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    FAQ/Strategy Guide by KChang

    Updated: 09/25/95 | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

                          XCOM2: Terror from the Deep
                        The UN-official Strategy Guide
                     Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
                          Updated September 25, 1995
                Edited / Maintained by Kuo-Sheng (Kasey) Chang
    0.   READ ME FIRST
    0.1  Introduction
    Thanks for the tremendous response for XCOM:USG and XCOM2:USG! I've
    received feedback all over the world and I thank you all. This is the
    fourth revision of the XCOM2:USG. Undoubtably lots of things are
    missing despite plenty of feedback since the first version, but with
    your help details will be filled...
    This latest revision has more information than ever! Updated
    information such as new XCOM Webpages have been added, slightly
    expanded section on movement, and various other small enhancements...
    This is probably one of the longest FAQs out there! (With exception of
    the Official DOOM FAQ, of course...)
    I am still taking your suggestions for XCOM3, though I felt obligated
    to mention that MicroProse is ALWAYS taking your suggestions as well.
    Send your suggestions to "support@microprose.com", with "XCOM3
    Suggestions" as the topic. Any way, I still have indirect contact with
    Mr.Gollop and I can pass on your suggestions. I already have most of
    the common ones like robot/cyborg units, construction kits for weapons
    and tanks, reorder troops, fix the 80-item limit, etc. etc. Think of
    some UNIQUE ones and send them!
    0.2  Purpose of this guide
    USG was written to help fellow players survive and succeed in the
    universe of XCOM/XCOM2. While it tries to do that, and it lists many
    tactics, only YOU, the player, can implement those tactics. XCOM2 is
    NOT an adventure or RPG game.  There are no "keys" for you to "solve"
    the game. One given tactic could work for several missions but fail to
    gain you a victory the next time. EVERY mission is a little different,
    and different things CAN and WILL happen each time you play it.
    The tactics, strategies, and analyses in USG are compiled from a wide
    variety of sources, and most have been tested by dozens of people (if
    not hundreds and thousands).  If they fail, it is probably because the
    tactic does not apply to your particular situation.
    Do NOT assume that you can beat the game just by going through every
    page of this guide. It is NOT that simple. All I can do with this
    guide is offer you some suggestions. Implementation is up to you.
    This guide assumes that you are already familiar with the interface
    (which button to click to go upstairs on a lift, etc). If you are not
    yet familiar with XCOM2, please read the manual first.
    0.3  Credits where credits are due
    Thanks to MicroProse and Mythos Games for bringing us such a nice
    game... I can't wait to see XCOM3! (Will the graphics be as good as
    that new game from Origin?)
    Thanks to all the people who have contributed to the previous edition
    of XCOM2:USG. Donny Chan, LT; Robert Bellflower, Xenologist;
    "FractalLaw", Researcher, and many many others.
    Thanks to all the people who have contributed to previous editions of
    the XCOM:USG, whom include but are not limited to: William Kang, CMDR;
    Tim Chown, CMDR; Doug Osborne, SGT; Stuart Lamble, SGT; Seth Cohn,
    SGT; Bill Soo, SGT; Jeff Shaffer, Economist; Rob Eiben, SGT; Jim
    Muchow, SGT; Menachem Pasteich, architect; Paul Close, publicist and
    simulation expert; JGrif36366, Researcher, and fellow XCOM players all
    over the world discussing the game on USENET, America On-line and
    Lots of thanks goes to Jeff James (CGW columnist), who shared his
    knowledge of the game (and the chapter scheme!) with me and provided a
    lot of exclusive information (non-MicroProse), including the Julian
    Gollop interview. We honor you as XCOM Admiral. :-)
    0.4  Notes on the USG
    XCOM: UFO Defense and XCOM: Terror From the Deep are trademarks of
    MicroProse software.
    This document's organization is mostly based on Jeff James's book,
    _Totally Unauthorized XCOM:Terror From the Deep_, and is used with
    This document is produced by "Print to File" from MSWord, based on a
    Generic printer of 60 lines per page and 1 inch margin all around,
    fixed pitch courier 10 font. If you loaded this into Windows or Mac,
    try using Courier or other fixed-pitch font as the viewing font.
    This document is available FREE of charge. You are under NO obligation
    to send me ANY compensation. However, I request a small donation of
    US$5.00 if you believe this USG has helped your game. If you don't
    think so, that's okay too. As I said, it's voluntary. Non-US readers
    can send some nice local stamps instead.
    All readers, PLEASE let me know if there's a confusing or missing
    remark... If you find an question about the game that is not covered
    in the USG, e-mail it to me. I'll try to answer it and include it in
    the next update.
    PLEASE do NOT send me disks or requests for utilities mentioned mail
    to you. All I CAN do is point you in the right direction (WWW pages,
    FTP sites, etc.), and they are listed IN section 1. I have a VERY long
    commute and I REALLY DO NOT HAVE TIME mailing disks (even when you
    offer to compensate me for the disks...) Depending on availability and
    time available, I MIGHT e-mail files, so include your e-mail address!
    Regretably, some of you found that that I do not reply to regular mail
    very well. I do respond to e-mail promptly though! So if you do
    contact me via regular mail, include your e-mail address as well!
    0.5  USG Distribution
    The USG should be available at the Game Domain WWW
         WWW : http://wcl-rs.bham.ac.uk/GamesDomain
         FTP : ftp://wcl-l.bham.ac.uk/pub/~djh/faqs
    Any quick updates for the USG can be found on my own homepage
    Also check the various XCOM/TFTD web pages listed in Section 1.
    If you are on America On-Line, look in the PC Games Forum (keyword:
    PCGAMES). Go into the file library, and search under XCOM or XCOM2.
    If there is ABSOLUTELY NO WAY you can get this file (how did you know
    about this in the first place? ) then send me e-mail (see below) and
    I'll try to get back to you.
    Please don't just mail me and ask "it's nice and do you have an update
    and if so please send it to me". If I have an update I can release I
    would have released it already.
    0.6  The Editor
    I am just a gamer who didn't like the existing FAQ's and strategy
    tactics collection available out there, and decided to write my own.
    Lots of people like what I did, so I kept doing it.
    I also wrote XCOM:USG and Wing Commander 3:USG, with Mechwarrior 2:USG
    coming soon!
    You can contact me at:
    Internet1         kschang@sfsu.edu (preferred)
    WWW Homepage      http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~kschang
    Internet2         ksc1@aol.com (only if you must, see below)
    America On-Line   Ksc1 (that's a "one", not "ell")
    US Mail           Kasey Chang, 2220 Turk Blvd. Apt. 6
                      San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    If you contact me via Internet e-mail I usually reply within two
    working days. Please use the preferred e-mail address if possible, not
    BOTH. I only sign onto America On-Line (second address) twice a week
    so you won't get a prompt reply if you contact me there.
    0.7  Revision history
    April 15th, 1995 -- Initial release, quick patch together job from
    XCOM USG, missing lots of stuff
    June 1st, 1995 -- Major revision, new chapter scheme and all that...
    LOTS of details filled
    August 17, 1995 -- "Minor" revision, though substantial! Lots of
    rewriting, more filling in the details, and other stuff.
    September 5th, 1995 -- "Minor" revision, added section on formations
    and sweep tactics, plus misc fix-ups.
    Table of Contents
     0.1 Introduction
     0.2 Purpose of this guide
     0.3 Credits where credits are due
     0.4 Notes on the USG
     0.5 USG Distribution
     0.6 The Editor
     0.7 Revision history
     1.1 So what is XCOM2: Terror From the Deep?
     1.2 What do I need to run XCOM2:TFTD?
     1.3 What's the difference between XCOM1 and XCOM2?
     1.4 Gameplay bugs/gripes
     1.5 Future of XCOM, and related things
     1.6 Where can I find XCOM related stuff?
     1.7 XCOM General Information FAQ
     2.1 How is scoring calculated?
     2.2 How do I win? How do I lose?
     2.3 Bases
     2.4 Finding Alien Colonies
     2.5 Target Selection
     2.6 GeoScape Tricks and Tips
     2.7 GeoScape FAQ
     3.1 XCOM Crafts
     3.2 Target Selection for USOs in transit
     3.3 USO Attack methods
     3.4 Multiple interceptors
     3.5 Craft Weapons
     3.6 Craft Weapon Notes
     3.7 Special Craft Tactics
     3.8 Interception FAQ
    4. FINANCE
     4.1 What really eats up money at XCOM?
     4.2 How do I earn more money?
     4.3 How do I cut expenses?
     4.4 What do I manufacture to make more money?
     4.5 The "Transfer Salary Savings" cheat
     4.6 Aliens signed pact with XXX!
     4.7 XCOM Finance FAQ
     5.1 What should I start researching first?
     5.2 Overall strategy
     5.3 Duplicate Research -- NOT!
     5.4 Research Tree [probably incomplete]
     5.5 Any hints on manufacturing?
     5.6 Research and Manufacturing FAQ
     5.7 Stuff that can be bought, hire, or leased
     5.8 Stuff that must be researched and manufactured
     6.1 Average Alien Stats on veteran (normal) level
     6.2 Alien attack/defense summary
     6.3 Alien Missions
     6.4 Battle Notes on individual aliens
     6.5 USO speed, range, etc.
     7.1 Recruiting Aquanauts
     7.2 How do I improve soldiers?
     7.3 Soldier Specialties / Change soldier names
     7.4 Missing in Action
     7.5 Packing Advice
     7.6 Basic Loadout for Transports
     7.7 Equipment list
     7.8 Other Action TU cost cross-reference
     7.9 Equipment FAQ
     8.1 Armor
     8.2 Firing mode selection
     8.3 Pistol vs Rifle debate
     8.4 XCOM Ground Weapons
     8.5 Specific Weapon Notes
     8.6 SWS Types
     8.7 Molecular Control Combat
     8.8 Weapons FAQ
     9.1 General Combat Notes
     9.2 Locating Aliens
     9.3 Capturing Aliens
     9.4 General Combat Tactics
     9.5 Movement
     9.6 Movement FAQ
     9.7 Time Unit management
     9.8 Retreat (Tactical withdrawal)
     9.9 Alien Movement
     10.1 USO Recoveries and Assaults
     10.2 Colony assaults
     10.3 Artifact site assault
     10.4 Anti-Terror Mission in general
     10.5 XCOM Base Defense
     10.6 Mastering T'leth--The Final Assault
    1.1  So what is XCOM2: Terror From the Deep?
    1.1.1     What is the "background" of XCOM2: TFTD?
    XCOM had defeated the alien invasion which threatened Earth at year
    2001. The conflict was then known as "The First Alien War". In a final
    do-or-die attack, XCOM soldiers destroyed the alien homebase at
    Cydonia, Mars.
    But not all of it...
    Deep in the ruins of the Cydonia base, a tachyon beam came to life,
    sending out a signal...
    To Earth, straight into Gulf of Mexico.
    Deep in the oceans, machinery buried for millenia came back to life,
    unseen by human eyes...
    [cut to]
    It is the year 2040. New aliens in flying subs (unidentified swimming
    objects, or USOs) have appeared all over the world, often attacking
    ships and terrorizing coastal cities.
    Thus started "The Second Alien War", and only one force stand in their
    way to conquest of Earth: the XCOM Underwater Experimental Facility.
    You are in overall command of XCOM. You will launch and control
    fighter subs to attack marauding alien flying subs, send aquanauts to
    attack crashed or landed subs, raid alien colonies and other targets
    on Earth (if you can find them), keep the sponsor alliances happy and
    USOs out of their territories, buy the ammo and weapons you need in
    the war, research and build better weapons as your aquanauts bring in
    captured alien artifacts for analysis and eventually manufacture our
    own copies, pay for everything by contributions from sponsor alliances
    and selling stuff, and eventually figure out the alien threat's origin
    and end the threat once and for all.
    If you say "this sounds just like XCOM", you're absolutely right, but
    this game is quite a bit harder.
    1.1.2     How does XCOM2 play?
    In three words, "just like XCOM". If you've never played XCOM, here's
    a description:
    The game is divided into two main segments: GeoScape and BattleScape.
    GeoScape is a 3-D view of the globe, rotate-able and zoom-able. This
    is where you control your various bases around the world (with
    sonars), your fighter and transport subs (carrying your aquanauts),
    your inventory at each base, the subs and alien bases/targets
    currently in sight, and so on. Once ground contact is made (transport
    landed next to subs, you attack alien base, aliens attack your base,
    etc. ), the game switches to Battlescape.
    Battlescape is an isometric tile-based 3-D combat with viewpoint
    similar to SimCity 2000 and Syndicate but lower resolution. The combat
    is turn-based with opportunity fire on the opponent's round (provided
    you have enough TimeUnits [TUs] and reaction), with plenty of
    different weapons and terrains. Every thing is mouse-driven so game is
    very easy to learn yet hard to master.
    1.1.3     If I already have XCOM, should I buy this game?
    Yes!  If you think XCOM is easy, you'll get CREAMED in this game! (At
    least early on). Graphics are somewhat better, though some people
    complained of clashing colors. There's more use of shading and
    lighting effects, sound is better too, with more soundcards supported.
    Even though the physics are goofy, it's still a great game. For
    differences, see [What's the difference between XCOM1 and XCOM2?].
    1.2  What do I need to run XCOM2:TFTD?
    1.2.1     What type of PC do I need?
    You need a 386 or better, minimum of 4 MB RAM, VGA, Mouse, MS/PC-DOS
    5.0 or higher. A 286 won't work since XCOM uses a 386 DOS extender. A
    386SX will work though.
    If you have the bare minimum, 4 megs, do NOT use any SMARTDRV. In
    fact, boot clean (If using DOS6+, press F5 during bootup) Low memory
    is knwon to cause several bugs.  Also, amount of lower memory IS
    important, since there are TWO programs involved, one needs
    conventional, the other uses DOS extender, so BOTH must be maximized.
    Despite the box says SVGA, the game uses only VGA. This is a goof-up
    on the part of MicroProse, and caused quite an uproar (charges of
    "false advertising", etc. *sigh*)
    It comes on four (4) 3.5" HD disks, and needs about 15MB of hard drive
    space to install, more if using disk compression software such as
    Stacker or DoubleSpace.
    There is a CD version takes up only about 4 megs of hard drive space,
    and comes with extneded animation/sound "cut scenes".
    1.2.2     What's the difference between disk and CD version?
    CD version has a much longer animated beginning and ending. Instead of
    slideshows you get full animations.
    You need a double-speed CD-ROM drive (minimum throughput of 280K/sec)
    in order to see the animated beginning and ending, or you'll see the
    slide-show instead. See TFTD's README.TXT file for details.
    You CAN install the CD version onto the hard drive if you have enough
    space. Run the INSTALL in the \HARDDISK directory on the CD.
    1.2.3     What sound cards are supported?
    All major soundcards including Gravis Ultrasound are supported. Gravis
    owners must have FULL set of patches available on HD. If you don't you
    WILL have sound problems.
    Advice from MPS: be warned that some "Soundblaster compatible"
    soundcards may not be really 100% compatible.
    1.2.4     Any incompatibility problems?
    Windows: The game may run under Windows but I have no information on
    the PIF settings, sorry. Someone reported that default settings seem
    to work.
    Windows 95: Here's the report I got from a fellow reader.
         From: oskar@surfchem.kth.se
         ...You mention that you don't have any further details whether it
         runs under Windows 95 or not. It does run fine under Windows 95
         build 490c which is a release that's later than the final beta.
         Just make sure that the DOS-Window you start don't notice that it
         is running under Windows. There is a check box under Properties
         for the Xcom2 shortcut. It seems that the game slows down
         occasionaly but that might be a problem on other computers as
         well, I don't know.
    OS/2: There appears to be a problem with the intro running under OS/2.
    The following is from another reader...
         From: Decio Trinca MC5908@MCLink.it
         Thanks for the answer but it seems I solved the problem ... I
         changed the IRQ number in the Sound Blaster Pro settings of the
         setup program and now it crashes only one every twenty-thirty
         times I run the program. To avoid crashing I soon skip the
         presentation with the esc key and the game never locks up: the
         settings I'm using are the default for a dos session I have
         increased only the dpmi memory and nothing more and the game has
         never crashed anymore during playing...
         I'm already Warped and TFTD runs very well crashing only rarely
         and to avoid this I quickly skip with the esc key the intro. I
         have a Sound Blaster Pro Sound Card. I've played the game for
         hours without crashing, in a full screen dos session with the xms
         and ems limits set to 0 and the dpmi limit set to 20, further
         more I've changed only the dos back. exec. to off, the idle
         sensitivity to 100, and the int during io to on. Thank again.
    Other DOS: No compatibility claims was made to any other versions of
    DOS such as DR DOS, Novell DOS 7.
    Other EMM managers: Some have reported problems running with ANY EMM
    manager such as EMM386, QEMM, 386MAX, Netroom, etc. For more info, see
    APPENDIX A: Some Troubleshooting. I personally have ran XCOM2 under
    QEMM 7.03/7.04 and 7.51/7.53 with no problems, but I have 16 megs of
    RAM. Your mileage may vary.
    1.2.5     Where can I find a demo?
    There is a playable demo available on most on-line services such as
    America On-Line in the MicroProse forum/ SIG/ roundtable/ whatever. On
    AOL, try Keyword: MicroProse
    For Internet access, try ftp.microprose.com. The URL is:
    1.2.6     What about any bugs? Any patches?
    TFTDV2 patch has been released by MicroProse back in June.
    Some freeze-ups and occasional "blue text bug" has been reported,
    though not as pervasive as XCOM1. Some situation can be caused by
    "hacking" of data files, so keep a backup if you "hack" files!
    If you PERIODICALLY experience blue text bug, disable EMS and optimize
    your memory again. Also try decreasing your SMARTDRV settings. You are
    short on either conventional or extended memory. See [APPENDIX A: Some
    Troubleshooting] for more help.
    1.3  What's the difference between XCOM1 and XCOM2?
    Quite a few... Here's a list:
           Most battles are underwater -- And it LOOKS underwater too!
           Shots trail bubbles. Aquanauts "leaks" air bubbles, etc.
           Unfortunately there are no fish, currents, etc.
           More terror sites -- you handle terror sites at ports, resort
           islands, cargo ships, and cruise ships.
           More two-stage missions -- Terror sites are now sometimes two
           stage missions. So are the alien colony attacks and artifact
           site attacks. Also, If you attack UFOs, you may discover an
           alien colony nearby. Also see [Gameplay bugs/gripes].
           Your weapons are punier -- Your guns and rifles carry smaller
           magazines, and are really puny at first. Better research some
           better weapons fast... Some weapons also ONLY work underwater.
           Hand-to-hand weapons -- Vibroblade, Thermic Lance, and Heavy
           Thermic Lance are CONTACT weapons, very useful, require
           completely new tactics
           Zrbite is more plentiful -- It's easier to find more Zrbite in
           TFTD than Elerium in XCOM.
           Terrain has more corners and cubbyholes -- Which also makes
           game harder since aliens have more places to hide
           Aliens are smarter and tougher! -- They use grenades and
           disruptor torpedoes (i.e. blaster bombs) more effectively now,
           not to mention harder to kill
           Research is different -- Research tree is really weird now...
           Research lots of dead bodies and live aliens for advances. You
           also need a certain artifact to continue your research
    1.4  Gameplay bugs/gripes
    1.4.1     GRIPE: It doesn't FEEL underwater
    Ever tried throwing ANYTHING underwater? Try tossing a grenade
    underwater in XCOM2. You'll be AMAZED.
    1.4.2     BUG: Two-stage missions item losses
    In two-stage missions, all aliens stunned from the first part are
    counted as DEAD. Any items not carried on the soldiers are NOT
    available in the second part.
    This is a bug since 1) it was not like this in XCOM1, at Cydonia's
    pyramids. 2) the mission screen says that those items should be
    [Note: partial fix of this problem is in TFTDV2 patch]
    1.4.3     BUG: Underwater Only weapons reaction fire on land
    HydroJet Cannon can only be fired underwater, but when on land, a
    soldier can reaction fire it...
    1.4.4     BUG: Ocassional White/Blue text bug
    This is similar to the "Green Text Bug" in XCOM1, usually related to
    low-memory conditions.
    1.4.5     BUG?: Losing scientists?
    pjuang@hawking.nhgs.tec.va.us wrote:
    I have an odd observation for you on xcom2 tftd. Whenever I "mass
    classified add" hire scientists (i.e. 200 at a time) my lab space goes
    into the negatives (down to -266).   Oddly enough, nothing much
    happens.  But if I try to put more than 265 (out of 350) on a single
    project, the number resets to 0 and I lose those 266 scientists.  Have
    you ever heard of this bug?  Maybe the scientists got a little violent
    in their competition?  (Survival of the fittest at it's finest!)
    1.5  Future of XCOM, and related things
    1.5.1     Any plans on sequels? Mission disks?
    XCOM3 is in the works... See CGW's exclusive interview with Julian
    Gollop, head of Mythos games, designer of XCOM. (http://www.ziff.com,
    look under Computer Gaming World, back issues, April '95) Project
    release date is sometime Christmas 1995 or early 1996. It will feature
    SVGA graphics and a more detailed physical model.
    No mission disk for XCOM 1 or 2 are currently planned.
    1.5.2     Other computers?
    There is current NO PLAN on porting XCOM2 to other computers. If you
    want to see a native version, tell MicroProse. You can try
    If there is one, it'll probably be for the Amiga. There IS an XCOM (or
    UFO, its European name) for Amiga. [Note: XCOM is the current name for
    both Europe and US releases, there is NO UFO2. It's XCOM2.]
    1.5.3     How about XCOM fiction? Can I write my own?
    Here's the official word straight from MicroProse...
         If you are interested in writing fictional stories for X-COM,
         please write a letter which includes a clear outline and proposal
         for our marketing and public relations staff. [see address below]
         Understand that we have an in-house writer (John Possidente), so
         you may want to see what track our stories have taken by looking
         at our WWW page, at
         Although we do our own stories, that is no reason you could not
         submit a story to us.
         Please include a rough outline of your story ideas, and your
         intent for distribution (free, on web page, for money, etc.)
         Tim Patterson, Spectrum HoloByte/MicroProse Software
    1.6  Where can I find XCOM related stuff?
    The MicroProse Homepage is at
    This contains patches, updates, drivers, stories, and more. The
    official ftp archive site is
    The new, improved, and moved UN-official XCOM Archive is at
    It is maintained by Alasdair Allan (aa@frodo.surfchem.kth.se)
    For other cheats and editors, try wuarchive
    Also Happy Puppy's Games Onramp XCOM cheat section
    And, the XCOM Sagas' homepage
    Plus Hakan Tandogan's XCOM: UFO Defense / UFO: Enemy Unknown homepage
    And his XCOM2: Terror from the Deep homepage
    1.7  XCOM General Information FAQ
    Q: With the CD version, how do I do a full install to hard drive?
    A: Run the INSTALL.EXE in the \HARDDISK directory on the CD. Note that
    you will NO LONGER get the full animation intro and finale.
    Q: Where is the TFTDV2 patch?
    A: URL:ftp://ftp.microprose.com/pub/mps-online/new-versions/tftd*
         "Dammit, Kaminski! Find me that alien colony!" Commander Gideon
    vented his frustration, "That thing has been launching raids ALL OVER
    Asia. It can't be that hard to find!"
         Kaminski stood his ground and pointed at the global plot in the
    base commander center. "Sir, I've had Barracudas and Tritons went over
    North China Sea with a fine-tooth comb. It is NOT around Japan or
    Hainan, or Taiwan. A Triton is patrolling India now, but if the
    science boys can finish researching that toy that's supposed to
    intercept alien transmissions I may have a better idea where to look."
         WHOOOOP! WHOOOOP! Red lights started flashing in the command
         "Report!" Gideon snapped.
         "S.O.S. signal sir! S.S.Bavaria, cargo vessel registered to
    Panama, is reported under alien attack. Coordinates..."
         "Launch Team Gold immediately!" Gideon briskly walked out the
    door, pausing in the doorway, "And wake Team Blue now for alert five
         "And where are you going, sir?"
         "To join the fun, Kaminski."
         Gideon's footsteps echoed down the corridor.
    2.1  How is scoring calculated?
    Like XCOM, score is kept for both sides. You get positive score for
         conducting successful research
         capturing and/or killing aliens
         grounding and/or destroying USOs
         destroying alien bases
         capturing alien equipment/artifact
    You get negative score for losing XCOM aquanauts, crafts, SWS, and
    In terms of aliens, capture yields 200% of "killed" points. Of course,
    interrogating the captured aliens also gives points, but only if you
    learned something new.
    In terms of USOs, destruction yields 200% of "shot down" points. Of
    course, if you mount an recovery mission you may get more than the
    points you "lost" by not completely destroying the USO.
    For exact amounts, you need to consult the OSG.
    Aliens score points by
         fly and/or touch down on Earth
         complete a "resource raid" mission
         build alien colony and keep them
         opening up artifact (synomium) sites
         conducting terror raids (terror sites)
         sign pact with your sponsors
    The BIGGEST scores by aliens are "artifact sites" and "terror sites".
    You MUST respond to them.  If you don't they score BIG and may put you
    into the negative range.
    [TRICK] If you don't have soldiers to deal with an artifact site or
    terror site, send ONE soldier in.  Land, then immediately abort the
    mission. You'll lose a couple hundred points, but it's LESS than what
    you would have lost had you not sent ANYONE.
    Your net score is (your_score - alien_score), which is the score you
    see on the monthly performance report (and the graph). The funding
    changes are affected by your total score.
    2.2  How do I win? How do I lose?
    You win by finding the sources of the alien threat and "deal with it"
    once and for all... For some ideas on what the threat is, see H. P.
    Lovecraft's works.
    You can lose by several ways:
         1) You were in debt for over $1,000,000 for two months. Your
         sponsors had had enough of your mismanagement and terminated the
         XCOM project. Earth was conquered by aliens not long after.
         2) You had two consecutive "bad" rating months (big negative
         score), and your sponsors had had enough and terminated XCOM
         project. Just how negative is "bad" depends on your difficulty
         level. For details, you need to see the OSG.
         3) You lost all of your bases to the aliens.
         4) UNCONFIRMED: You lost a certain number of sponsor to alien
         infiltration. (not sure of exact number, maybe all? All but one?)
         5) You failed to destroy T'Leth after sending out the expedition.
         You only get one chance.
    2.3  Bases
    2.3.1     Where should I put my first base? Later?
    Remember that your bases now MUST be underwater, which limits your
    Second, your first base has only 1 standard sonar, and even if you
    start adding to it right away, you are STILL stuck with that sonar for
    almost a whole month. You HAVE to pick a good start, or you won't
    detect any USOs at all!
    There are several things to consider while placing your first base.
    Keep in mind that your first base will be your only base for a while,
    so make sure you place it where you get maximum coverage of the
    sponsors, who also pays the most. The problem is how to maximize the
    country coverage WHILE maximizing the covered countries' total
    payment. Therefore, any spot can cover multiple sponsors is good.
    We know that the US pays the most (always), so a base near US is
    usually a good idea. Eastern US seaboard, near Georgia, is good that
    it can also cover parts of Eastern Canada.
    Other good spots include:
         Eastern Africa (covers Egyptian Cartel, Arabian Bloc, and
         possibly Asian Coalition)
         Western India (covers Asian Coalition and maybe Arabian Bloc)
         Japan (covers Neo-Japan, Federation of Korea, and Free China)
         Mediterranean (covers Euro-Syndicate and Egyptian Cartel)
    2.3.2     How should I name my bases?
    I personally name bases based on the ocean they are in, plus the COM
    suffix (stands for Command). Ex: PacCom (Pacific), AtlanCom
    (Atlantic), IndCom (Indian), etc. If there are more than one, one gets
    Nor (North), Sou (South), etc. prefixes.
    Naming bases is important because it means less confusion on the
    Intercept screen on choosing which base to launch the fighters and
    transports. Launching from the wrong one means the craft will not get
    there in time, run out of fuel before getting there (never get there
    since it will come back first), etc. This is important since XCOM2
    crafts have shorter ranges than XCOM1.
    2.3.3     What should I add to my base at first? Later?
    Initial modifications you need for the main base are: alien
    containment (prisoners), general stores (ammo and captured artifacts),
    and wide array sonar (detection), preferably in that order.
    Keep in mind that the initial base is PRACTICALLY undefendable. If you
    have the money and the inclination to fix it, build a sub pen between
    to two southern sub pens first, then dismantle the north one, then
    dismantle the modules linking the sub pens to the base until only the
    airlock is left, then build to the empty space to the north.
    Alien containment is first since it takes longer to construct, and you
    already have some storage space for the captured artifacts. Besides, a
    "general stores" module only takes 10 days.
    Later, with more money, add labs, living quarters, workshops, and
    defense, in approximately that order.
    Defenses comes last usually since you can defend with aquanauts and
    SWSs. Of course, don't clog up the items list.
    Note: According to the TFTD:OSG, the 80-item limit has been expanded
    to 110 items, also there's a predetermined list of items you will get
    during base defense, so you should not see any more "50 flares and
    clips but no guns" scenarios.
    If you have lots of money and the necessary techs to build a craft,
    try to keep an sub pen available,
    2.3.4     What types of bases should I build?
    I use about 5 types of bases. You can "grow" from one to another, but
    usually finances will limit your growth.
    Some players prefer to have 2-3 large multi-purpose bases rather than
    6-7 specialized bases. Both strategies can work, and I don't recommend
    one or the other.
       Sensor/Sonar Base
    This is also known as a "listening post" to some players.
    The sonar base just have sonars, and later, Transmission Resolvers.
    Remember to put in a storage space (for SWSs and their ammo) and a
    living quarter (for expansion and a few aquanauts as guards). Stock it
    with a SWS and a few aquanauts for defense, add one defense station
    when you can afford it.
    Transmission Resolver detects 100% of alien traffic in the effective
    range, which is slightly farther than Wide Array Sonar. Once you have
    Transmission Resolver, you don't need sonars at the same base any
    more. This also allows you to put up more and cheaper sonar bases.
       Intercept Base
    Intercept Base is a Sonar Base with a hangar housing a fighter sub or
    two such as Barracuda or Manta. Watch the storage space since fighter
    subs need its own weapons and ammo. Add one if needed.
    Consider adding defense now (or assign more guards and SWS) since
    aliens may get mad seeing their USOs getting destroyed in your area.
       Strike Base
    Strike Base is an Intercept Base with a second hangar housing a
    transport. Remember to add alien containment (prisoners) and storage
    (weapons and ammo, plus loot) when needed. Remember to transfer the
    artifacts to a research base after the mission!
    Consider adding more defense, esp. when the aliens will get really mad
    as you attack more of their USOs and/or bases in the area.
       Command Base
    Your primary base, probably your also your first base, contains
    EVERYTHING; workshop, laboratory, defenses, sonars, sub pens, etc. A
    little too many eggs in one basket if you ask me...  But usually
    you're too busy to build the REALLY specialized bases. So if defended
    successfully, this type of base is perfectly adequate of erasing alien
    presence from Earth.
       Research/Manufacture Base
    A base should specialize in either research or manufacture, not both
    (doing so is putting too many eggs in one basket). Add living quarters
    and either workshop or laboratory as needed. Manufacture base needs
    more storage space or an empty hangar (if building crafts) so make
    sure you have enough or use TRANSFER a lot.
    You shouldn't have to build a lot of defenses here, esp. if you build
    the next variant.
       Special Research/Manufacture Base
    USOs will start looking for your base if their brethren keeps getting
    attacked and destroyed in the area. If you build a base at North or
    South pole, and wait until USOs enter a different zone before
    attacking them, you can keep a base pretty safe. Many people have
    employed this tactic and it seems to work quite well. This is also
    great for MC labs location, for your aquanaut's MC training.
       Sample Manufacturing base by Jim Vieira
    Jim had designed a NICE manufacturing base that is easy to build. Of
    course, he didn't put in any defenses... But you can drop a workshop
    and/or a living quarters for defenses.
         From: jayden@earth.execpc.com (Jim Vieira)
         In my current game I decided to build a base strictly dedicated
         to manufacture. Both to make money from selling goods and to
         relieve the load on my other bases. I also wanted something of a
         Here's how I have laid it out:
                                 X- Airlock
         SWWWWW                  S- General Stores
         SWWrRL                  W- Workshops
         SLLLLL                  L- Living quarters
         S.....                  r- Sonar (to be replaced soon)
         SXHHHH                  R- Wide Sonar (trans.resolver soon)
         S.HHHH                  H- Sub pen
                                 .- open space
         The layout was based on strategic designs from the XCOM USG. [See
         next section] The sub pens have no craft. Their purpose is for
         building craft. The General stores take only 10 days, so they
         were the best choice for that long hallway. I wanted to get this
         base up and running very quickly.
         As you can see this layout gives me 350 workshops, 300 living
         quarters, and 300 stores. I wanted to go more but I have heard
         you can only have 255 of any given worker type (soldier,
         scientist, engineer). So with 300 living quarters, I can fit 250
         engineers and a small 'strike' squad to defend the base. The 350
         workshops gives me extra room for projects that require space.
    2.3.5     How do I design a easy to defend base?
    MPS appear to have gave aliens an extra turn to deploy before allowing
    your soldiers to move, when compared to XCOM. Therefore you will find
    aliens in modules adjacent to airlocks and sub pens, but these base
    building hints are still valid.
            XXXXXX    This base has only ONE access point: by the lift.
            X.XXXX    Any other way (such as through the hangar) actually
            X.XXXX    takes LONGER. And the long corridor spanning FOUR
            A.....    sections makes EXCELLENT choke points and impromptu
            HHHHHH    minefields with par.dis. grenades are great for
            HHHHHH    defense in this kind of situations. If you don't
                      need three hangars, you can trade the right one for
            XXXXXX    three more structures down the right side.
            X.XXXX    Basically, put the access lift off to one side of
            A....X    the map and try to isolate that and hangars from the
            HHHH.X    rest of the base. This should ALWAYS be the primary
            HHHH.X    base design principle you use...
    There is one catch: sometimes, there's a bug in the game that
    eliminates some doors that leads you to the rest of the base. Without
    grenades and heavy weapons to "dig", you can't kill the aliens in the
    other section and thus cannot finish the battle at all.
    [Note: If any of you has the TFTD:OSG, compare this section with the
    OSG section on the same topic, pg 80-82. Notice any similarities?]
    2.3.6     How should I defend a base?
    Defending a base against alien raids is tough. Fortunately, unless you
    are doing terribly well, aliens usually don't bother your bases for a
    while. But near the end, alien battleships and dreadnoughts will come
    after your bases, then you have a problem...
    To defend against that, you need a high defense rating. I don't know
    how much is enough yet, but I would suspect about 3000, which is what
    I recommended for XCOM1. That rating should be able to destroy over
    90% of incoming dreadnaughts.
    On the other hand, if you don't have fighter subs to fight off large
    USOs, you may want to let it land and take it out in water (i.e. at
    your base). Remember you will see A LOT of aliens on a base raid, I
    hope you have a lot of USABLE equipment.
    Small USOs usually scout ahead of the large USOs that will actually
    raid your base. If you can destroy the scout before it detects your
    base, you can prevent the base attack. MC Generator will also decrease
    chances of detection.
    Inventory in transports now are available for base defense. This is
    DIFFERENT from XCOM, in which your transports are yet a separate place
    of storage.
    Particle Displacement Grenades are vital in base defenses. Dump a few
    near entrances and doors, and get ready for the alien death screams.
    Of course, aliens are now tougher...
    Remember that it's now almost impossible to get rid of particle
    displacement grenades once you've thrown them, see the grenades
    section, [Various Grenades and Magna-Pack Explosive]
    2.3.7     Base Management
    Since it takes several weeks before additional modules to the base can
    be brought on-line, you need to build them ahead of time. See the base
    status often to see how full are your facilities getting. If they are
    getting close, start building additional facilities so that they'll be
    ready by the time you need them.
    Watch the STORES list to note which items takes up the most space.
    Those numbers may come in handy when you run out of space and have to
    conduct a sale of existing inventory.
    Examine "Monthyly Costs" several times a month. One possible end to
    the game is overextending yourself financially, and keeping track of
    your expenses before the end of the month to make sure you have enough
    cash to cover them all is important.
    Examine base information screen at least twice every month, check
    living quarters, workshops and labs, etc., and determine your
    expansion schedule. See above. Dismantle extra stuff before end of
    month so you don't pay maintenance on them.
    This screen also gives you "utilization ratio".  You want to keep
    everyone "in use" as not to pay "idle" salaries. If a lot of your
    scientists or technicians are sitting idle, something is wrong, and
    you better deal with it.
    Hire engineers and scientists at the very end of the month so that
    they get delivered early NEXT month, so you get maximum research from
    them while not paying an extra penny in salary. If you fire then, do
    it BEFORE end of the month.
    2.3.8     Base modules
    Name                Days  Cost  Mant  Remark
    Airlock              1    300k   4k   Entrance to floating base
    Alien Containment   18    400k   15k  Holds 10 aliens TYPES
    Bombardment Shield  38    1200k  15k  Gives defense an extra shot
    Gauss Defense       24    400k   10k  Def value 600, Accuracy 60%
    General Stores      10    150k   5k   Holds 50 units of equip. (2)
    Laboratory          26    750k   30k  Allows 50 research
    Living Quarters     16    400k   10k  Sleeps 50
    M. C. Generator     33    1300K  5K   Makes base harder to find
    M. C. Lab           24    750k   16k  For troop MC training
    P. W. T. Defense    34    800k   14k  Def value 1200, Accuracy 80%
    Sonar Array         12    500k   10k  500 nm rng, 5% detect/10 mins
    Sonic Defense       34    600k   12k  Def value 900, Accuracy 70%
    Sub Pen             25    200k   25k  Maintains 1 craft
    Torpedo Defense     16    200k   5k   Def value 500, Accuracy 50%
    Trans. Resolver     26    1400k  30k  Evaluate USO missions
    Wide Sonar Array    25    800k   15k  750 nm rng, 5% detect/10 mins
    Workshop            32    800k   35k  Allows 50 manufacture (1)
    (1) In a workshop, the object being manufactured takes up some space.
    So you will not be able to cram all 50 technicians in there.
    (2) For exact composition, see [base information]>>[stores]
    NOTE 1: Defenses are noticeably cheaper to build in XCOM2
    NOTE 2: You can dismantle a facility, even when it is under
    construction. Simply click on the facility, and the program will ask
    you do you wish to dismantle it, select OK
    NOTE 3: To dismantle a base, you must remove all facilities
    (transferring all people and equipment elsewhere if needed) then
    finally remove the airlock itself.
    NOTE 4: Transmission Resolver outranges Wide Array Sonar, and is 100%
    effective in detection.
    2.4  Finding Alien Colonies
    Finding alien colonies is the first step to win the second Alien War,
    so find those critters' home or else...
    Of course, you do NOT have to take out that colony... You go after the
    supply subs instead, repeat as needed. Gain a few million bucks of
    loot if you can pull off the raid successfully.
    2.4.1     XCOM Agents
    XCOM agents have a chance of finding an alien colony for you, but
    chances are pretty slim. So do not rely on that. Usually the game will
    reveal an alien colony only if you did VERY VERY BAD that month.
    2.4.2     Watch the graphs
    Watch for high alien activity (check the graphs) yet no interception:
    there's probably an alien colony in the area.
    Note: alien colonies can be VERY CLOSE to each other, which should be
    a bug, but is not.
    2.4.3     Slow patrol
    Send something slow like a Triton to patrol the area. An empty Triton
    has pretty good range and therefore is good in spotting alien bases.
    2.4.4     Follow Them Home
    Watch USOs, esp. where they land. Trail it and follow it to their
    base. After it lands, patrol nearby and you should see the alien
    colony. If there are multiple subs landing of appearing at the same
    locations, there is probably a base nearby.
    2.4.5     Eavesdrop
    Transmission Resolvers can find USOs on supply runs. Follow that will
    usually lead you to a base. This is a refinement of Follow Them Home.
    2.5  Target Selection
    If several targets presents itself, which one should you attack?  Here
    are some of my general guidelines:
    2.5.1     USOs in flight
    Attack the biggest subs you can handle. Ajax and DUP launchers can
    handle small, MAYBE medium USOs. Sonic Oscillators and PWT Torpedoes
    are needed for the very large and huge USOs.
    Launch from the closest base FROM USO'S INTENDED TARGET if it is known
    or can be deduced from its path. Launching from the closest base at
    the time of contact will result in a tail chase, resulting frequently
    in lost tracking and waste of fuel and time.
    If the landing site is on the dark side (i.e. night), you may want to
    patrol nearby and wait for light. Of course, in the meanwhile the
    landed USO may take off again.
    Keep a fighter sub on top of a landed USO in case it takes off before
    your transport sub can get to it.
    2.5.2     Downed/Landed USOs
    [Downed = shot down, Landed = landed by itself]
    Attack the biggest USO you can handle. (How many times did I say
    that?) Don't bother attacking battleships and dreadnoughts before
    getting MC
    Larger subs have more aliens and more artifacts to recover, so risk
    and reward are proportional.
    If you have a choice, attack a landed USO instead of a shot-down USO.
    Landed subs are undamaged and therefore have more artifacts (plus
    Zrbite). Of course, it also has more enemies.
    Some veterans have reported that they can finish game faster by
    attacking landed subs only. While score may not be as spectacular,
    they also have less risk of retaliation and can get more research done
    and have more money (from the extra booty).
    Try not to follow an USOs around with a loaded transport (with
    soldiers and equipment) unless it's a Triton. The transport is wasting
    fuel and time and it may not have enough endurance to finish the race
    and thus not able to respond to a different emergency (such as a
    terror or artifact site suddenly popping up elsewhere)
    2.5.3     Terror sites and Artifact sites
    Attack one ASAP, no exceptions. Divert from other subs or base attacks
    if necessary. The penalty for ignoring a terror site is simply too
    large to ignore, and can cause loss of sponsors.
    A site will NOT disappear if you have a ship en route to it. I've been
    told by reliable source (Jeff, that is) that he was able to keep a
    terror site on the map for three days until he got bored by keep
    targeting it with Tritons. :-)
    Some terror sites are now "long missions" (two-parter), so take along
    LOTS of reloads... Or grab every alien ammo you can. (One more reason
    to research fast and furious, so you can use alien weapons)
    2.5.4     Alien colonies
    Depending on your soldiers, you should attack an alien colony as soon
    as you are able to (don't take rookies) or people have low MC ability
    or bravery.
    According to some reports, a "newly established" alien colony is NOT
    as well defended as an "well established" one.
    You may want to consider leaving an alien colony alone nearby so you
    can keep attacking the supply subs that drops by. Just make sure you
    can handle the subs AND possible alien retaliation.
    On the other hand... Aliens build colonies like CRAZY in XCOM2. They
    build MORE THAN ONE PER MONTH, almost geometric growth!  You have to
    take out a few or else...
    (I have a saved game where there's OVER TWENTY alien colonies on the
    map, and I kill at least two a month...)
    Alien colonies are A LOT TOUGHER in XCOM2. It's a "two-parter",
    meaning you have to fight your way INTO the base, then fight to
    destroy the heart of the base. You'll see LOTS of enemies, including
    the really deadly ones. Take no mercy... No stun weapons, at least in
    first half.
    See [Colony assaults] for more information.
    2.6  GeoScape Tricks and Tips
    Many people don't realize that click on the USO's icon will bring up
    all known info about the USO, even crashed ones. If you detected it
    via Transmission Resolver, you'll know A LOT about it.
    USO crash sites usually disappear in a few days. If you have no
    soldiers available, you can let it sit for a day or two.
    Landed subs will take off in a few hours (less than a day).
    Terror Sites disappear in less than a day (which mean you have to get
    to one ASAP, even if it means skipping subs and landing at night!) On
    the other hand, you can keep terror sites on the map if you can keep
    it targeted by a craft, any craft. If you have several Tritons, you
    can probably keep it targeted almost indefinitely, and it will not
    disappear! Or use one of those "no-fuel" crafts.  See [Unlimited fuel
    craft cheat (built-in)].
    UNCONFIRMED: There appears to be a bug that if you went into a non-
    terror battle while the terror site is on the map, when you come back
    from battle the terror site will have disappeared.
    2.7  GeoScape FAQ
    Q: Can I dismantle a base?
    A: To dismantle a base, you must remove all facilities (transferring
    all people and equipment elsewhere if needed) then finally remove the
    airlock itself.
    Q: Do I need sonar modules if I have Transmission Resolver?
    A: No. Transmission Resolver outranges even Wide Array Sonar, and is
    100% effective in detection. You need NO SONARS if you have a
    Transmission Resolver.
         "Beta-One, your target is at bearing 335, 150 klicks, little
    low." AtlanCom's combat controller said, "Should be coming onto your
    scope any second now. Beta-Two is enroute, ETA 2 minutes."
         "Tally-ho, AtlanCom, going Judy," Barracuda's pilot replied. He
    has sighted the target and is taking over the intercept, "arming
    DUPpers." Circuits started to feed target information into the twin
    Depleted Uranium Pellet Torpedo launchers nested under the fuselage.
         "Target large sized, AtlanCom, continue closing to firing range.
    I see three levels on this baby, haven't seen this one before."
         "Proceed with caution, Beta-One."
         "Don't I always, AtlanCom?" Beta-One's pilot chuckled. "Entering
    firing range in five seconds. Four. Three. Two. One...  Firing!"
         Two rocket-propelled torpedoes dropped free of the launcher, and
    their motors ignited two seconds later, charging toward their target.
    They connected five seconds later, and explosion was visible even at
    this distance. Alien modules fell out through the tear in the hull,
    and Beta-One swerved to avoid the debris.
         "Firing again... He's returning fire! Evading...<static>"
         "Atlancom to Beta-One. Beta-One, please reply..."
    3.1  XCOM Crafts
    XCOM crafts are divided into two classes: conventional, and advanced.
    Conventional crafts are based on "normal" Earth technology, while
    advanced crafts are based on captured alien technology and components.
    There is no "ideal craft", though the Leviathan comes close. As in a
    navy, you probably need a "mixed fleet" of crafts in your war against
    the aliens.
    3.1.1     XCOM Craft Summary Chart
                   Speed Accel  Fuel     Wpn   Hull Cargo  SWS
    Triton          790   2     1400      0    160   14     3
    Barracuda      2400   3      800      2    120    0     0
    ----Research required----
    Manta          4600  10   30(Z) 6?    2    400    0     0
    Hammerhead     4030   9   60(Z)12?    1    960   12     0
    Leviathan      5400   9   50(Z)10?    2   1250   26     4
         (Z) Uses Zrbite for fuel
         Speed : maximum speed of craft, determines if it can keep up
                 with subs during interception.
         Accel : maximum acceleration of craft, determines whether subs
                 will stay in range
         Fuel  : amount of fuel carried, determines endurance
         Wpn   : number of weapon pod mounts available
         Hull  : amount of damage the craft can take
         Cargo : number of "spaces" craft can carry. Each soldier is one
                 space and each SWS is four spaces
         SWSs  : maximum number of SWS this craft can carry.
         NOTE: in Fuel, 30(Z) 6?  means 30 units of fuel (from UFOpedia,
              Zrbite), and 6?  means estimated Zrbite units used.
    3.1.2     Triton
    Pro> always available
         use regular fuel
         very long range
    Con> no weapons
         easily destroyed
         VERY slow
         requires monthly lease
    Recommendation> This transport should be okay for most purposes, since
    10+1 is a normal assault configuration and enough for most purposes.
    On BIG jobs you may want to send a Hammerhead or Leviathan, of course.
    Trick> Consider intercepting an USO with it.  Without weapons, it will
    just follow the USO around until the USO lands, then the Triton lands
    on top of it and starts assault immediately.
    3.1.3     Barracuda
    Pro> 2 weapon pods
         always available
         use regular fuel
    Con> easily destroyed (esp. by large USOs)
         slow (cannot catch smaller USOs)
         requires monthly lease
    Recommendation> Keep one around for the "easy" targets
    3.1.4     Hammerhead
    Pro> faster and takes more punishment than Barracuda
         no monthly lease since it was built by XCOM
    Con> Only 1 weapon pod
         large initial expense due to construction
         needs Zrbite for fuel
         cannot carry SWS
    Recommendation> You really need the Manta instead for intercept jobs.
    As a transport, the lack of SWS can be crippling earlier in the game,
    but later in the game, when soldiers are more powerful, Hammerhead may
    be useful.
    3.1.5     Manta
    Pro> Next fastest sub (to Leviathan)
         2 weapon pods
         it is rather cheap as an advanced sub
         no monthly lease since it was built by XCOM
    Con> Large initial expense due to construction
         needs Zrbite for fuel
         horrible range
         cannot stand alone against the largest USOs
    Recommmendation> Send a pair or more against the largest USOs, a
    single against smaller targets. This should be your primary
    interceptor at all times, with maybe a Barracuda or two as backup.
    Make sure you launch from closest base...
    3.1.6     Leviathan
    Pro> fastest XCOM sub (keep up with anything!)
         huge damage capacity (can stand up to the largest USOs)
         2 weapon pods
         holds plenty of Aquanauts and SWSs
         can go to any depth
         the only vehicle that can take you to T'Leth
    Con> VERY EXPENSIVE (including construction costs and materials)
         lots of eggs in one basket if aliens bag one of these
         needs lots of Zrbite for fuel
    Recommendation> You only need one (maybe two) of these, and reserve
    them for anti-battleship or -dreadnaught missions, and the final
    assault. Send Tritons on other missions instead.
    3.2  Target Selection for USOs in transit
    Attack the biggest USO you can handle, and that depends on the weapons
    you have on the crafts.
    Ajax and DUP launchers can handle small, MAYBE medium USOs (expect to
    take some damage). Sonic Oscillators and PWT Torpedoes are needed for
    the very large and huge USOs, and even then you need something that
    can stand up to a few hits, and that means at least Mantas.
    Launch from the closest base FROM USO'S INTENDED TARGET if it is known
    or can be deduced from its path. Launching from the closest base at
    the time of contact will result in a tail chase, resulting frequently
    in lost tracking and waste of fuel and time.
    If the landing site is on the dark side (i.e. night), you may want to
    patrol nearby and wait for light. Of course, in the meanwhile the
    landed USO may take off again.
    Keep a fighter sub on top of a landed USO in case it takes off before
    your transport sub can get to it.
    3.3  USO Attack methods
    Once you got a fighter sub in range of the USO, it's time to attack.
    Here's what different attacks mean, according to me:
         Cautious Attack: causes least damage per attack but remains at
         the longest range and therefore has the least chance of getting
         counter-attacked. Cautious attack is useful when you want a not
         too badly damaged USO (just enough to "sink" it) and your weapon
         outrange the USO's.
         Normal Attack: average damage per attack, close at steady rate,
         enough for most attacks if your weapon outranges the USOs. Normal
         attack is useful as a general purpose attack. [Interestingly, the
         OSG claims that Cautious Attack is virtually identical to Normal
         attack, only in that Cautious attack attempts to use the longest-
         ranged weapon first, while normal attack just shoot in range]
         Aggressive Attack: close to point-blank and let them have it in
         the face! Causes the most damage per attack, but exposes craft to
         counter-fire. Aggressive attack is good for brave/suicidal
         charges (toward an alien battleship or dreadnought, for
         instance). You want maximum amount of damage done in the short
         time the fighter sub may live under fire, so aggressive it is.
    3.4  Multiple interceptors
    You can send multiple fighter subs to intercept a single USO. In fact,
    you should do so when intercepting large or very large USOs before you
    develope the Leviathan (which can take the damage). It is the ONLY way
    to keep your fighter subs alive against superior enemy firepower.
    You can launch up to FOUR fighter subs at a single target. Just pick
    the same USO as the target. As each get within range, they will hang
    back, and each will get its own intercept windows. When all four shows
    intercept, select attack on each one.
    The USO is stupid in that it divides fire among the fighter subs you
    send. So while you double/triple/quadruple the firepower you brought
    to bear, each of your fighter subs will receive half/one third/one
    fourth of the damage it would receive had it attacked alone.
    3.5  Craft Weapons
    These weapons ONLY work underwater. If your fighter subs managed to
    intercept an USO in the air, weapons are useless. You'll have to wait
    until the USO re-enters water.
                           Damage  Range   Accuracy   Reload  Shots
    Craft Gas Cannon         15      8       25%       3s      200
    Ajax torpedo             60     32       70%      17s        6
    D. U. P torpedo         110     50       80%      21s        3
    ----Research required------------------------------------------
    Craft Gauss Cannon       90     20       35%       4s       50?
    Sonic Oscillator        150     55       50%       5s       99
    P. W. T. Launcher       200     60      100%      28s        3
         Damage    damage done to target if hit
         Range     max range of weapon, Kilometers
         Accuracy  hit probability when fired
         Reload    seconds needed to fire next shot
         Shots     number of shots available
    Note: some of the descriptions below may differ from those that
    appeared in the game and the OSG as well. Tell me if mine makes more
    sense. :-)
    Craft Gas Cannon: large version of the gas cannon carried by
    Aquanauts, this one uses gas pressure to shoot armor piercing bolts.
    It is fast loading, but it causes very little damage. You need
    something with more PK (probability of kill) than this.
    Ajax Torpedo: high-speed torpedo for underwater use, carries explosive
    warhead, uses water pressure for the hull cracking. Okay for early
    use, but won't work against medium USOs.
    D.U.P. Torpedo Launcher: new type of torpedo with a ultra-dense
    depleted uranium pellet as an armor piercing nose cap backed by hi-
    tech explosive BEHIND the cap that explodes AFTER the penetration,
    causes 90% more damage than Ajax torpedo, but only three shots per
    launcher instead of 6 of Ajax.
    Craft Gauss Cannon: extension of the hand-held gauss weapons, this one
    uses super-conducting technology to create a heavy gauss field, which
    is used to guide a particle stream onto the target. Unlike laser, this
    "gauss beam" is NOT attenuated heavily by water.  Unfortunately, this
    weapon is NOT very accurate at craft fighting range, and overall is
    not that much more effective than the Ajax torpedo.  On the other
    hand, this is a DEFINITE money maker. See [What do I manufacture to
    make more money?]
    Sonic Oscillator: extension of the alien "sonic" technology, which
    uses an energy field to guide a high-frequency resonance-inducing
    sonic wave onto the target, causing molecular disruption, sonic
    oscillator is probably the best craft weapon, and has a huge ammo
    capacity of 100 shots.
    Pulse Wave Torpedo Cannon: the ultimate synthesis of Terran and alien
    technology, this one combines a radiation seeker, Zrbite based "pulse
    wave displacement" propulsion for incredible underwater speed,
    depleted uranium pellet for target armor piercing, and Zrbite-based
    explosive for the biggest bang of any XCOM craft weapon. On the other
    hand, you can only carry three torpedoes per launcher, and they cost a
    lot, both launcher and ammo.
    3.6  Craft Weapon Notes
    Match the weapon to the target. You want to force the alien to land so
    you can board it and recover artifacts and prisoners, not blow it into
    smithereens (though it might make you feel good)
    Replace Ajax and Craft Gas Cannon with DUP launchers ASAP. They are
    too weak and can only handle SMALL USOs, and they tend to disable
    instead of destroy them instead.
    Gauss cannons are okay but I would wait for Sonic Oscillators
    (equivalent to Plasma Cannon in XCOM, though far less accurate)
    I would not recommend PWT launchers, since, like Fusion Ball Launchers
    of XCOM, they don't cause enough "total" damage. Though if you feel
    like it, arm a craft with 1 PWT and 1 Sonic Oscillator.
    3.7  Special Craft Tactics
    Here's some Tactics and tips from Master XCOM commanders to help you
    get the most out of your crafts.
    3.7.1     Go Home Early
    When you send multiple crafts after one USO and the USO was shot down,
    the shooter will go home, but other crafts will continue onto the
    crash site and THEN return. Instead, click on them and turn them back
    early (Return to base). They will return earlier, thus be refueled and
    rearmed faster for the next mission.
    3.7.2     Keep Landed USOs covered
    Even if the USO landed, keep a fighter sub on top of it until your
    landing craft arrives for the action. That way, if the USO takes off,
    you still have a chance to shoot it down before it escapes.
    3.7.3     Weapon vs. subs analysis
    Before attacking, click on the VIEW subs button to take a look at your
    target before deciding whether to attack or not. Attacking with wrong
    weapons means either the loss of your fighter sub or the USO totally
    destroyed so that nothing can be recovered.
    Corollary: If you WANT to go after the smaller USOs, keep a fighter
    sub around with "wimpy" weapons.
    3.7.4     Unlimited fuel craft cheat (built-in)
    Transfer a Barracuda or Manta to another base. Send it out on patrol
    IMMEDIATELY. Its fuel would be zero, but it will fly, and in fact, it
    will fly FOREVER! If it returned to base, then it must wait to be
    refueled, but then, just transfer it again.
    Using this trick to keep terror site targeted continuously can keep
    the terror site on the map until you can deal with it!
    3.7.5     Don't run away!
    If you use cautious attack with missiles, the alien USO will JUST pull
    out of range as your last salvo is launched. To get that last hit, hit
    aggressive attack BEFORE your last salvo is launched so you get
    closer. This is especially important since the more powerful missiles
    have limited reloads and you can't afford to waste a shot.
    3.8  Interception FAQ
    Q: How do I remove the weapons from a craft I plan to scrap?
    A: You can't. (Arrrggh!) Put the cheapest weapon on it (craft gas
    cannon) and then scrap it
    4.   FINANCE
         "We are WHAT?" Commander Rogers gasped. He had just been promoted
    after the loss of Commander Gideon on that last terror raid, and not
    even before his seat warmed to him did the first crisis hit.
         "I am telling you, commander. We are out of money," the
    accountant stabbed emphatically at the datapad he wielded in front of
    him as if to shield himself from Rogers.
         "Last I checked we had ten mil in the Bank!"
         "Aye, but it's end of the month. Salaries and maintainence to pay
    as always."
         Rogers sank back into his chair. "Great. So what do we do?"
         "Have a sale."
         "You'll be surprised how many people will buy these alien gadgets
    and carcasses you've recovered. I heard they do WEIRD things with the
    alien bodies we dispose of. Ever tried Xarquid sushi?"
         Rogers grimaced and shuddered at the thought.
         The accountant shrugged, "I heard it tastes very good, but any
    way, you brought back a dozen bodies from that last raid, and the lab
    boys only need the two new ones. Sell the rest, plus some of the
    gadgets you found, and we can recover a few mil, especially if you
    want to sell one of those Ion Beam Accelerators. I've heard that quite
    a few corporations are interested in a sample..."
    4.1  What really eats up money at XCOM?
    The answer is: maintenance and salary. If you have 100 scientists,
    their monthly salary is $3 million (!). Add that to your bases, and
    you will go broke pretty quick. Sponsors' money will barely make a
    dent in your expenses, as they only pay you a few million, probably
    not even enough for base maintenance once your base grows.
    Remember that expenses are deducted all at the end of the month. So if
    you don't have enough money in the bank for monthly maintenance, you
    will end the month with a NEGATIVE balance, and two months of >1 mil
    of debt will result in your DISMISSAL as XCOM commander!
    4.2  How do I earn more money?
    Three (real) ways to make money in XCOM:
    4.2.1     Make your sponsors happy
    So they will increase their payments? Sure... The problem is: they
    don't pay much to start with, and the increase is just enough to
    sneeze at. Their payments may be enough to buy some ammo and stuff,
    but don't expect much of an increase.
    4.2.2     Manufacture arms for sale
    See [What do I manufacture to make more money?] Craft Gauss Cannon
    takes the top prize as the top TFTD moneymaker, and you are almost
    guaranteed a profit by manufacturing it and selling it.
    4.2.3     Sell captured/surplus equipment
    Most of your money will be made this way. General guidelines:
    Dump off all your obsolete equipment (harpoon rifles when you have
    gauss weapons, etc.)
    Dump off all your surplus equipment. (You will usually end with plenty
    of surplus sonic cannons, etc., and those fetch very good prices on
    the market.)
    [Trick] once the research has started on the item, you can sell the
    item for more money.
    Dump the Alien equipment too. "Alien Cryogenics", "Alien Cloning",
    etc., are just research items, so dump them ASAP and research them
    when you have time and extra money.
    Alien corpses, yuck.  All that green blood ice in the freezers. Sell
    them all, as they keep accumulating after each mission. Just kinda
    makes you wonder what do people DO with those bodies...
    Alien sub components such as "magnetic navigation" and "ion beam
    accelerator" fetch good prices. Since you usually have a surplus of
    them not needed for your sub construction, sell them and use the money
    on something else. (Aqua Plastic and Zrbite should NOT be sold as they
    are used in almost everything, and Zrbite must be captured)
    Doing all these also means you need less storage space (and less
    maintenance). Keep only one item of each type for research, sell the
    rest. You need the money and the space for more useful stuff.
    Consider keeping an alien colony around so you can keep raiding its
    supply USOs. It's a good training ground for rookies too.
    4.2.4     As a last resort...
    You can always cheat. See [The "Transfer Salary Savings" ].
    4.3  How do I cut expenses?
    Many many ways. Just like governments find ways to cut meat from their
    budget, you will find where to cut your expenses.
    4.3.1     Cut Maintenance
    Dismantle any unused facility. Here are some things to look for:
         Transmission resolver detects 100% of USOs in range, so get rid
         of all sonars once you have one. (Also use the chance to
         rearrange the base into something defensible...)
         You don't EVER need more than one Alien Containment module. See
         [Special notes on Alien Containment Facility].
         Don't have too many "general stores" modules. ALWAYS sell the
         excess stuff so you don't need to build extras.
         Replace defenses ASAP. One of the latest defenses is often worth
         two or more of the older ones.
    4.3.2     Build your own crafts
    Tritons and Barracudas have a monthly rental fee, XCOM crafts do not.
    Of course, this means you have to research subs construction and
    things and spend money to build them, but their advanced capabilities
    such as ability to take more damage is worth it.
    On the other hand, Tritons and Barracudas don't use Zrbite... So you
    may want to keep a few around, in case you run short on those.
    4.3.3     Minimize salary
    Legally: Minimizing the people XCOM employ.
    Illegally: use the salary transfer cheat!
    Except for the base garrison, all aquanauts should be assigned to a
    transport sub, and be ready to go at a moment's notice. Any unassigned
    aquanauts not needed for base garrison should be transfered to another
    base and put to use, or be sacked.
    Consider sacking the "wounded", unless their abilities made them worth
    retaining despite the time they will not be available. Yes, it's cold-
    hearted, but such is war.
    Every scientist at every base should be assigned to a project all the
    time. You can check this easily by looking at the Base Information
    Screen. If no projects are available, keep about 20-25 scientists and
    sack the rest. Remember that you can rehire scientists with only a few
    days' delay.
    You should not have more scientists than lab capacity. If you do, sack
    the excess.
    You usually don't ALWAYS build new items, so it is harder to determine
    just how many technicians you should keep during the "down" period. On
    the other hand, most players use the "profitability study" below and
    keep the techs busy building something that will fetch a good price.
    Remember the item being manufactured takes up space in the module, so
    you do NOT need 50 techs per workshop on the base.  I would keep about
    45 per workshop.
    4.3.4     Don't overextend
    Building too many bases is a sure way to early bankruptcy. Pick GOOD
    locations first, then SLOWLY grow them. Do NOT spread all over the
    world immediately. Cocentrate on holding at least ONE part of Earth,
    then spread out cautiously. Overextending yourself is a good way to
    put you in debt.
    4.4  What do I manufacture to make more money?
    TOP SECRET -- XCOM2 Profitability study -- TOP SECRET
    by Kasey Chang   original (XCOM1 version) by Jeff Shaffer
    We assume that you, as XCOM supreme commander, are willing to support
    technicians long-term in order to make a profit. I calculated results
    for a hypothetical 2 workshop operation. You would get slightly better
    results with larger facilities, due to the economy of scale.
    Technician actually costs $25000 a month, and scientist $30000 a
    month. Check your base information screen.
    NOTE: Some numbers are rounded down to nearest 1000 (K) for space
                      Work  Eng  Raw            Sale Unit|Monthly|Net
    Item              Space Hrs  Material Cost Price   P R O F I T
    Par. Disp. Sensor  4     220    -      34K   45K  11K 3765K 1275K
    Medikit            4     420    -      28K   46K  18K 3146K  656K
    M.C. Disruptor     4     500  1Z      160K  194K  29K 4242K 1752K
    Aq.plas. Armor    12     800     4A    22K   54K   6K  491K     -
    Ion armor         16    1000  5Z+5A    42K   85K    -    -      -
    Mag. Ion armor    16    1400 16Z+5A    58K  115K    -    -      -
    Aqua Plastic      10     100    -       3K    6K   3K 2343K    3K
    Gauss Pistol       2     300    -       8K   20K  12K 2916K  376K
    Gauss pistol clip  2      20    -       1K  1050    -
    Gauss Rifle        3     400    -      20K   36K  16K 3049K  534K
    Gauss rifle clip   4      45    -       2K  1950    -
    Heavy gauss        4     700    -      32K   61K  29K 2958K  468K
    Heavy gauss clip   4      70    -       4K  3220    -
    Sonic Pistol       3     600     1A    56K   84K  21K 2586K   71K
    Sonic Pistol Clip  4      60  1Z        2K    4K    -    -      -
    Sonic Blasta Rifle 4     820     1A    88K  126K  32K 2787K  297K
    Blasta Power Clip  4      80  2Z        3K    6K    -    -      -
    Sonic Cannon       4    1000     1A   122K  171K  43K 3078K  588K
    Cannon Power Clip  4      80  3Z        6K    9K    -    -      -
    Dis. Pulse L'cher  5    1200     1A    90K  144K  47K 2797K  332K
    Dis. Pulse ammo    3     220  3Z        8K   17K    -    -      -
    Thermo Shok l'cher 3     900     1A    78K  120K  35K 2846K  331K
    Thermo Shok bomb   2     200  1Z        7K   15K   3K 1166K     -
    Sonic pulser       2     200  2Z        6K   14K    -    -      -
    M.C. Reader        4    1200  1Z      262K  304K  37K 2202K     -
    Ion beam accel.   22    1400 16Z+5A   130K  250K   7K  310K     -
    Mag Navigation    18    1600     3A   150K   80K    -    -      -
    P.W.Torp l'cher    6     400     1A   242K  281K  36K 6294K 3874K
    P.W.T ammo         6     600  4Z       28K   53K   5K  617K     -
    Gauss Craft Cannon 6     300    -     182K  211K  29K 6904K 4434K
    Gauss Cannon ammo  2       5    -      200   200    -    -      -
    Sonic Oscillator   8     500 15Z      226K  267K    -    -      -
    Coelacanth/Gauss  25    1200    -     500K  594K  94K 4371K 2406K
    Displacer/sonic   30    1200 30Z+5A   850K  980K    -    -      -
    Displacer/P.W.T.   0    1400 25Z+8A   900K 1043K    -    -      -
    P.W.T. SWS ammo   25     400  5Z+8A    15K   31K    -    -      -
    The "Unit Profit" column is sale price minus cost, minus the cost of
    any Zrbite/Aqua plastic used in manufacture. A '-' means a net loss,
    no further analysis. Of course, Zrbite is of alien manufacture and can
    be hard to find...
    "Monthly Profit" column is based on an "XCOM Month" of 24*31 = 744
    hours. The calculation is number of technicians that fit in two
    workshops times 744 times unit profit, divided by the hours required
    to make one item. For example, the monthly profit for Motion Scanners
    is 96*744*11600/220 = 1275993 (1275K). Of course, that is not quite
    accurate since TFTD does do months more correctly now (Feb has 28
    days, etc.)
    "Net Profit" column is the bottom line. Monthly expenses are the
    salaries of as many engineers as fit in the workshops times $25K, plus
    the maintenance on 2 workshops and 2 living quarters (70000 monthly).
    (Note I wrote 25K, not 50K as advertised)
    As you can see, Gauss Craft Cannon is the winner, closely edging out
    PWT Launcher. A profit can be made early in the game on particle
    displacement sensors, however.
    One final note: It costs roughly $7M to hire technicians and build the
    facilities, so you'll need to "borrow" some money (preferably from
    alien supply ships :) to get started.
    [Editor's note: don't forget the "transfer salary cheat" below]
    4.5  The "Transfer Salary Savings" cheat
    Have two bases approximately equivalent to each other, like both
    research (or manufacturing), about same living quarters, and
    scientists (or engineers). Just before end of the month (last day,
    last hour), leave only ONE scientist/engineer on the job, and transfer
    the rest to the other base, and do the same on the other base (i.e.
    they swap their contingent). When the end of month comes along,
    NEITHER side has their scientists (engineers) (they are in transit),
    no salary is paid (except for the 2 left behind at each base). If you
    have like 100 scientists moving each way, you save $30,000x100x2 = $6
    4.6  Aliens signed pact with XXX!
    Nothing you can do. One of the Infiltration subs got through and now
    the sponsor stopped paying you. Consensus on the net is you canNOT get
    them back (i.e. nullify the pact).
    If enough sponsors left you, you will probably lose.
    4.7  XCOM Finance FAQ
    Q: Can I get back a sponsor who was infiltrated by aliens and stopped
    funding me?
    A: See [Aliens signed pact with XXX!] above.
    Q: I don't understand the Profit Analysis. What do I need to build to
    make money again?
    A: (sigh) Look at the RIGHTMOST column for the potential profit. See
    the largest number? It corresponds to "Craft Gauss Cannon".
    Q: But I don't have "Craft Gauss Cannon" yet...
    A: Further glance at the RIGHTMOST column shots that Medikit also
    makes some profit, though quite a bit less than CGC.
         "Here we are, _Kommandate_." The Chief Scientist opened the
    airlock with a thumbprint AND a voice ID, and stepped through first.
    Commander Rogers followed, and the door closed. They waited for the
    other side to cycle through.
         "You said you've made some progress?" Commander Rogers asked.
         "Wery important progress, _Kommandante_! It is so good, I vould
    'ave to SHOW you."
         "So please do."
         The air lock cycled through and the scientist lead Rogers to a
    large glass enclosure, surrounded by computer consoles. Inside is a
    captured "Deep One", now dissected and hooked up to a lot of
    electrodes and wires.
         "So? I've seen plenty of these."
         "Ah, but wait, _Kommandante_. Do you recall that we had
    discovered the molecular control dewice within the brain? We have
    finally decoded its control protocol! It is absolutely ingenious how
    they did it, very efficient yet such a high bandvidth!"
         "Get to the point."
         "Ah, yes. Do me a favor. Can you sit down over here? Good. Can
    you put on this helmet for me?"
         "Why me?"
         "Your test scores, _Kommandante_. You have been certified
    compatible with this helmet. Great! Let me turn on the superconductors
    inside... Aha!"
         "This helmet is a neuro-sensing helmet, _Kommandante_. It can
    sense your thoughts. It is connected to the MC transmitter. Just THINK
    moving your right arm, and look ower there..."
         Nothing happened.
         "You must concentrate, harder, _Kommandante_... Your arm is
    heavy, and you must raise it higher... Higher..."
         Behind the protective enclosure, the Deep One is actually slowly
    raising its right arm!
         Rogers slowly moved his hands around, and the Deep One echoed his
         "This is great! But it's a little too big..."
         "Ah, not to worry, _Kommandante_. We are working on a hand
    portable version, with ten times the transmission power, enough to jam
    any molecular circuits the aliens may have!"
    5.1  What should I start researching first?
    Interestingly, you must research something before it can be THROWN.
    I recommend gauss weapons for the starting projects. Dart pistols and
    Jet Harpoons are pitiful against Sonic Blasta Rifles and Sonic Pulsers
    (super grenade) :-P Get gauss pistols and gauss rifles first, ignore
    heavy gauss for now.
    After that, research medikit and all dead bodies you've found so far.
    Medikit allows you to survive any shots that haven't killed you yet
    (since you don't have armor yet), and hopefully you've found a "Deep
    One" corpse, which will allow you to have aqua plastic armor.
    Now you need sonic weapons, and I hope you've captured some by now.
    As for later, you need to capture aliens ASAP. Without captured aliens
    you would have nothing to research, which is VERY BAD.
    Capture would be hard since you don't have enough firepower... Go for
    kills until you nab a couple Thermal Shok Launchers and Thermal Shok
    Bombs, and research them ASAP.
    Ignore the "Alien components" till last. They are "dead-end" items.
    5.2  Overall strategy
    Keep roughly 100-150 scientists in your employment. You need that much
    research to discover things in reasonable time, though you can
    probably get by with 50-75.
    Due to the way research works, concentrate on one project at a time so
    you can start on later topics faster.
    Research prisoners AND dead aliens ASAP. They lead to other techs.
    researching Tasoth Commander will result in NO Leviathan, which means
    you will not be able to finish the game. (interestingly, they don't
    exist in OSG's alien chart)
    Hammerhead is a CRUCIAL point in the research tree.
    5.3  Duplicate Research -- NOT!
    Do NOT have two or more bases research the same thing. Research
    efforts are NOT cumulative.
    Sometimes a captured alien will appear on the list over and over, and
    if you keep researching it, you may spend the time and effort without
    finding anything. Consult the research tree below. Some aliens CAN be
    researched multiple times and yield different results, but others are
    just a waste of time and effort.
    5.4  Research Tree [probably incomplete]
    These research trees are to the best of my knowledge. If you believe I
    have made an error, please document YOUR sequence and submit them to
    me for review...
    The "requirements" are more stringent in XCOM2 for researching items.
    Often you must have items already present to be able research it when
    a breakthrough is made.
    This research tree format was inspired by Roy Indrebo of Norway.
    Tree Format:
    [Research Topic] -> (Manufacturable item) ==>
      <item> -> [Topic 2]
    [Research Topic], when researched, leads to (Manufacturable item).
    Which, with presence of <item>, leads to Topic 2 being available.
     [Gauss Tech] ==>
      [Gauss Pistol] -> (Gauss Pistol)
      [Gauss Pistol Clip] -> (Gauss Pistol Clip) ==>
        [Gauss Rifle] -> (Gauss Rifle)
        [Gauss Rifle Clip] -> (Gauss Rifle Clip) ==>
          [Heavy Gauss] -> (Heavy Gauss)
          [Heavy Gauss Clip] -> (Heavy Gauss Clip) ==>
            [Craft Gauss Cannon] -> (Craft Gauss Cannon)
            [Craft Gauss Cannon Ammo] -> (Craft Gauss Cannon Ammo) ==>
            [Gauss Defense] -> (Gauss Defense)
    [Hammerhead] + [Gauss Cannon] = [Coelacanth/Gauss] ->
    [live alien] -> [Alien Origins]
    [Gillman or ]         V
    [Lobsterman ] -> [The Ultimate Threat] + [Lobsterman Cmdr] -> [T'Leth]
    [Cmdr or Nav]
    [Live Medic] -> [Alien Autopsy Info] (maybe)
    [Live Squad Leader] -> [Alien Origins / Mission Info] (maybe)
    [Live Technician] -> [Alien USO Info] (maybe)
    [Sonic Pulser] -> (Sonic Pulser)
    [Sonic Pistol] -> (Sonic Pistol) -------------\___
    [Sonic Pistol Clip] -> (Sonic Pistol Clip)----/    \
    [Sonic Blasta Rifle] -> (Sonic Blasta Rifle)--\______\__
    [Sonic Rifle Clip] -> (Sonic Rifle Clip)------/      /  |
                                                        /   |
    [Sonic Cannon] -> (Sonic Cannon)--------------\____/    |
    [Sonic Cannon Clip] -> (Sonic Cannon Clip)----/         |
     +-> [Sonic Oscillator] -> (Sonic Oscillator)
     +-> [Sonic Defense] -> (Sonic Defense)
    [Hammerhead] + [Sonic Oscillator] -> (Displacer/Sonic)
    [Thermal Shok Launcher] -> (Thermal Shok Launcher)
    [Thermal Shok Bomb] -> (Thermal Shok Bomb)
    [Live Terrorist] -> [M.C. Lab] ---->  (M.C. Lab)
    [M.C. Reader] ----> [M.C. Reader] ->  (M.C. Reader)
    [Live Tasoth] ----> [M.C. Disruptor]+-> (M.C. Disruptor)
                                    [M.C. Generator] -> (M.C. Generator)
    [Calcinite Corpse] -> [Vibroblade] -> (Vibroblade)
    [Gillman Corpse]----> [Thermic Lance] -> (Thermic Lance)
                          [Heavy Thermic Lance] -> (Heavy Thermic Lance)
    <Zrbite> -> [Zrbite] ==>
    <Disruptor Pulse Launcher> -> [D.P.L] -------> (D.P.L)
    <Disruptor Ammo> -----------> [D.P.L. Ammo] -> (D.P.L.Ammo)
    [D.P.L.] + [D.P.L.Ammo] -> [P.W.T. Launcher] -> (PWT Torpedo)
                                  +--> [PWT Defense] --> (PWT Defense)
    [Hammerhead] + [P.W.T.Launcher] --> [Displacer PWT] -> (Displacer PWT)
    <Deep One corpse> -> [Deep One Corpse] ->
    <aqua plastics> -> [aqua plastics] -> (Aqua plastics)
    [Deep One Corpse] + [Aqua Plastics] -->
         [aqua plastic armor] -> (aqua plastic armor)
    <Ion Beam Accelerators> -> [Ion Beam Accelerators] -> (I.B.A.)
    <Live Deep One> -> [Live Deep One]
    [I.B.A.] + [Aqua Plastic armor] + [Live Deep One] ->
         [Ion Armor] ==> (Ion Armor)
    <Live Lobsterman Nav> -> [Live Lobsterman Nav]
    <Magnetic Navigation> + [Live Lobsterman Nav] ->
         [Magnetic Navigation] -> (Mag Nav)
         [Transmission Resolver]  -> (Transmission Resolver)
    [Mag Nav] + [I.B.A.] -> [Magnetic Ion Armor] -> (Magnetic Ion Armor)
    <Alien Sub construction> + [Zrbite] + [Transmission Resolver] ==>
         [Alien sub construction]
    [I.B.A.] + [Alien Sub Construction] ==>
      [Manta] --> (Manta)
      [Hammerhead] --> (Hammerhead)  * very important!
    [Live Lobsterman Commander] + [Hammerhead] ==>
         [Leviathan] --> (Leviathan)
    Tasoth Commander ->
      T'Leth, the Alien City  (NO Latest Flying Sub!!!!!)
    5.5  Any hints on manufacturing?
    Only manufacture thing that you REALLY need, like crafts, etc. almost
    NEVER manufacture ammo since most require Zrbite, which is always in
    short supply. Captured ammo is much cheaper and don't use your
    precious Zrbite supply.
    OTOH, Zrbite appears to be a bit more plentiful in XCOM2.. . So go
    ahead and make 20 Thermal Shok Bombs for your raids...
    NEVER let any engineers go idle. If you don't need anything built,
    build something that makes money.
    5.6  Research and Manufacturing FAQ
    Q: How do I get...
    A: Please look at the research tree first
    Q: But I can't get...
    A: Are you SURE you got the pre-requisites researched and necesary
    items at the research base?
    Q: What's the maximum scientists/technicians I can have?
    A: 255 of each per base (you maybe able to hire more, but you may run
    into a bug!)
    5.7  Stuff that can be bought, hire, or leased
    These are the stuff you can buy, usually not very interesting or
    useful, but they're all you've got early on.
    Item                Category       Cost     Note
    Aquanaut            Personnel      40000    hiring bonus
    Scientist           Personnel      60000    hiring bonus
    Technician          Personnel      50000    hiring bonus
    Triton              Craft         500000    hiring bonus
    Barracuda           Craft         600000    hiring bonus
    Ajax Torpedo lchr   Craft Weapon   16000    6 rounds
    Ajax Torpedo        Craft Ammo      3000
    D.U.P. Torp lchr    Craft Weapon   17000    2 rounds
    D.U.P. Torpedo      Craft Ammo      9000
    Craft Gas Cannon    Craft Weapon   30000
    Cannon Ammo (x50)   Craft Ammo      1240
    Coelacanth/GC       SWS           420000    30 rounds
    Solid Harp.Bolt     SWS Ammo         200
    Coelacanth/AJT      SWS           480000    8 rounds
    AquaJet Torp        SWS Ammo        3000
    Dart Pistol         Weapon           800    12 rd/clip
    Pistol Clip         Ammo              70
    Jet Harpoon         Weapon          3000    10 rd/clip
    Harpoon pod         Ammo             200
    Gas Cannon          Weapon          6400    6 rd/clip
    GC-AP               Ammo             300
    GC-HE               Ammo             500
    GC-P                Ammo             400
    AquaJet Cannon      Weapon         13500    14 rd/clip
    AC-AP               Ammo             500
    AC-HE               Ammo             700
    AC-P                Ammo             650
    Torpedo Launcher    Weapon          4000
    Small Torp          Ammo             600
    Large Torp          Ammo             900
    Phosphorus Torp     Ammo            1200
    Magna-Blast Grde.   Weapon           300
    Smoke Grenade       Weapon           150
    Par.Disp.Grenade    Weapon           500
    Magna-Pck Explo.    Weapon          1500
    Thermal Tazer       Weapon          1260
    Chemical Flare      Equipment         60
    Personnel have monthly salary of half of hiring bonus
    Craft have month lease payment same as hiring bonus
    5.8  Stuff that must be researched and manufactured
    The "advanced technology" items are much more useful, but most of them
    requires special resources such as Zrbite and Aqua plastics, which
    must be captured (though you can manufacture aqua plastics later).
                         Engr     Workshop           Aqua    Sale
                         Hours   Cost Space Zrbite   Plas.   Price
    Par. Disp. Sensor    220     34k    4     -       -       45600
    Medikit              420     28k    4     -       -       46500
    M.C.Reader          1200    262k    4     1       1      304000
    M. C. Disruptor      500    160k    4     1       -      194700
    Aqua plas.armor      800     22k   12     -       4       54000
    Ion Armor           1000     42k   16     5       5       85000
    Mag. Ion Armor      1400     58k   16    16       5      115000
    Coelacanth/Gauss    1200    500k   25     -       -       59400
    Gauss ammo             ?     200    ?     -       -           ?
    Displacer/Sonic     1200    850k   30    30       5      980000
    Displacer/PWT       1400    900k   30    25       8     1043000
    SWS PWT              400     15k   25     5       8       31500
    Gauss pistol         300      8k    2     -       -       20000
    Gauss pistol clip     20      1k    3     -       -        1050
    Gauss rifle          400     20k    3     -       -       36900
    Gauss rifle clip      45      2k    4     -       -        1950
    Heavy gauss          700     32k    4     -       -       61000
    Heavy gauss clip      70      4K    4     -       -        3220
    Sonic pistol         600     56k    3     -       1       84000
    Sonic pistol clip     60      2k    4     1       -        4440
    Sonic blasta rifle   820     88k    4     -       1      126500
    Blasta power clip     80      3k    4     2       -        6290
    Sonic Cannon        1000    122k    4     -       1      171600
    Cannon power clip     80      6k    4     3       -        9590
    Dis. Pulse l'cher   1200     90k    5     -       1      144000
    Dis. Pulse ammo      220      8k    3     3       -       17028
    Thermo Shok l'cher   900     78k    3     -       1      120000
    Thermo Shok bomb     200      7k    2     1       -       15200
    Sonic Pulser         200     67k    2     2       -       14850
    Vibroblade           150      7k    3     1       -        1500
    Thermic Lance        220     12k    3     2                1800
    Hvy Thermic Lance    300     20k    3     2                2000
    Hammerhead         14000    400k   30     -      65        -*
    Manta              18000    600k   34     -      85        -*
    Leviathan          34000    900k   36     -     120        -**
    [Craft Weapons]
    Gauss cannon         300    182k    6     -       -      211000
    Gauss Ammo             5     200    2     -       -        1012
    Sonic oscillator     500    226k    8    15       -      267300
    P.W.T. launcher      400    242k    6     -       -      281100
    P.W.T. ammo          600     28k    6     4       -       53300
    Aqua plastic         100      3k   10     -       -        6500
    Zrbite ***           ---      --                           5000
    Ion Beam Accel.     1400    130k   22    16       5      250000
    Mag. Navigation     1600    150k   18     -       3       80000
         * needs 1 Ion Beam Accel. + 1 Mag. Navigation
         **needs 2 Ion Beam Accel. + 1 Mag. Navigation
         *** Zrbite can ONLY be captured as parts of sub or base, which
         makes it extremely valuable, so NEVER sell or waste any of it
    6.   THE ALIENS
         "Let's try the basic gestures," the xenologist said.
         The alien contact speciliast looked at the captured alien inside,
    one of those "Gillmen", and shrugged.
         She pointed to herself and said, "I, human."  Then she pointed at
    the alien, "You?"
         The alien just looked at her, and did nothing. In fact, the alien
    looks totally bored. X-rays showed that this alien is female, and
    even the specialist thought she looked BORED.
         The specialist tried again. Nothing.
         The third time she tried it, the alien replied in English.
         "Shut up. You are boring me."
         The xenologist were shocked, then they busily chattered/conferred
    among themselves.
         The specialist was intrigued and asked, "You speak English?"
    According to the files, this specimen was captured not too far from
    Baja California at an alien colony.
         The Gill-women replied easily, "Yes, and the languages known to
    you as French and Chinese." There was no trace of accent.
         "So, you are not...  Alien?"
         "My race originated on this planet, just as yours did."
         "But how? We didn't find..." The specialist spared a glance above
    the alien, where the camera and the microphone are taping down every
    movement and sound. It's time to play the "good cop"...
    6.1  Average Alien Stats on veteran (normal) level
    There's a modifier for the alien stats depending on the difficulty
    level. Veteran level is 100%. Beginner/Experience gets a < 1.0
    modifier, while Genius and Superhuman gets a > 1.0 modifier.
    You can probably figure out the modifier if you play a few games on
    the other levels and compare the numbers you get to this chart.
    Name         Rank   TU   Hl  En  Re  St  FA  TA  F  L/R  B  U
    Aquatoid     Soldr  54   30  90  63  30  52  58  4   3   2  2
                 Ldr    54   35  90  63  30  52  58  4   3   2  2
    MC           Tech   54   35  90  63  30  52  58  4   3   2  2
                 Medic  54   35  90  63  35  52  58  4   3   2  2
    MC           Nav    54   35 100  63  40  52  58  4   3   2  2
    MC           Cmdr   54   35 100  63  40  52  58  4   3   2  2
    GillMan      Soldr  40   45  80  45  47  45  50 15  12  14 12
                 Ldr    45   50  80  45  47  49  54 15  12  14 12
                 Tech   45   55  80  50  50  54  58 15  12  14 12
    MC           Cmdr   50   60  80  53  52  58  65 15  12  14 12
    Tasoth       Soldr  56  125 100  80  70  54  62 20  20  20 10
    MC           Ldr    66  135 100  80  70  65  62 20  20  20 10
    LobsterMan   Soldr  56   90  90  60  70  54  62 20  20  15 10
                 Ldr    66  110  90  65  70  54  62 20  20  15 10
                 Tech   70  115  95  70  70  54  62 20  20  18 10
                 Nav    74  120  95  75  70  54  62 20  20  18 10
                 Cmdr   76  125 100  80  70  54  62 22  22  20 12
    Deep One     Ter    50   35  90  55  40  70  58  8  6    4 12?
    Tricene      Ter    72  158  90  69 120  80  80 120 110 110 8
    Xarquid      Ter F  40  114  80  50  70  65  50 50  50  50  5
    Calcinite    Ter    68   55  96  75 110  74  80 35  35  35 10
    Tentaculat   Ter F  99   96 140  90 100  50  50 35  35  35 10
    Hallucinoid  Ter F  62  120  90  90  90  80  80 35  35  35 25
    Biodrone     Ter F  80  140 120  40 120  90   0 25  15  10  5
    Drone        N/A    40   84 110  40 120   0   0  4   4   4  4
    F = Can fly         MC = can use MC attack
    NOTE 1: you can get info on a particular alien by using a M.C.Reader
    on them. Leaders and commanders are 10 to 20% higher than "regulars",
    and there appears to be random modifiers, depending on rank and
    position. Stats are also higher on higher difficulty levels.
    NOTE 2: higher rank aliens also have higher "intelligence", which
    means they will remember your location longer. Some alien species are
    also more intelligent than others.
    6.2  Alien attack/defense summary
    Alien            Attack          Defend           Vulnerable
    Aquatoid         weapon, MC*                      HTH,SO
    Gillman          weapon, MC*                      SO,HTH
    Lobsterman       weapon, HTH     AP,HE,IC,SO,GA   HTH,stun
    Tasoth           weapon, MC*     IC,AP,GA,HTH     SO,stun
    Calcinite        HTH (claw)      IC,GA,HTH        SO
    Deep One         electric shock  AP,IC,HE,GA      SO,HTH
    BioDrone         sonic beam      GA, IC           HTH**
    Tentaculat       HTH             AP,GA            HE,SO,Stun,HTH
    Triscene         HTH, SO         all except HTH   HTH
    Xarquid          GA, Dye Grenade all exc. HTH,AP  HTH,AP
    Hallucinoid      freeze ray, HTH AP,GA,SO,HTH     IC
    Drone/Zombie     HTH (claw)      MC***            all
    HTH = hand to hand  IC = incendiary/fire     AP = armor piercing
    SO  = sonic         HE = high explosive      GA = gauss
    Alien          alien name
    Attack         attack method
    Defend         resistance to type(s) of attack
    Vulnerable     vulnerable to type(s) of attack
    *    Only on SOME aliens, not all, see 6.1
    **   BioDrone does NOT explode when killed with HTH attack
    ***  Zombie/Drone is virtually immune to XCOM MC attacks
    6.3  Alien Missions
    Alien Probe             survey area for resources
    Alien Interdiction      attack areas to drive out human presence
    Alien Resource Raid     grab for resources
    Alien Infiltration      infiltrate sponsor nations
    Colony expansion        build new colonies
    Surface attack          terror raid
    Floating base attack    attack XCOM base
    Colony Resupply         resupply other colonies from main base
    6.4  Battle Notes on individual aliens
    Kill Tentaculats anywhere. Kill them fast, even if it means wiping out
    any civilians near it. Use all heavy weapons on it freely. You can't
    afford to see any Drones. (At least Drones don't fly...)
    If you are REALLY worried about Tentaculats (or don't want any one die
    without making a kill), have everyone carry a PRIMED grenade around.
    If your soldier got turned into a zombie, or killed, all equipment
    gets dropped, and the grenade should go BOOM at the end of the turn.
    Tentaculats CAN attack "floating" soldiers (via mag. ion armor).
    Lobsterman are more vulnerable to stun weapons than most.
    6.5  USO speed, range, etc.
                        Size  Spd   Dam   Wpwr  Wrng ?km
    Survey Ship         VS    2000    60    0     0    0
    Escort              S     2800   300   30   104   13
    Cruiser             S     2600   300   25   280   35
    Heavy cruiser       M     3800   450   60   160   20
    Hunter              M     4500   500   50   144   18
    Battleship          L     4200  1400  140   400   50
    Dreadnaught         VL    4500  3400  120   480   60
    Flt Supply Cruiser  L     3400  2000   70   304   38
    *    Weapon Range should be divided by 8 for range in KM, see 7.5
    ?    Range in kilometers are estimated based on XCOM1 data, not
    confirmed. Please let me know if this is not correct!
         "All right, aquanauts! Attention!
         "Today is your aptitude test. So far, all of you have received
    XCOM basic training. However, we all know that some of you are better
    at some things than others. As we are about to introduce special
    equipment training, it is time we know what you are REALLY good at.
         "The tests have been uploaded into your desk terminals. Have a
    seat now. You have two hours. The physical test and weapons test is
    scheduled for this afternoon. Tomorrow I will announce the results.
         "Any questions?  Good!  The test starts on my mark...  Now!"
    7.1  Recruiting Aquanauts
    Sack weaklings ASAP. You want high strength, reaction, bravery, and
    shooting accuracy, and when you get MC, MC ability. So recruit lots of
    rookies, use them for scouts (they are cheap when compared to SWSs).
    If they survive, keep them, else, oh, well, they've done the world a
    great service. :-)
    Why those traits? High strength means they can carry more (and
    heavier) stuff. High reaction means they can get opportunity fire
    (reaction shots) while enemy is moving.
    High bravery means they are less susceptible to panic, and shooting
    accuracy is obvious. :-) Other characteristics are not as important.
    7.2  How do I improve soldiers?
    Growth: Try to always take a couple of rookies along to give them
    experience to boost their stats. In XCOM, you learn by doing. Below
    are activities that will improve traits:
    Time Units              Survive, Kills
    Strength                Carry heavy stuff
    Energy                  Survive, Kills
    Throwing Accuracy       Throw more!
    Firing Accuracy         Shoot more!
    Bravery                 fixed? get panicked more???
    Health                  Survive, Kills
    Reactions               fixed? Make more reaction shots???
    MC Ability              fixed
    MC Skills               Use more MC attacks
    Soldiers with kills gain more than those without kills. on the other
    hand, grenade and missile kills do not count, only HTH and gun kills
    count in improvements.
    Try not to let SWS get a kill since you will lose a chance to let a
    soldier improve, so leave the easy shots (against panicked aliens, for
    example) to the rookies.
    MC skill also improves with use. (MC Abl does not increase though)
    Promotion: Ensigns come from able seamen, and able seamen come from
    Seamen who survived a mission and gotten at least one kill. You just
    need to HIRE some more soldiers, then when some of them got
    promotions, you sack the low-ranks. For exact numbers of soldiers to
    get promotions, see the manual.
    The advantage of having officers? They decrease morale lost when
    someone is killed. Of course, when officers get killed, those of lower
    rank are even MORE devastated.
    7.3  Soldier Specialties / Change soldier names
    We recommend that instead of using the default names, you adopt a
    naming system for your soldiers that will help you to know at a glance
    who to take on a mission.
    To change the name, go to the soldiers screen (the one base display)
    that displays their stats. Click on their name, and a cursor comes up,
    allowing you to change them.
    System One reflects a specialty, such as scout (SC), heavy weapons
    (HW), demolitions (DM), MC combat (MC), sharpshooter (SS), etc. For
    example, "Steve Rogers HW/MC" has lots of strength and nice time units
    for carrying the heavy weapons (and shooting them). His MCStr and
    MCSkl is also pretty high so he also carries a MCAmp for MC combat.
    Here's some suggested specialties
    Scout                (SC)   carry particle displacement sensor
    Medic                (MD)   carry MediKit
    Sharpshooter         (SS)   shooter, carry nice guns
    Intelligence         (IT)   carry MC Reader
    Heavy Weapons        (HW)   carry "heavy" stuff
    Molecular Control    (MC)   carry MC Disruptor
    You can also cross-train, of course. There's no limit in the number of
    spots each person can hold... And real-life SEAL teams are mostly
    cross-trained any way.
    System Two just places the numbers in the name. Use just the first
    digit, round up (if rating is 42, use 4, 47 would be 5). Example is
    "Steve Rogers 4345"
    System Three, includes a letter for the area the soldier is good in,
    like A)ccuracy, T)Us, etc.
    Assuming 10 soldiers and 1 SWS (normal for a Triton):
         2 medics/pack mule (carry medikit + reloads + grenades)
         2 MC/grenadiers (pistol and lots of grenades) + MC stuff
         2 rifleman (rifles, maybe heavy, plus grenades)
         2 heavy weapons (heavy stuff, including disruptor pulse)
         2 scout (high TUs + react, carry grenade and pistols)
    If you decide to go to 14 soldiers, add two more rifleman and 1 more
    grenadier/MC weapons, and 1 more heavy weapons.
    7.4  Missing in Action
    If one of your troopers in under alien control at the end of a battle
    s/he counts as MIA; therefore try to wait until s/he is no longer in
    control before finishing off aliens.
    If you abort a mission, any soldiers you leave behind (not in craft or
    exit zone) is MIA. On missions with a transport, any one not in the
    transport are "left behind". On an alien base assault, any one not on
    the exit zone are "left behind".
    Yet another way to get people MIA is to try abort mission with only an
    unconscious soldier in the transport. You'll lose that person as MIA
    as well as the transport (strangely, a SWS counts as a "soldier", and
    you can't stun an SWS, so an SWS can "pilot" back the transport.  :-)
    Note: I've had reports of people using the patch, and had unconcsious
    people considered MIA, so far unconfirmed
    HINT: use MediKit to wake them up (stimulant) then march them in if
    that happens to you.
    7.5  Packing Advice
    The item limit is always a problem, especially on an Hammerhead and
    Leviathan, when you can carry LOTS of soldiers. Here's a couple more
    hints to see you through the item crunch:
         If you are short on ammo clips, use sonic weapons, which use less
         ammo (no auto-fire mode, both a blessing AND a curse). [CHEAT:
         use weapon editor and create a weapon that uses no ammo!]
         Carry only ONE clip for your sonic weapons. You should be able to
         find plenty of reloads during battle, esp. for Sonic Cannon
         (which seems to be used by all aliens near the end of the game)
         Bring less misc. equipment such as MC Readers, medikits, particle
         displacement sensors, M.C. Disruptors, and so on. You don't need
         everything on every person (except maybe Medikits)
         Bring SWSs if you can. SWS is one item yet has plenty of
         firepower. Too bad it takes FOUR soldier's space. Still, they are
         quite useful in the early parts of the game
         Don't fight at night so that you need to take along all those
         chemical flares which you end up throwing all over the place.
         (exception: Attack Terror Sites ASAP)  Of course, you can always
         pick up those flares and throw them again.
    7.6  Basic Loadout for Transports
    Triton : 1 SWS / 10 aquanauts or 14 aquanauts. The SWSs early on carry
    more firepower and has more TUs than soldiers, which makes them good
    scouts, and more survivable. Switch to only soldiers later.
    Hammerhead : as many soldiers as you can fit. Hammerhead doesn't take
    SWSs. Bring enough equipment for all those soldiers you got!
    Leviathan : 14 soldiers / 3 SWSs or 18 soldiers / 2 SWSs. If you carry
    more soldiers you don't have equipment for them. If you put in more
    SWS you actually lose firepower.
    As the end of game draws near, your best soldiers should be as fast as
    SWSs and carries just as much (if not more) firepower. SWSs are there
    to simply scout ahead, esp. the PWT and/or Sonic versions (one each).
    7.7  Equipment list
                           TU   Usage
    Chemical Flare         25%  Use at dark places for illumination
    --Must research and build---------------------------------------------
    Medikit                10%  heal fatal wounds, raise morale, revive
                                unconscious people, add energy
    Particle Disp Sensor   25%  registers movement within 8 squares,
                                see UFOpedia for instructions
    M.C.Reader             50%  allows you to see alien's status screen
                                (ID, TUs remain, health, + other stats)
    M.C.Disruptor          50%  with M.C.training, allows panic or
                                control of aliens
    Note: you can use medikits on ALIENS! (may be useful for captures...)
    7.8  Other Actions/ TU cost cross-reference
    from\to   hand      belt      shoulder  leg       backpack  ground
    hand      0         8         10        8         14        2
    belt      4         0         12        10        16        4+2=6
    shoulder  3         10        0         3+8=11    3+14=17   3+2=5
    leg       4         10        4+10=14   0         4+14=18   4+2=6
    backpack  8         8+8=16    8+10=18   8+8=16    0         8+2=10
    ground    8         8+8=16    8+10=18   8+8=16    8+14=22   0
    Crouch         4         Un-crouch (stand)  6
    Load Weapon   15         Throw item         25% of base
    7.9  Equipment FAQ
    Q: Why do I lose ammo that was fired only a few times?
    A: After combat all clips that had been USED in the battle and left in
    their weapons are lost, no matter only 1 round fired or totally empty.
    UNUSED clips are NOT affected, nor are the clips separate from weapon.
    HINT: You should unload any weapons that had fired and use valuable
    ammo before the battle ends.
    HINT: You can get MORE clips if you unload captured alien weapons that
    you come across. If you have MC, have the alien throw you the weapon.
    Q: Why should I need grenades when I have heavy weapons?
    A: Heavy weapons such as torpedo launcher, hydrojet cannon, and gas
    cannon weigh A LOT. For the same weight you can carry a lighter weapon
    plus a couple grenades, and move faster and further as a result.
    Q: How do I wake up unconscious soldiers?
    A: See UFOpedia on Medikit.
    HINT: Heal any fatal wounds first before attempt to revive.
    HINT: After applying shot of stimulant, exit medikit screen and check
    your inventory. If "body" is still on ground, apply another shot of
    stimulant until the "body" is no longer on ground. S/he should appear
    in an adjacent square. You may need LOTS of stimulant shots to revive
    a stunned soldier.
    HINT: Stimulant also raises ENERGY. If you had soldiers running all
    across battlescape, add some stimulant if they can't move.
    HINT: Pain killer raises morale, so if solider is panicking a lot, add
    some pain killer may help.
    Q: How do I use particle displacement sensor?
    A: See UFOpedia
    HINT: They are useful to detect that one last alien you can't find,
    esp. at night when visibility is less, or city blocks (but there you
    have civilians)
    HINT: They are somewhat useful for looking behind closed doors that
    you would like to enter.
    Q: How do I use the Disruptor Pulse Launcher or Displacer/PWT?
    A: When you select Launch, you can specify a series of up to 9
    "waypoints" which can go around any thing, climb and dive, even fly in
    circles. The final waypoint is the explosion point, UNLESS it runs
    into something solid first.
    HINT: There MUST be something solid at the last waypoint or the
    "torpedo" will NOT explode! I usually fly the pulse overhead, then
    dive. If not, fly the pulse all around the impact zone to try to make
    it run into SOMETHING.
    HINT: You can UNset a waypoint by right-clicking
    Q: How do I use Chemical Flare?
    A: Chuck one inside the building through a window to see inside. You
    may have to kneel to angle one in.
    HINT: Carry one or two for each soldier for "night" underwater fights.
    Visibility underwater is horrible, especially during "night".
    HINT: You can pick up an existing flare and throw it again.
    Q: How do I use Particle Displacement Sensor?
    A: Use this to look around corners and behind doors.
    HINT: Aliens hardly ever stay still between rounds, but going through
    doors is still not a great idea. Use this to hunt down aliens instead.
    Q: How do I use M.C. Reader?
    A: Usually you would use this to ID a target for capture.
    HINT: Here's a trick that you can use if you do NOT have one: try to
    pick up the unconscious alien on the ground will also identify alien's
    rank and position.
    HINT: Use MCR to check if the alien have enough TUs to attack you. If
    not, they are prime candidates for HTH attacks.
         "All right, class! Listen up!" The Able Seaman slapped the stock
    of his weapon twice. "What we have here, is the latest and greatest
    toy to come out of the labs of wonder boys: the gauss rifle.
    Perfection of room temperature superconductors plus study of the
    plasma weapons captured and duplicated during the First Alien War
    allowed us to use conventional plutonium to power this baby instead of
    that exotic E-115 stuff.  Lin, question?"
         "I thought plasma weapons don't work underwater."
         "Correct. We tried a few samples we still have left along with
    with remaining stock of Elerium we got. The alien metal dissolved in
    salt water, and Elerium leaked out, killing the testing team.
         "However, the gauss rifle, a larger cousin of the gauss pistol,
    uses superconductors to power a containment field for the radiation,
    resulting in a nice concentrated beam that DOES work UNDERWATER.
         "So no more harpoon rifles, folks. Gauss is the way to go.
         "Now here's a sample of the alien grenade we've been able to
    capture recently. The science boys call it 'sonic pulser'..."
    8.1  Armor
                          Fr/ Sd/ Rr/ Bt
    None                   5/  3/  2/  2
    --Must research and build-----------
    Aqua Plastic Armor    60/ 35/ 30/ 25
    Ion Armor            132/ 70/100/ 55
    Magnetic Ion Armor   142/ 80/110/ 65
    NOTE : Mag. Ion Armor "flies", like "flying suit", but only
    underwater. Can't do it on land.
    Interestingly, XCOM armor also has has special protection and
    vulnerabilities. For specifics, see the OSG. Suffice to say that the
    ion armors are "fireproof".
    8.1.1     Aqua Plastic Armor
    This first armor available, this one is not very good, and it is NOT
    fire-proof (phosphor round), but it is better than nothing. Try to get
    advanced armor quickly.
    8.1.2     Ion Armor
    Ion Armor is a substantial improvement over APA, with twice the armor
    in all areas. Unfortunately, in the original version of TFTD, it is
    rather hard to get, requiring a very specific sequence of research. It
    is somewhat easier to get in the V2 patch.
    8.1.3     Magnetic Ion Armor
    Magnetic Ion Armor is basically Ion armor with a magnetic levitation
    unit, which allows "hover" underwater.
    8.2  Firing mode selection
    With smaller magazines in XCOM2 (10-15), ammo and reloads are becoming
    a problem, esp with Gauss weapons and dart/harpoon weapons, which may
    have auto-fire mode. Therefore, watch your ammo load carefully, and
    pick your shots carefully.
    Sonic weapons are less of a problem since they do NOT have auto-mode
    and you can find reloads easily. Gauss reloads must be manufactured.
    If you can, take a aimed shot. "One shot, one kill" is not a bad
    motto. On the other hand... If you have the ammo, use auto shot
    whenever you can. Why? It ensures a kill. Let me explain:
    Auto shot fires three rounds, but is the least accurate of the three
    shots. On the other hand, when you use the laws of probability, you
    usually come out ahead using an auto-shot, since each shot is
    calculated independently. For example, let's say chance of hitting in
    auto shot is 25%, and snap shot is 35%. The chance of getting at least
    one hit out of three is
         1-(chance of no hits)
    So 25% hit probability (75% miss) AND no hit in three tries is
         0.75 * 0.75 * 0.75 = 0.42
    Chance of getting at least one hit is then
         1 - 0.42 = 0.56, or 56%
    Which is much better than 35% (but no higher than the aimed
    percentage). When your accuracy improves, you increase your chances of
    hitting the target multiple times, which ensures a kill, and you use
    less TUs than ONE aimed shot. The only thing wasted with auto-fire
    mode is ammo, and gauss reloads are hard to come by...
    It is not unknown to see three aliens line up in a row, you fired
    auto, and each shot killed one alien.
    8.3  Pistol vs Rifle debate
              Pro                Con
    Rifles    more powerful      use more TUs
              more accurate      two-handed weapon
    Pistols   uses less Tus      less powerful
              one handed weapon  less accurate
    As you can see, they are exact complements of each other.
    Very often, using a pistol is called for, since using a pistol would
    mean you still have enough TUs to duck into cover.
    Give pistols or HTH weapons to heavy weapons people for when they ran
    8.4  XCOM Ground Weapons
                        Aimed   Snap    Auto  Dam  Type  Ammo (Capacity)
    Dart Gun            80/40   40/20         16   AP    Dart Pod (12)
    Jet Harpoon         90/70   60/35   40/40 32   AP    Harp. pod (20)
    Gas Cannon          90/75   60/40         60   AP    GC-AP (6)
                                              65   HE    GC-HE (6)
                                              60   I     GC-P (6)
    HydroJet Cannon*    80/80   50/35   40/40 40   AP    HC-AP (14)
                                              50   HE    HC-HE (14)
                                              40   I     HC-I (14)
    Torpedo Launcher*  110/80   50/40         80   HE    Small Torp.
                                              90   HE    Large Torp.
                                              80   I     Phosporus Torp.
    Magna-Blast Grenade                       50   HE
    Dye Grenade                               10   HE    Smoke
    Particle Displacement Grenade             70   HE
    Magna-Pack Explosive                     100   HE
    Thermal Tazer                             80   Frez
    Gauss Pistol        70/50   40/25   30/30 45   Gau   GP Clip (20?)
    Gauss Rifle        100/60   65/30   50/40 60   Gau   GR Clip (15)
    Heavy Gauss         90/80   50/40         75   Gau   HG Clip (10?)
    Sonic Pistol        85/50   65/30         80   Snc   SP Clip (20)
    Sonic Blasta Rifle 110/60   75/40         95   Snc   SBR Clip (15)
    Sonic Cannon       115/70   80/50        130   Snc   SC Clip (10)
    Dis. Pulse Lch'r   120/75                210   HE    Disruptor Ammo
    Ther. Shok Lch'r   120/70   70/50         90   Frez  Ther. Shok Bomb
    Sonic Pulser                             120   HE
    Vibroblade                                80   AP    HTH
    Thermic Lance                            110   AP    HTH
    Hvy Thermic Lance                        150   AP    HTH
    AP       Armor piercing       HE        High Explosive
    I        Incendiary           Gau       Gauss
    Sonc     Sonic                Frez      Freeze
    HTH      hand to hand
    Note 1 : Accuracy for two-handed weapons is decreased 20% if
         other hand is not empty (i. e. holding something)
    Note 2 : Accuracy is increased 15% if the soldier is kneeling,
         which takes only 4 TUs
    8.5  Specific Weapon Notes
    8.5.1     Dart Pistols and Jet Harpoons
    Use them only when you have to, sniper style, use Aimed and/or Snap
    shots only. At the beginning your accuracy is bad enough that auto-
    mode is just a waste of ammo unless you are at point-blank range, and
    with only 10/15 shots, you can't afford to miss or you'll run out of
    ammo during missions. Dump them for gauss weapons as soon as possible.
    8.5.2     Gas Cannon and HydroJet Cannon
    Gas Cannon is lighter and slightly more accurate than the HydroJet
    Cannon and does a bit more damage per shot, but less effective with
    only six shots and no auto-fire mode.
    On the other hand, HydroJet Cannon does NOT work above water, so for
    normal use, you would probably want the Gas Cannon. HydroJet Cannon is
    pretty good, but since it only works below water, that makes it rather
    ineffective. If you're sure you're going underwater, then take one.
    Just remember that HydroJet cannon is VERY heavy.
    8.5.3     Torpedo Launcher
    Torpedo Launcher packs your biggest punch in the early game, BUT IT
    ONLY WORKS UNDERWATER!  :-P  I would NOT carry one of these. Carry
    more grenades instead unless you have room to spare, then carry one
    with three reloads. (Even sonic pulsers do more damage!)
    Try to have another team member carry reloads. When you got to a good
    firing point, have that guy drop the reloads on the ground, then
    stand on top of the reloads. (This also works for disruptor pulse
    launchers, or any big one-shot weapon)
    Don't give torpedo launcher (or any high-power weapons for that
    matter) to rookies with low morale/bravery. If they go berserk or gets
    M.C.ed by aliens, you may lose a lot of people. (This may be a good
    case to use the [use all TU] button)
    8.5.4     Gauss Weapon Family
    Forget the heavy gauss. The 25% more damage that it does is offset by
    having no auto mode and decreased accuracy. As you can see from
    analysis earlier, auto mode is VERY useful.
    You can probably forget the gauss pistol also, but you need to
    research it to get gauss rifle.
    You also need to research heavy gauss to get gauss defense and craft
    gauss cannon, the most profitable item in XCOM2, but you can come back
    to it later.
    Gauss rifle is one of the top weapons in the game, with decent damage,
    auto mode (when necessary), and okay ammo capacity. Its primary
    weakness is it goes through ammo very quickly, esp. with auto-fire,
    and you must carry your reloads (whereas you can often find aliens
    carrying sonic weapons and ammo)
    8.5.5     Various Grenades and Magna-Pack Explosives
    Use sonic pulsers when you can... They are MORE THAN TWICE as powerful
    as your regular grenades. Throw it REALLY FAR away. They also have
    enough power to punch through some USO's outer hull.
    One sonic pulser will NOT destroy another in explosions. If you need
    plenty of damage to one place, throw in multiple sonic pulsers.
    For suicidal attacks, carry a primed grenade around as you attack. If
    you die, everyone close to you goes POOF. Or for THAT matter, carry
    MORE primed grenades!  (obviously, if you panic, your will kill
    yourself and you drop the grenade at your feet and ran... But then you
    probably deserve to die for desertion)
    Jeff James' variation, a.k.a. Rookie Kamikaze -- Have rookie arm X
    sonic pulsers and place in his/her backpack. Then, when a group of
    aliens were detected, have him separate from your group, then CHARGE
    into the aliens. When s/he dies, the sonic pulsers drop out, then as
    the turn ends, ALL X sonic pulser will go BOOM in sequence! That will
    do TONS of damage to everything nearby.
    Particle Displacement Grenades should be used to block off doors and
    stuff so nothing can sneak up behind you. They appear to have a 1-
    square sensing radius, so do NOT throw them next to the door! Instead,
    throw them one square away from the door so when the alien have to
    come out before it blows up. For example:
    (D=Door P=PD Grenade A=Alien)
    Alien just behind door, does NOT trigger the grenade since not in
    radius of 1.Then Alien steps through the door, and BOOM!
       |       |
      AD P     DAP
       |       |
    Jim Muchow's "trap the door" variation -- Throw one in front of the
    door, one off like above, then hide near the doors in the shadows so
    you are not visible.
         | X = YOU              Just stand there, keep others out of
         |                      sight. After a few turns, alien
         |                      will come out and take a peek,
         \----\                 wondering where did you go. And as
              |                 soon as it steps out the door, BOOM!
              D P = PD          Repeat as needed. They are dumb...
              |     Grenade
    I haven't found dye grenades to be that useful. I've tried it in
    covering my deployment, but it doesn't seem to work that well, but it
    was listed in the sourcebook...
    No comment on magna-pack explosives yet. Supposedly it's good in inner
    port fighting, but I use sonic pulsers.
    Sometimes kneeling down will allow you to throw where you cannot
    Use grenades to open up single-width doors to help your SWS move.
    8.5.6     Sonic Weapon Family
    Sonic weapons are good weapons, and virtually all aliens carry them.
    Later they all carry Sonic Cannons only... And you may wish to do the
    same, since those are powerful weapons, but the most useful is
    probably the sonic blasta rifle, with more magazine capacity and
    faster shooting (less TUs used).
    These are the weapons you should sell to raise cash. You should have
    captured lots of them. Ammo may be a problem if you don't capture that
    many, but in that case, usually one reload is enough, sometimes none,
    since you can usually FIND reloads. If not, use captured weapons.
    8.5.7     Disruptor pulse launcher
    Disruptor pulse launcher is probably one of the greatest weapons in
    the game. It is VERY useful, but it ONLY works UNDERWATER. You can
    blow up things in ANY direction, turn around corners, go up and down
    stairs, flatten entire buildings, even punch a hole in sub's outer
    hull!  Each aquanaut can carry up to 6 reloads (2 on belt, 3 in
    backpack, 1 in other hand).
    One XCOM trick is to leave the soldier and the launcher inside the
    craft kneeling on top of the ammo on the floor. That way there's more
    than 6 rounds available. Or you can have other soldiers carry more
    ammo, drop them on the ground, then have the launcher guy stand/kneel
    on top of them. You can use this trick on torpedo launchers too, but
    it's not as useful.
    Use a disruptor pulse to enlarge a standard door so you can fit a tank
    through by targeting the wall next to the door. If you are short on
    disruptor pulse ammo, use sonic pulsers instead.
    8.5.8     Thermal Shok Launcher
    Nice weapons, but you may need more than one bomb to stun the suckers.
    Lobsterman are vulnerable to stun weapons, esp. Thermal Shok Bombs,
    than other projectile/missile weapons. The ONLY thing they are more
    vulnerable to are the hand-to-hand weapons. So if you are short on
    firepower, use stun weapons on Lobsterman.
    NOTE: aliens ignore stunned soldiers/civilians. If your soldiers run
    into enemy they can't handle and has no chance to escape, STUN HIM
    with Thermal Shok bombs. The blast MAY stun the alien(s) nearby, and
    if the soldier is stunned, aliens will ignore him/her. You can always
    revive him/her later.
    8.5.9     Hand-to-hand weapons
    XCOM players asked for hand-to-hand weapons and they got them! These
    weapons are NICE! Sneak up on a Lobsterman and Zzzzzzziiiiiiippp!
    Fried lobster! Lobstermen are VERY vulnerable to HTH weapons of ANY
    TYPE (including thermal tazer), and almost all aliens takes extra
    damage to HTH weapons.
    Thermic Lance is the best compromise between weight and potential
    damage. Remember you need TUs to get close to the enemy, so try to
    pick a target that has already spent most of its TUs.
    WARNING: some players reported that you must be on the EXACT SAME
    LEVEL as your target for HTH weapons to work. If your target is on an
    incline/hill HTH may not work. Plan for that in your attack.
    8.6  SWS Types
    Submersible Weapon Systems are amphibious tanks, descendents of the
    Heavy Weapons Platform of the First Alien War. They give you heavy
    weapon support, while having more health to survive a few hits from
    the aliens, saving your soldiers from a similar fate. Remember they
    are there to SUPPORT you...
    SWS should be used to act as scouts to go into areas too dangerous to
    be explored by an Aquanaut.
    8.6.1     SWS Summary
                                 Dam  TU  Ammo   F/S/R/U         He
    Coelacanth/Gas Cannon        50   90  30     90/ 75/ 60/ 60  90
    Coelacanth/AquaJet Missile   90   90   8     90/ 75/ 60/ 60  90 *
    --Must research and build--
    Coelacanth/Gauss Cannon     120  100  50     90/ 75/ 60/ 60  90
    Displacer/Sonic Cannon      130  100 100     130/130/130/100 90
    Displacer/Pulse Wave Torp   140  100   8     130/130/130/100 90 *
    Note 1 : The displacers "fly" both above and below water.
    Note 2 : Coelacanth/ Aquajet Torpedo and Displacer/Pulse Wave Torpedo
         only works underwater, as indicated by "*"
    8.6.2     Coelacanth/GC
    One of the early SWS's, C/GC is mounted with a heavy version of the
    same Gas Cannon carried by Aquanauts, with only AP harpoon bolt
    available as ammo. Since the weapon is somewhat inaccurate, this SWS
    is not very effective. However, 1) it CAN fight on land, and 2) it has
    3.75x more ammo than Coelacanth/AJM.
    8.6.3     Coelacanth/AJM
    C/AJM is C/GC's cousin, mounting a single AJM launcher (HE warhead).
    The HE warhead makes this a proximity weapon; even a close-miss can
    wound/kill, which CAN make this quite effective when compared to C/GC,
    even though it has only 8 shots. Remember C/AJM does NOT work on land.
    8.6.4     Coelacanth/Gauss Cannon
    C/GaC is the first advanced SWS you can get, and this is a SUBSTANTIAL
    improvement. The weapon is still not quite as accurate, but you get 50
    shots doing 120 damage each, and you never have to buy ammo. This is
    THE SWS of choice until you get Displacer/Sonic.
    8.6.5     Displacer/Sonic
    D/S utilizes the alien ion propulsion methods and magnetic levitation
    (also used in magnetic ion armor) to allow total 3D movement, but its
    primary advantage is in its HUGE ammo capacity (100 shots!) and its
    armor. This SWS is definitely worth its price.
    8.6.6     Displacer/PWT
    D/PWT is like a weak version of disruptor pulse launcher on a SWS.
    While it does have the most powerful weapon available (140 HE), it has
    only 8 shots, and the ammo is EXPENSIVE to build. All of these, plus
    the fact that PWT only operates underwater, makes this weapon not very
    effective overall. You should stay with Displacer/Sonic.
    8.7  Molecular Control Combat
    See research tree on how to gain Molecular Control.
    General observation: aliens STILL do NOT pick up dropped weapons, so
    panic attack and MC attack will disarm most aliens.
    8.7.1     Offensive tips
    Panicked aliens drop their weapons (just as panicked XCOM soldiers).
    Of course, they will pull out anything else they got left on them as
    well as use their natural abilities (HTH or MC attacks) if any.
    Aliens under your M.C. control then stunned do NOT count as captured.
    Computer counts M.C.ed aliens as "friendly", which they sort of are.
    You can NO LONGER access inventory of an alien under your M.C.
    control. It was possible under XCOM (as a "feature").
    To get more ammo, M.C. an alien, and have it throw its weapon toward
    you. You can then use the weapon, or unload and pocket the clip.
    Panic has a better chance of success than MC Jam Control.
    M.C.ability is more important than M.C.skill. M.C.ability determines
    resistance to M.C.attacks as well as potential with training
    8.7.2     MC Defensive tips
    The only REAL way to protect yourself against MC attacks is to kill
    the attackers quickly. While some soldiers at the beginning may be
    more resistant to M.C. attacks (i.e. high M.C. Ability), without M.C.
    labs to help you identify them it is purely by chance and experience.
    If morale is low, try adding some painkiller to the solider.
    Once you get M.C. Labs and identified your aquanauts with MC, sack
    those with low M.C. Ability.
    If a solider was M.C.ed more than once in a battle and s/he survives,
    sack him/her immediately after. S/he probably has low bravery and/or
    low M.C. Ability, bad combination.
    Get rookies with high bravery ensures they are more resistant to alien
    panic attacks (though they may not be as resistant to mind control,
    that has a inherent lower chance of success). I recommend sacking all
    bravery below 30, maybe even 40.
    8.7.3     Interesting MC Tricks
    Mass xenocide: use MC, send all of your victims into a corner, then
    send a disruptor pulse torpedo into the middle one. BLAM!  Only a
    Lobsterman will survive that one...
    Target practice: use MC/Panic attack to make an alien freeze in place,
    then have your rookies shoot it for practice. Note that if aliens
    under your control die, your morale drops. If you don't care, then use
    MC and take the morale drop.
    Free Mercenary: Found a Tricene giving you trouble?  MC it and use it
    as YOUR tank. With almost 200 shots, that thing is almost unstoppable.
    8.7.4     Molecular Control FAQ
    Q: What is MC ability and MC skill?
    A: MC ability is a person's physical talent for MC and cannot be
    improved. It is also a measure of resistance against enemy MC attacks.
    MC skill is a person's skill at USING the MC ability. It can be
    improved with usage (so use it!) and training at a MC lab.
    Q: Help!  My soldiers kept getting MC blasted!
    A: Fight harder, make more kills, don't get killed. Low morale invites
    more MC attacks.
    HINT: add some pain killer to soldiers with low morale may help.
    HINT: If you survive the fight, sack the ones who's not very good and
    kept getting panicked or controlled.
    HINT: Sack newbies with low bravery (i.e. below 40). Screen your
    recruits carefully.
    HINT: After you get M.C.Lab, sack everyone who has MC Ability of less
    than, say, 60. Those have 80+ will be your MC specialists. Players
    have reported of being practically MC-proof with MC Ability >70.
    8.8  Weapons FAQ
    Q: How do I UN-load a weapon?
    A: Make sure one hand is free, the gun to unload in the other. Drag
    gun onto the UNLOAD icon. You'll end up with unloaded weapon in one
    hand and the ammo/clip in the other hand.
    Battlescape, where all tactical combat takes place, is probably the
    best part of XCOM, and the most difficult. Each battle is different,
    and you will never know  whether you will succeed this time, or fail
    miserably in a watery grave...  And this section hopefully will help
    you avoid that.
    9.1  General Combat Notes
    There is no penalty for destroying civilian property, so go ahead and
    wreck the whole place like "The Dirty Pair" (anime).
    If the only person inside the craft is unconscious and you abort
    mission, s/he's MIA and the transport is lost as well. (Note: some
    reported that unconscious soldiers are MIA even if you WIN the mission
    with the V2 patch, this is unconfirmed)
    In the early game, you want gas cannon and/or Hydrojet cannon as your
    heavy weapons, and plenty of grenades (mix of regular and proximity).
    Later in the game, you want almost exclusively sonic blasta rifles
    (except for the heavy weapons people carrying disruptor pulse
    launchers, who would carry sonic pistols)
    9.2  Locating Aliens
    Remember, being able to see a part of land/seascape does NOT mean
    there are no aliens in that area. You ONLY see aliens when they are
    within the line of sight of one of your units.
    If an alien falls into lines of sight during your movement, your unit
    will stop automatically.
    If your unit was shot at by an alien, and the unit survives the shot,
    s/he/it will automatically stop. Turn to face the direction where the
    shot came from will usually reveal the alien (unless the weapon is
    long distance, like disruptor pulse or a sonic pulser)
    If you want to use the particle disturbance sensor, use it at the VERY
    BEGINNING of the turn (which means the user needs to be up in front),
    so that later XCOM movements will not clutter up the scope.
    Once alien is spotted (a number appears in lower right) click on the
    "1" to center the alien in the screen, then move the cursor around the
    middle of the screen. When you have the alien's square targetted the
    cursor will flash yellow, even though the alien may not be quite
    visible. As long as cursor turns yellow you can target it for
    something (MC? Disruptor pulse?)
    9.3  Capturing Aliens
    Capturing aliens is VERY important to advance on your research tree.
    9.3.1     How to I capture an alien?
    You can capture aliens in three ways, so let's discuss advantages and
    Shoot an alien and hope it drops stunned instead of dead: Since smoke
    inhalation produce stun damage, if alien had inhaled smoke for a
    while, and you shot it later, it may drop stunned. This is too much of
    a guess work though, and is dangerous if alien is armed. On the other
    hand, Lobsterman, having so much health, does this a lot.
    Use thermal tazer on the alien: Dangerous since thermal tazer is a
    hand-to-hand weapon (range 0), but it's all you have early on, and all
    aliens takes a little extra damage to HTH weapons. Remember to stand
    RIGHT NEXT to the target, and DIRECTLY FACING the target, or you
    cannot stun!  Dangerous, of course, but Lobsterman are pretty dumb, so
    if you double-team, you can probably stun it before it realizes that
    you're next to it.
    Use thermal shok bombs and launcher: safest way to capture an alien,
    shoot and scoot. Still double/triple team to be sure though...
    [Has any one been able to stun an alien with dye grenades yet? I can't
    do it so far... ]
    9.3.2     So what's your recommendation?
    Double/triple-team on capture: at least two soldiers should carry
    thermal shok bombs/launcher and ready to fire in salvoes in case the
    alien does not drop after one hit.
    Combine MC combat with capture: panic it with MC to make it drop its
    weapon (repeat if necessary), then stun it. Be careful since alien
    WILL pull out any other weapon that it has on it, including GRENADES.
    After it is out of weapons, and if it does not have HTH attack, you
    can use thermal tazer on it safely.
    WARNING: it is now IMPOSSIBLE to get to the alien's inventory screen,
    so you canNOT make it drop all its weapons.
    WARNING: release molecular control on the alien (wait one full turn),
    THEN stun it, or otherwise it is NOT captured!  Somehow computer
    counts molecular-controlled alien as "friendly" and not "captured".
    WARNING: all aliens on "first" stage of a two-stage mission stunned is
    considered DEAD. Only aliens stunned in second stage counts.
    If a stun attempt fails, shoot the alien with a light weapon like a
    pistol. The addition damage may cause the health to drop below stun
    damage, which ALSO counts as "stunned". Just don't kill it (yet).
    9.3.3     Do you HAVE an alien containment facility?
    Does the home base of the transport have alien containment facility
    available? If not, all aliens you captured will DIE upon end of ground
    Periodically check your base inventory. If you have too many alien
    soldiers, transfer some out so you can research the high-ranked stuff
    9.3.4     Special notes on Alien Containment Facility
    by Robert Bellflower
    Alien containment can hold ten (10) TYPES of prisoners, not a total of
    10 prisoners. For example, 4 Aquatoid soldiers, 2 aquatoid medics, 1
    Aquatoid technician, 2 Aquatoid navigators, and 1 aquatoid squad
    leader counts as 5 types of prisoner, but 11 TOTAL prisoners. New
    prisoners will stop being put in alien containment ONLY when the total
    TYPES exceeds 10. Building a second alien containment facility at the
    same base does NOT change this. There is no reason to ever build more
    than one alien containment at the same base.
    There are two ways to remove prisoners from alien containment. The
    obvious is to transfer them to another base. This only spreads your
    problem out. However, if you have the same TYPE of prisoner at more
    than one base, transfer all of the same TYPE to the same base.
    Whenever you capture a prisoner, open up the research screen and start
    the prisoner as a new project. You do not need to assign any
    scientists to the research at this time. That prisoner TYPE, and all
    of his identical brothers, will be removed from the alien containment.
    You can confirm this by opening up the transfer screen.
    [Hey, where did the body(ies) go?  :-)]
    If you capture more of the same TYPE of alien before the research on
    that type is completed, they will be place in the alien containment.
    They can be removed by transfer, or, after the first is done, add the
    new prisoner to the research list. You don't ever have to research the
    second prisoner, it just gets it out of the alien containment. And in
    XCOM2, you may need to research the same alien TYPE again.
    9.4  General Combat Tactics
    9.4.1     SWS usage
    SWSs should be used for "beating the bush" and flush aliens out for
    soldiers to shoot. Since Aqua Jet Torpedoes only work underwater, the
    early preference is Coelacanth/Gas Cannon. Later, use Coelacanth/Gauss
    and Displacer/Sonic.
    9.4.2     Grenade usage
    Grenades should be used for firepower supplement. If you suspect an
    alien in the area, drop a grenade in the area. Since you can throw
    beyond your visible area, this can REALLY raise your survival rates.
    This is important if you see aliens toss grenades or take shots at you
    but you don't see them. Toss a grenade in the area, and see if you
    hear screams. If not, send an SWS slowly into the area.
    You CAN equip someone with ALL grenades, but with only 80 items in
    inventory for more than 10 soldiers you won't get a very good
    Rookies can be effective grenadiers since grenades are area weapons
    and grenades don't miss by very far. Of course, make sure their MC
    Ability and/or bravery is high, or...
    Magna-Pack Explosive is just a very heavy grenade, and you will have
    problems tossing it. Toss it a short distance or drop it on ground,
    then RUN away from the area. This would mean you need to set it for
    multiple turns.
    Particle Displacement grenades are great for traps. Use them to
    prevent aliens coming up behind you, and/or pin aliens (toss one on
    either side of it and it can't move without setting one off)Just
    remember where you threw them (check the map) and don't walk near them
    Par. Dis. Grenades canNOT be "destroyed" now. Many have tried to set
    one off by dropping grenades on top of it, but the safest way is to
    save the game, and reload it. All ParDis Grenades will be primed but
    will NOT explode when you walk up to them. (This is better than XCOM1,
    when all Prox. Grenades disappear after saved game)
    You can toss grenades to upper levels and through windows, though you
    may have to kneel down to do it, and it requires a bit of extra
    "height" available.
    Sonic pulsers can punch holes in some USO halls, so save disruptor
    pulses for other uses unless sonic pulsers don't work.
    This of course, means that your transports can be hit by aliens, and
    if a grenade explodes OUTSIDE, aquanauts INSIDE can be killed.
    9.4.3     The grenade relay trick
    Did you know that regular grenades (not prox) can be RE-THROWN safely
    as long as the timer holds? Grenades set to 0 can be safely re-thrown
    in the same turn.
    The scout spotted an alien up ahead but don't have a grenade handy.
    One Aquanaut throws the primed grenade at his scout buddy a few meters
    away. The grenade rolled to a stop. The scout picked it up and threw
    it, BLAM!  One less alien!
    This essentially allows you to combine the TU's of the two aquanauts
    for the process of the grenade throw, or bypass the problem of the
    "second" unit can't throw to the target spotted by the first unit.
    Warning: if timer is set to ZERO, the Grenade must be thrown ON THE
    SAME TURN, since it explodes at the end of the turn, no matter what!
    Don't try to pick up a primed grenade and hold it!
    Warning: Don't try this with Prox grenades, once they hit the floor
    ANY movement *including picking them up* will trigger them.
    9.4.4     Disruptor pulse usage
    Disruptor pulse is equivalent to blaster bomb in XCOM1, except this
    one ONLY works underwater (HEY! Where's my ROCKET LAUNCHER?) Like
    blaster bomb, it can shoot around corners, has wonderful damage (210
    points!) and is very effective. Of course, it is also EXPENSIVE, and
    so is ammo. So, use them carefully (don't save them either).
    Try to keep the first waypoint as FAR from the launcher as possible.
    That way, should the shot explodes at least you have a chance to
    Remember that disruptor pulse do NOT explode when they reach their
    last waypoint. They explode when they actually HIT something. If you
    just fly a DB into an empty spot, it will NOT explode. I typically
    make them fly overhead, then DIVE straight down at the target.
    Disruptor pulse does NOT always make the turns you specify perfectly,
    so do NOT rely on it. Give it some room to manuever. I would try to
    set the intermediate waypoints in mid-air.
    For completeness' sake, add a few waypoints all around the impact zone
    just to make SURE it hit something.
    Use sonic pulsers, not disruptor pulse, to try to open holes in USOs.
    You can carry 7 shots on each disruptor pulse user. Backpack can fit
    three, plus 2 on belt, plus one in left hand, and you have one in the
    launcher itself.
    9.4.5     Rookie Sonic Fodder
    One possible if cruel tactic is to use rookies instead of SWS as
    scouts. A rookie is a smaller target, though have less armor and a lot
    less TUs. On the other hand, they cost about 1/9th as much.
    Just make sure you give them weapons that won't cause too much damage
    if it turns out they are susceptible to alien MC...
    Jeff James has a different variation: the Rookie Kamikaze. Give the
    rookie lots of PRIMED sonic pulsers (12?) all in the backpack, then
    run him/her straight into a group of aliens. Aliens will kill him/her,
    spilling all grenades on the floor. Turn ends, and ALL will explode
    one by one, doing 1440 pts of damage to anything nearby.
    9.4.6     Leave opportunity for shots
    To make opportunity shots in the enemy movement phase, you need TU's
    left unused, as well as a high reactions rating (over 50 preferred).
    BUG: underwater-only weapons fire on land during op. fire.
    9.4.7     Saving ammo
    XCOM has a peculiar way of counting ammo usage: any clip that was
    fired (even just one round!) is consider "spent" at the end of the
    scenario UNLESS unloaded from the weapon.
    So, if you just fired one round, unload it when the end of battlescape
    is near (you DID time the alien movement phase, didn't you? )
    Interestingly, the same thing applies to the aliens as well! If you
    panic the aliens and they drop their weapons, you should pick them up
    and unload them, toss the ammo clip aside. That way you gain a clip
    independent of the gun you got (plus clips the alien was carrying).
    Do this with disruptor pulse launchers later. Lots of aliens carry
    them later (almost ALL aliens on base attack missions carry disruptor
    pulse launchers)
    This is REALLY important now on two-stage missions since you only get
    to keep what's actually ON your soldiers.
    9.5  Movement
    Moving around the battlescape is NOT as easy as click and watch. Doing
    that may put you into situations you may not wish to be in, and you
    also need to know WHERE you want to go.
    9.5.1     Encumbrance
    Encumbrance is the amount of "stuff" that an aquanaut can carry
    without "overloading". EVERYTHING in the game has a weight value, and
    the more weight an aquanaut carries, more energy is used per turn. If
    you REALLY overload, TU is reduced.
    The heaviest items are the "dead bodies", then the cannons (except
    sonic cannon, which weighs amazingly little, unless OSG has a typo).
    The moral: do not overload.
    9.5.2     Deployment from Transport into Battle
    Always send an SWS out first... It will at least make aliens nearby to
    waste their weapons on it, not your aquanauts.
    Prime a grenade for most soldiers and be ready to throw. There's
    usually a few aliens nearby.
    Move the initial soldiers at least 8 squares away before deploying the
    next two so you don't invite grenades or torpedoes.
    If you have mag. ion armor, fly up and stand on top of the transport
    to clear the "blind side"
    9.5.3     Use the terrain!
    You can use the terrain in other ways than just hiding behind
    Use secondary explosions to your advantage! If alien is standing next
    to volatile object like fuel drums, blow THAT up!
    Aliens do try to shoot through each other, so if you have NOWHERE to
    hide, hide BEHIND an alien and pray.
    Kneel whenever possible. It increases your accuracy and decreases the
    enemy's (make you a smaller target)
    WARNING: you may have to kneel down to look through windows. Be
    careful as you "clear" buildings or your aquanauts will get shot in
    the back.
    Always hide behind something; it could mean the difference between a
    wound vs. death! Of course, that also means that you have to have
    enough TUs, which is related to snap shots vs aimed shots and pistols
    vs. rifles.
    If you have magnetic ion armor, fly one level up will protect you from
    grenades AND HTH attacks. This is VERY useful on base raids since then
    the Lobstermen can only shoot you, and once you MC them and made them
    threw away their weapons, they're practically harmless. Of course, you
    are still not protected against flying creatures.
    9.5.4     Spread out and cover each other (formation)
    Bunch up invites enemy attack you with sonic pulsers, or worse,
    disruptor pulses. Stay AT LEAST five squares apart. Sonic pulsers
    (alien grenades) are now HE damage of 120, 33% more powerful than
    alien grenades in XCOM1.. . Which means ONE grenade can kill LOTS more
    soldiers... Same goes for Disruptor pulse torpedoes... Here's a simple
    demonstration with a four person fire team:
    A ----------> A
          C ----------> C
    B ----------> B
          D ----------> D
    They should be at least six squares away from each other.
    9.5.5     More formations
    The above is actually a modified skirmish line. You can also use wedge
    or diamond formations. I usually use a large wedge with a SWS as the
    point element, with supporting staff behind and to the sides. Heavy
    weapons hide 6 squares behind the SWS, along with a grenadier or two.
    The rest, usually shooters, follow the SWS in the wedge.
    9.5.6     Movement Tips
    You CAN spin in place by putting the cursor on the square you wish to
    face, then RIGHT click.
    You can open doors without stepping through by going up to the door,
    face the door (see above), then RIGHT click with cursor just behind
    the door.
    Try not to walk into the green moss/seaweed. They use up A LOT of TU!
    Therefore, you may want to guide your units AROUND potential
    obstacles, rather than let them stumble through a lot of stuff and use
    up all their TUs.
    Some have reported that if you stand on elevators you will not be
    attacked, while you can keep shooting. This does NOT work on stairs
    9.5.7     Listen and watch
    Watch carefully in alien movement phase. Sometimes you CAN spot them
    moving around. TRY to remember the surrounding terrain, then go to
    overhead map or scroll around and see if you can spot where that was.
    Watch carefully where the shots came from. Aliens use TUs when they
    move, just like you do.
    Sound can give you important clues to alien locations. If you hear
    door sounds, you know alien moved in/out of a door. Different door
    makes different sounds.
    Aliens also have no manners. They leave doors open after they go
    through. Watch doors carefully.
    The length of the alien movement phase is proportional to the number
    of hostile aliens left on the map. Just keep in mind that stunned
    aliens can wake up, though rather unlikely. Those that drop
    unconscious from taking a regular shot (not a stun shot) are more
    likely to wake up.
    9.6  Movement FAQ
    Q: Some of my soldiers have TU's used before I moved them. Why?
    A: Each soldier has a physical weight limit to the amount of "stuff"
    he or she can carry, usually known as "encumbrance". If you carry less
    than or equal to the encumbrance, no penalty is assessed. For each
    weight unit over the limit, you get a TU penalty. Carry too much and
    you can't move at all! I haven't found the weight table yet, but I
    expect to soon.
    Q: How can I fire on aliens in their movement phase?
    A: This is called "opportunity fire". Leave enough TU's after your
    move for at least a snap shot, then if your trooper saw an alien and
    has good enough reactions s/he will fire at the alien.
    HINT: Use the 4 icons near the bottom left of screen to reserve the
    TUs. Reactions usually need to be above 50.
    Q: How do I open doors?
    A: Target your soldier to move up to the door. Turn to face the door
    (right click behind door), then right click one more time to open the
    door without going in.
    HINT: Do not open doors without plenty of spare TU's or expect to DIE.
    Using a motion scanner will help to see if any aliens moved beyond the
    HINT: When you are not sure, create another door! Either shoot a hole
    in the wall or blow up the entire wall with sonic pulser, HE, Sonic
    Cannon, or Disruptor Pulse.
    9.7  Time Unit management
    The reserve TU buttons are useful, but ONLY FOR PROJECTILE WEAPONS.
    Missile weapons (Disruptor Pulse launcher, torpedo launcher, etc.) as
    well as HTH weapons are NOT affected by reserve TU buttons! In other
    words, if your aquanauts are armed with those weapons, they will act
    as if they are under FREE MOVEMENT even if you have one of the reserve
    TU buttons selected!
    There are two additional reserve TU buttons. One is the "reserve
    kneel" button, which should be obvious. This button CAN be combined
    with the other reserve TU buttons so you have enough TU to do both.
    The other button is "zero TU", which uses up ALL of the aquanaut's TU.
    Since this is used very infrequently, this button must be RIGHT
    CLICKED. Why would you need such a button? To prevent some rookie with
    a heavy weapon from frying your own people with opportunity fire would
    one, and to prevent possible MC victim from inflicting damage upon
    his/her comrades.
    9.8  Retreat (Tactical withdrawal)
    Sometimes you can't win and it's time to cut your losses. To retreat
    from a landing assault (sub recovery or assault, terror site), move
    any many units as you can back into the transport, then hit the dust-
    off button. Any units left behind are "missing in action".
    If the only solider onboard the transport is unconscious and you
    select dust-off, s/he's also missing in action, and you lose the
    transport. Fortunately, if the remaining unit is an SWS, you WILL get
    the transport back. (that's a bug, IMHO)
    To retreat from a base defense mission, just hit dust-off. You will
    lose the whole base to the aliens, of course, including the crafts (no
    home elsewhere for them)
    9.9  Alien Movement
    9.9.1     Alien Movement and visual range
    >> Do the aliens have better night vision?  <<
    Yes, a few squares more
    >> Why they can shoot at you but you don't see them?  <<
    They can see you... And the XCOM AI cheats slightly: it REMEMBERS your
    Aliens capitalize on this by moving forward, spot you, then move back
    out of range. Then for next X turns those aliens in range shoot at you
    out of your visual range.
               |  |           YOU
    This is why soldiers may get mind-blasted even if no aliens are in
    sight. Aliens REMEMBER where you were...
    WARNING: aliens are a lot sneakier now and shoots from different
    levels (guns, grenades, and disruptors), and often hides behind things
    to stay invisible.
    9.9.2     Alien movement habits?
    Nowadays, aliens usually do not charge you unless they have HTH
    capability, like Lobsterman, or they have HTH weapons like vibroblade.
    If they only carry a gun, they may just walk around.
    I've seen a Gillman walked up to within three squares of one of my
    soldiers, then turned around and ran.
    The OSG has a chart on how many enemies or what type to expect on each
    type of mission.
    10.1 USO Recoveries and Assaults
    Attack on subs shot down is "recovery"
    Attack on landed USOs (not downed) is "assault"
    10.1.1    Assault/Recovery preparations
    USO missions are all underwater, so you can bring all types of weapons
    and SWSs along.
    If you left equipment on the floor in a Triton (did not distribute all
    objects during equip screen), you can pick it up again, but you can't
    do that in a Leviathan. Wierd, but true.
    You better NOT right-click during Equip Squad screen or the Aquanaut
    Data screen you access from it... That is the same as clicking OKAY.
    You should save your game immediately after equiping your squad.
    10.1.2    Assault/Recovery tactics and tips
    SWSs CAN enter an USO with a single-width door if you help make the
    door wider with a disruptor pulse launcher and/or a sonic pulser. Just
    target the panel beside the door with a sonic pulser or disruptor
    pulse. On the other hand, most subs now have two-wide doors
    Sonic pulsers and disruptor pulses can be used to punch a hole in the
    outside wall of USOs, creating an alternate entrance. This will allow
    you to surprise the aliens inside since usually they gather by the
    doors waiting for you.
    Corollary: if downed USO has holes on the side due to damage, try go
    in through that instead, as aliens usually wait by the doors, and you
    can surprise them that way.
    Corollary: if you have mag. ion armor, on a multi-level USOs, consider
    attack from top down by blasting a hole in the roof or top level,
    posting guards near the sub doors or use proximity grenades. You can
    do this easily with the "Fleet Supply Cruiser" since FSC has top
    Post guards outside an USO when attacking inside. Any aliens already
    outside will attempt to return, and getting shot from behind is not
    fun. You can try sweeping the outside first, but then you have to
    leave guards against the USO doors.
    NEVER use up all of your TU as you go through a door. You WILL get
    fried. Stop one/two squares from the door and end the turn. With
    maximum TU available next turn, go through.
    Alien subs have a lot of nooks and cranies, better be careful. Try not
    to shoot the alien tech stuff...
    Go AROUND the obstacles, and save TU for more important things..
    Don't use heavy weapons INSIDE the subs unless you are the "I'll take
    one of those bastards with me" type of fighter.
    Try NOT to use the door if possible. Unconventional entrances,
    especially those caused by disruptor bolts on upper levels, tend to
    REALLY surprise aliens. Of course, you need mag.ion armor to use
    Remember large USOs have PLENTY of aliens... Be careful!
    10.2 Colony assaults
    Alien colonies cost you points EVERY DAY they exist, so you should get
    rid of them ASAP.
    10.2.1    Colony Assault Preparation
    Bring mostly guns and rifles. You should be able to find disruptor
    pulse launchers and ammo locally, as well as thermal shok bomb
    launchers and ammo.
    The HE-armed SWS and/or disruptor pulse launchers can be very useful,
    so don't leave those at home.
    You should be expecting a lot of MC attacks, so leave the MC-weaklings
    at home, and bring some MC disruptors for MC combat.
    10.2.2    Colony Assault General Tactics and Tips
    The trick in colony assaults is use a lot of grenades and disruptor
    pulses. Use grenades to clear corners, part. disp. grenades to block
    corridors and/or doors so no one can come up behind you (esp.
    Tentaculats!), disruptors to open walls so you don't have to go extra
    distance around things.
    MC can be important here.  Use MC to turn aliens on each other, then
    disarm the ones close to you and then stun/grenade them.
    Colony assualts are now "two-parters". You have to fight your way into
    the base, then into the heart of the base deep underground.
    10.2.3    Colony Assault Part 1
    The "into" part isn't that bad, except most aliens to be armed with
    disruptor pulse launchers. Others use lots of grenades and carry HTH
    weapons. Of course, there's always those biological nightmares like
    Tentaculats and Hallucinoids.
    The base is composed of a two-story main module, a two-story secondary
    module to the north, three "arms" as entraces to the east, west, and
    south, and the M.C. Transmission towers to the east and west edge.
    I would recommend you ignore the "arms" and attack the main module
    directly. Blow a hole in the main module, then send some disruptors
    inside, then up to second level. There's usually two Tentaculats and
    two Tasoths squad leaders on the second level.
    You can get into the second part of the base without killing all the
    aliens by finding the "exit area" in the "secondary module", but it's
    not that hard killing all the aliens if you're careful. Hallucinoids
    are outside hiding by the towers. Lots of Tasoths and Aquatoids
    inside, with two to four Tentaculats.
    Alien snipers love to fire from windows on both upper story
    According to MicroProse, all aliens stunned on "top" (first part) are
    counted as DEAD. Only aliens captured in the second level count. Also,
    you lose ALL equipment not ON a soldier in the first part. This
    "problem" is sort of fixed by the TFTDV2 patch. See What about any
    bugs? Any patches?]
    10.2.4    Colony Assault Part 2
    The second part is messy. There are so many rooms to cover, and the
    whole place is infested with mostly Lobsterman and a few Tentaculats.
    Fortunately, a few of the Lobsterman seem to be armed with Thermal
    Shok Bombs instead of the deadly Sonic Cannons and/or Disruptor
    You start out on level 2 (bottom is 0) in double-height rooms. Your
    objective is the Synonium device on level 0. If you destroy that, you
    can retreat. The base is ruined.
    The rooms are hard to defend, with too many doors. Back up against the
    wall and face the doors, and NEVER stop in the middle of a room...
    The Synonium device is in a small room USUALLY guarded by two
    Lobsterman Commanders and a Lobsterman Navigator (could be 3
    commanders). It is VERY easy to recognize if you've seen it once. On
    Level 1 it is usually marked by a crosswalk very close to it.
    If you are short on time, just torpedo the room. If not, blast a hole
    in side wall and drop in a grenade.
    Synomium device is explosive, so don't get too close when it blows.
    Consider guarding the entrance/exit area so you have a way out.
    10.3 Artifact site assault
    Alien activity has attracted the attention of XCOM to an alien
    artifact site with LARGE versions of the Synomium device used to
    construct a world-wide M.C. network. You must destroy it at all
    costs... Another two-level mission.
    You can't just land and leave in this mission. If you got into stage 2
    but did not destroy the device before withdrawing, you lose 750
    points. (if you ignore the site you lose 2000 pts!)
    10.3.1    Artifact site part 1 -- Pyramids
    This is NOT quite as easy as alien colony. In fact, this battlefield
    reminds quite a few X-COM veterans of the Pyramids on Mars, and it is
    harder, in fact. There are just too many structures around to explore
    and clear one by one, so don't try. You should head STRAIGHT for the
    exit. Explore the buildings nearby and spot the exit quickly.
    The building housing the exit is the same, even though the rest of the
    battlefield is variable. Find it, move in, and hit [DUST OFF].
    Watch for snipers! Don't hesitate to blow apart the top of pyramids
    with a disruptor pulse if you think there's a sniper in it.
    If you think you've found the exit, send in a SWS first. There's
    probably a guard inside that you need to take care of.
    10.3.2    Artifact site part 2 -- Into the darkness
    You start in small rooms. Go down the elevators to level 0...
    Once outside on level 0, explore carefully. Your main objective is the
    control center on level 3 ("ground" is level 0), and to get there, you
    need to find the "main elevator" that leads up. There are rooms mainly
    on level 0 and 1, and a lot of small elevators linking them.
    Watch out for a Hallucinoid hiding in the main elevator in level 0,
    and Tentaculats hiding in a hibernation chamber in main elevator's
    level 1 to the east.
    Tentaculats hides all over the place in the control room, especially
    in upper levels. With so many TU, they are EXTREMEMLY dangerous.
    The safest way is use a displacer. Send one up and in, let the
    Tentaculats sting it to no effect. Then move inside that little
    alcove, and shoot the synomium device.
    If you don't have displacer, use particle displacement grenades to
    trap the left/right sides of the doorways so when aliens come to you
    they will trip them. If you have MC, take over visible aliens and use
    them as both scout and bait
    Once you wiped out the Synomium device on the top of the elevator on
    level 3, the mission is over and you can leave by the way you came in.
    10.4 Anti-Terror Mission in general
    Your top priority is self-preservation. Killing 9 out of your 10
    soldiers to save a city or ship is NOT worth it. If given a choice to
    save your soldier or to save a civilian, save the soldier.
    Consider stunning the civilians. Stunning the civilians makes them
    "unpalatable" to the alien terrorists, and they count as saved at the
    end of the mission. (WARNING: when they wake up, they count as ENEMY
    and you must kill them! )
    Do NOT mind control any of the civilians. They count as ENEMY after
    you release control and you must kill them!  (They can't attack you,
    of course, but you have to kill them to finish the mission.)
    Kill Tentaculats ASAP. If necessary, kill the civilian near it so that
    the civilian will not be turned into a zombie/drone that will attack
    you. Have two persons watch each other.
    WARNING: Do NOT hit [dust off] in the second stage of a two-stage
    mission. Doing so will result in death of ALL civilians, even those
    you "saved" in the first stage.
    If you can't handle a terror site, just land then dust off
    immediately. You lose points for the dead civvies, but you did not
    "ignore" it, and thus is not penalized as severely. Of course, on a
    two-stage mission, the number of civilian casualties makes this
    "technique" not quite as useful.
    Never go straight into any room. Always open the door, take a peek,
    THEN go in.
    10.4.1    Port Terror missions
    This one is relatively easy, being only a one-parter. On the other
    hand, the aliens tend to shoot down at you from higher levels in the
    various warehouses and buildings. They also tend to hide in toolsheds.
    So when in doubt, GRENADE IT!
    Often the battle devolves to "hunt the last alien". Here's some
    favorite alien hiding places: on top of tower, on top floor of that
    three story building near north edge, in that "warehouse" in the
    middle, in the little "tool sheds" all around.
    Towers frequently have alien snipers, as will any catwalks in
    10.4.2    Island Terror missions
    This one is STILL relatively easy, being on a one-parter. This one is
    tough due to the little "bunkers" hiding in some of the hills,
    especially the big bunker right below those statues. Biodrones tend to
    hide in there, and going in there digging them out is NOT a good idea.
    Don't destroy the stairs in the resort; go easy on the HE stuff. If
    you destroy the stairs you can't get to the level above...
    Favorite alien hiding places are: all those hill bunkers, top floor of
    the "resort" (are they getting a tan or what?), between the hills.
    10.4.3    Cargo Ship Terror missions
    The cargo ship terror mission is probably the TOUGHEST type of mission
    you'll ever run into, being a two-parter. There are SO MANY places to
    hide in a cargo ship!  The passages are narrower and more intricate.
    The ceilings are low, making grenades almost useless, but you have no
    heavy firepower to take its place! (Where's a rocket launcher when you
    need one?)
    Obvious: don't stand too close to oil drums
    First Stage: After clearing the immediate vicinity, split team in two
    and clear the upper decks, then sweep the below decks one room at a
    time. NEVER run out of TU and never stop in the middle of a room.
    Alien love to hide in closets... If you don't see civilians around,
    blow up the room with grenades.
    Second Stage: Be VERY careful when the upper levels have a clear field
    of fire toward your aquanauts: plenty of favorite sniper spots.
    Watch out for Gillman grenadiers. They throw sonic pulsers from Level
    3, and you can't shoot back due to bad angle! (And disruptor pulse
    launcher don't work on land, neither does mag.ion armor!) If you find
    a stair going up, take it. The aliens are often above you.
    10.4.4    Cruise Ship Terror missions
    It's the stairs that makes this one hard... And it is a two-parter.
    There are twice as many civilians as a one-part mission, which makes
    the game that much more difficult.
    WARNING: Don't stand too close to oil drums...
    First stage: Watch for aliens hiding behind the cargo boxes next to
    your sub. One grenade and there goes your whole team!
    You'll probably get sniped by aliens from the upper balcony.
    Hide behind tables and other things whenever possible.
    Usually aliens don't hide in rooms; they tend to hang around the
    corridors. Suggest you divide into several small teams, maybe two or
    so and tackle both corridor's and/or outside decks simultaneously. As
    the range is short, have HTH weapons available, and do NOT overload so
    you lose TU.
    Second stage: Clean out the cargo hold first, then split the team and
    clear both sides simultaneously (you may catch aliens in cross-fire),
    then split again and clear upper/lower levels.
    10.5 XCOM Base Defense
    You DID plan your base as mentioned in [How do I design a easy to
    defend base?], didn't you? If you did, you should have an easy time
    rushing units to block the aliens.
    MPS listened to players, and you get 110 items on base defense now,
    and you won't get "50 flares and no guns" again, as the computer
    actually goes through the inventory and distributes the item somewhat
    evenly among the different types of weapons.
    You must use Par Dis Grenades to isolate parts of the base so the
    aliens cannot converge on you. Then clean out one module at a time. Do
    it fast since aliens hiding in second level is a REAL PAIN to find.
    Aliens attack the base to DESTROY your base, and if failing that, they
    want to destroy as many modules as possible so the base will need to
    be repaired. Becareful that if they destroy a module so the the OTHER
    modules are no longer connected to the base, THAT SECTION is
    considered DESTROYED.
    Number of attacking aliens depend solely on the landing USO type.
    Weapons stored around sub pens are highly explosive, keep that in mind
    when you shoot in a sub pen, as it is both a blessing and a curse.
    Remember a stunned aquanaut can always be revived.
    WARNING: If the airlock is destroyed, the entire base is gone, so be
    careful with HE stuff around the airlock. Of course, you still need to
    clean out all four levels of it...
    WARNING: If you hit DUST OFF during base defense, you lose the entire
    base and everything/everyone in it. If that's your only/last base, you
    lose the whole game.
    10.6 Mastering T'leth--The Final Assault
    This is a THREE-parter... and you don't get to save in the last part!
    Oh, how do you GET there?  First, does your research show "T'leth, the
    alien city"? If not, grab a commander and interrogate it. Then, do you
    have a Leviathan? Good! Arm your Leviathan with your best soldiers and
    equipment, and hit INTERCEPT. Next to the CANCEL button should be
    T'LETH. Push it, and you're on your way!
    By the way, did I mention you only get ONE chance against T'leth (not
    counting restoring saved games)?
    10.6.1    Preparation
    No mercy, folks. Sonic cannon and/or Disruptor pulse launchers with
    lots of reloads. Bring some extra grenades as well. You don't get
    reloads except by stripping alien dead bodies...
    Don't forget HTH weapons, since you're no doubt going to see a lot of
    Lobstermen. Thermic lance definitely.
    Magnetic Ion Armor for all aquanauts, nothing else will do.
    You need best of the best, highest MC ratings available.
    You can bring along a few SWSs, preferably Displacer/Sonic, be aware
    that its manueverability may be restricted, esp. in Stage two and
    three if you don't help it along by widening the doors.
    Bring a lot of disruptor pulse launchers. You can find PLENTY of ammo
    around the enemy bases.
    Definitely bring along some Medikits, if you have them. T'leth stages
    are VERY long, and wounded won't survive without medikits.
    10.6.2    T'Leth Stage 1 --Outer City
    You start in staging areas. Your objective is to find the exit area
    and dust off. Interior is similar to the second stage of the artifact
    site mission.
    You are welcome to try hunting down every last alien, but that is not
    Some rooms contain explosive stuff... Fight at your own peril.
    Aliens hide in the elevators in several rooms. They wait for you to
    come into the lower level, then they come down, shoot, and go back up.
    When entering such room, go into corners and look toward elevators. If
    possible, send something ELSE up first. On the other hand, the rooms
    with SMALL elevators are not worth tackling.
    WARNING: exit area is NOT as big as it looks. When in doubt, use the
    overhead map, or you will be missing a lot of stuff when you start the
    next stage, such as a few of your soldiers.
    Energy state is carried over to next stage. Therefore, if your
    aquanauts ran around a lot and energy is low, allow them to rest on
    this stage (safely) before taking them to next stage.
    To find the exit area, look for a 2x2 elevator on Level 0. Send the
    SWS up if you got one, let it take the heat, while you take the glory.
    10.6.3    T'Leth Stage 2 --Inner City
    Only equipment you carried into the exit area is available...
    DANG! Who designed this level? The staging area is big and bright, but
    the rest of the base is small, thin corridor and small dark rooms,
    ZILLIONS of places for ambush. Suggest you use HE to open up some
    manuevering room.
    Lots of aliens with disruptor pulse lanchers in this stage.
    You can blow through the walls and take a short cut. The exit area is
    not as obvious on this stage. In fact, you MUST blow away some walls
    to take the SWS along. The Exit Area is close to the 3x3 elevator.
    Remember to send in a SWS first, if you have one.
    WARNING: exit area is NOT as big as it looks, and is actually SMALLER
    than Stage 1's exit area. When in doubt, use the overhead map, or you
    will be missing a lot of stuff when you start the next stage. You need
    to get EVERY unit onto the EXIT area since those not on will be left
    Energy state is carried over to next stage. Therefore, if your
    aquanauts ran around a lot and energy is low, allow them to rest on
    this stage for a few turns before taking them to next stage.
    10.6.4    T'Leth Stage 3 -- Crypt of the Ultimate Alien
    This map is BIG! You all start on upper left corner of the map, and
    you go all around the outer edge of the base with no way to bypass any
    (i.e. cannot blow through walls).
    WARNING: You can NOT save during this battlescape session.
    This stage is brightly lit and open (relatively)
    Watch out for aliens JUST outside the room you came in... Use MC
    whenever possible for scouting, or send a grenade/bomb or two
    Watch out for "death from above" terrorists such as Tentaculats.
    SWS needs help going through the level's single-width doors.
    Map view does not work in this stage, but it's basically a clock-wise
    spiral into the middle of the compound.
    Your objective is to locate the stasis chamber of the Ultimate Alien,
    and destroy the 8 power conduits nodes that are keeping him alive. The
    stasis chamber is in the middile of the map, and you're going clock-
    wise spiraling in.
    Walk slowly. There's a lot of room to cover. You don't want to run out
    of energy and become sitting (standing?) ducks.
    You can't damage Ultimate Alien's Crypt. Just destroy the power nodes
    and that'll kill him. The Nodes are NOT explosive.
    Q: How do I cheat?
    A: If you REALLY want to cheat, here's how to add TONS to money into
    your account. Yes, you are embezzling the world to support XCOM. You
    are twisting arms, and it is for a GOOD cause. :-D
    Use a sector editor (such as Norton DiskEdit) and edit LIGLOB. DAT in
    your saved game's directory. Overwrite the first 8 bytes with
    64 64 64 64 00 00 00 00...
    You should get about 1.68 billion dollars. (In case you are wondering,
    64646464h is a hexadecimal number. In decimal it is 1,684,300,900)
    You can also use
    FF FF FF 7F 00 00 00 00...
    Which will give you about 2.1 billion dollars. (7FFFFFFFh =
    If you need more help, try finding these at the XCOM Homepage, see
    section 1.
    All information provided here are garnered from around the world. I
    canNOT guarantee that ANY of the solutions will work nor is any of the
    information here "official".
         PROBLEM: I can't get the intro animation (CD only) to run.
         TRY THIS: Double-check your CD's I/O address (unless you use SCSI
         CD). If you use MIDI, see if your CD's address conflict with the
         MIDI address. Some Gravis cards have problem with CD intro...
         PROBLEM: I get the "blue text bug" (program is running, then all
         of a sudden I get blue 40-column text crawling all over the place
         and I get dumped to DOS or some other place) quite often.
         TRY THIS: XCOM/TFTD is actually two separate programs: GeoScape
         and Battlescape. Each has a different requirement. One wants more
         extended memory, other wants more conventional memory. You must
         maximize BOTH. To do so, create a boot disk. ONLY HIMEM and
         EMM386, NOEMS specified. DOS4GW don't need EMS. If you use
         MEMMAKER and similar programs, remember to specify "no expanded
         memory", and optimize the memory again. Also, do NOT use any disk
         cache (SMARTDRV) or similar software that uses a lot of extended
         memory, especially on systems with only 4 megs of RAM.
         PROBLEM: I use Version 1 and have SB16 with Waveblaster, but I
         can't get SB16 digital sound to work together with general MIDI.
         TRY THIS: Apply the V2 patch. If you don't have the patch and
         can't get to it, use SB16 digital sound with Adlib FM, or use SB
         (8-bit) digital sound with general MIDI. You just can't use both.
         See "What about any bugs? Any patches?"
    Order of entries are only dependent upon order received. :-)
    Title: Totally Unauthorized X-COM: Terror From the Deep
    Price: $17.99
    Author: Jeff James
    Publisher: ////BradyGAMES Publishing
    ISBN # 1-56686302-3
    Order Number : 1-800-428-5331
    Yes, the same Jeff James who interviewed Mr.Gollop for Computer Gaming
    World and the same one who helped me write THIS Un-official Strategy
    Guide. I borrowed his chapter structure for this revision.
    His book will include maps for all USOs, maps for all terror sites (at
    least one variation of it), map of colony sites (both levels), and
    complete map to T'leth.
    Title: XCOM:Terror From the Deep-- The Official Strategy Guide
    Price: $19.95
    Author: David Ellis
    Publisher: Prima Publishing
    ISBN # 0-76150074-X
    Well, David Ellis' second book is quite a bit better than his first,
    but still not quite there. Yes, it's got all the nice charts and
    numbers, and maps to all the USOs, and it has more recommendations
    now, but lots of places could be improved upon.
    I have the OSG here, and several sections looks... Uh... FAMILIAR! :-)

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