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    Character Trivia Translation by OboroTennosuke

    Version: 2.05 | Updated: 04/17/08 | Search Guide | Bookmark Guide

    by OboroTennosuke (OboroTennosuke at hotmail dot it)
    and tengumaru (thekazekage at gmail dot com)
    Revision History
    v2.05 (04/18/08)
    Added Mouri Motonari's bio (which I had forgot)
    Corrected a few typos and grammar mistakes.
    v2.00 (02/13/08) 
    Added all 31 character bio translations.
    v1.00  (01/29/08)
    Added all 28 characters' trivia translations. Translations of the characters'
    Basara bio in progress. 
    1. Introduction
    2. Characters' Trivia Translations
    3. Characters' Bios Translations
    4. Credits
    The first part of this FAQ is a compilation of the historical characters'
    trivia, found by  selecting the third option in the Gallery submenu.
    Even though they are called "trivia", and tend to address relatively minor
    aspects of the characters' life, they sometimes tackle broader and more
    central topics.
    The second part contains a compilation of the translated profile of the
    characters, as Capcom as reinvented them in the Basara series.
    You'll find general info there. 
    IMPORTANT NOTE: The trivia DO NOT regard the characters as
    portrayed in the Basara series, rather their historical counterparts.
    This is the reason why there aren't sections for Kasuga, Itsuki, and Zabii:
    the former two are fictional characters, and the latter was very loosely
    inspired from the missionary Francis Xavier.
    The bios, on the other hand, are there for all characters, since they regard
    their persona as portrayed in the Basara series.
    The fortune-deciding lottery
    In the tenth year of the Tensho period (1582), after the annihilation of the
    Takeda clan of Kai, Oda Nobunaga ordered Akechi Mitsuhide to move his troops
    in Saigoku (Western Honshuu, today Kinki) in aid of Hashiba Hideyoshi
    (Toyotomi Hideyoshi), who was camped near Takamatsu castle in order to
    subjugate the Mouri clan. 
    After that, Akechi, returning to Sakamoto castle in Oumi, passed close to
    Kameyama Castle and prayed at Atagoyama, and drew 2 or 3 fortunes. All of them
    resulted in “bad luck”, it is said. The Honnouji Incident’s occurrence* was
    mere days after this event.
    * Called "Honnouji no Hen" in japanese, this is the event where Mitsuhide
    betrayed and attacked Oda Nobunaga, defenseless, in Honnouji.
    Even if Nagamasa died
    Azai Nagamasa suffered a crushing defeat in the battle at Anegawa by the hands
    of his brother-in-law, Oda Nobunaga, against whom he revolted. His sworn friend
    Asakura Yoshikage, to whom he was the last ray of hope, committed suicide
    after receiving the Oda army’s fierce attack. 
    Nagamasa sent his wife, Nobunaga’s sister, and their 3 daughters to Nobunaga;
    He committed suicide with a sword in Otani castle. His daughters,
    named Chacha, Hatsu and Gou, each followed fates of elegant pursuits.
    Nagamasa’s Chacha would become Hideyoshi’s concubine –Yodogimi- and give birth
    to his eldest son, Hideyori. 
    After Hideyoshi’s death, having the authority derived from being Hideyori’s
    real mother, soon confrontation with Tokugawa Ieyasu broke out; after being
    defeated at Osaka’s summer siege she committed suicide along with Hideyori. 
    Hatsu, the second daughter, tried extensively to mend, as a mediator, the
    progressively worsening relations between the Toyotomi family, which her elder
    sister had married into, and the Tokugawa family, which her younger sister
    married into. 
    The third daughter, Gou, became the legal wife of the second Tokugawa Shogun
    Hidetada, and Third Shogun Iemitsu’s mother. Even if Nagamasa died, his blood
    lineage ruled the country.
    Ichiryou Gusoku (literally, “Fief Armor(s)”)
    Chousokabe Motochika’s strength in war was the group of fighters called
    “Ichiryou Gusoku”. The Ichiryou Gusoku is a group of people that usually tended
    to the fields, but would scamper over to the battlefield as soon as a battle
    started. Chousokabe would put them in order, rally their strength, and defeat
    powerful clans in every area, successfully becoming the ruler of Shikoku. 
    However, after losing to Toyotomi Hideyoshi during his conquest of Shikoku,
    Chousokabe spent the rest of his life as Hideyoshi’s subordinate. After that,
    the Chousokabe clan served the Toyotomi clan until its demise in the summer
    siege of Osaka. 
    Also, when Hideyoshi summoned the daimyou for the opening of a boat meeting,
    Chousokabe only tasted a little bit the Manju he received from Hideyoshi, and
    brought them back to his subordinates. This episode is known as an example of
    Chousokabe’s considerate attitude towards his subordinates.
    Are you Gourmet?
    Date Masamune, the One-Eyed Dragon, who set his aim on Japan’s domination.
    Despite the cruel image that precedes him, it is said that cooking was his
    Originally he went to cooking for the sake of developing army provisions.
    Iwadeyama’s frozen tofu and natto as army provisions were finally developed by
    Masamune’s research on cooking. It is also said that those excellent meals
    themselves are the secret to the Date army’s strength.
    Moreover, he had built a large-scale miso storehouse under Aoba castle. 
    Masamune was also the one who set up the first miso mass production
    structure in Japan.
    Opposing sentiment against Masamune’s cooking was high: word remains that
    “during banquets, master would cook and entertain (guests) personally,
    nonchalantly serving seasonal fruit”.
    The Received Name
    The Fuuma Clan were a group of ninja that served the Houjou Family since the
    days of Houjou Sou'un.
    Since their base was located in a place called Fuuma*, they started
    calling themselves Fuuma**. It is said their speciality was night combat,
    and they had exceptional skills in mounted combat.
    The name "Kotaro" was not used to refer to a single person - it was the title
    that passed through the generations and indicated the head of the Fuuma Clan.
    Between the several Fuuma Kotaro that existed, the one that showed the most
    brilliant results in battle was the fifth, the one that served Houjou Ujimasa.
    Some of the battles that Fuuma participated were the Night Battle of Kawagoe
    and the Battle of Kisegawa. Specially the latter had the details of the Fuuma
    action described in the "Houjougodaiki" (chronicles of the Fifth Houjou
    After the Houjou Clan was destroyed, the members of the Fuuma Clan became a
    band of thieves, and it is said that they dominated the nights of Edo.
    * The kanji mean "wind" and "space"
    **The kanji mean "wind" and "demon"
    The Odawara conference
    The Odawara castle, famous for being impregnable, was laid under siege in the
    eighteenth year of Tenshou (1590) by an army gathered by Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    from the whole country, for the sake of subjugating the Houjou. In this
    instance, the Houjou clan and its chief vassals engaged in a conference
    debating whether to surrender to the Toyotomi army, or going to war against
    After many days a conclusion could still not be reached, and the castle,
    sadly, fell. The saying “Odawara conference”, passed down to this day,
    reflects the situation of the Houjou clan’s and its chief vassals’ conference;
    in other words, “as much as it may last, it’s a conversation that cannot
    reach a conclusion” is what it means. 
    Incidentally, Date Masamune too participated in the Odawara assault. Firstly,
    he had no intention to obey Hideyoshi’s request, but, following Katakura
    Kojuuro’s advice, he decided to attack Odawara.
    The One who Only Wins
    Since his childhood days, Honda Tadakatsu served Ieyasu Tokugawa and
    assisted him until the end of his life.
    The name "Tadakatsu" means "The One Who Only Wins", and was given to Honda by
    Ieyasu himself, who at the time was still called Matsudaira Motoyasu.
    Just like the name suggests, it is said that even though Tadakatsu
    participated in more than 50 battles, he didn't suffer injuries in any of them.
    The battle that made Tadakatsu's name famous in all Japan was the Battle of
    Hitokotozaka, that happened in the the third year of the Genki Era (1572).
    He showed so much prowess in battle that someone in the Takeda Army left
    written: "The only two things that surpass Ieyasu are his Chinese helmet
    and Honda Heihachi (Tadakatsu).
    Besides from that, Tadakatsu was present in the Anegawa Battle, the
    Mikatagahara Battle, the Nagashino Battle, at Komaki Nagakute, on the siege
    of Odawara Castle, and almost every other battle that had Ieyasu involved.
    It is said also that he put himself in great risk by pursuing Shimazu
    Yoshihiro in his retreat from Sekigahara.
    Honganji Kennyo and Oda Nobunaga
    Honganji is the head temple of the Jodo Shinshu* (Ikkoshu**). Founded by Shinran
    it was later developed in Ishiyama, in the Osaka region. Kennyo was the
    eleventh abbot. The growing Honganji controlled the Ikko-Ikki, thus wielding
    an influence so great it could be compared to a Sengoku Daimyo’s; at the same
    time, it suffered Oda Nobunaga’s persecution, while he was heading to Kyoto. 
    Firstly, Kennyo resigned himself to accepting Nobunaga’s request for money and
    goods. But this request would get more and more exorbitant, eventually
    demanding the surrender of the Ishiyama Honganji. Kennyo opposed this, and
    fought throughout the following 11 years. The Ikko-Ikki were formed by Ikkoshu
    believers, for the most part, and were peasants that suffered under the
    current harsh rule. They continued their opposition believing in the words
    “Advancing means Heaven, Retreating means Hell” and became a serious obstacle
    for Nobunaga. 
    Kennyo, thanks to the support of these peasants, bore the brunt of the Oda
    siege, and confronted Nobunaga for months and years. They say that if Kennyo
    hadn’t existed, Nobunaga’s unification would have been as many as 10 years
    * The Jodo Shinshu is a Buddhist school, today the most practiced one in Japan
    ** Peasants, and middle classes' people rebelling under the tyrannical
    governments of the time. Mainly affiliated under certain temples.
    The best archer of Kaidou*
    A lover of the capital’s and the Imperial court’s customs, famous for his
    teeth-blackened** figure, Imagawa Yoshimoto was called the best archer of
    Kaidou, and was a first-rate administrator too. 
    When he was eighteen years old, after inheriting the command of his family, he
    formed an alliance with the Takeda of Kai with his marriage, thus building a
    secure relationship, and kept working to spread his influence. 
    In the eighteenth year of Tenbun (1549) he took back the Matsudaira hostage***
    (Tokugawa Ieyasu) from the Oda who had snatched him, and successfully took
    Mikawa under his influence. On another note, it is said that Yoshimoto, who
    had a long torso but short legs, was incapable of mounting a horse.
    *Old name of Hamadoori, city in the Fukushima prefecture (Eastern Honshuu).
    **A sign of beauty and refinement among nobles.
    *** Taking hostages was a common practice for feudal lords to ensure the
    loyalty of the hostage’s family.
    The great commander combining both wisdom and courage
    Katakura Kojuuro, who served the Date for two generations as chief vassal,
    under Date Masamune and his father Terumune, is a great commander combining
    wisdom and courage, the likes of which the Date household cannot stand to lose. 
    His abilities showed most satisfyingly in administration; he always continued
    to support Masamune in both warfare and politics. Especially famous is an
    anecdote according to which when Masamune lost his sight in his right eye,
    Kojuuro removed it with a small knife. 
    Kojuuro headed off to the battlefield with Masamune in many wars, such as
    Hitotoribashi, Suriagehara, Sekigahara and the Odawara assault, gaining
    military victories and achievements. It is also said that during Masamune’s
    first battle, he was deeply wounded by the enemy and in dire danger; as soon
    as Kojuuro knew this, he introduced himself as Date Masamune and, acting as
    a decoy, lured away the surrounding foes.
    Kabukimono, Maeda Keiji
    Maeda Keiji,generally famous because of his wildly extravagant antics, was also
    a man whose fighting prowess with the spear excelled even when he started
    training, had a deep understanding of classical texts like the Genji
    Monogatari, and whose taste for Waka was exquisite.
    Finding himself in disagreement with his uncle Maeda Toshiie,he fled from the
    Maeda residence. It is said that in this occasion Keiji, flattering Toshiie,
    made him soak in a cold water bath, then snatched a horse and ran away.
    Afterwards Keiji took shelter and began working in the service of the Uesugi
    clan; he showed his valor during the clash against Mogami Yoshiaki and Date
    Masamune, called the "Hasedou Castle battle".
    The Maeda Keiji Dochuu Nikki (Maeda Keiji's travel journal) is a symbol of
    Keiji's great culture: it collects his writings, from Kyouto until the trying
    arrival in Yonezawa, and many Haiku and Waka composed by him. It is highly
    noteworthy also because it contains important data on that time's customs.
    The man who once fell into ruin
    Maeda Toshiie, in his younger days, was a popular youth in the Oda army for his
    vigor and energy, and an excellent commander who was favorably consolidating
    his social standing. However, he quarreled with one page Nobunaga was taking
    care of, named Juuami, and ended up slaying him. 
    After that, the enraged Nobunaga discharged Toshiie, who was degraded to
    master-less Ronin*.  Despite that, Toshiie still had faith in Nobunaga as his
    master and in the 2 years since he became a Ronin, he participated by his own
    will in many battles, such as Okehazama, as part of the Oda army; yet even
    though he committed many glorious deeds, he was not forgiven. 
    It was because of his exploits in the Moribe battle that he was at last
    allowed to return to his master’s service. This easy-going firmness of belief
    into his master shows Toshiie’s direct and upright personality. Quite
    plausibly, it is said that this episode was Nobunaga’s way of testing
    Toshiie’s dependability. After that, Toshiie distinguished himself in the
    Oda army, on the road to becoming the great Daimyo who will obtain
    1 million koku** in Kaga.
    * A Ronin is a master-less Samurai, the lowest position for a samurai on
    the hierarchy.
    ** A koku is an ancient unit of measurement, and equals roughly 278 litres.
    (3, 6 koku = 1 cubic metre). In this context, it refers to the income samurai
    received, calculated in koku of rice.
    The merits of marital support
    Married to Maeda Toshiie, said to be a wise and good wife, Matsu continually
    supported Toshiie from the shadows; even when he fell into bad spirits after
    being exiled from the Oda household, she cheered him on and sent him off to
    Another of Matsu’s roles was mediating between Toshiie and his vassals.
    To mothers who lost their child in battle, she wrote letters like this:
    “(regarding condolences about your son’s death), there is nothing I can say,
    but he worked well.” Taking appropriate care of the vassals, never tired of
    looking after them, she spent much effort in deepening the bonds between
    masters and servants of the Maeda household. 
    When there was suspicion that the Maeda were planning to rebel against the
    Tokugawa, she personally went to Edo, where she remained for 14 years in
    light confinement, to show proof of their innocence. After this, Matsu would
    set foot on her land of Kanazawa no more. 
    The Maeda household is one of the few who gained prestige throughout the
    passage through history of the Oda, Toyotomi, and Tokugawa, though it is said
    that if it wasn’t for the merits of Matsu’s marital support it would have been
    Sengoku’s ringleader
    Oda Nobunaga judged Matsunaga Hisahide as such: “He succeeded in three things,
    each one impossible by a common person’s standard.” The first one is the
    betrayal of his former lord, Miyoshi Choukei; the second is the murder of
    Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru; the third is burning down the Todaiji’s 
    The greatly crafty Matsunaga, though infamous as Sengoku’s ringleader, is
    known as an architecture expert and a deeply cultured man. Also, he was famous
    as master of the tea ceremony; two of his possessions, the “Tsukumonasu”** and
    the “Hiragumo*** teakettle” were the object of many tea ceremony masters'
    desires. The “Tsukumonasu” was presented to Nobunaga during his voyage to the
    capital (Kyoto) as proof of subservience. 
    He’s also a rare man, since he rebelled twice against Nobunaga, and yet he was
    forgiven both times. The second time he rebelled, Nobunaga proposed to
    Matsunaga, barricaded in Shigisan castle, that if the latter would cede the
    Hiragumo teakettle, his life would have been spared. 
    However, Matsunaga refused and smashed the Hiragumo teakettle to bits; then
    he set fire to some explosive and blew himself up. Matsunaga’s cherished
    Tsukumonasu was named after a section of the Ise Monogatari: “momotoseni
    ichitose tarinu tsukumogami  ware wo koifurashi omokage ni miyu”****
    * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Todaiji
    ** White Aubergine/Eggplant.
    *** Flat-shaped spider of the family Urocteidae.
    **** One year short of a hundred, the white haired lady must be longing for
    me, since I seem to see her face.
    Miyamoto Musashi’s strategy book
    Miyamoto Musashi, who made his name famous because of his mastery of the sword,
    also left behind impressive writings and calligraphic art; he is also known
    for authoring many strategy books.
    Among them, the most famous one is the strategy book called the “Book of
    Five Rings”. The Book of Five Rings was written by Musashi in his later years,
    and is composed of 5 volumes: Volume of Earth – Volume of Water – 
    Volume of Fire – Volume of Wind – Volume of Void.
    (The “Book of Five Rings” imitates as rings the Five Elements of Esoteric
    Buddhism; they are named after the Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Void Ring.)
    In the Book of Five Rings there is the origin of his adherence to “thorough
    victory”, which stems from his battle experience. For that purpose rational
    tactics, and lastly the rightful way for humans to live their life, among other
    topics, are therein recorded.
    Arriving later then the designated time and irritating Sasaki Kojiro were
    also used as ways to gain victory in the Ganryuujima duel; from this it is
    possible to see his way of thinking.
    The now existing Book of Five Rings is an arbitrarily copied text; Musashi’s
    original work has been lost.
    A rare faithful heart
    Mori Ranmaru showed a rare faithful heart towards Oda Nobunaga. There are
    many anecdotes exemplifying his wit as a page. A monk had presented as gifts
    many tangerines, and Ranmaru was carrying them on a board, when Nobunaga
    cautioned him: “It’s dangerous with so many put that way, you’re going to fall"
    As the warning said, Ranmaru fell down. 
    The day after, to a colleague who felt sorry for him, Ranmaru said “I fell
    down on purpose, as to show that master’s judgment was correct”. Another time,
    when Nobunaga said he would have given his prized sword to whoever could
    guess how many engravings it had on the sheath, only Ranmaru kept quiet
    and did not answer. 
    To Nobunaga, who wanted to know the reason for that, he said “When Master
    was doing his business, I was waiting holding the sword, so I counted the
    engravings, and I already know.” Nobunaga, moved, gave the sword to Ranmaru.
    Thanks to his faithful heart, while he was a page he managed being promoted to
    the position of castle lord.
    The Mouri household’s family crests
    One of the family crests of the Mouri household depicts
    “three stars below a line”; there are two theories regarding the origin
    of this shape.
    The first theory says that it is modeled on the three stars of the
    constellation Orion. These three stars are also called Karasukiboshi*
    (also written Hikoboshi**), and, being known as “Generals’ Stars” in China,
    according to warriors they are good omens. As for the second theory,
    the symbol is made to represent the official rank of the Mouri clan’s
    founder, Abon Shinnou.
    The historically dated Mouri clan has had many family crests, like the
    “Sixteen-petaled Chrysanthemum”, the “Five-Seven Paulownia”***,
    the “Eight Arrow Notches Wheel”, the “Sagittaria Trifolia”,
    the “Tsurumaru****” , the “Arrow Notch in a Circle” and others;
    putting them all together, more than 10 kinds can be counted.
    *Plow stars
    ***It’s called like this because when it blooms, the flowers’ number
    pattern is 5-7-5
    ****Tsuru means crane; Maru (circle) might refer to the emblem’s
    circular shape, but it is also a suffix for male names.
    Three stars below a line
    Sixteen-petaled Chrysanthemum
    Five-Seven Paulownia
    Eight Arrow Notches Wheel
    kamon-hyou-00-.jpg (nr. 66)
    (I’m not 100% sure it’s the right one, but it DOES look like the name says)
    Sagittaria Trifolia
    Arrow Notch in a Circle
    The Serpent's Daughter
    Nouhime's father, Saito Dosan was called "Serpent Dosan".
    When he was 19 years old, he came to Mino as an oil merchant. Even being
    trusted and favored by Toki Yorinari*, he ended up banishing the Toki Clan and
    became the ruler of the Mino Province. He was a true model for the Gekokujo
    When Nouhime married Oda Nobunaga, Dosan gave her a knife and ordered her to
    kill him, if he was proved to be the fool all thought him to be. But then,
    Nouhime turned to her father and answered: "This may become the blade that
    slays you, my father".
    After that, Nouhime was said to be a very intelligent woman.
    * Toki Yorinari was the lord of Mino before Dosan
    ** The "Gekokujo" was the name of a social movement that happened the Sengoku
    Era, where lowly lords started to overthrow their old masters.
    The words “It must be a foolish rumor”
    The alliance with Azai Nagamasa thrown away, Oda Nobunaga started the attack
    against the Asakura clan. However, the reason why Nobunaga, who had started his
    invasion in favorable conditions, had to do a complete turn and withdraw was
    the determined Nagamasa, disaffected by Nobunaga’s breach of trust. 
    That time, Nobunaga didn’t think for a second that Nagamasa, whom he had given
    his sister Oichi as wife, could have betrayed him. Nobunaga could not believe
    so suddenly that he had broken away from him; his words were “It must be a
    foolish rumor”. 
    After that, in the first year of the Genki era (1570), in the hard-fought
    Anegawa battle, the attack of the Azai army was especially fierce, so much
    that 11 steps of the “Oda army 13 steps formation” were destroyed.
    The azuki bag
    The following anecdote has been preserved to this day:
    When the alliance with Azai Nagamasa was broken, Oda Nobunaga started the
    attack on the Asakura clan of Echizen, causing disaffection on Nagamasa’s part.
    Nobunaga, who was in a dangerous situation, having the Asakura in front and
    the Azai behind, had already started his attack on Echizen and did not know
    about this. 
    Oichi, who knew about Nagamasa’s betrayal, sent an azuki bag with both ends
    tied to her brother Nobunaga, under the pretense of providing comfort to the
    soldiers at the frontlines. That was a bag with no openings. 
    In other words, since it carried the meaning of “mouse in a bag”, implicitly
    it was made to disclose the existence of the Azai army, planning to do a
    pincer attack. Because of this, Nobunaga passed through Kyoto and retreated
    to Gifu, narrowly escaping a difficult time.
    Sanada’s Rokumonsen
    The Sanada clan’s insignia is the famed Rokumonsen (Emblem of Six Sen*), which
    is depicted as six un-inscribed sen, aligned three by three in two rows.
    These six un-inscribed sen are symbolic of the Six Realms of Existence,
    namely Hell Realm – Hungry Ghost Realm – Animal Realm – Asura Realm –
    Human Realm – Heaven Realm, and the fare that the dead pay to be able to pass
    the Sanzunokawa**, on the seventh day after dying.
    This emblem’s meaning shows the Sanada clan’s strong determination in battle,
    since it represents constant preparedness to facing death.
    * one Sen today corresponds to 1/100 yen
    ** The river the dead must cross, similar to the Styx
    The people’s Hero
    Sarutobi Sasuke was part of the Sanada Ten Braves. They are 10 underlings
    of Sanada Yukimura, a commander active in the late Sengoku era. 
    Composed by Sarutobi Sasuke, Kirigakure Saizo, Miyoshi Seikai Nyuudou, Miyoshi
    Isa Nyuudou, Unno Rokurou, Nezu Jinpachi, Mochizuki Rokurou, Anayama Kosuke,
    Kakei Juuzou, and Yuri Kamanosuke, it was a group whose members could use
    freely powerful and outlandish techniques. 
    While their existence is not completely proven, Because of Sanada Yukimura’s
    heroic actions in the Osaka summer siege, against powerful foes, from the
    people’s oral tradition and stories these legendary heroes spontaneously
    The General Who Was Called an "Oni"
    Among the generals of the Sengoku Era, many were called Oni, but it is said
    that none deserved that title more than Shimazu Yoshihiro .
    There were many displays of his valor in battle, and even during his advance
    on the Kyushuu region, Toyotomi Hideyoshi was precautious of the military
    power of the Shimazu Clan.
    In the incredible war history left by Yoshihiro,  the most famous one was
    the evacuation of Sekigahara. Having joined the western army and
    tasting defeat, Yoshihiro led nearly three hundred men right trough the
    middle of the enemy formation. That is what today is called
    "The Shimazu Escape Route".
    Having succeeded in his withdrawal and back to Kagoshima, Yoshihiro
    prepared for a final battle with Ieyasu and held peace negotiations at
    the same time. Fearing Yoshihiro because of the evacuation of Sekigahara,
    Tokugawa Ieyasu had no choice but to recognize the sovereignty of the
    Shimazu clan. This shows that Yoshihiro was also an experienced leader,
    not just a warrior that depended only in brute force.
    Besides that, when participating in a battle with lots of casualities,
    Yoshihiro always built graves and performed sending rituals to both
    enemies and allies.
    It is said that the great heart of the Shimazu Clan of forgetting grudges
    after the end of the battles started with Yoshihiro.
    The famous 'Fuurinkazan' that starts with "Swift like the wind..." was in the
    war flag of the Takeda Clan, and came from 'Military Manouvers", the seventh
    chapter of Sun Tzu's military strategy book,  "The Art of War".
    But not many people know that there's a continuation to this Fuurinkazan,
    which was not written in the war flags.
    "Swift like the wind"
    "Silent like a forest"
    "Aggressive like fire"
    "Unmovable like a mountain"
    "Mysterious like a shadow"
    "Move like a trembling of a thunder"
    From this strategy, one can know that Shingen was not a wild warlord,
    that used only brute force. On the contrary: he was a very resourceful one,
    always thinking of strategies in order to win.
    * 'Fuurinkazan' translates directly into "Wind, Forest, Fire, Mountain".
    Hanbei of the unknowing face
    The attitude of feigning ignorance, pretending not to notice things is called
    “Hanbei of the unknowing face”; its origin lies in the conversation between
    Oda Nobunaga and Saito Yoshitatsu, in which their discord dramatically
    heightened (as portrayed in the Joruri* play “Konoshita Kagehazama Battle”,
    in the Takenaka fortress scene). 
    Nobunaga, wary of the famous tactician Takenaka Hanbei’s abilities, ordered
    Maeda Toshiie to befriend Hanbei’s daughter, in order to make him into an ally.
    However, Hanbei saw through this ploy, and while maintaining an unknowing
    expression spied on the Oda army’s intelligence. 
    From this, it has been used as an example of someone who saw through everything
    yet takes an unknowing attitude. Historically, after serving Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    Hanbei contracted a lung disease, and on Hideyoshi’s advice he took some time
    to nurture his health. 
    However, since for warriors the place to die could only be the battlefield,
    Hanbei returned to it and there he passed away. It is said that, when
    Hideyoshi knew of his death he cried over his dead body, not caring about
    the presence of people around him.
    *Joruri is a type of musical accompaniment, present, for instance,
    in Bunraku plays.
    Ieyasu and Tempura.
    Tokugawa Ieyasu was always a very healthy person, he had great knowledge of
    medicine and compounded them personally.
    Also, he always encourage simplicity in meals and even set up a schedule for
    that purpose.
    Even so, there is a rumor that says that the cause of his that was no other
    than a kind of food, despite Ieyasu's precautions.
    When he was 75 years old, he got in the mood for some red snapper Tempura and
    started eating so violently that ended up dying by food poisoning.
    But officially, the cause of his that is considered to be other.
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his later years
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who took the chance after killing Akechi Mitsuhide in the
    Yamazaki battle, and succeeded Oda Nobunaga successfully, became a vicious
    person in his later years. 
    Aware of his old age, he wanted his son Hideyori to succeed him; for this he
    exiled his son-in-law Hidetsugu, whom he had assigned the title of Kanpaku,
    and forced him to commit suicide, thus casting a dark shadow on the future of
    the Toyotomi administration. 
    After this, Hideyoshi, in the Fushimi castle, died leaving this ephemeral
    sentence: “Falling dew, disappearing dew, my body, Naniwa* too, a dream after
    a dream”.
    *Naniwa is the old name for the Osaka region.
    Uesugi’s Nokizaru*
    The daimyou of the Sengoku era employed first-rate Ninja teams for the purpose
    of information gathering. Uesugi Kenshin of Echigo is also known for the Ninja
    team he had, called “Nokizaru”. 
    Nokizaru’s actions have been reported in the 4th battle at Kawanakajima. When
    both sides stared at each other for several days, the Takeda army split into
    two parties; one approached the Uesugi army’s rear, thus starting the
    woodpecker strategy**. 
    However, after struggling to arrive at Saijoyama, there was no one where the
    Uesugi army should have been. This because the Nokizaru noticed quickly the
    Takeda army’s actions, and informed Uesugi Kenshin of them, it is said. 
    Uesugi Kenshin was not the only one who utilized first-rate Ninja teams;
    their existence has been reported also in the Takeda, Date, Tokugawa, Houjou
    and Maeda clans.
    * Literally, Monkeys of the Eaves
    ** This strategy consists in sending a small battallion to approach the rear
    of the enemy army; when the attacked army retreats to regroup, the main army
    ambushes it attacking the opposite flank. It is named after the method used by
    woodpeckers to hunt their prey (hitting the tree’s bark to make them come out
    scared, and then catching them with the beak).
    Note: As you can see, I added the characters' titles next to their names,
    because I felt it would make the bios more complete, and someone
    requested them on the board some time ago.
    Please take the translations with a grain of salt, since they're just one
    possibility among many, and some might be quite wrong
    (Imagawa Yoshimoto's in particular).
    Maeda Keiji - Dazzling Magnificence
    Maeda house's own vagabond, nephew to Maeda Toshiie and Matsu.
    Having been raised with the loving relationship between husband and wife
    in front of him, he's unusually prone to falling in love.
    This is the reason why, rather than fighting in war or unificating the country,
    he thinks making even one person happy is something wonderful above
    everything else.
    Date Masamune - Oushuu*'s First and Foremost
    The originator of the "Dateotoko**" expression,he's a cool guy who uses
    foreign speech as well. During the Sengoku tumults too, he enforces his
    "stylish" will, trusting in his way of life.
    He aims at the country's unification in order to put an end to the chaos
    brought about by the Sengoku era.
    After meeting Sanada Yukimura he gained a fateful rival.
    *Northern Japan
    **Dateotoko means "man like Date", and is used even today to designate
    men with exquisite taste in clothing.
    Katakura Kojuuro - Chivalry and Howling Virtue
    Date Masamune's most trusted retainer, but also a brotherly figure to him.
    He's the only one Masamune has ever trusted to cover his back.
    He has a strong sense of honor, never twists his beliefs, and overflows with
    chivalrous spirit; he is ready to give his life for Masamune at any time.
    As a warrior, he's exceptionally skilled; he wishes for the moment of his
    passing away to be during an earnest fight, thus showing a battle-loving
    Sanada Yukimura -  Matchless Spear, Ruler of the Heavens
    A hot-blooded young man serving the Takeda family of Kai, sometimes
    he loses track of his surroundings because of his overflowing emotions...
    He feels deep affection and respect for Takeda Shingen, whom he
    regards as his life's mentor, and thinks that Shingen is the only one fit for
    ruling the country.
    After meeting Date Masamune, he gained a fateful rival.
    Takeda Shingen - Supreme Ruler, God of War
    The supreme commander of the Takeda household, who aims at
    advancing to the capital to gain control of the country.
    He's a brave warrior who fights actively in the front lines, but also a
    cunning leader who brings his army to victory.
    He likes being adressed as "House Lord"; Sanada Yukimura, especially,
    has vivid respect and affection for him, whom he regards as his life's
    He has reciprocated respect for his rival and comrade Uesugi Kenshin.
    Sarutobi Sasuke - Whirlwind Running in the Azure Sky
    This ninja in the service of the Takeda household is also the leader of the
    Sanada unit.
    He has an aloof personality, quite unlike ninjas, and usually views things
    from a detached position; yet he also has a cooler side which leads him to
    completing his task, unconcerned whether he will live or die in the process.
    He comes from the same village of the kunoichi Kasuga, who serves under
    Uesugi Kenshin.
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi - World Splitting Fighting Emperor
    The ruler who stood up to put in order the ruined country and shape it into
    a strong one known all over the world.
    Without looking back to the past, he is determined to march onwards
    no matter what; he has many adoring subordinates because of his
    charisma and outstanding generosity.
    He regards the Devil King Oda Nobunaga as the cause of the country's
    Takenaka Hanbei - Pale Blue Fury, Lightning-Fast Subjugator
    Sengoku's best genius tactician; for the sake of his close friend
    Toyotomi Hideyoshi, he builds the most powerful army, whittling away
    his own life.
    On the other side of his gentle and elegant manners lies the most cunning
    strategist of the Sengoku; He uses a flexible sword capable of turning
    into a sword or a whip, confusing his enemies even in the air with playfully
    magnificent techniques.
    Mouri Motonari - Astute general of many crafts
    For victory, only for victory, this ruthless strategist uses selfish plans and
    acts the same way. He has complete trust into his schemes; he sees the
    lives of his own subordinates as nothing more than pawns.
    His handsome facial expressions as well are a tool to control others,
    a performance acted to deceive.
    Chousokabe Motochika - The Flawless One
    The lucky adventurer of Sengoku, hailing from Shikoku and coveting
    country domination.
    He wanders the sea, collecting hidden treasure from many places.
    His personality is extremely helpful and generous, and many
    subordinates affectionatedly call him "elder brother*".
    Furthermore, he is broad-minded, which allows him to accept gladly
    new kinds of strategies and weapons.
    *Used as a sign of respect for elders in gangs.
    Oda Nobunaga - Demon King, Dominator of the Heavens
    The Demon King, matchless in his cruelty, attempts to dominate the
    country with terror.
    Calling himself by the name of Demon King of the Sixth Heaven*, he
    confronts all of his enemies by giving them death and terror, invading
    the whole country carrying the Tenka Fubu** flag.
    The conflict with the up-and-coming Toyotomi has become an all-out
    *The Sixth Heaven represents our world, the sixth and last world of
    Desire. The Demon King of this Heaven is called Mara in Sanskrit; it
    is known for disrupting those who attempt to reach Enlightenment.
    **It is interpreted as "Militarism spread throughout the land" or "Taking
    control of the country thanks to military power"
    Nou Hime - Unparalleled Flourish
    Wife of Oda Nobunaga the Demon King, she's the foremost aide in
    Nobunaga's plans for ruling the country. During battle, although her
    physical strength is severely lacking, she overwhelms the opposition
    handling her two pistols with grace.
    She's determined to dirty her own hands with blood, as a butterfly
    dancing in the battlefield, all for the sake of her beloved Nobunaga.
    Mori Ranmaru -  Pure Truth, Slayer of Evil
    A boy in the service of Oda Nobunaga, he adores and reveres
    Nobunaga like no one else, as if he was a superior being.
    Because of his childish and innocent heart, his never tired of "beating up"
    enemies type of personality, he has been nicknamed
    "Child of the Demon King" by the foes terrified by his figure, slaughtering
    enemy after enemy.
    Tokugawa Ieyasu - Incarnation* of the Eastern Shine
    The powerful optimist who stood up at the last moment, carrying the
    hollyhock emblem on his shoulders. He is blessed from birth with an
    exceptional good luck. 
    Commanding Honda Tadakatsu, he has set his aim on the domination
    of the country. His amiable personality is liked by everyone, he's a
    warm-hearted person who wishes not to lose even one subordinate in
    *Gongen in Japanese. It's the Title given to Ieyasu after his death.
    Honganji Kennyo - Rich in Faith, Newborn Star
    The monk who put in order the head temple Honganji, he's a great man
    madly in love with money and muscular strength. 
    With the words "Our money is pure gold, our bodies' fat percentage is zero"
    as his creed, he never misses the morning runs and sit-ups with his monk
    Unsatisfied with the savings' amount, he invades many countries, with the
    roaring strength of money and muscles*.
    *This is a wordplay, since money and muscles are pronounced the same
    way in Japanese (kin)
    Kasuga - Bathed in Moonlight, for the Lord's Sake
    A Kunoichi that adores Uesugi Kenshin. For his sake she decided to
    fight alongside him, becoming his most trusted retainer.
    Despite this, she is a caring and gentle person. She doesn't realize that
    continuing to fight means driving herself against a wall. She comes from
    the same village of the Ninja Sarutobi Sasuke, who serves under
    Takeda Shingen.
    Uesugi Kenshin - Holy Commander of Divine Speed
    A natural born fighting genius.Hoping to know the limits of his strength,
    he participates in the tumults. He's a follower of Bishamonten*,
    the God of War.
    Due to his mobility, allowing him to kill in the blink of an eye enemies all
    over the battlefield, he made his the name of Army God.
    He has reciprocated  respect for his rival and comrade Takeda Shingen.
    Miyamoto Musashi - He who roams the Lands and surprises the Heavens
    Carrying his personal style, called Ni Ten Ichi Ryuu*, he's an outlaw
    rampaging furiously across the battlefields. In order to claim the crown
    of "strongest" for himself, ha challenges famed warriors.
    Incidentally, the island where he lies in wait, Ganryuujima, is a lawless
    land riddled with traps and other foul contraptions.
    *Literally, "Two skies into one" school
    Shimazu Yoshihiro - One Slash, Certain Death
    The warrior bold like no other, user of the Jigenryuu* style.
    He goes by the alias of "Shimazu the demon". His "one slash certain kill"
    technique, drawing his long sword, along with the nickname demon put
    fear in many warriors.
    Skilled in ambush strikes, his strategies are coolly calculated; he's also
    famous for being the only man capable of holding his own against
    Honda Tadakatsu.
    *Jigen means "manifestation of a celestial being" (it's a real school of
    sword techniques)
    Azai Nagamasa - Undefeatable Loyalty
    Head of the Azai family of Oumi. His wife is Oda Nobunaga's younger
    sister, Oichi. He believes strongly in his justice.
    Bent on erasing the evil surrounding him, without a single thought, he also
    has an inflexible side. 
    Because of that excessive pride, unable to forgive all of Sengoku's evil,
    he himself and his soldiers of justice inflict Heaven's punishment, to the
    best of their abilities.
    Oichi - Enchanting Vision, Bewitching Words
    Wife of Azai Nagamasa and younger sister of Oda Nobunaga, from the
    moment she was born the fate of being the Demon King's sister stuck to
    Terrified of having the same demon blood of her brother, thus being
    equally sinful, she became masochistic and rather fond of cornering
    Whoever is ensnared by her bewitching beauty is never able to free
    himself from it.
    Fuuma Kotarou - The Grim Ascending Hurricane
    A Ninja mercenary hired by Houjou Ujimasa who wields dreadful skills.
    Extremely taciturn,no one has never heard him speak. His birth, age and
    real name are some of the mysteries he hides.
    At times, in clear days, he can be seen watching afar from a high location. 
    Houjou Ujimasa - Mature Firmness
    The head of the Houjou house, protector of the solid Odawara castle.
    When he became in charge, to bring back the waning authority of the
    Houjou house, he brandishes the exploits and glory amassed by his
    ancestors throughout the generations.
    Moreover, to preserve the honor of the Hojou he hires all sorts of
    mercenaries, Fuuma Kotarou being one of them.
    Imagawa Yoshimoto - Spreading Unprepared Vocal Authority
    The head of the Imagawa household, believer in an refined lifestyle.
    Heading to the conquest of the country being society's latest trend, as
    someone boasting of being always on the cutting edge he cannot overlook
    this, and thus sets his aim on the advance to the capital, not wanting to lose
    no matter what. 
    Other than being fond of gaudiness, moody, and a show-off, he has little
    faith in himself as a fighter.
    Never overlooking on his own protection, one thing he never forgets is to
    use his brains.
    Honda Tadakatsu - Sengoku's Strongest
    A commander serving under Tokugawa Ieyasu. Carries the second name of
    "Sengoku's Strongest". As the name says, it is said that whatever the weapon,
    it is impossible to wound him.
    Matsu - Genius and Glimmering Beauty
    Wife of Maeda Toshiie; as the wife in a military family, she's a proud and
    level-headed person. She supports Toshiie, who works for the prosperity
    of the Maeda household, thanks to her great skills with the Naginata
    and cooking.
    Moreover, she's Maeda Keiji's aunt, and a valuable person, since she's
    able to rebuke him. She's the only one Keiji and Toshiie can't stand up
    Itsuki - Naivete in Full Glory
    A young peasant girl leader of the Ikko Shu*. Wishing for a world without
    war, to stop the conflicts she confronts the samurai, cruel in any imaginable
    She received a giant hammer, quite unfitting her small body, from the
    goddess Ukanome, protector of rice plants. She believes in her growing hope
    for the future, and dreams about seeing the earth giving birth to a sea of rice
    *Peasants, and middle classes' people rebelling under the tyrannical
    governments of the time. Mainly affiliated under certain temples.
    Akechi Mitsuhide - Haughty Cold Stare
    He's a twisted man, who enjoys tormenting and killing people, both
    physically and mentally, more than anything else.
    Desiring to gaze at Oda Nobunaga's bloody, pained expression was the
    reason behind his rebellion against him, and the Honnouji Incident.
    Now, following his desires, he seeks blood wandering from battlefield to
    Maeda Toshiie - Frank and Open Hearted
    The head of the Maeda household, working strenuously for the sake of its'
    prosperity. He likes the meals his wife Matsu prepares more than anything
    Loved because of his open personality, he's called "Our Lord" from his
    subordinates. Uncle of Maeda Keiji, he's the perfect partner for his jokes.
    Every day he's subjected by all sorts of pranks because of him.
    Zabii - Southern Barbarian, Personal Cult
    With "Brimming with Love" as its catchphrase, he's the founder of the
    Zabii cult.
    In order to execute the plan of uniting all Japan under love, he marches
    with his fanatical followers around the country. 
    He has a tendency of not choosing particular means to gain his objective,
    and forgetting the objective because of the means.
    Lately, it seems he has initiated new strong and wise followers.
    Matsunaga Hisahide - Respecting Himself and None Other
    A man who lives loyal to his appetites. Nothing else exists in this world
    apart from him and what he wants. 
    Even if he will trample and destroy anything to satiate his desires,
    he is not a frivolous person, but an extraordinary intellectual, that after
    looking intently at man's true nature has concluded that living following one's
    desires is the world's correct form.
    4. CREDITS
    Thanks go to Capcom for the best hack'n'slash game I have ever played.
    draewon, Little_Kei and, on the whole, the regulars at the SB2H board
    for not letting it die.
    This FAQ Copyright 2008 to Dario Zampieri and Fernando Mucioli. 
    Redistribution in any form, including reprinting in electronic or print
    media, without express permission of the authors is strictly forbidden.

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