  4    INV     X
Blanche Deadwood  (B)  3*     2  8  8  2      9  7    INV     X
Gaston Boucher    (B)  4*     4  6  5 (5)    14 10    111     0
Dr. Lancet             1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Dr. Pustule       (B)  1*     4  6  5  2      5  3     36     X
Nurse Tourniquet       2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Nurse Sputum           3*     5  5  8  2      8  6    INV     X
 
Gallery Row 5      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT 
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Lenny Oldburn          4*     4  6  5 (5)    14 10    111     0
Edwina                 3*     8  2  5  5      6  5     51     1
Deadwina^              3*     8  2  5  5      6  5     51     1
Brother Bartholomew    2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Sister Faith           1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Envirosuit             2*     4  6  5 (5)     6  4     48     0
Neophyte Lucian        2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1 
Neophyte Constance     2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Security               4*     4  6  5 (5)    14 10    111     0
Jack Sprocket          2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Inceptor               3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Inceptress             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
The Freak              4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Tin-Legs Tommy         1*     4  6  5 (5)     5  3     36     0
SecuriDroid XP         2*     5  5  5  8      6  4     44    INV
The General            4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Private Hicks          3*     5  5  5  6      8  6     63     2
Private Jones          3*     6  4  5  6      7  5     57     2

Gallery Row 6      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Lazarus Mumble         5*     4  6  5 (5)    28 20    236     0
Mordecai Jones         3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Ghengis Kant           2*     5  5  5  2      6  4     44     X
Angel Forge            3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Prison Officer         4*     5  5  2  8     12  9     26    INV
Lt. Black              3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
INSETICK SD/12         2*     5  5  2  8      6  4     11    INV
INSETICK SD/10         4*     6  4  5  8     11  8     92    INV
PROMETHEUS SD/7        4*     4  6  2  8     14 10     29    INV
PROMETHEUS SK/8        4*     4  6  2  8     14 10     29    INV
GOLIATH SD/9           5*     4  6  2  8     28 28     59    INV
Med-Unit 6             1*     5  5  2  8      4  4      8    INV
Time Assassin          4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Berserker Splitter     5*     2  8  5 (5)    31 22    255     0
Monkey                 1*     6  4  5  5      4  3     28     1
Cyborg Chimp           2*     6  4  5  5      5  4     39     1
Brains            (B)  1*     6  4  5  5      4  3     28     1
Ninja Monkey           3*     6  4  5  5      7  5     57     1

Gallery Row 7      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Renzo                  3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Goddard                3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Schmidt                4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Jacque de la Morte     2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1 
Viola                  4*     6  4  5  5     11  8     92     1
Mr. Underwood          2*     4  6  5 (5)     6  4     48     0
Sewer Zombie           3*     6  4  5  2      7  5     57     X 
Undead Priest          3*     5  5  5  2      8  6     63     X
Crypt Zombie           1*     6  4  5  2      4  3     28     X
Maiden                 1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Changeling             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
The Cropolite          4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Jared Slim             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Venus                  1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Chastity               2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Ghost                  3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1 
The Master             5*     5  5  5  5     26 19    218     1
Riot Officer           3*     5  5  5  6      8  6     63     2

Gallery Row 8      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Mischief               2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Mr. Giggles            2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Leo Krupps             2*     5  5  5  2      6  4     44     X
Stumpy                 3*     6  4  5  5      7  5     57     1 
Bear                   4*     4  6  5  2     14 10    111     X
Kypriss                4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Stone Golem            4*     4  6  8  8     14 10    INV    INV
Aztec Warrior          3*     6  4  5  2      7  5     57     X
High Priest            4*     5  5  5  2     12  9    102     X
Dinosaur               2*     4  6  5 (5)     6  4     48     0
Braces                 4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Handyman               4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Candi Skyler           2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
R One-Oh-Seven         5*     5  5  5  2     26 19    218     X
Calamari               1*     5  5  5  5      4  3     32     1
Corporal Hart          3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Badass Cyborg          4*     5  5  5  5     12  9    102     1
Snowman                1*     5  5  5  2      4  3     32     X

Gallery Row 9      Stars*    Sp St SP FP     TS HS     ET    FT
--------------------------------------------------------------------
Robofish               2*     5  5  5  8      6  4     44    INV
Chinese Chef           3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Gingerbread Man        4*     5  5  8  2     12  9    INV     X
Duckman Drake          2*     5  5  5  2      6  4     44     X
Koozer Mox             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Teeth Mummy            3*     5  5  8  2      8  6    INV     X
Captain Ed Shivers     3*     5  5  5  5      8  6     63     1
Gretel                 5*     5  5  5  5     26 19    218     1
Arial DaVinci          2*     6  4  5  5      4  3     39     1
Dozer                  1*     4  6  5 (5)     6  4     36     0
Sheriff Skullface      3*     6  4  5  6      7  5     57     2
The Shoal              4*     5  5  5  2     12  9    102     X
Hans                   4*     5  5  5  2     12  9    102     X
Mr. Socky              3*     5  5  8  2      7  6    INV     X
Lt. Christine Malone   2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1
Eli Scrubs             2*     5  5  5  5      6  4     44     1

Notes on Character Abilities
----------------------------
Fire Proof is inversely affected for player characters with Stamina 
value over 5 (likely a programming error); any Stamina value over 5 
results in the player with Fire Proof value of 5 not being able to 
survive a single flame burst, whereas other characters with Fire 
Proof of 5 can survive a single flame burst when selected by the 
player.  These higher-Stamina player characters are denoted by Fire 
Proof of "(5)" and are not as good as those with Fire Proof of "5" 
when selected for play when there is fire involved.

Regarding Fire Proof values and Bots, Star rankings affect each 
character's individual burn time (Bot form), but anything less than 
a Fire Proof value of 8 is useless for a Bot.  Bots on fire do not 
have the good sense to heal themselves like they normally do when 
injured, and also burn interminably regardless.  However, if chosen 
as a character for play, characters with higher Fire Proof will give 
the player more time to reach a Health pickup before burning to 
death, and as the player, all characters in fact do stop burning.

The Speed power up will give any character top speed without regard 
to initial Speed value (i.e., Edwina and Carrion Carcass will run 
equally fast when powered up with a Speed pickup).  

Shock Proof might well be viewed as the most useless Ability due to 
the alternate firing mode of electric weapons. The only two Shock-
delivering weapons, the ElectroTool and the Turret Gun Exotic, both 
have an alternate firing mechanism that can quickly kill any 
character that is invulnerable to Shock.  So even if playing with 
the ElectroTool and no other weapon, you can easily kill the most 
Shock-proof characters.  Bots, however, cannot kill a player if the 
player chooses a Shock-invulnerable character, because the Bots will 
NOT use this alternate firing mode. 

^The 7 misplaced characters ("NA" class in the Story AI chart) must 
first be placed into the Mapmaker Custom bot set in order to use 
them as skins for the bots in mapmaker multiplayer (making a custom 
multiplayer bot set at the mulitplayer options menu will only result 
in the same substitutions mentioned in the Story AI section). To use 
these as bots in mapmaker multiplayer, put them in the Mapmaker 
Custom bot set and choose this bot set for play at the multiplayer 
options menu.

When used as Story AI in mapmaker maps, character abilities are not 
applicable.  See the Story AI section for details about characters 
when used as Story AI.

====================================================================
                               Logic
====================================================================
The typical use of the mapmaker is clearly custom-built multiplayer 
mayhem.  However, single-player Story mode maps and even single-
player Assaults (once you've mastered "bot-friendliness") are where 
the Future Perfect mapmaker really shines. These mapmaker modes are 
often overlooked, or maybe just not even attempted due to the added 
complexity involved.  But if you have the patience, and a little 
creativity, you can create Story and Assault challenges that offer, 
on either end of the spectrum, quick thrills and amusement (the many 
in-game sample maps being prime examples), or ambitious, lengthy, 
plot-motivated, puzzle-filled adventures... all through use of 
Logic.

You can learn a lot by examining the design interfaces of the on-
the-disc sample maps; doing this is quite simply the best Logic 
tutorial you can get.  Choose Edit/Create New Map, then load a 
sample map. 

The basic concept of Story Logic is that a Logic operation is made 
up of the Trigger and the Action.  There could be multiple Triggers 
that must be tripped in order to bring about a single Action, or 
there can be a single Trigger that results in multiple Actions 
(maximum of 10 Triggers and Actions per Logic operation).  Triggers 
can be reset so that they can be used and re-used again and again 
within the same Story map.  

The in-game menus are very self-explanatory; take time and see what 
is there to be offered.  One thing I would like to bring attention 
to though is the use of counters.

Counters
--------
Counters can be utilized in Story mode to signify pretty much 
anything. 1st thing you would probably think to do with one would be 
to count AI kills, but they can be named accordingly and used for so 
much more.  They can signify anything that might be represented by 
an increasing/decreasing value, be it money (Mutant1988), battery 
power, toxicity exposure, stealth points, air available... use your 
imagination.

To make a counter steadily increase or decrease, you should use the 
principle of the Backwards-counting Timer that I first saw posted at 
GameFAQs by Funkchiken, and later at the TimeSplitters Music Box. 
(http://forums.tsmusicbox.com/index.php?topic=691.570)

Abbreviated description of Funkchiken's countdown:
*Logic Operation 1*
Trigger: Game start 
Actions: 
-> "Seconds left" (Counter, show) increase by whatever 
-> Start "1 second" (Timer, hidden) 
*Logic Operation 2*
Trigger: "1 second" reaches 1 second
Actions: 
-> Reset the Timer "1 second" 
-> Reset the Trigger: "1 second" reaches 1 second 
-> "Seconds left" counter decrease by 1 
*Logic Operation 3* 
Trigger: "Seconds left" equals 0 
Action -> Mission failed or whatever

With the basic logic of a Timer perpetually hitting the 1-second 
mark (*Logic Operation 2* above, minus the 3rd Action there), you 
can use an accompanying Counter (the 3rd Action there) to show 
things that steadily increase or decrease, like air slowly leaking 
from a spaceship, money accumulated by staying inside a gladiator 
arena, you name it.

To stop the value loss/gain on an ever-changing counter, so that the 
counter only changes in a desired area of the map (your gladiator 
arena where you want to earn money, or your toxic dump where you 
want to avoid toxicity exposure) use Location Reached Triggers and 
reset them so that they will start/stop the counter upon 
entering/leaving the desired area:

*Logic Operation 1*
Trigger: Location "Inside" reached 
Actions: 
-> Start a "Counter Movement" Timer (hidden) 
-> Reset the Trigger: Location "Outside" reached 
*Logic Operation 2* 
Trigger: "Counter Movement" Timer Reaches 1 second
Actions: 
-> Reset the "Counter Movement" Timer (so it goes back to zero) 
-> Reset the Trigger: "Counter Movement" Timer Reaches 1 second
-> Counter (of whatever, show) increase (or decrease, as   
   appropriate) by 1 
*Logic Operation 3* 
Trigger: Location "Outside" reached 
Actions: 
-> Reset the Trigger: Location "Inside" reached 
-> Stop the "Counter Movement" Timer 

So, the counter only moves when you are "inside" the desired area, 
stops when you go back "outside," than starts again when you go back 
"inside."  Love that reset option.

Logic and Story AI
------------------
You can make Story AI "say" various things by making an Enemy Spots 
Player trigger, and a Message Displayed action (i.e., a bunch of 
ladies with baseball bats could say "Eek! There's a spider on you!" 
or a shambling mummy can follow the Player around saying, "Hey! 
Whazzup!"  Make custom-written last gasps (Enemy Killed -> message) 
or death threats...  "My name is Inigo Montoya. You killed my 
father. Prepare to die."  That is exactly how many characters you 
get (63), so be brief and to the point.

Barriers (see Story AI above) will prevent unarmed/bat possessing 
Normals, and unarmed Robot characters from triggering message 
actions, or any other type of "Spots Player" action for that matter.  
Zombie Class characters, armed or not, will without fault trigger a 
message action by spotting the Player, over and over (they can say 
BRAINS... interminably), until they reach a barrier at which point 
they freeze.  But a Normal or Robot behind a barrier must be armed 
(bat counts only for Robots) or a Spots Player action will not be 
triggered.

If you want to create an untouchable friendly that will "talk to" 
the Player, it must either be a Normal or Robot armed with a ghost 
gun (harmless in Story mode), so they can keep ghosts off of the 
Player while they talk (or some other contrived explanation for 
their antics), or the untouchable character must be in the Zombie 
Class, since Zombies will at least talk until the point where they 
freeze; though a Normal or Robot will certainly appear to Spot you, 
they will not trigger the "spots player" message action until they 
are allowed to fire a shot from some kind of gun.

You can make your ghost-gun-toting or unarmed Zombie friendly say 
different things when the Player passes by them on separate 
occasions IF:  You place identical, yet-to-be-triggered enemies (not 
triggered by Game Start) in the same room; these twins will say the 
different things when they in turn spot the Player.  After the 
Player talks to the first friendly, the Player must then go on to 
arrive at an out-of-sight Location.  Have that Location Reached (or 
some other subsequent trigger) kill the first "friend" and spawn the 
2nd "friend" (disable spawn sounds). When the Player goes back by, 
the "friend" will say something else (provide additional 
instructions, for instance.)  They might be someone the Player is 
trying to rescue.  Make the level end (Objective Completed) as any 
Undead friend is actually freed, unless you also want to contrive a 
reason for the former friend to suddenly want to pummel the Player, 
or for the Player to need to kill the freed person.  Work with it!  
Using message actions, you can actually build a "story" into your 
Story.  

If you simply MUST have a talking, unarmed, captive, Normal or Robot 
friendly, with different things to say, then use a Location Reached 
(near the friendly) trigger, since a "spots player" trigger won't 
work.  Put the friendly in a windowed cell surrounded by up to 4 
"message tiles."  Protect each tile with doors. Door 1, to Location 
1, begins unlocked, thus enabling display of the 1st message. All 
the other doors start locked.  After receiving message 1, the Player 
continues on to perform some trigger which locks door 1, and unlocks 
door 2...etc. 
 
Top Down View: 
 
P = Player, (: = Friendly, D = Door, W = Window, X = Wall.  Numbers 
= Locations/messages  
 
 
                X---D---X  
                X       X        
                X   4   X        
                X       X        
        XXXXXXXX|---W---|XXXXXXXX  
        |       |       |       |  
   P->  D   1   W  (:   W   3   D  
        |       |       |       |  
        XXXXXXXX|---W---|XXXXXXXX  
                X       X       
                X   2   X      
                X       X        
                X---D---X   
 
So that the Player won't forget or miss what each message was, have 
each Location Reached -> Reset Location Reached, so that the message 
will be displayed upon returning to the tile each time. 
 
You could also just enable communication with the friendly by 
"transceiver" (i.e., messages from them displayed while far away 
from them), which would be far easier.

Although you can use AI as 2 types of Triggers (AI Killed, or AI 
Spots Player), there is a 3rd way of using an AI as a Trigger, which 
bears mentioning since it isn't blatantly obvious from examining the 
options in-game.  Using the Trigger, Door:Unlock, you can make an AI 
drive this Trigger, by giving the locked Door a color, and giving 
the AI the Key to it.  When the AI unlocks the door, there's your 
3rd possible AI-responsible Trigger.  AI coming for you and who hold 
the right key will unlock the colored Door if it is in their way, 
for a "perimeter breached" alarm, or for other purposes.

Creating Story Awards
---------------------
Awards are always a good way of giving a single-player story some 
replay value.

For setting higher awards for shorter mission completion times, you 
need a Timer and a Counter:
1. Start game -> Awards Counter increases by 4. 
2. Awards Timer reaches A,B,C,D (any of 4 Triggers) -> Awards
   Counter decreases by 1 
Platinum: Main Objective completed + Awards Counter reaches 4
    Gold: Main Objective completed + Awards Counter reaches 3
  Silver: Main Objective completed + Awards Counter reaches 2
  Bronze: Main Objective completed + Awards Counter reaches 1
(Over time D will result in no award given)

Some things to watch out for
----------------------------
If using a Location Reached Trigger to toggle/lock a door behind the 
player that just stepped through that same particular door, it is 
best to have the toggling/locking Location at least 1 square away 
from the door.  If the door is right up against the Location, the 
player may get in the way of the door when it tries to close, thus 
ruining the whole purpose of the Logic.  AI can also get in the way 
of doors that need to toggle closed, so keep this in mind. Their 
dead bodies can also negate a door toggling, for up to 5 seconds.

If a tile that is part of a Light Logic is moved, by moving it you 
have just erased that light change from your Light Logic, and you 
have to add it back in again after moving the tile.

When making many changes to a map, you may find that the Locations 
you have set may end up being mysteriously relocated, even possibly 
winding up outside of the tiles; keep a check on them when 
extensively modifying a map, to make sure they stay put.

*** Open request to compile here a list of Logic mechanics, 
techniques, tricks, and tips.  Know any? ***

Some Notes on Assault and Assault Logic
---------------------------------------
For anyone getting tired of coming up with adventure upon adventure 
for tired old Cortez and his trusty uplink, try making an Assault 
map that is character-based so you can play as somebody else for a 
change.  You can set it up as a story, and you get free message 
space (phase start and completion messages) in order to help tell 
the story in addition to the Description and Briefing.  The messages 
are huge on the screen, much better than the tiny print at the 
bottom in Story messages, which can often go missed since they are 
so unobtrusive.  You can't miss the Assault message. (Note that the 
phase completion message for the final phase will not be shown 
onscreen; it is overridden by the Win/Lose message.)  Also, you are 
able to use powerups, and the Assault Starts can serve as 
checkpoints; 1 death doesn't end the level like in Story.  The 
drawback to using Assault as "story level" is the necessary trade of 
all the AI and their options to the 7-10 multiplayer bots; and you 
get extremely limit Logic options (no timers, counters, etc.). 
However, new player characters, character abilities, usage of the 
"missing" character skins, free LARGE messages, powerup usage, full 
functionality of all weapons (K-SMG rockets, Ghost Gun health-steal, 
Injector bloat, and Mag-charger pierce vision), and multiple lives 
make it a good trade indeed.

When making an Assault map, it is best never to use the "preview 
map" option within the map editor for testing the assault, for you 
will not be able to modify the multiplayer settings for proper play.  
In "previewing" an Assault map, the Attacking team will be made up 
of the 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th bots in your Bot Set; the Defenders 
will be the 2nd, 4th, and 6th bots in your Bot Set roster (Bots 8-10 
are not used on Gamecube/PS2 mapmaker maps, due to a glitch caused 
by the Monkey Assistant mode).  It is doubtful you want your assault 
teams set up in this manner, so "preview Assault" is no help here.  
If you want to have all bots on the Defending team with only you 
Attacking, or if you want to start with weapon off for weapon 
exclusivity, you must save the Assault map you are working on, quit 
the mapmaker, and choose "play map" to properly test the Assault map 
with the intended multiplayer settings (and to properly test other 
multiplayer-mode maps properly, too, really).  

You can have up to 8 Assault phases, with each phase having up to 5 
triggers. Be sure to place Assault starts for each Phase so that 
they can serve as logical "check-points." 

Assault Awards, although a visible option, DO NOT WORK; the 
necessary objectives are not available in assault.  This seems to 
have been an aspect of the game left unfinished by the programmers.

Assault phase Logics (limited in their options) will work while 
playing the map in Story mode, but Story Logics (any option that is 
not available also while setting up Assault Logic) will not work 
when playing the map in Assault mode.  While Assault Logics do work 
in Story, Assault PHASES exist only when playing the map in Assault 
mode.  This can be very confusing for a beginner (was for me), so I 
think it should be said.

Do NOT have your multiplayer time limit set at "no time limit," or 
you will not win the Assault, even if completing all phases 
flawlessly and in record time.  Choose at the most a 1 hour time 
limit to enable winning.

====================================================================
                              Glitching!
====================================================================
Some amazing things such as invisible bridges, one-way travel 
through walk-through walls, invisible enemies, and windows to the 
sky can be accomplished through merging tiles.  Here are godM0d3's 
concise instructions reprinted from the GameFAQs message boards, to 
give the clueless a start...

godM0d3, 7/24/2006: 
1: put a tile on the third floor or higher 
2: put a tile directly below on the bottom floor 
3: highlight both 
4: grab the bottom tile and move it up until the top tile is on the 
"7th" floor 
5: move bottom tile back to bottom and repeat process, but put a 
story ai on the new tile 
6: move it the same way and use the show on map story ai function 
7: use the highlight tool to highlight the overlapped tiles 
8: go to the regular tile that was on the bottom, highlight it and 
move it to the bottom 
9: you now have a glitch tile 
 
to make an invisible floor, put a large low on the top part of a 
large open 
 
for the mapmaker noobs when you first start doing this you will 
encounter unintentional sky glitches and such. to avoid this, 
whenever you put a regular tile next to a glitch tile pick the 
overlapped tiles up by highlighting them (u might have to drag over 
them to fully highlight) and just put them back down in the same 
spot. other than that it just takes trial and error 
 
godM0d3, 7/29/2006:  
Suggested tiles to overlap: 
1. Overlap a three space corridor with another one turned the other 
direction 
2. Overlap two funnels turned different directions 
3. Overlap a single open with a t-junction (walk-through wall) 
4. Overlap windows or doors with walls or each other 
5. Different combinations of normal ramps and open tiles 
6. Overlap tiles with items on them

...

Most everything concerning mapmaker glitches is described here by 
SHARKGUN, with links to demonstrative movies that you *will* need to 
pause/replay a hundred or so times in order to actually glean 
anything; the movies look more like a glitching race more so than 
anything intended to be educational, but keep watching and you *can* 
learn something (I know I finally did, in one particular case):

http://timesplitters4.net/index.php/topic,123.0.html

Thanks to Denkriston at the Rec Room for explaining the intentional 
sky window (my favorite glitch).  Here's how to add a sky window 
onto an existing map:

Overlap two #27s (small open stackables) and bring them back down. 
Next, move the merged tiles (drag a select box over both, to pick up 
both) up against an open edge of your existing map.  Place 3 
connecting 27's next to the merged glitch tile -- one above it, one 
below it, and one behind it (Player's point of view).  On either 
side of it, place a #5 (small corridor T junction), with the T-
junction's wall nearest the Player.  Now place a window item between 
the Player's free-roam area and the glitch tile.  The result will be 
a window to the sky, which is simply beautiful.  

Might I suggest a surprise attack by story AI, triggered by the 
Player marveling at the view?  

Location 1 reached (tile beside window) = Timer (new, hide) Start, 
and Reset any Location 2 reached.
Location 2 reached (any of the 5 tiles around Location 1) = Timer 1 
Stop, Timer 1 Reset, and Reset Location 1 reached.
Timer 1 reaches 10 seconds = spawn new AI nearby

Top view:
                         X
      Free Roam Area  <--X-->  No Player Access
                         X   
       .--------.--------X--------.   
       |        |        X        |                
       |  Loc2  |  Loc2  X   (5)  |                
       |        |        X        |               
       |--------|--------X--------.--------. 
       |        |        |  sky   |        |  
       |  Loc2  |  Loc1  W glitch |  (27)  | 
       |        |        |  tile  |        |  
       |--------|--------X--------|--------'  
       |        |        X        |      
       |  Loc2  |  Loc2  X   (5)  |  
       |        |        X        | 
       '--------'--------X--------'      
                         X 
      Free Roam Area  <--X-->  No Player Access
                         X

====================================================================
                          Further Reading
====================================================================
SHARKGUN's guide to merging tiles and glitching:
http://timesplitters4.net/index.php/topic,123.0.html

Mutant1988's Mapmaker Advanced Tips and Tricks (many Story Logic 
techniques as well as other stuff):
http://www.angelfire.com/crazy/drifting/map_logic.txt

Blakepro's Map Connection (loads of map blueprints for your re-
creation):
http://www.geocities.com/timesplittersmaps/main.html

The Rec Room's semi-active mapmaking community (ideas and 
inspiration, information on glitching, map blueprints, etc.):
http://z7.invisionfree.com/Rec_Room/index.php?showforum=39

You are bound to find some mapmaking tidbits if you explore the 
extensive Timesplitters links list at the Timesplitters Music Box, 
especially the TSMB's own mapmaking topic:
http://forums.tsmusicbox.com/index.php?topic=710.0

EAgames may have pulled all support from TS:FP, but you can find 
their helpful mapmaking guide for beginners preserved here:
http://z13.invisionfree.com/admiralhowdy/index.php?act=Attach&type=p
ost&id=8223745

====================================================================
                          Random Things
====================================================================
e-mail contributions to howdyadmiral@yahoo.com or just feel free to 
drop me a line.  If you see errors in the guide, please point them 
out, or share your own knowledge/expertise.

No, you cannot play as anyone other than Cortez in Story maps. Try 
making a single-player Assault-based "story."

The topmost multiplayer Bot in a Bot set will be granted a 100% ammo 
compliment upon game start (always starting with weapon ON in 
multiplayer).  For example, instead of the default 360 charge for an 
ElectroTool or 12 harpoons for the Harpoon Gun, that topmost Bot in 
the set will have a full charge of 1800 volts, or the max of 48 
harpoons.  This can make for some nice steal-the-ammo game play, 
with these top bots being prime targets for the player.

Consider using the Unlockable Cheats to add detail to a map's 
premise (e.g., Spinning Heads for a Malfunctioning Robot Factory, 
Slow Motion Deaths for an underwater level, Paintball for a 
simulated "friendly" match where killing enemies = failure, etc. 
etc.)

The on-the-disc sample map "A Little Head?" may not work if you try 
to play it on Gamecube (no enemies spawn).  However, after 
attempting to play it, the level design will be in the console's 
memory.  Choose Edit/Create New Map, then Preview the map within the 
mapmaker utility.  The level is now playable for some reason. 

Transferring saved maps between Gamecube/Wii and PC is possible with 
the GameCube USB Memory Adapter.  Get one (search online for 
retailers) and exchange maps via the internet; submit save files 
here at GameFAQs.com for download by other players.  Please?  With 
the end of TS online, map sharing between PS2 and XBOX owners can 
only be achieved in this manner as well, and similar USB memory 
transfer devices are available for these systems too.

Known console differences:
  Gamecube has some problems with lighting manipulations, XBOX not.
  Gamecube doesn't have all the music available that is in other  
    versions.
  Gamecube has some exclusive cheats that can be used in 
    multiplayer.  Both XBOX and Gamecube but not PS2 have 
    Cascade (the matrix-vision), but only Gamecube has Old 
    Film, 8-bit, and All Characters Cloaked. Anyone please correct 
    me on the cheats exclusive to each console. 
  Gamecube and PS2 autoguns do not aim/fire at multiplayer bots; 
    XBOX autoguns do.  XBOX also has an extra unlockable weapon, the  
    Time Grenade.
  The last 3 bot slots in Gamecube and PS2 have been hijacked by the  
    Monkey Assistants, so that these slots are inoperable in all 
    modes for mapmaker maps; not so on XBOX, you can always use all  
    10 bots in the mapmaker. 


Well... Time to split!  




====================================================================
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