M""MMMMMMMM oo oo M MMMMMMMM M MMMMMMMM dP dP dP .d8888b. dP M MMMMMMMM 88 88 88 88' `88 88 M MMMMMMMM 88. .88 88 88. .88 88 M M `88888P' dP `8888P88 dP MMMMMMMMMMM .88 d8888P =========================================================== Super Smash Bros. Brawl Nintendo Wii Luigi Character Guide Version 2.5 By Carlo Fiore Also known as Diocleziano/SegaMaster If you need to contact me, fire off an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. =========================================================== Copyright - Carlo Fiore 2008. This guide may be not be reproduced under any circumstances except for personal, private use. It may not be placed on any web site or otherwise distributed publicly without advance written permission. Use of this guide on any other web site or as a part of any public display is strictly prohibited, and a violation of copyright. No Exceptions! The following is the list of websites that currently have permission to host this guide. GameFAQs.com is the primary site and the one that I will submit all future updates to. gamefaqs.com gamesradar.com cheatplanet.com supercheats.com neoseeker.com =========================================================== TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction [INTRO] 2. Move List [MOVE] 3. Strategies [STRAT] 4. Stadium [STAD] a. Multiman Brawl [amult] b. Homerun Contest [bhome] c. Boss Battles [cboss] 5. Character Strategies [CHARS] 6. Fighting Against Luigi [FAL] 7. Updates [UPDTS] 8. Credits [CRED] Copy the codes to the right and use Ctrl+F to jump straight to the section you need. =========================================================== 1. Introduction [INTRO] Welcome to the fight! The long awaited third game in the Smash Bros. series has finally arrived, to much fanfare. Naturally, players quickly began gravitating towards the characters that suited them best. That, my friends, is the very purpose of this guide. This is for those who aspire to be the best using the one and only man in green, Luigi. Luigi has evolved quite a bit over the course of the series. In the beginning, he was for all intents and purposes identical to Mario. The only things that set him apart were different properties as far as his speed, weight, and strength/effect of attacks. Melee changed things up a bit, giving him several new techniques that were all his own, (and giving birth to the goofy fan term "Luigified") as well as lowering his traction a great deal. Finally, Brawl came along, and Luigi has been diversified enough that He and Mario no longer play anything alike. As a fighter, Luigi is floaty, and his movements are a bit slow, but most of his attacks come out ridiculously fast, and you can abuse this to build up some major damage. He also has multiple recovery options, and a couple of very versatile moves that can be used effectively in many situations. The following is a list of Luigi's major strengths and weaknesses. PROS: Great aerial attacks. Attacks come out fast. With the right moves, can kill at low percentages. Good combo ability, primarily while airborne. CONS: Slow movements. Somewhat lightweight. Can be KOed quickly if you're not careful. Certain techniques leave him terribly vulnerable. Most of his moves aren't well suited for KOs until damage is fairly high. ------ Here is list and description of Luigi's available costumes/color swaps. Green/Blue (Green team) Classic Luigi. White/Green Luigi as seen when using the fireflower power up. Light Blue/Dark Blue (Blue Team) Pink/Red (Red Team) Some people call this Luigi's pimp clothes. That's neither here nor there, I just thought I should say it. Orange/Blue Purple/Black Waluigi's colors. ------ Methods for unlocking Luigi: -Play 22 brawls in group mode. -Beat classic without using continues. -Get Luigi to join you in Subspace Emmisary =========================================================== 2. Movelist [MOVE] Ah, the movelist. Strategy will help you later on, but like any fighting game, the most important weapon in your arsenal as a player is total mastery over your characters techniques and abilities. The following reveals every one of Luigi's moves, including important info such as Damage percentages, knockback range, and a minor description of the moves strengths and weaknesses, in some cases including the more appropriate times to utilize them. Study up. It should be noted that I tested these damage percentages myself. No reference was used. ------ Standard A button attacks _____ A 3% AA 5% AAA 10% So, there's your standard A button combo that every character has. It should be noted that you don't ever have a reason to tap the A button only once or twice. If you're going to use this standard attack, then use the whole combo. This will benefit you anyway, as the whole 3 hit combo is very fast, and surprisingly enough the final hit has low but decent knockback. It's a quick, nifty way to get someone out of your face for second. If you're fast, after you've knocked someone away you can follow them with a Down B special, and deal some damage before they can recover. _____ Dash Attack Individual hits 1% each Final hit 2% If you connect with the entire animation, you'll hit 7 times for a total of 8%. I've heard talk that this move is useless, but not really. Once caught in the flurry, a character can't escape the rush until the move is over, and the final hit has very low knockback (larger at higher percents), but it's enough to get people away for a brief moment. If you're in a Free for all battle, and you have multiple opponents in front of you, the move can catch all three of them at once. However, this is difficult to do, and it's not recommended. But the option is there. Be careful with this dash attack. You can use it, but do so sparingly; it's one of the moves that leaves Luigi horribly vulnerable if it doesn't connect. _____ Forward Tilt 10% Damage builder. Low knockback at higher percentages. Up Tilt 9% Low knockback, but very good for setting up aerial combos. Send your opponents up and hammer with them with Luigi's superior aerial ability. Down Tilt 9% At low percents, this move will typically only cause your enemies to flinch. Occasionally, they may lose their footing and fall to ground, but it's a quick recovery from there and you really won't be able to take advantage of it. Around 90%, this'll start causing some very, very minor knockback. Use it to set up a quick smash attack. _____ Aerial Attacks Aerials are one of Luigi's greatest assets. His general floatiness and quick attacks make it simple to pound out two to three attacks in a single jump with time to spare. In two jumps, you can potentially hit with up to six attacks, and quickly build up the damage. Abuse fast falling while doing this (while falling, tap the control stick downto fall much faster) and with some quick reactions, you can combo your enemies to hell and back. Neutral Air 14% This move has been strengthened since the last game. It comes out very quick, and at higher damages (around 100) it can actually be used as a reasonably effective kill move. This is a decent option for approaching an opponent from above, but don't rely on it too much. Out of all of Luigi's aerial attacks, this one is the most laggy, meaning it takes much longer after using this for Luigi to revert to "normal" and be able to use other attacks. It's not hard to do, but try to only use it when you're positive it will connect. Up Air 13% Mid range knockback at higher percentages. It's best used for racking up damage during combos. Down Air 11% Good for approach from above, and mid range knockback. Most often, when this move hits, your enemy will fly to the side of you. However, on occasion this move will count as a meteor smash, and can be used to spike your opponent down into oblivion. UPDATE: I was previously having problems getting the spike to work reliably, as the conditions seemed to have changed since Melee. However, my personal method was flawed. Thankfully, reader TheUnruly1 stepped in and helped me get my ass in gear. Here's what he had to say: "It actually needs to connect *above* his knees and up, or at least above the most useful, downward-reaching part of the move. And during the first couple of frames the attack is out." That's right as rain folks. This is harder to do than it was in Melee, and the window of oppurtunity seems to be shorter. The range he gives is accurate, but can be tough to actually manage. It almost makes it easier to do if you are rising up to meet someone falling towards you, and it may help to start out trying to use it that way so you'll get a sense of it's range. As for the timing, you'll want to start the attack the instant before it would connect. Practice this and get the timing down to an art, and you'll be able to pull off the Meteor Smash just about anytime you need it. Forward Air 10% How disappointing. In melee, this was a very powerful kill move. It has been downgraded severely. The speed of the attack is as great as ever, with mid level knockback, but it will only KO at very high percents, nearing 150 even for lighter characters. You can use this move to get people the hell away from you, but do not try to rely on it for kills. Back Air 12% Mid knockback. Fun to use when edge guarding, and more likely to kill than Forward Air. ______ Other attacks Attacking when hanging from a ledge This is the move you use if you press the A button when hanging from a ledge. If your own damage is lower than 100%, then this attack will do 8% to your opponent. If your own damage is higher than 100%, then this attack will do 10% to your opponent. Down Taunt 2% Luigi was once the only character who could do damage with his taunt. Nowadays, Snake can as well (thanks to theblackbreath for alerting me to this fact). Luigi's, however, is still more fun to use, heh. If you somehow manage to connect with this little kick, you'll do 2% damage and send your opponent straight up in the air. The knockback however, is set, and your opponent will fly the same distance whether their damage is 0% or 999%. An interesting bit though, is that if your enemy is hanging from a ledge, and you manage to kick them with this taunt while they are hanging, they will be instantly spiked straight down to their deaths, damage ignored and unable to recover. This is undeniably fun. Unfortunately, this move has no practical use. If you have the guts to attempt to use it as an attack during a heated fight, and you actually manage to connect with it, consider it a humiliation tactic. Crawling Not really an attack, but it seemed the most appropriate place to put this. Luigi is one of the handful of characters who is able to crawl. Personally, I haven't found much use for crawling, enough so that I often forget that it can be done at all. It is there though, and Luigi can do it (rather humorously, he scooches along while crouched), so keep it in mind. Thanks to Kevin G. for pointing out that I forgot to add this. ------ Smash Attacks Forward Smash Uncharged 14% Fully charged 19% This move is deadly. Use it for kills. The knockback is fantastic, and it can kill as low as 50-60% when fully charged, give about 10-15 for the heavier characters. For reference, Bowser, the heaviest character, will die from this attack at about 75%. Even the quick uncharged version of this smash will start killing in the 70% range. If you can sweetspot this smash and hit with the very tip of Luigi's fingers, the knockback will be slightly greater. The added distance is moot, however, as by the time an opponent's damage is high enough for it to matter, the move will be capable of killing them anyway. Up Smash Uncharged 12-15% Fully Charged 16-21% Mid range knockback. The uncharged version of this attack won't be useful for kills until much higher percents. The fully charged version will start to kill around 80-90%. Try to use this to hit people who may be on platforms above you. It can work pretty well as a surprise attack this way. Down Smash Uncharged 16-18% Fully Charged 22-23% Mid knockback. A full charge will start to kill in the late 80s. If you're quick, this move is good for clearing space around you to create some breathing room. ------ B Special Moves B - Fireball 6% This is a fairly short range projectile compared to others in the game. It's too slow to abuse it, but throwing fireballs during small breaks in the action can help to build up damage over time. Keep in mind that Luigi's fireball is not affected by gravity, and will fly straight and true until it disappears. Up B - Super Jump Punch/Fire Jump Punch Standard hit - 1% Perfect "Fire" hit - 25% Usable for Recovery As attacks go, this move is very dangerous to use, but the payoff is immense if you succeed. If you hit the opponent, but your aim is off, the move will do a measly 1% damage and leave you horribly vulnerable. However, if you get a perfect hit, it will ping, Luigi's fist, and subsequently, his opponent's whole body will set on fire, and the enemy will be sent flying straight up at high speed. The perfect hit will do 25% damage. 3 Fire jump punches will rack up 75% damage, and will kill anyone, anywhere. The thing is, the speed and distance of the knockback for this move is ridiculous, and if you're good enough to hit somebody with it in the air, you can kill them at very low percentages. Make absolutely sure to use fastfalling (again, tap down on the control stick while falling to fall faster) after performing this move as an attack, especially if you miss. It takes a long time for Luigi to hit the ground again, and you'll be wide open until he recovers. Out of all of Luigi's moves, this technique has the highest payoff, but with the greatest risk. Be careful! As a recovery move, it's best for gaining height if you're trying to return from below the stage. Luigi has become more mobile while falling after this move than he was in the last game, so you can use it a little bit farther away from the edge than you might think is safe. However, it depends on your distance and your height. Experiment so you can feel what the limits are. Forward B - Green Missile Anywhere from 5 to 26%, depending on the charge. Misfire will hit for 25% Usable for recovery This move is chargeable. Hold the B button to start the charge. When it's full, Luigi will start flashing, but he won't be able to move. He'll still in the squatting, pre- launch position until you release the B button to fire. The higher you charge, the greater the resulting speed and distance that be reached when you release. There is a small chance that this move will "misfire". When this happens, Luigi will explode, and fly very far, very fast. The distance and speed will vary depending on how much you charged before you released. When the misfire happens, Luigi will catch fire, and any opponents he hits in the process will be sent flying, potentially to their deaths if the damage is high enough. There's no way to be sure when this will happen, but a misfire won't be able to screw you up nearly as bad as it could in Melee, so don't worry about it overmuch. The Green Missile is Luigi's best method for horizontal recovery. I somehow forgot to mention on interesting side effect of the Green Missile, and thanks to romanshelton flamedtechno for reminding me. When the green missile is about halfway and above to being fully charged, it is possible, if facing a wall when firing it, that Luigi will get his head jammed into the wall. It's not a random effect, and you can do it reliably once you work out the point where the charge is great enough to put you through the wall. Mind you, it doesn't work on every surface. Unfortunately, this technique is just for kicks (and can leave you vulnerable if your opponent dodges and you get stuck in a wall behind them). As far as recovery goes, it can help you get closer to the ledge while getting a breather, but don't depend on it. Getting stuck will hold you to the wall for a few seconds, but it will NOT reset your jumps. In short, if you've already used your second jump and are too far below the stage's ledge for the Super Jump Punch to save you, then you're boned anyway. Sorry! Down B - Luigi Cyclone 5 hits First 4 - 2% each Final - 4% Usable for recovery. This move is incredibly versatile. When this hits, the opponent is sucked into the cyclone to take each hit. The first four build damage, and the final hit low to mid knockback. Use this on the ground and hold left or right, and will Luigi will zip off in that direction while spinning. This is harder to control than it was in Melee (you can still move quickly back and forth, but the range is smaller) but it's still very effective. You can use this method for crowd control, combo setups, and as a very speedy way to close the distance with your opponent. Something special about the cyclone is that if you repeatedly and quickly tap B after activating it, you can use it gain height. This has a couple of different uses, but you need to remember how to use it properly. If you started the move on the ground and you start tapping, you quickly gain a good amount of height. This allows you to safely attack from below. If you started the move in the air and start tapping, the result depends on your inertia. If you were moving up, say out of a jump, the height gain is fantastic, and can be used for attacking and recovery. However, if you were falling at the time, the move will hold you in the air for the duration, but you won't gain any real height. Remember not to use it while falling if there isn't any ground beneath you! You can use the Cyclone for pursuit of an airborne enemy. This will be discussed further in the strategy section. As a recovery move, this is great for getting some height while far from the stage, and works wonders for catching the ledge from below the stage. Again, make sure you're moving up when you start tapping during the spin. If you're falling, you won't gain any height. _____ Throws Grab Attack - Headbutt 3% Up Throw 8% Mid range. Use it to set up combos. Forward Throw 9% Low range. Back Throw 12% Very high range. This move has been beefed up again since Melee. At high percents, it is definitely capable of a KO, especially closer to the edge of a stage. Luigi's grab range isn't real great though, so be careful when attempting to use this. Down Throw 6% Will give your enemy some bounce! This can be used to chaingrab, but it's slow, and Luigi's short grab range makes it difficult. It's not all that useful, but it can be done. ______ Final Smash NEGATIVE ZONE Damage Varies When Luigi's Final Smash is activated, things get trippy, and Luigi performs a strange dance that has a number of effects. Once the dance is complete, you'll be able to move and attack your disadvantaged enemies. The following list, referenced with thanks from smashbros.com, are the possible status effects that can happen to the enemies that are caught in range of the Negative Zone. Lowered attack power. Lighter weight. (Will fly farther when hit) Increased tripping. Low level, but constant, damage increase. Flower on head. Dizziness. (dazed and unable to move) Taunting. Sleeping. Slowed movement. (similar to the watch item) It won't cause all of these every time, but rather a varied mix of them each time. Negative Zone is far more effective than one might think. However, this Final Smash does have an area of effect. Don't hammer the B button the moment you get the smash ball, if your opponents aren't around you, they won't get caught in the circle, and the smash will be wasted. First thing to note is this, if you catch your enemies in the smash, but none of the side effects halt their ability to move, they will still be able to attack you. Thankfully, it doesn't matter, as Luigi is entirely invincible until he completes the dance. Hopefully though, the smash will stop them in their tracks, and even if it doesn't, you'll be in a good position. You can now systematically visit each of your downed opponents, and nail them with a perfect Super Jump Punch, or alternatively, a fully charged forward smash. If you're in a free for all and you're quick, you can easily kill all three of your opponents this way. It seems I stand corrected about one thing. Thanks go to David M. and Jason J., who wrote in to tell me that you can in fact get more than one kill on the same opponent while this smash is active. =========================================================== 3. Strategies [STRAT] Combo potential - Luigi is a beast in the air. He falls slow enough and has fast enough attacks that it's easy to get out several standard aerial attacks in two jumps. Use this to your advantage to rack up the damage and control where your opponent flies. Learn the versatility of Luigi Cyclone - Use this to close the distance with your opponent quickly, and use it to clear crowds. The last hit has knockback, so use it to quickly surprise your opponent and send them up to set up combos. One useful thing about the Cyclone is pursuit. Quickly tapping the B button after starting the move will let you gain a lot of height. You can, for example, use an Up throw on an enemy, then chase them up with the cyclone and nail them before they can react. If you hit an opponent high enough straight up, quickly jump, and while you're still moving up, start tapping the cyclone. If you're quick and you time it right, you can interrupt their fall with your attack, and if their damage is high enough the final hit can score a KO. If you learn how to do this well, you can get a lot of vertical KOs. Finishing Moves - You're best finishers are as follows. Forward Smash - Charge it up if you can. Perfect (Fire) Super Jump Punch - Devastating. But be careful with it. Aerial Neutral A - This has surprising power. Experiment with it and you'll see what it can do. Back Throw - It has the power, just use it sparingly. Luigi's grabs aren't the greatest, and you'll be vulnerable if you miss. Aerial Down A - It has the potential to spike. Use it often, especially while edge guarding. Don't be afraid to meet your opponent with this. Even if it doesn't spike, the sideways knockback is effective. Recovery - Luigi has three different recovery moves, and can return from very far away if you use them properly. Here's an example. First off, when sent flying, immediately use directional influence (hold the control stick in the opposite direction of your flight) to slow yourself down. Once heading back towards the stage, start charging the green missile. Charge time depends on your distance and height, so use your best judgment, just know that you'll rarely have time to charge it all the way. Once you've reached the length of your missile, use your double jump, and near the height of your jump, start up the Luigi cyclone and tap to gain as much height as possible. This will put you close enough to either get back to safety, or put you in range to successfully recover with the Super Jump Punch. Mix things up, depending on where you've been sent, and eliminate unnecessary moves if you're close enough to not need them. One last note on the Cyclone. If you're returning to the stage from above and your opponent is waiting for you, use the Cyclone rather than an A attack. The priority is better, and you'll have a better chance of coming out on top after the clash. Team Battles - The most effective partners for Luigi are those that make up for his weaknesses (range, projectiles,), and are strong enough to be able to cover him in return when he's vulnerable. Ness and Lucas are both good choices for coverage, strength, and range. Sonic and other speed characters are also effective to help set up kills. Rack up the damage and finish them off before they can blink. Luigi can also effectively cover a primarily projectile user, providing the close range dominance while his partner builds up the damage while afar. Super Jump Punch Combo- Thanks to Booken The Blue and Daniel for writing to me on this subject. I added the comments, but the moves are all them. The gist of this combo is using the A standard attacks to set up the Fire Jump Punch. Booken's version (1 tap of the A button) and Daniel's (2 taps) can be equally effective based on the situation, but can be dangerous for you if you screw it up. In short, get up close, tap A once, or twice for a longer stun, and while the opponent flinches from the attack, quickly use the Super Jump Punch. It works pretty well, and is good for building damage provided you can hit with it, but it is kind of reckless. If you're slightly off on your aim, or the opponent is able to shield the jump itself, you'll be entirely vulnerable to an enemy that is in the perfect position to counterattack. Take note though, that while it can work on any character, it's much easier to use on larger slower characters. The faster your opponent, the more likely they'll be able to dodge this. You can probably spam it on the likes of Bowser, but use it sparingly on the likes of Fox. They'll punish you horribly if you miss. KamikaziCat wrote in with two combos he created. Here's what he had to say, copied directly from his email. "Screw Punch I have created a technique that Requires the use of an item, Grab a screw ball and run up to and enemy and quickly jump twice. Right as you finish your second jump use the up b and usually you will use the super Jump punch. The best thing is that they are already in the air so chances of killing are a lot higher. Luigi's Gambit This one is only useful when you have an enemy who is charging a easily recognizable smash. Get just outside their smash range, and Roll towrds them. Immediatly do the up b. You have a good chance that it will do the super jump punch. The problem is that if you go too far you will fall into a medium to full charged smash." =========================================================== 4. Stadium [STAD] The Stadium has four mini events that can be played solo or with a friend. These are: Home Run Contest Multi Man Brawl Break the Targets Boss Battles I've included strategies for the Home Run Contest, Multi Man Brawl, and Boss Battles. However, I do not intend to include anything for Break the Targets. The reason for this is that while I'm fully capable of beating the times required for challenges, it's not a difficult task. There will eventually be a dedicated FAQ that will do a far better job at Break the Targets, with far better times, than I possibly can. Besides, Luigi really isn't the best character to use to get the fastest times in that mode. However, if you feel like the guide should include some BtT strategy, and you have a good one with a good time, please send it in. Be clear and concise. I'll be happy to add a Break the Targets section to the guide if anyone sends in some info. I will use the most effective strategies I receive, and you will of course be credited if I use yours. Again, if there are no submissions for Break the Targets, I will not be adding such a section to the guide! Now, on to the stadium! ------ a. Multi Man Brawl [amult] 10 man/ 100 man Brawl If you can pick up the controller, you can handle 10 man brawl. There's no doubt about that. 100 man is a bit more difficult. Utilize your smashes; you don't need to charge them. All of them will kill here. Avoid the Super Jump Punch, it's too slow to be worthwhile here, and you will end up eating the damage. Your aerial attacks will be a life saver, so stay up. And don't be afraid to abuse the items. That's why they are there. If you're unable to beat this the typical way, then try going for the cheapo way. Luigi cyclone is very effective in this fight. Now, if you use the Luigi cyclone on the ground, it'll react like always, pulling in for multiple hits, and knocking back on the last hit. That won't do you much good in this fight where you can have as many as 5 guys on your back at once. However, since your enemies are very lightweight they react differently to certain attacks. The properties of the Cyclone are different in the air here, and EACH HIT WILL KILL ANYONE IT TOUCHES. In short, jump up, spam the cyclone in the air, and watch the explosions as your enemies die. If you're quick enough, the cyclone method can clear out the game in less than 3:00 minutes, unlocking one of the challenge windows. _____ 3-minute Brawl This is simple. If you beat the 100 man brawl, you can survive the 3 minute brawl. Use the same strategies. You'll be fine. _____ 15- minute Brawl Believe it or not, the same method used on the 100 man Brawl and 3 minute Brawl will work here. It's just much more difficult, and takes a lot more patience, and spamming of Down B in the air. If you're lucky enough to get a situation where you only have 1 or 2 enemies onscreen, rather than kill them right away, try to avoid them. You can burn up a lot of time this way without having to fight. If you start taking damage though, knock them out and try again later. Above all, stay on the attack. And if you see a bomb, don't be a hero. If you can manage it, detonate from a safe distance, but don't pick it up. It's often too hard to set up a situation where it's actually safe to use a bomb, and that applies double to the smart bomb. You'll be hating life if you get blown to smithereens by a stupid mistake a mere minute from the finish. 15 minute Brawl and Cruel Brawl (shown next) are NOT easy. Patience will serve you best here. _____ Cruel Brawl This is terribly hard to do. Keep moving constantly, and stick to aerial attacks when you can, especially the neutral B. Cyclone will help you clear the crowds in some cases, but it can also bunch them together and set them up for a quick smash attack. You don't have time to charge smashes, so don't bother. Also, never use your Super Jump Punch for anything but recovering from below the stage. You are far too vulnerable here for this move to even begin being useful as an attack. If you get knocked off, you can attempt to trick your opponents into following you down before grabbing the ledge yourself. The Alloys are incapable of recovering outside of jumps. If you hang from a ledge and drop off, the aggresive alloys will often follow you down. Use your own recovery to return back to the ledge, while the alloy falls to their death. That bit is more effective for other characters, but Luigi can utilize it to a degree. Combine these things carefully. It can be tough to get a lot of KOs in this mode with Luigi, but it can be done well enough to at least unlock the challenges. ------ b. Home Run Contest [bhome] Again, I am accepting strategies for Home Run Contest, provided they beat my own score. Send'em in if you got'em folks! Alright, so here's my method. Start off by grabbing the bat right away. Immediately throw the bat at Sandbag, and the moment you throw it, toss off a Fireball. When Sandbag ricochets off the wall, the Fireball will stop him in his tracks so you can quickly hit him again. Grab the bat, throw it again, and Fireball again. Now grab the bat, throw it yet again, then immediately turn left and throw a Fireball. Sandbag will hit it from above when he bounces over there. Grab the bat, and throw it at Sandbag a final time, then quickly turn right to hit him with another fireball and stop him close to the right edge. Now grab the bat, hit him with two or three more fireballs, depending on how much time you have left, and then Smash him with the bat. Try to sweetspot the tip of the bat, it'll help a bit. With this method, you can get over 1800 feet. Here is a link to youtube video, that shows me completing the test with the strategy written above. I apologize for the poor quality, but it's clear enough that you can see what is being done. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46urh2npmok Do you have a strategy that can reliably beat my score of 1873.4 feet? Send it in. My email is up top. Big UPDATE: I'm pleased to say that several people wrote in strategies for Home Run Contest that Smash my record. I'll be quoting their comments from their emails, and including any links they may have sent. Big thanks go out all of you, well done! First up, Felix R.: "Anyways, here is my strategy you get the bat and get near the sand-bag. Once near, you throw the bat up and press the attack button twice. When the bat drops pick it up again. You do that for 4 times and add in a hit from the bat, some fireballs, or just a punch and launch that sucker. With this I got an amazing record of over 1900 feet on my first try! It took me a while to get it to over 2000 feet, but that took luck." Next up is Clayfrd, who nailed 2016.1 feet. "My starting move is described as follows: 1. Pick up the bat and stand as close to the bat as possible. 2. Throw the bat straight up. 3. IMMEDIATELY use the fire jump punch (Up+B). This move automatically racks up 51% damage and leaves you with about 6.5 seconds left once the bag drops back down. The last step is to throw the bat at the sandbag right before it hits the ground and continually throw the bat at the sandbag as it nears the ground until about 2 seconds are left. At that point, walk over to about halfway between the center and the right edge of the platform, and wind up right at one. The sandbag should be oriented right at the tip of Luigi's bat, and the damage will exceed or be at 150 damage once the bat has been swung. The sand bag will fly over 2000 feet." Clayfrd also sent me a follow up email with a quick note and a link to a video of his record on youtube. Here it is: "I have uploaded a video, and while it has poor quality, if you follow the instructions that I sent you, you will understand what's going on." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dG3yd4hOLd4 I also a recieved an email from Chris B. He says he has hit over 1900 feet as well, but didn't send me a strategy. Chris, send one in! Thanks again everybody, for sending me your scores! ------ c. Boss Battles [cboss] The Boss Battle mode can be horribly difficult, especially at the highest difficulty levels. The setup is the same as All-Star mode. You fight each boss one at a time, while visiting a "rest area" between each bout. The rest area contains 3 heart containers that will fully heal you, which you can use at your discretion. It doesn't seem like much, but what makes this mode difficult is that there are no continues. If you die, you start over, period. I can't tell you the best times to use your heart containers. That really depends on how you fair in the fights, so use your best judgment. My advice, if you hit about 100-120%, heal up, unless you're very confident that you can beat the next boss without doing so. For the record, the Ridleys and the Hands are the easiest to avoid taking damage from, so keep that in mind when you see your upcoming fights and plan the use of your heart containers. This section contains mini strategies for handling each boss. The order is random, so skip to the one you need. I'll say ahead of time, that it's best to avoid using the Super Jump Punch in these battles. The delay is too great, and bosses don't flinch, so you will be punished for it. At the very most, use it to finish them off, but only if you've mastered the timing and are sure their health is low enough that the move will kill. 1. Master Hand and Crazy Hand The Hands are probably the easiest battles to handle. Both of them telegraph their attacks. When you see them winding up to use one their high variety of moves. Stop and stay put, just for a moment, and then move. This will ensure that the hands aren't moving when they finally unleash the attack, and thus allows you to quickly dodge almost anything they throw at you. The biggest thing you have to watch out for is their screw attack. You'll know when this is being used. The hand will move to your location, fingers pointed together and straight up. It will then start spinning, and flames will come out from the bottom of the glove. After launching, they'll come back down on you spinning (hence screw attack). This move is irritating, as it locks you in place, deals a great deal of damage, and knocks you back a good ways once complete. It is also nearly impossible to dodge. The best way to avoid this, is to dodge the flames at the startup, then while the hand is off the screen, wait just a moment before they come back and jump off the stage. Don't get to far out. Do your best to keep your airtime, and when the attack ends or is close to it, grab that ledge. This isn't a perfect dodge method, but it will save you most of the time. Practice it. If you're lucky, you may be able to kill them before they ever use this move. 2. Ridley and Meta-Ridley The Ridleys will usually fly off the screen before attacking. Keep on eye on them and learn the timing for their return to dodge their attacks. It's safe to stay airborne most of the time while fighting them, and a good idea too. The majority of their attacks affect the stage in some way, from dragging his tail from end to end, or in the case of Meta-Ridley, pulling the Blue Falcon almost entirely off the screen. Luigi's aerial attack speed is great for this fight. If you're near him, you can pull three aerial UP A attacks in a single jump. Abuse your speed and air dodge at the first hint of trouble. Stay alert and pressure him. 3. Rayquaza It's possible to get some quick smash attacks in on Rayquaza, as most of the time he remains grounded. If you do this, watch out for his tail sweep, it hurts. If he charges up an energy ball, stay high, it travels along the ground. This battle is relatively simple. 4. Porky This fight is dangerous. First and foremost, be patient. Porky has a lot of attacks, and many of them are high damage and likely to kill. The best way to handle things is to play defensive and don't let him hit you at all. This isn't a fight where you can safely eat the damage and kill him quickly. A decent way to wittle away his health is to get on top of him. Pound on him like crazy, but stay cautious. There are three attacks that can wreck you while you're up there. First of all, he'll clasp his two upper claws together over his head, and start charging an energy ball, which he'll eventually release. You can get caught in the charge, so move it. Second, he has a quick attack where one of the upper claws unleashes a terrible flurry of attacks in one direction. This can hit you if you're up top, so don't think you're safe just because the attack is indirect. Third, he will sometimes jump in the air and hover, sending bolts of energy to the ground. If you're on top of him, you'll go with him, and you'll be off the screen during the attack. Don't panic, you won't die if you're standing still, but if you take a hit while you're up there chances are you'll be flying off the top. 5. Petey Pirahna Pick a cage and stick to it. It's tempting to wail on him because he is so big, but that can backfire badly. Don't be too impatient to dodge, his hits have a good bit of knockback. If you are unable to hit a cage for a bit, you can attack his body. It's not as effective, but it will still lower both health bars a bit and it's a good way to add to his damage in dangerous times. If he jumps, jump with him and air dodge. If you don't dodge, you'll avoid the shockwave when he lands, but you'll still get hit by his body on the way down. The Luigi Cyclone can help to rack up hits in this fight. 6. Duon This fight is the suck, it really is. Abuse the hell out of your air dodge. Take shots at him when you can, but dodge, dodge, dodge. Most of his attacks hit hard, and multiple times, and are capable of racking up the damage quick. If he happens to shoot his missiles, to try to direct them back into him. The damage they will do to him is immensely helpful. The Cyclone will help you again, use it along the ground if you need to get away from him quick. 7. Galleom Galleom can destroy you if you're not careful, but it isn't that difficult to avoid his attacks. If he goes into his tank form, drop everything and avoid it at all costs. The same rule applies if he starts jumping. Don't let this move catch you! If it does, you'll be embedded in the ground, and Galleom will keep jumping on your fool head and crank up your damage like crazy. 8. Tabuu Tabuu is much easier to handle in the Boss Battle mode than he was in Subspace Emmisary. Don't try to chase him around, he's too fast for you in that regard. If you are impatient and insist on chasing him, you can use the Cyclone to cover more ground very quickly. Just be careful not to start it just as he's using one of his own attacks, or you'll be horribly vulnerable. Stay steady, and when he teleports near you, abuse your aerial attack speed to get in 6 or 7 shots, more if you're quick about it. Be patient and stick to your aerial game. His moves are pretty telegraphed, so despite their speed you'll almost always see them coming, stay on your toes and you can dodge everything he throws at you. One last note on Tabuu, you don't have to fear the "Red rings of death" nearly as much here. In the story mode, this attack was a one hit KO, guaranteed. In this case, while they can still easily kill you (around 60% damage) it's not instant, so don't despair if you eat this attack once or twice, it's not over yet. =========================================================== 5. Character Strategies [CHARS] This bit will be devoted to providing mini strategies for taking on each character. Luigi, like any character, fairs better against certain characters, and worse against others. He does, for example, have a very hard time against opponents with a lot of reach in their attacks, made worse by the fact that Luigi's own standard moves have actually been shortened. You'll often have to take an indirect approach against these sorts of characters. Keep in mind that everyone plays different, and these comments are not set in stone. Use them as they apply to improve your game as much as possible. Know your enemy, and all that jazz. Section 6 is devoted to fighting Luigi himself, so skip there if that's what you're looking for. _____ Mario - Mario can definitely meet you on your own terms. His attacks and movements are a bit faster, but his strength no longer matches up to Luigi's. Fight him head on, but don't allow him any opportunities. Watch out for his aerial forward attack. It comes out slow, but if he times it right, it's almost certainly a spiked KO. Remember that you can beat him in the air. Peach - Peach is very mobile in the air. However, her vertical jumping and recovery are terrible now. If you can get her below the stage, it'll usually mean a death for her. Be careful of Peach using her second jump's hover the barest bit above the surface of the stage. It keeps her at ground level while doubling her mobility and speed, and she will nail you with all the aerial attacks she wants. The best way to counter this is with a Cyclone along the ground. Bowser - Luigi can take Bowser pretty easily. Abuse your speed advantage, and get Bowser up in the air to really mess him up. Throws will be effective. Donkey Kong - Donkey Kong isn't much more difficult to fight than Bowser. His reach is great though, and his speed a step up from melee. Feel free to go on the offensive, just watch out. Mind also, that his throws are strong with high range. Diddy Kong - Diddy is, unfortunately, a very difficult match up for Luigi. His speed in all areas can be painful to experience. When you fight Diddy, don't try to play the field. In essence, either play strictly defensively, or go all out beserker on him. The all attack method works a bit better, but be mindful of the damage you take. Diddy can knock you out as quickly as you can do so to him. Yoshi - Though Yoshi's game has improved, there's not a whole lot he can do to you. You can count on a bad player to spam the egg roll, and do it poorly. Be careful though, a good Yoshi player will know how to use it properly, as well as snipe the hell out of you with thrown eggs. Luigi's floatiness only makes him an easier target for that. Watch out for the Forward smash, it's a doozy. Wario - Wario is unpredictable as hell, which I suppose is the way he likes it. He's not really floaty, yet he's incredibly mobile in the air, and it's easy for him to jump in, attack and pull back completely out of your range, laughing at you all the while. It doesn't help that the majority of his attacks come out fast. Thankfully, Wario is surprisingly not all that strong, so you'll be able to take a bit of punishment just the same. Be wary of his Up tilt and Down tilt. The UP tilt is especially dangerous and can easily kill you. Link - You can't beat Link up close. His range is too great. It doesn't help that he's primarily a projectile user, and he can hurt you from afar when you're trying to get your bearings. Luigi's superior speed and recovery are your keys to victory. Don't let him start juggling you. His range is great enough that if you can't avoid coming down on top of him, you'll never be able to hit him before he clobbers you. Dodge roll frequently, and smash him when he's vulnerable after using his projectile attacks and smashes. Zelda - Luigi can have a very difficult time fighting a good Zelda. Her reach is deceptive, and extended a good deal by the bursts of magic that come from her hands. It's easy for Zelda to trap Luigi this way and build up a lot of damage in a short time. Play a primarily defensive game. For the most part, you'll want to stay away from her. Don't try to approach her from above, her up attacks from the ground have greater priority than Luigi's aerial down and aerial neutral (and really, most of her attacks have greater priority than Luigi's overall). Approach quickly, watch out for din's fire, and try to launch her. Sheik - Sheik used to be a great danger to Luigi, but not so much anymore. Her forward smash is easy to avoid, but her smashes aren't that strong anyway. Mind her chain, it can be used as a tether recovery, and it's very fast in this vein, so don't expect to be able to edgeguard Sheik without meeting her in the skies. She is faster than Luigi, so play defensively when necessary to prevent her from building up your damage with her quick attacks. Ganondorf - His attacks are slow, but stupidly strong. Try to find a good balance between offense and defense. Hit and run tactics will work well until you can trap him. Toon Link - Toon Link loses the range of his older self, but gains a hell of a lot of speed in the trade off. He will leave you in the dust, so don't bother trying to keep up with him. For the most part, let him come to you, and try not to approach unless he's using his projectiles. Don't get hit with aerial Down A, it's painful, and will spike when you're in the air. Samus/Zero Suit Samus - In the Power suit, Samus's strengths are projectiles. It's easier for Luigi to handle her this way. In the Zero Suit, her close combat range is increased bigtime, and the paralyzer gun (and the down smash) will allow her to take free hits at you. You can approach normal Samus head on and be ok, but take on Zero Suit with caution. Pit - Pit can be a nightmare for Luigi. He doesn't have the best KO attacks, but his strengths make up for it. He has huge reach, and several fast attacks that will trap you and eat you alive. A good Pit can quickly overwhelm Luigi, so keep your cool. Also, take note, the Cyclone can stop Pit's Forward B. RomanShelton wrote in with a weakness, here's his quote: "Pit's down B can actually reverse the Luigi Hurricane, making you spin backwards and can even get you off the stage if you're close enough." Ice Climbers - First thing you should know. Don't underestimate them. The Ice Climbers are faster than before, and their double smash attacks are as painful as ever. Avoid them, lest they chain grab you to hell. If the player gets a chance to split the Ice Climbers and control them independently, you'll be in for some hurt. It's kind of a time waster, but make it a point to destroy the second Ice Climber as soon as possible. A lone Ice Climber isn't nearly as effective in battle, and the recovery is mostly shot (Forward B, watch for it). From there you can control the situation. R.O.B. - R.O.B.'s most dangerous attacks are the ones that use the boosters on his underside. These have a lot of knockback, but the moves are easy to see before they come out, so dodge quick. Keep an eye on the light on his head; when it's flashing, you know his laser is fully charged. The move is extremely fast and hard to dodge. You're best bet here is to be on the attack constantly, and don't give him a chance to use his projectiles. Kirby - Kirby hasn't changed much. You don't have to worry about his hammer much in the air. The strength is greater, but the format of the attack has changed, so it's easier to avoid now. Don't let him grab and throw you, lest he attempt a suicide move and take you with him. His grab range isn't much, so it shouldn't be too tough to avoid if you watch yourself. Keep in mind that his speed has been ramped up a bit. MetaKnight - MetaKnight's attacks are incredibly fast, and he can build up damage quickly. Fortunately, he's a wimp, and has a terrible time KOing his opponents. The best way to beat MetaKnight is to outlast him, so plan out your stocks and try to get first blood. If you can claim a couple of MetaKnight's stocks without sacrificing more than one of your own, it's unlikely he'll be able to make a comeback and beat you. King DeDeDe - King DeDeDe is a heavy with several jumps. Unusual, but he gets a lot of air, especially with his Up b recovery, so you're not likely to take him out at the bottom of the stage. It's tough to KO him anyway, and you'll have to build up a lot of damage to do it reliably. Be quick and utilize the Super Jump Punch; it's just as effective as always. Watch out though. It comes out slow, but King DeDeDe's forward smash is by far the most powerful attack in the game (not including final smashes) and can easily KO as low as 40%. Treat this fight with respect. Captain Olimar - Olimar can truly be a terror to fight if he's in the right hands. It'll serve you well to disable his Pikmin. He's mostly useless without them, and if you can knock out a few and set him up in the air quickly, he won't be able to restore them right away, and you can have your way of the match for a short while. Also, Olimar's only recovery is a tether, and the fewer pikmin he has, the less effective it is. If he has a full set of 6 pikmin, play cautious. He can hit hard, and no one else in the game can rack up the damage as quickly as Olimar can with the Pikmin throw. Fox - Fox is as stupid fast as ever. His strength has been toned down though, and fighting a good Fox player, while still troublesome, is not the dangerous prospect it once was. Fox has Luigi completely outmatched in speed, and while he can't attack as frequently in the air, his attack speed and priority will put the hurt on you. Dodge frequently and go for the smash, Fox is still light and you can put him down early with the right timing. His blaster still won't make you flinch, so if you don't mind eating a few points of damage, hit the Cyclone and approach him quickly. Falco - Falco's blaster has a brief flinch effect. His jumps are strong as ever, but his recovery sucks, so meet him in the air and take him down. He's not as fast as Fox, but slightly stronger, so he can be every bit as dangerous in the right hands. Stay on the move. Wolf - Wolf's techniques can best be described as "feral". He's not the fastest, but he has a good deal of power. If you're up against a good Wolf player, it won't be easy to predict his next move. Wolf's blaster doesn't have the range that Fox and Falco's have, but it's more powerful. His recovery also doesn't have as much range, but it works well as an attack; watch out for the kick at the end. Remember that Wolf's Forward B has slightly upward movement so don't assume you're safe from it. Captain Falcon - Falcon is still a deadly combination of speed and power. Let him bring the fight to you, a Captain Falcon player will usually be aggresive anyway. Be ready to move at a moment's notice, his attacks will catch you quicker than you can blink if you aren't prepared. You can take the fight to the air and come out on top easily, but be careful of the Falcon Dive, it can ruin your plans and set you up for some big damage. Pikachu - Pikachu has regained a lot of his power to match up with his speed, and is now far more dangerous than he was in Melee. Thunder will hurt you bad, don't be next to him when the lighting bolt hits and creates the burst of electricity on the ground. Pikachu's Up Smash is still his most dangerous, and his short range but quick throws can be disorienting. Just for fun, try to match Skull Bash with Green Missile! ---Pokemon Trainer--- Squirtle - Squirtle is the quickest but the weakest of the bunch. His smashes won't KO until high damages, but be on the lookout anyway, as he can build up your percent quicker than you may imagine. His recovery isn't the best, but he can cover the edges fairly well with his water gun. Ivysaur - The balanced creature of the three. His reach is monstrous, so play defensively and don't give him an opening to catch you. Don't get caught in his aerial Up A, it's power is intense and can kill easily. Remember that his only recovery is a tether, but it has the greatest range. Charizard - Very strong, but his attacks are slow. You'll want to be wary of Rock smash. It's reach is weak, but the power is very damaging. Charizard has multiple jumps, but his recovery move is pretty weak, balancing things out. You can fight him much the same way you might handle Bowser or DK, so it shouldn't be too much of a problem. Lucario - Lucario is floaty and light. You can kill him quickly, but don't discount his power. The strength of his aura grows at higher percentages, so play more defensively once his damage hits about 70%. Go for the kill quick to neutralize this ability. Lucario's Forward B is like a fourth smash, and while his Aura sphere (B) won't kill as quickly as Mewtwo's Shadow Ball used to, it's still effective for building damage. Jigglypuff - Nobody is as mobile in the air as Jigglypuff. She can recover from just about anywhere, so shoot to kill. She's light, so it's not that hard. Rest isn't as strong as it used to be, but it's still harsh if you get caught by it. Never fail to punish Jigglypuff if Rest fails! Rollout is a bit harder to use correctly, but it's power hasn't changed. Don't get taken by suprise by this move. Marth - Marth can wreck you with his speed and his reach. It can be very difficult to take down a good Marth. Be fast with your attacks, but bide your time and wait for an opening before using them. If you have to, don't be afraid to play defensive; you should be doing your best to stay out of his reach. Use Luigi Cyclone on the ground to approach him quickly. If you can knock him into the air, you'll have a better chance of building up his damage. Ike - You might think Ike to be as dangerous as Marth with his reach, but he isn't. Luigi is fast enough to play like a speed type character and take potshots and Ike while dodging any attacks that come his way. Be aggressive here, but stay cautious. Ike is a beast, and he only needs one solid opening to ruin your day. Don't give it to him. Ness - Ness is capable of meeting Luigi in aerial combat. He can juggle with his Yo-Yo, and his Up tilt will set you up for his combos. Don't allow yourself to be put in this situation. Luigi is still faster in the air, so if you meet Ness in the skies, do everything you can to control happenings. Lucas - Don't make the mistake of thinking that Lucas plays the same as Ness. His moves don't do as much damage, but they can trap you, making it easy for him to combo and rack up the points quickly. As with Ness, don't get in the way of the "cannonball" move when he recovers with PK Thunder. Lucas also has a tether recovery with his throw (so yes, he can grab you from a distance), so try to knock him out quick before he can use either of his options. Mr. Game and Watch - Mr. Game and Watch has been improved a lot. He's much stronger, his aerial down A is now a very fast spike, and his recovery is just ridiculous. Thankfully, he's still a lightweight, so with enough power you can still void his recovery from the sides. His Up B still has insane vertical range however, so it'll be tough to KO him at the bottom. If you're playing a Game and Watch that starts spamming judgment, stay away. If you get hit by a 9, you're dead. Snake - Most of Snake's attacks are powerful with a lot of knockback. His strengths lie in his weaponry however. Watch his movements like a hawk. A Snake player will lay mines and C4 on the field frequently, and try to force you into the them using many different tactics, including chasing you with a Nikita missile. Watch out for the Up smash and the Forward Smash, both are devastating. Sonic - His main strength is building up damage quickly. A good Sonic will be able to head you off at any pass, so try to be aggressive and attack frequently. Luigi is light for a middleweight, and with Sonic's ability to dish out quick damage, even his lack of KO power may not save you. Take advantage of Sonic's light weight, and remember that despite Sonic's speed, Luigi's attacks come out quicker. If you can get him in the air, he'll be done for. Keep your eyes open though, like Wario, Sonic's moves, his specials doubly so, are very unpredictable. =========================================================== 6. Fighting Against Luigi [FAL] By now you know Luigi's strengths and weaknesses don't you? If not, check the small list of Pros and Cons in the introduction for a quick rundown. First of all, everyone's aerial game has been a bit reduced thanks to the ability to air dodge without penalty. However, Luigi can still beat most people in the air in terms of speed and sometimes priority. Try to keep the fight on the ground. Use smashes frequently. It's possible to KO Luigi at low damages. Press him constantly, but be careful and dodge quickly, as he has several attacks that are good for giving himself some breathing room. Look out for the Cyclone. It's faster than you think. Most importantly, several of Luigi's attacks leave him terribly vulnerable. The Super Jump Punch, when it connects properly (which a good Luigi player will be able to do consistently) is his most powerful move, but it's also the most risky. Don't ever miss the chance to take advantage of his downtime. Faster characters will have an easier time managing this, but anyone can if they stay on Luigi and watch him closely. =========================================================== 7. Updates [UPDTS] Version 1.0 Friday March 21, 2008. First submission. Guide is mostly complete. Version 2.0 Friday March 21, 2008 Rejected, on the grounds of being incomplete. Started work on V. 2.0. Added mini strategies in Stadium covering every boss in Boss Battles mode. Saturday March 22, 2008 Completed Character strategies for every fighter in the game. Added information about effective partners in Team Battles in the Strategies section. Added another brief note on using the Cyclone for recovery. Added strategy for Cruel Brawl and 15 minute Brawl. For all intents and purposes, the guide is complete at this point. Fixed an incredibly frustrating formatting problem. Second Submission. Tuesday April 1, 2008 Added note granting permission for the guide to be posted on 4 other websites: neoseeker, supercheats, cheatplanet, and gamesradar. Added link to a youtube video for a visual strategy of Home Run Contest. Added tiny revision on comments about Down Taunt (under movelist section) Added the Super Jump Punch combo to the strategies section. Added info about spiking with the Down Air. Submitted to update as Version 2.2. Saturday May 3, 2008 Added correction on Final Smash. Added two new reader combos. Added two reader Home run Contest Records. Added Ascii art to heading. Made note of the Cyclone's vulnerability to Pit's Down B in the Character strategy section. Somehow, though I included them in my initial notes, I forgot to mention crawling, and getting stuck to walls with the Green Missile. These things have now been added. Submitted to update as Version 2.5 =========================================================== 8. Credits [CRED] Masahiro Sakurai For making the game Shigeru Miyamoto For creating the Mario Bros. and Luigi. GameFAQs.com Smashbros.com For the reference about Luigi's Final Smash side effects, and for the methods of unlocking him. http://www.network-science.de/ascii/ For the handy ascii generator that created the guide's slick new heading. TheUnruly1 For his helpful info about spiking with the Down Air. theblackbreath Who wrote in to tell me that Luigi is no longer the only one who can damage with a taunt. Booken The Blue and Daniel Who each wrote in with their own versions of the Super Jump Punch Combo. The methods have been combined under a single heading in the strategy section. Thanks to flamedtechno, Kevin G., David M., Jason J., romanshelton, Felix R., Clayfrd, Chris B., and KamikaziCat, who all sent in a wide and varied number of things, including final smash tidbits, combos, Home run Contest records, reminders to include things I stupidly forgot, and so on. All of these things have been gratefully included in the guide. And You! Thanks for reading.