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    FAQ/Strategy Guide by PEDEG

    Updated: 07/23/06 | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

    Rome Total War: Alexander 
    Strategy Guide first print
    (for intermediate players)
    by: A.H.W. aka Blood Rage
    23 July 2006
    Table of contents
    1.0 Author's note
    2.0 Alexander: Introduction
    3.0 Troops
    	3.1 Infantries
    	3.2 Missiles
    	3.3 Cavalries
    4.0 Command
    	4.1 Commanding a phalanx based army
    5.0 Terrain
    6.0 Buildings
    7.0 Economy
    8.0 City Happiness
    9.0 How my game went
    	9.1 Attacking a stone walled city during siege
    10.0 Questions
    11.0 Credits & Disclaimer
    1.0 Author's note
    This guide is for slightly experienced players. I have no 
    experience playing in multiplayer. 
    This is not a comprehensive guide detailing everything you 
    need to know but rather elaborating more on strategies, rather 
    than game bugs, info, or cheats. Please no more e-mails asking 
    me about cheats beause I don't do cheats. The game here is on 
    'very hard/very hard' because anything less than that is too 
    easy from STW, MYW and RTW. Therefore, some mastery of basic 
    commands are recommended. 
    All this strategies here are exactly from my own play. 
    I also assume that the readers would be familiar with the 
    geography and terms of the game. 
    I recommend for readers to read from start to end as some 
    concepts applied later are explained in earlier paragraphs. 
    2.0 Alexander: Introduction
    Which war gamer buff does not know of Alexander the Great? 
    So now's the chance for you to play in his sandals and kick 
    some Persian butt. The campaign is designed in a linear 
    fashion where there is only one plot to follow and there is 
    a time limit to complete the campaign, 100 turns to hold 30 
    settlements including 10 specific settlements. There's only 
    a total of 32 settlements on the map including one which you 
    cannot capture due to terrain blocks. 
    So, is 100 turns impossible? On very hard/very hard? I did 
    in 47 turns without rushing the last 22 turns. took my time 
    to get an elite stack from babylon. the starting is a bit 
    tough on the nerves as the persians had large stacks roaming 
    about but I was very lucky too with the early ambush. Anyway, 
    what I'm trying to say here is that don't panic and play it 
    Oh, and this game should be seen as an extra. If you expect 
    a full fledged campaign on this add-on you'll be disappointed 
    with not able to play the other factions. It's basically an 
    Alexanderphile fest. Not much replayability potential.
    3.0 Troops
    The troops available to Alexander are varied. I'll start with 
    the infantry as they are the bulk of the units available. 
    3.1 Infantries
    Your most basic unit besides the peasants are hoplites which 
    are rather decent compared to the non-phalanx infantry. Those 
    who are familiar with phalanx play will have no trouble. 
    The hypaspists are akin to legionary type units with throwing 
    spears and a decent attack and defence but in truth, they don't 
    have the staying power of the roman legions. they have some of 
    the highest casualty rate among my troops even though they 
    seldom fight the enemy face on. 
    The phalangists are superb and takes 2 turns to train. They are 
    like phalanx pikemen. They are very reliable and are battle 
    winners if used correctly. 
    The rest of the infantry are mercenaries but they are quite 
    good. The only drawback is that they have a higher maintainance 
    cost. Mercenaries hoplites are a must at the start. The Eastern 
    Infantry may not fight greatly but they are cheap to garrison 
    when you need to move onwards fast. 
    3.2 Missiles
    There's only 1 missile foot soldier available to train in cities, 
    the Agravian Skirmishes which I seldom use. If I need skirmishing 
    done, I'd use the Hypaspists as they have more damage rating and 
    can melee. The mercenaries are better such as Cretan Archers 
    (you'll get it quite late to actually make any difference), 
    Rhodian Slingers, Illyrian Mercs and such skirmishers. Then again 
    from the outset this campaign is heavily phalanx and cavalry 
    3.3 Cavalries
    The cavalry is good and reliable. The prodromoi is not much but 
    have a good charge bonus. The Allied cavalry are dependable and 
    lasted till the end. The Companion cavalry are simply powerful 
    but hard to retrain. Fortunately you can hire Companion Cavalry 
    as mercenaries. The other cavalry I like are the Steppe Cavalry 
    which you can hire as mercs. There's the Dahae Horse Archers 
    which are just so-so and don't make much difference to the 
    overall play. You can get early merc javelin cavalry but be 
    warned that they are not a match for the persian version. 
    Lastly, be warned that the general units except Alexander are so 
    much easier to die. Just look at their stats. I lost generals 
    charging into the flank of the enemy spearmen even when the unit 
    remains relatively intact as the general was the first to fall. 
    So, use your generals sparingly. This includes Parmenion. 
    4.0 Commands
    Learn some basic hotkeys like grouping, select all and switching 
    phalanx mode. 
    The basic idea of the battles is to use phalanx to hold and 
    cavalry to crush. So I suggest you get the hang of controlling a 
    phalanx line offensively. It's so easy to defend using phalanx... 
    or so i thought. In this campaign it's actually easier to attack 
    with the phalanx than to wait for the enemy to rush into you. The 
    AI tends to aim for my flanks with projectiles and followed up by 
    cavalry. If my troops break they always break from one flank. But 
    when I go on the offensive even when I am the defender, I manage 
    to go straight head on and do not give them much time to 
    reorganise to pick on my flanks. 
    The cavalry are designed for rushing behind the enemy lines and 
    hitting them from behind like the 'hammer and anvil' strategy. 
    Honestly, this seldom happen for me. I have used the hammer and 
    anvil strategy in RTW and RTW:BI but here the AI seldom ever gave 
    me the chance as they use their superior cavalry numbers to 
    harass my flanks trying down my cavalry or my cavalry needed to 
    cut down enemy projectiles who are committing murder on my troops. 
    Anyway, it doesn't matter as the phalanx are just too powerful 
    and all infantry try just fall away if left alone. 
    There are many ways to control phalanx. Here's my long description 
    of my technique of controlling a phalanx based army.
    4.1 Commanding a phalanx based army
    When you start the battle, first set up your phalanx unit formation. 
    What the computer normally do is to line your phalanx up in a line 
    for you with about 4-5 men deep even for units with less men. That 
    makes things easier for you. If you wanna select all your phalanx 
    and set them up yourself, it's ok too but you got to make sure the 
    depth is equal in all units as your unit numbers may vary due to
    casualties. If you need to place certain phalanx units in certain 
    positions, do it first. For example if you have hoplites and 
    phalangists in your army and you wanna place all the hoplites in 
    the center, then at the start you select all your hoplites, group 
    them and right click them somewhere back but DO NOT change their 
    direction. Then manually select each phalangists and right click 
    them beside the hoplites, again do not change their directions so 
    that they all face the same way. Tweak to your heart's content and 
    follow the same steps. 
    Now just select all your phalanx units and group them. Place that 
    group anywhere you want on the map (hopefully facing the enemy) by 
    simply select the group and hold down right click to set the 
    heading. By grouping them you will not be able to change their 
    formation as you place them in any direction you want which is a 
    good thing as it's a hassle to reset the formation. Also switch them 
    to standard formation as you'll most likely need to move them about 
    first if you are the attacker. Then manually select the other units 
    to set them up around your phalanx. I usually place missle units 
    behind the phalanx and the cavalry behind the phalanx at the sides. 
    Do not place your cavalry beyond the side of your phalanx or it will 
    just attract enemy to them and also make the group movement control 
    awkward. This is how it should look like:
    cavalry                     cavalry
    cavalry       general       cavalry
    Do notice that the cavalry in the flanks do not cross the flanks 
    of the phalanx. This makes groupcontrol so much easier because the 
    game take the top left corner of your group as the reference point 
    for group maneuvres. So, if you have a nice square end, the reference 
    point will be the top left phalanx soldier. But if you have units 
    further left to your top most soldier, then you will have an 
    'invisible' reference point as the game intersects the uppermost and 
    leftmost soldier lines to give you your reference point. Like this 
    case where the (`) becomes the reference point:
    `    ++++++++phalanx+++++++++
    cavalry                     cavalry
    Why is this reference point important? Well, let me ask you... if you 
    can't see your reference point, how will you be able to finely control 
    the direction of your units quickly? This is all important for phalanx 
    as any unwanted change of direction can be dangerous.
    Now once the formation is set, select all units by pressing 'ctrl-a' 
    and group them all by pressing 'g'. Then you can start the battle. 
    Move your army forwards by holding down right click at the location 
    you want to place the all important reference point. 
    When you are attacking, the enemy tend to remain stationery until you 
    get close, so you can take your time advancing. Just command your 
    troops using the group command and you can advance them as the pre-
    setup formation all the way until you face the enemy. Take precaution 
    to minimise sudden direction changes as you advance. For example if 
    the enemy set up their lines at 1 o'clock direction, make multiple 
    small angle changes to your army as you advance so that you will end 
    up facing them head on without ever noticing much of a direction 
    As you walk the group over towards the enemy, take notice when the 
    enemy archers start moving towards you. This means that you are 
    entering their archer range. Now run the group forwards to close the 
    gap (lessen losses to archers) to mid-distance from the enemy. Your 
    cavalry will end up ahead unless you order them to go back to walking 
    speed like half way to the mid-distance. Once your troops arrive in 
    mid-distance without engaging in melee, run them forwards again to 
    the half distance to the enemy again (to bring you total of 3/4 
    distance from the enemy archer range. Once you arrive at this second 
    point, you can start to go into phalanx formation. 
    Now, to attack, use your group command (reference point again) to 
    carefully place your units to end up just enough for their pikes to 
    touch the enemy line. Remember that you must only go straight ahead 
    and therefore the group command must be aligned to your current facing. 
    Any major changes in direction so close to the enemy lines will be 
    Once your pikes touch the enemy line, they will engage. Now you just 
    sit back until the enemy rout or pull back. Then advance again in the 
    same manner.
    Often the enemy will charge your pikes when you are close to them 
    (about the distance of 10 to 15 men deep of phalanx) and this is also 
    a good thing as all you need to do is absorb the charge.
    What about your cavalry and missile units?
    You should order your missile units to stop advancing (backspace) with 
    the group and disengage them from the group by selecting them and 
    pressing 'g' as soon as they get slightly into firing range, which I 
    usually take it as able to hit the enemy archers/slingers for my 
    archers or to hit the enemy front line for skirmishers. That way when 
    you further advance your phalanx it won't pull your archers forwards.
    As for cavalry, once you pull the cavalry from the group to deal with 
    other problems, disengage them from the group so that they won't all 
    trot back into the original formation when you command your phalanx 
    I sometimes do not disengage units from the group if I intended them 
    to return to the original formation. This happens when I am fighting a 
    small army but they have a large reinforcement coming directly behind 
    their small army.
    Lastly do not ever disengage your phalanx units out of the group unless 
    you intend them to break formation. This can occur when one wing needs 
    extra help. 
    It all may sound complicated but with practice it will become second 
    nature and I don't have to consciously think about it when I play. 
    5.0 Terrain
    Take note of the terrain. There are so many locations you can take 
    advantage of. There's plenty of bridges and forests in Asia Minor. 
    There'll be plenty of uphill fighting further to the East. I was 
    lucky enough to ambush Mennom of Rhodes in the end of the first turn 
    and opened up an easy route towards Helicarnassus. 
    6.0 Buildings
    The buildings in this campaign are secondary. No need to get worked up 
    about building up a city. If you need tech, just capture a city that 
    already has tech like Babylon. In time you will have plenty of leftover 
    cash to build anything you want. 
    7.0 Economy
    You main source of income will always be from massacres. Alexander 
    started off as the great and ended up the butcher. Only after you 
    control the Meditteranean cities will you make positive income easily. 
    Don't bother building unit training buildings much in the West, in 
    fact raze them if you need cash. Just build up ports and marketplaces 
    to boost income. 
    8.0 City Happiness
    Just massacre and use peasant garrisons. Don't worry too much about 
    happiness buildings. You are Alexander, not some pansy people loving 
    hippie! Did not face any riots. 
    Don't forget to move the capital Eastwards to reduce distance to 
    capital unhappiness.
    9.0 How my game went
    From the start I'm always an aggresive player. I attack first always. 
    I hired as many mercs as you can for Parmenion. Then I set him to 
    ambush at the river crossing.Alexander headed East towards Byzantium 
    and kill the big Thracian stack there forcing them to retreat into 
    the city. I then left a small detachment to siege Byzantium while the 
    main Alexander stack aim towards my ships. Spend as much of the 
    starting cash as you can, even queue build because you will 
    definitely lose cash with all the mercs. 
    I was lucky at the end of my first turn as Parmenion ambushed Mennom 
    of Rhodes and killed most of his troops. He managed to escape though 
    and hid in Helicarnassus. By the second move, I siege Helicarnassus 
    and Alexander was following behind. I captured Helicarnassus the 
    next turn. I only used 3 siege towers and some crafty maneuvering to 
    easily win with minimal losses. Phalanx just makes city capturing 
    easy-peasy. I let the troops at Byzantium wait the siege out as it's 
    a small stack I left behind of mostly hoplites, skirmishers and 
    Pella was sieged by the silly Illyrians and I easily defended the 
    city from 1500 troops with 5 hoplites, 1 general, 2 skirmishers and 
    1 hypaspists. I just place all my units in the city center with the 
    hoplites placed with one diagonal line from one corner of the city 
    square to another. All the other troops are behind them. 3 wall 
    breaches which 5 hoplites will never be able to contain. 
    From there I had 2 strong stacks to advance straight to Issus. I 
    largely ignored the 2 northern coastal cities at first as I did not 
    want to get sidetracked from capturing Issus which is a major 
    enough a city to retrain my units. 
    I left Parmenion to guard the bridge close to Issus while Alexander 
    went south into Egypt. On hindsight, I should have sent Permenion 
    south rather than Alexander as I didn't expect Egypt to be so lightly 
    defended. Helicarnassus trained up phalangists and I created a third 
    stack of mostly merc hoplites to capture the northern coastal cities. 
    The persians held a surprise for me when Darius appeared with the 
    most powerful Persian stack I faced in the campaign. After capturing 
    the first city, my third stack headed towards the second city only to 
    come across a full stack of 1800 troops compared to my low tech 1100 
    mostly merc hoplites troops. So I retreated onto a bridge to the west 
    of the city and they attacked me there resulting in a famous battle 
    site. I lost quite a sizeable amount like 400 troops due to their 
    long range archers firing from across the river. Then after that 
    stack was gone I sieged the city only to break off the siege when 
    Darius full stack came. I hired more mercs and sent as many troops 
    from Parmenion as possible and my third stack laid in ambush south 
    west of the city... to fail an ambush and had to fight conventionally. 
    Nevertheless, my 1200 troops managed to defeat Darius' 1800 troops to 
    gain another famous battle site. Killed the Persian king too. My 
    losses was big too like half my troops of mostly merc hoplites with a 
    few phalangists, thessalian cavalry and allied cavalry. 
    Once Darius is gone, the Persian never did mount a serious challenge. 
    So Alexander rushed back up ignoring Petra which would be captured 
    later by a weaker fourth stack. By then too, I manage to pull the 
    troops from Byzantium to Pella to make an army to capture the 
    Illyrians first then the Scythians on the mainland. I hired all the 
    Steppe Cavalry along the way as they are really cool. 
    After capturing Babylon it's just a uni-direction march towards 
    Bactria. Cash started flowing in after securing the Mediterranean and 
    Black Sea ports. I had so much cash that I decided to kill the 
    Persian navy by creating my trireme fleet which I later disbanded 
    after sinking the Persian navy. It's just a formality to complete the 
    game after Babylon. The Dahae are crappy. They have large numbers like 
    7 stacks but they are easily beaten with phalanx. The largest battle 
    was 1 Alexander stack 1800 troops against 3000 2 and a half Dahae 
    stacks and still won with less than 300 casualties killing 2717. 
    I attack during sieges in all the cities that Alexander and Parmenion 
    sieged and everything else east of Babylon. Other less important 
    cities I wait the siege out as I use smaller stacks to siege them 
    like Petra, Byzantium and the Scythian cities. Attacking during siege 
    is surprisingly easy due to the idiocy of the AI, even when I am 
    outnumbered 700 to 1200! 
    Let me just tell you how...
    9.1 Attacking a stone walled city during siege
    Don't be put off by stone walls. The longer your unit sit outside, 
    you'll be vulnerable to reinforcements. So get them indoors to the 
    pleasure houses of Persia. Only takes one turn to build all the siege 
    equipment you need that is... 1 siege tower. You can use ladders too 
    but I'm a siege tower die-hard. 
    Once you start the battle, don't bother making fancy formations or 
    placing your siege equipment at fancy locations. just start right 
    away. the advantage you'll have is that there is no time limit. So 
    take all the time to get as much advantage as possible. 
    What I did was to move my siege engines away from the starting 
    location and away from the wall defenders. The defenders tend to 
    position at the walls facing your starting location and will not 
    move away (stupid AI). So, I get onto the walls from other directions 
    and capture all the wall defences along the way except the ones close 
    to the wall defenders. So, I usually capture 3 out of 4 gates. That 
    way I can stream in easily unchallenged. Once I get my hoplites in, I 
    set perimeter lines to block roads and advance the rest of my phalanx 
    towards the city center. When the defenders challenge my advance they 
    will only face pikes. So easy it's brainless! I don't even use 
    cavalry in the city. Phalanx are all you need. 
    10.0 Questions
    Hopefully things are straightforward enough. Oh, and please don't ask 
    me about cheats or mods as I don't use them. 
    11.0 Credits & Disclaimer
    This game is just so-so by itself but quite nice as an add-on and 
    nothing more. Definitely not a must have. Can't wait till Medieval 
    Total War 2 comes out. I spent so many hours on MTW in the past. 
    Thanks to GameFAQs for all the other games where I'm too lazy to 
    figure things out myself. 
    Thanks to Sun Tzu who brought us that strategies that can be 
    formally learned. 
    No lifeforms were hurt or killed during this production. 
    Recommended reading: Romance of the Three Kingdoms. 
    This is an original work. In no way whatsoever have I posted up any 
    contribution from anyone as I said above I detail how I've played 
    the game myself. I do not claim to have discovered any strategies that 
    I apply here. I can be found in the Gamefaqs board mostly to pick up 
    new ideas to explore and also answer questions to get a feel of what 
    other gamers find difficult with the game. Most of the basic strats 
    are based on previous experience with Shogun Total War, Medieval Total 
    War and the wonderful translated illustrated abridged version of Sun 
    Tzu's Art of War by Asiapac (my first strategy guide for all the 
    strategy games played so far). If any similarities are found, please 
    e-mail me at ahwongso@hotmail.com. 
    E-mail me if there is any further queries.
    Therefore this is my work and any reproduction besides for personal 
    playing use will require permission from myself. It may not be 
    publicly displayed or distributed without prior permission. 
    A H Wongso
    July 23 2006

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